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    1 OF 11

    National Database Analysis of Single-Level versus Multilevel Sleep Surgery.
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017 Mar 1:194599817696503. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    6 University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.
    Objective Recent evidence suggests that multilevel sleep surgery improves outcomes when compared with palate surgery alone for most patients. The study objective was to compare demographic and outcomes data for palate surgery (uvulopalatopharyngoplasty [UPPP]) alone versus multilevel surgery through a national insurance claims database. Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Read More

    Maternal genetic backgrounds contribute to the genetic susceptibility of tongue cancer patients in Hunan, central of China.
    Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal 2017 Feb 16:1-6. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    a Key Laboratory of Genetics and Birth Health of Hunan Province , Family Planning Institute of Hunan Province , Changsha , Hunan Province , China.
    Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations played crucial roles on affecting the susceptibility to cancer. In this study, to investigate whether mitochondrial DNA mutations contributed to the genetic susceptibility of Chinese tongue cancer patients, mtDNA control regions of 105 Chinese tongue cancer patients were amplified and sequenced, the mutations were recorded by comparing with the revised Cambridge Reference Sequence (rCRS), which were attributed to certain mtDNA haplogroups based on the specific variations motif of each patients. The Miao Chinese group (a Chinese ethnic minority) from surrounding region has no essential difference with tongue cancer group, which was taken as the matched control group with principal component analysis by taking the haplogroups frequency of 105 tongue cancer individuals and 354 healthy individuals of eight groups from the similar geographic regions as input factors. Read More

    Oral mucosal changes induced by anticancer targeted therapies and immune checkpoint inhibitors.
    Support Care Cancer 2017 Feb 22. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    Oral Medicine Department, Institut Claudius Regaud, Institut Universitaire du cancer Toulouse-Oncopole, 1 avenue Irène Joliot-Curie, 31059, Toulouse Cedex, France.
    Development of biological targeted therapies and immune checkpoint inhibitors has redefined the treatment for many cancers; however, the increasing use of new protocols has led to physicians observing a new spectrum of toxicities. To date, oral adverse events induced by these new anticancer therapies have been mainly reported using nonspecific terminology ("stomatitis," "mucosal inflammation," "mucositis") and remain poorly characterized, with the exception of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor-associated stomatitis. Oral toxicities of targeted therapies often display very characteristic features which clearly differ from classic oral injuries observed with cytotoxic chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. Read More

    Investigation of the clinical features of geographic tongue: unveiling its relationship with oral psoriasis.
    Int J Dermatol 2017 Apr 10;56(4):421-427. Epub 2017 Feb 10.
    Postgraduate Program in Pathology, School of Medicine, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Background: Few studies have examined the clinical features of geographic tongue (GT), an inflammatory lesion, making diagnosis and the investigation of oral psoriasis difficult.

    Purpose: To investigate the clinical features of GT to facilitate its identification and understand its relationship with psoriasis.

    Methods: A total of 96 participants diagnosed with GT underwent stomatological and dermatological examinations. Read More

    Salivary levels of interleukin-8 and growth factors are modulated in patients with geographic tongue.
    Oral Dis 2017 Feb 8. Epub 2017 Feb 8.
    Department of Oral Medicine and Pathology, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the levels of salivary epidermal growth factor (EGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) as well as interleukin-8 (IL-8) in patients with geographic tongue (GT), as compared to control subjects.

    Methodology: An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the levels of IL-8, EGF and VEGF in whole saliva samples collected from 34 patients with GT and 38 control subjects. The patients and controls were grouped and matched according to age, gender and the presence of systemic diseases, which are factors that may influence the levels of salivary biomarkers. Read More

    Autoimmune Disease Manifestations in the Oral Cavity.
    Surg Pathol Clin 2017 Mar 28;10(1):57-88. Epub 2016 Dec 28.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diagnostic Sciences, University of Florida, 1395 Center Drive, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.
    Immune-related disorders of the oral cavity may occur as primary disease process, secondary to systemic disease or neoplasm, or as a reaction to medications and other agents. The entities represented within this group may vary significantly by severity, clinical presentation, microscopic presentation, and special testing results. The selected immune-related conditions of the oral cavity in this article are categorized and presented by their prototypical tissue reaction patterns: vesiculobullous, including acantholytic and subepithelial separation; psoriasiform; spongiotic; and lichenoid reaction patterns. Read More

    The Journey of "Geographic Atrophy" through Past, Present, and Future.
    Ophthalmologica 2017 12;237(1):11-20. Epub 2017 Jan 12.
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
    "Geographic atrophy" is a concise term that has been firmly established for the description of the end-stage manifestation of nonexudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). "Geographic lesions" resembling sharply demarcated continents on a map have been originally described in the German literature in 1854 (landkartenartiger/inselförmiger Zungenfratt) for a manifestation later called "geographic tongue" in English. In 1970, Gass was the first to describe "geographic areas of atrophy" in "senile macular choroidal degeneration. Read More

    Mutations in IL36RN are associated with geographic tongue.
    Hum Genet 2017 Feb 29;136(2):241-252. Epub 2016 Nov 29.
    Department of Dermatology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 1665 Kongjiang Road, Shanghai, 200092, China.
    Geographic tongue (GT) is a benign inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology. Epidemiology and histopathology in previous studies found that generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is a factor associated with GT, but the molecular mechanism remains obscure. To investigate the mechanism of GT, with and without GPP, three cohorts were recruited to conduct genotyping of IL36RN, which is the causative gene of GPP. Read More

    Host and clinical aspects in patients with benign migratory glossitis.
    Arch Oral Biol 2017 Jan 26;73:259-268. Epub 2016 Oct 26.
    Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.
    Objective: Investigate the association of clinical, cytological and genetic characteristics with benign migratory glossitis (BMG).

    Study Design: Sample consisted of 175 patients, 44 with BMG and 131 control patients. Clinical examination and DMFT index were assessed. Read More

    The single-species metagenome: subtyping Staphylococcus aureus core genome sequences from shotgun metagenomic data.
    PeerJ 2016 18;4:e2571. Epub 2016 Oct 18.
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA; Department of Human Genetics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    In this study we developed a genome-based method for detecting Staphylococcus aureus subtypes from metagenome shotgun sequence data. We used a binomial mixture model and the coverage counts at >100,000 known S. aureus SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) sites derived from prior comparative genomic analysis to estimate the proportion of 40 subtypes in metagenome samples. Read More

    The prevalence of celiac disease in patients with geographic tongue.
    J Oral Pathol Med 2016 Nov 1;45(10):791-796. Epub 2016 May 1.
    Study of Dental Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Split, Split, Croatia.
    Background: Geographic tongue (GT) is a benign inflammatory condition usually involving the dorsal surface and lateral borders of the tongue. Numerous etiological factors of GT have been suggested, including immunological factors; genetic; atopic or allergic predisposition; emotional stress; and hormonal disturbances. GT may also coexist as one of the possible manifestations of celiac disease (CD). Read More

    HPV in Head and Neck Cancer-30 Years of History.
    Recent Results Cancer Res 2017;206:3-25
    Department of Clinical Research, Biohit Oyj, Helsinki, Finland.
    The interesting history of papillomavirus (PV) research has been reviewed before. The history of human papillomavirus (HPV) in head and neck region starts in 1901 when the contagious transmission of warty lesions into the mouth via oral sex was described, although the confirmation of their viral etiology had to wait until 1907. Ullman was the first to associate the human wart virus with laryngeal warts. Read More

    Unmet diagnostic needs in contact oral mucosal allergies.
    Clin Mol Allergy 2016 1;14(1):10. Epub 2016 Sep 1.
    Section of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, University of Bari Medical School, Bari, Italy.
    The oral mucosa including the lips is constantly exposed to several noxious stimuli, irritants and allergens. However, oral contact pathologies are not frequently seen because of the relative resistance of the oral mucosa to irritant agents and allergens due to anatomical and physiological factors. The spectrum of signs and symptoms of oral contact allergies (OCA) is broad and a large number of condition can be the clinical expression of OCA such as allergic contact stomatitis, allergic contact cheilitis, geographic tongue, oral lichenoid reactions, burning mouth syndrome. Read More

    Geographic tongue and psoriasis: clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical and genetic correlation - a literature review.
    An Bras Dermatol 2016 Jul-Aug;91(4):410-21
    Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) - Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil.
    Geographic tongue is a chronic, inflammatory, and immune-mediated oral lesion of unknown etiology. It is characterized by serpiginous white areas around the atrophic mucosa, which alternation between activity, remission and reactivation at various locations gave the names benign migratory glossitis and wandering rash of the tongue. Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease with frequent cutaneous involvement and an immunogenetic basis of great importance in clinical practice. Read More

    Treatment of Symptomatic Geographic Tongue with Triamcinolone Acetonide Alone and in Combination with Retinoic Acid: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
    J Dent (Tehran) 2016 Jan;13(1):23-8
    Statistical Consultant, Dental Research Center, Dentistry Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Objectives: Geographic tongue or migratory glossitis is an inflammatory disorder with unknown etiology. Considering the accompanied burning pain, taste dysfunction, and lack of definite cure, it is important to treat this condition symptomatically. The objective of the current study was to compare the efficacy of a combination of 0. Read More

    [Atypical scurvy associated with anorexia nervosa].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2017 Feb 5;144(2):125-129. Epub 2016 Aug 5.
    Service de médecine interne générale, hôpitaux universitaires de Genève, 1206 Genève, Suisse; Service de médecine interne, hôpital de la Tour, 1217 Meyrin-Genève, Suisse.
    Introduction: Scurvy, or "Barlow's disease", is a widely described disease involving cutaneous and mucosal lesions resulting from vitamin C deficiency. Herein, we report a case of scurvy in a 48-year-old woman that was unusual in its atypical cutaneous-mucosal presentation as well as its association with anorexia nervosa.

    Patients And Methods: A 48-year-old woman treated for depression for several years was admitted to hospital for her impaired general state of health. Read More

    [Melkersson Rosenthal syndrome. Report of two pediatric cases].
    Arch Argent Pediatr 2016 Aug 1;114(4):e224-7. Epub 2016 Aug 1.
    Residencia de Otorrinolaringología Infantil, Hospital General de Niños Pedro de Elizalde, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Melkersson Rosenthal syndrome is a very infrequent disease of unknown etiology, chronic and progressive course, with neurocutaneous disease that affects the orofacial innervation and mucocutaneous tissues with non-caseating granulomatous infiltration. Clinically, it is characterized by the diagnostic triad: recurrent edema of lips and/or face; recurrent and alternating acute peripheral facial paralysis and scrotal or geographic tongue. The condition generally presents as oligosymptomatic or monosymptomatic form. Read More

    Prevalence and distribution of oral mucosal non-malignant lesions in the western Sicilian population.
    Minerva Stomatol 2016 Aug;65(4):191-206
    Department of Surgical, Oncological and Stomatological Disciplines, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy -
    Backgroung: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of oral mucosal non-malignant lesions in the Sicilian population. In addition, we evaluated the association between each oral lesion and its risk factors.

    Methods: This study analyzed a total of 2539 consecutive patients, attending the Department of Surgical, Oncological and Stomatological Disciplines of Palermo University, who were examined for the presence of various oral lesions during the period from January 2012 and February 2015. Read More

    Diseases of the tongue.
    Clin Dermatol 2016 Jul-Aug;34(4):458-69. Epub 2016 Mar 8.
    Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ.
    The tongue is a complex organ involved in speech and expression as well as in gustation, mastication, and deglutition. The oral cavity, along with the tongue, are sites of neoplasms, reactive processes, and infections, and may be a harbinger of systemic diseases. This review includes both common and rare diseases that occur on the tongue, including: vascular and lymphatic lesions (infantile hemangiomas and oral varices), reactive and inflammatory processes (hairy tongue, pigmented fungiform papillae of the tongue, benign migratory glossitis, and fissured tongue), infections (oral hairy leukoplakia, herpes simplex and varicella-zoster virus infections, human papillomavirus, and candidiasis), premalignant lesions (leukoplakia and erythroplakia), malignant lesions (squamous cell carcinoma, Kaposi sarcoma, and lymphoproliferative diseases), and signs of systemic disease (nutritional deficiency and systemic amyloidosis). Read More

    Prevalence of oro-dental anomalies among schoolchildren in Sana'a city, Yemen.
    East Mediterr Health J 2016 Apr 19;22(1):33-8. Epub 2016 Apr 19.
    Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, Al-Farabi College, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Practitioners and policy-makers need information about the relative frequency of dental anomalies among children in their region. This study investigated the prevalence of different oral anomalies among schoolchildren in Sana'a city, Yemen. A sample of 1000 private and public schoolchildren aged 4-12 years were examined by the same examiner using disposable tongue blades. Read More

    Oral lichen planus clinical characteristics in Italian patients: a retrospective analysis.
    Head Face Med 2016 Apr 26;12:18. Epub 2016 Apr 26.
    Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine (DIM) - Section of Dentistry, University "Aldo Moro" of Bari, Clinica odontoiatrica del Policlinico di Bari, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124, Bari, Italy.
    Background: Oral lichen Planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory disease involving skin and mucous membranes. Its etiology is still uncertain whilst an autoimmune mechanism is known to be implicated. OLP is commonly considered a geriatric disease and gender differences in prevalence are clear, whereby females are generally more frequently affected than males more often during the 5th and 6th decades of life. Read More

    Case Report of Focal Epithelial Hyperplasia (Heck's Disease) with Polymerase Chain Reaction Detection of Human Papillomavirus 13.
    Pediatr Dermatol 2016 May 13;33(3):e224-5. Epub 2016 Apr 13.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.
    Focal epithelial hyperplasia (FEH), or Heck's disease, is an uncommon benign proliferation of oral mucosa caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), particularly subtypes 13 and 32. The disease typically presents in young Native American patients and is characterized by multiple asymptomatic papules and nodules on the oral mucosa, lips, tongue, and gingiva. The factors that determine susceptibility to FEH are unknown, but the ethnic and geographic distribution of FEH suggests that genetic predisposition, particularly having the human lymphocytic antigen DR4 type, may be involved in pathogenesis. Read More

    Paediatric Geographic Tongue: A Case Report, Review and Recent Updates.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2016 Feb 1;10(2):ZE05-9. Epub 2016 Feb 1.
    Reader, Department of Oral Pathology, College of Dental Science , Davangere, Karnataka, India .
    Geographic tongue is a benign recurrent condition of uncertain aetiology affecting the tongue characterized by loss of epithelium especially filiform papillae giving a characteristic appearance. The clinical presentation may vary from asymptomatic to painful and burning ulceration. The condition is commonly seen in adults but few cases are reported in children. Read More

    [Chronic or recurrent ulceration of the tongue].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2016 Apr 30;143(4):297-308; quiz 295-6, 309-10. Epub 2016 Mar 30.
    Dermatologie, consultation pluridisciplinaire de pathologies de la muqueuse buccale, institut Claudius-Regaud, institut universitaire du cancer Toulouse Oncopole, 1, avenue Irène-Joliot-Curie, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France.

    Flower-visitor selection on floral integration in three contrasting populations of Lonicera implexa.
    Am J Bot 2016 Feb 10;103(2):325-36. Epub 2016 Feb 10.
    Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies (IMEDEA; UIB-CSIC). C/ Miquel Marqués 21 07190 Esporles, Balearic Islands, Spain Doñana Biological Station (CSIC). C/ Americo Vespucio s/n, Isla de la Cartuja 41092 Sevilla, Spain.
    Premise Of The Study: Geographic differences in flower visitor assemblages might lead to among-population differences in the magnitude and pattern of floral integration. However, the role of current pollinator visitation in shaping the magnitude and pattern of floral trait correlations is still controversial.

    Methods: We used individual-level data on floral morphology, flower visitation, and fitness to assess if floral integration (at flower and floral-module level) and the covariance structure of floral traits varied among three populations of Lonicera implexa differing in the importance of long-tongue (hawk moths) and short-tongue (bees and small beetles) pollinators; and to assess whether this variation was related to the selection pressures exerted by flower visitors. Read More

    Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 2015 Oct-Dec;119(4):1147-52
    Unlabelled: Part of the oral cavity structure, the tongue plays an important role, both by its functions, and pathology, which sometimes can seriously damage the state of the entire body. As an important component of the dento-maxillary apparatus, the tongue has particular appreciative and perceptive abilities, also playing a role in articulation. The conditions of the mucosa and profound tissues of the tongue are generically named glossitis. Read More

    White lesions in the oral cavity: clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment.
    Semin Cutan Med Surg 2015 Dec;34(4):161-70
    Departments of Orofacial Sciences, Radiation Oncology, and Pathology, and the Helen Diller Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA.
    White lesions in the oral cavity are common and have multiple etiologies, some of which are also associated with dermatological disease. While most intraoral white lesions are benign, some are premalignant and/or malignant at the time of clinical presentation, making it extremely important to accurately identify and appropriately manage these lesions. Due to their similar clinical appearances, it may be difficult sometimes to differentiate benign white lesions from their premalignant/malignant counterparts. Read More

    Oral manifestations of asthmatic patients.
    J Pak Med Assoc 2015 Nov;65(11):1226-7
    Department of Oral pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
    The effect of asthma on oral health is the subject of debate among dental practitioners. The current study was planned to investigate the oral manifestations of asthmatics compared to healthy subjects. The study group composed of 100 asthmatics and 100 age-matched healthy controls. Read More

    [Oral cavity cancer: epidemiology and early diagnosis].
    Refuat Hapeh Vehashinayim (1993) 2015 Jul;32(3):55-63, 71
    Cancer of the oral cavity (Oral cancer) is the 11th most common malignancy in the world, despite the general global trend of a slight decrease in the incidence of oral cancer, tongue cancer incidence is increasing. About 90% of tumors are subtyped to oral Squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The incidence and mortality of this tumor shows variability according to the geographic location in which it is diagnosed, however in the last decade an increase was seen in the percentage of young patients, especially patients with tongue cancer. Read More

    Prevalence of oral squamous cell carcinoma of tongue in and around Davangere, Karnataka, India: A retrospective study over 13 years.
    J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2015 Aug;7(Suppl 2):S491-4
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Microbiology, College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India.
    Aim: The aim was to determine the frequency and distribution of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) involving tongue among patients by studying biopsy specimens obtained from the archives of the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka, India, during the past 13 years.

    Methodology: Data for the study were retrieved from the case records of patients. Analyzed clinical variables included age, sex, anatomical site, and histological diagnosis. Read More

    Factors associated with geographic tongue and fissured tongue.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2016 18;74(3):210-6. Epub 2015 Sep 18.
    a Department of Oral Medicine and Pathology , Institute of Odontology, the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg , Sweden.
    Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to investigate the association of systemic diseases, use of medications, allergies and tobacco habits with geographic tongue (GT) and fissured tongue (FT) lesions. The secondary objectives were to evaluate the clinical characteristics of tongue lesions and to compare the overall results for referred and non-referred patients.

    Methodology: Non-referred patients with GT (GTgp; n = 130) and FT (FTgp; n = 62) were examined by general practitioners (gp) and compared to a control group without oral mucosal lesions (C; n = 1029). Read More

    Incidence of mandibular fractures in black sea region of Turkey.
    J Clin Exp Dent 2015 Jul 1;7(3):e410-3. Epub 2015 Jul 1.
    DDS, PhD, Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun- Turkey.
    Background: The aim of this study is to review the incidence of mandibular fractures in the Black Sea Region of Turkey and to present our treatment protocol.

    Material And Methods: Data were collected regarding age, sex, etiology, time distribution, site of the fracture and the associated injuries and evaluated. These patients were treated at Ondokuz Mayıs University Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery between 2003 and 2010. Read More

    New type of encephalomyelitis responsive to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole treatment in Japan.
    Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm 2015 Oct 13;2(5):e143. Epub 2015 Aug 13.
    Department of Neurology and Geriatrics (Y.S., N.K., Y.H., M.Y., Y. Takata, O.W., J.Y., Y. Tashiro, R.S., S.N., A.Y., K.I., K.S., H.A., K.M., K.H., A.H., Y.O., R.H., T.S., E.M., R.O., I.H., T.I., H.T.), Center for Chronic Viral Diseases (S.A., S.I.), Department of Neurosurgery (H.H.), and Department of Psychiatry (A.S.), Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan; Center for Genomic Medicine (H.W., F.M.), Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan; Department of Neurology (Y. Tashiro, R.S.), Fujimoto Hayasuzu Hospital, Miyazaki, Japan; and National Sanatorium Hoshizuka Keiaien (M.G.), Kagoshima, Japan.
    Objective: To determine the causative pathogen and investigate the effective treatment of a new type of encephalomyelitis with an unknown pathogen in Japan and report the preliminary ultrastructural and genomic characterization of the causative agent.

    Methods: From 2005 to 2012, we treated 4 Japanese patients with geographic clustering and comparable clinical features, serum/CSF cytology, and radiologic findings. Brain biopsy was conducted in all patients to analyze neuropathologic changes by histology, and electron microscopy was applied to reveal the features of the putative pathogen. Read More

    Mucocutaneous lesions in free-ranging Atlantic bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus from the southeastern USA.
    Dis Aquat Organ 2015 Aug;115(3):175-84
    Georgia Aquarium, 225 Baker Street, NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30313, USA.
    Mucocutaneous lesions were biopsied from free-ranging Atlantic bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus inhabiting the Indian River Lagoon (IRL), Florida, and estuarine waters of Charleston (CHS), South Carolina, USA, between 2003 and 2013. A total of 78 incisional biopsies from 58 dolphins (n=43 IRL, n=15 CHS) were examined. Thirteen dolphins had 2 lesions biopsied at the same examination, and 6 dolphins were re-examined and re-biopsied at time intervals varying from 1 to 8 yr. Read More

    Prevalence of Geographic tongue and Related Predisposing Factors in 7-18 Year-Old Students in Kermanshah, Iran 2014.
    Glob J Health Sci 2015 Feb 24;7(5):91-5. Epub 2015 Feb 24.
    Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences.
    Geographic tongue is a benign lesion at the dorsum and margins of the tongue that sometimes causes pain and burning sensation. This lesion is characterized by an erythematous area with white or yellow folded edges. The predisposing factors of this lesion include heredity, allergies, psoriasis, stress, fissured tongue and consumption of some foods. Read More

    Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in a brazilian military police population.
    J Clin Exp Dent 2015 Apr 1;7(2):e208-11. Epub 2015 Apr 1.
    PhD, Department of Dentistry, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil.
    Background: Data obtained from oral health surveys are very important for identifying disease-susceptible groups and for developing dental care and prevention programs. So, the purpose of the current article was to investigate the prevalence of oral mucosa lesions (OMLs) in a population of Brazilian police.

    Material And Methods: Interviews and oral cavity examinations were performed on a sample of 395 police officers who were randomly selected by the calibrated researcher. Read More

    Accessory tongue: Classification and report of a case.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2015 Aug 11;79(8):1175-9. Epub 2015 May 11.
    Center of Pediatric Surgery, Iran.
    Background: Accessory tongue (AT) is a rare congenital anomaly. Due to rarity of AT, various terminologies are applied, including accessory tongue, bifid tongue, double tongue, cleft tongue, and supernumerary tongue. It seems that the anomaly has geographic distribution and most reported cases are from India and Middle East. Read More

    Oral mucosal lesions in elderly dental patients in Sana'a, Yemen.
    J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2015 May;5(Suppl 1):S12-9
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Al-Farabi Colleges of Dentistry and Nursing, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    Objectives: With aging, the oral mucosa becomes more susceptible to external stimuli. The aims of this study were to obtain baseline data on the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in a population of elderly Yemeni patients and to investigate differences in the presentation of these findings in relation to age, gender, education level, and the wearing of dentures.

    Patients And Methods: The prevalence of OMLs was assessed by clinical examination of a sample of 310 elderly Yemeni patients aged 60 years and older. Read More

    Ethnomedicinal plants used for digestive system disorders by the Karen of northern Thailand.
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2015 Apr 9;11:27. Epub 2015 Apr 9.
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Huaykaew Road, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand.
    Background: Digestive system disorders have a substantial effect on worldwide morbidity and mortality rates, including in Thailand, where the majority of the rural areas have a lack of proper sanitation and awareness about disease prevention. This has led to the prevalence of different types of digestive diseases. Karen people in Thailand still use medicinal plants as first aid remedies in treating these diseases. Read More

    [Research progress on the risk factors of geographic tongue].
    Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2015 Feb;33(1):93-7
    Geographic tongue, also called benign migratory glossitis, is a common and superficial benign inflammatory disorder that affects the tongue epithelium. The majority of geographic tongue lesions typically manifest as irregular central erythematous patches. These lesions, which are caused by the loss of filiform papillae, are defined by an elevated whitish band-like border that can change location, size, and pattern over a period of time. Read More

    Geographic tongue and fissured tongue in 348 patients with psoriasis: correlation with disease severity.
    ScientificWorldJournal 2015 19;2015:564326. Epub 2015 Jan 19.
    Hospital Universitário Antonio Pedro, Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Patologia, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rua Marques de Parana 303, 4° Andar, 24033-900 Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
    Geographic tongue (GT) and fissured tongue (FT) are the more frequent oral lesions in patients with psoriasis. The aims of this study were to compare the prevalence of GT/FT between psoriasis group (PG) and healthy controls (HC) and investigate the correlation between GT/FT and psoriasis severity using the PASI and age of psoriasis onset. Three hundred and forty-eight PG and 348 HC were selected. Read More

    Locoregional recurrences after post-operative volumetric modulated arc radiotherapy (VMAT) in oral cavity cancers in a resource constrained setting: experience and lessons learned.
    Br J Radiol 2015 Apr 3;88(1048):20140795. Epub 2015 Feb 3.
    1 Department of Radiation Oncology, Malabar Cancer Center, Kerala, India.
    Objective: The conformal nature of dose distribution produced by volumetric modulated arc radiotherapy (VMAT) increases the risk of geographic miss. Data regarding patterns of failure after VMAT in oral cavity cancers in resource-constrained settings are scarce. The aim of the present study was to ascertain the patterns of failure in patients receiving adjuvant VMAT intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for oral cavity cancer in Malabar Cancer Center, Kerala, India. Read More

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