9,839 results match your criteria Generalized Anxiety Disorder


Mechanisms of parental distress during and after the first COVID-19 lockdown phase: A two-wave longitudinal study.

PLoS One 2021 24;16(6):e0253087. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Background: In these unpredictable times of the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, parents worldwide are affected by the stress and strain caused by the physical distancing protocols that have been put in place.

Objective: In a two-wave longitudinal survey, we investigated the levels of parental stress and symptoms of anxiety and depression in a sample of parents at two time points; during the implementation of the strictest physical distancing protocols following the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic (T1, N = 2,868) and three months after the discontinuation of the protocols (T2, N = 1,489). Further, we investigated the relationships between parental stress and anxiety and depression relative to relationship quality and anger toward their children at the two aforementioned time points, including subgroups based on age, parental role, cultural background, relationship status, education level, number of children, employment status and pre-existing psychiatric diagnosis. Read More

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A preliminary study on assessment of wellbeing among veterinary medical house officers.

PLoS One 2021 24;16(6):e0253111. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Dean's Office, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America.

Mental wellness is an important topic among practicing veterinarians. Peer reviewed studies focusing on veterinary house officers' wellbeing are lacking in veterinary medicine. The aim of this study was to assess wellbeing of house officers using validated surveys for anxiety, burnout, depression, and quality of life. Read More

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Effect of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health among Bangladeshi healthcare professionals: A cross-sectional study.

Sci Prog 2021 Apr-Jun;104(2):368504211026409

Department of Pharmacy, University of Asia Pacific, Farmgate, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

The COVID-19 has been spreading across the world since December 2019. The pandemic has created tremendous fear of death from infection and awful psychological pressure on healthcare professionals (HCPs). The measures of psychological effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on the Bangladeshi HCPs are unknown. Read More

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The longitudinal association between depression, anxiety symptoms and HIV outcomes, and the modifying effect of alcohol dependence among ART clients with hazardous alcohol use in Vietnam.

J Int AIDS Soc 2021 Jun;24 Suppl 2:e25746

Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Introduction: Mental health disorders may negatively impact HIV outcomes, such as viral suppression (VS) and antiretroviral (ART) adherence among people with HIV (PWH) with hazardous alcohol use. This study evaluates the longitudinal association between depression, anxiety symptoms, VS and complete ART adherence among ART clients with hazardous alcohol use in Vietnam; and examines alcohol dependence as a modifier in this association.

Methods: This was a secondary data analysis of a trial for hazardous drinking ART clients in Thai Nguyen, Vietnam. Read More

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Intimate partner and client-perpetrated violence are associated with reduced HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake, depression and generalized anxiety in a cross-sectional study of female sex workers from Nairobi, Kenya.

J Int AIDS Soc 2021 Jun;24 Suppl 2:e25711

Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

Introduction: UNAIDS has identified female sex workers (FSW) as a key HIV at-risk population. FSW disproportionately experience gender-based violence, which compounds their risk of HIV acquisition and may contribute to adverse mental health outcomes. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a powerful but underused HIV prevention tool for these women. Read More

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Differences in the Association of Anxiety, Insomnia and Somatic Symptoms between Medical Staff and the General Population During the Outbreak of COVID-19.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 14;17:1907-1915. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Psychiatry, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University (Guangzhou Huiai Hospital), Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Background: During the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), occupational differences were recognized with respect to psychological issues, but there are no reports regarding the insomnia and anxiety comorbidities and their related factors among the general public and medical staff. Our study aimed to compare the prevalence of anxiety and anxiety with insomnia, as well as the relationship between different psychological symptoms between the two groups.

Methods: A total of 605 medical staff and 1091 public respondents were assessed through an online questionnaire survey, including the 7-item Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the somatization subscale of Symptom Checklist 90-Revised (SCL-90-R), and the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7). Read More

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Organization of the social cognition network predicts future depression and interpersonal impairment: a prospective family-based study.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA.

Deficits in social cognition and functioning are common in major depressive disorder (MDD). Still, no study into the pathophysiology of MDD has examined the social cognition-related neural pathways through which familial risk for MDD leads to depression and interpersonal impairments. Using resting-state fMRI, we applied a graph theoretical analysis to quantify the influence of nodes within the fronto-temporo-parietal cortical social cognition network in 108 generation 2 and generation 3 offspring at high and low-risk for MDD, defined by the presence or absence, respectively, of moderate to severe MDD in generation 1. Read More

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Face-to-face versus Video Teleconference Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Anxiety and Related Disorders: A Preliminary Comparison: Thérapie cognitivo-comportementale de groupe en personne contre par vidéo téléconférence pour l'anxiété et les troubles connexes: une comparaison préliminaire.

Can J Psychiatry 2021 Jun 23:7067437211027319. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Anxiety Treatment and Research Clinic, 25479St. Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Telehealth is being increasingly incorporated into the delivery of mental health care and has received widespread attention during the COVID-19 pandemic for its ability to facilitate care during physical distancing restrictions. Videoconferencing is a common telehealth modality for delivering psychotherapy and has demonstrated similar outcomes to those of face-to-face therapy. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is the most common psychotherapy evaluated across various telehealth modalities; however, studies on CBT delivered via videoconference, particularly in a group therapy format, are lacking. Read More

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Prevalence of psychological morbidities and their influential variables among nurses in a designated COVID-19 tertiary care hospital in India: A cross-sectional study.

Ind Psychiatry J 2020 Jul-Dec;29(2):237-244. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Literature, Kirori Mal College, New Delhi, India.

Background: Nurses are the main part of the health workforce, performing their duties as frontline warriors against the novel coronavirus pandemic. Nurses involved in the care of infected (COVID-19) patients, may feel more discomfort physically and experience greater psychological morbidities.

Aims And Objectives: The main aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of anxiety and stress among nurses in a designated COVID-19 hospital and variables that influence these psychological problems. Read More

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A national survey on depressive and anxiety disorders in Afghanistan: A highly traumatized population.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 06 22;21(1):314. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Dept of Mental Health & Substance Abuse, Primary Health Care Directorate, Ministry of Public Health, Kabul, Afghanistan.

Background: This survey attempts to measure at a national level, exposures to major traumas and the prevalence of common mental health disorders in a low-income dangerous country, highly affected by conflicts: Afghanistan.

Methods: Trans-sectional probability survey in general population by multistage sampling in 8 provinces, represented nationwide: 4445 adults (4433 weighted),15 years or older, 81% participation rate. Face to face interviews used specific scales for measuring lifetime exposure (LEC 5 Life Events Checklist) and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD Check List), a diagnostic standardized interview: Composite International Diagnostic Interview (Short Form) for. Read More

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Predictors of mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic in older adults: the role of socio-demographic variables and COVID-19 anxiety.

Psychol Health Med 2021 Jun 22:1-13. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Grupo de Estudios Avances en Medición Psicológica, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú.

The objective of this study was to evaluate factors related to the mental health of Peruvian older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study had a cross-sectional and observational design. A total of 274 older adults in Lima, Peru (M = 67. Read More

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Childhood adversity links to self-reported mood, anxiety, and stress-related disorders.

Authors:
Alan R King

J Affect Disord 2021 Jun 6;292:623-632. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

University of North Dakota, Psychology Department, Stop 8380, Grand Forks, ND 58202-8380, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Child abuse has been identified within the DSM-5 as a putative etiologic risk for over two dozen psychiatric disorders.

Methods: This study examined associations between self-reported diagnostic histories of six Mood, Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders and childhood adversities measured using dichotomous ACE (Adverse Childhood Experiences) counts and dimensional indices of child abuse.

Results: Adversity odds ratio were all significant (p < . Read More

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Circadian rhythm abnormalities during the COVID-19 outbreak related to mental health in China: a nationwide university-based survey.

Sleep Med 2021 Jun 6;84:165-172. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

MOE Key Laboratory of Population Health Across Life Cycle, No 81 Meishan Road, Hefei, 230032, Anhui, China; NHC Key Laboratory of Study on Abnormal Gametes and Reproductive Tract, No 81 Meishan Road, Hefei, 230032, Anhui, China; Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, No 81 Meishan Road, Hefei, 230032, Anhui, China. Electronic address:

Objective/background: School closure and home quarantine has been implemented worldwide during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak. The study aims to assess the associations of circadian rhythm abnormalities (CRA) during the COVID-19 outbreak with mental health in Chinese undergraduates.

Methods: A nationwide cross-sectional university-based survey was conducted from 4th February to 12th, 2020. Read More

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Characteristics of persistent postural perceptual dizziness patients in a multidisciplinary dizziness clinic.

J Vestib Res 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Persistent Postural Perceptual Dizziness (PPPD) is a newly defined condition which was added to the International Classification of Vestibular Disorders in 2017. Little is known about its impact on patients.

Objective: The goal of this study was to analyze the symptomology, epidemiology and impact of PPPD on patients. Read More

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How therapists' interpersonal behaviour is perceived by their patients and close others: A longitudinal and cross-situational study.

Clin Psychol Psychother 2021 Jun 20. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Psychology, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.

Due to their predictive abilities, therapist interpersonal behaviour is of great relevance for psychotherapy. However, there is a lack of knowledge about its stability inside but also outside of the therapy room within and between therapists. The current study investigates interpersonal behaviour of trainee therapists (N = 20) as perceived by four patients each suffering from generalized anxiety disorder and three closely related persons of every therapist (close others). Read More

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The Association Between the 5Cs and Anxiety-Insights From Three Countries: Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

Front Psychol 2021 2;12:668049. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Several of the most frequent psychological difficulties in childhood and adolescence are related to anxiety and lead to numerous short- and long-term negative outcomes in emotional, social, and academic domains. Empirical evidence consistently shows that the 5Cs (competence, caring, confidence, connection, and character) of Positive Youth Development (PYD) are positively related to adolescents' contribution to self, family, and society as well as negatively related to risky behaviors and emotional difficulties, such as anxiety. Thus, the PYD can be one of the models that informs prevention programs. Read More

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Freely Generated Word Responses Analyzed With Artificial Intelligence Predict Self-Reported Symptoms of Depression, Anxiety, and Worry.

Front Psychol 2021 4;12:602581. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Background: Question-based computational language assessments (QCLA) of mental health, based on self-reported and freely generated word responses and analyzed with artificial intelligence, is a potential complement to rating scales for identifying mental health issues. This study aimed to examine to what extent this method captures items related to the primary and secondary symptoms associated with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). We investigated whether the word responses that participants generated contained information of all, or some, of the criteria that define MDD and GAD using symptom-based rating scales that are commonly used in clinical research and practices. Read More

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Generalized anxiety, depression and posttraumatic stress disorder in a national sample of U.S. internal medicine physicians during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB#7005, 125 MacNider Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7005, United States. Electronic address:

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The Contribution of Anxiety Sensitivity to Obsessive-Compulsive and Anxiety Symptoms in a Naturalistic Treatment Setting.

Cognit Ther Res 2018 Oct 30;42(5):661-673. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Anxiety sensitivity, a fear of arousal-related sensations, is prevalent in a number of disorders. We examined the relationship between internalizing symptoms and the anxiety sensitivity components of physical, social, and cognitive concerns in a sample of 165 patients seeking treatment in a clinic specializing in CBT for anxiety-related disorders. Social anxiety symptoms were associated with greater social concerns. Read More

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October 2018

The association of detachment with affective disorder symptoms during the COVID-19 lockdown: The role of living situation and social support.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jun 8;292:464-470. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Sociology, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Madrid, Spain; Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa (IP), Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: There is growing concern about the effect of lockdown and social distancing on mental health. Subjective feelings related to social relationships such as detachment have shown a strong effect on mental health, whereas objective factors might have a moderating role in that association.

Objective: To investigate whether social support and living situation have a moderating effect on the association between detachment and affective disorder symptoms during the COVID-19 lockdown. Read More

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Pediatric anxiety associated with altered facial emotion recognition.

J Anxiety Disord 2021 Jun 7;82:102432. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Texas A&M Health Sciences Center, Bryan, TX, USA.

Multiple psychiatric disorders are associated with difficulties in facial emotion recognition. However, generalized anxiety disorder may be associated with more accurate recognition of others' emotional expressions, particularly expressions of happiness and fear, which index safety and threat. Children aged 9-14 from a community sample (N = 601) completed a facial emotion labeling task. Read More

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The Pharmacology and Clinical Efficacy of Antiseizure Medications: From Bromide Salts to Cenobamate and Beyond.

CNS Drugs 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Mid-Atlantic Epilepsy and Sleep Center, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Epilepsy is one of the most common and disabling chronic neurological disorders. Antiseizure medications (ASMs), previously referred to as anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drugs, are the mainstay of symptomatic epilepsy treatment. Epilepsy is a multifaceted complex disease and so is its treatment. Read More

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Association between extreme temperatures and emergency room visits related to mental disorders: A multi-region time-series study in New York, USA.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 8;792:148246. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT, USA; Yale Center on Climate Change and Health, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT, USA.

Background: There is growing evidence suggesting that extreme temperatures have an impact on mental disorders. We aimed to explore the effect of extreme temperatures on emergency room (ER) visits for mental health disorders using 2.8 million records from New York State, USA (2009-2016), and to examine potential effect modifications by individuals' age, sex, and race/ethnicity through a stratified analysis to determine if certain populations are more susceptible. Read More

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Association of Depression and Anxiety With Expectations and Satisfaction in Foot and Ankle Surgery.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY (Henry and Barth), the Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Hospital for Special Surgery (Cororaton), Foot & Ankle Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery (Hummel, Cody, and Ellis), and Clinical Epidemiology, Hospital for Special Surgery (Mancuso).

Introduction: Mental health diagnoses involving depression or anxiety are common and can have a dramatic effect on patients with musculoskeletal pathologies. In orthopaedics, depression/anxiety (D/A) is associated with worse postoperative patient-reported outcomes. However, few studies have assessed the effect of D/A on expectations and satisfaction in foot and ankle patients. Read More

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Internet-Administered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Common Mental Health Difficulties in Parents of Children Treated for Cancer: Intervention Development and Description.

JMIR Form Res 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Uppsala University, Healthcare Sciences and e-Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala, SE.

Background: Following the end of a child's treatment for cancer, parents may report psychological distress. However, there is lack of evidence-based interventions tailored to the population, with psychological support needs commonly unmet. An internet-administered low-intensity Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (LICBT) based intervention (EJDeR; internetbaserad självhjälp för föräldrar till barn som avslutat en behandling mot cancer) may provide a solution. Read More

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Levetiracetam-associated irritability and potential role of vitamin B6 use in veterans with epilepsy.

Epilepsy Behav Rep 2021 3;16:100452. Epub 2021 May 3.

School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA.

Objectives: Levetiracetam, a commonly prescribed antiseizure medication (ASM), may cause irritability, depression, and anger. The mechanisms underlying these behavioral effects and individual risk factors remain unknown. Mitigation strategies are limited, including discontinuation, supplementation with vitamin B6, or switching to an alternative ASM. Read More

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Attitude of Medical Students About Their Role and Social Accountability in the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Psychiatry 2021 1;12:645340. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Psychiatry, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

In this study, we aimed to explore the attitude of medical students toward their role and social accountability in this pandemic era. An online survey was developed to elicit information on (1) the role of medical students in the pandemic era; (2) Medical education in the "new normal," and (3) the impact of COVID-19 on medical students. The online survey, developed by a team consisting of three medical students, three psychiatry residents, and three professors of psychiatry, was conducted on 574 participants (213 medical students, 180 graduates, and 181 professors) in the University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Read More

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Factors associated with pain intensity and magnitude of limitations among people with hip and knee arthritis.

J Orthop 2021 May-Jun;25:295-300. Epub 2021 May 21.

Dell Medical School, The University of Texas at Austin, 1501 Red River St, Austin, TX, 78712, United States.

Background: The pain and limitations associated with osteoarthritis of the hip and knee have a notable variation that does not correspond directly with pathophysiology. The purpose of this study is to assess the influence of location of the arthritis on pain intensity and magnitude of limitations accounting for personal and psychological factors.

Methods: One hundred and fifty four patients with osteoarthritis of the hip (41 patients) or the knee (113 patients) were enrolled in this prospective cross sectional cohort study. Read More

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Resilience mediates the effect of self-efficacy on symptoms of prenatal anxiety among pregnant women: a nationwide smartphone cross-sectional study in China.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Jun 17;21(1):430. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, China Medical University, No.77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China.

Background: Prenatal anxiety is one of the most prevalent mental disorders during pregnancy. This study assessed the prevalence of prenatal anxiety and examined whether resilience could play the mediating role in the association between self-efficacy and symptoms of prenatal anxiety among pregnant women in China.

Methods: A nationwide smartphone cross-sectional study was carried out in three cities (Shenyang of Liaoning Province, Zhengzhou of Henan Province and Chongqing Municipality) in China from July 2018 to July 2019. Read More

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