995,355 results match your criteria Gender Place and Culture [Journal]


Adverse events and their risk factors 90 days after cervical spine surgery: analysis from the Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative.

J Neurosurg Spine 2019 Feb 15:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Departments of1Neurosurgery.

OBJECTIVEThe Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MSSIC) is a statewide, multicenter quality improvement initiative. Using MSSIC data, the authors sought to identify 90-day adverse events and their associated risk factors (RFs) after cervical spine surgery.METHODSA total of 8236 cervical spine surgery cases were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.SPINE18666DOI Listing
February 2019

Exploring socio-economic inequalities in the use of medicines: is the relation mediated by health status?

Public Health 2019 Feb 13;169:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

LMU Munich, University Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Nußbaumstr. 7, 80336 Munich, Germany. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study evaluated mediating effects of the health status on the association between socio-economic status (SES) and medicine use. It was hypothesized that more privileged people show a reduced use of medicines, as compared with the underprivileged, because of their superior health status. It was further hypothesized that people may apply medication based on their type of health complaint (ill physical versus mental status). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2018.12.018DOI Listing
February 2019

Multiple dimensions of interoceptive awareness are associated with facets of body image in British adults.

Body Image 2019 Feb 13;29:6-16. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

School of Psychology and Sports Science, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK; Centre for Psychological Medicine, Perdana University, Serdang, Malaysia.

Previous research has identified a relationship between interoception and body image, where lower interoceptive awareness (IA) is associated with negative body image. However, relationships between facets of interoception and positive body image remain unexplored, and men and older adults remain underrepresented. To overcome these limitations, we assessed relationships between multiple dimensions of interoceptive awareness (IA) and multiple facets of body image in community adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Perpetration of sexual aggression among adolescents in South Africa.

J Adolesc 2019 Feb 13;72:32-36. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Alpert Medical School of Brown University; Providence/Boston Center for AIDS Research, USA.

Introduction: In South Africa, one in three men have reported perpetrating rape. Adolescence presents a unique developmental period for primary prevention of violence. However, few studies characterize the epidemiology of sexual violence among adolescents in South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Differences in the relation between temperament and vocabulary based on children's stuttering trajectories.

J Commun Disord 2019 Jan 25;78:57-68. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Vanderbilt University, 1215 21st Avenue South, Suite 8310 MCE South Tower, Nashville, TN 37232-8242, United States.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the relation between temperament and vocabulary development for children who stutter and persist, children who stutter and recover and children who do not stutter.

Methods: Participants, aged 3;0-4;11 at the start of the study, were followed for two years. They were classified as persisting (n = 10), recovered (n = 26), and non-stuttering (n = 24) based on multiple assessments of stuttering spaced across study participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomdis.2019.01.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Systematic review and neural network analysis to define predictive variables in implantable motor cortex stimulation to treat chronic intractable pain.

J Pain 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Unit of Functional Neurosurgery, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Implantable Motor Cortex Stimulation (iMCS) has been performed for over 25 years to treat various intractable pain syndromes. Its effectiveness shows to be highly variable and although various studies revealed predictive variables, none of these were found repeatedly. This study uses neural network analysis (NNA) to identify predictive factors of iMCS treatment of intractable pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Somatic symptoms in pediatric patients with chronic pain: Proposed clinical reference points for the Children's Somatic Symptoms Inventory (formerly Children's Somatization Inventory).

J Pain 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA.

Among youth with chroic pain, elevated somatic symptoms across multiple body systems have been associated with greater emotional distress and functional disability and could represent poor adaptation to pain. The Children's Somatic Symptoms Inventory (formerly the Children's Somatization Inventory) is commonly used to assess somatic symptoms in children. However, no studies have evaluated the clinical utility of the measure in the assessment of pediatric patients with chronic pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2019.02.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Increased cerebrospinal fluid neurofilament light chain in central nervous system inflammatory demyelinating disease.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2019 Feb 8;30:123-128. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Navy Clinical College, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, 230032 Anhui, China; Department of Neurology, The Sixth Medical Centre, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, 100048 China. Electronic address:

Background: Central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory demyelinating disease (IDD) is an immune-mediated disease that is pathologically characterized by demyelination and inflammatory infiltration in the CNS and includes clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), multiple sclerosis (MS), and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD). IDD is usually characterized by variable symptoms, multivariate imaging, uncertain reactions to treatment, and a variable prognosis, which makes it difficult to diagnose early. In recent years, the role of the neurofilament light chain (NFL), an axonal injury biomarker, in IDD has become increasingly important. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2019.02.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Intravaginal treatment with Marantodes Pumilum (Kacip Fatimah) ameliorates vaginal atrophy in rats with post-menopausal condition.

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Marantodes pumilum (MP) (Kacip Fatimah) is used to maintain the well-being of post-menopausal women. However, its role in ameliorating post menopause-related vaginal atrophy (VA) is unknown.

Aims: To investigate the ability of intravaginal MP gel treatment to ameliorate VA in sex-steroid deficient condition, mimicking post-menopause. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2019.02.027DOI Listing
February 2019

Human Papillomavirus Infection in Senegalese Female Sex Workers.

Papillomavirus Res 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Bacteriology-Virology Laboratory, CHU Aristide le Dantec, Dakar, Senegal.

Objectives: Several studies have documented the HPV genotypes in the Senegalese general population. The objective was to explore the HPV genotype distribution in Senegalese FSWs in order to assess the potential relevance of currently-available vaccines.

Methods: Vaginal swabs samples collected as part of the National Integrated Biological and Behavioral Survey in 14 regions throughout the country were randomly selected for HPV testing using bead-based multiplex genotyping (TS-MPG). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pvr.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Weight status moderates stress-eating in the absence of hunger associations in children.

Appetite 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Center for Human Growth and Development, 300 N. Ingalls Street, 10th Floor, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA; Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA; Department of Nutritional Sciences, 1415 Washington Heights, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.

Objective: The association between stress and eating remains unclear in children potentially due to factors that may moderate the association. We examined whether weight status or sex moderated associations between response to a stress induction and eating in the absence of hunger (EAH), among low-income children.

Method: Children (n = 223; M age = 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.02.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Adult sex ratio as an index for male strategy in primates.

Theor Popul Biol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.

The adult sex ratio (ASR) is defined as the number of fertile males divided by the number of fertile females in a population. We build an ODE model with minimal age structure, in which males compete for paternities using either a multiple-mating or searching-then-guarding strategy, to investigate the value of ASR as an index for predicting which strategy males will adopt, with a focus in our investigation on the differences of strategy choice between chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and human hunter-gatherers (Homo sapiens). Parameters in the model characterise aspects of life history and behaviour, and determine both dominant strategy and the ASR when the population is at or near equilibrium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tpb.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Hematology reference intervals for transgender adults on stable hormone therapy.

Clin Chim Acta 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Pathology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA, United States.

Background: The complete blood count (CBC) is a cornerstone of patient care. Several of the normal values for the components of the CBC differ by sex and, therefore, male-specific and female-specific reference intervals are required to interpret these laboratory results. Transgender individuals are often prescribed hormone therapy to affirm their gender, with resulting serum hormone concentrations similar to those of cisgender individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2019.02.011DOI Listing
February 2019

HTLV prevalence is no longer following the decreasing HIV prevalence - 20 years of retroviral surveillance in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa.

Acta Trop 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Bandim Health Project, Indepth Network, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau; Department of Clinical Immunology, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark.

Background: The HIV-2 and HTLV-1 prevalences in Bissau have followed similar trends in surveys from 1996 and 2006 with HTLV-1 prevalences of 3.6% and 2.3%, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2019.02.015DOI Listing
February 2019

Characterization of aspirin esterase activity in health and disease: in vitro and ex vivo studies.

Biochem Pharmacol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS, Milan, Italy.

Due to its ability to irreversibly inactivate platelet cyclooxygenase, low-dose aspirin (ASA) is the most widely used antithrombotic agent. Although, studies in specific types of patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) have shown an incomplete inhibition of platelet's cyclooxygenase, which may increase the variability in drug response. Some aspects of ASA pharmacokinetics (PK) still need further investigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bcp.2019.02.014DOI Listing
February 2019

Psychometric properties of the self-sufficiency matrix among homeless and vulnerably housed individuals and families.

J Community Psychol 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

DePaul University.

Homeless service systems have been implementing assessment tools to inform service provision for individuals and families. Although a variety of assessments are available, their psychometric evidence base is limited. The self-sufficiency matrix (SSM) is one assessment that demonstrates promising reliability and validity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22167DOI Listing
February 2019

Within-Couple Configuration of Gender-Related Attitudes and its Association with Marital Satisfaction in Chinese Marriage: A Dyadic, Pattern-Analytic Approach.

J Pers 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Human Development and Family Studies, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

Objective: This study seeks to understand the ways in which spouses' gender-related attitudes are configured within couples and how such configurations are linked to marital satisfaction in Chinese marriage.

Method: Latent profile analysis was conducted using dyadic data from a nationwide large sample of Chinese couples from the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) (N = 7,257 couples; M = 28.36, SD = 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12467DOI Listing
February 2019

Growth response of dental tissues to developmental stress in the domestic pig (Sus scrofa).

Am J Phys Anthropol 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent, Canterbury, United Kingdom.

Objectives: To compare relative response of enamel, dentin and bone to developmental stressors between attritional and catastrophic mortality assemblages of pigs.

Materials And Methods: Heads from 70 Sus scrofa of known sex, weight and age comprising an attritional sample of 50 sick pen (SP) pigs that died prematurely versus 20 control pigs slaughtered at 6 months (Catastrophic assemblage). Hard tissue changes (alveolar bone thinning), abnormal bone formation (Harris lines) and re-modeling (auditory bullae) were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23795DOI Listing
February 2019

Enrichment of CLDN18-ARHGAP fusion gene in gastric cancers in young adults.

Cancer Sci 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Division of Screening for Molecular Target of Cancer, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.

Gastric cancer in young adults has been pointed out to comprise a subgroup associated with distinctive clinicopathological features, including an equal gender distribution, advanced disease and diffuse-type histology. Comprehensive molecular analyses of gastric cancers have led to molecular-based classifications and to specific and effective treatment options available. The molecular traits of gastric cancers in young adults await investigations, which should provide a clue to explore therapeutic strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cas.13967DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluating the properties of a frailty index and its association with mortality risk among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.

Arthritis Rheumatol 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine and Department of Pathology, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Center and Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Objective: To evaluate the properties of a frailty index (FI), constructed using data from the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) inception cohort, as a novel health measure in SLE.

Methods: For this secondary analysis, the baseline visit was defined as the first study visit at which both organ damage (SLICC/ACR Damage Index [SDI]) and health-related quality of life (Short-Form 36 [SF-36]) were assessed. The SLICC-FI was constructed using baseline data. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/art.40859
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/art.40859DOI Listing
February 2019
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Comparisons of bone density and body composition among adolescents with anorexia nervosa and atypical anorexia nervosa.

Int J Eat Disord 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objective: To compare bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition among adolescents: (a) with atypical anorexia nervosa (AAN) versus anorexia nervosa (AN) and (b) those with and without a prior history of overweight.

Method: Electronic medical records of patients 9-20 years with AN or AAN who underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed.

Results: A total of 286 adolescents with AN or AAN were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23048DOI Listing
February 2019

Subtraction of Epstein-Barr virus and microsatellite instability genotypes from the Lauren histotypes: combined molecular and histologic subtyping with clinicopathological and prognostic significance validated in a cohort of 1,248 cases.

Int J Cancer 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Anatomic Pathology, Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Limited studies investigated clinicopathological and prognostic significance of histologic and molecular subgroups of gastric cancer concurrently. We retrospectively enrolled 1,248 patients with gastric cancer who received radical gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy and classified these cases into the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated and microsatellite instability (MSI)-associated subtypes by EBV-encoded small RNA in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical stains for DNA mismatch repair proteins, respectively. The remaining cases were categorized as the Lauren intestinal and diffuse/mixed subtypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.32215DOI Listing
February 2019

Association and gene-gene interaction analyses for polymorphic variants in CTLA-4 and FOXP3 genes: role in susceptibility to autoimmune thyroid disease.

Endocrine 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Genetics, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Purpose: Polymorphic variants of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) and forkhead box protein P3 (FOXP3) genes are implicated in dysregulated immune homeostasis and autoimmune disorders. We analyzed the association between CTLA-4 rs231775 and FOXP3 rs3761548, rs3761549 polymorphisms and predisposition to autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), inclusive of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and Graves' disease (GD) in South-Indian population.

Methods: A total of 355 AITD subjects (comprising 275 HT and 80 GD) and 285 randomly selected age- and sex-matched control subjects were genotyped for the aforementioned polymorphisms by PCR-RFLP method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12020-019-01859-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Variations in Gambling Disorder Symptomatology Across Sexual Identity Among College Student-Athletes.

J Gambl Stud 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, International Centre for Youth Gambling Problems and High-Risk Behaviors, McGill University, 3724 McTavish Street, Montreal, QC, H3A 1Y2, Canada.

Gambling disorder has serious negative consequences for individual health and wellbeing, while being more prevalent among college student-athletes compared to the general college population. While previous research reports that sexual minority (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10899-019-09838-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Prevalence and Correlates of Injecting with Visitors from the United States Among People Who Inject Drugs in Tijuana, Mexico.

J Immigr Minor Health 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC-0725, La Jolla, CA, 92093-0725, USA.

Cross-border infectious disease transmission is a concern related to drug tourism from the U.S. to Mexico. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-019-00868-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of a Short Message Service (SMS) Intervention on Reduction of HIV Risk Behaviours and Improving HIV Testing Rates Among Populations located near Roadside Wellness Clinics: A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

AIDS Behav 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Short Message Service (SMS) offers an innovative method of promoting sexual health to key and vulnerable populations who are users of mobile phones and are at high risk of HIV infection. This cluster randomised control trial tests the effectiveness of a SMS intervention in reducing HIV risk behaviours and improving HIV testing behaviours among truck drivers, sex workers and community residents located near Roadside Wellness Clinics (RWCs) in three southern African countries. The SMS arm received 35 HIV risk reduction and HIV testing SMSs over a 6-month period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02427-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Can feline (Felis catus) flat and long bone morphometry predict sex or skull shape?

Anat Sci Int 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Animal Bone and Joint Research Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50100, Thailand.

This study demonstrates sexual dimorphism in feline bones based on morphometric analysis of dried flat bones (scapula and os coxa) and long bones (humerus, radius, ulna, femur, tibia, and fibula) of 92 felines (50 male, 42 female). A total of 58 parameters (flat bones: scapula = 4 and os coxa = 7; long bones: humerus = 8, radius = 9, ulna = 10, femur = 9, tibia = 7, and fibula = 4) were measured using a digital vernier caliper. Twenty-three parameters were found to be significantly different between cats of different sexes and skull shapes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12565-019-00480-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Peer Acceptance and Sexual Behaviors from Adolescence to Young Adulthood.

J Youth Adolesc 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Connecticut, 348 Mansfield Road, U-1058, Storrs, CT, 06269, USA.

Well-liked adolescents are more likely than their peers to engage in sexual behaviors, which may place them at higher risk of negative outcomes such as sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancy. Yet, little is known regarding whether peer acceptance in adolescence predicts sexual outcomes in young adulthood. Understanding developmental links between peer acceptance and sexual outcomes will inform theories of how peers affect health and can help identify targets for health promotion efforts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-00991-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Pathologic findings of the removed stomach during sleeve gastrectomy.

Surg Endosc 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Bariatric Surgery, Orlando Regional Medical Center, Orlando Health, Orlando, FL, USA.

Background: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the preferred surgical intervention to treat morbid obesity. Despite the rising popularity of LSG, little is known on the histopathologic findings of the resected partial stomach specimens. Our study aims to identify prevalent pathologic findings of the removed stomach and explore the association between patient characteristics and abnormal findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-019-06689-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Temporal Stability of Sexual Excitation and Sexual Inhibition in Women.

Arch Sex Behav 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Mental Health Research and Treatment Center, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Massenbergstr. 9-13, 44787, Bochum, Germany.

The dual control model of sexual response proposes two factors, sexual excitation (SE) and sexual inhibition (SI), that aim to predict sexual behavior and response. While SE and SI are described as stable traits that influence sexuality-related outcomes such as sexual function or sexual risk taking, only a few studies have presented data on the stability of these factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the temporal stability of SE and SI, and to investigate whether changes in sexual function or partnership status influence SE and SI in a longitudinal sample of women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-018-1323-3DOI Listing
February 2019

A Longitudinal Examination of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Risky Sexual Behavior: Evaluating Emotion Dysregulation Dimensions as Mediators.

Arch Sex Behav 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Psychology, University of Toledo, Mail Stop 948, 2801 West Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH, 43606, USA.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been linked to a wide array of risky and health-compromising behaviors, including risky sexual behavior (RSB). Cross-sectional studies reveal positive associations between emotion dysregulation and both PTSD and RSB. This study extended that work by exploring whether intermediate levels of emotion dysregulation across multiple dimensions account for the relation between baseline PTSD symptoms and RSB (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-019-1392-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Surgical management and prognostic factors in esophageal perforation caused by foreign body.

Esophagus 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, 180 Fenglin Road, Shanghai, 200032, China.

Objectives: Esophageal perforation is associated with multiple serious complications and high mortality. Herein, we identify some predictors for postoperative outcomes, compare the outcomes of various surgical approaches, and summarize our experience with esophageal perforation over the past 13 years.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 38 patients diagnosed with esophageal perforation caused by foreign body between November 2004 and May 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10388-018-0652-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Ticks (Acari: Ixodida) on birds (Aves) migrating through the Polish Baltic coast.

Exp Appl Acarol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Zielona Góra, Prof. Z. Szafrana Str. 1, 65-516, Zielona Góra, Poland.

Seasonal bird (Aves) migration between breeding and wintering areas, often located on different continents, can facilitate the spreading of tick species (Acari: Ixodida) and of tick-borne pathogens. The aim of the study was to analyse the occurrence of ticks dispersed by birds migrating along the Polish Baltic coast during spring and autumn migration. Field research was conducted at the bird ringing station in Wicie, located on the middle of the Polish Baltic coast, in 2011 and 2012 during spring and autumn migration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10493-019-00341-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Determinants of disease severity among patients with atopic dermatitis: association with components of the atopic march.

Arch Dermatol Res 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Dermato-venereology, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

We aimed to explore the association of key clinical characteristics with disease severity in atopic dermatitis (AD) and its relation to components of the atopic march in a large hospital cohort. Outpatients with AD referred to the Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark, between January 2012 and December 2017, were compared based on disease severity (SCORAD); mild (< 25), moderate (25-50) and severe (> 50). A total of 470 AD patients were included: 122 small children (< 4 years of age), 103 children/adolescents (age 4-15 years) and 245 adults (> 15 years of age). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00403-019-01895-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Radiomics in multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder.

Eur Radiol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Radiology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To develop and validate an individual radiomics nomogram for differential diagnosis between multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD).

Methods: We retrospectively collected 67 MS and 68 NMOSD with spinal cord lesions as a primary cohort and prospectively recruited 28 MS and 26 NMOSD patients as a validation cohort. Radiomic features were extracted from the spinal cord lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-019-06026-wDOI Listing
February 2019

Sexual and ethnic polymorphism render prosthetic overhang and under-coverage inevitable using off-the shelf TKA implants.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Laboratoire AMIS, UMR 5288 CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France.

Purpose: Unexplained pain and stiffness after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) often result from mismatch between implant geometry and knee morphology, which depends on patient size, sex, and ethnicity. This study aimed to determine whether size, sex, or ethnicity are independently associated with distal femoral morphology in healthy Caucasian and Asian knees, and to compare anatomic ratios to those of commercially available TKA implants.

Methods: Two series of computed tomography (CT) angiograms from France (264 knees) and China (259 knees) were used to digitize osteometric landmarks at the level of the femoral epicondyles, to measure anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML) dimensions at the anterior, posterior, medial, and lateral zones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-019-05410-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Targeting angiogenesis in Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Cell Mol Life Sci 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7, 30-387, Kraków, Poland.

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) represents one of the most devastating types of muscular dystrophies which affect boys already at early childhood. Despite the fact that the primary cause of the disease, namely the lack of functional dystrophin is known already for more than 30 years, DMD still remains an incurable disease. Thus, an enormous effort has been made during recent years to reveal novel mechanisms that could provide therapeutic targets for DMD, especially because glucocorticoids treatment acts mostly symptomatic and exerts many side effects, whereas the effectiveness of genetic approaches aiming at the restoration of functional dystrophin is under the constant debate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00018-019-03006-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Arterial Stiffness and Its Relationship to Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Children and Young Adults with a Fontan Circulation.

Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Child Development and Exercise Center, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, P.O. Box 85090, 3508 AB, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

There are no previous studies on arterial stiffness and its associations with cardiorespiratory fitness in young Fontan patients. Therefore, we examined the arterial stiffness and its relationship to cardiorespiratory fitness in children and young adults with a Fontan circulation. Altogether, 17 Fontan patients and 26 healthy controls (16 females and 27 males aged 8-40 years) participated in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-019-02065-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Indirect Effect of Elevated CO2 on Population Parameters and Growth of Agasicles hygrophila (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a Biocontrol Agent of Alligatorweed (Amaranthaceae).

J Econ Entomol 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

State Key Laboratory of Ecological Pest Control for Fujian and Taiwan Crops, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, China.

Alligatorweed, Alternanthera philoxeroide (Mart.) Griseb. (Amaranthaceae) is an invasive weed in China that is often kept under control by the alligatorweed flea beetle, Agasicles hygrophila Selman and Vogt (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) introduced into China from Argentina in the 1980s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jee/toz015DOI Listing
February 2019

Placental findings among newborns with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.

J Perinatol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, Providence, RI, USA.

Objective: To determine if pre-specified placental abnormalities among newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) differ compared to newborns admitted to a NICU without encephalopathy.

Study Design: Retrospective case-control study of newborns with HIE (2006-2014) and controls matched for birth year, gestational age, weight, and gender. One pathologist reviewed archived placental sections using pre-specified criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41372-019-0334-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Single gametophyte sequencing reveals that crossover events differ between sexes in maize.

Nat Commun 2019 Feb 15;10(1):785. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

Meiotic crossover (CO) plays a key role in producing gametophytes and generating genetic variation. The patterns of CO production differ inter- and intra-species, as well as between sexes. However, sex-specific patterns of CO production have not been accurately profiled independently of genetic backgrounds in maize. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-08786-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Health-related quality of life in systemic sclerosis compared with other rheumatic diseases: a cross-sectional study.

Arthritis Res Ther 2019 Feb 15;21(1):61. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea.

Background: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by fibrosis of the skin and the involvement of multiple internal organs. Previous studies reported poorer health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with SSc compared with the general population. However, very little is known about how HRQoL in SSc patients compares with that in patients with other systemic autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and Sjogren's syndrome (SjS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13075-019-1842-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Do cardiovascular disease prevention programs in northern Sweden impact on population health? An interrupted time series analysis.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 15;19(1):202. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, SE-901 87, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in Sweden. This study aims to assess the impact of a CVD intervention implemented in 1993 in northern Sweden on the reduction of premature ischemic heart disease (IHD) morbidity and mortality in women and men during the period 1987-2013.

Methods: An ecological controlled interrupted time series design, with pre-intervention period defined as 1987-1993 and post-intervention period 1994-2013 was carried out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6514-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Tracking of fruit, vegetables and unhealthy snacks consumption from childhood to adulthood (15 year period): does exposure to a free school fruit programme modify the observed tracking?

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2019 Feb 15;16(1):22. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.

Background: The rationale for promoting increased consumption of fruit and vegetables (FV) at an early age is based on results from previous tracking-studies, indicating that dietary habits learned in childhood sustain into adulthood. Previous tracking studies have several limitations (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12966-019-0783-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Inequalities in the prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension among Bangladeshi adults: evidence from a nationwide survey.

Int J Equity Health 2019 Feb 15;18(1):33. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland, Indooroopilly, 4068, Queensland, Australia.

Background: In recent years, developing countries like Bangladesh are facing a higher burden of non-communicable diseases such as hypertension as a result of demographic transition. Prevalence of hypertension is often studied in this setting. However, evidence on undiagnosed hypertension is not widely available in the existing literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12939-019-0930-5DOI Listing
February 2019

A superiority of viral load over CD4 cell count when predicting mortality in HIV patients on therapy.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Feb 15;19(1):169. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Mathematical Statistics and Actuarial Sciences, University of the Free State, Box 339, Bloemfontein, 9300, South Africa.

Background: CD4 cell count has been identified to be an essential component in monitoring HIV treatment outcome. However, CD4 cell count monitoring sometimes fails to predict virological failure resulting in unnecessary switch of treatment lines which causes drug resistance and limitations of treatment options. This study assesses the use of both viral load (HIV RNA) and CD4 cell count in the monitoring of HIV/AIDS progression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3781-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Polygenic and sex specific architecture for two maturation traits in farmed Atlantic salmon.

BMC Genomics 2019 Feb 15;20(1):139. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Agriculture and Food, Queensland Bioscience Precinct, St Lucia Brisbane, 4067, Australia.

Background: A key developmental transformation in the life of all vertebrates is the transition to sexual maturity, whereby individuals are capable of reproducing for the first time. In the farming of Atlantic salmon, early maturation prior to harvest size has serious negative production impacts.

Results: We report genome wide association studies (GWAS) using fish measured for sexual maturation in freshwater or the marine environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-019-5525-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Performance Characteristics and Clinical Value of the Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 by an Enzymatic Kinetic Method.

Authors:
Mengli Lu Liying Lv

Lab Med 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Clinical Laboratory, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To analyze the performance characteristics, stability, and clinical value of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) using an enzymatic kinetic method.

Methods: The performance characteristics included reference intervals, precision, and accuracy. We assessed Lp-PLA2 stability by comparing Lp-PLA2 changes under different conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/labmed/lmy086DOI Listing
February 2019

Molecular epidemiology of acute HCV infection in HIV-positive patients from Hong Kong, Taipei, Tokyo.

Liver Int 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.

Background: Acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections have been increasingly reported among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Asia-Pacific region. It remains unknown whether international network of HCV transmission has occurred in this region.

Methods: HIV-positive patients with acute HCV infection, defined as HCV seroconversion within a year or documented acute hepatitis with seroconversion, diagnosed in Hong Kong, Taipei, and Tokyo during 2010-2016 were included in this molecular epidemiology study. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/liv.14073
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/liv.14073DOI Listing
February 2019
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