983,733 results match your criteria Gender Medicine[Journal]
Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):627-633. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Neurology, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, The State University of New York, Buffalo, New York.
Headache is a neurologic disorder that displays gender dichotomy. It is well established that there is a strong link between migraine headache and sex hormones, specifically estrogen, which influences the severity of migraines during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause. Furthermore, the epidemiology of headaches during pregnancy and the postpartum period is very distinct from that in males or nonpregnant females, in part due to the hemodynamic and hematologic changes that occur during pregnancy. Read More
Addict Behav 2018 Nov 23;90:362-368. Epub 2018 Nov 23.
Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Camden 311 North 5th Street, Camden NJ 08102, United States. Electronic address:
Previous research has demonstrated that caffeinated beverage consumption predicts alcohol consumption among early adolescents. This study aimed to investigate this association in two ways: (1) by examining if this association remained significant once other established risk factors for alcohol were adjusted for statistically; and (2) by considering three possible moderators of this association: gender, sensation-seeking, and parental monitoring. Data from the Camden Youth Development Study, a longitudinal, community-based study of middle-school students, were used. Read More
Drug Alcohol Depend 2018 Dec 3;194:482-486. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Academic Affairs, Baystate Medical Center, 3601 Main St., Springfield, MA 01199, United States. Electronic address:
Background: Criminal justice involved (CJS) populations with opioid use disorder (OUD) have high rates of relapse, future arrests, and death upon release. While medication for OUD (MOUD) reduces opioid relapse, concerns regarding diversion and stigma limit treatment in CJS populations. Extended release naltrexone (XR-NTX), as an opioid antagonist, may be more acceptable to CJS administrators. Read More
Asian J Psychiatr 2018 Nov 27;39:32-34. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Psychiatry, Hotel Dieu de France Hospital, Achrafieh, Lebanon.
Purpose: the study aims to assess the depressive symptoms, the disgust feeling and the impulsivity index in subjects showing a high risk of binge eating disorder (BED) and/or bulimia nervosa (BN) through a cross-sectional study of 150 participants.
Results: There was no significant difference regarding age, sex, employment and marital status between subjects at high risk for BED/BN (Group A) and controls (Group B). However, participants in group A presented higher scores of depressions (p = 0. Read More
Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 30;54:31-36. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Trabzon Kanuni Education and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey.
Purpose: To investigate the relationship between gastric wall fat halo sign and visceral obesity with potentially associated diseases.
Materials And Methods: Between September 2015 and April 2017, 90 patients with gastric wall fat halo signs and 130 controls were prospectively evaluated. Patient height, weight, body mass index (BMI), sex, age, subcutaneous fat area (SFA), visceral fat area (VFA), total fat area (TFA), percentage of visceral fat (VF%) and the presence of colic or ileal fat halo signs, hepatic steatosis and aortic calcified plaques were recorded for the two groups. Read More
Neurosci Lett 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Neurology, Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University, Jing Wu Road, Huaiyin District, Jinan, 250021, Shandong, China. Electronic address:
Objective: Autoimmune encephalitis (AIE) is a group of inflammatory disorders of the brain. The severity of AIE vary among individuals and it is always a challenge to predict. In this study, we measured the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), a novel potential biomarker of inflammatory status in other inflammatory diseases, in AIE patients and evaluated NLR as a biomarker for monitoring AIE progression. Read More
Int J Infect Dis 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
Introduction: Anthrax is caused by the spore-forming, Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus anthracis. The aim of the study was to predict the potential distribution of B. anthracis in Tanzania and produce epidemiological evidence for management of anthrax outbreaks in the country. Read More
Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Biology and Integrated Bioscience Program, The University of Akron, Akron, OH, 44325, United States; Department of Biological Sciences, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, 79968, United States.
This study tested the hypotheses that maternal and paternal effects differentially influence expression of their offspring's adult behavior and underlying neural mechanisms. We predicted that maternal influences would be greater than paternal influences on male offspring. We tested these hypotheses by cross-breeding two phenotypically-, behaviorally- and neuroanatomically-distinct populations of prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster) from Illinois, which are highly prosocial, and Kansas, which are significantly less prosocial. Read More
Gene 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Unidad de Investigación Médica en Trombosis, Hemostasia y Aterogénesis, H.G.R. No 1. Dr. "Carlos Mac Gregor Sánchez Navarro" Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Gabriel Mancera No. 222, Colonia Del Valle, CP 03100 Ciudad de México, Mexico.
Objective: The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a hormonal signaling mechanism implicated in the atherosclerosis and regulation of blood pressure. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) a key enzyme in the RAS, plays important roles in vascular remodeling atherosclerosis, and ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to examine the possible contribution of the I/D in the ACE gene, M235T and T174M in the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene polymorphisms with ischemic stroke in young Mexican population. Read More
Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, United States of America; Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, United States of America.
Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drugs and the changing legal, political and cultural climate will likely increase cannabis use further. One factor that may underlie the transition from recreational use to problematic use is stress. The hormone oxytocin (OXT) modulates stress and may have therapeutic efficacy for substance use disorders, but few studies have examined OXT in cannabis users. Read More
Prev Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, United States of America.
Complex interrelationships between race, sex, obesity and depression have been well-documented. Because of differences in associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and health by race, determining the role of SES may help to further explicate these relationships. The aim of this study was to determine how race and income interact with obesity on depression. Read More
Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):140-144
Módulo de Cirugía de Hombro y Codo, Hospital General Xoco. Av. México Coyoacán S/N, Col. General Anaya, Deleg. Benito Juárez, CP 03340, Ciudad de México, México.
Background: Fractures of the lateral third of the clavicle represent 18% of all clavicle fractures. Even though non-displaced fractures can be managed conservatively, displaced fractures have a non-union percentage of 30%. Multiple approaches have been proposed to manage the displaced fractures. Read More
Head Neck 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of Head and Neck Oncologic and Endocrine Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.
Background: This study examines the effect of insurance status (as a measure of socioeconomic status) on patient with benign thyroid disease.
Methods: A retrospective review was performed among 60 patients undergoing total thyroidectomy for benign thyroid disease. Univariate and multivariable analyses examined the relationship between insurance status and thyroid volume (sum of the left and right lobe volumes). Read More
PLoS Pathog 2018 Dec 6;14(12):e1007409. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America.
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208916. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, Brazil.
The aim of this study was to identify the levels of physical activity and sedentary behaviour of children and adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCA) compared to healthy individuals. A cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach was performed at a reference center for the treatment of patients with hemoglobinopathies in northeastern Brazil. Patients were recruited between October 2015 and January 2017. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208702. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
IPEM, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
The use of music and specifically tempo-matched music has been shown to affect running performance. But can we maximize the synchronization of movements to music and does maximum synchronization influence kinematics and motivation? In this study, we explore the effect of different types of music-to-movement alignment strategies on phase coherence, cadence and motivation. These strategies were compared to a control condition where the music tempo was deliberately not aligned to the running cadence. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208575. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
Background: A key mechanism thought to underlie Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is enhanced emotional memory consolidation. Recent evidence in healthy controls revealed that women have greater negative memory consolidation following stress relative to men. This study examined emotional memory consolidation in women and men with PTSD, and in trauma-exposed and non-trauma controls to test the hypothesis that emotionally negative memory consolidation would be greater in women with PTSD. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208495. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Respirology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.
Background: Re-biopsy by bronchoscopy is an important part of treatment for patients with relapsed lung cancer; however, some patients refuse to undergo a re-examination due to discomfort during their first bronchoscopy. The aim of the present study was to determine factors causing discomfort during bronchoscopy and to identify the factors that affect patients' reluctance to undergo repeat examinations via a questionnaire administered immediately after the initial bronchoscopy.
Methods And Findings: We evaluated 283 patients who underwent bronchoscopy at Chiba University Hospital between September 2015 and March 2017. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208524. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Psychology, Concordia University, Montréal, Québec, Canada.
The current research explored toddlers' gaze fixation during a scene showing a person expressing sadness after a ball is stolen from her. The relation between the duration of gaze fixation on different parts of the person's sad face (e.g. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208398. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Neuroepidemiology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Stroke is a serious threat to human health that often leads to severe complications, and currently ranks first as leading cause of death in China. However, reliable data on stroke burden in China in the 21st century are lacking. We used the data from NESS-China (National Epidemiological Survey of Stroke in China) for assessing the adverse health effects of stroke in Chinese population. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208091. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Université Paris-Saclay, Univ. Paris-Sud, UVSQ, CESP, INSERM, Villejuif, France.
Background: Short versions of the European Health Literacy Survey (HLS-EU) questionnaire are increasingly used to measure and compare health literacy (HL) in populations worldwide. As no validated versions of these questionnaires have thus far appeared in French, this study aimed to study the psychometric properties of the French translation of the 16- and 6-item short versions (HLS-EU-Q16 and HLS-EU-Q6), including their measurement invariance across sex, age, and education level.
Methods: A consensual French version of the HLS-EU-Q16 and HLS-EU-Q6 was developed by following the current recommendations for transcultural questionnaire adaptation. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207571. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Wellcome Trust Brighton & Sussex Centre for Global Health Research, Brighton & Sussex Medical School, Falmer, Brighton, United Kingdom.
Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a serious, preventable public health problem that affects millions of people worldwide. Research indicates that adults suffering from long term, disabling conditions are more likely to be victims of IPV due to the intersection of disease-associated stigma and discrimination. IPV in turn is known to worsen the overall health and wellbeing of those affected by it. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207392. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Sanbo Brain Institute, Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
Background: Insomnia is one of the main symptoms of sleep disorders. Previous studies have suggested that alcohol intake is associated with several adverse health outcomes. The association between alcohol consumption and insomnia has been addressed in several studies with different results. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207843. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hwaseong, Korea.
Aims: To investigate associations of glomerular hyperfiltration with other metabolic factors in a nationally representative dataset.
Methods: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 15,918 subjects with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >60 ml/min/1.73 m2 and urine albumin creation ratio (ACR) <30 mg/g, who participated in the 5th and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0202622. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Center for Infectious Disease and Cancer Research, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
Men who have sex with men (MSM) is the major risk population of HIV-1 infection in Taiwan, and its surveillance has become critical in HIV-1 prevention. We recruited MSM subjects from 17 high-risk venues and 4 community centers in northern and southern Taiwan for anonymous HIV-1 screening during 2013-2015. Blood samples were obtained for genotyping and phylogenetic analysis, and a questionnaire survey covering demographic variables and social behavior was conducted. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207120. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Pfizer Inc, New York, New York, United States of America.
Prior work applied hierarchical clustering, coarsened exact matching (CEM), time series regressions with lagged variables as inputs, and microsimulation to data from three randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and a large German observational study (OS) to predict pregabalin pain reduction outcomes for patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Here, data were added from six RCTs to reduce covariate bias of the same OS and improve accuracy and/or increase the variety of patients for pain response prediction. Using hierarchical cluster analysis and CEM, a matched dataset was created from the OS (N = 2642) and nine total RCTs (N = 1320). Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0206074. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
United States Agency for International Development, Washington, DC, United States of America.
The Tathmini GBV study was a cluster randomized trial to assess the impact of a comprehensive health facility- and community-based program delivered through the HIV/AIDS program platform on reduction in gender-based violence and improved care for survivors. Twelve health facilities and surrounding communities in the Mbeya Region of Tanzania were randomly assigned to intervention or control arms. Population-level effects were measured through two cross-sectional household surveys of women ages 15-49, at baseline (n = 1,299) and at 28 months following program scale-out (n = 1,250). Read More
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Dec 7;67(48):1333-1338. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC.
Uterine cancer is one of the few cancers with increasing incidence and mortality in the United States, reflecting, in part, increases in the prevalence of overweight and obesity since the 1980s (1). It is the fourth most common cancer diagnosed and the seventh most common cause of cancer death among U.S. Read More
Nucl Med Commun 2019 Jan;40(1):3-7
Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton.
Aim: To compare weight, lean body mass and body surface area for calculation of standardised uptake value (SUV) in fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/computed tomography, taking sex into account.
Patients And Methods: This was a retrospective study of 161 (97 men) patients. Maximum standardised uptake value (SUVmax) and mean standardised uptake value (SUVmean) were obtained from a 3-cm region of interest over the right lobe of the liver and scaled to weight, scaled to lean body mass (SUL) and scaled to body surface area (SUA). Read More
Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):641-647. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of Pathology. Centro Hospitalar São João. Porto. Unit of Pathology and Oncology. Department of Pathology. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade do Porto. Porto. Portugal.
Introduction: Salivary gland tumors include a wide spectrum of histological subtypes and clinical behavior, which we aim to evaluate.
Material And Methods: We performed a retrospective study of all salivary gland tumors diagnosed and treated at the Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, between 2005 and 2015. Histological re- evaluation was performed in all cases and patient files were reviewed and both clinical and follow-up data were collected. Read More
Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):495-500
Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Objectives: To describe the patterns of alcohol use in James Bond movies over six decades.
Design: Film content analysis.
Setting: Wide range of international locations in 24 James Bond movies (Eon Productions series, 1962-2015). Read More
FASEB J 2018 Dec 6:fj201802037R. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.
The placenta plays a pivotal role in the development of the fetal brain and also influences maternal brain function, but our understanding of communication between the placenta and brain remains limited. Using a gene expression and network analysis approach, we provide evidence that the placenta transcriptome is tightly interconnected with the maternal brain and fetal brain in d 15 pregnant C57BL/6J mice. Activation of serotonergic synapse signaling and inhibition of neurotrophin signaling were identified as potential mediators of crosstalk between the placenta and maternal brain and fetal brain, respectively. Read More
Oral Dis 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Oral and Dental Disease Research Center, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Objectives: Galectin-3, a member of beta-galactoside-binding proteins, can be found in cytoplasm and nucleus as well as extracellularly in various tissues and involved in many physiological and pathological processes. We aimed to measure the serum levels of galectin-3 in oral lichen planus (OLP) disease and compare the result with that observed in healthy ones.
Materials And Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the serum levels of galectin-3 were measured in 56 healthy individuals and 53 pathologically proven OLP patients including those with atrophic/erosive (33 cases) or reticular (20 cases) lesions, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Read More
J Intern Med 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of Surgery & Interventional Science, University College London, London, UK.
Background: A lack of consensus exists among national guidelines regarding who should be investigated for haematuria. Type of haematuria and age specific thresholds are frequently used to guide referral for investigation of haematuria.
Objectives: To develop and externally validate the haematuria cancer risk score (HCRS) to improve patient selection for investigation of haematuria. Read More
Cancer 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Oncology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee.
Background: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare myeloid neoplasm characterized by the presence of abnormal CD1a-positive (CD1a )/CD207 histiocytes. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) represents a spectrum of hyperinflammatory syndromes typified by the dysregulated activation of the innate and adaptive immune systems. Patients with LCH, particularly those with multisystem (MS) involvement, can develop severe hyperinflammation mimicking that observed in HLH. Read More
Int J Cancer 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy.
Diets rich in vegetables and fruit have been associated with reduced risk of gastric cancer, and there is suggestive evidence that citrus fruits have a protective role. This study aimed at evaluating and quantifying the association between citrus fruit consumption and gastric cancer risk. We conducted a one-stage pooled analysis including 6340 cases and 14,490 controls from 15 case-control studies from the Stomach cancer Pooling (StoP) Project consortium. Read More
Cancer 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of sex and race/ethnicity upon prevalence trends of human papillomavirus (HPV) in oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) and survival after OPC.
Method: This was a cohort study of patients included in the United States National Cancer Database who had been diagnosed with OPC between 2010 and 2015. Outcomes were HPV status of tumor specimens and overall survival. Read More
J Anim Ecol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Biology, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, USA.
1.Oxidative stress is a potential cost of reproduction, but conclusive evidence for this relationship is lacking. The goal of this study was to serially assess across a seasonal gradient the relationship between reproduction, circulating plasma energy metabolites, and oxidative state. Read More
Evolution 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Biology, St. Olaf College, 1520 St. Olaf Ave., Northfield, MN, 55057.
Spatial structure has been shown to favor female-biased sex allocation, but current theory fails to explain male biases seen in many taxa, particularly those with environmental sex determination (ESD). We present a theory and accompanying individual-based simulation model that demonstrates how population structure leads to male-biased population sex ratios under ESD. Our simulations agree with earlier work showing that the high productivity of female-producing habitats creates a net influx of sex-determining alleles into male-producing habitats, causing larger sex ratio biases and lower productivity in male-producing environments (Harts et al. Read More
Sleep 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Center for Genomic Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA USA.
Study Objectives: We aimed to detect cross-sectional phenotype and polygenic risk score (PRS) associations between sleep duration and prevalent diseases using the Partners Biobank, a hospital-based cohort study linking electronic medical record (EMR) with genetic information.
Methods: Disease prevalence was determined from EMR, and sleep duration was self-reported. A PRS for sleep duration was derived using 78 previously associated SNPs from GWAS for self-reported sleep duration. Read More
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone-metabolic Research Unit, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen Denmark.
Context And Objective: Being born small or large for gestational age and intrauterine exposure to gestational diabetes (GDM) increase the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in the offspring, however, the potential combined deleterious effects of size at birth and GDM exposure remains unknown. We aimed to examine the independent effect of size at birth as well as the influence of GDM exposure in utero on cardio-metabolic traits, body composition, and puberty status in children.
Design, Participants And Methods: This study is a longitudinal birth cohort study. Read More
Rheumatology (Oxford) 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Rheumatology, Endocrinology and Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.
Objectives: Idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ION) is a common complication of SLE associated with CS therapy. Although the pathogenesis of ION involves local bone ischaemia favoured by thrombophilia, the involvement of aPL in lupus ION remains to be elucidated. We have previously reported the aPL score (aPL-S) as a quantitative marker of aPL and the development of thrombotic events in autoimmune diseases. Read More
Nephrol Dial Transplant 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
National Clinical Research Center of Kidney Diseases, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, China.
Background: Recent data suggest that miR-196a is predominantly expressed in the kidney and plays an inhibitory role in the progress of renal interstitial fibrosis (IF). However, the predictive value of miR-196a in diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains unknown. We validated the role of urinary miR-196a in the progression of renal injury in a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Read More
JAMA Oncol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York.
Importance: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, including the estrogen receptor (ER)-positive subtype in postmenopausal women. Whether excess adiposity is associated with increased risk in women with a normal body mass index (BMI; calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) is unknown.
Objective: To investigate the association between body fat and breast cancer risk in women with normal BMI. Read More
Clin Infect Dis 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Université de Lomé, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Département de Santé Publique, Lomé, Togo.
Background: Sub-Saharan Africa is a region of both high HIV and anal cancer incidence. We conducted the first national study in Togo to assess HPV, HIV and other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) prevalence among Men having Sex with Men (MSM).
Methods: A multicentric cross-sectional study was conducted among MSM recruited in four Togolese cities based on the respondent-driven sampling method. Read More
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Molecular Thyroid Research Laboratory, Johannes Gutenberg University (JGU) Medical Center, Mainz, Germany.
Context: The Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) strongly contributes to the development of polyglandular autoimmunity (PGA).
Objective: To evaluate the impact of gender on human leukocyte antigen (HLA) association with PGA for the first time.
Design: Cross-sectional immunogenetic study. Read More
Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada.
Objective: Typical executive functioning (EF) measurements do not reflect the complexity of daily life. We derived an executive behavior screener from the BASC-2-PRS-A using a previously derived four-component model of EF and provided support for the use of the screener in adolescent populations.
Methods: A total of 2,722 census-matched American adolescents were sampled. Read More
JAMA Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Francis I. Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco.
Importance: Uveitis involves dysregulation of the ocular immune system. Stress has been shown to affect immune function, but it is unclear whether there is an association between stress and uveitis.
Objective: To determine whether having uveitis is associated with psychological stress. Read More
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Irving Medical Center, Columbia University, New York.
Importance: Age-related hearing loss is highly prevalent and has recently been associated with numerous morbid conditions of aging. Late-life depression is also prevalent and can be resistant to available treatments. Preliminary studies examining the association between hearing loss and late-life depression have been limited by subjective hearing measures, small sample sizes, and primarily white populations. Read More