76 results match your criteria Gatroenterology

Label-free Assessment of the Nascent State of Rat Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Using Spontaneous Raman Microscopy.

Acta Histochem Cytochem 2022 Apr 22;55(2):57-66. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Pathology and Cell Regulation, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, 465 Kajii-cho Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan.

Spontaneous Raman microscopy, which can detect molecular vibrations in cells and tissues, could be a useful tool for the label-free assessment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, it is unclear whether it can be used to evaluate the nascent state of NAFLD. To address this, we analyzed the Raman spectra of rat liver tissues in the nascent state of NAFLD upon excitation at 532 nm. Read More

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Western Honduras Copán Population-Based Cancer Registry: Initial Estimates and a Model for Rural Central America.

JCO Glob Oncol 2021 12;7:1694-1702

Western Honduras Gastric Cancer Prevention Initiative, Hospital de Occidente, Santa Rosa de Copán, Honduras.

Purpose: Population-based cancer registries (PBCRs) are critical for national cancer control planning, yet few low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have quality PBCRs. The Central America Four region represents the principal LMIC region in the Western hemisphere. We describe the establishment of a PBCR in rural Western Honduras with first estimates for the 2013-2017 period. Read More

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December 2021

Poorly Cohesive Carcinoma of the Nonampullary Small Intestine: A Distinct Histologic Subtype With Prognostic Significance.

Am J Surg Pathol 2022 04;46(4):498-508

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pavia and Fondazione IRCCS San Matteo Hospital.

Poorly cohesive carcinomas (PCCs) are neoplasms characterized by a dyshesive cell invasion pattern featuring single-cell or cord-like stromal infiltration. Although they have been extensively studied in the stomach and other digestive system organs, limited data regarding nonampullary small bowel poorly cohesive carcinomas (SB-PCCs) are hitherto available. The aims of our study were to analyze the clinicopathologic and immunophenotypical features of SB-PCCs (PCC pattern accounting for >50% of the neoplasm) and to compare them with small bowel adenocarcinomas (SBAs), not otherwise specified (SBAs-NOS) and with cancers with a histologically distinct PCC component accounting for 10% to 50% of the neoplasm (mixed-poorly-cohesive-glandular-SBAs). Read More

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Left renal vein compression complicating intragastric balloon insertion.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Nov 20;16(11):3589-3592. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Gatroenterology, Avicenne Military Hospital, Marrakech, Morocco.

Obesity is a real public health problem and is of growing concern. People are resorting to surgical or endoscopic means to fight against overweight and obesity. In recent years, there has been a marked increase in the use of these means and in particular the insertion of a gastric balloon which seems to present less risk than surgical methods. Read More

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November 2021

Automatic Detection of Colorectal Polyps Using Transfer Learning.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Aug 24;21(17). Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Department of Surgery, 3-rd Surgery Clinic, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 400349 Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death and ranks third worldwide in diagnosed malignant pathologies (1.36 million new cases annually). An increase in the diversity of treatment options as well as a rising population require novel diagnostic tools. Read More

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Performance of the model for end-stage liver disease score for mortality prediction and the potential role of etiology.

J Hepatol 2021 12 30;75(6):1355-1366. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Gastroenterology Unit, ASL Latina, Department of Translational and Precision Medicine, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Italy.

Background & Aims: Although the discriminative ability of the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score is generally considered acceptable, its calibration is still unclear. In a validation study, we assessed the discriminative performance and calibration of 3 versions of the model: original MELD-TIPS, used to predict survival after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS); classic MELD-Mayo; and MELD-UNOS, used by the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS). We also explored recalibrating and updating the model. Read More

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December 2021

Biliary Fascioliasis: A Scare During Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography.

ACG Case Rep J 2021 Jul 21;8(7):e00630. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Gastroenterology Department, School of Medicine, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil.

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Rapid resolution of COVID-19 after faecal microbiota transplantation.

Gut 2022 Jan 6;71(1):230-232. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Hematology, Transplantation and Internal Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland.

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January 2022

Endoscopic full-thickness plication for the treatment of PPI-dependent GERD: results from a randomised, sham controlled trial.

Gut 2022 04 13;71(4):686-694. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Asian Healthcare Foundation, Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Background: The majority of endoscopic antireflux procedures for GERD are cumbersome to use and randomised long-term data are sparse. We conducted such a trial to determine the efficacy and safety of a novel, easy to use endoscopic full-thickness fundoplication (EFTP) device in patients with GERD.

Design: Patients with proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-dependent GERD were randomised to either EFTP or a sham procedure in 1:1 ratio. Read More

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Artificial Intelligence in Colorectal Cancer Diagnosis Using Clinical Data: Non-Invasive Approach.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Mar 14;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Department of Surgery, 3-rd Surgery Clinic, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 400000 Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Colorectal cancer is the third most common and second most lethal tumor globally, causing 900,000 deaths annually. In this research, a computer aided diagnosis system was designed that detects colorectal cancer, using an innovative dataset composing of both numeric (blood and urine analysis) and qualitative data (living environment of the patient, tumor position, T, N, M, Dukes classification, associated pathology, technical approach, complications, incidents, ultrasonography-dimensions as well as localization). The intelligent computer aided colorectal cancer diagnosis system was designed using different machine learning techniques, such as classification and shallow and deep neural networks. Read More

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Increased incidence of coeliac disease autoimmunity rate in Israel: a 9-year analysis of population-based data.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2021 03 5;53(6):696-703. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Maccabi Institute for Research & Innovation, Maccabi Healthcare Services, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Incidence rate and temporal trends in coeliac disease and coeliac disease autoimmunity incidence vary worldwide with most data available from North American and European countries.

Aims: To explore temporal trends in incidence of coeliac disease autoimmunity and their relation to increase in screening tests in Israel.

Methods: A large retrospective population-based study was conducted in Maccabi Healthcare Services, a 2. Read More

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Study on the clinical mechanism of Tong-Xie-An-Chang Decoction in the treatment of diarrheal irritable bowel syndrome based on single-cell sequencing technology.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Dec;99(52):e23868

Gatroenterology Department, Dongfang Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, No. 6, 1st Section, Fangxingyuan, Fangzhuang, Fengtai District.

Background: Diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) is a kind of functional gastrointestinal disorder with obscure pathogenesis, and exploration about differential gene expression and cell heterogeneity of T lymphocytes in peripheral blood in IBS-D patients still remains unknown. Clinicians tend to use symptomatic treatment, but the efficacy is unstable and symptoms are prone to relapse. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is used frequently in IBS-D with stable and lower adverse effects. Read More

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December 2020

Normal alkaline phosphatase levels are dependent on race/ethnicity: NationalGEP Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data.

BMJ Open Gastroenterol 2020 10;7(1)

Gatroenterology and Hepatology, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, USA

Objective: The range of normal serum alkaline phosphatase is not well defined. We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2009 to 2016 to generate normal ranges for a racially diverse sample of healthy adults.

Methods: Respondents 18 years or older were included. Read More

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October 2020

Expression of the Serrated Markers Annexin A10 or Gremlin1 in Colonic Adenocarcinomas: Morphology and Prognostic Values.

Pathol Oncol Res 2020 Oct 24;26(4):2509-2521. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Biopathology, Academic Hospital, rue du Général Koenig, 51100, Reims, France.

Describe clinical, histological and molecular charatcteristics and prognosis values of the serrated candidate markers AnnexinA10 and Gremlin1 in colon adenocarcinomas. Immunohistochemical expression of AnnexinA10 and Gremlin1 was evaluated on 346 colonic adenocarcinomas. Clinicopathological, molecular features and prognostic characteristics were then evaluated. Read More

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October 2020

Recommendations for the Operation of Endoscopy Centers in the setting of the COVID-19 pandemic - World Endoscopy Organization guidance document.

Dig Endosc 2020 Sep 12;32(6):844-850. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, USA.

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the etiologic agent causing the disease Corona Virus Disease 19 (COVID-19), resulting in a worldwide pandemic. Non-emergent endoscopy services have been disrupted as incidence and hospitalizations were rising. It is anticipated that the peak incidence may be leveling off in many parts of the world, but there is a concern for resurgence of the virus activity. Read More

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September 2020

Crohn's and Parkinson's Disease-Associated LRRK2 Mutations Alter Type II Interferon Responses in Human CD14 Blood Monocytes Ex Vivo.

J Neuroimmune Pharmacol 2020 12 16;15(4):794-800. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, FL, 32224, USA.

The Leucine Rich Repeat Kinase 2 (LRRK2) is one of causative genes of familial Parkinson's disease (PD). The M2397T polymorphism in LRRK2 is genetically associated with sporadic Crohn's disease (CD). LRRK2 is expressed in human CD14 monocytes, induced by interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and suppresses inflammatory activation. Read More

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December 2020

A Rare Case of Aeroportia Due to Acute Gastric Dilatation - when the Radiologist Goes beyond the Imagess.

J Gastrointestin Liver Dis 2020 Mar 13;29(1). Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca; Regional Institute of Gastroenterology (IRGH) Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

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Harefuah 2019 Dec;158(12):822-825

Division of Gastroenterology, Beilinson Hospital, Rabin Medical Center and the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Introduction: In the last decade, the number of bariatric surgery procedures increased dramatically in Israel similar to what has occurred worldwide. Bariatric surgery procedures have a proven efficacy in the treatment of morbid obesity. However, post-operative complications that involve the gastrointestinal tract may occur. Read More

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December 2019

Interstitial and Granulomatous Lung Disease in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients.

J Crohns Colitis 2020 May;14(4):480-489

Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Gastroenterology Department, Rozzano, Milan, Italy.

Background: Interstitial lung [ILD] disease and granulomatous lung disease [GLD] are rare respiratory disorders that have been associated with inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. Clinical presentation is polymorphic and aetiology is unclear.

Methods: This was an ECCO-CONFER project. Read More

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Correction to: Acute-on-chronic liver failure: consensus recommendations of the Asian Pacific association for the study of the liver (APASL): an update.

Hepatol Int 2019 11 9;13(6):826-828. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Department of Gastroenterology, DMC, Ludhiana, India.

The article Acute-on-chronic liver failure: consensus recommendations of the Asian Pacific association for the study of the liver (APASL): an update, written by [Shiv Sarin], was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on June 06, 2019 without open access. Read More

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November 2019

Acute-on-chronic liver failure: consensus recommendations of the Asian Pacific association for the study of the liver (APASL): an update.

Hepatol Int 2019 Jul 6;13(4):353-390. Epub 2019 Jun 6.

Department of Gastroenterology, DMC, Ludhiana, India.

The first consensus report of the working party of the Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL) set up in 2004 on acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) was published in 2009. With international groups volunteering to join, the "APASL ACLF Research Consortium (AARC)" was formed in 2012, which continued to collect prospective ACLF patient data. Based on the prospective data analysis of nearly 1400 patients, the AARC consensus was published in 2014. Read More

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Integrated analysis of circRNAs and mRNAs expression profile revealed the involvement of hsa_circ_0007919 in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis.

J Gastroenterol 2019 Sep 29;54(9):804-818. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Department of Gatroenterology, Peking University People's Hospital, No. 11 Xizhimen South Street, Beijing, 100044, People's Republic of China.

Background: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is characterized by chronic inflammation in the colon and epigenetic factors underlying the occurrence. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been under intensive focus due to the circular construct and gene-regulating functions. However, the changes and roles of circRNAs in UC remain unknown. Read More

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September 2019

International Consensus on Guiding Recommendations for Management of Patients with Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs Induced Gastropathy-ICON-G.

Euroasian J Hepatogastroenterol 2018 Jul-Dec;8(2):148-160. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Emerging Markets, Dr Reddy's Laboratories Ltd, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Introduction: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), one of the most commonly used medications worldwide, are frequently associated with gastrointestinal adverse events. Primary care physicians often face the challenge of achieving adequate pain relief with NSAIDs, while keeping their adverse events to a minimum. This is especially true when long-term use of NSAIDs is required such as in patients with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Read More

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February 2019

Comparison of Temozolomide-Capecitabine to 5-Fluorouracile-Dacarbazine in 247 Patients with Advanced Digestive Neuroendocrine Tumors Using Propensity Score Analyses.

Neuroendocrinology 2019 13;108(4):343-353. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Hepato-Gastroenterology and Digestive Oncology and Reims-Champagne-Ardennes University, Reims, France.

Introduction: Although chemotherapy combining 5-fluorouracil (5FU)-dacarbazine (DTIC) or temozolomide (TEM)-capecitabine (CAP) is extensively used in patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NET), they were never compared. We compared their tolerance and efficacy in advanced NET.

Methods: We evaluated the records of consecutive patients with pancreatic or small-intestine advanced NET who received 5FU-DTIC or TEM-CAP between July 2004 and December 2017 in 5 French centers. Read More

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December 2019

Medically induced labor: Epidural analgesia and women's perceptions of pain in early labor.

Eur J Midwifery 2018 16;2:15. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

Introduction: Approximately 25% of all deliveries in Denmark are medically induced, typically characterized by more intense uterine contractions. The aim of this paper is to investigate the differences in the administration of epidural analgesia and pain experience between spontaneous and medically induced labor in nulliparous and multiparous women.

Methods: This is a prospective case-controlled study of 100 participating women in labor. Read More

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November 2018

Cobalamin C Deficiency Induces a Typical Histopathological Pattern of Renal Arteriolar and Glomerular Thrombotic Microangiopathy.

Kidney Int Rep 2018 Sep 8;3(5):1153-1162. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Nephrology Department, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France.

Introduction: Cobalamin C (cblC) deficiency is the most common inborn error of vitamin B metabolism. Renal failure attributed to thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) has occasionally been described in the late-onset presentation of cblC deficiency, but kidney lesions associated with cblC deficiency remain poorly defined. This study aims to describe the characteristics of kidney disease in cblC deficiency, and to provide a comparative histological analysis with cblC-independent renal TMA. Read More

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September 2018

Single-incision laparoscopic surgery for locally advanced colorectal cancer : feasibility, short-term and oncologic outcomes.

Acta Gastroenterol Belg 2018 Jan-Mar;81(1):23-28

Colorectal Surgery Unit, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.

Background And Study Aims: Data about single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) in locally advanced colorectal cancers are scarce. This study aimed to evaluate perioperative and shortterm oncologic outcomes of SILS in pT3-T4 colorectal cancer.

Patients And Methods: From 2011 to 2015 data from 249 SILS performed in our Colorectal Unit were entered into a prospective database. Read More

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[Effect of Kruppel-like factor 2 on the migration of human liver sinusoidal endothelial cells].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Feb;98(7):527-532

Department of Gatroenterology, Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.

To investigate the effect and mechanism of Kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) on the migration of human liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSEC). Cultured human LSEC were infected with different lenti-viruses to overexpress or suppress KLF2 expression (LV5-KLF2 and LV3-shKLF2, respectively), the infection efficacies were examined by real-time PCR and Western blot analysis.Transwell migration assay was used to investigate the role of KLF2 on the migration of LSEC. Read More

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February 2018

Rapid change of liver stiffness after variceal ligation and TIPS implantation.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2018 02 19;314(2):G179-G187. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

Department of Medicine, Salem Medical Center and Center for Alcohol Research and Liver Disease, University of Heidelberg , Heidelberg , Germany.

Liver stiffness (LS) as measured by transient elastography is widely used to screen for liver fibrosis. However, LS also increases in response to pressure changes like congestion but no data on portal pressure are available. We study here the effect of rapid portal pressure changes on LS. Read More

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February 2018

Intestinal Hypoganglionosis Leading to Intestinal Failure and the Compassionate Use of Omegaven™.

Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr 2017 Mar 27;20(1):55-60. Epub 2017 Mar 27.

Department of Neonatology, Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital, St. Petersburg, FL, USA.

Intestinal hypoganglionosis is a rare innervation disorder that provides numerous nutritional, medical and surgical challenges. In this case report, we present a case of a newborn with intestinal hypoganglionosis leading to intestinal failure and intestinal failure-associated liver disease who responded to Omegaven™, a fat emulsion comprised of omega-3 fatty acids. Omegaven™ has been shown to be beneficial in the management of cholestatic liver injury. Read More

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