361,160 results match your criteria Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors – Leiomyoma Leiomyosarcoma


Clostridium septicum: A usual suspect? Aortic rupture following right hemicolectomy: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 22;54:51-54. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Surgery, Epworth Health, Melbourne Australia; Gastrointestinal Clinical Institute, Epworth HealthCare, Melbourne Australia.

Introduction: There is a known association between Clostridium Septicum, mycotic aneurysm and colon neoplasm.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 90 year old female admitted with abdominal pain to the general surgery unit. Admission CT scan demonstrated a thick walled caecum and pericaecal inflammation suspicious for a perforated carcinoma. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

A giant sacrococcygeal teratoma in adult female: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 22;54:47-50. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of General Surgery, King Abdulla University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box (3030), Irbid, 22110, Jordan. Electronic address:

Introduction: Sacrococcygealteratoma is very rare in adults with only few cases reported in literature. It is a slow growing benign cystic tumor with 1-2% chance for malignant transformation and may attain a huge size causing pressure effect on pelvic and intra-abdominal organs. When grows caudally, it causes discomfort, skin excoriation and cosmetic disfigurement. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Simultaneous analysis of acetylcarnitine, proline, hydroxyproline, citrulline, and arginine as potential plasma biomarkers to evaluate NSAIDs-induced gastric injury by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

J Pharm Biomed Anal 2018 Nov 24;165:101-111. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

School of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Although major adverse effects associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are gastric injury, assessment of NSAIDs-induced gastrointestinal adverse effects is mostly dependent on endoscopy due to the lack of plasma biomarkers. Several amino acids associated with collagenase activity and gastric mucosal mass have been suggested as plasma biomarker candidates for gastric injury. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the plasma biomarker candidates, i. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Elaboration of a thermosensitive smart biomaterial: From synthesis to the ex vivo bioadhesion evaluation.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2018 Nov 30;175:91-97. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

CIRIMAT, Université de Toulouse 3 - Paul Sabatier, CNRS, Toulouse, France. Electronic address:

Alginate and chitosan are polysaccharides that are widely used in the biomedical field, especially as wound dressings. Controlled bioadhesion is an advanced functionality that offers the potential to reduce injuries due to the stripping-off of the biomaterial. Herein, we report the efficient grafting of poly-N(isopropylacryamide) (PNIPAM), a thermosensitive polymer that exhibits a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) at 32 °C on the alginate/chitosan polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) surface. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Optimal Risk Prediction in Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding - A Quest for the Holy Grail.

Authors:
Neil Sengupta

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Section of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, University of Chicago Medical Center, 5841 S Maryland Avenue, MC 4076 Chicago, IL 60637. Electronic address:

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December 2018
1 Read

Racial Disparities in Incidence of Young-onset Colorectal Cancer and Patient Survival.

Gastroenterology 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Epidemiology and Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.

Background & Aims: Increasing rates of young-onset colorectal cancer (CRC) have attracted substantial research and media attention, but we know little about racial disparities among younger adults with CRC. We examined racial disparities in young-onset CRC by comparing CRC incidence and relative survival among younger (age <50 years) adults, in 2 time periods.

Methods: Using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program of cancer registries, we estimated CRC incidence rates (per 100,000 persons ages 20 - 54 years) from 1992 through 2014, for different time periods (1992-1996 vs 2010-2014) and races (white vs black). Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

The promises and risks of probiotic Bacillus species.

Acta Biochim Pol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Uniwersytet Gdański Wydział Chemii Katedra Biotechnologii Molekularnej ul. Wita Stwosza 63 80-308 Gdańsk.

Supplementing the human microbiome with probiotic microorganisms is a proposed solution for civilization syndromes such as dysbiosis and gastrointestinal tract (GIT) disorders. Bimodal probiotic strains of the Bacillus genus constitute the microbiota of the human environment, and are typically found in soil, water, a number of non-dairy fermented foods, as well as in human and animal GIT. Probiotic Bacillus sp. Read More

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December 2018

Identifying missed clinical opportunities for the earlier diagnosis of HIV in Australia, a retrospective cohort data linkage study.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208323. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Infectious Diseases, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Treatment as prevention approaches for HIV require optimal HIV testing strategies to reduce undiagnosed HIV infections. In most settings, HIV testing strategies still result in unacceptably high rates of missed and late diagnoses. This study aimed to identify clinical opportunities for targeted HIV testing in persons at risk to facilitate earlier HIV diagnosis in New South Wales, Australia; and to assess the duration between the diagnosis of specific conditions and HIV diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018

Covered perforation of Meckel's diverticulum ulcer to transverse colon: highlighting the urgent intervention and the avoidance of a dramatic evolution (case report and literature review).

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):83-87

Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital of Veria, Veria, Greece.

Meckel's diverticulum represents a remnant of the proximal end of the omphalomesenteric duct, which constitutes a connection between the middle intestine and the vitelline vesicle. It is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract and is found in approximately 0.3-2% of the general population. Read More

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January 2018

Tissue Specificity in Trisomy 22 Mosaicism: A Tale of Caution for Interpretation of Chromosomal Microarray Results.

J Assoc Genet Technol 2018 ;44(4):137-140

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Vermont Medical Center, Burlington, VT.

Objectives: While the complete form of trisomy 22 is seemingly incompatible with life, the mosaic form is a rare syndrome associated with developmental delays, intellectual disability, and dysmorphic features. Due in part to the difficulty of analyzing chromosomal mosaicism, many instances either go undiagnosed or have their diagnosis delayed. We report a case of mosaic trisomy 22 in a diamnionic-dichorionic twin with marked growth discordance and intra-uterine growth restriction, diagnosed in a 2-year-old with developmental delays, sensorineural hearing loss, cardiac and gastrointestinal abnormalities, and osteopenia of prematurity. Read More

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January 2018
6 Reads

Oligomerization of equilibrative nucleoside transporters: a novel regulatory and functional mechanism involving PKC and PP1.

FASEB J 2018 Dec 6:fj201800440RR. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Chemistry and Biology, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Equilibrative nucleoside transporters (ENTs) translocate nucleosides and nucleobases across plasma membranes, as well as a variety of anti-cancer, -viral, and -parasite nucleoside analogs. They are also key members of the purinome complex and regulate the protective and anti-inflammatory effects of adenosine. Despite their important role, little is known about the mechanisms involved in their regulation. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

An update and systematic review on the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea.

JBRA Assist Reprod 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Nursing Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, IR Iran.

Objectives: Primary dysmenorrhea is a painful uterine contraction caused by endometrial laceration. Drug therapies and complementary medicine have been used to treat dysmenorrhea. The aim of this study was to investigate and offer an updated perspective on the treatments for dysmenorrhea. Read More

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December 2018
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Particle Size and Gastrointestinal Absorption Influence Tiotropium Pharmacokinetics: A Pilot Bioequivalence Study of PUR0200 and Spiriva HandiHaler.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Pulmatrix Inc, 99 Hayden Ave, Suite 390, Lexington, MA, 02421.

Aims: Plasma pharmacokinetics permits the assessment of efficacy and safety of inhaled drugs, and possibly their bioequivalence to other inhaled products. Correlating drug product attributes to lung deposited dose is important to achieving equivalence. PUR0200 is a spray-dried formulation of tiotropium that enables more efficient lung delivery than Spiriva® HandiHaler® (HH). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Laparoscopic Multiple Parenchyma-sparing Concomitant Liver Resections for Colorectal Liver Metastases.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Intervention Centre.

Background: Parenchyma-sparing concept in liver surgery has received a new incitement with the introduction of laparoscopic techniques. Multiple concomitant liver resections are a major component in the parenchyma-sparing concept.

Materials And Methods: In total, 689 patients underwent laparoscopic liver resection for colorectal liver metastases from August 1998 to 2017, and 171 patients were eligible for this study. Read More

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December 2018

Why Does Postoperative Pancreatic Fistula Occur After Hand-sewn Parenchymal Closure and Staple Closure in Distal Pancreatectomy?

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Gastrointestinal and Pediatric Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Hand-sewing (HS) and stapling are common parenchymal closure techniques after distal pancreatectomy. However, these methods cannot completely prevent postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). The mechanisms of POPF formation after closure are unknown. Read More

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December 2018

Gastrointestinal Bleeding During Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Support: State of the Field.

Cardiol Rev 2019 Jan/Feb;27(1):8-13

Division of Cardiology, Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10467.

Continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs) are increasingly used for the management of advanced heart failure refractory to optimal medical therapy. Despite the encouraging outcomes with CF-LVADs, gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) continues to be a rather concerning complication resulting in increased rates of readmission and increased morbidity. The exact pathophysiology of CF-LVAD-associated GIB remains poorly understood, and this lack of knowledge limits our ability to control this morbid complication. Read More

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December 2018

Cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors: what have we learnt across studies, therapy situations and substances.

Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Regio Klinikum Pinneberg, Pinneberg, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) are key regulatory enzymes that control cell cycle and cell division. In the recent years, new therapeutic options selectively targeting CDK 4 and 6 have shown promising clinical activity in several solid tumors. Since 2015, three CDK 4/6 inhibitors have been approved for treatment of hormone receptor-positive HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer: palbociclib, ribociclib and abemaciclib. Read More

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December 2018

[Indications for orogastric emptying in poisonings are rarely present].

Ugeskr Laeger 2018 Dec;180(49)

Orogastric aspiration (OA) without orogastric lavage has been the traditional gastric emptying method of choice in Denmark; this being based on national historic studies on poisoned patients. The treatment is still observed to be initiated prior to consultations with the Danish poisons information centre. In this review, we present relevant knowledge in the field of OA. Read More

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December 2018

Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A and EPAC mediate VIP and Secretin stimulation of PAK4 and activation of Na+, K+-ATPase in pancreatic acinar cells.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

National Institutes of Health,Niddk.ddb, United States.

Rat pancreatic acinar cells possess only the p21-activated kinase (PAKs), PAK4 of the Group-II p21-activated kinase (PAK) and it is activated by gastrointestinal hormones/neurotransmitters stimulating PLC and by a number of growth factors. However, little is known generally of cAMP-agents causing PAK4 activation and there are no studies with gastrointestinal hormones/neurotransmitters activating cAMP cascades. In the present study, we examined the ability of VIP and secretin, which stimulate cAMP generation in pancreatic acini, to stimulate PAK4 activation, the signaling cascades involved and its possible role in activating Na+,K+ATPase. Read More

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December 2018

Overexpression of IL-11 promotes premalignant gastric epithelial hyperplasia in isolation from germline gp130-JAK-STAT3 driver mutations.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Australia.

Expression of the cytokine IL-11 is elevated in human Helicobacter pylori infection and progressively increases with worsening gastric pathology. Additionally, IL-11 is required for tumour development in STAT3 dependent murine models of gastric cancer (GC) and, when administered acutely, causes resolving atrophic gastritis. However, it is unclear whether locally elevated IL-11 ligand expression can, in isolation from oncogenic gp130-JAK-STAT pathway mutations, initiate GC pathogenesis. Read More

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December 2018

RNA regulons are essential in intestinal homeostasis.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Pediatrics, GI Division, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, United States.

Intestinal epithelial cells are among the most rapidly proliferating cell types in the human body. There are several different sub-types of epithelial cells, each with unique functional roles in responding to the ever-changing environment. The epithelium's ability for rapid and customized responses to environmental changes requires multi-tiered levels of gene regulation. Read More

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December 2018

Energy intake, gastrointestinal transit and gut hormone release in response to oral triglycerides and fatty acids in severely obese and non-obese men.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Hvidovre University Hospital.

Dietary fat, and particularly fatty acids from hydrolyzed triglycerides, reduce appetite, whereas, paradoxically, a high-fat diet leads to excess calorie intake and weight gain. We therefore hypothesized that the appetite-regulating effects of dietary fat is perturbed in obesity. Ten men with severe obesity (median BMI 51. Read More

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December 2018

circLARP4 induces cellular senescence through regulating miR-761/RUNX3/p53/p21 signaling in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Cancer Sci 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Hepatobiliary Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Key Laboratory of Liver Transplantation, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Nanjing, China.

circular RNAs (circRNAs), a novel class of non-coding RNAs, have emerged as indispensable modulators in human malignancies. Aberrant cellular senescence is a phenotype observed in various cancers. The association of circRNAs with cellular senescence in tumor is still a virgin soil to be upturned. Read More

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December 2018

The effectiveness of scoring systems in the prediction of diagnosis-based mortality.

Ther Apher Dial 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Healthy Sciences, Bakırkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital Istanbul, Turkey.

Scoring systems are used for mortality and morbidity rating in intensive care conditions, prognosis prediction, standardization of scientific data and the monitoring of clinical quality. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the efficacy of APACHE II (Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation), APACHE IV and SAPS (Simplified Acute Physiology Score) III prognostic scorings in the prediction of mortality and disease severity of patients admitted to the Anesthesia and Reanimation Clinic Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in Bakırköy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital according to general and specific diagnoses. Read More

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December 2018

Positive endoscopic and ultrasonographic findings in symptom-diagnosed functional gastrointestinal disorder patients: Data from a Chinese cross-sectional study.

J Dig Dis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Gastroenterology, Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Objective: Few studies have systematically assessed symptom-based diagnosis of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in China. This study aimed to evaluate the positive endoscopic and ultrasonographic findings in symptom-based FGID patients.

Methods: Adult patients with gastrointestinal symptoms but not red flag symptoms who were empirically diagnosed with FGIDs underwent upper and/or lower gastrointestinal endoscopy based on their symptoms. Read More

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December 2018
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1.924 Impact Factor

Dermoscopic follow-up of therapeutic response in mantle cell lymphoma with secondary involvement of the scalp.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

The Department of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Onco-Hematology, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Institute - Oncology Center, Gliwice Branch, Gliwice, Poland.

The scalp is a potential location for both benign and malignant tumors. Lymphoproliferative diseases can involve the skin as a primary or secondary manifestation. Dermoscopy is a noninvasive diagnostic tool for rapid diagnosis, screening, and follow-up of the majority of skin tumors. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Assessment of the long-acting ivermectin formulation in sheep: Further insight into potential pharmacokinetic interactions.

J Vet Pharmacol Ther 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Laboratorio de Farmacología, Centro de Investigación Veterinaria de Tandil (CIVETAN), (CONICET-CICPBA-UNCPBA) Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Tandil, Argentina.

The aim of the current study was to evaluate the in vivo pharmacokinetic of ivermectin (IVM) after the administration of a long-acting (LA) formulation to sheep and its impact on potential drug-drug interactions. The work included the evaluation of the comparative plasma profiles of IVM administered at a single therapeutic dose (200 μg/kg) and as LA formulation at 630 μg/kg. Additionally, IVM was measured in different gastrointestinal tissues at 15 days posttreatment with both IVM formulations. Read More

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December 2018

Distribution, projections and association with calbindin baskets of motor neurons, interneurons and sensory neurons in guinea-pig distal colon.

J Comp Neurol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

College of Medicine and Public Health & Centre for Neuroscience, Flinders University, Australia.

Normal gut function relies on the activity of the enteric nervous system (ENS) found within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract. The structural and functional organisation of the ENS has been extensively studied in the guinea pig small intestine, but less is known about colonic circuitry. Given that there are significant differences between these regions in function, observed motor patterns and pathology, it would be valuable to have a better understanding of the colonic ENS. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Platelet transfusion practices in immune thrombocytopenia related hospitalizations.

Transfusion 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.

Background: The role of platelet transfusions in management of Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP) remains controversial. Current guidelines recommend that platelet transfusions in ITP be reserved for catastrophic hemorrhage or invasive surgical procedures. This study assesses the nationwide platelet transfusion practices in hospitalized children and adults with ITP. Read More

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December 2018
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The role of Rhodotorula mucilaginosa in selected biological process of wild fish.

Fish Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Food Science and Fisheries, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Papieza Pawla VI 3, 71-450, Szczecin, Poland.

Defense mechanisms of fish are investigated in many aspects. One of the most interesting systems is that based on non-specific immune factors whose mechanisms of biocontrol have evolved in complex processes of microbiological co-existence. The wild fish devoid of probiotic stimulation have developed their own system to control the biosynthesis of immunostimulating compounds based on commensal microflora. Read More

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December 2018

A case of duodenal hemorrhage due to arteriovenous malformation around a serous cystic neoplasm.

Surg Case Rep 2018 Dec 5;4(1):140. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Shizuoka Cancer Center, 1007, Shimo-Nagakubo, Sunto-Nagaizumi, Shizuoka, 4118777, Japan.

Background: No reports have so far described arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in the pancreas caused by a tumor. We herein report a case of pancreatoduodenectomy for a patient who developed duodenal hemorrhage due to AVM developed around serous cystic neoplasm (SCN) of the pancreas.

Case Presentation: A 79-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of anemia (Hb 7. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Contemporary practice and short-term outcomes after liver resections in a complete national cohort.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Clinical Surgery, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh and University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Background: Improved outcome after liver resections have been reported in several series, but outcomes from national cohorts are scarce. Our aim was to evaluate nationwide practice and short-term outcomes after liver surgery in a universal healthcare system.

Methods: A complete 5-year cohort of all liver resections from the Norwegian Patient Registry (NPR). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Endoscopy Is Relatively Safe in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke and Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage.

Dig Dis Sci 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Gastroenterology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, 10595, USA.

Background: Gastrointestinal hemorrhage (GIH) is reported to occur in 1-8% of patients admitted with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). AIS is considered to be a relative contraindication to GIE.

Aims: Evaluate the outcomes of gastrointestinal endoscopy (GIE) in patients hospitalized with AIS and GIH. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Prevalence of Small Intestine Carcinoid Tumors: A US Population-Based Study 2012-2017.

Dig Dis Sci 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Gastroenterology and Liver Disease, Department of Medicine, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Wearn 244, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.

Background And Aims: Most carcinoid tumors of the gastrointestinal tract are located in the small bowel (SB). Epidemiological studies of these tumors have been limited by small sample sizes. Our aim was to evaluate the epidemiology of SB carcinoids (SBCs) using a large database. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation on muscle activity in the gastrointestinal tract (transVaGa): a prospective clinical trial.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Surgery, University Hospital of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Purpose: Postoperative ileus (POI) is a common complication after abdominal surgery. Invasive stimulation of the cervical vagus nerve is known to reduce inflammatory response and ameliorated POI after surgery in a mouse model. However, the transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (tVNS) is a possible non-invasive approach. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Current status of esophageal endoscopy including the evaluation of smoking and alcohol consumption in Japan: an analysis based on the Japan endoscopy database.

Esophagus 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

JED (Japan Endoscopy Database) Project Committee, Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: The aim was to investigate the current status of esophageal endoscopy, including the evaluation of smoking and alcohol consumption, in Japan.

Methods: A total of 47,441 patients who underwent 69,748 sessions of esophageal endoscopy were registered in the Japan Endoscopy Database between January 2015 and March 2017. The study variables were as follows: (1) methods for monitoring the esophagus and the time required for monitoring and (2) the status of smoking and alcohol consumption in patients with esophageal cancer and head and neck cancer. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

[Acute Pelvic pain in women-gynecological causes].

Radiologe 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Universitätsinstitut für Radiologie, Universitätsklinikum der Paracelsus Medizinischen Privatuniversität, Müllner Hauptstraße 48, 5020, Salzburg, Österreich.

Background: Acute pelvic pain in women may be due to gynecological, gastrointestinal, and urinary tract disorders. Ectopic pregnancy (EP), pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and ruptured ovarian cysts are the most common gynecological causes for acute pelvic pain and their diagnosis can be challenging.

Methods: Patient history, clinical examination, and blood tests as well as patient age and potential pregnancy status help to establish the correct diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Gross tumour delineation on computed tomography and positron emission tomography-computed tomography in oesophageal cancer: A nationwide study.

Clin Transl Radiat Oncol 2019 Jan 26;14:33-39. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Background And Purpose: Accurate delineation of the primary tumour is vital to the success of radiotherapy and even more important for successful boost strategies, aiming for improved local control in oesophageal cancer patients. Therefore, the aim was to assess delineation variability of the gross tumour volume (GTV) between CT and combined PET-CT in oesophageal cancer patients in a multi-institutional study.

Materials And Methods: Twenty observers from 14 institutes delineated the primary tumour of 6 cases on CT and PET-CT fusion. Read More

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January 2019

A Report of Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction Related to Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Open Med (Wars) 2018 25;13:562-564. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Nephrology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan Province, China.

Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder with symptoms of ileus. CIPO can either be idiopathic or secondary to other diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). SLE is involved in many parts of the gastrointestinal system with variable clinical presentations. Read More

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November 2018
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Eosinophil Counts in Mucosal Biopsies of the Ileum and Colon: Interobserver Variance Affects Diagnostic Accuracy.

Patholog Res Int 2018 4;2018:2638258. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Brandenburg, Brandenburg, Germany.

Primary eosinophilic gastroenteritis and colitis (EGE) is a rare entity with unspecific clinical and endoscopic findings. Validated histopathologic criteria for confirming the diagnosis are lacking, because numeric values for normal or elevated concentrations of eosinophils in mucosal biopsies are varying between observers. To quantify this interobserver variance, we had the same set of 30 slides of eosinophilic-rich mucosal biopsies from the ileum and colon systematically reviewed by a panel of six independent pathologists, each with more than a ten-year experience in the field. Read More

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November 2018

The Efficacy and Safety of Anti-epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Monoclonal Antibodies in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: Literature-based Meta-analyses.

J Cancer 2018 31;9(23):4510-4520. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Centre; State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China; Collaborative Innovation Centre of Cancer Medicine; Guangdong Key Laboratory of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Diagnosis and Therapy, Guangzhou, China.

Anti-epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibodies (anti-EGFR mAbs), such as cetuximab and nimotuzumab have been used in the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), yet their efficacy and safety are undetermined. : We performed two meta-analyses based on systematic searches of PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and SinoMed: comparison 1 (standard therapy plus mAbs vs. standard therapy) and comparison 2 (radiotherapy plus concurrent mAbs vs. Read More

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October 2018
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The prognostic value of Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5 and Protein Phosphatase 2A in Gastric Cancer.

J Cancer 2018 22;9(23):4404-4412. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Gastric Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian Province, China.

To discuss the relationship between the clinicopathological data, long-term survival of gastric cancer patients and different expression levels of Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5 (CDK5) and Protein Phosphatase 2A (PP2A). The expression levels of CDK5 and PP2A were detected by immunohistochemistry in specimens from 124 patients with primary gastric cancer. The correlation among the expression of CDK5 and PP2A, clinicopathological factors and prognosis was investigated. Read More

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October 2018

Outcomes of Laparoscopic Total Gastrectomy for Elderly Gastric Cancer Patients.

J Cancer 2018 22;9(23):4398-4403. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, No. 126 Xiantai Street, Changchun, 130000, People's Republic of China.

The purpose of this study was to compare the short- and long-term outcomes after laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) between elderly and non-elderly patients with gastric cancer. A retrospective analysis was performed using clinical and follow-up data from 168 patients treated with LTG for gastric cancer at our institution from January 2010 to December 2017. For this study, the short- and long-term outcomes (including tumor recurrence rate, disease-free survival rate, and overall survival rate) were compared between the elderly group (≥70 years) and non-elderly group (<70 years). Read More

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October 2018

Epstein-Barr Virus-Associated T-Cell Lymphoproliferative Disorder Presenting as Chronic Diarrhea and Intestinal Bleeding: A Case Report.

Front Immunol 2018 16;9:2583. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Gastroenterology, Bethune First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Systemic Epstein-Barr virus-positive T-cell lymphoproliferative childhood disease (EBV+ T-LPD) is extremely rare. Primary acute or chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection triggers EBV+ T-LPD's onset and the disease involves clonal proliferation of infected T-cells with activated cytotoxic phenotype. The adult-onset EBV+ T-LPD (ASEBV+ T-LPD) is even rarer and needs to be extensively studied. Read More

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November 2018

Sugar Metabolism Regulates Flavor Preferences and Portal Glucose Sensing.

Front Integr Neurosci 2018 21;12:57. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

The John B. Pierce Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States.

In most species, including humans, food preference is primarily controlled by nutrient value. In particular, glucose-containing sugars exert exquisitely strong effects on food choice via gut-generated signals. However, the identity of the visceral signals underlying glucose's rewarding effects remains uncertain. Read More

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November 2018
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An Extragastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Originating from the Pancreas.

Case Rep Gastroenterol 2018 Sep-Dec;12(3):671-678. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). In fewer than 5% of cases, GIST originates primarily from outside the GIT. The occurrence of GIST originating from the pancreas is rare. Read More

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November 2018