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    22542 results match your criteria Gastroenteritis Bacterial

    1 OF 451

    Effects of Bacterial Dose and Fly Sex on Persistence and Excretion of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium From Adult House Flies (Musca domestica L.; Diptera: Muscidae).
    J Med Entomol 2018 Apr 11. Epub 2018 Apr 11.
    USDA-ARS-PA-NRRC, Office of the Director, Fort Collins, CO.
    Salmonella Typhimurium (Le Minor and Popoff 1987; Enterobacteriales: Enterobacteriaceae) is a pathogen that causes gastroenteritis in humans and can be harbored by house flies. Factors influencing excretion of S. Typhimurium from infected flies have not been elucidated but are essential for assessing transmission potential. Read More

    Weather correlates of Campylobacter prevalence in broilers at slaughter under tropical conditions in Sri Lanka.
    Epidemiol Infect 2018 Apr 15:1-8. Epub 2018 Apr 15.
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology,Utrecht University,Utrecht,the Netherlands.
    Campylobacter is the primary agent of human bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. In contrast to temperate zones, weather effects on Campylobacter prevalence in broilers under tropical conditions are under-researched. We examined the association between weather and Campylobacter prevalence in slaughtered broilers in Sri Lanka, a tropical country with weather variations led by monsoons. Read More

    Hospitalisations due to bacterial gastroenteritis: A comparison of surveillance and hospital discharge data.
    Epidemiol Infect 2018 Apr 15:1-7. Epub 2018 Apr 15.
    Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch,Division of Foodborne,Waterborne,and Environmental Diseases,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,Atlanta,Georgia,USA.
    Studies estimating the human health impact of the foodborne disease often include estimates of the number of gastroenteritis hospitalisations. The aims of this study were to examine the degree to which hospital discharge data underreport hospitalisations due to bacterial gastroenteritis and to estimate the frequency of stool sample submission among patients presenting with gastroenteritis. Using linked laboratory and hospital discharge data from a healthcare organisation and its affiliated hospital, we examined the International Classification of Disease (ICD-9-CM) diagnosis codes assigned to hospitalised adults with culture-confirmed Campylobacter, Salmonella, or Escherichia coli O157 infections and determined the frequency of stool sample submission. Read More

    The Potential of Isolation Source to Predict Colonization in Avian Hosts: A Case Study in Strains From Three Bird Species.
    Front Microbiol 2018 29;9:591. Epub 2018 Mar 29.
    Department of Medical Sciences, Zoonosis Science Center, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    is the primary cause of bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide, infecting humans mostly through consumption of contaminated poultry. is common in the gut of wild birds, and shows distinct strain-specific association to particular bird species. This contrasts with farm animals, in which several genotypes co-exist. Read More

    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 2016 Nov;47(6):1231-45
    We conducted a microbiological assessment of Indian Rojak, a popular deep fried food in Singapore to evaluate its overall microbial quality, assess the effectiveness of reheating and identify key food items that could contribute to the microbial load of the dish. In 2009, an outbreak of foodborne illness associated with this food led to 154 reported cases of acute gastroenteritis, 48 were hospitalized and 2 died. Vibrio parahaemolyticus was isolated from the patients. Read More

    Waterborne Norovirus outbreak at a seaside resort likely originating from municipal water distribution system failure.
    Epidemiol Infect 2018 Apr 10:1-9. Epub 2018 Apr 10.
    Dipartimento di Scienze per la Promozione della Salute e Materno Infantile "G. D'Alessandro",Università di Palermo (Department of Sciences for Health Promotion and Mother-Child Care, University of Palermo),Palermo,Italy.
    In May 2016 a Norovirus (NoV) gastroenteritis outbreak involved a high school class visiting a seaside resort near Taormina (Mascali, Sicily). Twenty-four students and a teacher were affected and 17 of them showed symptoms on the second day of the journey, while the others got ill within the following 2 days. Symptoms included vomiting, diarrhoea and fever, and 12 students required hospitalisation. Read More

    Viral and bacterial investigations on the aetiology of recurrent pig neonatal diarrhoea cases in Spain.
    Porcine Health Manag 2018 5;4. Epub 2018 Apr 5.
    3Departament de Sanitat i Anatomia Animals, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.
    Background: Neonatal diarrhoea represents a major disease problem in the early stages of animal production, increasing significantly pre-weaning mortality and piglets weaned below the target weight. Enteric diseases in newborn piglets are often of endemic presentation, but may also occur as outbreaks with high morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to assess the frequency of different pathogens involved in cases of recurrent neonatal diarrhoea in Spain. Read More

    Evaluation of Two Multiplex PCR-High-Resolution Melt Curve Analysis Methods for Differentiation of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli Intraspecies.
    Avian Dis 2018 Mar;62(1):86-93
    A School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia 2678.
    Campylobacter infection is a common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in humans and remains a significant global public health issue. The capability of two multiplex PCR (mPCR)-high-resolution melt (HRM) curve analysis methods (i.e. Read More

    Morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected children on antiretroviral therapy in Togo.
    Med Sante Trop 2018 Feb;28(1):54-60
    Service de dermatologie, CHU Syvanus Olympio, Lomé, Lomé, Togo.
    the aim of this study was to evaluate the mortality and morbidity of HIV-infected children on highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) in Togo. this is a retrospective study of HIV-infected children on HAART in the 25 largest centers of HIV/AIDS care in Togo. the study included 1861 children (sex-ratio=0. Read More

    Prevalence of Thermophilic in Cattle Production at Slaughterhouse Level in France and Link Between Bovine Strains and Campylobacteriosis.
    Front Microbiol 2018 19;9:471. Epub 2018 Mar 19.
    ANSES, Hygiene and Quality of Poultry and Pig Products Unit, Ploufragan-Plouzané Laboratory, Bretagne-Loire University, Ploufragan, France.
    is the leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in industrialized countries, with poultry reservoir as the main source of infection. Nevertheless, a recent study on source attribution showed that cattle could be a source of human contamination in France (Thépault et al., 2017). Read More

    The host antimicrobial protein calgranulin C participates in the control of growth via zinc sequestration.
    Infect Immun 2018 Apr 2. Epub 2018 Apr 2.
    Department of Microbiology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    is a leading cause of bacterial-derived gastroenteritis worldwide. is most commonly acquired through the consumption of undercooked poultry meat or through drinking contaminated water. Following ingestion, adheres to the intestinal epithelium and mucus layer, causing toxin-mediated inflammation and inhibition of fluid reabsorption. Read More

    Comparison between patients with norovirus-related gastroenteritis and asymptomatic carriers with respect to distribution of antibody-complexed viral particles and intestinal flora.
    J Med Virol 2018 Mar 30. Epub 2018 Mar 30.
    Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Public Health, Department of Microbiology, Tokyo, Japan.
    Asymptomatic carriers have a major influence on the spreading of norovirus infections. The objective of this study was to examine the characteristics of patients and asymptomatic carriers affected by norovirus-related community gastroenteritis outbreaks. No significant difference between the two groups was observed in terms of the number of norovirus-antibody complexes with respect to total numbers. Read More

    Emergence of multiple norovirus strains in Thailand, 2015-2017.
    Infect Genet Evol 2018 Mar 26;61:108-112. Epub 2018 Mar 26.
    Center of Excellence in Clinical Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. Electronic address:
    Norovirus is a major cause of non-bacterial acute gastroenteritis worldwide. Infection can be sporadic or result in widespread outbreaks. The surveillance of norovirus samples (n = 1591) obtained from patients with diarrhea in Thailand from January 2015 to February 2017 suggested that the predominance of norovirus GII. Read More

    Comamonas kerstersii bacteremia in a patient with acute perforated appendicitis: A rare case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Mar;97(13):e9296
    Department of Burns and Wound Repair Surgery.
    Rationale: Comamonas species are rarely associated with human infections. Recent reports found that Comamonas kerstersii was associated with severe diseases such as abdominal infection and bacteremia. However, C. Read More

    Food safety labelling of chicken to prevent campylobacteriosis: consumer expectations and current practices.
    BMC Public Health 2018 Mar 27;18(1):414. Epub 2018 Mar 27.
    Department of Public Health, University of Otago, PO Box 7343, Wellington, 6242, New Zealand.
    Background: Campylobacter is the leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide, and contaminated chicken is a significant vehicle for spread of the disease. This study aimed to assess consumers' knowledge of safe chicken handling practices and whether their expectations for food safety labelling of chicken are met, as a strategy to prevent campylobacteriosis.

    Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 401 shoppers at supermarkets and butcheries in Wellington, New Zealand, and a systematic assessment of content and display features of chicken labels. Read More

    Early Uncomplicated Appendicitis-Who Can We Treat Nonoperatively?
    Am Surg 2018 Feb;84(2):174-180
    Clinic Akron General, Akron, Ohio, USA.
    This study evaluated nonoperative treatment for mild appendicitis and reviewed selection criteria to be used in introducing this option into clinical practice. A retrospective review of 73 consecutive cases of appendicitis treated by a single surgeon from 2011 to 2013 was completed. Patients who were diagnosed with mild appendicitis meeting the criteria of an APPENDICITIS scoring algorithm proposed in this manuscript were considered for nonoperative management. Read More

    A representative overview of the genetic diversity and lipooligosaccharide sialylation in Campylobacter jejuni along the broiler production chain in France and its comparison with human isolates.
    Int J Food Microbiol 2018 Jun 20;274:20-30. Epub 2018 Mar 20.
    ANSES, Ploufragan-Plouzané Laboratory, Hygiene and Quality of Poultry and Pig Products Unit, Bretagne-Loire University, Ploufragan, France.
    Campylobacter jejuni is the most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide and is associated with post-infectious neuropathies. Moreover, the chicken reservoir is described as the main source of human infection and C. jejuni sialylated lipooligosaccharides seem to play an important role in the pathogenesis of neuropathies. Read More

    Differential transcriptome analysis of zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae challenged by Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
    J Fish Dis 2018 Mar 23. Epub 2018 Mar 23.
    Key Laboratory of Exploration and Utilization of Aquatic Genetic Resources, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, China.
    Zebrafish embryo and larva represent a useful in vivo model for identification of host innate immune responses to bacterial infection. Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a typical zoonotic pathogen worldwide that causes acute gastroenteritis in humans and vibriosis in fishes. However, the mechanism of the innate immune response in the zebrafish larvae infected by V. Read More

    Helicobacter pylori Therapy for the Prevention of Metachronous Gastric Cancer.
    N Engl J Med 2018 03;378(12):1085-1095
    From the Center for Gastric Cancer (I.J.C., M.-C.K., Y.-I.K., S.-J.C., J.Y.L., C.G.K.) and the Biometrics Research Branch, Research Institute (B.P., B.-H.N.), National Cancer Center, Goyang, South Korea.
    Background: Patients with early gastric cancers that are limited to gastric mucosa or submucosa usually have an advanced loss of mucosal glandular tissue (glandular atrophy) and are at high risk for subsequent (metachronous) development of new gastric cancer. The long-term effects of treatment to eradicate Helicobacter pylori on histologic improvement and the prevention of metachronous gastric cancer remain unclear.

    Methods: In this prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial, we assigned 470 patients who had undergone endoscopic resection of early gastric cancer or high-grade adenoma to receive either H. Read More

    Epidemiologic characteristics of health care-associated outbreaks and lessons learned from multiple outbreak investigations with a focus on the usefulness of routine molecular analysis.
    Am J Infect Control 2018 Mar 16. Epub 2018 Mar 16.
    Hospital Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Health Care, Chapel Hill, NC; Division of Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.
    Background: Single outbreaks have often been reported in health care settings, but the frequency of outbreaks at a hospital over time has not been described. We examined epidemiologic features of all health care-associated outbreak investigations at an academic hospital during a 5-year period.

    Methods: Health care-associated outbreak investigations at an academic hospital (2012-2016) were retrospectively reviewed through data on comprehensive hospital-wide surveillance and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis. Read More

    Macrolide antibiotics for bronchiectasis.
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 03 15;3:CD012406. Epub 2018 Mar 15.
    Faculty of Health and Social Care, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, UK.
    Background: Bronchiectasis is a chronic respiratory disease characterised by abnormal and irreversible dilatation and distortion of the smaller airways. Bacterial colonisation of the damaged airways leads to chronic cough and sputum production, often with breathlessness and further structural damage to the airways. Long-term macrolide antibiotic therapy may suppress bacterial infection and reduce inflammation, leading to fewer exacerbations, fewer symptoms, improved lung function, and improved quality of life. Read More

    Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Virchow Infections Linked to a Powdered Meal Replacement Product - United States, 2015-2016.
    Clin Infect Dis 2018 Mar 7. Epub 2018 Mar 7.
    Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta GA.
    Background: Nontyphoidal Salmonella is the leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in the United States. Meal replacement products containing raw and 'superfood' ingredients have gained increasing popularity among consumers in recent years. In January 2016, we investigated a multistate outbreak of infections with a novel strain of Salmonella Virchow. Read More

    Of Mice and Men....and Plants: Comparative Genomics of the Dual Lifestyles of Enteric Pathogens.
    Trends Microbiol 2018 Mar 1. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
    Genetics Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
    Outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness, linked to the consumption of fruits, vegetables, and sprouts, continue to capture the attention of the general public and scientists. The recurrence of these outbreaks, despite heightened producer and consumer awareness, combined with improved sanitation protocols and technology, can be explained by the hypothesis that enteric pathogens, such as nontyphoidal Salmonella spp. and enterovirulent Escherichia coli, have evolved to exploit plants as alternative hosts. Read More

    Xyloglucan, a Plant Polymer with Barrier Protective Properties over the Mucous Membranes: An Overview.
    Int J Mol Sci 2018 Feb 27;19(3). Epub 2018 Feb 27.
    Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition (ICTAN-CSIC), 28040 Madrid, Spain.
    Disruption of the epithelial barrier function has been recently associated with a variety of diseases, mainly at intestinal level, but also affecting the respiratory epithelium and other mucosal barriers. Non-pharmacological approaches such as xyloglucan, with demonstrated protective barrier properties, are proposed as new alternatives for the management of a wide range of diseases, for which mucosal disruption and, particularly, tight junction alterations, is a common characteristic. Xyloglucan, a natural polysaccharide derived from tamarind seeds, possesses a "mucin-like" molecular structure that confers mucoadhesive properties, allowing xyloglucan formulations to act as a barrier capable of reducing bacterial adherence and invasion and to preserve tight junctions and paracellular flux, as observed in different in vitro and in vivo studies. Read More

    The Interactions between Host Glycobiology, Bacterial Microbiota, and Viruses in the Gut.
    Viruses 2018 02 24;10(2). Epub 2018 Feb 24.
    Departament of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Valencia, Av. Blasco Ibañez 17, 46010 Valencia, Spain.
    Rotavirus (RV) and norovirus (NoV) are the major etiological agents of viral acute gastroenteritis worldwide. Host genetic factors, the histo-blood group antigens (HBGA), are associated with RV and NoV susceptibility and recent findings additionally point to HBGA as a factor modulating the intestinal microbial composition. In vitro and in vivo experiments in animal models established that the microbiota enhances RV and NoV infection, uncovering a triangular interplay between RV and NoV, host glycobiology, and the intestinal microbiota that ultimately influences viral infectivity. Read More

    Phylogenetic characterization of serovar Typhimurium and its monophasic variant isolated from food animals in Japan revealed replacement of major epidemic clones in the last four decades.
    J Clin Microbiol 2018 Feb 28. Epub 2018 Feb 28.
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, Izumisano, Osaka, Japan
    serovar Typhimurium ( Typhimurium) and its monophasic variant ( 4,[5],12:i:-) are the major cause of gastroenteritis in both humans and animals. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis have been used widely as subtyping methods for these pathogens in molecular epidemiological analyses, but the results do not precisely reflect phylogenetic information. In this study, we performed a phylogenetic analysis of these serovars using whole-genome sequencing data and identified nine distinct genotypic clades. Read More

    Bacterial culture and antibiotic susceptibility in patients with acute appendicitis.
    Int J Colorectal Dis 2018 Apr 27;33(4):441-447. Epub 2018 Feb 27.
    Department of Surgery, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, 102 Heukseok-Ro, Dongjak-Gu, Seoul, 06973, South Korea.
    Purpose: Essential treatment of acute appendicitis is surgical resection with the use of appropriate antibiotics. In order to effectively treat acute appendicitis, it is important to identify the microorganism of acute appendicitis and evaluate the effective antibiotics.

    Methods: A total of 694 patients who underwent appendectomy for acute appendicitis and had positive microbial result between 2006 and 2015 were recruited. Read More

    Role of a single noncoding nucleotide in the evolution of an epidemic African clade of .
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 Mar 27;115(11):E2614-E2623. Epub 2018 Feb 27.
    Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, L69 7ZB Liverpool, United Kingdom;
    serovar Typhimurium ST313 is a relatively newly emerged sequence type that is causing a devastating epidemic of bloodstream infections across sub-Saharan Africa. Analysis of hundreds of genomes has revealed that ST313 is closely related to the ST19 group of Typhimurium that cause gastroenteritis across the world. The core genomes of ST313 and ST19 vary by only ∼1,000 SNPs. Read More

    TYPLEX® Chelate, a novel feed additive, inhibits Campylobacter jejuni biofilm formation and cecal colonization in broiler chickens.
    Poult Sci 2018 Apr;97(4):1391-1399
    School of Chemistry, Center for Biomolecular Sciences, University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK.
    Reducing Campylobacter spp. carriage in poultry is challenging, but essential to control this major cause of human bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Although much is known about the mechanisms and route of Campylobacter spp. Read More

    Transitional and temporal changes in the mucosal and submucosal intestinal microbiota in advanced Crohn's disease of the terminal ileum.
    J Med Microbiol 2018 Apr 12;67(4):549-559. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    1​Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, Montana State University-Billings, Billings, MT, USA.
    Purpose: Crohn's disease is a chronic debilitating intestinal syndrome of unknown aetiology that is thought to result in part from an imbalance (dysbiosis) of the intestinal microbial populations, known as the microbiota. In this study we sought to compare the microbiota at the mucosal and submucosal levels at the resection margin in Crohn's disease to those in other intestinal dysbiotic disease controls to determine the level of bacterial translocation.

    Methodology: 16S microbiota sequencing was performed on DNA extracted from mucosal and submucosal samples from resected intestinal tissues from Crohn's disease and controls. Read More

    vacA s1m1 genotype and cagA EPIYA-ABC pattern are predominant among Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from Mexican patients with chronic gastritis.
    J Med Microbiol 2018 Mar 10;67(3):314-324. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    1​Laboratorio de Investigación Clínica, Facultad de Ciencias Químico-Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero, Av. Lázaro Cárdenas s/n C.U. Sur. Chilpancingo, Guerrero, C.P. 39090, Mexico.
    Purpose: Virulent genotypes of Helicobacter pylori vacA s1m1/cagA/babA2 have been associated with severe gastric diseases. VacA, CagA and BabA are polymorphic proteins, and their association with the disease is allele-dependent. The aims of this work were: (i) to determine the prevalence of H. Read More

    Isolation, characterization and genomic analysis of a novel lytic bacteriophage vB_SsoS-ISF002 infecting Shigella sonnei and Shigella flexneri.
    J Med Microbiol 2018 Mar 30;67(3):376-386. Epub 2018 Jan 30.
    2​State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of MOST, Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, PR China.
    Purpose: Shigellosis is one of the most important food-borne and water-borne diseases worldwide. Although antibiotics are considered as efficient agents for shigellosis treatment, improper use of these has led to the emergence of antibiotic-resistant Shigella spp. Therefore, finding a new strategy as alternative treatment seems necessary. Read More

    Diarrhea caused by rotavirus A, B, and C in suckling piglets from southern Brazil: molecular detection and histologic and immunohistochemical characterization.
    J Vet Diagn Invest 2018 Feb 1:1040638718756050. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    Setor de Patologia Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (Almeida, Cruz, Watanabe, Zlotowski, Driemeier).
    Rotavirus (RV) is an important viral pathogen causing diarrhea in piglets and other mammals worldwide. We describe 34 cases from 4 diarrheal outbreaks caused by RV in unvaccinated farrowing units in southern Brazil from 2011 to 2013. We performed autopsy, histologic examinations, bacterial culture, RV immunohistochemistry (IHC), and enteric virus detection through molecular assays for rotavirus A, B, and C, transmissible gastroenteritis virus, porcine epidemic diarrhea virus, sapovirus, norovirus, and kobuvirus. Read More

    Origin, evolution, and distribution of the molecular machinery for biosynthesis of sialylated lipooligosaccharide structures in Campylobacter coli.
    Sci Rep 2018 Feb 14;8(1):3028. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Agnes Sjöbergin katu 2, Helsinki, FI-00014, Finland.
    Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli are the most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Additionally, C. jejuni is the most common bacterial etiological agent in the autoimmune Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Read More

    Measles Virus Infection of Human Lymphocyte Subsets Demonstrates High Susceptibility and Permissiveness of both Naive and Memory B Cells.
    J Virol 2018 04 28;92(8). Epub 2018 Mar 28.
    Department of Viroscience, Postgraduate School of Molecular Medicine, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
    Measles is characterized by a transient immune suppression, leading to an increased risk of opportunistic infections. Measles virus (MV) infection of immune cells is mediated by the cellular receptor CD150, expressed by subsets of lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages, and thymocytes. Previous studies showed that human and nonhuman primate memory T cells express higher levels of CD150 than naive cells and are more susceptible to MV infection. Read More

    The possible relationship between Campylobacter spp./Arcobacter spp. and patients with ulcerative colitis.
    Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 May;30(5):531-538
    Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Erciyes University, Kayseri.
    Background And Aims: The role of bacterial infection in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) is under investigation. This study aims to (i) determine the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. and Arcobacter spp. Read More

    [Presence of intracellular Escherichia coli in patients with inflammatory bowel disease].
    Rev Med Chil 2017 Sep;145(9):1129-1136
    Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
    Background: Different strains of invasive Escherichia coli (E. coli), isolated from intestinal mucosa of patients, are related to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD).

    Aim: To evaluate an association between intracellular E. Read More

    Acute Diverticulitis Management.
    Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am 2018 Mar 29;30(1):67-74. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    Austin Peay State University, School of Nursing, 601 College Street, Clarksville, TN 37043, USA. Electronic address:
    Diverticular disease accounts for approximately 300,000 hospitalizations per year in the United States, resulting in 1.5 million days of inpatient care. Diverticulitis is defined as an inflammation of the diverticulum, which can be asymptomatic or symptomatic. Read More

    The Risk of Chronic Gastrointestinal Disorders Following Acute Infection with Intestinal Parasites.
    Front Microbiol 2018 23;9:17. Epub 2018 Jan 23.
    Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, MD, United States.
    Infectious gastroenteritis (IGE) is caused by numerous bacterial, viral, and parasitic pathogens. A history of IGE has been shown in previous studies to increase the risk of developing chronic gastrointestinal disorders and other chronic conditions. As bacteria and viruses represent the majority of pathogen-specific causes of IGE, post-infectious studies have primarily focused on these organisms. Read More

    Spectrum of infections in acute febrile illness in central India.
    Indian J Med Microbiol 2017 Oct-Dec;35(4):480-484
    Department of Microbiology, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India.
    Introduction: Infectious agent when enters in the host results in febrile illness. This may lead to increase in morbidity or even mortality in undiagnosed/untreated cases. There are many aetiological agents which lead to acute febrile illness. Read More

    Micro Integral Membrane Protein (MIMP), a Newly Discovered Anti-Inflammatory Protein of Lactobacillus Plantarum, Enhances the Gut Barrier and Modulates Microbiota and Inflammatory Cytokines.
    Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 25;45(2):474-490. Epub 2018 Jan 25.
    Department of GI Surgery, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University, Shanghai, China.
    Background/aims: Recent studies have demonstrated that the manipulation of the gut microbiome represents a promising treatment for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We previously identified micro integral membrane protein (MIMP) as the smallest domain of surface layer protein from Lactobacillus Plantarum. However, the therapeutic relevance of MIMP in IBD remains unknown. Read More

    The intra- and extraluminal appendiceal microbiome in pediatric patients: A comparative study.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(52):e9518
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Leipzig.
    Intestinal microbiota is involved in metabolic processes and the pathophysiology of various gastrointestinal disorders. We aimed to characterize the microbiome of the appendix in acute pediatric appendicitis comparing extraluminal and intraluminal samples.Between January and June 2015, 29 children (3-17 years, mean age 10. Read More

    Helicobacter pylori eradication improves the quality of life regardless of the treatment outcome: A multicenter prospective cohort study.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(52):e9507
    Digestive and Lifestyle Diseases, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan.
    Helicobacter pylori (Hp) eradication is recommended for improving the quality of life (QOL) of patients with epigastric symptoms, especially reflux and dyspepsia. However, no reports have investigated the improvement of QOL after the eradication of Hp irrespective of epigastric symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the improvement in the QOL after the eradication of Hp irrespective of epigastric symptoms, and evaluate the factors associated with an improved QOL after the eradication of Hp. Read More

    Acute appendicitis complicated with necrotizing fasciitis in a patient with adult-onset Still's disease: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Feb;97(5):e9794
    Division of Rheumatology/Immunology and Allergy, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital.
    Rationale: Adult-onset Still disease (AOSD) is a rare systemic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology characterized by evanescent salmon-pink rash, spiking fever, arthralgia/ arthritis, and lymphadenopathy. AOSD sometimes was fatal when it is complicated by macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) or hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). Nonetheless, the literature provides no recommendations for treatment of AOSD patients with severe sepsis. Read More

    The efficacy of combined therapy with metronidazole and broad-spectrum antibiotics on postoperative outcomes for pediatric patients with perforated appendicitis.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Nov;96(47):e8849
    Department of Pediatric General Surgery, Children's Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing.
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of combined therapy with metronidazole and broad-spectrum antibiotics for patients with perforated appendicitis who underwent surgical intervention.Broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy is warranted in the treatment of perforated appendicitis. Metronidazole has been used as anaerobic antimicrobial therapy. Read More

    Characterization of Pathogenic from the Chesapeake Bay, Maryland.
    Front Microbiol 2017 15;8:2460. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, Maryland Pathogen Research Institute, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, United States.
    is the leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis associated with seafood consumption in the United States. Here we investigated the presence of virulence factors and genetic diversity of isolated from water, oyster, and sediment samples from the Chesapeake Bay, Maryland. Of more than 2,350 presumptive collected, more than half were confirmed through PCR as , with 10 encoding both and and 6 encoding only . Read More

    Magnolol treatment attenuates dextran sulphate sodium-induced murine experimental colitis by regulating inflammation and mucosal damage.
    Life Sci 2018 Mar 2;196:69-76. Epub 2018 Feb 2.
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Jilin University, Changchun 130062, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
    Magnolol, the main and active ingredient of the Magnolia officinalis, has been widely used in traditional prescription to the human disorders. Magnolol has been proved to have several pharmacological properties including anti-bacterial, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the effects of magnolol on ulcerative colitis (UC) have not been reported. Read More

    Comparative genomics identifies distinct lineages of S. Enteritidis from Queensland, Australia.
    PLoS One 2018 16;13(1):e0191042. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Public Health Microbiology, Forensic and Scientific Services, Queensland Department of Health, Coopers Plains, Queensland, Australia.
    Salmonella enterica is a major cause of gastroenteritis and foodborne illness in Australia where notification rates in the state of Queensland are the highest in the country. S. Enteritidis is among the five most common serotypes reported in Queensland and it is a priority for epidemiological surveillance due to concerns regarding its emergence in Australia. Read More

    Phylogenetic diversity, antimicrobial susceptibility and virulence gene profiles of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae isolates from pigs in Germany.
    PLoS One 2018 11;13(1):e0190928. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Institute of Hygiene and Infectious Diseases of Animals, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, Germany.
    Swine dysentery (SD) is an economically important diarrheal disease in pigs caused by different strongly hemolytic Brachyspira (B.) species, such as B. hyodysenteriae, B. Read More

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