2,064 results match your criteria Gastritis Acute

Endoscopic assessment of morphological and histopathological upper gastrointestinal changes after endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

IHU-Strasbourg, Institute of Image-Guided Surgery, Strasbourg, France; IRCAD, Research Institute against Digestive Cancer, Strasbourg, France; Department of Digestive and Endocrine Surgery, Nouvel Hôpital Civil, Strasbourg University Hospital, Strasbourg, France.

Background: Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) is a promising bariatric endoluminal procedure. Restriction and shortening of the stomach are obtained by means of non-resorbable full-thickness sutures, thus inducing the formation of several endoluminal pouches in which food can stagnate. The effect of ESG on the upper gastrointestinal tract has never been investigated. Read More

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ZINC40099027 Promotes Gastric Mucosal Repair in Ongoing Aspirin-Associated Gastric Injury by Activating Focal Adhesion Kinase.

Cells 2021 Apr 15;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of North Dakota School of Medicine & Health Sciences, Grand Forks, ND 58203, USA.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs cause gastric ulcers and gastritis. No drug that treats GI injury directly stimulates mucosal healing. ZINC40099027 (ZN27) activates focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and heals acute indomethacin-induced small bowel injury. Read More

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Helicobacter pylori and colorectal neoplasms: a concise review.

Arq Gastroenterol 2021 Jan-Mar;58(1):114-119

Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

Helicobacter pylori is the main etiological agent of all malignant tumors caused by an infectious disease. It is a major, at times dominant, factor in the pathogenesis of a large spectrum of diseases such as acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, gastric carcinoma, and lymphoma. Epidemiological and experimental studies suggest that H. Read More

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The Significance of Focally Enhanced Gastritis in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients.

Histopathology 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/ Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, 10065, USA.

Aims: The histologic diagnosis of acute gastric graft versus host disease (aGVHD) in patients with a history of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) is based on the presence of epithelial cell apoptosis and karyorrhectic debris. There is however limited information on the histologic findings in patients who develop symptoms several months after transplant. Focally enhanced gastritis (FEG), defined by the presence of focal periglandular lymphohistiocytic inflammation with neutrophilic or lymphocytic intraepithelial infiltration of gastric glands, has been described in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and in HSCT patients. Read More

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[Phosphorus binders: trigger for intestinal diverticula formation in an ADPKD patient].

G Ital Nefrol 2021 Apr 14;38(2). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale di Catania, Ospedale Santa Marta e Santa Venera di Acireale, Unità Operativa Complessa di Nefrologia e Dialisi. Acireale (CT), Italia.

Hyperphosphoremia is common in patients with chronic kidney disease and is an important risk factor in this patient population. Phosphate binding drugs are a key therapeutic strategy to reduce phosphoremia levels, although they have significant side effects especially in the gastrointestinal tract, such as gastritis, diarrhoea and constipation. We report the case of a haemodialysis-dependent patient suffering from chronic kidney disease stage V KDIGO secondary to polycystic autosomal dominant disease; treated with phosphate binders, the case was complicated by the appearance of diverticulosis, evolved into acute diverticulitis. Read More

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Iodinated BSA Nanoparticles for Macrophage-Mediated CT Imaging and Repair of Gastritis.

Anal Chem 2021 04 12;93(16):6414-6420. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

State Key Laboratory of Radiation Medicine and Protection, School for Radiological and Interdisciplinary Sciences (RAD-X), Collaborative Innovation Center of Radiation Medicine of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China.

The development of a specific and noninvasive technology for understanding gastritic response together with efficient therapy is an urgent clinical issue. Herein, we fabricated a novel iodinated bovine serum albumin (BSA) nanoparticle based on gastritic microenvironment for computed tomography (CT) imaging and repair of acute gastritis. Derived from the characteristic mucosa defect and inflammatory cell (e. Read More

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Protective Effect of Ultraviolet C Irradiation on the Gastric Mucosa of Rats with Chronic Gastritis Induced by Physicochemical Stimulations.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 17;2021:5189797. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The Second Medical Centre, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.

Background: Chronic gastritis (CG) is a common digestive disease with the highest morbidity among multiple digestive diseases, which seriously lowers the life quality of patients. The pathological alternations of gastric mucosa, and its possible mechanisms have been the focus of CG-related researches. Accumulative basic and clinical evidence has confirmed that ultraviolet C (UVC) is effective in relieving superficial acute infective inflammation, skin and mucous membrane injuries, and ulcers, and promoting wound healing. Read More

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A Rare and Severe Presentation of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura in an Adolescent With Crescentic Glomerulonephritis, Arrhythmia, Acute Gastrointestinal Bleed, and Neurological Complications.

Cureus 2021 Mar 29;13(3):e14169. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Pathology, Norton Children's Hospital, Louisville, USA.

Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a childhood vasculitis disorder that involves the skin, joints, gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and kidneys. It is related to immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibody deposition in small blood vessels. HSP is a self-limiting disorder, but its morbidity is primarily associated with renal involvement. Read More

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Impact of Prior Digestive System Disease on In-Hospital Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction.

Risk Manag Healthc Policy 2021 22;14:1233-1239. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Heart Center & Beijing Key Laboratory of Hypertension, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Objective: Patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with prior digestive system disease are more likely to suffer from gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding than those without these diseases. However, few articles reported how the different conditions of the digestive tract produced different risks of GI bleeding.

Methods: A single-center study on 7464 patients admitted for AMI from December 2010 to June 2019 in the Beijing Chaoyang Heart Center was retrospectively examined. Read More

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The Epidemiology of Annular Pancreas in the United States: A Population-based Study.

J Clin Gastroenterol 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Cleveland Clinic Foundation Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Digestive Disease and Surgery Institute, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, OH Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY.

Background And Aims: Annular pancreas is a rare congenital condition where the second part of the duodenum is encircled by pancreatic tissue. There is a scarcity of data on its natural history therefore, we aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of annular pancreas and identify underlying associations using a large database.

Methods: A multi-institutional database (Explorys) was surveyed. Read More

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A Mouse Model of Helicobacter pylori Infection.

Methods Mol Biol 2021 ;2283:131-151

Division of Bacteriology, ICMR-National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India.

Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is of great distress because of its vital role in the pathogenesis of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and in the multi-step carcinogenic process of gastric cancer. The increasing antibiotic resistance pattern of H. Read More

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January 2021

[A case of gastric perforation that occurred during the incubation period for infectious mononucleosis in an adolescent patient].

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2021 ;118(3):245-250

Department of Surgery, Shizuoka City Shimizu Hospital.

A 17-year-old young man visited our hospital because of severe upper abdominal pain and was diagnosed with acute peritonitis caused by gastrointestinal perforation. Emergent surgical treatment was performed, and the perforated lesion of the stomach was repaired. He recovered and was discharged without any complication at 14 days postoperatively. Read More

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CMV Pancreatitis in an Immunocompromised Patient.

Case Rep Crit Care 2021 19;2021:8811396. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Nassau University Medical Center-Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, USA.

Introduction: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) virus affecting a large majority of the world's population. In immunocompetent patients, CMV infection can range anywhere from an asymptomatic course to mononucleosis. However, in the immunocompromised patient, prognosis can be deadly as CMV can disseminate to the retina, liver, lungs, heart, and GI tract. Read More

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February 2021

Ethanol induces necroptosis in gastric epithelial cells in vitro.

J Food Biochem 2021 Apr 9;45(4):e13692. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

State Laboratory of Cancer Biology and National Clinical Research Center for Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, Air Force Medical University, Xi'an, China.

The stomach frequently suffers from acute gastric diseases after excessive ingestion of high-concentration alcoholic beverages, but little is known about the pathological mechanism by which ethanol affects the gastric mucosa. The aim of this study was to explore the mechanism of gastric epithelial cell death induced by relatively high concentrations of ethanol in vitro. Ethanol was demonstrated to induce rapid cell death in a concentration-dependent manner (Spearman r = . Read More

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Re-bleed and Mortality Amongst Patients Following Initial Endoscopy for Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Single-Center Nigeria Study.

Cureus 2021 Jan 27;13(1):e12939. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Digestive Disease Unit, Oak Endoscopy Centre, Port Harcourt, NGA.

Background and aim Clinical and endoscopic parameters are predictive of patient outcome following acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The study aimed to investigate factors related to re-bleed and mortality following initial endoscopy among Nigerian patients with recent upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). Methods This is a cohort study of patients undergoing endoscopy for recent-onset UGIB at a referral endoscopy facility in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria, from April 2014 to November 2020. Read More

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January 2021

[Network pharmacology study of Yi medicine Jinweitai Capsules in treating gastrointestinal diseases].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2021 Feb;46(4):865-876

School of Pharmacy,Minzu University of China Beijing 100081,China Faculty of Life Science and Technology,Kunming University of Science and Technology Kunming 650504,China.

The network pharmacology and molecular docking methods were used to explore the mechanism of Jinweitai Capsules in the treatment of acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis. The chemical components of herbs in Jinweitai Capsules were collected through TCMSP, CNKI and PubMed. Target prediction was performed through PubChem and SwissTargetPrediction databases; genes relating to acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, chronic colitis were collected from OMIM database; potential targets of Jinweitai Capsules for relevant gastrointestinal diseases were obtained by Venny analysis; DAVID database was used to perform GO and KEGG enrichment analysis; protein interactions were obtained by STRING database and visua-lized by Cytoscape; AutoDockVina was used for molecular docking of AKT1, EGFR, PTPN11 and its reverse-selected chemical components. Read More

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February 2021

Underlying CTLA4 Deficiency in a Patient With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis and Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome Features Successfully Treated With Abatacept-A Case Report.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Neurosciences, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetic, and Maternal and Infant Health (DINOGMI), University of Genoa Haematology Unit Molecular Genetic Unit Clinica Pediatrica e Reumatologia, IRCCS Istituto G. Gaslini, Genoa, Italy Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Background: Functional variants of the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA4) could contribute to the pathogenesis of disorders characterized by abnormal T-cell responses.

Case Presentation: We report a case of a 13-year-old girl who first presented with polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis poorly responsive to treatment. During the following years the patient developed cytopenias, chronic lymphoproliferation, high values of T-cell receptor αβ+ CD4- CD8- double-negative T cells and defective Fas-mediated T cells apoptosis. Read More

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Prevalence and Clinical Manifestations of Helicobacter Pylori with Reference to Histopathological Diagnosis.

Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ) 2020 Jan.-Mar;18(69):64-67

Department of Pathology, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal.

Background Helicobacter pylori infection is on a steep decline in most of the developed countries; however, in developing countries like Nepal such steep decline is not seen. This may be due to failure of treatment regimens and emergence of drug resistance. Our previous study done in 2004/2005 showed 38% prevalence of Helicobacter pylori. Read More

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February 2021

Prevalence and associated risk factors of gastritis among patients visiting Saint Paul Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2021 9;16(2):e0246619. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Department of Statistics, Salale University, Fitche, Oromia, Ethiopia.

Background: The health of individuals is not only the absence of disease checked medically, but also encompasses social and psychological aspects. Any departure from the state of physiological, psychological, or social well-being was affected by different factors. However, all contributory factors were not equally responsible for affecting disease. Read More

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February 2021

Combination of antibiotics, gastric lavage and nasojejunal feeding-an effective alternative for the management of acute phlegmonous gastritis: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2021 Feb;49(2):300060520985742

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, 149 Dalian Road, Zunyi City, Guizhou Province 563000, China.

Background: Phlegmonous gastritis is a rare bacterial infection of the gastric wall, characterised by purulent inflammation of the gastric mucosa, submucosa and muscularis layers. Phlegmonous gastritis has a high mortality rate, even with correct diagnosis and antimicrobial therapy.

Case Presentation: A 22-year-old man presented for acute epigastric pain associated with aqueous diarrhoea, vomiting and sustained fever. Read More

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February 2021

A case of phlegmonous gastritis after acute pharyngitis.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Apr 4;14(2):500-505. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Internal Medicine, Tottori Municipal Hospital, 1-1 Matoba, Tottori, 6808501, Japan.

We report a case of phlegmonous gastritis that followed an episode of acute pharyngitis. A 21-year-old man visited our emergency room because of intense epigastric pain. Fourteen days before the visit, he had symptoms of a sore throat and high fever. Read More

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Experimental Modeling of Eosinophil-Associated Diseases.

Methods Mol Biol 2021 ;2241:275-291

John W. Deming Department of Medicine, Section of Pulmonary Diseases, Tulane Eosinophilic Disorder Center (TEDC), Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Eosinophils are an important subtype of leukocytes derived from bone marrow multipotent hematopoietic stem cells and represent about 1% of leukocytes in circulating blood. In homeostatic conditions, eosinophils reside in the intestine to maintain the balance of immune responses by communicating with gut microbes without causing inflammation. However, under the stressed or diseased condition, eosinophils degranulate, releasing their granule-derived cytotoxic proteins that are involved in inflammatory responses. Read More

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Cytomegalovirus gastritis: Clinicopathological profile.

Dig Liver Dis 2021 Jan 11. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch5, Fu-Hsin Street, Guei-Shan District, Taoyuan City, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Taiwan Association of the Study of Small Intestinal Disease, Taiwan; Liver Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) gastritis is occasionally reported in case reports and limited case series. Up to now, it is the largest and most comprehensive retrospective study of CMV gastritis.

Methods: All patients who were histologically diagnosed with CMV gastritis at Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between January 2000 and April 2020 were included. Read More

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January 2021

Phlegmonous gastritis complicated by abdominal compartment syndrome: a case report.

BMC Surg 2021 Jan 4;21(1). Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Department of Surgery, Scarborough Health Network, University of Toronto, 3030 Lawrence Avenue East, suite 414, Toronto, ON, M1P 2T7, Canada.

Background: Phlegmonous gastritis (PG) is a rare, suppurative bacterial infection of the gastric wall, which may rapidly evolve into fatal septicemia. The etiology and pathogenesis are poorly understood; however, multiple risk factors have been cited in current literature. Most cases have been diagnosed at autopsy, and occasionally at laparotomy, as the clinical presentation is often variable. Read More

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January 2021

Type 2 Immunity and Age Modify Gene Expression of Coronavirus-induced Disease 2019 Receptors in Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disorders.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2021 05;72(5):718-722

Department of Bioengineering.

Abstract: Infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) can lead to coronavirus-induced disease 2019 (COVID-19). The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is now an appreciated portal of infection. SARS-CoV-2 enters host cells via angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) and the serine protease TMPRSS2. Read More

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Acute Cholecystitis-like Presentation in an Adult Patient with Gallbladder Agenesis: Case Report and Literature Review.

Case Rep Surg 2020 16;2020:8883239. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Department of Surgery, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Amarillo, TX, USA.

Introduction: Gallbladder agenesis (GA) is a rare congenital malformation, and majority are asymptomatic; however, symptomatic patients present with a clinical picture similar to biliary colic. Work up usually shows contracted gallbladder (GB) on ultrasound (US), and HIDA scan shows nonvisualization. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) can be helpful in the diagnosis; however, the diagnosis without the latter can only be established intraoperatively. Read More

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December 2020

Bilateral adrenal haemorrhage complicated by sepsis, coagulopathy, influenza A and adrenal crisis.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Dec 28;13(12). Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Radiology, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen, UK.

Bilateral adrenal haemorrhage is a rare and often fatal condition that most commonly occurs under conditions of severe physiological stress. We describe a 33-year-old male patient with ulcerative colitis who presented with acute worsening epigastric pain, vomiting and raised inflammatory markers. Initial differentials included gastritis and peptic ulceration. Read More

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December 2020

Radiation-induced damage in the upper gastrointestinal tract: clinical presentation, diagnostic tests and treatment options.

Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2020 Oct - Dec;48-49:101711. Epub 2020 Nov 13.

Universitätsklinik für Gastroenterologie, Hepatologie und Infektiologie, Germany. Electronic address:

Radiation-induced damage of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract results from radiation of GI tumors or structures adjacent to the GI tract. Radiation-induced damages of the upper GI tract may be acute or delayed, and ranges from lack of appetite, mucosal inflammation (i.e. Read More

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January 2021

Ethanolic extract of okra has a potential gastroprotective effect on acute gastric lesions in Sprague Dawley rats.

Food Sci Nutr 2020 Dec 23;8(12):6691-6698. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

Department of Food Engineering and Technology Faculty of Engineering and Technology University Gezira Wad Medani Sudan.

Okra ( has various bioactive components used for the treatment of different diseases such as gastritis and ulcers. This research aims to examine the anti-inflammatory and anti-ulcer attributes of okra extract against gastric lesions. Adult Sprague Dawley male albino rats were divided into five groups. Read More

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December 2020

Acute Phlegmonous Gastritis Complicated by Subphrenic Abscess.

J Emerg Med 2021 Mar 7;60(3):e49-e52. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Phlegmonous gastritis (PG) is a rare and potentially fatal disease characterized by bacterial infection of the gastric wall. However, its clinical features are nonspecific, which may delay its diagnosis and treatment.

Case Report: We report a case of a previously healthy 53-year-old woman with localized PG complicated by subphrenic abscess formation who was treated successfully with antibiotics and percutaneous catheter drainage. Read More

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