2,167 results match your criteria Gastric Volvulus


Pediatric Gastric Volvulus: Is Laparoscopic Hill-Snow-Modified Gastropexy the Effective Long-Term Minimally Invasive Solution?

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2022 Jun 6. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Pediatric Surgery and Pediatric Minimally Invasive Surgery and New Technologies, San Bortolo Hospital, Vicenza, Italy.

Gastric volvulus (GV) is a rare and life-threatening condition if not promptly diagnosed and treated. Extreme rotation can cause obstruction cutting off blood supply to stomach and distal organs, leading to ischemia and necrosis. It is a clinically significant cause of acute/recurrent abdominal pain and chronic vomiting in children. Read More

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Severe Gastric Mucosal Necrosis Due to Giant Paraesophageal Hernia.

Cureus 2022 Apr 28;14(4):e24564. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Gastroenterology, HCA Florida Bayonet Point Hospital, Hudson, USA.

Hiatal hernias occur when part of the intra-abdominal contents protrude into the chest cavity. Paraesophageal hernia (PEH) is a type of hiatal hernia that is chronic and usually asymptomatic. Although patients may not present with alarming symptoms, the complications of PEH may be severe if left untreated. Read More

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The Key Role of Upper Endoscopy in Diagnosing Gastric Herniation and Volvulus in Acute Gastrointestinal Obstruction.

Case Rep Gastroenterol 2022 Jan-Apr;16(1):252-257. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA.

The diagnosis of gastric volvulus can be a clinical challenge as it is rare, and the symptoms are often nonspecific and intermittent. Upper endoscopy is a minimally invasive intervention that may be repeated more than once to provide key information and ultimately establish such a diagnosis. To emphasize the role of upper endoscopy in surgical cases with recurrent upper gastrointestinal obstructions, we present a case of intermittent gastric volvulus in a patient with a remote history of complex chest wall reconstruction for invasive breast cancer using an omental flap. Read More

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Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation to Occlude the Thoracic Duct: Preclinical Studies in Swine for a Potential Alternative to Embolization.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Medical Imaging, University of Arizona, 1501 N. Campbell Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85724.

Purpose: To investigate the feasibility of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) to occlude the thoracic duct (TD) in a swine model with imaging and histologic correlation.

Materials And Methods: Six swine underwent TD RFA. Two terminal (4 hours; 1 open, 1 percutaneous) and four survival (30 days; all percutaneous) studies were performed. Read More

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Acute organoaxial gastric volvulus-A dangerous twist.

Clin Case Rep 2022 Apr 26;10(4):e05785. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Internal Medicine Michigan State University at Hurley Medical Center Flint Michigan USA.

Acute gastric volvulus is a rare yet life-threatening condition with mortality ranging from 30% to 50% if not treated promptly. The stomach rotates on itself causing strangulation precipitating necrosis, cameron lesions, and perforation. Long-standing paraesophageal hernia is a common cause of organoaxial gastric volvulus. Read More

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The Unusual Suspect: An Acute Gastric Dilation With Volvulus in a Scleroderma Patient.

Cureus 2022 Mar 24;14(3):e23436. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Albany Medical Center, Albany, USA.

Systemic scleroderma (SSc) is a chronic autoimmune disorder that can affect various organ systems. About 90% of patients with SSc have gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations, with esophageal dysmotility being the most frequently reported. While esophageal involvement is the most common, other segments of the upper GI tract can be affected as well, such as the stomach or small bowel. Read More

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Gastric Signet Ring Cell Adenocarcinoma Presenting as Intermittent Volvulus of Small Bowel: A Case Presentation and Review of the Literature.

Cureus 2022 Mar 16;14(3):e23228. Epub 2022 Mar 16.

Gastroenterology, Staten Island University Hospital - Northwell Health, New York, USA.

Signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is an uncommon and poorly differentiated tumor. It arises mostly in the gastrointestinal tract. The incidence of gastric SRCC has increased in the past few years. Read More

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Congenital intestinal malrotation with gastric wall defects causing extensive gut necrosis and short gut syndrome: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2022 Mar;10(9):2851-2857

Children's Disease Diagnosis and Treatment Center, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130041, Jilin Province, China.

Background: Congenital intestinal malrotation (CIM) is a common malformation in neonates. Early diagnosis and surgical intervention can improve the prognosis. CIM combined with congenital gastric wall defect is a potentially fatal condition. Read More

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Delayed Presentation of Gastric Volvulus with Gastric Outlet Obstruction after Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy.

Case Rep Surg 2022 8;2022:2157522. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Al Noor Specialist Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Globally among bariatric procedures, SG popularity has grown significantly. New complications arise as a result of the rapid growth in the numbers of LSG. Once SG has been performed, the stomach is left with no fixations along the entire greater curvature, which may predispose to volvulus. Read More

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Patients with gastric volvulus recurrence have high incidence of wandering spleen requiring laparoscopic gastropexy and splenopexy.

Pediatr Surg Int 2022 Jun 7;38(6):875-881. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550, Japan.

Purpose: Though gastric volvulus in neonates and infants resolves by conservative therapy and aging, some cases require surgical intervention. This study aimed to review the cases of gastric volvulus requiring surgical intervention and evaluate their characteristics.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed gastric volvulus cases requiring surgical intervention. Read More

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Gastric volvulus presented with an upside-down stomach.

Pediatr Neonatol 2022 Jan 8. Epub 2022 Jan 8.

Department of Surgery, Chang Gung Children's Hospital, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, 333, Taiwan. Electronic address:

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January 2022

Gastric volvulus associated with anomalous mediastinal origin of the diaphragm.

Pediatr Int 2022 Jan;64(1):e15097

Department of Pediatric General & Urogenital Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

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January 2022

Military Working Dogs Operating in Afghanistan Theater: Comparison between Pre- and Post-Mission Blood Analyses to Monitor Physical Fitness and Training.

Animals (Basel) 2022 Mar 1;12(5). Epub 2022 Mar 1.

Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, 40064 Ozzano dell'Emilia, BO, Italy.

The intergovernmental organization known as the United Nations (UN) was born "to maintain international peace and security" through different operations and tasks, including "mine action" and "explosive detection". Explosives are the most frequent cause of injuries in military personnel and an enormous danger for civilians. The role of explosive detection dogs (EDDs) and mine detection dogs has gained great consideration over time, leading to their intense use in military operations. Read More

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Congenital paraesophageal hernia with gastric outlet obstruction in a neonate with Cornelia de Lange Syndrome.

Radiol Case Rep 2022 May 3;17(5):1478-1482. Epub 2022 Mar 3.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st St. SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA.

We describe a case of a newborn being treated for encephalopathy and seizures, whose radiographs since the first day of life demonstrate a persistent ovoid lucency over the central lower chest. A CT performed confirmed a type IV hiatal hernia, which is defined as a paraesophageal type hernia containing a portion of the abdominal viscera. This infant's hernia included the distal stomach, pylorus, and proximal duodenum. Read More

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Assessment of the Role of Omentopexy in Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Tertiary Center Experience.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2022 Mar 3. Epub 2022 Mar 3.

Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is one of the most common bariatric procedures due its high success and low complication rates. However, acid reflux and food intolerance remain drawbacks of the procedure, with high frequency of postoperative gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and eating disorders reported by previous studies. Omentopexy is not a standard technique in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and showed promising results in preventing these sequelae. Read More

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Complex hiatal hernia with gastric volvulus associated.

Cir Esp (Engl Ed) 2022 03 23;100(3):172. Epub 2022 Feb 23.

Servicio de Cirugía General y Digestiva, Departamento de Cirugía Gastrointestinal, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

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'Back-and-Forth Stomach' CT Imaging Findings of a Pathophysiologic Entity Causing Acute Gastric Volvulus.

Tomography 2022 01 21;8(1):245-256. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Department of Radiology, Infanta Margarita Hospital, 14940 Cabra, Spain.

Background: Gastric volvulus (GV) is a life-threatening emergency condition that prompts emergent surgical management. With the advent of high-resolution computed tomography (CT), the role of radiologists in its diagnosis has become essential. Although many cases of GV have been described in the literature, its pathophysiology is still poorly understood. Read More

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January 2022

Discordant intestinal malrotation in adult monozygotic twins discovered incidentally during laparoscopic gastric bypass: A case report and review of the literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Mar 8;92:106819. Epub 2022 Feb 8.

Department of Clinical Surgical Sciences, University of the West Indies, St Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.

Introduction And Importance: Intestinal Malrotation is an uncommon entity in the adult population; more so in monozygotic twins, where concordance is expected. In literature, discordant intestinal Malrotation has only been discovered when one twin became symptomatic, and the other was screened. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first documented case of discordant adult type intestinal Malrotation in otherwise asymptomatic monozygotic twins discovered incidentally during Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric bypass (LRYGB). Read More

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Updated Information on Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus and Gastropexy in Dogs.

Authors:
Desiree Rosselli

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2022 Mar 24;52(2):317-337. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

VCA West Los Angeles Animal Hospital, 1900 South Sepulveda Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90025, USA. Electronic address:

Gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV) is an acute, life-threatening syndrome of dogs, particularly large and giant breeds with a deep chest conformation. Rapid diagnosis is important for prompt initiation of stabilization therapy and surgical correction. Negative prognostic factors include hyperlactatemia not responding to fluid therapy, gastric perforation, or need for splenectomy or gastric resection. Read More

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Acute Gastric Volvulus in the Setting of a Paraesophageal Hernia With Hemoperitoneum: Emergency Department Diagnosis and Management.

Cureus 2021 Dec 14;13(12):e20404. Epub 2021 Dec 14.

Emergency Medicine, Envision Physician Services, Plantation, USA.

Acute gastric volvulus is an uncommon emergency department (ED) presentation associated with high mortality from gastric ischemia and perforation. The diagnosis of this pathology is complicated by its intermittent symptoms and similarity in presentation to more common disorders encountered in the ED. Assessing for key risk factors, such as the presence of a hiatal hernia, and the use of expeditious imaging modalities, such as bedside radiography and point-of-care ultrasonography, are essential in rapid diagnosis and time-sensitive, definitive surgical intervention. Read More

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December 2021

Pathophysiology of intraabdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome and relevance to veterinary critical care.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2022 Jan;32(S1):48-56

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Background: Increased intraabdominal pressure, termed intraabdominal hypertension (IAH), is reported as an independent cause of morbidity and mortality in the human ICU but, until recently, has been rarely described in veterinary species outside of experimental models. Failure to identify severe IAH leads to organ dysfunction, termed abdominal compartment syndrome, and rapidly becomes fatal without therapeutic intervention. Although the veterinary community has been slow to address the concept of IAH and associated comorbidities, recent companion and large animal case series and experimental studies suggest IAH may also be common in veterinary species and correlates well with risk factors and grading systems already described in the human literature. Read More

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January 2022

Gastric volvulus and tension gastrothorax secondary to spontaneous transdiaphragmatic intercostal hernia.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Jan 17;15(1). Epub 2022 Jan 17.

Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.

Spontaneous transdiaphragmatic intercostal hernia is an extremely rare clinical entity featuring dual defects in the diaphragm and chest wall. We report on the case of a 59-year-old man who developed a large left-sided hernia secondary to the minor trauma of a coughing fit. The hernia subsequently enlarged over the course of 3 years until it contained the stomach, leading to a gastric volvulus and tension gastrothorax with secondary pneumothorax. Read More

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January 2022

The Unfolding Situation of Caecal Volvulus: A Retrospective Analysis of 36 Cases From a Single Center.

Cureus 2022 Jan 10;14(1):e21071. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, NHS Highland, Inverness, GBR.

Background Caecal volvulus (CV) is a rare cause of bowel obstruction. However, there has been a steady rise in the number of cases over the decades. The demographic profile of patients developing CV has changed to a much older population. Read More

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January 2022

Reduction of acute gastric volvulus in a 3-year-old using a balloon-attached endoscope combined with gel immersion endoscopy.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2022 Feb 9;15(1):95-100. Epub 2022 Jan 9.

Department of Pediatrics, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, Japan.

When performing endoscopic reduction in patients with gastric volvulus, it is important to maintain a low level of intragastric pressure and to fix the endoscope in the duodenum. Gel immersion endoscopy is a new method for securing the visual field by injecting clear gel. The balloon-attached endoscope makes it easier to fix the tip in the duodenum without mucosal damage. Read More

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February 2022

A distinctive case of congenital midgut malrotation with volvulus in an adolescent female managed by Ladd's procedure - A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jan 5;90:106752. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Surgery, Al-Mouwasat University Hospital, Syria. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Midgut Malrotation (MM) is a potentially fatal and rare congenital anomaly that results from an incomplete rotation of the bowel 270 degrees around the Superior Mesenteric Axis. Newborns are the most affected age group, nevertheless, adult malrotation can manifest, but in a much rarer incidence rate. Clinical awareness must be present when faced with a surgical abdomen in an adolescent patient because this pathology can have several misleading signs and symptoms which may eclipse the true preoperative diagnosis and masquerade as another, and this could result in implementing a different therapeutic approach. Read More

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January 2022

Outcomes of dogs undergoing surgery for gastric dilatation volvulus after rapid versus prolonged medical stabilization.

Vet Surg 2022 Jan 6. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

CHV des Cordeliers, Meaux, France.

Objective: To compare the outcomes of dogs surgically treated for gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV) after rapid versus prolonged medical stabilization.

Study Design: Prospective cohort study, monoinstitutional.

Sample Population: One hundred and sixty-two dogs with GDV. Read More

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January 2022

Prenatal imaging features and perinatal outcomes of foetal volvulus-A literature review.

Prenat Diagn 2022 Feb 4;42(2):192-200. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Saint Lucia, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: To conduct a review of the literature on foetal volvulus with emphasis on prenatal imaging, pregnancy characteristics and clinical outcomes.

Methods: A review of all published cases of foetal volvulus diagnosed prenatally and indexed in Medline, EBSCOhost, CINAHL, SOCIndex and Healthy Policy Reference Centre. Studies without antenatal sonographic signs of foetal volvulus and without a postpartum surgical diagnosis were excluded. Read More

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February 2022

Gastric outlet obstruction secondary to omental fat in a parahiatal hernia resulting in a gastric volvulus.

ANZ J Surg 2021 Dec 15. Epub 2021 Dec 15.

Department of General Surgery, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

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December 2021

Hiatus hernia with gastric volvulus and duodenum component: a case report.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Dec 11;2021(12):rjab548. Epub 2021 Dec 11.

General Surgery, Federal University of São Paulo, Durval Clemente Street, São Paulo, Brazil.

Gastric volvulus is a rare condition defined as an abnormal stomach rotation around its axis, which usually presents in children under a year or in adults in their fifth decade. Cases over 70-year-old are rare and only 30% of cases of this disease present with mesenteric-axial rotation of the stomach. In this article, we report a rare case of mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus associated with hiatal hernia, in an 88-year-old woman, who presented to the Emergency Department of our institution with bowel obstruction symptoms. Read More

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December 2021