382,287 results match your criteria Gastric Ulcers
Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 6;51(5):2010-2018. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Background/aims: MicroRNAs have a significant role in the tumorigenesis and progression of cancers, including gastric cancer (GC). Our study aimed to identify a novel biomarker to predict the prognosis of patients with GC.
Methods: The GC microarray dataset, GSE28700, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and screened for differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs). Read More
Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 6;51(5):2136-2147. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Background/aims: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play vital roles in carcinogenesis as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. This study explored the biological function of lncRNA gastric adenocarcinoma predictive long intergenic non-coding RNA (GAPLINC) in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Methods: GAPLINC expression in NSCLC specimens and cell lines was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. Read More
Digestion 2018 Dec 6:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.
Background/aims: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) using the Clutch Cutter (CC), a scissor-type knife, compared with those of procedures using conventional devices.
Methods: This single-center retrospective study evaluated 237 patients with early gastric cancer: 83 who underwent ESD using the CC group and 154 who underwent ESD using the insulated-tip knife 2 (IT2 group). Clinicopathological features and technical outcomes were compared between the 2 groups using a propensity score-matched analysis. Read More
Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 29;54:42-46. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of General Surgery, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Introduction: Mucormycosis is a life threatening fungal infection that occurs in immunocompromised patients.
Presentation Of Case: A 36-year-old Saudi male with known case of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM), who was presented with productive cough and diarrhea. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a disseminated fungal invasion of the lungs and spleen with invading the fundus of the stomach. Read More
J Pharm Biomed Anal 2018 Nov 24;165:101-111. Epub 2018 Nov 24.
School of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
Although major adverse effects associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are gastric injury, assessment of NSAIDs-induced gastrointestinal adverse effects is mostly dependent on endoscopy due to the lack of plasma biomarkers. Several amino acids associated with collagenase activity and gastric mucosal mass have been suggested as plasma biomarker candidates for gastric injury. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the plasma biomarker candidates, i. Read More
Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 30;54:31-36. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Trabzon Kanuni Education and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey.
Purpose: To investigate the relationship between gastric wall fat halo sign and visceral obesity with potentially associated diseases.
Materials And Methods: Between September 2015 and April 2017, 90 patients with gastric wall fat halo signs and 130 controls were prospectively evaluated. Patient height, weight, body mass index (BMI), sex, age, subcutaneous fat area (SFA), visceral fat area (VFA), total fat area (TFA), percentage of visceral fat (VF%) and the presence of colic or ileal fat halo signs, hepatic steatosis and aortic calcified plaques were recorded for the two groups. Read More
Int J Surg 2018 Dec 3;60:283-290. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Xenotransplantation Program, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. Electronic address:
Background: There is well-documented systemic inflammatory response in xenograft recipients to the presence of a pig graft. Serum amyloid A (SAA) is an inflammatory marker that is elevated in various pathological states. The assay used to measure it is (i) simple, (ii) relatively inexpensive, and (iii) provides an answer within minutes. Read More
Arch Biochem Biophys 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of General Surgery, The First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province, Kunming, Yunnan, 650032, China. Electronic address:
Gastric cancer is one of the prevalent types of cancers and despite improvements in its treatment, the overall survival is still far from descent. The dearth of efficient biomarkers, chemotherapeutic agents and therapeutic targets form a major hurdle in the treatment of the gastric cancer. Accumulating evidences suggest that MicroRNAs (miRs) may prove important therapeutic targets/agents for the management of cancers including gastric cancer. Read More
Acta Biochim Pol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Uniwersytet Gdański Wydział Chemii Katedra Biotechnologii Molekularnej ul. Wita Stwosza 63 80-308 Gdańsk.
Supplementing the human microbiome with probiotic microorganisms is a proposed solution for civilization syndromes such as dysbiosis and gastrointestinal tract (GIT) disorders. Bimodal probiotic strains of the Bacillus genus constitute the microbiota of the human environment, and are typically found in soil, water, a number of non-dairy fermented foods, as well as in human and animal GIT. Probiotic Bacillus sp. Read More
Rom J Intern Med 2018 Dec;56(4):227-232
"Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.
The prevalence of obesity is rising, becoming a medical problem worldwide. Also GERD incidence is higher in obese patients compared with normal weight, with an increased risk of 2.5 of developing symptoms and erosive esophagitis. Read More
Int J Cancer 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy.
Diets rich in vegetables and fruit have been associated with reduced risk of gastric cancer, and there is suggestive evidence that citrus fruits have a protective role. This study aimed at evaluating and quantifying the association between citrus fruit consumption and gastric cancer risk. We conducted a one-stage pooled analysis including 6340 cases and 14,490 controls from 15 case-control studies from the Stomach cancer Pooling (StoP) Project consortium. Read More
J Immunother 2019 Jan;42(1):1-10
Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnology, University of Naples Federico II.
The Tyrosine Kinase Receptor ErbB2 (HER2) when overexpressed in breast cancer (BC) is associated with poor prognosis. The monoclonal antibody Trastuzumab has become a standard treatment of ErbB2+BC. The antibody treatment has limited efficacy, often meets resistance and induces cardiotoxicity. Read More
Anticancer Drugs 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Medical Oncology, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital.
The aim of this retrospective analysis was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of combination chemotherapy with paclitaxel, 5-fluorouracil, and leucovorin (TFL) as first-line treatment in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). One hundred and thirteen patients were enrolled in the study who were confirmed to have AGC by histopathology. These patients were treated with TFL: paclitaxel at a dose of 135 mg/m as a 3-h intravenous infusion on day 1, LV 400 mg/m as an intravenous infusion over 2 h on day 1, followed by 5-fluorouracil 2400 mg/m as an infusion over a 46-h period on 3 consecutive days. Read More
Ugeskr Laeger 2018 Dec;180(49)
Orogastric aspiration (OA) without orogastric lavage has been the traditional gastric emptying method of choice in Denmark; this being based on national historic studies on poisoned patients. The treatment is still observed to be initiated prior to consultations with the Danish poisons information centre. In this review, we present relevant knowledge in the field of OA. Read More
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Australia.
Expression of the cytokine IL-11 is elevated in human Helicobacter pylori infection and progressively increases with worsening gastric pathology. Additionally, IL-11 is required for tumour development in STAT3 dependent murine models of gastric cancer (GC) and, when administered acutely, causes resolving atrophic gastritis. However, it is unclear whether locally elevated IL-11 ligand expression can, in isolation from oncogenic gp130-JAK-STAT pathway mutations, initiate GC pathogenesis. Read More
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Hvidovre University Hospital.
Dietary fat, and particularly fatty acids from hydrolyzed triglycerides, reduce appetite, whereas, paradoxically, a high-fat diet leads to excess calorie intake and weight gain. We therefore hypothesized that the appetite-regulating effects of dietary fat is perturbed in obesity. Ten men with severe obesity (median BMI 51. Read More
Ir Med J 2018 08 13;111(7):792. Epub 2018 Aug 13.
University Hospital Galway, Ireland
Introduction A 62-year-old lady presented to The Emergency Department (ED) with one-day history of dizziness, vomiting and feeling weak. ECG showed new onset Atrial Fibrillation. Four days ago, she was referred to the Cardiology team where she underwent PCI and was discharged on Apixaban and Plavix. Read More
Int J Eat Disord 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Fargo, North Dakota.
Objective: This study examines the course of eating pathology and its associations with change in weight and health-related quality of life following bariatric surgery.
Method: Participants (N = 184) completed the eating disorder examination-bariatric surgery version (EDE-BSV) and the medical outcomes study 36-Item short form health survey (SF-36) prior to and annually following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) for up to 7 years.
Results: The prevalence of ≥ weekly loss of control (LOC) eating, picking/nibbling, and cravings declined post-RYGB and remained lower through 7 years (LOC: 5. Read More
Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1259-1262
Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.
Objectives: To analyze the overall trends in cancer incidence and mortality in Saudi Arabia between 1990 and 2016. Methods: Data were retrieved through a Global Burden of Disease (GBD, 2016) database (Viz Hub) that is developed by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington. Results: The incidence of cancer increased around 26-fold for thyroid cancer; approximately 10-fold in breast, colon, bladder and uterine cancers; 8-fold for prostate cancer; 5-fold for renal cancer; 4-fold for pancreatic and ovarian cancer; 3. Read More
Diabetes Obes Metab 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Adelaide Medical School, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia.
Aims: To evaluate the effects of 12 weeks' treatment with a whey/guar preload on gastric emptying, postprandial glycaemia, and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), in type 2 diabetes (T2DM).
Materials And Methods: 79 patients with T2DM managed on diet or metformin (HbA1c 6.6±0. Read More
J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Infectious Disease, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) exert key regulators in cancer development and progression. The functional significance of lncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 20 (SNHG20) was reported in gastric cancer (GC); however, the underlying molecular mechanism in GC development is largely unknown. Here, our results showed that the lncRNA SNHG20 expression was significantly higher in GC tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis. Read More
Eur Radiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the clinical prognostic significance of radiomics signature (R-signature) in patients with gastric cancer who had undergone radical resection.
Methods: A total of 181 patients with gastric cancer who had undergone radical resection were enrolled in this retrospective study. The association between the R-signature and overall survival (OS) was assessed in the primary cohort and verified in the validation cohort. Read More
Dig Dis Sci 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Finch Therapeutics, Somerville, MA, USA.
Background: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an effective therapy for recurrent Clostridium. difficile infection (rCDI). FMT capsules have emerged, and it is unknown if delivery location and dose impact efficacy. Read More
Int J Colorectal Dis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Surgery, University Hospital of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
Purpose: Postoperative ileus (POI) is a common complication after abdominal surgery. Invasive stimulation of the cervical vagus nerve is known to reduce inflammatory response and ameliorated POI after surgery in a mouse model. However, the transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (tVNS) is a possible non-invasive approach. Read More
Clin Transl Radiat Oncol 2019 Jan 26;14:33-39. Epub 2018 Oct 26.
Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht, the Netherlands.
Background And Purpose: Accurate delineation of the primary tumour is vital to the success of radiotherapy and even more important for successful boost strategies, aiming for improved local control in oesophageal cancer patients. Therefore, the aim was to assess delineation variability of the gross tumour volume (GTV) between CT and combined PET-CT in oesophageal cancer patients in a multi-institutional study.
Materials And Methods: Twenty observers from 14 institutes delineated the primary tumour of 6 cases on CT and PET-CT fusion. Read More
Cureus 2018 Sep 14;10(9):e3306. Epub 2018 Sep 14.
Medicine, Xavier University School of Medicine, Oranjestad, ABW.
Pernicious anemia (also known as Biermer's disease) is an autoimmune atrophic gastritis which predominantly affects the fundus of the stomach. It results in a deficiency of vitamin B12 (cobalamin) as it affects the normal process of absorption in the ileum. The pernicious anemia is characterized by a wide range of hematological and neurological features. Read More
Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2018 Dec 22;36:235-238. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Surgical Gastroenterology and Liver Transplantation, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India.
Metastatic tumors to stomach are extremely rare with very few cases being described so far in the surgical literature. Colonic tumors metastatic to stomach represent a rarer entity and present a surgical challenge for diagnosis and management to the clinician. We, hereby present a case of adenocarcinoma of transverse colon metastatic to stomach more than 6 years after the index malignancy, presenting clinically with features of gastric outlet obstruction. Read More
Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2018 Dec 13;36:231-234. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
Department of Surgery, University Hospital Hairmyres, NHS Lanarkshire, East Kilbride, G75 8RG, Scotland, UK.
Introduction: Unexplained lactic acidosis (LA) in a critically ill patient often prompts investigations to rule out any reversible intra-abdominal cause. Equivocal results can lead to an emergency laparotomy (EL) with subsequent high morbidity and mortality rates. Our objective was to determine the clinical impact of urgent diagnostic laparoscopy (UDL) in such patients. Read More
J Cancer 2018 31;9(23):4527-4535. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
Department of General Surgery, Wujiang No.1 People's Hospital affiliated to Nantong University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215200, PR China.
Cisplatin (CDDP) has been extensively used for gastric cancer (GC) treatment but limited by drug resistance and severe toxicity. The chemo-sensitizers that enhance its efficiency and overcome its limitation are urgently needed. Oxymatrine (OMT), a primary active ingredient from the dry roots of Sophora favescens, has shown powerful anti-cancer property with little side-effect. Read More
J Cancer 2018 22;9(23):4404-4412. Epub 2018 Oct 22.
Department of Gastric Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian Province, China.
To discuss the relationship between the clinicopathological data, long-term survival of gastric cancer patients and different expression levels of Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5 (CDK5) and Protein Phosphatase 2A (PP2A). The expression levels of CDK5 and PP2A were detected by immunohistochemistry in specimens from 124 patients with primary gastric cancer. The correlation among the expression of CDK5 and PP2A, clinicopathological factors and prognosis was investigated. Read More
J Cancer 2018 22;9(23):4398-4403. Epub 2018 Oct 22.
Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, No. 126 Xiantai Street, Changchun, 130000, People's Republic of China.
The purpose of this study was to compare the short- and long-term outcomes after laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) between elderly and non-elderly patients with gastric cancer. A retrospective analysis was performed using clinical and follow-up data from 168 patients treated with LTG for gastric cancer at our institution from January 2010 to December 2017. For this study, the short- and long-term outcomes (including tumor recurrence rate, disease-free survival rate, and overall survival rate) were compared between the elderly group (≥70 years) and non-elderly group (<70 years). Read More
J Cancer 2018 22;9(23):4363-4373. Epub 2018 Oct 22.
Department of General Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangdong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Guangzhou 510515, China.
RAB3A-interacting protein (Rab3IP) is known to be involved in cancer; however, its function during the proliferation of gastric cancer (GC) cells remains unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the potential function of Rab3IP in GC. The expression of Rab3IP and its clinical pathology value were determined by quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Read More
J Cancer 2018 21;9(23):4355-4362. Epub 2018 Oct 21.
Department of Breast Surgery, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510623, Guangdong, China.
: Lysosome-associated protein transmembrane-4β-35(LAPTM4B-35) has been observed overexpressed in multiple malignant tumors. However, the prognostic value of LAPTM4B-35 remains controversial. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the prognostic value of LAPTM4B-35 in human cancers. Read More
J Cancer 2018 20;9(22):4197-4203. Epub 2018 Oct 20.
Department of Abdominal Surgery, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou 310022, China.
Whether metastasectomy improves prognosis of gastric cancer patients with ovarian metastases (Krukenberg tumors) is not clear. In this study, we examined the survival benefit of metastasectomy combined with chemotherapy for treatment of synchronous Krukenberg tumors from gastric cancer and identified the prognostic factors. The subjects of this study were patients diagnosed as synchronous Krukenberg tumors of gastric origin in the period between December 2004 and December 2015. Read More
Case Rep Neurol 2018 Sep-Dec;10(3):309-313. Epub 2018 Nov 8.
Internal Medicine, Mount Carmel West Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
Thiamine deficiency is a condition characterized by several different presentations, but one of the most devastating is dry beriberi. It is associated with polyneuropathy and muscle weakness which typically affects the lower extremities and progressively involves the upper extremities. This case outlines a case of a 41-year-old man that presented to the hospital with diffuse weakness and decreased sensation in his legs and hands over a 3-day period. Read More
Front Integr Neurosci 2018 21;12:57. Epub 2018 Nov 21.
The John B. Pierce Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States.
In most species, including humans, food preference is primarily controlled by nutrient value. In particular, glucose-containing sugars exert exquisitely strong effects on food choice via gut-generated signals. However, the identity of the visceral signals underlying glucose's rewarding effects remains uncertain. Read More
Cancer Manag Res 2018 13;10:5629-5638. Epub 2018 Nov 13.
Department of Colorectal Surgery, Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital, Hangzhou, China,
Background: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a group of heterogeneous cancers arising from a variety of anatomic sites. Their incidence has increased in recent years. This study aimed to analyze the prognosis of NETs originating from different anatomic sites. Read More
Onco Targets Ther 2018 12;11:8015-8024. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China,
Purpose: This study mapped the localization of regional nodal recurrence to determine whether the clinical target volume (CTV) should be redefined in adjuvant radiotherapy.
Patients And Methods: Between January 2004 and October 2015, a total of 129 patients with gastric cancer following D2 resection who experienced regional recurrence were retrospectively examined. The lymph nodes (LNs) were hand-drawn proportionally on template computed tomography (CT) images of a standard patient by referencing surrounding anatomic landmarks. Read More
Onco Targets Ther 2018 12;11:7979-7986. Epub 2018 Nov 12.
Department of Pathophysiology, College of Basic Medicine Science, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China,
Background: The inclusion of exosomes enters the recipient cells by means of endocytosis or direct fusion for information exchange between cells and cells. The inclusion of BMSCs-exo helps to guide the diagnosis and prognosis of cancer, especially cancer.
Purpose: This research was to systematically elucidate the prognostic value of mRNAs of the exosomes derived from bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) in common malignant neoplasms, such as breast cancer, ovarian cancer, lung cancer, and gastric cancer. Read More
Cell Death Dis 2018 Dec 5;9(12):1172. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.
Gastric cancer, like most of other cancers, has an uncontrolled cell cycle regulated by cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). In this study, we reported that gastric cancer cells showed an accelerated G2/M transition promoted by CREPT/RPRD1B and Aurora kinase B (Aurora B). We found that CREPT/RPRD1B and Aurora B were coordinately expressed during the cell cycle in gastric cancer cells. Read More
Int J Obes (Lond) 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Population Health Research Institute, St Georges, University of London, London, UK.
Study Aim: Retinal microvasculature changes reflect systemic small vessel damage from obesity. The impact of bariatric surgery induced weight loss on the microvasculature is relatively unknown. We hypothesized that weight loss following bariatric surgery would be associated with improved structural changes in the retinal microvasculature, reflecting an overall improvement in microvascular health. Read More
Cancer Gene Ther 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Gastrointestinal surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130000, China.
This study aimed to analyze the functions of microRNA 498 (miR-498) on gastric cancer (GC) cell proliferation migration and cisplatin chemosensitivity. QTR-PCR found that miR-498 was markedly downregulated in GC cell lines and human GC tumors. It was discover that, lentivirus-mediated miR-498 overexpression inhibited cancer cell proliferations in vitro and in vivo, invasion and cisplatin chemoresistance. Read More
Gastroenterology 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ. Electronic address:
Background & Aims: Acute pancreatitis (AP) of different etiologies is associated with activation of different signaling pathways in pancreatic cells, posing challenges to development of targeted therapies. We investigated whether local pancreatic hypothermia, without systemic hypothermia, can reduce severity of AP, induced by different methods in rats.
Methods: A urethane balloon, with two polyurethane tubes was placed inside the stomach of the rats. Read More
J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Evelina Children's Hospital, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. Electronic address:
Aim: Infants with oesophageal atresia and distal tracheoesophageal fistula (OA-TOF) occasionally require endotracheal intubation prior to definitive surgery. This creates the risk of preferential ventilation of the fistula leading to gastric distention and subsequent perforation. We aimed to reassess the risk of preoperative positive-pressure ventilation and update recommendations for emergency surgery in this cohort. Read More