3,494 results match your criteria Gastric Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors


[Gastrointestinal stromal tumors: potential of minimally invasive surgical interventions].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2022 (5):25-33

National Medical Research Centre for Oncology, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

Objective: To analyze the issue of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and potential of minimally invasive surgical interventions.

Material And Methods: We analyzed postoperative outcomes in 97 patients with gastric and intestinal GISTs who underwent surgical treatment at the National Medical Research Centre for Oncology between 2015 and 2020.

Results: Twenty (24. Read More

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January 2022

Clinical Outcomes of Laparoscopic Proximal Gastrectomy With Double-Flap Reconstruction for Tumors in the Upper Third of the Stomach.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2022 Apr 22. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Medical Statistics and Informatics, Faculty of Public Health, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Purpose: Laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG) has been a standard surgery for early gastric cancer in the upper third of the stomach and large esophagogastric junction gastrointestinal stromal tumor. However, how to reconstruct the stomach after LPG is still debated. This study aimed to evaluate the results of LPG with double-flap reconstruction. Read More

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Liver transplantation for metastatic non-resectable gastrointestinal stromal tumor after molecular targeted therapies: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 11;95:107185. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Pathology, Xiang'an Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen 361000, China; Organ Transplantation Institute of Xiamen University, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Organ and Tissue Regeneration, School of Medicine, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361000, China. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Metastatic GIST (gastrointestinal stromal tumor) is most commonly seen in the liver. Surgical resection and Imatinib administration are the preferred treatment for localized and potentially resectable GIST. However, it is still a matter of debate about the optimal therapeutic management for unresectable, liver-confined, metastatic GIST even after the administration of imatinib. Read More

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Solid Pseudopapillary Neoplasm of the Pancreas Presenting With Gastric Outlet Obstruction.

Cureus 2022 Apr 13;14(4):e24092. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Gastroenterology, School of Digestive and Liver Diseases, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, IND.

Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the pancreas are rare tumors accounting for a minor portion of all exocrine pancreatic tumors. It usually occurs in young women. It has a very low malignant potential with a relatively indolent clinical course. Read More

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Inhibition of CCCTC Binding Factor-Programmed Cell Death Ligand 1 Axis Suppresses Emergence of Chemoresistance Induced by Gastric Cancer-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

Front Immunol 2022 27;13:884373. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

School of Medicine, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China.

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is the third leading cause of cancer-associated deaths worldwide. Stromal cells, especially mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), play significant roles in the development of therapy resistance depending on their paracrine function. The PD-1/PD-L1 crosstalk between cancer and immune cells has been well studied. Read More

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Effects of CYP3A Inhibition, CYP3A Induction, and Gastric Acid Reduction on the Pharmacokinetics of Ripretinib, a Switch Control KIT Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor.

Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Deciphera Pharmaceuticals, LLC, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA.

Ripretinib is a switch control KIT kinase inhibitor approved for treatment of adults with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors who received prior treatment with 3 or more kinase inhibitors, including imatinib. Ripretinib and its active metabolite (DP-5439) are cleared mainly via cytochrome P450 enzyme 3A4/5 (CYP3A4/5), and ripretinib solubility is pH-dependent, thus the drug-drug interaction potentials of ripretinib with itraconazole (strong CYP3A inhibitor), rifampin (strong CYP3A inducer), and pantoprazole (proton pump inhibitor) were each evaluated in open-label, fixed-sequence study designs. Overall, 20 participants received ripretinib 50 mg alone and with itraconazole 200 mg once daily, 24 participants received ripretinib 100 mg alone and with rifampin 600 mg once daily, and 25 participants received ripretinib 50 mg alone and with pantoprazole 40 mg once daily. Read More

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Value of F-FDG PET/CT for differentiating diagnosis between malignant and benign primary gastric gastrointestinal mesenchymal tumors: a single-center retrospective study.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2022 Apr;13(2):637-646

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital & Fujian Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou, China.

Background: Malignant primary gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (gGISTs) without treatment with imatinib are prone to bleeding and peritoneum implantation during operation. Therefore, preoperative assessment of the malignant potential of gGIST is essential. The use of F-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) combined with computed tomography (PET/CT) as a non-invasive tool for diagnosis, staging and prognosis evaluation in oncology, may also be useful for gGISTs. Read More

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Catching the GIST: Massive Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Presenting as Acute Dyspnea.

J Radiol Case Rep 2022 Apr 1;16(4):11-16. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Department of Critical Care, University of Houston/HCA Houston Healthcare Kingwood, TX, USA.

We present a case of a 55-year-old woman presenting with worsening shortness of breath and constipation over the course of three days. Initial computed tomography scan showed a large, complex abdominal mass with a vascular pedicle and possible pedunculated origin along the inferior aspect of the greater curvature of the stomach. The mass was further evaluated on magnetic resonance imaging showing an active hemorrhage. Read More

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Laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for synchronous adenocarcinoma, diffuse large B cell lymphoma and gastrointestinal stromal tumor in the stomach: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2022 May 8;8(1):89. Epub 2022 May 8.

Second Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1, Kimiidera, Wakayama, 641-8510, Japan.

Background: Synchronous lymphoma and adenocarcinoma are occasionally detected in the stomach. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and adenocarcinoma are sometimes seen simultaneously in the stomach. However, we rarely observe synchronous adenocarcinoma, lymphoma, and GIST in the stomach, and there are few reports on cases with these three lesions. Read More

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Comparison of Prognosis Between Microscopically Positive and Negative Surgical Margins for Primary Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Front Oncol 2022 19;12:679115. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Background: This meta-analysis aimed to determine the prognostic impact of microscopically positive margins (R1) on primary gastrointestinal stromal tumors.

Methods: A literature search was performed using PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library for studies up to 23 November 2020. The pooled disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) between R1 and negative margins (R0) were estimated using a random-effects model. Read More

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Efficacy and Safety of Endoscopic Resection for Small Gastric Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors in Elderly Patients.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2022 23;2022:8415913. Epub 2022 Apr 23.

Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, #79 Qingchun Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China 310003.

Background: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are prevalent in elderly patients. Endoscopic resection has become popular for treating small (≤5 cm) gastric GISTs. However, little is known about the outcomes of endoscopic resection in elderly patients. Read More

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Tissue diagnosis necessary for small endoscopic ultrasound-suspected gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors 2 cm or less in size: A prospective study focusing on the endoscopic incisional biopsy.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 May 2. Epub 2022 May 2.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background And Aim: The small endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-suspected gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), gastric subepithelial tumors at the muscularis propria layer on EUS, are detected frequently. Bite-on-bite forceps biopsy and EUS-guided tissue sampling yield variable results. This study aimed to analyze clinicopathologic features of the small EUS-suspected gastric GISTs 2 cm or less in size and to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the endoscopic incisional biopsy (EIB) for these small tumors. Read More

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Challenges in the management of metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 1: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2022 May 1;16(1):174. Epub 2022 May 1.

Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an inherited cancer predisposition syndrome that is caused by a mutation in the NF1 gene that encodes neurofibromin. Patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 have a higher risk of gastrointestinal stromal tumor. This study reports the case of a patient with gastrointestinal stromal tumor who was later diagnosed to have neurofibromatosis type 1 and, unlike usual features, had some uncommon features such as occurrence at an early age and unusual site of origin. Read More

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The role of neoadjuvant imatinib in gastrointestinal stromal tumor patients: 20 years of experience from a tertial referral center.

Int J Cancer 2022 Apr 27. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Surgery is the cornerstone of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) treatment, and adjuvant therapy with imatinib has improved survival for high-risk tumors. The use of imatinib preoperatively has been increasing, but efficacy and impact on patient outcomes have not been formally investigated. This is a retrospective study from a single-center cohort of patients diagnosed with GIST and treated with neoadjuvant imatinib at Karolinska University Hospital in Stockholm, Sweden over a 20-year period. Read More

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A Huge Malignant Gastric Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor in a Young Patient.

Korean J Gastroenterol 2022 Apr;79(4):177-181

Department of Surgery, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare neoplasms originating from the gastrointestinal tract that rarely occur in patients below 40 years of age. To our knowledge, there have been no previous reports of satellite and metastatic nodules in GIST. We present a case of a young patient with a huge malignant gastric GIST accompanied by spontaneous bleeding and satellite and metastatic nodules, successfully treated surgically, without preoperative chemotherapy administration. Read More

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Gastrointestinal stromal tumor as mimicking gynecological mass finding on CT scan imaging: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Apr 18;94:107092. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga - Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is a term to describe the distant spread (metastasis) of primary tumors to the peritoneal cavity.

Case Presentation: A 48-year-old woman complained of dilated stomach, stomachache, and nausea. Laboratory findings showed an increase in the tumor marker, CA-125147 U/mL and also LDH 350 U/L while quantitative total β HCG and CEA were normal. Read More

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Clinicopathologic Characteristics and Prognosis of PDGFRA-Mutant Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors: A Large-Scale, Multi-Institutional, Observational Study in China.

Adv Ther 2022 Jun 24;39(6):2920-2931. Epub 2022 Apr 24.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, No. 1277 Jiefang Avenue, Wuhan, 430022, Hubei Province, China.

Introduction: To evaluate clinicopathologic features and prognosis of post-complete resection in patients with PDGFRA-mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), and even to establish a relapse-free survival (RFS) prognostic model for this subgroup.

Methods: This retrospective study used data from patients with primary PDGFRA-mutant GIST who underwent complete resection (2005-2019) at 16 large-scale medical centers in China. Stepwise multivariate Cox regression models were performed to build the prediction model, in which the potential predictors were available in routine clinical practice and using the risk score functions. Read More

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The Diagnosis of Small Gastrointestinal Subepithelial Lesions by Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration and Biopsy.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Mar 25;12(4). Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Department of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University Saitama Medical Center, 1-847 Amanuma-cho, Omiya-ku, Saitama City 330-8503, Japan.

Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) has been widely accepted in the diagnosis of all types of tumors, especially pancreatic tumors, lymph nodes, and subepithelial lesions (SELs). One reason is that the examination can provide a detailed observation, with tissue samples being immediately obtained by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). Many SELs are detected incidentally during endoscopic examinations without symptoms. Read More

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Effects of Endoscopic Submucosal Excavation With Non-Submucosal Injection on Stromal Tumors in Stomach.

Front Oncol 2022 4;12:792445. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Division of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, China.

Background And Aim: Endoscopic submucosal excavation (ESE) is commonly used to treat gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), especially for tumor sizes within 2 cm; compared with the conventical ESE, the efficacy and safety of the no-submucosal injection (NSI) ESE remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of NSI-ESE for gastric stromal tumors.

Methods: ESE was performed in 102 patients at our hospital between January 2018 and January 2020, and the clinical features, surgical outcomes, complications, cost of performance, pathological diagnosis, and risk classification were evaluated. Read More

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Endoscopic subserosal dissection for gastric tumors: 18 cases in a single center.

Surg Endosc 2022 Apr 19. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Gastroenterologic Division, Department of Pathology, Presbyterian Medical Center, Jeonju, South Korea.

Background: Endoscopic submucosal dissection has technical limitations for the resection of gastric epithelial tumors with severe fibrosis and mixed or exophytic gastric subepithelial tumors (SETs).

Aims: To analyze the safety and effectiveness of endoscopic subserosal dissection (ESSD) for tumors growing in the subserosal space.

Methods: This observation study enrolled 18 patients who were diagnosed with gastric tumors and underwent ESSD at the Presbyterian Medical Center from 2010 to March 2019. Read More

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A rare case of adenocarcinoma of an ectopic pancreas: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Apr 8;94:107061. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Digestive Surgery Unit, CHC Jolimont Hospital, la Louvière, Belgium.

Introduction: Ectopic pancreas refers to the presence of pancreatic tissue in an unusual anatomical location that has neither anatomic nor vascular continuity with the pancreas. Adenocarcinoma of an ectopic pancreas is rare; only few cases have been described in the literature.

Presentation Of Case: We reported a 69-year-old man who was admitted to the emergency department with feculent vomiting lasting two days prior to presentation. Read More

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The necessarity of treatment for small gastric subepithelial tumors (1-2 cm) originating from muscularis propria: an analysis of 972 tumors.

BMC Gastroenterol 2022 Apr 11;22(1):182. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Department of Gastroenterology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, 110004, China.

Background And Objectives: Up till now, there are still controversies about the specific indication of endoscopic resection for small gastric subepithelial tumors (gSETs) originating from muscularis propria. We aimed to investigate the safety of endoscopic resection and postoperative pathology analysis.

Method: The patients with primary small gSETs originating from muscularis propria, treated by endoscopic resection in the endoscopic center of Shengjing Hospital between January, 2011 and September, 2019 were enrolled. Read More

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Characterization of Aberrations in DNA Damage Repair Pathways in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors: The Clinicopathologic Relevance of γH2AX and 53BP1 in Correlation with Heterozygous Deletions of , , and .

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Mar 31;14(7). Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of Pathology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung 833, Taiwan.

Genetic aberrations involving DNA damage repair (DDR) remain underexplored in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). We characterized DDR abnormalities using targeted next-generation sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, and performed immunofluorescence (IF) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) analyses of γH2AX and 53BP1. Consistent with IF-validated nuclear co-localization, γH2AX and 53BP1 showed robust correlations in expression levels, as did both biomarkers between IF and IHC. Read More

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Circularity Is a Potential Noninvasive Diagnostic Indicator to Differentiate Gastric Submucosal Tumors.

Digestion 2022 Apr 11:1-9. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Department of Gastroenterology, Nippon Medical School, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background And Aims: Noninvasive, imaging diagnosis of gastrointestinal mesenchymal tumors (GIMTs) is still difficult. This study aimed to develop a novel diagnostic method of GIMTs via endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) using circularity.

Methods: In a derivation series, we retrospectively collected 50 GIMTs 2-5 cm in diameter of two institutions. Read More

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Esophageal plexiform fibromyxoma: A case report with molecular analysis for MALAT1-GLI1 fusion.

Pathol Res Pract 2022 May 4;233:153878. Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Department of Pathology, Kagoshima University Hospital, Kagoshima, Japan; Department of Pathology, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan. Electronic address:

Plexiform fibromyxoma (PFM) is a rare gastrointestinal tract tumor that develops in the stomach in most cases. Here, we report an extremely rare case of esophageal PFM. A female in her mid-30 s presented with difficulty in swallowing and breathing. Read More

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Gastrointestinal stromal tumors with gene mutation in 4 guinea pigs ().

Vet Pathol 2022 Apr 8:3009858221087630. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Setsunan University, Hirakata, Osaka, Japan.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) have been rarely reported in guinea pigs. We aimed to characterize the clinical and pathological features of GISTs in 4 guinea pigs and investigate the presence of mutations in exon 11 of the KIT proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase () gene. Two subjects were male and 2 were female; 2 were 6 years old, 1 was 7 years old, and 1 was of an unknown age. Read More

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Patient demographics, clinicopathologic features, and outcomes in wild-type gastrointestinal stromal tumor: a national cohort analysis.

Sci Rep 2022 04 6;12(1):5774. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

Surgical Oncology Program, National Cancer Institute, 9000 Rockville Pike Building 10, Room 4-3760, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.

Wild-type KIT and PDGFRA gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are rare tumors with limited treatment options. We sought to determine the clinicopathologic features of wild-type GIST and identify factors that influence overall survival (OS) using a large national database. Retrospective evaluation of patients with wild-type GIST in the National Cancer Database (NCDB) was performed. Read More

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[The feasibility analysis of multi-slice spiral CT features of gastric stromal tumors in predicting pathological National Institutes of Health risk classification].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 Apr;102(13):954-960

Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.

To investigate the feasibility of multi-slice spiral CT(MSCT) imaging features of gastric stromal tumor (GST) in predicting pathological NIH risk classification, providing imaging basis for patients with GST before treatment. The clinical and CT imaging data of 504 patients(506 GST lesions), 259males and 245 females, aged from 13 to 85(60±11) years, with GST confirmed by surgery and pathology collected in the Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University and the Affiliated TCM Hospital of Southwest Medical University. According to pathological NIH risk classification, 506 lesions were divided into low risk group (very low and low risk degree, 277 lesions) and high risk group (medium and high risk degree, 229 lesions). Read More

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Endoscopy-Assisted Laparoscopic versus Laparoscopic Surgery for Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor and the Impact on Patients' Coagulation, Surgical Condition, and Complications.

J Oncol 2022 23;2022:6847321. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Meinian Health Clinic, Cangzhou, Hebei, China.

Objective: To assess the clinical efficiency of endoscopy-assisted laparoscopic versus laparoscopic surgery for gastrointestinal stromal tumors and the impact on patients' coagulation, surgical condition, and complications.

Methods: Between November 2016 and May 2020, 126 eligible patients diagnosed with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) in our institution were recruited. They were concurrently randomly assigned at a ratio of 1 : 1 to receive either laparoscopic gastrectomy (reference group) or endoscopy-assisted laparoscopic gastrectomy (research group). Read More

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