3,223 results match your criteria Gastric Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors


Ripretinib for the treatment of advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor.

Authors:
John R Zalcberg

Therap Adv Gastroenterol 2021 15;14:17562848211008177. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Medical Oncology, Alfred Health and the School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare tumors of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract yet represent the most common GI sarcomas. Most GISTs are driven by activating mutations of the and/or genes. Prior to the development of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), GISTs were associated with a poor prognosis because conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy was relatively ineffective. Read More

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Characteristics of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors incidentally discovered during abdominal surgery.

Am J Surg 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Helen F Graham Cancer Center and Research Institute at Christiana Care Department of General and Surgical Oncology, Newark, DE, USA.

Background: Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GISTs) are rare sarcomas with 5000 new cases arising in the United States each year. Despite their low incidence, general surgeons should be familiar with GISTs since a quarter of these neoplasms are encountered incidentally.

Methods: A retrospective medical records review was conducted to create a database of all GISTs resected from January 2005 to May 2019. Read More

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Feasibility of Non-Exposure Simple Suturing Endoscopic Full-Thickness Resection in Comparison with Laparoscopic Endoscopic Cooperative Surgery for Gastric Subepithelial Tumors: Results of Two Independent Prospective Trials.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 13;13(8). Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Center for Gastric Cancer, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Goyang 10408, Korea.

Recently, nonexposure simple suturing endoscopic full-thickness resection (NESS-EFTR) method was developed to avoid tumor exposure to the peritoneal cavity. The aim of this study is to compare the short-term outcomes of the NESS-EFTR method with those of laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) for gastric subepithelial tumors (SETs). A prospective single-center trial of LECS for gastric SETs was performed from March 2012 to October 2013 with a separate prospective trial of NESS-EFTR performed from August 2015 to June 2017, enrolling 15 patients each. Read More

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Preoperative Diagnosis Failure for a Rare Gastric Collision Tumor: A Case Report.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Apr 1;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41522, Egypt.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), usually occur as a solitary neoplasm. Inflammatory florid polyp (IFP) is a solitary rare benign lesion of the gastrointestinal tract, mainly occur in the gastric antrum, whose atypical presentation can mimic GISTs or other malignant tumors, therefore the synchronous occurrence of GISTs and IFP is extremely rare. We had a case of a 58-year-old man that was presented with recurrent epigastric pain and recurrent melena. Read More

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Intragastric Single-Port Surgery: An Innovative and Multipurpose Technique for the Therapy of Upper Digestive Tract Lesions.

Surg Innov 2021 Apr 29:15533506211015386. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Center for Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery, 14959Klinikum Ernst von Bergmann, Academic Hospital of the Charité-Universitätsmedizin Humboldt University Berlin, Potsdam, Germany.

: Endoscopic treatment can represent a technical challenge for several special situations, such as resecting gastric tumors with larger size or in unfavorable sites and performing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). This study aims to describe an innovative and multipurpose technique, intragastric single-port surgery (IGS), which can be applied for abovementioned special situations and for assessing its safety, feasibility, and efficacy. : IGS technique was performed through a 2-3 cm skin incision, where the stomach wall is exteriorized and fixed to the skin. Read More

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Gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) with co-occurrence of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Jun 10;16(6):1391-1394. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

EVMS Radiology Department, Eastern Virginia Medical School, 700 W Olney Rd, Norfolk, VA 23507, USA.

Mesenchymal tumors make up only about 1% of primary GI tumors, with Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) being the most common nonepithelial GI neoplasms. They are derived from the Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), and occur predominantly in older individuals, with a mean age of diagnosis of 64 years. Here we discuss the case of a 39-year-old female with atypical thoracic back pain wrapping around to the front and migrating diffuse abdomen pain that sometimes radiates into the chest. Read More

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Nationwide evaluation of mutation-tailored treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumors in daily clinical practice.

Gastric Cancer 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Pathology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: Molecular analysis of KIT and PDGFRA is critical for tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment selection of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and hence recommended by international guidelines. We performed a nationwide study into the application of predictive mutation testing in GIST patients and its impact on targeted treatment decisions in clinical practice.

Methods: Real-world clinical and pathology information was obtained from GIST patients with initial diagnosis in 2017-2018 through database linkage between the Netherlands Cancer Registry and the nationwide Dutch Pathology Registry. Read More

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Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor as a Rare Cause of Abdominal Mass: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2021 Mar 23;13(3):e14070. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Internal Medicine, BronxCare Health System, New York, USA.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are soft tissue sarcomas that can arise from any part of the digestive system. GISTs represent 1% of gastric neoplasms. We report a rare case of a GIST tumor in a 59-year-old woman who presented with abdominal pain and weight loss. Read More

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Mutations in ALK and TSC1 in a gastrointestinal stromal tumor: a case report.

BMC Surg 2021 Apr 20;21(1):202. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, 518036, Guangdong, People's Republic of China.

Background: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors rarely occur in children, but when they do, their biological behavior and histopathological patterns differ from those of adults.

Case Presentation: A 13-year-old boy with a gastrointestinal stromal tumor was characterized by a rare genetic mutation. The patient complained of "fatigue with intermittent abdominal pain for 1 month". Read More

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Gastric and Small Intestine Gist: Results of 156 Cases in 20 Years.

J Gastrointest Cancer 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Esofagogastric Unit, Bellvitge University Hospital, de La Feixa Llarga, s/n L´Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain.

Purpose: Gastric and small intestine are the most common gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). There are few studies of patients who underwent surgical treatment with disparate findings. We aimed to evaluate the differences between groups and the risk factors for recurrence and mortality. Read More

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Surgical resection of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) in octogenarians.

Am J Surg 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Division of Endocrine and Oncologic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, 4 Silverstein, Philadelphia, PA, 19146, USA.

Background: Localized gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare tumors typically managed with surgery, but outcomes among octogenarians remain less studied.

Methods: Octogenarian patients with stage I-III gastric GISTs were identified from the National Cancer Database and classified by resection status. Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier survival analyses analyzed 5-year overall survival (OS). Read More

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PDGFRA Immunohistochemistry Predicts PDGFRA Mutations in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors.

Am J Surg Pathol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.

Platelet-derived growth factor receptor A (PDGFRA) is a receptor tyrosine kinase that is activated by mutations in 10% of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and 55% to 70% of inflammatory fibroid polyps. PDGFRA-mutant GISTs are usually epithelioid and occur predominantly in the stomach. Succinate dehydrogenase-deficient GISTs also arise in the stomach and are usually epithelioid, as are some KIT-mutant GISTs. Read More

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Gastric tumorigenesis after radical resection combined with adjuvant chemotherapy for colorectal cancer: two case reports and a literature review.

J Int Med Res 2021 Apr;49(4):3000605211007050

Department of Colorectal and Anal Surgery, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China.

Radical resection with or without adjuvant chemotherapy is a common option for stage II and III colorectal cancer. Few reports exist regarding gastric tumorigenesis, including gastric cancer, gastric intraepithelial neoplasia, and gastric stromal tumor, in patients who received this protocol as the standard treatment for colorectal cancer. We present two cases of gastric tumorigenesis in patients with colorectal cancer following radical resection combined with adjuvant chemotherapy. Read More

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Preoperative imaging of gastric GISTs underestimates pathologic tumor size: A retrospective, single institution analysis.

J Surg Oncol 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Surgery, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Background: How well imaging size agrees with pathologic size of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) is unknown. GIST risk stratification is based on pathologic size, location, and mitotic rate. To inform decision making, the size discrepancy between imaging and pathology for gastric GISTs was investigated. Read More

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A Pilot Randomized Crossover Trial of Wet Suction and Conventional Techniques of Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration for Upper Gastrointestinal Subepithelial Lesions.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2021 22;2021:4913107. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Gastroenterology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima, Japan.

Methods: Twenty-six patients with UGI-SELs indicated for EUS-FNA were randomly assigned to the dry-first arm using the dry technique for the first two passes or the wet-first arm using the wet technique for the first two passes using a cross-over design with a ratio of 1 : 1. The primary endpoint was the cellularity score of the EUS-FNA specimens rated on a 4-point scale (0-3). The secondary endpoints were the factors influencing cellularity in each suction technique. Read More

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Giant Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors of the Stomach Successfully Treated With Laparoscopic Resection: Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2021 Feb 27;13(2):e13584. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

General Surgery, Ministry of National Guard - Health Affairs, Al Madinah, SAU.

The stomach is the most common site of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), representing 60% to 70% of all GIST tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. Gastric GISTs are usually asymptomatic discovered incidentally during endoscopic or radiological investigations. A small percentage may present with melena, hematemesis, and anemia due to recurrent bleeding. Read More

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February 2021

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GISTs) as Incidental Findings in Gynecological Surgery.

Int J Gynecol Pathol 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Cellular Pathology, Birmingham Women's and Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham (W.B., J.V., A.W., R.G.) Derby Gynaecological Cancer Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Royal Derby Hospital, Derby (A.P.), UK.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract that may be diagnosed incidentally as a part of intra-abdominal surgery for other diseases. This is a single center review to document the incidental finding of GIST at surgery for gynecological malignancies during a 10-yr period. Sixteen cases of incidental GISTs were identified in women ranging in age from 39 to 82 yr. Read More

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B-Mode and Contrast Enhanced Ultrasonography Features of Gastric Inflammatory and Neoplastic Diseases in Dogs.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Mar 3;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, SP 18, 64100 Teramo, Italy.

Canine gastric disorders are common in veterinary clinical practice and among these neoplasms require rapid identification and characterization. Standard ultrasound (US) is the imaging modality of choice for gastric wall assessment. The aim of this prospective study is to describe the specific B-mode and contrast enhanced US (CEUS) features of normal, inflammatory, and neoplastic gastric wall in dogs. Read More

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Correlation of endoscopic ultrasonography features with mitotic index in 2-5 cm gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors.

Dig Dis 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Background: Predicting the malignancy potential of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) before resection could improve patient management strategies, as gastric GISTs with a low malignancy potential can be safely treated endoscopically, but surgical resection is required for those tumors with a high malignancy potential. This study aimed to evaluate endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) features of 2-5 cm gastric GISTs that might be used to predict their mitotic index using surgical specimens as the gold standard.

Patients And Methods: Forty-nine patients (30 females and 19 males; mean age 55. Read More

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[A Case of Gastrointestinal Submucosal Tumor with an Intraluminal Growth Pattern Resected by Laparoscopic Wedge Resection].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2021 Mar;48(3):422-424

Dept. of Surgery, Yao Municipal Hospital.

We report a case of gastrointestinal submucosal tumor with an intraluminal growth pattern resected by laparoscopic wedge resection. A 62-year-old man was admitted because of melena. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed gastrointestinal submucosal tumor with an intraluminal growth pattern just below the gastric junction, and the pathological diagnosis was GIST. Read More

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18F-FDG PET/CT Monitoring of Tumor Response to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors and Alkylating Drugs in an SDH-Deficient GIST.

Clin Nucl Med 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

From the Departments of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Oncology, Institut de Cancérologie de Strasbourg Europe, Strasbourg Strasbourg University, INSERM, VSDSC UMR-S 1113, IGBMC, Illkirch Molecular Imaging-DRHIM, IPHC, UMR 7178, CNRS/Strasbourg University, Strasbourg, France.

Abstract: Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH)-deficient gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are associated with loss of function of SDH complex and represent 5% to 7.5% of GISTs. SDH-deficient GISTs usually develop in the stomach of children and young adults, and could be part of Carney triad or Carney-Stratakis syndromes including paraganglioma. Read More

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Building contrast-enhanced CT-based models for preoperatively predicting malignant potential and Ki67 expression of small intestine gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs).

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Radiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

Purpose: To assess contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT) features for predicting malignant potential and Ki67 in small intestinal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and the correlation between them.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the pathological and imaging data for 123 patients (55 male/68 female, mean age: 57.2 years) with a histopathological diagnosis of small intestine GISTs who received CE-CT followed by curative surgery from May 2009 to August 2019. Read More

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Promising role of long non-coding RNA PCAT6 in malignancies.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 May 26;137:111402. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China; Key Laboratory of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery and Digestive Organ Transplantation of Henan Province, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China; Open and Key Laboratory of Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Surgery and Digestive Organ Transplantation at Henan Universities, Zhengzhou 450052, China; Henan Key Laboratory of Digestive Organ Transplantation, Zhengzhou 450052, China. Electronic address:

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), a newly identified class of non-coding RNA (ncRNA), are defined as RNA molecules at least 200 nucleotides in length that are not translated into proteins. LncRNAs contribute to a wide range of biological processes and are master regulators of disease occurrence, development, and response to therapy in human malignancies. The lncRNA prostate cancer‑associated transcript 6 (PCAT6) is upregulated in various human malignancies, including lung cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, cervical cancer, osteosarcoma, glioblastoma, colorectal cancer, breast cancer, gastric cancer, gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Read More

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Contribution of Interstitial Cells of Cajal to Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Risk.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Mar 24;27:e929575. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Pathology, Renmin Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, Hubei, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), which originate from interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs), are one of most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. This study explored the impact of ICCs and immunological markers on GIST risk. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 122 patients diagnosed with GISTs who underwent surgery were recruited for the study. Read More

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Incomplete Carney Triad, a surgical case of a rare syndrome.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Mar 20. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

- Thoracic Surgery Department, Institut du Thorax Curie-Montsouris - Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, Paris, France; - Paris 13 University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Faculty of Medicine SMBH, Bobigny, France. Electronic address:

This report describes a 36-year-old woman with multiple gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors, hepatic and lymphatic metastasis, and a mediastinal paraganglioma as a presentation of an incomplete Carney triad. Our purpose is to present our therapeutic approach, with emphasis on the surgical and oncological specificities of this syndrome. Read More

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A modified endoscopic full thickness resection for gastric subepithelial tumors from muscularis propria layer: Novel method.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Gastroenterology, CHA Gangnam Medical Center, College of Medicine, Cha University, Seoul, South Korea.

Background And Aim: The removal of subepithelial tumors (SETs) is challenging, particularly in tumors originating from the muscularis propria (MP) in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract, owing to the high risk of perforation. We developed mechanical spray lumpectomy (MSL), which is a novel method to safely and easily remove the tumor. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of MSL as a novel endoscopic treatment for gastric subepithelial lesions. Read More

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Clinical outcomes of endoscopic resection for the treatment of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors originating from the muscularis propria: a 7-year experience from a large tertiary center in China.

Surg Endosc 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Haidian District, No. 28 of Fuxing Road, Beijing, 100853, China.

Background And Aims: Few studies have evaluated the value of endoscopic resection (ER) for the treatment of gastric gastrointestinal (GI) stromal tumors (GISTs) originating from the muscularis propria (MP) in a large population, and no studies have evaluated risk factors for piecemeal resection. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ER for gastric GISTs in a real-world setting and to explore factors associated with piecemeal resection.

Methods: From January 2013 to December 2019, 185 patients with gastric GISTs originating from the MP were assessed. Read More

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A case of planar-type gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the transverse colon with perforation.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Surgical Pathology, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Japan.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumor of the human gastrointestinal tract. They usually develop in the stomach and small intestine, but extremely rarely in the colon. Although most GISTs form a mass, some cases showing a flatly proliferating lesion called planar-type GIST have been reported in the sigmoid colon and small intestine. Read More

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Surgical resection of esophagogastric junction stromal tumor: How to protect the cardiac function.

World J Gastroenterol 2021 Mar;27(9):854-865

Department of Gastric Surgery, Cancer Hospital of China Medical University (Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute), Shenyang 110042, Liaoning Province, China.

Background: Various surgical procedures have been described for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) at the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) close to the Z-line. However, surgery for EGJ-GIST involving Z-line has been rarely reported.

Aim: To introduce a novel technique called conformal resection (CR) for open resection of EGJ-GIST involving Z-line. Read More

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Endoscopic full-thickness resection using an over-the-scope device: A prospective study.

World J Gastroenterol 2021 Feb;27(8):725-736

Department of Gastroenterology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, Liaoning Province, China.

Background: Endoscopic submucosal dissection to treat mucosal and submucosal lesions sometimes results in low rates of microscopically margin-negative (R0) resection. Endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) has a high R0 resection rate and allows for the definitive diagnosis and treatment of selected mucosal and submucosal lesions that are not suitable for conventional resection techniques.

Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of EFTR using an over-the-scope clip (OTSC). Read More

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February 2021