4,950 results match your criteria Gastric Carcinoma Imaging

The New American Joint Committee on Cancer T staging system for stomach: increased complexity without clear improvement in predictive accuracy for endoscopic ultrasound.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 11;21(1):255. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Gastroenterology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China.

Background: The efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) for determining the T category of gastric cancer is variable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the superiority of EUS by using the 6th edition American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for stomach cancer compared to the new 7th/8th edition.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of clinical and EUS imaging features of 348 gastric carcinoma patients who underwent radical resection were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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Krukenberg tumor as an incidental finding in a full-term pregnancy: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 May 29;15(1):304. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Hospital Regional Ignacio García Téllez, Merida, Mexico.

Background: Krukenberg tumor is a rare metastatic tumor of the ovary with histopathological features known as signet ring cells. It usually develops in women around 45 years of age. However, here we describe an uncommon case in a 38-year-old pregnant woman. Read More

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Rare thyroid Cartilage Metastases Detected on F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography Scan.

Indian J Nucl Med 2021 Jan-Mar;36(1):39-42. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Mahajan Imaging Centre, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Metastatic lesions to thyroid cartilage are very rare and can be often missed on conventional imaging. Anatomical and functional fused positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging has higher sensitivity as compared to conventional CT imaging and can thus identify such atypical sites of metastasis. Here, we present four cases of thyroid cartilage metastases detected on fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT scan from carcinoma lung, breast, stomach and urinary bladder. Read More

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Long-term response on letrozole for gastric cancer: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(21):e26146

Department of Surgery, Yaizu City Hospital.

Rationale: Hormone therapies, particularly those targeting estrogen and its receptors, are a key treatment modality for patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast or ovarian cancer. Some gastric cancers (GCs) express ERs, and preclinical studies suggest the potential of estrogen-targeting hormone therapy on GC; however, the clinical relevance of this hormone therapy on GC treatment has not been well elucidated.

Patient Concerns: An 80-year-old female was admitted to our department with hypogastric pain and vomiting. Read More

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The impact of recent chemotherapy on immunity in 2 COVID-19 cases with gastrointestinal tumors: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(21):e26143

The Enshi Center for Disease Control and Prevention, The Health Committee.

Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a rapidly emerging infectious respiratory disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Currently, more than 100 million cases of COVID-19 have been confirmed worldwide, with over 2.4 million mortalities. Read More

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Gastric adenocarcinoma of fundic gland (chief cell predominant type) coexisting with well differentiated intestinal adenocarcinoma: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(21):e25861

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Liaocheng Hospital, China.

Rationale: Gastric adenocarcinoma of fundic gland (chief cell predominant type) (GA-FG-CCP) is a new, rare variant of gastric adenocarcinoma, which is characterized by mild nuclear atypia and specific immunohistochemical markers.

Patient Concerns: An 84-year-old Chinese man was referred to our hospital for endoscopic resection of a gastric lesion.

Interventions: We performed endoscopic submucosal dissection, and successfully removed the lesion. Read More

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An extremely atypical presentation of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with pancreatic and hepatic metastases: A case report and overview of the literature.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(20):e25785

Hepatic Surgery Center, Department of Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Rationale: Esophageal carcinoma is an aggressive cancer with extremely poor therapeutic outcomes due to its high metastatic potential and a significant risk of recurrence after radical resection. Liver is the most common metastatic target organ of esophageal carcinoma, followed by the lungs, bones, and brain. Few cases of solitary pancreatic and hepatic metastases of esophageal carcinoma have been reported. Read More

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Imaging diagnosis of aberrant proper hepatic and gastroduodenal arteries prior to pancreaticoduodenectomy: A case report.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Jul 30;16(7):1650-1654. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Gastroenterological and Transplant Surgery Applied Life Sciences, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

In hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery, an understanding of hepatic artery anomalies is of great importance to surgeons. Cases of the proper hepatic artery originating from the superior mesenteric artery and the gastroduodenal artery originating from the celiac trunk are extremely rare. To our knowledge, there are no reports of these arterial variants being diagnosed before hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery. Read More

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[A multi-center retrospective study of perioperative chemotherapy for gastric cancer based on real-world data].

Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 May;24(5):403-412

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830000, China.

To explore the effect of perioperative chemotherapy on the prognosis of gastric cancer patients under real-world condition. A retrospective cohort study was carried out. Real world data of gastric cancer patients receiving perioperative chemotherapy and surgery + adjuvant chemotherapy in 33 domestic hospitals from January 1, 2014 to January 31, 2016 were collected. Read More

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Percutaneous Cryoablation of Liver Tumors: Initial Experience from a Tertiary Care Center in India.

J Clin Exp Hepatol 2021 May-Jun;11(3):305-311. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India.

Background: Percutaneous ablation is an important part of management strategy for liver tumors. While radiofrequency ablation and microwave ablation are the most widely used ablative techniques, cryoablation (CA) has several technical advantages but has been underused till recently. In this study, we report the initial experience with percutaneous CA of liver tumors. Read More

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October 2020

Human Gut Microbiota-associated Gastrointestinal Malignancies: A Comprehensive Review.

Radiographics 2021 May 14:200168. Epub 2021 May 14.

From the Department of Radiology, University of Texas Health at San Antonio, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr, San Antonio, TX 78229 (A.B., S.D., J.K., V.S.K.); University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Tex (S.K.); Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Mo (V.M.); and Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Ariz (C.O.M.).

The human gastrointestinal tract houses trillions of microbes. The gut and various types of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and archaea, form a complex ecosystem known as the gut microbiota, and the whole genome of the gut microbiota is referred to as the gut microbiome. The gut microbiota is essential for homeostasis and the overall well-being of a person and is increasingly considered an adjunct "virtual organ," with a complexity level comparable to that of the other organ systems. Read More

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Clinical Effectiveness of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Gastric Carcinoma and Exploration of Perioperative Imaging Assessment Parameters.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2021 23;2021:5563136. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Guangxi Cancer Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China.

Background And Aims: Due to the difficulty in clinical staging, a simple and feasible perioperative assessment approach for guiding personalized neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is lacking. We investigated the clinical value of NAC in advanced gastric carcinoma (GC) and the concordance between perioperative imaging and postoperative pathological assessments.

Methods: This study included 62 patients with advanced GC who received NAC between January 2012 and December 2018. Read More

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Breast carcinoma metastasising to the gastric wall and the peritoneum: what physicians need to know.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 12;14(5). Epub 2021 May 12.

Assistant Professor Gastroenterology, Charleston Area Medical Center, Charleston, West Virginia, USA.

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in the USA and rarely metastasises to the gastric wall. We present a case of a 69-year-old woman with medical history of stage II-B breast cancer who presented with epigastric abdominal pain and black tarry stools. CT scan of the abdomen showed moderate gastric wall thickening and ascites. Read More

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Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the pancreas with a large pseudocyst of the pancreas as the first manifestation: a rare case report and literature review.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 May 8;21(1):208. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, China.

Background: Primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the pancreas with pseudocysts, especially diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), is extremely rare.

Case Presentation: A 64-year-old man was admitted to our department for abdominal distension. Two months ago, he experienced abdominal pain for 1 day and was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis in another hospital. Read More

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Circular RNAs and Hepatocellular Carcinoma: New Epigenetic Players With Diagnostic and Prognostic Roles.

Front Oncol 2021 20;11:653717. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Shanghai University of Medicine and Health Sciences Affiliated Zhoupu Hospital, Department of Collaborative Innovation Center for Biomedicine, Shanghai, China.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Due to the lack of potent diagnosis and prognosis biomarkers and effective therapeutic targets, the overall prognosis of survival is poor in HCC patients. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of novel endogenous non-coding RNAs with covalently closed loop structures and implicated in diverse physiological processes and pathological diseases. Read More

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Clinical Management of Early-Stage Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Single-Institution Clinical Analysis.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 Apr 28:1455613211013084. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Graduate School of Medical sciences, 12923Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Objective: Early detection of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is important for both an improved prognosis and less-invasive treatment. We retrospectively analyzed the detection rates of early hypopharyngeal SCCs according to the evaluation methods and the clinical management of early hypopharyngeal SCCs.

Methods: Sixty-eight patients with early hypopharyngeal SCC who were diagnosed were reviewed. Read More

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[Clinical features and prognosis of patients with leptomeningeal metastases].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Apr;101(16):1154-1159

Department of Neurology, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou 450003, China.

To describe the clinical manifestations, neuroimaging, cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) cytology and prognosis of Leptomeningeal metastases(LM). The clinical manifestations, imaging features and CSF cytology of LM patients admitted to Henan Provincial People's Hospital from May 1, 2015 to May 31, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The overall survival (OS) was evaluated by the time from the diagnosis of LM to death. Read More

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Common hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm: A rare complication following total gastrectomy: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 23;81:105816. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Gastrointestinal and General Surgery, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Common Hepatic Artery (CHA) Pseudoaneurysm is a rare entity, attributed to infections, trauma, and upper abdominal surgery. Most cases occur after biliary and pancreatic surgery. CHA pseudoaneurysm after total gastrectomy is uncommon and can be devastating. Read More

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Endoscopic drainage for management of infected necrosis following EUS-TA in a patient with pancreatic cancer: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(16):e25466

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, South Korea.

Rationale: Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided tissue acquisition (EUS-TA) has become the norm for the diagnosis of pancreatic solid lesions. EUS-TA is relatively safe, but various complications can occur. Infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) is a rare but serious complication. Read More

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Role of magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging in the diagnosis of noninvasive gastric neoplasia.

JGH Open 2021 Apr 26;5(4):446-453. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

First Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine University of Yamanashi Yamanashi Japan.

Background And Aim: There are no globally approved, distinguishing criteria enabling the classification of gastric adenomas and intramucosal carcinomas for differential diagnosis of noninvasive neoplasia (NIN).

Methods: Next-generation sequencing of 50 cancer-related genes was undertaken on 68 pathologically diagnosed microdissected gastric neoplasms (25 adenomas, 27 intramucosal carcinomas, and 16 submucosal carcinomas) obtained during endoscopic submucosal dissection. Findings from magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) of 52 NINs (the 25 adenomas and 27 intramucosal carcinomas) were compared with these data. Read More

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Hepatic encephalopathy induced by Lenvatinib and anti-PD-1 mAb in a patient with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma: A case report.

Mol Clin Oncol 2021 Jun 1;14(6):110. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Gastroenterology Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong First Medical University and Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, Shandong 250117, P.R. China.

Previous studies have reported that the combinational therapy of Lenvatinib and anti-programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody (mAb) produced a longer overall survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The current case report presented a a patient with HCC who had hepatic encephalopathy (HE) following treatment with Lenvatinib and anti-PD-1 mAb. The 42-year-old patient was diagnosed with stage IVa HCC accompanied with cirrhosis and Child-Pugh C. Read More

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[A case of simultaneous multicentric cancer in the gallbladder duct and the common bile duct without pancreaticobiliary maljunction].

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2021 ;118(4):366-373

Department of Pathology, Tokai University School of Medicine.

A 68-year-old man who underwent cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis and was diagnosed with gallbladder duct carcinoma was referred to our hospital. Postoperative computed tomography showed thickening of the middle to lower bile duct without any tumorous lesions. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and intraductal ultrasonography revealed irregular wall thickening of the lower bile duct and apparent infiltration of gallbladder duct tumor to the common bile duct without pancreaticobiliary maljunction. Read More

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Analysis of the PD-1 Ligands Among Gastrointestinal Cancer Patients: Focus on Cancer Immunity.

Front Oncol 2021 23;11:637015. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Medical Imaging and Interventional Radiology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China.

Many types of gastrointestinal cancer have shown promising outcomes after checkpoint blockade immunotherapy; however, it remains largely unclear about the expression profiles of programmed death 1 (PD-1) ligands (CD274 and PDCD1LG2) in the context of human pan-cancer. This work comprehensively analyzed the expression pattern of the PD-1 ligands and the clinical significance in the prognosis prediction among the seven types of gastrointestinal malignancies collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE) database. Furthermore, the correlation of CD274/PDCD1LG2 with cancer immunity was also explored. Read More

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A novel 125I seeds fixed on gastric tube for treatment of inoperable esophageal carcinoma: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(14):e25410

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medical College, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Abstract: To explore the treatment benefit of 125I seeds fixed on a gastric tube in the early inoperable esophageal carcinoma (EC).Three senile patients with early inoperable EC who were treated with brachytherapy between October 2017 and February 2019 were included in this study. 125I seeds were fixed on the gastric tube, which was then inserted on the surface of the EC. Read More

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Giant Adrenocortical Carcinoma: A Case Report and Review of the Relevant Literature.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Apr 4;22:e928875. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

4th Academic Department of General Surgery, General Hospital of Thessaloniki "G. Papanikolaou", Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Exochi, Thessaloniki, Greece.

BACKGROUND Adrenocortical carcinomas are rare and aggressive tumors often diagnosed as incidentalomas. The malignancy can present with abnormal hormone secretion or the tumor may be non-functioning and present as a palpable mass causing discomfort. Here, we present a case of an adrenal cortical carcinoma originally identified as an incidentaloma. Read More

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Primary Hepatic Extranodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma of Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue in a Patient with Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection: Case Report and Summary of the Literature.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Mar 18;57(3). Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan.

Background: The incidence of extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) is low, at 7-8% of all non-Hodgkin lymphoma cases. The most common site of MALT lymphoma occurrence is the stomach. Primary hepatic extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of MALT is classified as a type of non-gastric MALT lymphoma and is considered extremely rare, with no consensus on imaging study findings or treatment due to a limited number of reports. Read More

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Radiomics analysis of CT imaging for differentiating gastric neuroendocrine carcinomas from gastric adenocarcinomas.

Eur J Radiol 2021 May 18;138:109662. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450052, Henan, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To develop and evaluate a CT-based radiomics nomogram for differentiating gastric neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) from gastric adenocarcinomas (ADCs).

Methods: CT images of 63 patients with gastric NECs were collected retrospectively, and 63 patients with gastric ADCs were selected as the control group. Univariate analysis was used to identify the significant factors of clinical characteristics and CT findings for differentiating gastric NECs from ADCs. Read More

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Total pancreatectomy for pancreatic remnant carcinoma five years after pancreaticoduodenectomy: Report a case.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 20;81:105795. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Department of Gastroenterological Center Surgery, Shunjukai Shiroyama Hospital, Osaka, Japan.

Introduction And Importance: The prognosis of non-invasive intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasma (IPMN) is better than that of pancreatic cancer. However, if the first surgical finding revealed an invasive IPMC, the risk of recurrence was found to be 7-21%.

Case Presentation: A 76-year-old Japanese man had undergone subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy for intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma non-invasive type at our hospital. Read More

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Surgery of the primary tumour in 201 patients with high-grade gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine and mixed neuroendocrine-non-neuroendocrine neoplasms.

J Neuroendocrinol 2021 May 26;33(5):e12967. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

ENETS Neuroendocrine Tumor Centre of Excellence, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The benefit of surgery in high-grade gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP NEN) and mixed neuroendocrine-non-neuroendocrine neoplasms (MiNEN) is uncertain. The present study aimed to investigate outcomes after tumour surgery in patients with high-grade (Ki-67 > 20%) GEP NEN or MiNEN stage I-III or stage IV. We analysed data from patients treated in the period 2007-2015 at eight Nordic university hospitals. Read More

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