51,766 results match your criteria Gastric Carcinoma


Lentivirus-Mediated Overexpression of SIVA-1 Reverses Cisplatin Resistance in Gastric Cancer in vitro.

Cell Biochem Biophys 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Gastrointestinal and Peripheral Vascular Surgery, People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning, China.

SIVA-1 plays a critical role in the induction of apoptosis in a number of different cell lines and participates in the mechanism of cisplatin (DDP)-mediated antitumor effects. However, the involvement of SIVA-1 in cisplatin resistance in gastric carcinoma has not been revealed. To explore the effect of SIVA-1 on DDP resistance, a recombinant pGV358-GFP-SIVA-1 lentiviral vector was constructed and transfected into human cisplatin-resistant MKN45/DDP gastric cancer cells. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12013-020-00929-yDOI Listing

Iterative reconstruction algorithm improves the image quality without affecting quantitative measurements of computed tomography perfusion in the upper abdomen.

Eur J Radiol Open 2020 3;7:100243. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Surgery in Linköping, and Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Objective: To investigate differences between reconstruction algorithms in quantitative perfusion values and time-attenuation curves in computed tomography perfusion (CTP) examinations of the upper abdomen.

Methods: Twenty-six CTP examinations were reconstructed with filtered back projection and an iterative reconstruction algorithm, advanced modeled iterative reconstruction (ADMIRE), with different levels of noise-reduction strength. Using the maximum-slope model, quantitative measurements were obtained: blood flow (mL/min/100 mL), blood volume (mL/100 mL), time to peak (s), arterial liver perfusion (mL/100 mL/min), portal venous liver perfusion (mL/100 mL/min), hepatic perfusion index (%), temporal maximum intensity projection (Hounsfield units (HU)) and temporal average HU. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejro.2020.100243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7334814PMC

Genetic characteristics of gastric-type mucinous carcinoma of the uterine cervix.

Mod Pathol 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Gastric-type mucinous carcinoma (GAS) is a recently established variant of endocervical mucinous adenocarcinoma that is characterized as being unrelated to HPV and having aggressive behavior and chemoresistance. GAS has a distinct morphology resembling nonneoplastic gastric glands or pancreaticobiliary adenocarcinoma, and their possible genetic similarity has been posed. In this study, next-generation sequencing was performed in 21 GAS cases using a customized panel including 94 cancer-associated genes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41379-020-0614-0DOI Listing

Newly developed primary malignancies in long-term survivors who underwent curative esophagectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus.

Surg Today 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery (Surgery II), Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Purpose: We evaluated the efficacy of the long-term follow-up of patients who underwent radical esophagectomy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) to screen for recurrence and new primary malignancies.

Methods: We retrospectively collected 448 ESCC patients who underwent radical esophagectomy. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, computed tomography, a stool test and the assessment of the serum concentration of squamous cell carcinoma antigen and carcinoembryonic antigen were performed annually, even over 5 years after esophagectomy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00595-020-02072-wDOI Listing

Prognostic Value of Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio, Platelet-Lymphocyte Ratio, and Combined Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio and Platelet-Lymphocyte Ratio in Stage IV Advanced Gastric Cancer.

Front Oncol 2020 19;10:841. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Medical Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

The prognostic value of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio, and the combined NLR-PLR score in patients with stage IV gastric carcinoma (GC) has not yet been clarified. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the potential association of NLR, PLR, and NLR-PLR score with the prognosis of patients with stage IV GC. This retrospective study included 466 patients with GC diagnosed between 2010 and 2017. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2020.00841DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7317009PMC

CagA orchestrates eEF1A1 and PKCδ to induce interleukin-6 expression in -infected gastric epithelial cells.

Gut Pathog 2020 3;12:31. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Key Laboratory of Gastrointestinal Cancer, Ministry of Education, Fujian Medical University, 1 Xue Fu North Road, Fuzhou, Fujian 350122 People's Republic of China.

Background: colonises the stomach of approximately 50% of the global population. Cytotoxin-associated gene A protein (CagA) is one of the important virulent factors responsible for the increased inflammation and increases the risk of developing peptic ulcers and gastric carcinoma. The cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) has particularly important roles in the malignant transformation of gastric and intestinal epithelial cells as it is upregulated in -infected gastric mucosa. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13099-020-00368-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7333391PMC

Prognostic Role of IL-18 in Various Human Cancers and Radiation Injuries: A Meta-Analysis.

Dose Response 2020 Apr-Jun;18(2):1559325820931360. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Nuclear Accident Medical Emergency, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Background: In recent years, more and more studies have shown that various inflammatory factors have predictive effects on the prognosis of various human tumors. However, the prognostic role of interleukin 18 (IL-18) remains controversial. Furthermore, its role in radiation-induced injuries relating to radiotherapy (RT) is also unclear. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1559325820931360DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323287PMC

microRNA-582 Potentiates Liver and Lung Metastasis of Gastric Carcinoma Cells Through the FOXO3-Mediated PI3K/Akt/Snail Pathway.

Cancer Manag Res 2020 30;12:5201-5212. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

School of Medicine, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, People's Republic of China.

Background: The dysregulation of microRNA (miRNAs) is broadly participated in cancer progression, resulting in sustained cell proliferation by directly targeting various targets. This study investigated the expression of miR-582 in GC and its association with liver metastasis.

Methods: Firstly, differentially expressed miRNAs in gastric cancer (GC) tissues were predicted by microarray. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S245674DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7335301PMC

Gastric metastases from primary breast cancers: rare causes of common gastrointestinal disorders.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Jul 6;13(7). Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

We report two cases of gastric metastases from primary breast cancers. In case 1, a 31-year-old woman with right-sided ductal breast carcinoma presented with nausea, vomiting and frank haematemesis, 8 months after mastectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy. An esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) revealed multiple ulcerated gastric lesions secondary to metastatic adenocarcinoma from primary breast tumour. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-231763DOI Listing

The Use of C-Urea Breath Test for Non-Invasive Diagnosis of Infection in Comparison to Endoscopy and Stool Antigen Test.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2020 Jul 3;10(7). Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Deapartment of Pathology, Microbiology and Forensic Medicine, Jordan University, Amman 11924, Jordan.

() can cause gastritis, peptic ulcer diseases and gastric carcinoma. Endoscopy as the gold standard method of diagnosis is an invasive procedure that might not be suitable in all scenarios. Therefore, this first study in Jordan aimed to assess the non-invasive C urea breath test (UBT) and stool antigen test for diagnosis of infection and the successfulness of eradication therapy as alternatives for endoscopy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10070448DOI Listing

LncRNA HOTTIP promotes proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of gastric carcinoma cells via adsorbing miR-615-3p.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020 Jun;24(12):6692-6698

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Hengyang, China.

Objective: To explore the role of long-noncoding ribonucleic acid HOXA transcript at the distal tip (lncRNA HOTTIP) in the proliferation and apoptosis of gastric carcinoma cells.

Materials And Methods: The expressions of lncRNA HOTTIP in gastric carcinoma cell lines MGC-803, HGC-27, SNU-1, and SGC-7901 and normal gastric mucosa cell line RGM-1 were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and compared. The effects of lncRNA HOTTIP on proliferation and apoptosis of gastric carcinoma cells were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation assay, and flow cytometry, respectively. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_202006_21656DOI Listing

Mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma of the distal bile duct: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2020 Jul 6;6(1):160. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Surgery, Hiroshima Red Cross Hospital and Atomic-bomb Survivors Hospital, 1-9-6 Senda-machi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima, 730-8619, Japan.

Background: Mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma (MANEC) of the common bile duct (CBD) is very rare, with only 10 reported cases. Here, we report a case of MANEC of the distal bile duct (DBD) that was surgically resected under a diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA).

Case Presentation: A 60-year-old male had epigastric pain and was admitted to our hospital for the treatment of a suspected CBD stone. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40792-020-00921-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7338298PMC

Chromoendoscopy: role in modern endoscopic imaging.

Transl Gastroenterol Hepatol 2020 5;5:39. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Gastroenterology Department, Lyell McEwin Hospital, Elizabeth Vale, South Australia, Australia.

Detection of early gastrointestinal tract malignancy can be challenging on white light endoscopy especially as lesions can be subtle and inconspicuous. With the advent of electronic chromoendoscopy technologies, lesions which have already been detected can be quickly and "conveniently" characterised. This review will discuss some of the indications and modern applications of chromoendoscopy in various conditions including Barrett's oesophagus, oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma, early gastric cancer, inflammatory bowel disease and neoplastic colonic lesions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/tgh.2019.12.06DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7063532PMC

Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among Sudanese patients diagnosed with colon polyps and colon cancer using immunohistochemistry technique.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Jul 6;13(1):322. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Histopathology and Cytology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.

Objectives: Infection with the bacteria Helicobacter pylori has been classified as class one carcinogen associated with increasing susceptibility of gastritis and gastric carcinoma. This study is aiming at investigating the prevalence of H. pylori among colon polyps and colon cancer patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05159-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7339555PMC

Long non‑coding RNA FLVCR1‑AS1 promotes glioma cell proliferation and invasion by negatively regulating miR‑30b‑3p.

Mol Med Rep 2020 Aug 15;22(2):723-732. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Blood Transfusion, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150001, P.R. China.

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and malignant primary brain tumor in adults that originates from glial cells. The prognosis of patients with high‑grade glioma is poor. It is therefore crucial to develop effective therapeutic strategies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.11149DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7339652PMC

Long Noncoding RNASBF2-AS1 Promotes Gastric Cancer Progression via Regulating miR-545/EMS1 Axis.

Biomed Res Int 2020 12;2020:6590303. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Radiotherapy, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130033, China.

Objective: Long noncoding RNA (LncRNA) SBF2-AS1 was reportedly to function as an oncogene in several types of cancers, such as hepatocellular carcinoma, nonsmall cell lung cancer, glioma, and colorectal cancer. However, the biological roles and regulatory mechanisms of SBF2-AS1 in gastric cancer (GC) are unknown.

Methods: The expression of SBF2-AS1 and miR-545 were examined in GC tissues and cell lines via real-time quantitative PCR. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6590303DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7306839PMC

New Analysis Framework Incorporating Mixed Mutual Information and Scalable Bayesian Networks for Multimodal High Dimensional Genomic and Epigenomic Cancer Data.

Front Genet 2020 18;11:648. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Computational and Quantitative Medicine, Beckman Research Institute and Diabetes and Metabolism Research Institute of the City of Hope, Duarte, CA, United States.

We propose a novel two-stage analysis strategy to discover candidate genes associated with the particular cancer outcomes in large multimodal genomic cancers databases, such as The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). During the first stage, we use mixed mutual information to perform variable selection; during the second stage, we use scalable Bayesian network (BN) modeling to identify candidate genes and their interactions. Two crucial features of the proposed approach are (i) the ability to handle mixed data types (continuous and discrete, genomic, epigenomic, etc. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2020.00648DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314938PMC

Helicobacter pylori gastric infection in patients with laryngeal cancer and chronic laryngitis.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of ENT, Head and Neck Surgery, General Hospital "Dr. Josip Benčević", Andrije Štampara 42, 35000, Slavonski Brod, Croatia.

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the pathohistological status of mucous lining infected with Helicobacte pylori as the possible cause of chronic laryngitis and laryngeal carcinoma.

Materials And Methods: The prospective examination included 51 patients suffering from planocellular laryngeal cancer and 26 examinees suffering from chronic laryngitis. The examinees and the control group were subjected to esophagogastroduodenoscopy which described the local status of the esophagus and stomach. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-06172-8DOI Listing

Critical role of EphA3 in cancer and current state of EphA3 drug therapeutics.

Mol Biol Rep 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Molecular Genetics, Donnelly Centre, University of Toronto, 160 College Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 3E1, Canada.

The erythropoietin-producing human hepatocellular (Eph) receptors are transmembrane glycoprotein members of the tyrosine kinase receptors family. The Ephs may bind to various ephrin ligands resulting in the phosphorylation of their tyrosine kinase domain and the activation of the Eph receptor. In this review we focus on EphA3, one receptor of the 14 different Ephs, as it carries out both redundant and restricted functions in the germline development of mammals and in the maintenance of various adult tissues. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-020-05571-8DOI Listing

Evaluation of the Effects of Valproic Acid Treatment on Cell Survival and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition-Related Features of Human Gastric Cancer Cells.

J Gastrointest Cancer 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, 81746-73461, Iran.

Purpose: Metastasis is the most important feature of gastric cancer accounting for more than 90% of tumor-related mortality. As one of the main modulators of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACI) are considered rational candidates for cancer therapy. Valproic acid (VPA) is a HDACI with reported controversial effects on the EMT. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12029-019-00332-8DOI Listing

Clinical characteristics and comparison of the outcome in young versus older patients with upper gastrointestinal carcinoma.

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Division of Oncology, Department of Medicine I, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Background: The clinical behaviour and outcome of young patients with gastroesophageal tumours (GET) is surmised to differ from older patients, yet data on the comparison of these two patient subgroups is scarce. This study focuses on the investigation of the clinical characteristics and survival outcome of younger-age people with GET, when compared to older patients.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with GET at the Medical University of Vienna between 2004 and 2016 were included in this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00432-020-03302-xDOI Listing

PODXL might be a new prognostic biomarker in various cancers: a meta-analysis and sequential verification with TCGA datasets.

BMC Cancer 2020 Jul 2;20(1):620. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Center for Gene Diagnosis, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Absract: BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated the associations between the podocalyxin-like protein (PODXL) expression quantity or locations and cancers survival, but the results were far from conclusive. Therefore, we proceeded a meta-analysis on PODXL in various human cancers to find its prognostic value and followed confirmation using the TCGA datasets.

Methods: We performed a systematic search, and 18 citations, including 5705 patients were pooled in meta-analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-020-07108-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7331259PMC

Efficacy of enhanced prehabilitation for patients with esophageal cancer undergoing esophagectomy.

Esophagus 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Surgery, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Idaidori, Yahaba-cho, Shiwa-gun, Iwate, 028-3695, Japan.

Background: Several studies have demonstrated that prehabilitation helps reduce the incidence of postoperative complications. In this study, we investigated the safety and efficacy of enhanced prehabilitation (EP) in the hospital for patients with esophageal cancer.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 48 consecutive patients who underwent radical esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction between September 2015 and June 2019. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10388-020-00757-2DOI Listing

Oridonin Suppresses Human Gastric Cancer Growth in Vitro and in Vivo via Inhibition of VEGF, Integrin β3, and PCNA.

Biol Pharm Bull 2020 ;43(7):1035-1045

Department of Surgical Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hebe North University.

The diterpenoid oridonin is an extract from the herb Rabdosia rubescens, commonly used in Traditional Chinese medicine. Oridonin has putative inhibitory activity in many human cancers. This study continued investigations into the therapeutic potential of oridonin against gastric carcinoma, and the underlying mechanism. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1248/bpb.b19-00839DOI Listing
January 2020

A case of Turcot's syndrome type 1 with loss of immunoexpression of MSH6 in colon cancer and liver metastasis due to secondary somatic mutation in coding mononucleotide (C)8 tract: a case report.

BMC Med Genet 2020 Jul 1;21(1):141. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Surgery, National Hospital Organization, Kure Medical Center and Chugoku Cancer Center, 3-1, Aoyama-cho, Kure City, Hiroshima, 737-0023, Japan.

Background: Lynch syndrome (LS), which is known as a hereditary cancer syndrome, is distinguished by microsatellite instability, represented by the altered number of repetitive sequences in the coding and/or non-coding region. Immunohistochemical staining (IHC) of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) proteins (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12881-020-01079-xDOI Listing

[Metastatic gastrointestinal hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the liver: a high-grade carcinoma that is easily confused with primary hepatocellular carcinoma].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2020 Jul;49(7):710-714

Department of Pathology, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, China; Department of Pathology, Drum Tower School of Clinical Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210008, China.

To investigate the clinicopathologic and immunophenotypic features of metastatic gastrointestinal hepatoid adenocarcinomas in the liver. Eight cases of hepatic metastatic gastrointestinal hepatoid adenocarcinoma diagnosed at the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School from January 2009 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical data, histopathologic features and immunohistochemical (IHC) characteristics performed by EnVision method were analyzed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112151-20191123-00753DOI Listing

Routine panendoscopy in oral squamous cell cancer patients: mandatory or facultative?

Clin Oral Investig 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital of Tuebingen, Osianderstr. 2-8, 72076, Tuebingen, Germany.

Objectives: This study investigated benefits of routine panendoscopy in staging of oral squamous cell cancer patients.

Materials And Methods: From 2013 to 2017, 194 oral squamous cell cancer patients were staged. Reports of routine flexible panendoscopy including oropharyngolaryngoscopy, bronchoscopy, and esophagogastroduodenoscopy were retrospectively analyzed for diagnoses of inflammation and second primary malignancies (carcinoma in situ or cancer) and compared to results of computed tomography. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-020-03429-8DOI Listing

Transthoracic Versus Transhiatal Esophagectomy for Esophageal Cancer: A Nationwide Propensity Score-Matched Cohort Analysis.

Ann Surg Oncol 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Amsterdam UMC, Department of Surgery, Cancer Center Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Chemoradiation followed by resection has been the standard therapy for resectable (cT1-4aN0-3M0) esophageal carcinoma in the Netherlands since 2010. The optimal surgical approach remains a matter of debate. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the transhiatal and the transthoracic approach concerning morbidity, mortality and oncological quality. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1245/s10434-020-08760-8DOI Listing

Multiple Immune-Related Adverse Events and Anti-Tumor Efficacy: Real-World Data on Various Solid Tumors.

Cancer Manag Res 2020 16;12:4585-4593. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been approved for various types of cancer; however, they cause a broad spectrum of immune-related adverse events (irAEs). The association between the development of irAEs and the clinical benefit remains uncertain. We aimed to evaluate the association of irAEs and the treatment efficacy in real-world practice. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S247554DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305832PMC

Gastro-Protective Effects of Calycosin Against Precancerous Lesions of Gastric Carcinoma in Rats.

Drug Des Devel Ther 2020 9;14:2207-2219. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Digestive Disease Center, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Aim: Gastric cancer is a leading cause of cancer death worldwide. In-depth research of precancerous lesions of gastric carcinoma (PLGC) with malignant transformation potential is a key measure to prevent the development of gastric carcinoma. Recently, calycosin has been shown to have anticancer effects in vitro and in vivo. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S247958DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7294567PMC

Global burden of oesophageal and gastric cancer by histology and subsite in 2018.

Gut 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Section of Cancer Surveillance, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.

Objectives: To provide updated estimates of the global burden of oesophageal and gastric cancer by subsite and type.

Methods: Using data from population-based cancer registries, proportions of oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC) and squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) out of all oesophageal as well as cardia gastric cancer (CGC) and non-CGC (NCGC) out of all gastric cancer cases were computed by country, sex and age group. Proportions were subsequently applied to the estimated numbers of oesophageal and gastric cancer cases from GLOBOCAN 2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2020-321600DOI Listing

Laparoscopic-assisted Esophageal Bypass for T4b Esophageal Tumor as a Bridge to Definitive Therapy.

In Vivo 2020 Jul-Aug;34(4):2163-2168

First Department of Surgery, Upper Gastrointestinal and General Surgery Unit, Laiko General Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Background/aim: Esophagobronchial fistula is a common complication of advanced esophageal cancer, related to respiratory distress and mortality. Esophageal bypass has been successfully utilized for palliation, as bridging to definitive chemoradiotherapy. The aim of this study is to present an extremely difficult case of a mid-esophageal squamous cell carcinoma complicated with aerodigestive fistula that was treated using 3D laparoscopic-assisted esophageal bypass with curative intent. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/invivo.12024DOI Listing
January 2020

Sex Chromosomes Are Severely Disrupted in Gastric Cancer Cell Lines.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jun 28;21(13). Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Department of Medical Life Sciences, Department of Biomedicine & Health Sciences, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 222 Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul 06591, Korea.

Sex has not received enough attention as an important biological variable in basic research, even though the sex of cells often affects cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and response to stimulation. Knowing and considering the sex of cells used in basic research is essential as preclinical and clinical studies are planned based on basic research results. Cell lines derived from tumor have been widely used for proof-of-concept experiments. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21134598DOI Listing

Potentially Bioaccessible Phenolics from Mung Bean and Adzuki Bean Sprouts Enriched with Probiotic-Antioxidant Properties and Effect on the Motility and Survival of AGS Human Gastric Carcinoma Cells.

Molecules 2020 Jun 28;25(13). Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Department of Cell Biology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa Str. 7, 30-387 Cracow, Poland.

Gastric digests from mung (MBS) and adzuki (ABS) bean sprouts enriched with probiotic 299v were tested for their antioxidant potential, as well as antiproliferative and antimotility properties, in human stomach cancer cells (AGS). The digest of ABS contained quercetin and kaempferol derivates, while kaempferol and apigenin derivates were dominant in MBS. Compared to the controls, the probiotic-rich sprouts had a higher antioxidant potential-by 13% and 9%, respectively. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules25132963DOI Listing

Health-related quality of life and health utility score of patients with gastric cancer: A multi-centre cross-sectional survey in China.

Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) 2020 Jun 29:e13283. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an, China.

Objective: To evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and health state utility scores of gastric cancer patients in daily life at different clinical stages after treatment, and to explore influencing factors associated with HRQoL.

Methods: Gastric cancer patients discharged from hospitals and healthy controls identified by screening were recruited. The three-level EQ-5D was employed to assess HRQoL and was scored using two Chinese-specific tariffs published in 2014 and 2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecc.13283DOI Listing

Balloon Retrograde Transvenous Obliteration for Treatment of Persistent Gastric Variceal Bleed in Patient With Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Cureus 2020 Jun 24;12(6):e8796. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Internal Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, USA.

Gastric varices are often associated with formation of spontaneous portosystemic shunts that arise to relieve portal hypertension. Balloon retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) is a procedure indicated to prevent recurrent gastric variceal bleeding. Its advantage is diverting blood flow towards the liver, but this can also worsen portal pressure and increase risk for ascites or esophageal variceal bleeding. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8796DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7317128PMC

MAGE-A4, NY-ESO-1 and SAGE mRNA expression rates and co-expression relationships in solid tumours.

BMC Cancer 2020 Jun 29;20(1):606. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Immuno-Gene Therapy, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu, Mie, 514-8507, Japan.

Background: Cancer testis (CT) antigens are promising targets for cancer immunotherapies such as cancer vaccines and genetically modified adoptive T cell therapy. In this study, we evaluated the expression of three CT antigens, melanoma-associated antigen A4 (MAGE-A4), New York oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma 1 (NY-ESO-1) and sarcoma antigen gene (SAGE).

Methods: MAGE-A4, NY-ESO-1 and/or SAGE antigen expression in tumour samples was evaluated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-020-07098-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325278PMC

[Assessment of external risk factors of hepatocellular cancer development and markers of genetic predisposition to its development in the ethnic group of yakut - men].

Ter Arkh 2020 Jan 15;92(1):56-61. Epub 2020 Jan 15.

Irkutsk State Medical University.

Aim: To establish the main external and genetically determined risk factors for the development of hepatocellular cancer in the ethnic group of male Yakuts living in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) [RS (Y)] in the epidemiologically unfavorable conditions of the incidence of viral hepatitis.

Materials And Methods: A total of 97 male Yakuts were examined, including 44 people diagnosed with hepatocellular cancer and 53 people diagnosed with chronic viral hepatitis. HCC risk factors were identified by analyzing medical records and questioning patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.26442/00403660.2020.01.000505DOI Listing
January 2020

Allicin suppresses growth and metastasis of gastric carcinoma: the key role of microRNA-383-5p-mediated inhibition of ERBB4 signaling.

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 2020 Jun 28:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Wuhan Union Hospital , Wuhan, China.

Allicin is a natural product suppressing the progression of gastric carcinoma (GC). In the current study, the mechanism underlying the anti-GC effect of allicin was explored by focusing on the role of miR-383-5p/ERBB4 signaling. Two GC cell lines were treated with allicin and the effects on viability, apoptosis, migration, invasion, and miR-383-5p/ERBB4 activity in the cells were assessed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09168451.2020.1780903DOI Listing

The miR-140-5p/KLF9/KCNQ1 axis promotes the progression of renal cell carcinoma.

FASEB J 2020 Jun 28. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Guangdong and Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Male Reproductive Medicine and Genetics, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, Clinical College of Anhui Medical University, Shenzhen, China.

Although renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a common malignant urological cancer, its pathogenesis remains unclear. Previous studies have indicated that miR-140-5p acts as a tumor suppressor in various tumors, including bladder cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, and gastric cancer, but its biological function in RCC remains unknown. In the present study, we found that miR-140-5p was upregulated in RCC tissues, whereas Krüppel-like factor 9 (KLF9) was downregulated and correlated inversely with miR-140-5p in RCC tissues. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1096/fj.202000088RRDOI Listing

Synchronous Hepatocellular Carcinoma in a Patient with Primary Gastric Cancer: An Exceptional Association.

Case Rep Gastroenterol 2020 May-Aug;14(2):299-305. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, Ibn Al Jazzar, University Hospital of Sahloul, Sousse, Tunisia.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most frequent type of liver cancer. Liver cirrhosis of any etiology is considered the main risk factor for the development of HCC. However, HCC in noncirrhotic livers remains an uncommon finding. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506188DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315167PMC

Two independent families with strongly suspected hereditary diffuse gastric cancer based on the probands' endoscopic findings.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Department of Tumor Pathology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Japan.

Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) is the most famous of hereditary gastric cancer syndromes with an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern, and its diagnosis can be made by identifying a pathogenic germline variant in CDH1. We report two independent families that were strongly suspected of having HDGC based on endoscopic findings (multiple tiny, pale areas) obtained in the probands; the probands were pathologically diagnosed as having signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) and were genetically confirmed to have a pathogenic CDH1 germline variant. Although the updated International Gastric Cancer Linkage Consortium (IGCLC)'s clinical guidelines for HDGC (2015) state that screening/surveillance endoscopy should be performed (Cambridge protocol), the endoscopic findings obtained in the two presently reported families suggest that pale areas should be suspected as indicating the presence of SRCCs, and biopsies should be performed in addition to obtaining a precise family history in cases suspected of having HDGC. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-020-01163-yDOI Listing

Rare coincidence of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm and type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Department of Gastroenterology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima, 960-1295, Japan.

The present case involved a 60-year-old man with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). While his AIP was in remission for 6 years, a follow-up CE-CT revealed a dilated main pancreatic duct (MPD) and an enhanced mural nodule. Fluorodeoxyglucose uptake was positive on positron emission tomography. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-020-01162-zDOI Listing

Socioeconomic and administrative factors associated with treatment delay of esophageal and gastric carcinoma: Prospective study from a tertiary care centre in a developing country.

Cancer Epidemiol 2020 Jun 24;67:101770. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Medical Oncology, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, India. Electronic address:

This study was aimed to analyze the spectrum of time intervals, from the onset of symptoms to the commencement of treatment in esophagogastric cancers. Factors influencing these time delays and correlation between these time points with variables including socioeconomic strata, educational level, histopathology, location of tumor and the initial modality of treatment were assessed.

Study Setting And Methods: A prospective analysis of patients with esophagogastric cancer presenting to a single tertiary care unit over a period of 12 months was performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2020.101770DOI Listing
June 2020
2.558 Impact Factor

Nivolumab exerts therapeutic effects against metastatic lesions from early gastric adenocarcinoma with a small proportion of neuroendocrine carcinoma after gastrectomy: a case report.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Kumamoto, 860-8556, Japan.

Gastric neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) is an aggressive disease with high metastatic ability. Gastric cancer has intra-tumoral and intra-patient heterogeneity and may contain NEC. We discuss the case of a 75-year-old man who underwent distal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-020-01159-8DOI Listing

Clinical and histological features of secondary carcinomas in gastrointestinal tract biopsies.

Histopathology 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Background: Secondary carcinoma involving the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is an uncommon finding in biopsy specimens. The diagnosis can be challenging for tumours mimicking a primary carcinoma and when the clinical context is unknown.

Material And Methods: A multicentre retrospective study was performed to evaluate the clinical and histological features of a series of secondary carcinoma in GI biopsies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/his.14195DOI Listing

High expression of ghrelin and obestatin prepropeptide in tumor tissues predicted adverse overall survival in gastric carcinoma patients.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jun;99(26):e20635

Department of Surgical Oncology, Taizhou Cancer Hospital, Wenling, PR China.

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is the most prevailing digestive tract malignant tumor worldwide with high mortality and recurrence rates. However, its potential molecular mechanism and prognostic biomarkers are still not fully understood. We aim to screen novel prognostic biomarkers related to GC prognosis using comprehensive bioinformatic tools. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020635DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7328939PMC

Clinical Impact of Antecedent Bariatric Surgery on Liver Transplant Outcomes: A Retrospective Matched Case-control Study.

Transplantation 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Division of Transplantation, Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.A.

Background: Bariatric surgery (BS) may be associated with significant malabsorption and nutritional deficiencies.

Methods: Between March 1987 and January 2017, we performed 922 liver transplants (LT) at our institution; 33 had antecedent BS. We matched the BS cohort to LT recipients without BS (1:3 matching) based on exact matching for gender and cancer and inverse variance matching for age, LT BMI, MELD score, and transplant date. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TP.0000000000003378DOI Listing

Equus caballus papillomavirus type 2 (EcPV2) in co-occurring vulvar and gastric lesions of a pony.

Res Vet Sci 2020 Jun 5;132:167-171. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte, Liguria e Valle D'Aosta, National Reference Center of Veterinary and Comparative Oncology (CEROVEC), Piazza Borgo Pila, 16129 Genova, Italy.

In horses, squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are the most common malignant tumors developing on non-pigmented skin, muco-cutaneous areas, like external genitalia, and, less frequently, in the stomach. Growing evidence suggests Equus caballus papillomavirus type 2 (EcPV2) as causative agent of genital SCCs. Our case report describes a 20-year-old, female, mixed-breed pony with co-occurring vulvar papilloma and in situ carcinoma and gastric SCC. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2020.06.003DOI Listing

FB-15 inhibits MGC-803 cells growth by regulating energy metabolism.

Chem Biol Interact 2020 Jun 23:109186. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Institute of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Hunan Province Cooperative Innovation Center for Molecular Target New Drug Study, University of South China, Hengyang City, Hunan Province, PR China; Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Tumor Microenvironment Responsive Drug Research, Hengyang City, Hunan Province, PR China. Electronic address:

In this study, we scrutinized the anticancer effects of FB-15 on human gastric carcinoma MGC-803 cells in vitro and vivo, and its preliminary effect on tubulin and HIF-1α. We confirmed that FB-15 not only inhibited the proliferation of a large number of cells in a concentration and time-dependent manner but also inhibited proliferation of a single cell to form clones. FB-15 manifested little cytotoxicity for normal stomach cells GES-1. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbi.2020.109186DOI Listing