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    2785 results match your criteria Gas Gangrene

    1 OF 56

    Squamous cell carcinoma of the perineum masquerading as necrotizing hidradenitis suppurativa.
    Dermatol Online J 2018 Apr 15;24(4). Epub 2018 Apr 15.
    Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Many cases of superinfected hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) involve multiple species of bacteria, but gas-producing infections are rare and can complicate the clinical picture. Additionally, recognizing squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) as a complication of longstanding HS is imperative. Herein, we present a unique case of a severe emphysematous HS that was initially mistaken for Fournier gangrene and eventually diagnosed as superinfected SCC. Read More

    Mycotic aneurysm caused by Clostridium septicum in a patient with colorectal cancer.
    Infection 2018 May 29. Epub 2018 May 29.
    Department of Surgery, Amphia Ziekenhuis, Molengracht 21, 4818 CK, Breda, The Netherlands.
    A mycotic aneurysm caused by a Clostridium septicum is a rare infection and has a strong association with colorectal cancer. If left untreated, the mortality rate of the first 24 h is high. This case report discusses the optimal treatment of emergency surgery combined with antibiotic treatment to improve survival. Read More

    Whole genome analysis reveals the diversity and evolutionary relationships between necrotic enteritis-causing strains of Clostridium perfringens.
    BMC Genomics 2018 May 22;19(1):379. Epub 2018 May 22.
    Infection and Immunity Program, Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute and Department of Microbiology, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.
    Background: Clostridium perfringens causes a range of diseases in animals and humans including necrotic enteritis in chickens and food poisoning and gas gangrene in humans. Necrotic enteritis is of concern in commercial chicken production due to the cost of the implementation of infection control measures and to productivity losses. This study has focused on the genomic analysis of a range of chicken-derived C. Read More

    Mechanisms of Action and Cell Death Associated with Toxins.
    Toxins (Basel) 2018 May 22;10(5). Epub 2018 May 22.
    California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory, San Bernardino Branch, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, San Bernardino, CA 92408, USA.
    uses its large arsenal of protein toxins to produce histotoxic, neurologic and intestinal infections in humans and animals. The major toxins involved in diseases are alpha (CPA), beta (CPB), epsilon (ETX), iota (ITX), enterotoxin (CPE), and necrotic B-like (NetB) toxins. CPA is the main virulence factor involved in gas gangrene in humans, whereas its role in animal diseases is limited and controversial. Read More

    Clinical utility of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in genitourinary medicine.
    Med Gas Res 2018 Jan-Mar;8(1):29-33. Epub 2018 Apr 18.
    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Stony Brook University School of Medicine, Stony Brook, NY, USA.
    Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a medical technique which delivers oxygen at ambient pressures to increase the amount of dissolved oxygen in the blood and oxygen distribution to tissues. There are several beneficial properties of HBOT concomitant with elevated oxygen distribution in tissue including anti-inflammation, angiogenesis through vascular endothelial growth factor proliferation, augmented fibroblast activity through fibroblast growth factor proliferation, tissue and wound repair, enhancement of lymphocyte and macrophage activity, increased male testosterone secretion, and bactericidal activity. Given its renown in treating conditions such as decompression sickness and carbon monoxide poisoning, HBOT is making gradual strides for use in genitourinary medicine due to its low risk and likeliness to achieve favorable results. Read More

    Use of Viable Cryopreserved Umbilical Tissue for Soft Tissue Defects in Patients With Gas Gangrene: A Case Series.
    Wounds 2018 Apr;30(4):90-95
    Osiris Therapeutics, Inc, Columbia, MD.
    Introduction: Gas gangrene is a rapidly progressive bacterial infection leading to necrosis that usually develops as a result of trauma or postoperative complications. This condition requires early diagnosis with immediate surgical intervention. With a poor prognosis, a high incidence of amputation, and comorbidities such as diabetes and peripheral vascular disease, patients with gas gangrene are put at further risk for surgical complications. Read More

    Hyperbaric oxygen therapy: its use in medical emergencies and its development in Hong Kong.
    Hong Kong Med J 2018 Apr;24(2):191-199
    Emergency Medicine Unit, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.
    Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is widely accepted as life-saving treatment for decompression illness. Yet its use in acute carbon monoxide poisoning has remained controversial because of inconsistent findings in clinical trials. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy has an adjunctive role in managing gas gangrene, necrotising soft-tissue infection, and crush injury, as supported by case series. Read More

    Ethanolamine utilization supports Clostridium perfringens growth in infected tissues.
    Microb Pathog 2018 Jun 11;119:200-207. Epub 2018 Apr 11.
    Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, 1750-1 Miki, Kagawa, 761-0793, Japan. Electronic address:
    Clostridium perfringens possesses the ethanolamine (EA) utilization (eut) system encoded within the eut operon, which utilizes the EA as a carbon, nitrogen and energy source. To determine the role of the eut system in C. perfringens growth, an in-frame deletion of the eutABC genes was made in strain HN13 to generate the eutABC-deleted mutant strain HY1701. Read More

    Concurrent Host-Pathogen Transcriptional Responses in a Murine Myonecrosis Infection.
    MBio 2018 Mar 27;9(2). Epub 2018 Mar 27.
    Infection and Immunity Program, Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute and Department of Microbiology, Monash University, Clayton, Australia
    To obtain an insight into host-pathogen interactions in clostridial myonecrosis, we carried out comparative transcriptome analysis of both the bacterium and the host in a murine infection model, which is the first time that such an investigation has been conducted. Analysis of the host transcriptome from infected muscle tissues indicated that many genes were upregulated compared to the results seen with mock-infected mice. These genes were enriched for host defense pathways, including Toll-like receptor (TLR) and Nod-like receptor (NLR) signaling components. Read More

    The Unusual Presence of Gas From a Puncture Wound: A Case Report.
    J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Mar 21. Epub 2018 Mar 21.
    Student, Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.
    The presence of gas within soft tissues as suggested by plain film radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging is usually sufficient evidence for a gas-producing bacterial infection. A thorough clinical examination and history and tissue culture are necessary to better determine the source of the gas. However, despite the unremarkable physical examination findings, the present case of a plantar puncture wound rapidly developed gas in the tissues and warranted surgical exploration and repair. Read More

    Atraumatic Clostridial Myonecrosis in an Immunocompromised Host.
    J Emerg Med 2018 Jun 10;54(6):e121-e123. Epub 2018 Mar 10.
    Division of Community Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida.
    Background: Necrotizing fasciitis is usually associated with a surgical or traumatic wound. Clostridial myonecrosis is an uncommon but deadly infection that can develop in the absence of a wound and is often associated with occult gastrointestinal cancer or immunocompromise, or both.

    Case Report: We report a case of catastrophic atraumatic Clostridium septicum infection in an immunocompromised host. Read More

    Sliding free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap for closure of a massive abdominal wall defect: A case report.
    Microsurgery 2018 Feb 16. Epub 2018 Feb 16.
    Department of Hand, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Burn Center, BG Trauma Center Ludwigshafen, Hand and Plastic Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Despite considerable advances in reconstructive surgery, massive abdominal wall defects continue to pose a significant surgical challenge. We report the case of a 72-year-old morbidly obese female patient with Clostridium septicum-related gas gangrene of the abdominal wall. After multidisciplinary treatment and multiple extensive debridements, a massive full-thickness defect (40 cm × 35 cm) of the right abdominal wall was present. Read More

    Metabolic dependent and independent pH-drop shuts down VirSR quorum sensing in Clostridium perfringens.
    J Biosci Bioeng 2018 May 17;125(5):525-531. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Graduate School, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan. Electronic address:
    Clostridium perfringens produces various exotoxins and enzymes that cause food poisoning and gas gangrene. The genes involved in virulence are regulated by the agr-like quorum sensing (QS) system, which consists of a QS signal synthesis system and a VirSR two-component regulatory system (VirSR TCS) which is a global regulatory system composed of signal sensor kinase (VirS) and response regulator (VirR). We found that the perfringolysin O gene (pfoA) was transiently expressed during mid-log phase of bacterial growth; its expression was rapidly shut down thereafter, suggesting the existence of a self-quorum quenching (sQQ) system. Read More

    Thigh emphysema as the initial presentation of colon ischemia.
    Am J Emerg Med 2018 Mar 6;36(3):526.e1-526.e3. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Liouying, Taiwan. Electronic address:
    The incidence of colon ischemia has increased in recent years, and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The typical presentations of colon ischemia include abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, and in severe case, ileus, fever and peritonitis. Here, we document a rare case of colon ischemia presenting with subcutaneous and intramuscular emphysema of the thigh. Read More

    Treatment of severe skin and soft tissue infections: a review.
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 2018 Apr;31(2):113-119
    Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
    Purpose Of Review: To review the salient features of the management of severe skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), including toxic shock syndrome, myonecrosis/gas gangrene, and necrotizing fasciitis.

    Recent Findings: For severe SSTIs, intensive care, source control, and broad-spectrum antimicrobials are required for the initial phase of illness. There is an increasing focus on the utility of rapid diagnostic tests to help in selection and de-escalation of antimicrobials for SSTIs. Read More

    Immunization with a nontoxic naturally occurring Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin induces neutralizing antibodies in rabbits.
    Anaerobe 2018 Feb 12;49:48-52. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Departamento de Biologia Geral, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, 31270-901, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin, encoded by plc gene, has been implicated in gas gangrene, a life threatening infection. Vaccination is considered one of the best solutions against Clostridium infections. Although studies have identified many low quality clostridial vaccines, the use of recombinant proteins has been considered a promising alternative. Read More

    Combined therapy with gas gangrene antitoxin and recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin for Clostridium perfringens sepsis in a rat model.
    Toxicon 2018 Jan 12;141:112-117. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Department of Pharmacology, Kagawa University Hospital, 1750-1 Ikenobe, Miki, Kita, Kagawa 761-0793, Japan. Electronic address:
    Cases of Clostridium perfringens septicemia, such as liver abscess, often develop a rapidly progressive intravascular hemolysis and coagulation; the mortality rate with current standard care including antibiotics and surgery is high. Herein, we firstly investigated the effects of gas gangrene antitoxin (GGA) (antitoxin against C. perfringens) and recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rTM) on the hemolysis, coagulation status, inflammatory process, and mortality in α-toxin-treated rats. Read More

    The Role of FDG PET in Diabetic Myonecrosis: A Rare and Underrecognized Complication of Diabetes.
    Clin Nucl Med 2018 Feb;43(2):112-113
    From the Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada.
    A 66-year-old man with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes was admitted for acute bilateral calf pain in the context of coronary artery disease, chronic renal failure, and peripheral neuropathy. Lower-extremity Doppler ultrasound excluded deep vein thrombosis. FDG-PET was performed to exclude a suspected infection because of elevated white blood cells and inflammatory markers but normal creatinine kinase levels. Read More

    Complete genome sequences of Del1 strain isolated from chickens affected by necrotic enteritis.
    Gut Pathog 2017 21;9:69. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    Animal Biosciences and Biotechnology Laboratory, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service-US Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, MD 20705 USA.
    Background: is ubiquitous in nature. It is a normal inhabitant in the intestinal tract of animals and humans. As the primary etiological agent of gas gangrene, necrosis and bacteremia, causes food poisoning, necrotic enteritis (NE), and even death. Read More

    Deadly combination: and colorectal malignancy.
    BMJ Case Rep 2017 Dec 2;2017. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    General Surgery, University Hospital Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.
    Gas gangrene is a life-threatening, necrotising soft tissue infection. Colorectal malignancy-associated is a rare cause of gas gangrene. This case outlines an initial presentation of colonic malignancy as gas gangrene from infection. Read More

    Biotechnological Applications of Microbial (Per)chlorate Reduction.
    Microorganisms 2017 11 24;5(4). Epub 2017 Nov 24.
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    While the microbial degradation of a chloroxyanion-based herbicide was first observed nearly ninety years ago, only recently have researchers elucidated the underlying mechanisms of perchlorate and chlorate [collectively, (per)chlorate] respiration. Although the obvious application of these metabolisms lies in the bioremediation and attenuation of (per)chlorate in contaminated environments, a diversity of alternative and innovative biotechnological applications has been proposed based on the unique metabolic abilities of dissimilatory (per)chlorate-reducing bacteria (DPRB). This is fueled in part by the unique ability of these organisms to generate molecular oxygen as a transient intermediate of the central pathway of (per)chlorate respiration. Read More

    Effect of transfer status on outcomes for necrotizing soft tissue infections.
    J Surg Res 2017 Dec 1;220:372-378. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Department of Surgery Division of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin.
    Background: Whether patients with necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTI) who presented to under-resourced hospitals are best served by immediate debridement or expedited transfer is unknown. We examined whether interhospital transfer status impacts outcomes of patients requiring emergency debridement for NSTI.

    Methods And Materials: We conducted a retrospective review studying patients with an operative diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis, Fournier's gangrene, or gas gangrene in the 2010-2015 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Participant Use Data Files. Read More

    Fusobacterium emphysematous pyomyositis with necrotizing fasciitis of the leg presenting as compartment syndrome: a case report.
    J Med Case Rep 2017 Nov 28;11(1):332. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    Department of Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, 60612, IL, USA.
    Background: Fusobacterium necrophorum is a common agent of disease in humans, but the occurrence of primary infections outside the head and neck area is extremely rare. While infection with Fusobacterium necrophorum has a rather benign course above the thorax, the organism is capable of producing very severe disease when located in unusual sites, including various forms of septic thrombophlebitis. No infections of the leg have been documented before; thus, antibiotic coverage for Fusobacterium is currently not recommended in this area. Read More

    Liver abscess and sepsis caused by Clostridium perfringens and Klebsiella oxytoca.
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2017 5;41:180-183. Epub 2017 Nov 5.
    Department of General, Visceral and Cancer Surgery, HELIOS Klinikum Berlin-Buch, Schwanebecker Chaussee 50, 13125 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Clostridium (C) perfringens and Klebsiella (K) oxytoca are pathogenous human bacteria. Due to the production of several toxins C. perfringens is virulent by causing i. Read More

    Uterine infection related to gynecologic malignancy.
    Gynecol Oncol Rep 2017 Nov 21;22:55-57. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Dr, Iowa City, IA 52242, United States.
    Uterine gas gangrene caused by is a serious, often life-threatening infection that is rarely encountered in the practice of gynecologic oncology. However, the hypoxic nature of gynecologic cancers due to necrosis and/or prior radiation therapy creates a microenvironment optimal for proliferation of anaerobic bacteria such as the species. Early recognition and aggressive treatment with IV antibiotics and surgical debridement remain the cornerstones of management in order to decrease morbidity and mortality. Read More

    Rare postoperative complication: septic shock following elective abdominal surgery.
    BMJ Case Rep 2017 Oct 9;2017. Epub 2017 Oct 9.
    Department of General Surgery, Bedford Hospital NHS Trust, Bedford, UK.
    Postoperative infections are one of the most common complications in general surgery, and while rates have reduced with the routine administration of perioperative antibiotics, around 5% of patients undergoing a surgical procedure will develop an infective complication. The Gram-positive, obligate anaerobe, , is a well-known pathogen that forms part of both the environmental and gastrointestinal flora. While more commonly associated with food poisoning, anaerobic cellulitis and traumatic gas gangrene, rare cases of spontaneous non-traumatic gas gangrene of abdominal viscera have also been recorded. Read More

    Design, synthesis and collagenase inhibitory activity of some novel phenylglycine derivatives as metalloproteinase inhibitors.
    Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Feb 6;107(Pt B):1491-1500. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
    Pharmaceutical Chemistry Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering & Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi 221005, India. Electronic address:
    Metalloproteases are a class of proteases having metal ion(s) at their catalytic sites. Bacterial collagenases are involved in human gas gangrene, periodontal diseases, food etc. The Clostridium collagenase occurs in two isoforms COL_G and Col_H. Read More

    Prognostic factors and treatment outcomes for patients with Fournier's gangrene: a retrospective study.
    Int Wound J 2017 Dec 25;14(6):1352-1358. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Department of Surgery, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Fournier's gangrene is a gas-forming, necrotising soft tissue infection affecting the perineum. It spreads rapidly along the deep fascial planes and is associated with a high mortality rate. With a growing elderly population with comorbidities, the frequency of severe cases of Fournier's gangrene is expected to increase. Read More

    Anal Canal Gas Gangrene in Aplastic Anaemia: Rare yet Lethal Entity - A Caveat.
    Cureus 2017 Jul 13;9(7):e1469. Epub 2017 Jul 13.
    Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India.
    Gas gangrene is one of the most serious infections of traumatic and surgical wounds. The importance lies in the fact that, if not managed at the right time, the condition is fatal. Though perianal cellulitis and gangrene are commonly reported in immunocompromised patients, we report the case of a patient with gas gangrene involving only the anal canal extending to the rectum, a rare presentation to be reported in literature. Read More

    Mode of action of plectasin-derived peptides against gas gangrene-associated Clostridium perfringens type A.
    PLoS One 2017 21;12(9):e0185215. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    Key Laboratory of Feed Biotechnology, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China.
    NZ2114 and MP1102 are novel plectasin-derived peptides with potent activity against Gram-positive bacteria. The antibacterial characteristics and mechanism of NZ2114 and MP1102 against gas gangrene-associated Clostridium perfringens were studied for the first time. The minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal bactericidal concentration of NZ2114 and MP1102 against resistant C. Read More

    Presence of periaortic gas in Clostridium septicum-infected aortic aneurysm aids in early diagnosis: a case report and systematic review of the literature.
    J Med Case Rep 2017 Sep 21;11(1):268. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Ohta Nishinouchi Hospital, 2-5-20 Nishinouchi, Koriyama, Fukushima, 963-8558, Japan.
    Background: Clostridium septicum-infected aortic aneurysm is a fatal and rare disease. We present a fatal case of C. septicum-infected aortic aneurysm and a pertinent literature review with treatment suggestions for reducing mortality rates. Read More

    S Afr J Surg 2017 Sep;55(3):79
    Madadeni Hospital, University of Kwa-Zulu Natal.
    Background: Guillotine amputation for diabetic foot sepsis followed by an elective refashioning of the stump is regarded as standard practice. Primary amputation is associated with higher reamputation rates.

    Method: A prospective cohort study of 85 patients who underwent surgery for diabetic foot sepsis from 2014 to 2016 at Madadeni Provincial Hospital, KwaZulu-Natal was done. Read More

    Risk factors for delayed oral dietary intake in patients with deep neck infections including descending necrotizing mediastinitis.
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Nov 20;274(11):3951-3958. Epub 2017 Aug 20.
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Seiryomachi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8575, Japan.
    Although clinical outcomes of descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) and/or deep neck infection (DNI) have been extensively reported, no study has addressed delay in recovering oral ingestion after surgical interventions other than sporadic case reports. We herein compared clinical features of DNM and DNI cases over the same period, and clarified precipitating factors of delay in recovering oral ingestion by logistic regression analysis. We reviewed records of patients with DNI and DNM at our institution from August 2005 to July 2015. Read More

    The obesity paradox in patients with severe soft tissue infections.
    Am J Surg 2017 Sep 9;214(3):385-389. Epub 2016 Jul 9.
    Center for Surgery and Public Health, Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Heath, Boston, MA, USA; Trauma, Burn and Surgical Critical Care Division, Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:
    Background: The "obesity paradox" has been demonstrated in chronic diseases but not in acute surgery. We sought to determine whether obesity is associated with improved outcomes in patients with severe soft tissue infections (SSTIs).

    Methods: The 2006 to 2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to identify adult patients with SSTIs. Read More

    Scrotal Abscess Drained by Iatrogenic Urethral Fistula in an Adult Diabetic Male.
    Case Rep Urol 2017 17;2017:9820245. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Urology Unit, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.
    A 46-year-old Caucasian male has been transferred to our urology department with a history of septic fever, uncompensated diabetes, pain, and scrotal swelling. On clinical examination, the left inguinal and scrotal area was swollen, tender, and painful; scrotal MR had been performed, showing the catheter tip in scrotal cavity and presence of gas. The case was diagnosed as scrotal abscess with urethroscrotal fistula. Read More

    Fatal liver gas gangrene after biliary surgery.
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2017 28;39:5-8. Epub 2017 Jul 28.
    Department of Surgery, Shonan Kamakura General Hospital, Okamoto 1370-1, Kamakura City, Kanagawa, 247-8533, Japan.
    Introduction: Liver gas gangrene is a rare condition with a highly mortality rate. It is mostly associated with host factors, such as malignancy and immunosuppression.

    Presentation Of Case: A 57-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with abnormalities of her serum hepato-biliary enzymes. Read More

    Spontaneous C. septicum gas gangrene: A literature review.
    Anaerobe 2017 Dec 2;48:165-171. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
    Boise VA Medical Center, Boise, ID 83702, USA. Electronic address:
    As the infectious disease paradigm undergoes a subtle shift, unusual infections associated with malignancy and immunosuppression are being increasingly reported. Spontaneous or non-traumatic Clostridium septicum infection is one such unusual infection which has gained prominence. This article aims to understand the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations and current trends in diagnosing and treating this rare but deadly infection. Read More

    Gas Gangrene of Different Origin Associated with Clostridium perfringens Type A in Three Patients Simultaneously Hospitalized in a Single Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology in Poland.
    Pol J Microbiol 2017 Jan;65(4):399-406
    Department of Infection Epidemiology, Chair of Microbiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland.
    The objective of the study was to perform a comparative analysis of phenotypic and genetic similarity, determination of resistance profiles, detection of toxin-encoding genes and molecular typing of Clostridium perfringens isolates originating from patients with gas gangrene. The study encompassed three patients with a clinical and microbiological diagnosis of gas gangrene who were hospitalized in one of the hospitals of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie province in the same period of time between 8 April 2015 and 20 April 2015. The three C. Read More

    Assessment of Cultivable Oral Bacterial Flora from Important Venomous Snakes of India and Their Antibiotic Susceptibilities.
    Curr Microbiol 2017 Nov 21;74(11):1278-1286. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    Haffkine Biopharmaceutical Corporation Limited, Pune, India.
    Snakebite is a common, frequently devastating, occupational, socio-economic hazard, and it has a great impact on the rural population of India. Snakebite is a major cause of the human morbidity and mortality since ancient times, as it not only affects the victim by systemic envenomation but also by wound infections originating from deadly pathogenic microorganisms from the oral cavity of the offending snake. The pathogens from the oral cavity of the snake tend to initiate an infection, resulting in gas gangrene, soft tissue necrosis, and permanent physical disabilities. Read More

    Identifying and acting on potentially inappropriate care? Inadequacy of current hospital coding for this task.
    Diving Hyperb Med 2017 Jun;47(2):88-96
    Department of Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine, Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.
    Introduction: Recent Australian attempts to facilitate disinvestment in healthcare, by identifying instances of 'inappropriate' care from large Government datasets, are subject to significant methodological flaws. Amongst other criticisms has been the fact that the Government datasets utilized for this purpose correlate poorly with datasets collected by relevant professional bodies. Government data derive from official hospital coding, collected retrospectively by clerical personnel, whilst professional body data derive from unit-specific databases, collected contemporaneously with care by clinical personnel. Read More

    A rapid qualitative assay for detection of Clostridium perfringens in canned food products.
    Acta Biochim Pol 2017 9;64(2):207-213. Epub 2017 Jun 9.
    Department of Biotechnology, P D Patel Institute of Applied Sciences, Charotar University of Science and Technology (CHARUSAT), Changa-388421, India.
    Clostridium perfringens (MTCC 1349) is a Gram-positive, anaerobic, endospore forming, and rod-shaped bacterium. This bacterium produces a variety of toxins under strict anaerobic environment. C. Read More

    Complete genome sequence of CBA7123 isolated from a faecal sample from Korea.
    Gut Pathog 2017 2;9:32. Epub 2017 Jun 2.
    Microbiology and Functionality Research Group, World Institute of Kimchi, Gwangju, 61755 Republic of Korea.
    Background: is an opportunistic human pathogen that causes necrotic enteritis, mild diarrhea, clostridial myonecrosis or gas gangrene, sepsis, etc. In this study, we aim to determine the pathogenesis of this bacterium at the genomic level. The genome of strain CBA7123 was sequenced, and a comparative genomic analysis between strain CBA7123 and four other related strains was performed. Read More

    Benign Subcutaneous Emphysema of the Upper Limb: A Case Report.
    Malays Orthop J 2016 Nov;10(3):39-41
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha (RIPAS) Hospital, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam.
    Subcutaneous emphysema is the presence of gas or air in the subcutaneous tissue plane. The term is generally used to describe any soft tissue emphysema of the body wall or limbs, it can result from benign causes, most commonly secondary to trauma or from a life-threatening infection by gas gangrene or necrotising fasciitis. A case of subcutaneous emphysema involving the upper limb resulting from a trivial laceration to the elbow is reported and the importance of distinguishing between the two causes of subcutaneous emphysema is highlighted. Read More

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