13,022 results match your criteria Gallbladder Tumors


MicroRNA-197 promotes proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of gallbladder cancer cells by targeting insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Background: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is one of the common malignant tumors of the biliary tract. There is no report that miR-197 is involved in GBC.

Objectives: The relationship between miR-197 expression and survival time of GBC patients was analyzed. Read More

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Diagnosis and staging of hepatobiliary malignancies: Potential incremental value of (18)F-FDG-PET/MRI compared to MRI of the liver.

Nuklearmedizin 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Radiology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center and Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, United States.

Objective:  The purpose of the study was to investigate the potential added value of F-FDG-PET/MRI (functional information derived from PET) over standard diagnostic liver MRI (excellent soft tissue characterization) in diagnosing and staging suspected primary hepatobiliary malignancies including extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ECC), intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma (ICC) and gallbladder cancer (GBCA).

Methods:  Twenty consecutive patients with suspected hepatobiliary malignancy were included in this retrospective study. All patients underwent combined whole-body (WB) F-FDG-PET/MRI including contrast-enhanced MRI of the liver, contrast-enhanced WB-MRI and WB F-FDG-PET. Read More

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Polyclonal PAX8 expression in carcinomas of the biliary tract - Frequent non-specific staining represents a potential diagnostic pitfall.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2021 May 26;53:151762. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Pathology, UMass Memorial Medical Center, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA. Electronic address:

Paired box protein 8 (PAX8) is a transcription factor that is considered a relatively specific marker of carcinomas of the thyroid, kidney, and Müllerian/Wolffian duct derivatives. Unexpected PAX8 immunoreactivity has occasionally been reported in other tumors. The frequency of PAX8 expression in carcinomas of the biliary tract is not well studied. Read More

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Robotic Distal Pancreatectomy and Splenectomy for an Intrapancreatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

J Pancreat Cancer 2020 27;6(1):96-101. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Department of Surgery, NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, Illinois, USA.

Liver parenchyma that resides outside of the normal hepatic confines is defined as accessory liver if in communication with the native biliary tree, or ectopic liver (EL) if it is not. EL can develop in a variety of tissues, including but not limited to the gallbladder, the hepatic ligaments, the pancreas, and retroperitoneum. EL has an increased propensity for malignant degeneration resulting in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Read More

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October 2020

Receptor-interacting protein in malignant digestive neoplasms.

J Cancer 2021 19;12(14):4362-4371. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of General Surgery, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Jiefang Road 238, Wuhan, Hubei 430060, China.

A deep and comprehensive understanding of factors that contribute to cancer initiation, progression, and evolution is of essential importance. Among them, the serine/threonine and tyrosine kinase-like kinases, also known as receptor interacting proteins (RIPs) or receptor interacting protein kinases (RIPKs), is emerging as important tumor-related proteins due to its complex regulation of cell survival, apoptosis, and necrosis. In this review, we mainly review the relevance of RIP to various malignant digestive neoplasms, including esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, gallbladder cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, and pancreatic cancer. Read More

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LncRNA TTN-AS1 acts as a tumor promoter in gallbladder carcinoma by regulating miR-107/HMGA1 axis.

World J Surg Oncol 2021 Jun 5;19(1):163. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Pathology, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, No. 5 Donghai Middle Road, Shandong Province, Qingdao, 266071, China.

Background: The incidence of gallbladder carcinoma (GBM) in China has increased in recent years. Here, the functional mechanism of lncRNA TTN-AS1 in GBC was preliminary elucidated.

Methods: The expression levels of lncRNA TTN-AS1, miR-107, and HMGA1 in tissues and cell lines were assessed by RT-qPCR. Read More

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Clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of signet ring cell carcinoma of the gallbladder.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 6;21(1):248. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatovascular Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361003, China.

Background: Signet ring cell carcinoma (SRC) is a rare histological subtype of gallbladder adenocarcinoma. The current study evaluates the clinicopathologic features and prognosis of SRC.

Methods: Patients with adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database from 1973 to 2016. Read More

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Infrequent Offenders: Neuroendocrine Tumors and Cancers of the Appendix, Gallbladder, and Bile Duct.

Authors:
Kristen O'Hagan

J Adv Pract Oncol 2021 Apr 1;12(3):315-318. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.

During JADPRO Live Virtual 2020, Kristen O'Hagan, ANP-BC, MS, AOCNP®, provided an overview of rare gastrointestinal tumors, their presentation, and current treatment algorithms. Ms. O'Hagan also discussed the advanced practitioner's role in managing these diseases. Read More

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[Multidisciplinary management of the primary liver cancers].

Rev Med Liege 2021 May;76(5-6):519-524

Service d'Oncologie médicale, CHU Liège,Belgique.

In Belgium and around the world, the incidence of primary malignant liver tumours is increasing, both for hepatocarcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. Their curative treatment is based on multidisciplinary and specialized care, of which surgery (including liver transplantation) remains the cornerstone, often associated with other logoregional treatments, as radioembolisation, radiofrequency ablation, and chemoembolisation. For advanced cases, the prognosis remains poor, in particular due to a certain chemoresistance of these tumours. Read More

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Unraveling Neuroendocrine Gallbladder Cancer: Comprehensive Clinicopathologic and Molecular Characterization.

JCO Precis Oncol 2021 8;5. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Pathology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Purpose: Neuroendocrine carcinomas and mixed neuroendocrine non-neuroendocrine neoplasms of the gallbladder (NE GBC) are rare and highly aggressive entities. The cell of origin of NE GBC has been a matter of controversy. Here, we performed a comparative histopathologic and molecular analysis of NE GBC cases and, if present, associated precancerous lesions. Read More

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Psychological Burden and Psycho-Oncological Interventions for Patients With Hepatobiliary Cancers-A Systematic Review.

Front Psychol 2021 5;12:662777. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Background: Worldwide, hepatobiliary cancers are frequent diseases and often accompanied by a poor prognosis. These cancers, with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CHC) being the most frequent, are often associated with a considerable amount of psychological burden such as anxiety, depressiveness, and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQOL) which may lead to psychiatric comorbidities. This systematic review gives an overview on psychological burden and on the effectiveness of psycho-oncological interventions for patients with HCC and CHC. Read More

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High expression of PSMC2 promotes gallbladder cancer through regulation of GNG4 and predicts poor prognosis.

Oncogenesis 2021 May 20;10(5):43. Epub 2021 May 20.

Cancer Center, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is a common malignant tumor of the biliary tract, which accounts for 80-95% of biliary tumors worldwide, and is the leading cause of biliary malignant tumor-related death. This study identified PSMC2 as a potential regulator in the development of GBC. We showed that PSMC2 expression in GBC tissues is significantly higher than that in normal tissues, while high PSMC2 expression was correlated with more advanced tumor grade and poorer prognosis. Read More

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[Professor 's experience in differentiation and treatment of arthralgia in breast cancer with acupuncture, moxibustion and ].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2021 May;41(5):541-4

First Clinical Medical School of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210029, Jiangsu Province, China.

Professor 's experience in treatment of arthralgia in breast cancer is summarized. Professor believes that the dysfunction of liver, spleen and kidney is the primary and the invasion of the exogenous wind, cold and damp is the secondary in arthralgia in breast cancer. Emphasized on syndrome/pattern differentiation, this disorder is identified as 4 patterns, i. Read More

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Percutaneous Cryoablation of Liver Tumors: Initial Experience from a Tertiary Care Center in India.

J Clin Exp Hepatol 2021 May-Jun;11(3):305-311. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India.

Background: Percutaneous ablation is an important part of management strategy for liver tumors. While radiofrequency ablation and microwave ablation are the most widely used ablative techniques, cryoablation (CA) has several technical advantages but has been underused till recently. In this study, we report the initial experience with percutaneous CA of liver tumors. Read More

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October 2020

Prognostic implications of the coexisting precursor lesion types in invasive gallbladder cancer.

Hum Pathol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Anatomic Pathology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan. Electronic address:

Invasive gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is preceded by two main types of precursor lesions: intracholecystic papillary-tubular neoplasms (ICPNs) and biliary intraepithelial neoplasias (BilINs). Invasive GBCs with an ICPN component have more favorable prognoses than those without an ICPN component. Some BilINs show a relatively exophytic papillary pattern but do not meet the ICPN criteria; at our institution, we call these papillary neoplasias. Read More

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Clear-Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Gallbladder with Alpha-Fetoprotein Production: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Gastrointest Tumors 2021 Apr 27;8(2):52-57. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department of Urology, Indraprashtha Apollo Hospital, Delhi, India.

Gallbladder tumors are the fifth most common cancers of the gastrointestinal tract with poor prognosis and low survival. The most common type is adenocarcinoma of which the clear cell type is an unusual histologic variant with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing gallbladder carcinoma, reported extremely rarely, which makes the index case an uncommon entity. AFP secretion by gallbladder carcinomas may occur given the similar embryological origin of liver and gallbladder. Read More

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Long-term Survival with a Rare Advanced Primary Gastrointestinal Malignant Melanoma Treated with Laparoscopic Surgery/Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor.

Acta Med Okayama 2021 Apr;75(2):231-238

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Targeted therapies for malignant melanoma have improved patients' prognoses. A primary gastrointestinal malignant melanoma is very rare, with no standard treatment strategy. We treated a 78-year-old Japanese female with advanced primary gastrointestinal melanoma of the descending colon and gallbladder. Read More

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Rare Mixed Adenoneuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Gallbladder: Case Report and Review of Literature.

Am J Case Rep 2021 May 4;22:e929511. Epub 2021 May 4.

General Surgery Division, Hospital das Clínicas at Federal University of Pernambuco (HC/UFPE), Recife, PE, Brazil.

BACKGROUND Mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma of the gallbladder (gMANEC) is an extremely rare cancer. Most of the cases are reported in Asia, North America, and Europe, with no cases reported in Latin America; this is the first report for this region, and the 24th case reported worldwide. CASE REPORT A 68-year-old woman was referred to our department due to asthenia and moderate abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant for 6 months, with imaging examinations showing a solid heterogeneous expansive lesion in gallbladder topography and segment IV of the liver. Read More

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Chronic lymphoid leukemia metastasis to the gallbladder as a focal mass: A case report.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Jun 15;16(6):1477-1484. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Radiology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, 750 E Adams St, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the second most common hematologic malignancy, and it is characterized by lymphocytic leukocytosis and secondary hematologic deficiencies. While it most commonly presents as a systemic disease, extramedullary involvement may rarely occur. The literature surrounding CLL metastatic disease to the gallbladder is particularly sparse. Read More

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Programmed Death Ligand-1 (PD-L1) Is an Independent Negative Prognosticator in Western-World Gallbladder Cancer.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 2;13(7). Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Institute of Pathology, Heidelberg University Hospital, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

Inhibition of the programmed cell death protein-1/ligand-1 (PD-1/PD-L1) axis has opened a new era in the treatment of solid cancers. However, there is no data on the expression and relevance of PD-L1 in Western gallbladder cancer (GBC). We assessed PD-L1 immunohistochemically in 131 GBC patients as Tumor Proportion Score (TPS), Immune Cell Score (IC) and Combined Positivity Score (CPS). Read More

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[Squamous cell carcinoma of the gallbladder complicating a cystic dilation of the cystic duct and common bile duct: a case report].

Pan Afr Med J 2021 9;38:144. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Service de Chirurgie Viscérale et Oncologie Digestive A, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Mohammed VI, Oujda, Maroc.

Congenital cystic disease of the biliary tree is a known risk factor for gallbladder cancer. We here report a case of squamous cell carcinoma of the bile duct (BD) complicating a cystic dilatation of the bile ducts in a 54-year-old woman hospitalized for biliary pancreatitis. Abdominal scanner showed nodular thickening of the fundus of the gallbladder and fusiform dilation of the cystic duct and the main bile duct (VBP) with lesion of the tail of the pancreas, initially suggesting mucinous cystadenoma. Read More

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[Clinical features and prognosis of patients with leptomeningeal metastases].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Apr;101(16):1154-1159

Department of Neurology, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou 450003, China.

To describe the clinical manifestations, neuroimaging, cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) cytology and prognosis of Leptomeningeal metastases(LM). The clinical manifestations, imaging features and CSF cytology of LM patients admitted to Henan Provincial People's Hospital from May 1, 2015 to May 31, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The overall survival (OS) was evaluated by the time from the diagnosis of LM to death. Read More

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Uncommon indications for associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy: a systematic review.

Hepatobiliary Surg Nutr 2021 Apr;10(2):210-225

Hepatobiliary Surgery and Organ Transplantation Unit, Department of General Surgery and Organ Transplantation, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) represents an innovative surgical technique used for the treatment of large hepatic lesions at high risk for post-resection liver failure due to a small future liver remnant. The most significant amount of literature concerns the use of ALPPS for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), cholangiocarcinoma (CCC), and colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). On the opposite, few is known about the role of ALPPS for the treatment of uncommon liver pathologies. Read More

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Prolonged Response to HER2-Directed Therapy in Three Patients with HER2-Amplified Metastatic Carcinoma of the Biliary System: Case Study and Review of the Literature.

Oncologist 2021 Apr 25. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Columbia University Irving Medical Center and New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York, USA.

HER2 amplification, which results in overexpression of the receptor tyrosine kinase HER2, has been described in a wide variety of malignancies. HER2-targeting agents have been incorporated into the treatment paradigms for HER2-overexpressing breast and gastric cancer. More recently, these agents have shown promise in other gastrointestinal malignancies, such as colon cancer and biliary tract tumors. Read More

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Association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and the risk of biliary tract cancers: A South Korean nationwide cohort study.

Eur J Cancer 2021 Jun 20;150:73-82. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Samsung Advanced Institute for Health Sciences and Technology (SAIHST), Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Aims: The association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and cholangiocarcinoma has been previously reported only in case-control studies. Therefore, we conducted this nationwide cohort study to evaluate the longitudinal association between NAFLD and the risk of biliary tract cancer (BTC), including cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer.

Methods: We included 8,120,674 adults who underwent national health screening in 2009 based on the Korean National Health Insurance Service data. Read More

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Molecular Characterization of Biliary Tract Cancer Predicts Chemotherapy and PD-1/PD-L1 Blockade Responses.

Hepatology 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background & Aims: Biliary tract cancer (BTC) exhibits diverse molecular characteristics. However, reliable biomarkers that predict therapeutic responses are yet to be discovered. We aimed to identify the molecular features of treatment responses to chemotherapy and immunotherapy in BTCs. Read More

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Endoscopic drainage for management of infected necrosis following EUS-TA in a patient with pancreatic cancer: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(16):e25466

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, South Korea.

Rationale: Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided tissue acquisition (EUS-TA) has become the norm for the diagnosis of pancreatic solid lesions. EUS-TA is relatively safe, but various complications can occur. Infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) is a rare but serious complication. Read More

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Expression and functional characterization of INPP4B in gallbladder cancer patients and gallbladder cancer cells.

BMC Cancer 2021 Apr 20;21(1):433. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of General Surgery, the Armed Police Corps Hospital of Anhui, Hefei, 230041, People's Republic of China.

Background: Inositol polyphosphate 4-phosphatase type II (INPP4B) is a negative regulator of the PI3K-Akt signalling pathway and plays a contradictory role in different types of cancers. However, the its biological role played by INPP4B in human gallbladder cancer (GBC) has not been elucidated. In this study, we investigated the expression, clinical significance and biological function of INPP4B in GBC patients and cell lines. Read More

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SIRT3 inhibits gallbladder cancer by induction of AKT-dependent ferroptosis and blockade of epithelial-mesenchymal transition.

Cancer Lett 2021 Jul 16;510:93-104. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200127, China; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Biliary Tract Disease Research, Shanghai, 200092, China; State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes, Shanghai, 200127, China; Shanghai Research Center of Biliary Tract Disease, Shanghai, 200092, China. Electronic address:

Dysfunction of Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3), an NAD-dependent histone deacetylase, impairs varied mitochondrial metabolic pathways in human cancer. Here, we explored suppressive activity of SIRT3 in the progression of gallbladder cancer (GBC). Expression levels of SIRT3 in patients with GBC were lower than those in the adjacent normal tissue. Read More

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