12,804 results match your criteria Gallbladder Cancer


Big data and analysis of risk factors for gallbladder disease in the young generation of Korea.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(2):e0211480. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Pancreatobiliary Cancer Clinic, Department of Surgery, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.

Background/purpose: Few studies have examined the risk factors for gallbladder (GB) disease in young adults. This study aimed to evaluate risk factors for GB disease in young adults based on big data in Korea.

Methods: All participants underwent routine checkup at the Korea Medical Institute from June 2014 to May 2015. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211480PLOS
February 2019

Cholesterol cholelithiasis: part of a systemic metabolic disease, prone to primary prevention.

Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Feb 27;13(2):157-171. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

c Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, Clinica Medica "A. Murri" , University of Bari Medical School , Bari , Italy.

Introduction: Cholesterol gallstone disease have relationships with various conditions linked with insulin resistance, but also with heart disease, atherosclerosis, and cancer. These associations derive from mechanisms active at a local (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17474124.2019.1549988DOI Listing
February 2019

Host factors influence Barrett's carcinogenesis: findings from a mouse gastroduodenal reflux model.

Esophagus 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Division of Molecular and Diagnostic Pathology, Department of Pathology, Shiga University of Medical Science, Seta-tsukinowa-cho, Otsu, Shiga, 520-2192, Japan.

Background: Rat gastroduodenal reflux models have been used for analyzing Barrett's carcinogenesis. Mice seem to be more useful than rats for studies targeting genes.

Methods: We induced gastroduodenal contents reflux by esophagojejunostomy using C57BL/6J mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10388-019-00660-5DOI Listing
February 2019

[Differential diagnosis of gallbladder abnormalities : Ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging].

Radiologe 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Radiologie, KFJ Spital, Wien, Österreich.

Clinical Issue: Due to the high prevalence of clinically suspected cholecystitis or cholecystolithiasis the gallbladder is one of the organs examined the most by imaging.

Standard Radiological Methods: In most clinical settings ultrasound is the primary imaging method because of its wide availability, speed and superior spatial resolution. In cases of ambiguous findings or potential complications computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00117-019-0504-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Multimodality management of incidentally detected gall bladder cancer: long term results from a tertiary care cancer centre.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2019 Feb;10(1):128-133

Department of Surgical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India.

Background: Gall bladder cancer (GBC) is the most common biliary tract malignancy in India. GBC present either with incidental diagnosis after simple cholecystectomy (SC) or with a primary gall bladder mass. Incidentally detected gall bladder cancer (ICGB) has traditionally been thought to be a relatively early stage disease but there are controversies associated with various aspects of its management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jgo.2018.09.10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351296PMC
February 2019

Cancer risk in primary sclerosing cholangitis: Epidemiology, prevention, and surveillance strategies.

World J Gastroenterol 2019 Feb;25(6):659-671

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Olive View-UCLA Medical Center, Sylmar, CA 91342, United States.

Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a rare cholestatic liver disease characterized by progressive fibroinflammatory destruction of the intra- and/or extrahepatic biliary ducts. While its features and disease course can be variable, most patients with PSC have concurrent inflammatory bowel disease and will eventually develop liver cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease, with liver transplantation representing the only potentially curative option. Importantly, PSC is associated with a significantly increased risk of malignancy compared to the general population, mainly cholangiocarcinoma, gallbladder carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and colorectal cancer, with nearly 50% of deaths in patients with PSC being due to cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v25.i6.659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378537PMC
February 2019

Adult height in relation to risk of cancer in a cohort of 22,809,722 Korean adults.

Br J Cancer 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, South Korea.

Background: The present study examined whether adult height was associated with all site-combined or site-specific cancers.

Methods: We used a nationwide claim data of 22,809,722 Korean participants including both men and women (2009-2012). The deciles of height from different age and sex groups were merged into a new quintile. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41416-018-0371-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Overexpression of UBR5 promotes tumor growth in gallbladder cancer via PTEN/PI3K/Akt signal pathway.

J Cell Biochem 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Acute Abdomen Disease Associated Organ Injury and ITCWM Repair, Institute of Acute Abdominal Diseases, Tianjin Nankai Hospital, Tianjin, China.

As a key regulator of the ubiquitin-proteasome system, ubiquitin protein ligase E3 component N-recognin 5 (UBR5) plays an important role in various cancers. In this study, our results showed for the first time that UBR5 was overexpressed in gallbladder cancer (GBC) tumor tissues. UBR5 overexpression was significantly associated with tumor size, histological and tumor differentiation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcb.28431DOI Listing
February 2019

Incidence and Mortality Rates of Second Pancreatic Cancer Among Survivors of Digestive Cancers: A Nationwide Population-Based Study.

Pancreas 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Internal Medicine, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Cheongju, Korea.

Objectives: We analyzed the incidence and mortality rates of second pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) among survivors of digestive cancers in South Korea.

Methods: We evaluated data from the Korea National Health Insurance to identify individuals with digestive cancers in 2005 to 2015. The standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of second PDACs and survival rates were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPA.0000000000001254DOI Listing
February 2019
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[A Case of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome after Laparotomy for Peritonitis Caused by Colon Perforation Due to Gallbladder Carcinoma].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2019 Jan;46(1):157-159

Dept. of Surgery, Kansai Medical University.

A70 -year-old man with a diagnosis of panperitonitis caused by colon perforation due to invasion of gallbladder cancer was transferred to our hospital. The next day, an emergency operation was performed. During laparotomy, the ascending colon was perforated; therefore, ileocecal resection was performed. Read More

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January 2019
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Major hepatectomy with or without pancreatoduodenectomy for advanced gallbladder cancer.

Br J Surg 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Background: The indications for major hepatectomy for gallbladder cancer either with or without pancreatoduodenectomy remain controversial. The clinical value of these extended procedures was evaluated in this study.

Methods: Patients who underwent major hepatectomy for gallbladder cancer between 1996 and 2016 were identified from a prospectively compiled database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bjs.11088DOI Listing
February 2019

A case of successfully resected metachronous gastric and gallbladder metastases from pancreatic body cancer.

Surg Case Rep 2019 Feb 13;5(1):21. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of General Surgery, Chiba University, Graduate School of Medicine, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba-shi, Chiba, 260-8670, Japan.

Background: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) readily metastasizes to the lymph nodes, liver, lung, and peritoneum; however, gastric and gallbladder metastases are rare. We report a case of metachronous gastric and gallbladder metastases from PDAC.

Case Presentation: The patient is a 71-year-old man who underwent distal pancreatectomy for PDAC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40792-019-0581-1DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Patient-Derived Xenografts Can Be Reliably Generated from Patient Clinical Biopsy Specimens.

J Gastrointest Surg 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Section of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Division of Subspecialty General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St. Southwest, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA.

Background: Patient-derived xenografts (PDX) are clinically relevant human cancer models that can be used to guide individualized medicine. We aimed to generate PDX models from clinically obtained biopsy specimens (surgical or image-guided) hypothesizing that low volume biopsy specimens could provide sufficient viable tissue to successfully engraft PDX models from patients with unresectable or metastatic disease.

Materials And Methods: We maintain a prospective high volume gastrointestinal malignancy PDX program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11605-019-04109-zDOI Listing
February 2019
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Preoperative platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio as predictors of clinical outcome in patients with gallbladder cancer.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 12;9(1):1823. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, and Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Chengdu, China.

Some inflammatory biomarkers are associated with the post-surgical prognosis in cancer patients. However, their clinical importance in gallbladder cancer has rarely been explored. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of surgical intervention and the effectiveness of preoperative test on neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) for predicting the prognosis in gallbladder cancer patients. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-38396-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-38396-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372648PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Effects of Aspirin and Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs on the Risk of Cholangiocarcinoma: A Meta-Analysis.

QJM 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Mississippi, USA.

Background: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can suppress the proliferation of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) cells in vitro through inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2. However, the effects of aspirin and NSAIDs on the risk of CCA remain unclear. We performed this meta-analysis to assess the risk of biliary tract cancers in patients who take aspirin and/or NSAIDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcz039DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Gallbladder Polyps: Real or Imagined?

Am Surg 2018 Oct;84(10):1670-1674

Department of Surgery, Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA.

The finding of gallbladder polyps on imaging studies prompts further workup. Imaging results are often discordant with final pathology. The goal of this study is to compare polypoid lesions of the gallbladder found on preoperative ultrasound (US) with final pathologic diagnosis after cholecystectomy to help guide clinical decision-making. Read More

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October 2018

Significance of methylation status of MASPIN gene and its protein expression in prognosis of gallbladder cancer.

Asia Pac J Clin Oncol 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India.

Aim: We investigated prognostic significance of methylation status of MASPIN gene and its protein expression in normal subjects, cholelithiasis and gallbladder cancer (GBC) patients.

Methods: MASPIN protein expression and its promoter methylation in gallbladder tissue of cholelithiasis (n = 36), GBC (n = 46) and controls (n = 25) were investigated. Clinicopathological parameters and prognosis of patients with GBC were correlated with protein expression of MASPIN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajco.13129DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
1.058 Impact Factor

Association of the Insulinemic Potential of Diet and Lifestyle With Risk of Digestive System Cancers in Men and Women.

JNCI Cancer Spectr 2018 Nov 30;2(4):pky080. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Background: We examined the role of the insulinemic potential of diet and lifestyle in the development of cancers of the digestive system, using two plasma C-peptide-based indices: the empirical dietary index for hyperinsulinemia (EDIH) and empirical lifestyle index for hyperinsulinemia (ELIH).

Methods: We used Cox regression to analyze data on 45 816 men (Health Professionals Follow-up Study, 1986-2012) and 74 191 women (Nurses' Health Study, 1984-2012) to examine associations between EDIH and ELIH scores and digestive system cancers. We computed the diet-only score (EDIH) from food-frequency questionnaires administered every 4 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jncics/pky080DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352613PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Is laparoscopy contraindicated for advanced gallbladder cancer?

Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Biliary Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, PR China. Electronic address:

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22107401183021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinre.2018.10.003DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Multiple primary cancers associated with endometrial and ovarian cancers: An analysis based upon the Japan Autopsy Annual Database from 2002 to 2010.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Disaster Obstetrics and Gynecology, International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS), Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.

Aim: A thorough analysis of multiple primary cancers (MPC) could provide important information as to the pathogenesis of human malignancies. Analysis of MPC using clinical databases has been performed, but little has been done using autopsy cases. Therefore, in this study, we first retrospectively analyzed MPC associated with endometrial and ovarian cancers using the Japan Autopsy Annual Database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jog.13934DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Emerging cancer trends among young adults in the USA: analysis of a population-based cancer registry.

Lancet Public Health 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Surveillance and Health Services Research Program, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Cancer trends in young adults, often under 50 years, reflect recent changes in carcinogenic exposures, which could foreshadow the future overall disease burden. Previous studies reported an increase in early onset colorectal cancer, which could partly reflect the obesity epidemic. We examined age-specific contemporary incidence trends in the USA for 30 common cancers, including 12 obesity-related cancers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(18)30267-6DOI Listing
February 2019
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Assessment of clinical outcome of cholecystectomy according to age in preparation for the "Silver Tsunami".

Am J Surg 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shinmachi, Hirakata, Osaka, 573-1010, Japan.

Background: Recent rapid increases in the aging population have created an impending "Silver Tsunami" in advanced countries. The overall prevalence of gallstone disease and its related complications will soon increase, and there will be a larger demand for gallbladder surgery.

Methods: We examined the outcomes of cholecystectomy according to age among patients with cholelithiasis to determine how a patient's age influences the outcome of cholecystectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2019.01.021DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Elucidation of the chemopreventive role of stigmasterol against Jab1 in Gall bladder carcinoma.

Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS), Lucknow. India.

Background: Plant sterols have proven a potent anti-proliferative and apoptosis inducing agent against several carcinomas including breast and prostate cancers. Jab1 has been reported to be involved in the progression of numerous carcinomas. However, antiproliferative effects of sterols against Jab1 in gall bladder cancer have not been explored yet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871530319666190206124120DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis: A Concise Review of Diagnosis and Management.

Dig Dis Sci 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Section of Gastroenterology, Evans Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Suite 7717, 85 E Concord St, Boston, MA, 02118, USA.

Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a rare, chronic cholestatic liver disease characterized by progressive idiopathic stricturing of the biliary system, typically leading to cirrhosis, end-stage liver disease, and colonic or hepatobiliary malignancy. Its presentation is often that of asymptomatic alkaline phosphatase elevation. When symptoms are present, they typically include fatigue, pruritus, or jaundice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10620-019-05484-yDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

"-Omas" presenting as "-itis": acute inflammatory presentations of common gastrointestinal neoplasms.

Emerg Radiol 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, 11100 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.

Oncologic emergencies have a high rate of morbidity and mortality. This review covers several scenarios of gastrointestinal malignancies presenting emergently as various acute abdominal pathologies. Radiologists should be familiar with the typical imaging findings, clinical presentations, and laboratory values which may suggest a background neoplasm, particularly when encountered in the context of an acute inflammatory state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10140-019-01678-zDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Systematically Characterizing Chemical Profile and Potential Mechanisms of Qingre Lidan Decoction Acting on Cholelithiasis by Integrating UHPLC-QTOF-MS and Network Target Analysis.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2019 3;2019:2675287. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Institute of Integrative Medicine, Dalian Medical University, No. 9, South Road of Lvshun, Dalian 116044, China.

Qingre Lidan Decoction (QRLDD), a classic precompounded prescription, is widely used as an effective treatment for cholelithiasis clinically. However, its chemical profile and mechanism have not been characterized and elucidated. In the present study, a rapid, sensitive, and reliable ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry method was established for comprehensively identifying the major constituents in QRLDD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2675287DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335670PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Long non-coding RNA DILC promotes the progression of gallbladder carcinoma.

Gene 2019 Feb 1;694:102-110. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Biliary Tract Surgery, Third Affiliated Hospital of Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200438, China. Electronic address:

Increasing evidence has demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) contribute to tumorigenesis, progression and recurrence of various malignancies including Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC). Lnc-DILC is reported to be the tumor suppressor gene to play an important role in liver cancer stem cells (CSCs). However, the role of lnc-DILC in GBC remains to be elucidated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2018.12.086DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Incidental versus non-incidental gallbladder cancer: index cholecystectomy before oncologic re-resection negatively impacts survival in T2b tumors.

HPB (Oxford) 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Conflicting data exists whether non-oncologic index cholecystectomy (IC) leading to discovery of incidental gallbladder cancer (IGBC) negatively impacts survival. This study aimed to determine whether a subgroup of patients derives a disadvantage from IC.

Methods: Patients with IGBC and non-IGBC treated at an academic USA and Chilean center during 1999-2016 were compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hpb.2018.12.006DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Banxia Xiexin Decoction () Combined with Afatinib in Treatment of Advanced Gallbladder Cancer: Case Report and Literature Review.

Chin J Integr Med 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Integrative Medicine Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, 230001, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11655-019-3152-1DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Positive cystic duct margin at index cholecystectomy in incidental gallbladder cancer is an important negative prognosticator.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Prognostic factors following index-cholecystectomy in patients with incidental gallbladder cancer (IGBC) are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to assess the value of the initial cystic duct margin status as a prognosticator factor and to aid in clinical decision making to move forward with curative intent oncologic extended resection (OER).

Methods: This retrospective study included patients with IGBC who underwent subsequent OER with curative intent at 2 centers (USA and Chile) between 1999 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejso.2019.01.013DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Allergies and the subsequent risk of cancer among elderly adults in the United States.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute.

Background: Allergic conditions may prevent some cancers by promoting immune surveillance. We examined associations of allergic rhinitis, asthma, and eczema with cancer risk among elderly Americans.

Methods: We used Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked data to perform a case-control study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-18-0887DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Association Between Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Web-Based Data in China: Infodemiology Study.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Jan 29;21(1):e10677. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.

Background: Cancer poses a serious threat to the health of Chinese people, resulting in a major challenge for public health work. Today, people can obtain relevant information from not only medical workers in hospitals, but also the internet in any place in real-time. Search behaviors can reflect a population's awareness of cancer from a completely new perspective, which could be driven by the underlying cancer epidemiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10677DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads
3.428 Impact Factor

Liver resection for extra-pancreatic biliary cancer: what is the role of laparoscopic approach?

Surg Endosc 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Digestive, Oncological and Metabolic Surgery - Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, 42 Boulevard Jourdan, 75014, Paris, France.

Background: Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) has evolved over time, yet its role in extra-pancreatic biliary cancer has been limited due to several factors. We aimed to evaluate the short-term outcome of LLR in extra-pancreatic biliary tract cancer.

Methods: From January 2002 to 2016, all patients who underwent LLR for extra-pancreatic biliary tract cancer including gallbladder cancer (GBC), intra-hepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC), and peri-hilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC) with curative intent (R0 or R1) at Institute Mutualiste Montsouris were identified from prospectively collected databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-019-06664-7DOI Listing
January 2019
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Ovo-lactovegetarian diet as a possible protective factor against gallbladder polyps in Taiwan: A cross-sectional study.

Ci Ji Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan-Mar;31(1):29-34

Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, New Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: Gallbladder polyps (GBPs) are an increasingly common incidental finding and 3% to 8% of GBPs become malignant. A poor prognosis is expected in patients with gallbladder cancer. No studies have considered the relationship between diet and the development of GBPs in the Taiwanese population. Read More

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http://www.tcmjmed.com/text.asp?2019/31/1/29/229730
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/tcmj.tcmj_16_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334569PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Radiofrequency Assisted Hepatic Parenchyma Resection Using Radiofrequent Generator (RF) Generator.

Acta Inform Med 2018 Dec;26(4):265-268

Clinic for General and Abdominal Surgery. University Clinical Center Sarajevo (UCCS), Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegopvina.

Introduction: The role of Radio frequent Generator (RF) has been extended from simple tumor ablation to routine hepatic resection. RF energy precoagulates the tissue and thus allows the closure of small blood vessels and bile ducts. The development of surgical techniques and modern technological advances have enabled liver resections to be significantly surgically better controlled in the sense of bleeding, and are more successful and safer for patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/aim.2018.26.265-268DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311120PMC
December 2018

Variants in ABCG8 and TRAF3 genes confer risk for gallstone disease in admixed Latinos with Mapuche Native American ancestry.

Sci Rep 2019 Jan 28;9(1):772. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Departmento de Gastroenterología, Faculty of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Latin Americans and Chilean Amerindians have the highest prevalence of gallstone disease (GSD) and gallbladder cancer (GBC) in the world. A handful of loci have been associated with GSD in populations of predominantly European ancestry, however, they only explain a small portion of the genetic component of the disease. Here, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for GSD in 1,095 admixed Chilean Latinos with Mapuche Native American ancestry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-35852-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6349870PMC
January 2019
1 Read

[Treatment Outcomes of Gemcitabine and Cisplatin Combination Therapy for Unresectable and Recurrent Biliary Tract Cancer].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Dec;45(13):2414-2416

Dept. of Surgery, Kansai Rosai Hospital.

Gemcitabine and cisplatin combination therapy(GC therapy)is now considered a highly effective regimen for patients with unresectable and metastatic biliary tract cancer. We performed GC therapy for 18 patients between January 2014 and April 2018. The median age of the patients was 67. Read More

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December 2018
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[A Resected Case of Gallbladder Cancer Concomitant with Xanthogranulomatous Cholecystitis with Difficulty in Preoperative Diagnosis].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Dec;45(13):2411-2413

Dept. of Surgery, Toyonaka Municipal Hospital.

A 78-year-oldman was referredto our hospital for right abdominal pain. The patient was diagnosedwith xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis(XGC)at the gallbladder fundus and adenomyomatosis(ADM)at the gallbladder neck. Because malignancy was undeniable, laparotomy was performed. Read More

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December 2018
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[A Case of Gallbladder Jejunal Anastomosis and Duodenal Jejunal Anastomosis to Maintain QOL for an Elderly Patient with Pancreatic Cancer].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Dec;45(13):1818-1820

Dept. of Surgery, Numazu City Hospital.

An 87-year-oldwoman was admittedto our hospital with abdominal pain andfever. Computedtomography showeda 25 mm tumor mass in the pancreatic headandshowedd ilatation of the pancreatic duct andcommon bile duct. She was diagnosed with obstructive cholangitis due to pancreatic head cancer. Read More

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December 2018
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[A Case of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy(TANKO)for Gallbladder Cancer with Torsion].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Dec;45(13):2211-2213

Dept. of Surgery, Saiseikai Shiga Hospital.

Gallbladder torsion is comparatively rare. Gallbladder cancer is found in 1.5% of cases of acute cholecystitis. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

[A Case of Advanced Gallbladder Cancer with Paraaortic Lymph Node Metastases Successfully Treated by Chemotherapy and Conversion Surgery].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2018 Dec;45(13):2117-2119

Dept. of Surgery, Shizuoka City Shimizu Hospital.

The patient was a 76-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of ileus. A gallbladder tumor was found incidentally on CT, and it was diagnosed as gallbladder cancer. Enlargement of multiple lymph nodes, including the paraaortic lymph nodes, was observed, and PET-CT further showed FDG uptake in the lymph nodes. Read More

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December 2018
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Outcomes of surgery for gallbladder cancer: A single-center experience.

North Clin Istanb 2018 Sep;5(3):195-198

Department of Surgery, Inonu University Institute of Liver Transplantation, Malatya, Turkey.

Objective: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is a rare clinical entity that has a poor prognosis. Radical resection with meticulous lymph node dissection is the only treatment option. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the efficacy of radical resection for GBC in the early postoperative period with the viewpoint of clinicopathological correlation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14744/nci.2017.69320DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323569PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Immune-related adverse events predict the therapeutic efficacy of anti-PD-1 antibodies in cancer patients.

Eur J Cancer 2019 Jan 22;109:21-27. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Medical Oncology Department, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria la Princesa, HU La Princesa, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Cancer immune therapy has shown remarkable benefit in the treatment of a range of cancer types, although it may initiate autoimmune-related disorders in some patients. We have attempted to establish whether the incidence of irAEs after the use of anti-PD-1 antibodies nivolumab or pembrolizumab in advanced malignancies is associated with anti-PD-1 treatment efficacy.

Patients And Methods: We studied patients treated with single-agent nivolumab or pembrolizumab for advanced cancer. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09598049183145
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2018.10.014DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Cohort profile: ESPRESSO (Epidemiology Strengthened by histoPathology Reports in Sweden).

Clin Epidemiol 2019 14;11:101-114. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden,

The ESPRESSO study constitutes a novel approach to examine the etiology and prognosis of gastrointestinal disease in which histopathology plays a prominent role. Between 2015 and 2017, all pathology departments (n=28) in Sweden were contacted and asked to procure histopathology record data from the gastrointestinal tract (pharynx to anus), liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. For each individual, local histopathology IT personnel retrieved data on personal identity number, date of histopathology, topography (where the biopsy is taken), morphology (biopsy appearance), and where available free text. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/cohort-profile-espresso-epidemiolo
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S191914DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336132PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Efficacy and Safety of Microwave Ablation (MWA) for Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) in Difficult Anatomical Sites in Egyptian Patients with Liver Cirrhosis

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2019 Jan 25;20(1):295-301. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Endemic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. Email:

Background and aim: Imaging guided microwave ablation (MWA) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has become a widely used method over recent years. Tumors close to the diaphragm, gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder, pancreas, hepatic hilum and major bile duct or vessels are generally considered relative contraindications for microwave ablation. This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness and safety of ultrasonography-guided MWA in treating patients with HCC in difficult anatomical sites in comparison to those in conventional sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2019.20.1.295DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Tumor Protein p53 and K-ras Gene Mutations in Peruvian Patients with Gallbladder Cancer

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2019 Jan 25;20(1):289-294. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas, Lima, Peru. Email:

Background: Recent studies have shown that genetic alterations are associated with the effect of patient geographic location on gallbladder cancer development. Peru has a high incidence of gallbladder cancer, but causative factors have not yet been identified. We examined the frequency of mutations in TP53 and K-ras genes in Peruvian patients with gallbladder cancer, and compared this with data from Bolivia, Hungary, Chile, and Japan, which have a high gallbladder cancer incidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2019.20.1.289DOI Listing
January 2019
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An atlas for clinical target volume definition, including elective nodal irradiation in definitive radiotherapy of biliary cancer.

Oncol Lett 2019 Feb 28;17(2):1784-1790. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Radiation Oncology Unit, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, I-40138 Bologna, Italy.

Radiotherapy (RT) is a treatment option for advanced biliary tract cancer (BTC), often combined with sequential and/or concurrent chemotherapy. The use of modern RT techniques requires accurate clinical target volume (CTV) definition and delineation. However, guidelines for CTV delineation in BTC are lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.9774DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341831PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Effects of claudin-1 downregulation on the physiological processes of gallbladder cancer SGC996 cells.

Oncol Lett 2019 Feb 21;17(2):1688-1694. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui 233004, P.R. China.

Gallbladder cancer has a high recurrence and mortality rate, with limited treatment options. Therefore, elucidating the underlying molecular mechanisms of this disease would be beneficial to achieve an earlier diagnosis and potentially identify novel treatment targets. Claudin-1 is a tight junction protein associated with the development and prognosis of several types of cancer, and our preliminary studies have demonstrated that claudin-1 expression is elevated in gallbladder cancer tissues. Read More

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http://www.spandidos-publications.com/10.3892/ol.2018.9740
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.9740DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341788PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

The Risk of Malignancy in Korean Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Authors:
Hwajeong Lee

Yonsei Med J 2019 Feb;60(2):223-229

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Arthritis & Autoimmunity Research Center, Daegu Catholic University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

Purpose: To investigate the overall cancer risk and risk for specific cancers in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in Korea by comparing cancer incidence between RA patients and the general population.

Materials And Methods: Individuals diagnosed with RA between 1996 and 2009 who underwent treatment at the Daegu Catholic University Medical Center were retrospectively examined. 1885 patients with RA were included in the analyses. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3349/ymj.2019.60
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2019.60.2.223DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6342720PMC
February 2019
4 Reads