46,949 results match your criteria Gallbladder

A case of a congenital umbilicobiliary fistula associated with gallbladder agenesis in a dog.

Rev Bras Med Vet 2022 6;44:e002821. Epub 2022 May 6.

Veterinarian, PhD., Centro de investigação interdisciplinar em sanidade animal, Laboratório Associado para Ciência Animal e Veterinária (AL4AnimalS), Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária (CIISA), Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.

Congenital biliary tree malformations are rarely described in the veterinary field. A congenital umbilicobiliary fistula associated with gallbladder agenesis was reported here for the first time in a 1-year-old male French bulldog. After contrast study, abdominal ultrasound, and histopathology, we concluded that the umbilicobiliary fistula was an aberrant duct that originated directly from the expected location of the cystic duct and gallbladder. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia in a healthy adult feline (): diagnosis to surgical treatment - Case report.

Rev Bras Med Vet 2021 23;43:e001820. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Veterinarian, DSc. DMCV, IV, UFRRJ, Campus Seropédica, RJ, Brasil.

Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH) is a communication between the abdomen and the pericardial sac generated by congenital anomalies triggered during diaphragmatic and pericardial development. This report aimed to present the case of an adult, mixed-breed cat, affected by PPDH, focusing on the period from diagnosis to successful surgical correction. The patient had a capricious appetite and weight loss for about four months and started, at the end of this period, a state of apathy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The state of therapy modalities in clinic for biliary tract cancer.

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) 2022 Jun;27(6):185

Hepatic Surgery Centre, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430030 Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Biliary tract cancers (BTCs) include intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA), perihilar and distal cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA and dCCA), and gallbladder carcinoma based on the epithelial site of origin. BTCs are highly aggressive tumors associated with poor prognosis due to widespread metastasis and high recurrence. Surgery is the typical curative-intent treatment, yet the cornerstone of cure depends on the anatomical site of the primary tumor, and only a minority of patients (approximately 30%) has an indication necessitating surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Liver and gall bladder channel parallels in the Hippocratic Corpus and Huang Di Nei Jing with theoretical considerations.

J Tradit Complement Med 2022 Jul 22;12(4):384-390. Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (BUCM), Cultural Studies Department, China.

Chinese history contains an abundance of records discussing contact with the outside world. In the ever elusive search for the origin of the meridian theory, an extended investigation into the Hippocratic Corpus reveals parallels with the () medical text of the Chinese tradition that provide an alternative perspective into the origins of meridian channels theory. Though this topic has been discussed in the past, this paper provides new and developed insight into theories associated with the liver and gallbladder channel systems of each tradition. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pyogenic Liver Abscess Complicating Acute Cholecystitis: Different Management Options.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Jun 9;58(6). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Surgery, AHEPA General University Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Acute cholecystitis, which is usually associated with gallstones is one of the most common surgical causes of emergency hospital admission and may be further complicated by mural necrosis, perforation and abscess formation. Perforation of the gallbladder is a relatively uncommon complication of acute cholecystitis (0.8-3. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Intracholecystic versus Intravenous Indocyanine Green (ICG) Injection for Biliary Anatomy Evaluation by Fluorescent Cholangiography during Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Case-Control Study.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 17;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Surgical Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161 Rome, Italy.

(1) Background: Fluorescence cholangiography has been proposed as a method for improving the visualization and identification of extrahepatic biliary anatomy in order to possibly reduce injuries and related complications. The most common method of indocyanine green (ICG) administration is the intravenous route, whereas evidence on direct ICG injection into the gallbladder is still quite limited. We aimed to compare the two different methods of ICG administration in terms of the visualization of extrahepatic biliary anatomy during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), analyzing differences in the time of visualization, as well as the efficacy, advantages, and disadvantages of both modalities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Complex Mechanism of the Biofilm Formation That Facilitates Pathogenicity: A Review.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 9;23(12). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, AIMST University, Bedong 08100, Kedah, Malaysia.

serovar Typhi () is an intracellular pathogen belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family, where biofilm (aggregation and colonization of cells) formation is one of their advantageous traits. typhi is the causative agent of typhoid fever in the human body and is exceptionally host specific. It is transmitted through the fecal-oral route by consuming contaminated food or water. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Genetic Analysis of Mutations and Variants Related to the Pathogenesis and Pathophysiology of Low Phospholipid-Associated Cholelithiasis.

Genes (Basel) 2022 Jun 11;13(6). Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Medicine and Genetics, Division of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Marion Bessin Liver Research Center, Einstein-Mount Sinai Diabetes Research Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.

Clinical studies have revealed that the gene encodes the phospholipid transporter on the canalicular membrane of hepatocytes, and its mutations and variants are the genetic basis of low phospholipid-associated cholelithiasis (LPAC), a rare type of gallstone disease caused by a single-gene mutation or variation. The main features of LPAC include a reduction or deficiency of phospholipids in bile, symptomatic cholelithiasis at <40 years of age, intrahepatic sludge and microlithiasis, mild chronic cholestasis, a high cholesterol/phospholipid ratio in bile, and recurrence of biliary symptoms after cholecystectomy. Needle-like cholesterol crystals, putatively "anhydrous" cholesterol crystallization at low phospholipid concentrations in model and native bile, are characterized in ABCB4 knockout mice, a unique animal model for LPAC. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Preliminary exploration of theory and practice training of 5G ultrasonic remote consultation in grassroot hospitals.

BMC Health Serv Res 2022 Jun 24;22(1):817. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Health Management Center, Department of Ultrasound Medicine, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Affiliated People's Hospital, Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, 310014, Zhejiang, China.

Background: With the rapid development of science and technology, telemedicine diagnosis and treatment systems have gradually attracted increased attention and applications.5G ultrasound is an important branch of telemedicine, connecting grassroots hospitals at one end and provincal hospitals at the other, which provides remote guidance to grassroots doctors for ultrasound examination and image diagnosis. It is convenient for villagers obtaining diagnosis and advice from provincial ultrasound experts, saving time and economic costs, as well as benefiting from high-quality ultrasound medical resources. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Expression of the Stem Cell Marker ABCB5 in Normal and Tumor Tissues.

In Vivo 2022 Jul-Aug;36(4):1651-1666

Department of Pharmaceutical Biology, Institute of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany;

Background/aim: The ATP-binding cassette subfamily B member 5 (ABCB5) transporter plays a pivotal role in melanocyte progenitor cell fusion and has been identified as a tumor-initiating cell marker. In this study, we determined ABCB5 expression in normal tissues among various species, i.e. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Spontaneous acalculous gallbladder perforation mimicking duodenal stump leak after gastrectomy for gastric cancer: A case report.

Woo Yong Lee

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 14;96:107304. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Surgery, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, 875 Haeunda-ro, Haeundae-gu, Busan 48108, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Spontaneous gallbladder (GB) perforation is a rare and severe condition. Herein, we present a case of spontaneous acalculous gallbladder perforation mimicking duodenal stump leak after a subtotal gastrectomy for gastric cancer.

Case Presentation: An 83-year-old woman underwent a radical subtotal gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Effect of MDT Collaborative Nursing Combined with Hierarchical Nursing Management Model on the Quality of Life and Comfort of Patients with Gallbladder Stones Combined with Acute Cholecystitis after Surgery.

Comput Math Methods Med 2022 13;2022:8696084. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Intensive Care Unit, Wuhan Wuchang Hospital, Wuchang Hospital Affiliated to Wuhan University of Science and Technology, China.

Objective: To explore the effect of MDT (multidisciplinary team) collaborative nursing combined with hierarchical nursing management mode on the quality of life and comfort of patients with gallbladder stones combined with acute cholecystitis after surgery.

Methods: A total of 120 patients with gallbladder stones and acute cholecystitis who were treated in our hospital from March 2019 to March 2021 were selected as prospective research objects. According to the order of care, they were divided into control group and observation group with 60 cases each. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Acute acalculous cholecystitis and cardiovascular disease, which came first? After two hundred years still the classic chicken and eggs debate: A review of literature.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 29;78:103668. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University Magna Græcia of Catanzaro, Italy.

The existence of a close association between disease of the biliary tract and disease of the heart is known from the mists of time. Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) can be defined as an acute necro inflammatory disease of the gallbladder in the absence of cholelithiasis. AAC is a challenging diagnosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Symptomatic H- type gallbladder in a male patient: A rare case report from Syria.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 1;78:103885. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Tishreen University, Lattakia, Syria.

Introduction And Importance: Double gallbladders are a rare anomaly occur in biliary system during the fetal life. In most cases they are asymptomatic, but in few patients, they can progress as a sever disease. Preoperative diagnose is essential in order to prevent surgery complexities and prevent the undesired complications. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Are laparoscopic cholecystectomy and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery gallbladder preserving cholecystolithotomy truly comparable? A propensity matched study.

World J Gastrointest Surg 2022 May;14(5):470-481

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan Province, China.

Background: Cholecystectomy is the preferred treatment option for symptomatic gallstones. However, another option is gallbladder-preserving cholecystolithotomy which preserves the normal physiological functions of the gallbladder in patients desiring to avoid surgical resection.

Aim: To compare the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of pure natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) gallbladder-preserving cholecystolithotomy laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for symptomatic gallstones. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Gallbladder polyps and adenomyomatosis.

Br J Radiol 2022 Jun 22:20220115. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Division of Cancer & Genetics, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, CF14 4XN, Wales, United Kingdom.

Incidental findings are commonly detected during examination of the gallbladder. Differentiating benign from malignant lesions is critical because of the poor prognosis associated with gallbladder malignancy. Therefore, it is important that radiologists and sonographers are aware of common incidental gallbladder findings, which undoubtedly will continue to increase with growing medical imaging use. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF


Arq Bras Cir Dig 2022 17;35:e1652. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Universidade do Estado da Bahia, Departamento de Ciências da Vida - Salvador - Bahia - Brasil.

Aim: Gallbladder diseases (GBD) are one of the most common medical conditions requiring surgical intervention, both electively and urgently. It is widely accepted that sex and ethnic characteristics mighty influence both prevalence and outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the differences on distributions of gender and ethnicity related to the epidemiology of GBD in the Brazilian public health system. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Nrf2-Dependent Protective Effect of Paeoniflorin on-[Formula: see text]Naphthalene Isothiocyanate-Induced Hepatic Injury.

Am J Chin Med 2022 Jun 22:1-18. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

School of Pharmacy, Nantong, Jiangsu 226001, P. R. China.

The pathological mechanism of cholestatic hepatic injury is associated with oxidative stress, hepatocyte inflammation, and dysregulation of hepatocyte transporters. Pall. and its compound can improve hepatic microcirculation, dilate bile duct, and promote bile flow, which is advantageous to ameliorate liver damage. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Rare Complication of Percutaneous Transhepatic Gallbladder Drainage.

Gastroenterology 2022 Jun 18. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Division of Gastroenterology, Endoscopic Center, Changhua Christian Hospital and Yuan Lin branch, Department of Radiology, China Medical University Hospital.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Gallstones in patients with severe motor and intellectual disability.

Pediatr Int 2022 Jan;64(1):e15220

Department of Surgery, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Nara, Japan.

Background: Asymptomatic gallbladder stones may be detected with ultrasound; some gallstones produce symptomatic diseases, such as cholecystitis, cholangitis, or pancreatitis. Identifying the clinical features of symptomatic gallstones may help prevent severe complications by providing intervention for asymptomatic gallstones. We aimed to investigate risk factors associated with developing symptomatic disease in pediatric patients with severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Aetiology of Obstructive Jaundice in Ghana: A Retrospective Analysis in a Tertiary Hospital.

J West Afr Coll Surg 2020 Jul-Sep;10(3):36-39. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Surgery, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Obstructive jaundice is a term that describes the clinical entity of yellowness of the skin and mucous membranes due to the inability of bile to flow freely into the duodenum. This is commonly due to mechanical or physiological blockage of either the intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts. Malignancies are responsible for the most cases of obstructive jaundice in our locality. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Mixed neuroendocrine-non-neuroendocrine neoplasm of the gallbladder: case report and literature review.

Diagn Pathol 2022 Jun 17;17(1):51. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Hospital Information Center of Heilongjiang Province Affiliated to Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150001, Heilongjiang Province, China.

Background: Mixed neuroendocrine-non-neuroendocrine neoplasms (MiNENs) of the gallbladder are rare malignancies. Here we presented two cases and reviewed the related literature.

Case Presentation: Our two patients were postoperatively diagnosed with gallbladder MiNENs, which pathologically consisted of a large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma and papillary adenocarcinoma. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Distinct prognosis of biliary tract cancer according to tumor location, stage, and treatment: a population-based study.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 17;12(1):10206. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Center for Liver and Pancreatobiliary Cancer, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 10408, Republic of Korea.

Biliary tract cancer (BTC) has been inconsistently identified according to its location in epidemiological and clinical studies. This study retrospectively reviewed the treatment pattern and prognosis of BTC according to tumor location using the Korea Central Cancer Registry data of 97,676 patients with BTC from 2006 to 2017. The proportion of localized and regional Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) stage was the highest in ampulla of Vater (AoV, 78. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ectopic liver on the surface of the gallbladder.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 06 20;15(6). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Gastrointestinal and Pediatric Surgery, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine Graduate School of Medicine, Yonago, Tottori, Japan.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Acute abdominal disease associated with gallbladder torsion recovered after cholecystectomy: a rare case report and literature review.

Ann Transl Med 2022 May;10(10):616

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Shenzhen People's Hospital (The Second Clinical Medical College, Jinan University; The First Affiliated Hospital, Southern University of Science and Technology), Shenzhen, China.

Background: Gallbladder torsion is very rare and easily misdiagnosed as biliary disease. It is defined as the rotation of the gallbladder along the axis of the cystic pedicle on the mesentery. As gallbladder rotation involves the gallbladder artery, the blood supply is blocked, resulting in gallbladder ischemia and eventual necrosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Feasibility of a Single Pigtail Stent Made by Cutting a Nasobiliary Drainage Tube in Endoscopic Transpapillary Gallbladder Stenting for Acute Cholecystitis.

Cureus 2022 May 17;14(5):e25072. Epub 2022 May 17.

Gastroenterology, Chiba University, Chiba, JPN.

Background and objective In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a single pigtail stent made by cutting a nasobiliary drainage tube (NBD stent) by comparing the clinical outcomes of using an NBD stent and those of using a ready-made double pigtail stent (RDP stent) in endoscopic gallbladder stenting (EGBS) for acute cholecystitis. Materials and methods This was a single-center retrospective study involving 20 cases that had technical success with EGBS for acute cholecystitis; the patients were divided into two groups: those using NBD stent (NBD group) and those using RDP stent (RDP group). The baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes were compared between the two groups. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Demographic and Risk Factor Profile in Patients of Gallstone Disease in Central India.

Cureus 2022 May 14;14(5):e24993. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of General Surgery, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Science, Wardha, IND.

Background Gallbladder stones are more common in some regions of the world than others. Gallstones that are asymptomatic might be discovered as an afterthought during a regular ultrasound scan for another abdominal ailment. The changing incidence in India is mostly due to westernization and the availability of ultrasonography in both urban and rural areas, as well as increased affordability owing to changes in the socio-economic structure and the budget of investigations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The "Hand as Foot" teaching method for gallbladder imaging in nuclear medicine.

Asian J Surg 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Shenzhen People's Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong, 518020, China. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Clinical Trials in Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery: Assessing Trial Characteristics, Early Discontinuation, Result Reporting, and Publication.

J Gastrointest Surg 2022 Jun 17. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Surgery, Sheikh Shakhbout Medical City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Background: Hepatopancreaticobiliary (HPB) diseases carry high morbidity despite efforts aimed at their reduction. An assessment of their trial characteristics is paramount to determine trial design adequacy and highlight areas for improvement. As such, the aim of this study is to assess HPB surgery trial characteristics, summarize logistic, financial, and practical reasons behind early discontinuation, and propose potential interventions to prevent this in the future. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF