24,162 results match your criteria Gait Analysis


Continuous Analysis of Marathon Running Using Inertial Sensors: Hitting Two Walls?

Int J Sports Med 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Institute of Sport Sciences, University of Lausanne Lausanne, Switzerland.

Marathon running involves complex mechanisms that cannot be measured with objective metrics or laboratory equipment. The emergence of wearable sensors introduced new opportunities, allowing the continuous recording of relevant parameters. The present study aimed to assess the evolution of stride-by-stride spatio-temporal parameters, stiffness, and foot strike angle during a marathon and determine possible abrupt changes in running patterns. Read More

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Relationship between I-FP-CIT-SPECT and motor severity in drug-naive patients with Parkinson's disease.

J Neurol Sci 2021 May 6;426:117476. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Neurology, Tokyo Medical University, 6-7-1 Nishishinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0023, Japan.

Introduction: Although functional imaging is useful for the diagnosis and pathophysiological evaluation of Parkinson's disease (PD), little is known about the relationship between functional imaging findings and PD clinical features. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between I-FP-CIT-SPECT findings and motor symptoms, in particular gait disturbance.

Methods: The study included 46 drug-naive patients with early-stage PD. Read More

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Differences in lower-extremity kinematics between the male military personnel with and without plantar fasciitis.

Phys Ther Sport 2021 Apr 30;50:130-137. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the factors that influence gait by comparing lower extremity kinematics during the stance phase of the gait cycle between individuals with and without plantar fasciitis.

Design: A cross-sectional study.

Setting: Motion analysis research laboratory. Read More

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Improvement of freezing of gait in patients with Parkinson's disease by music exercise therapy: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2021 May 10;22(1):335. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, Shanghai Second Rehabilitation Hospital, No. 25, Lane 860, Changjiang Road, Baoshan District, Shanghai, 200441, China.

Background: Progression of freezing of gait, a common pathological gait in Parkinson's disease, is an important risk factor for diagnosing the disease and has been shown to predispose patients to easy falls, loss of independent living ability, and reduced quality of life. Treating Parkinson's disease with freezing of gait is very difficult, while the use of medicine and operation has been ineffective. Music exercise therapy, which entails listening to music as you exercise, has been proposed as a treatment technology that can change patients' behavior, emotions, and physiological activity. Read More

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Identification of a novel MICU1 nonsense variant causes myopathy with extrapyramidal signs in an Iranian consanguineous family.

Mol Cell Pediatr 2021 May 9;8(1). Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Ca as a universal second messenger regulates basic biological functions including cell cycle, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, and cell death. Lack of the protein mitochondrial calcium uptake1 (MICU1), which has been regarded as a gatekeeper of Ca ions, leads to the abnormal mitochondrial Ca handling, excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and increased cell death. Mutations in MICU1 gene causes a very rare neuromuscular disease, myopathy with extrapyramidal signs (MPXPS), due to primary alterations in mitochondrial calcium signaling which demonstrates the key role of mitochondrial Ca uptake. Read More

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Spastic paraplegia preceding -related familial Alzheimer's disease.

Alzheimers Dement (Amst) 2021 2;13(1):e12186. Epub 2021 May 2.

Neurogenetics Unit 1st Department of Neurology Eginition Hospital School of Medicine National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Athens Greece.

Introduction: We investigated the frequency, neuropathology, and phenotypic characteristics of spastic paraplegia (SP) that precedes dementia in presenilin 1 () related familial Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Methods: We performed whole exome sequencing (WES) in 60 probands with hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) phenotype that was negative for variants in known HSP-related genes. Where mutation was identified, brain biopsy was performed. Read More

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Parametric Study of a Triboelectric Transducer in Total Knee Replacement Application.

J Intell Mater Syst Struct 2021 Jan 20;32(1):16-28. Epub 2020 Aug 20.

Binghamton University, 4400 Vestal Parkway E., Binghamton, NY 13902, USA.

Triboelectric energy harvesting is a relatively new technology showing promise for biomedical applications. This study investigates a triboelectric energy transducer for potential applications in total knee replacement (TKR) both as an energy harvester and a sensor. The sensor can be used to monitor loads at the knee joint. Read More

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January 2021

Retraining selective trunk muscle activity: A key to more successful rehabilitation outcomes for hemiparetic stroke patients.

NeuroRehabilitation 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Division of Neurology and Neurorehabilitation - IRCCS Institute Auxologico Italiano, Piancavallo-Verbania, Italy.

Background: Hemiparetic patients lose the ability to move their trunk selectively, abdominals are affected and neither voluntary nor reflex activity is present.

Objective: To investigate if the inclusion of specific exercises for the trunk muscles in a rehabilitation program for chronic hemiparetic patients could lead to an additional improvement.

Methods: A multiple-participant single-subject design was replicated in patients with hemiplegia. Read More

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Association of toe-extension movement pattern magnitude and variability during three functional tasks with diabetic foot complications.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2021 May 3;85:105371. Epub 2021 May 3.

Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, 4444 Forest Park Ave, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA. Electronic address:

Background: A toe-extension movement pattern may contribute to metatarsophalangeal joint deformity and ulceration in people with diabetes. We sought to quantify the relationship between toe extension magnitude and variability during three functional tasks (ankle range of motion, sit to stand, walking) with metatarsophalangeal joint deformity, and identify potential mechanisms associated with a toe-extension movement pattern.

Methods: Individuals with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy were included (n = 60). Read More

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The association between knee joint muscle activation and knee joint moment patterns during walking in moderate medial compartment knee osteoarthritis: implications for secondary prevention.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

School of Biomedical Engineering, Dalhousie University, 5981 University Ave, Halifax, NS B3H 1W2, Canada; School of Physiotherapy, Dalhousie University, 5869 University Ave, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada; Affiliated Scientist Nova Scotia Health Authority, Department of Surgery, Halifax, NS B3H 3A7, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: Determine associations between knee moment features linked to osteoarthritis (OA) progression, gait muscle activation patterns, and strength.

Design: Cross-sectional secondary analysis.

Setting: Gait laboratory. Read More

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Dynamic foot morphology explained through 4D scanning and shape modeling.

J Biomech 2021 Apr 25;122:110465. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Ann and H.J. Smead Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder, USA.

A detailed understanding of foot morphology can enable the design of more comfortable and better fitting footwear. However, foot morphology varies widely within the population, and changes dynamically as the foot is loaded during stance. This study presents a parametric statistical shape model from 4D foot scans to capture both the inter- and intra-individual variability in foot morphology. Read More

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Tumor Occupancy Ratio-An Imaging Characteristic Prognosticating the Surgical Outcome of Benign Intradural Extramedullary Spinal Cord Tumors.

Int J Spine Surg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, Vivekananda Polyclinic and Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.

Background: Intradural extramedullary (IDEM) spinal cord tumors are two thirds of all spinal tumors. We have prospectively analyzed the importance of the tumor occupancy ratio as a factor for predicting the course of the disease and in prognosticating the surgical outcome in patients with IDEM tumors.

Methods: We prospectively analyzed 44 consecutive cases of IDEM tumors, diagnosed as cervical, thoracic, and lumbar IDEM tumors (excluding conus/cauda equina lesion) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), that were operated on at our institution between 2014 and 2016. Read More

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The Impact of Locomotor Speed on the Human Metatarsophalangeal Joint Kinematics.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2021 20;9:644582. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering, Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun, China.

This paper aims to further our previous study to investigate the effect of speed on the human metatarsophalangeal (MP) joint kinematics during running on level ground. The 3D motion of the foot segments was captured by a twelve-camera motion analysis system, and the ground reaction forces and moments were recorded by using a six-force plate array. The relative movement between the tarsometatarsi (hindfoot) and phalanges (forefoot) segments were recorded to obtain the 3D orientation and position of the functional axis (FA) of the MP joint. Read More

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Dual-Tasking Effects on Gait and Turning Performance of Stroke Survivors with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy.

Malays J Med Sci 2021 Apr 21;28(2):63-71. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Centre for Physiotherapy Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.

Background: Stroke survivors depend on the unaffected leg during walking and standing. The presence of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) affecting both legs may further affect the postural balance and gait instability and increase the risk for falls in such patients. Thus, this study was conducted to investigate the effect of dual taskings on the gait and turning performance of stroke survivors with DPN. Read More

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Effects of Medial Thrust Gait on Lower Extremity Kinetics in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis.

Ortop Traumatol Rehabil 2021 Apr;23(2):115-120

Djavad Mowafaghian Research Center of Intelligent Neuro-rehabilitation Technologies, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Medial thrust (MT) gait is a nonsurgical approach for reducing the knee adduction moment (KAM) in patients with knee osteoarthritis. However, its usefulness is indeterminate due to scarcity of research about changes in lower extremity kinetics and the ground reaction force (GRF) which have been investigated in this study.

Materials And Methods: Twenty patients (6 males, 14 females, age: 56. Read More

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Loaded forced-marching shifts mechanical contributions proximally and disrupts stride-to-stride joint work modulation in recruit aged women.

Gait Posture 2021 Apr 27;88:22-27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, Department of Sports Medicine and Nutrition, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Background: Military personnel in combat roles often perform gait tasks with additional load, which can affect the contributions of joint mechanical work (positive and negative). Furthermore, different locomotion patterns can also affect joint specific work contributions. While mean behavior of joint work is important to understanding gait, changes in joint kinetic modulation, or the regulation/control of stride-to-stride joint work variability is necessary to elucidate locomotor system function. Read More

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Differential rotational movement and symmetry values of the thoracolumbosacral region in high-level dressage horses when trotting.

PLoS One 2021 6;16(5):e0251144. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Clinical Science and Services, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, United Kingdom.

High-level dressage horses regularly perform advanced movements, requiring coordination and force transmission between front and hind limbs across the thoracolumbosacral region. This study aimed at quantifying kinematic differences in dressage horses when ridden in sitting trot-i.e. Read More

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Patients' perceived walking abilities, daily-life gait behavior and gait quality before and 3 months after total knee arthroplasty.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Behavioural and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Van der Boechorststraat 9, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Functional outcome and patients' daily-life activities after total knee arthroplasty are becoming more important with a younger and more active patient population. In addition to patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), trunk-based accelerometry has shown to be a promising method for evaluating gait function after total knee arthroplasty. The aim of this study was to evaluate daily-life perceived walking abilities, gait behavior and gait quality before and 3 months after total knee arthroplasty, using PROMs and trunk-based accelerometry. Read More

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Effects of gait rehabilitation on motor coordination in stroke survivors: an UCM-based approach.

Exp Brain Res 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy.

Post-stroke locomotion is usually characterized by asymmetrical gait patterns, compensatory movements of trunk and nonparetic limb, altered motor coordination, and wide inter-stride variability. This pilot study was designed to test a twofold hypothesis: post-stroke survivors can exploit the redundancy of the segmental angles to stabilize the 3D footpath trajectory during the swing phase, in accordance with the Uncontrolled Manifold (UCM) theory; an intense rehabilitative treatment improves both motor performance and outcomes of the UCM analysis. Ten stroke survivors underwent two evaluation sessions, before and after a conventional multidisciplinary intensive rehabilitation program, encompassing clinical tests and gait analysis, both overground and on treadmill. Read More

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Assessment of walking disorder in community-dwelling Japanese middle-aged and elderly women using an inertial sensor.

PeerJ 2021 14;9:e11269. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Graduate School of Health Sciences, Morinomiya University of Medical Sciences, Osaka City, Japan.

Background: Decreased walking speed has been revealed to be related to many negative events. Several researchers support the importance of triceps surae function as a cause of decreased walking speed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between walking speed and plantar flexor power during the terminal stance of gait in community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly women using an inertial sensor. Read More

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Effects of Health Qigong Exercises on Physical Function on Patients with Parkinson's Disease.

J Multidiscip Healthc 2021 28;14:941-950. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Neurology, Aerospace Central Hospital, Beijing, 100049, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: To measure motor function improvements in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) using Health Qigong exercises.

Patients And Methods: Fifty-two PD patients (Hoehn and Yahr stages I to IV) were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Twenty-six PD patients in the experimental group were intervened with routine medicine and fitness Qigong exercise. Read More

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Is Human Walking a Network Medicine Problem? An Analysis Using Symbolic Regression Models with Genetic Programming.

Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2021 Apr 10;206:106104. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Biomedical Informatics, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Swanson School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA; Department of Bioengineering, Swanson School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA.

Background And Objective: Human walking is typically assessed using a sensor placed on the lower back or the hip. Such analyses often ignore that the arms, legs, and body trunk movements all have significant roles during walking; in other words, these body nodes with accelerometers form a body sensor network (BSN). BSN refers to a network of wearable sensors or devices on the human body that collects physiological signals. Read More

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Exergaming as a Functional Test Battery in Patients Who Received Arthroscopic Ankle Arthrodesis: Cross-sectional Pilot Study.

JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol 2021 May 5;8(2):e21924. Epub 2021 May 5.

Zuyderland Medical Centre, Sittard, Netherlands.

Background: Recently, movement-based videogames (exergames) have gained popularity in improving the rehabilitation process after surgery. During exergaming, participants are physically challenged as the game component stimulates adherence to the training program. There is no literature on the effect of exergame training interventions in patients who received arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis. Read More

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Similar kinematic patterns between revision total stabilized (TS) and primary posterior stabilized (PS) knee prostheses: a prospective case-controlled study with gait assessment.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Orthopaedic Department, Lyon North University Hospital, Hôpital de La Croix Rousse, Hospices Civils de Lyon, 103 Grande Rue de la Croix Rousse, 69004, Lyon, France.

Purpose: There are increased surgical considerations when revising total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in active patients. Few studies have assessed if a semi-constrained [Total Stabilized (TS)] prostheses has similar knee biomechanics to a primary posterior stabilized (PS) prosthesis. The aim was to compare the gait parameters in patients with PS or TS TKA and normal controls. Read More

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Effect of ankle joint fixation on tibialis anterior muscle activity during split-belt treadmill walking in healthy subjects: A pilot study.

Turk J Phys Med Rehabil 2021 Mar 4;67(1):11-16. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Rehabilitation, Fujita Health University Bantane Hospital, Nagoya, Japan.

Objectives: This study aims to examine the characteristics of muscle activity change of the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle in healthy adults while they walked on a split-belt treadmill with one fixed ankle.

Patients And Methods: This randomized controlled trial was conducted between November 2017 and July 2018. Fourteen healthy male individuals (mean age 31. Read More

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Structured physical therapy protocols following hip arthroscopy and their effect on patient-reported outcomes-a systematic review of the literature.

J Hip Preserv Surg 2020 Aug 18;7(3):357-377. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

American Hip Institute Research Foundation, Des Plaines, IL 60018, USA.

: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of structured physical therapy protocols on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) following hip arthroscopy. A literature search was completed in October 2019 according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines to identify articles reporting specific rehabilitation protocols following hip arthroscopy that document PROs. Studies meeting all inclusion and exclusion were reviewed and data were extracted. Read More

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Robotic-assisted gait rehabilitation following stroke: a systematic review of current guidelines and practical clinical recommendations.

Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Rehabilitation Unit, ULSS (Local Health Authority) Euganea - Camposampiero Hospital, Padua, Italy.

Introduction: Stroke is the third leading cause of adult disability world-wide, and lower extremity motor impairment is one of the major determinants of long-term disability. Although robotic therapy is becoming more and more utilized in research protocols for lower limb stroke rehabilitation, the gap between research evidence and its use in clinical practice is still significant. The aim of this study was to determine the scope, quality, and consistency of guidelines for robotic lower limb rehabilitation after stroke, in order to provide clinical recommendations. Read More

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Predicting falls in community-dwelling older adults: a systematic review of prognostic models.

BMJ Open 2021 May 4;11(5):e044170. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.

Objective: To systematically review and critically appraise prognostic models for falls in community-dwelling older adults.

Eligibility Criteria: Prospective cohort studies with any follow-up period. Studies had to develop or validate multifactorial prognostic models for falls in community-dwelling older adults (60+ years). Read More

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Apparent Breed Predilection for Equid Herpesvirus-1-Associated Myeloencephalopathy (EHM) in a Multiple-Breed Herd.

Pathogens 2021 Apr 29;10(5). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Equine Hospital Center for Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Ludwig-Maximilians University, 80539 Munich, Germany.

Equid herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) causes several outbreaks of abortion and/or equid herpesvirus-associated myeloencephalopathy (EHM) worldwide each year. EHM is of great concern, as permanent neurological gait anomalies can leave a horse unfit for future use. The study assesses the risk factors associated with the occurrence of EHM. Read More

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Estimation of 3D Body Center of Mass Acceleration and Instantaneous Velocity from a Wearable Inertial Sensor Network in Transfemoral Amputee Gait: A Case Study.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Apr 30;21(9). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Institut de Biomécanique Humaine Georges Charpak, Arts et Métiers, 151 Boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75013 Paris, France.

The analysis of the body center of mass (BCoM) 3D kinematics provides insights on crucial aspects of locomotion, especially in populations with gait impairment such as people with amputation. In this paper, a wearable framework based on the use of different magneto-inertial measurement unit (MIMU) networks is proposed to obtain both BCoM acceleration and velocity. The proposed framework was validated as a proof of concept in one transfemoral amputee against data from force plates (acceleration) and an optoelectronic system (acceleration and velocity). Read More

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