26,662 results match your criteria Gait Analysis

Addition of a Cognitive Task During Walking Alters Lower Body Muscle Activity.

Motor Control 2022 May 26:1-10. Epub 2022 May 26.

Human Performance Laboratory, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB,Canada.

This study compared electromyography of five leg muscles during a single walking task (WALK) to a dual task (walking + cognitive task; COG) in 40 individuals (20 M and 20 F) using a wavelet analysis technique. It was hypothesized that muscle activation during the dual task would differ significantly from the walking task with respect to both timing (H1) and frequency (H2). The mean overall intensity for the COG trials was 4. Read More

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Age related changes in gait variability, asymmetry, and bilateral coordination - When does deterioration starts?

Gait Posture 2022 May 7;96:87-92. Epub 2022 May 7.

Center of Advanced Technologies in Rehabilitation Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel; Dept. of Physiology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; The Sagol School of Neuroscience, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. Electronic address:

Background: Gait pattern coordination is affected by several factors (e.g., neurodegeneration), while aging is known to have a significant negative impact. Read More

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Did you even see that? visual sensory processing of single stimuli under different locomotor loads.

PLoS One 2022 26;17(5):e0267896. Epub 2022 May 26.

Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany.

Modern living and working environments are more and more interspersed with the concurrent execution of locomotion and sensory processing, most often in the visual domain. Many job profiles involve the presentation of visual information while walking, for example in warehouse logistics work, where a worker has to manage walking to the correct aisle to pick up a package while being presented with visual information over data-glasses concerning the next order. Similar use-cases can be found in manufacturing jobs, for example in car montage assembly lines where next steps are presented via augmented reality headsets while walking at a slow pace. Read More

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Validation of Two Activity Monitors in Slow and Fast Walking Hospitalized Patients.

Rehabil Res Pract 2022 16;2022:9230081. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Clinical Research, Copenhagen University Hospital, Amager and Hvidovre, Denmark.

To evaluate interventions to promote physical activity, valid outcome measures are important. This study evaluated the validity and reliability of the ActivPAL3™ and the SENS motion® activity monitors with regard to the number of steps taken, walking, and sedentary behavior in hospitalized patients ( = 36) (older medical patients (+65 years) ( = 12), older patients (+65) with acute hip fracture ( = 12), and patients (+18) who underwent acute high-risk abdominal surgery ( = 12)). Both monitors showed good (≥60%) percentage agreement with direct observation for standing and no. Read More

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Direct Oral Anticoagulants vs. Vitamin K Antagonists in Atrial Fibrillation Patients at Risk of Falling: A Meta-Analysis.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 9;9:833329. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Cardiology, The Affiliated Ganzhou Hospital of Nanchang University, Ganzhou, China.

Background: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) and warfarin are usually used for people with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, for the AF patients at risk of falling, the effectiveness and safety outcomes of DOACs compared with warfarin remain unclear. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis regarding the effectiveness and safety of DOACs vs. Read More

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Design of a Bio-Inspired Gait Phase Decoder Based on Temporal Convolution Network Architecture With Contralateral Surface Electromyography Toward Hip Prosthesis Control.

Front Neurorobot 2022 9;16:791169. Epub 2022 May 9.

School of Health Science and Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai, China.

Inter-leg coordination is of great importance to guarantee the safety of the prostheses wearers, especially for the subjects at high amputation levels. The mainstream of current controllers for lower-limb prostheses is based on the next motion state estimation by the past motion signals at the prosthetic side, which lacks immediate responses and increases falling risks. A bio-inspired gait pattern generation architecture was proposed to provide a possible solution to the bilateral coordination issue. Read More

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Instrumented Assessment of Motor Performance Fatigability During the 6-Min Walk Test in Mildly Affected People With Multiple Sclerosis.

Front Neurol 2022 9;13:802516. Epub 2022 May 9.

Health and Physical Activity, Department of Sport Science, Institute III, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany.

There are conflicting results regarding the changes in spatio-temporal gait parameters during the 6-min walk test (6MWT) as indicators of gait-related motor performance fatigability (PF) in people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS). To further analyze if gait-related motor PF can be quantified using instrumented gait analysis during the 6MWT, we investigated: (i) whether gait parameters recorded during the first or second minute were more stable and thus the better baseline to assess motor PF and (ii) if the minimum toe clearance (MTC) together with "classical" spatio-temporal gait parameters can be used to quantify motor PF in pwMS. Nineteen mildly affected pwMS [12 women/7 men; 47. Read More

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The effects of custom-made foot orthoses on foot pain, foot function, gait function, and free-living walking activities in people with psoriatic arthritis (PsA): a pre-experimental trial.

Arthritis Res Ther 2022 May 25;24(1):124. Epub 2022 May 25.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada.

Introduction: Foot involvement is a significant concern in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) as it can lead to severe levels of foot pain and disability and reduced mobility and quality of life. Previous studies have shown moderate efficacy for custom-made foot orthoses (CFO) in reducing foot pain and disability in people with rheumatoid arthritis. However, evidence on the efficacy of CFO in people with PsA is lacking. Read More

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Combined Association of Walking Pace and Grip Strength with Incident Type 2 Diabetes.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2022 May 25. Epub 2022 May 25.

Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

The current study aims to investigate the combined association of walking pace and grip strength with incident type 2 diabetes (T2D). A total of 205,738 participants (mean age 56.6 ± 8. Read More

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Individual muscle force-energy rate is altered during crouch gait: A neuro-musculoskeletal evaluation.

J Biomech 2022 May 17;139:111141. Epub 2022 May 17.

The James R. Gage Center for Gait & Motion Analysis, Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare, St. Paul, MN, United States of America.

Children with pathological movement patterns like crouch gait present with excessive knee and hip flexion during stance phase due to multiple factors. A good treatment requires that the primary factor is reduced or eliminated to optimise the relationship between muscle energy expenditure and muscle force production during walking. In this way, neuro-musculoskeletal simulations are reliable tools to evaluate how individual muscles contribute to gait. Read More

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Bilateral lower extremity gait and function after unilateral total ankle arthroplasty: a case report.

Physiother Theory Pract 2022 May 24:1-11. Epub 2022 May 24.

Department of Physical Therapy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: End-stage ankle osteoarthritis is one of the leading causes of chronic disability in North America. The main purpose of this case report was to describe the functional recovery of a person following total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) surgery using the INFINITY™ system for end stage osteoarthritis of the left ankle.

Case Description: We report a case of a 55-year-old male who had attempted conservative management for end stage ankle osteoarthritis in his left ankle but ultimately elected to undergo TAA using The INFINITY™ Total Ankle System. Read More

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Droxidopa reduces postural sway in Parkinson disease patients with orthostatic hypotension.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2022 May 13;99:62-64. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Neurology, Wexner Medical Center, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address:

We evaluate the effect of droxidopa on gait and balance measures in nine patients with Parkinson's disease and neurogenic orthostatic hypotension. Computerized gait/balance analysis showed a significant effect of droxidopa in reducing postural sway. Future studies may determine if such effect translates into improvement in postural reflexes and falls. Read More

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Quantitative Three-Dimensional Gait Evaluation in Patients With Glucose Transporter 1 Deficiency Syndrome.

Pediatr Neurol 2022 Apr 29;132:23-26. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Pediatrics, Nagoya University Graduate School of medicine, Nagoya, Japan; Department of Developmental Disability Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Background: Of the patients with glucose transporter 1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1-DS), 90% have a pathologic gait. Ataxic-spastic and ataxic gaits are seen in 35% of patients each. A ketogenic diet and modified Atkins diet (MAD) are effective therapy in GLUT1-DS in terms of both the seizures and movement disorder. Read More

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Detection of common copy number of variation underlying selection pressure in Middle Eastern horse breeds using whole-genome sequence data.

J Hered 2022 May 23. Epub 2022 May 23.

Chapar-Semirom horse stud farm, Semirom, Isfahan, Iran.

Dareshouri, Arabian, and Akhal-Teke are three Middle Eastern horse breeds that have been selected for endurance and adaptation to harsh climates. Deciphering the genetic characteristics of these horses by tracing selection footprints and copy number of variations will be helpful in improving our understanding of equine breeds' development and adaptation. For this purpose, we sequenced the whole-genome of four Dareshouri horses using Illumina Hiseq panels and compared them with publicly available whole-genome sequences of Arabian (n=3) and Akhal-Teke (n=3) horses . Read More

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Case 302: Supratentorial Lymphocytic Inflammation with Parenchymal Perivascular Enhancement Responsive to Steroids.

Radiology 2022 Jun;303(3):726-730

From the Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology Section, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Ark (S.V.); Department of Clinical Imaging, Hamad General Hospital (L.A.), and Department of Neuroradiology, Neuroscience Institute (M.A., A.H.E.B.), Hamad Medical, PO Box 3050, Alsadd, Doha, Qatar; and Department of Clinical Radiology, Weill Cornell Medicine, Doha, Qatar (A.H.E.B.).

History: Part one of this case appeared 4 months previously and may contain larger images. A 21-year-old immunocompetent man who was a long-term resident of Qatar presented to the emergency department with recurrent episodes of unprovoked generalized tonic-clonic seizures lasting 2-3 minutes that spontaneously resolved and were associated with postictal confusion. The patient also had progressive mild diplopia, intermittent dizziness, and numbness in the left arm over the course of 3 months. Read More

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Effect of Timing and Coordination Training on Mobility and Physical Activity Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Netw Open 2022 May 2;5(5):e2212921. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Importance: Standard exercise interventions targeting underlying physiologic system impairments have limited success in improving walking. Augmenting standard interventions with timing and coordination training, which incorporates the principles of motor learning and integrates multiple systems, may be more successful.

Objective: To determine whether a standard strength and endurance program incorporating timing and coordination training (standard-plus) improves gait speed more than strength and endurance training alone. Read More

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Effect of deep brain stimulation on freezing of gait in patients with Parkinson's disease: a systematic review.

Br J Neurosurg 2022 May 23:1-9. Epub 2022 May 23.

Research Center for Neuromodulation and Pain, Shiraz, Iran.

Background And Objectives: Freezing of gait (FOG) is a disabling gait disorder in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), characterized by recurrent episodes of halting steps. Dopaminergic drugs are common treatments for PD and FOG; however, these drugs may worsen FOG. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is another option used to treat selected patients. Read More

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Gait stability reflects motor tracts damage at early stages of multiple sclerosis.

Mult Scler 2022 May 21:13524585221094464. Epub 2022 May 21.

Galea Department of Medicine and Radiology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.

Background: Gait in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) is affected even when no changes can be observed on clinical examination. A sensitive measure of gait deterioration is stability; however, its correlation with motor tract damage has not yet been established.

Objective: To compare stability between PwMS and healthy controls (HCs) and determine associations between stability and diffusion magnetic resonance image (MRI) measures of axonal damage in selected sensorimotor tracts. Read More

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Neurologic Sequela of COVID-19: Guillain-Barré Syndrome Following Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 Vaccination.

Cureus 2022 Apr 18;14(4):e24252. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Neurology, Florida Atlantic University Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Boca Raton, USA.

Guillain-Barré syndrome after Pfizer and Astra-Zeneca vaccinations against COVID-19 has been previously reported in the literature. The objective of this study was to report the first case of Guillain-Barré following the COVID-19 vaccination with the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine. We report the case of a 53-year-old female who presented to the Emergency Department complaining of bilateral lower extremity weakness, paresthesias, and gait difficulties 14 days after having received the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccination. Read More

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Hybrid Optimized GRU-ECNN Models for Gait Recognition with Wearable IOT Devices.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2022 13;2022:5422428. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Computer Science, Middlesex University, London, UK.

With the advent of the Internet of Things (IoT), human-assistive technologies in healthcare services have reached the peak of their application in terms of diagnosis and treatment process. These devices must be aware of human movements to provide better aid in clinical applications as well as the user's daily activities. In this context, real-time gait analysis remains to be key catalyst for developing intelligent assistive devices. Read More

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Aseptic Revision of Total Hip Arthroplasty With a Single Modular Femoral Stem and a Modified Extended Trochanteric Osteotomy-Treatment Assessment With the Forgotten Joint Score-12.

Arthroplast Today 2022 Jun 18;15:159-166. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, St.Gallen, Switzerland.

Background: Aseptic loosening is among the most common reasons for revision total hip arthroplasty (RTHA). Modular revision stems implanted through an extended trochanteric osteotomy (ETO) promise good results, but patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are rarely conveyed. This study used the Forgotten Joint Score-12 (FJS-12) to assess patient-reported outcome in patients who had undergone RTHA for aseptic stem loosening using a modified ETO approach with a tapered, fluted modular stem. Read More

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Explainable Fall Risk Prediction in Older Adults Using Gait and Geriatric Assessments.

Front Digit Health 2022 6;4:869812. Epub 2022 May 6.

Sinclair School of Nursing, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, United States.

Older adults aged 65 and above are at higher risk of falls. Predicting fall risk early can provide caregivers time to provide interventions, which could reduce the risk, potentially avoiding a possible fall. In this paper, we present an analysis of 6-month fall risk prediction in older adults using geriatric assessments, GAITRite measurements, and fall history. Read More

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Foot Trajectory Features in Gait of Parkinson's Disease Patients.

Front Physiol 2022 4;13:726677. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Computer Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by movement disorders, such as gait instability. This study investigated whether certain spatial features of foot trajectory are characteristic of patients with PD. The foot trajectory of patients with mild and advanced PD in on-state and healthy older and young individuals was estimated from acceleration and angular velocity measured by inertial measurement units placed on the subject's shanks, just above the ankles. Read More

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Effect of virtual reality rehabilitation on functional outcomes for return-to-work patients with Parkinson's disease: An umbrella review of systematic reviews.

NeuroRehabilitation 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Medical, Oral and Biotechnological Sciences, Unit of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, G. D'Annunzio University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy.

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of substantia nigra neurons with deficiency of dopamine. The main symptoms are tremor, rigidity and bradykinesia. Rehabilitation has an important role in the treatment of this condition and virtual reality (VR) is one of the most recent tools. Read More

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Enhanced healing outcomes in MRL/MpJ tissues conserved in insertion site following surgical repair.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Nancy E. and Peter C. Meinig School of Biomedical Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA; Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA; Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Surgical repair of supraspinatus tendons (SST) has a high failure rate at the insertion site. A significant hurdle to therapeutic development is that effective intrinsic healing mechanisms are unknown. The MRL/MpJ (MRL) mouse exhibits tissue-specific enhanced healing; however, these tissues exhibit disparate properties from the complex SST. Read More

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Longitudinal study on the progression of muscle status among community-dwelling ambulatory older multiethnic Asians with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

BMC Geriatr 2022 May 21;22(1):446. Epub 2022 May 21.

SingHealth Polyclinics, 167 Jalan Bukit Merah Connection One Tower 5 #15-10, Singapore, 150167, Singapore.

Background: Muscle health decline with age, but its deterioration in older persons with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) over time is not well-established. This study aimed to determine the change in muscle mass, handgrip strength and gait speed over time among community-dwelling ambulatory older multi-ethnic Asian patients with T2DM and their associated factors.

Methods: Among 387 eligible patients aged 60-89 years who were recruited at baseline, 348 (89. Read More

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A machine learning approach for the identification of kinematic biomarkers of chronic neck pain during single- and dual-task gait.

Gait Posture 2022 May 13;96:81-86. Epub 2022 May 13.

Centre of Precision Rehabilitation for Spinal Pain (CPR Spine), School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Changes in gait characteristics have been reported in people with chronic neck pain (CNP).

Research Question: Can we classify people with and without CNP by training machine learning models with Inertial Measurement Units (IMU)-based gait kinematic data?

Methods: Eighteen asymptomatic individuals and 21 participants with CNP were recruited for the study and performed two gait trajectories, (1) linear walking with their head straight (single-task) and (2) linear walking with continuous head-rotation (dual-task). Kinematic data were recorded from three IMU sensors attached to the forehead, upper thoracic spine (T1), and lower thoracic spine (T12). Read More

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Replicating and redesigning ankle-foot orthoses with 3D printing for children with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

Gait Posture 2022 May 11;96:73-80. Epub 2022 May 11.

University of Sydney School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health & Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia; The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, Australia.

Background: Children with the most common inherited neuropathy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), are often prescribed ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) to improve walking ability and prevent falls by reducing foot drop, postural instability, and other gait impairments. These externally worn assistive devices are traditionally custom-made using thermoplastic vacuum forming. This labour-intensive manufacturing process often results in AFOs which are cumbersome due to limited design options, and are associated with low acceptability, discomfort, and suboptimal impact on gait. Read More

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Are Altered Kinematics in Runners With Patellofemoral Pain Sex Specific?

Sports Health 2022 May 20:19417381221088582. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Physiotherapy, São Carlos Federal University, São Carlos, Brazil.

Background: Altered kinematics have been frequently observed in runners with patellofemoral pain (PFP), and few studies have aimed to understand the influence of sex on kinematics of this population. The aim of this study was to investigate whether altered hip and knee kinematics in runners with PFP are sex specific.

Hypothesis: Kinematics will be different between female and male runners with and without PFP. Read More

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Greater heel-rise endurance is related to better gait biomechanics in patients surgically treated for chronic Achilles tendon rupture.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Orthopaedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Purpose: To determine the relationships among calf muscle function, tendon length and gait biomechanics in patients surgically treated for chronic Achilles tendon rupture.

Methods: Twenty-one patients with chronic Achilles tendon rupture (mean age 62 ± 13 years) were evaluated by heel-rise endurance test, Achilles Tendon Resting Angle (ATRA), ultrasound measurement of tendon length and three-dimensional gait analysis. A bivariate two-sided correlation test was performed on all variables in all patients. Read More

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