55,077 results match your criteria Gait Analysis


A 'Fingerprint' of locomotor maturation: Motor development descriptors, reference development bands and data-set.

Gait Posture 2018 Nov 29;68:232-237. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering "Guglielmo Marconi", University of Bologna, Via del Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy.

Background: When aiming at studying and monitoring locomotor development in childhood, innovative indexes for the characterization of motor control performance and wearable technologies have highlighted the potential of significant advances. In particular, quantitative assessment of motor performance during natural walking (NW) and tandem walking (TW) has been proposed to highlight manifestations of motor automaticity and complexity, respectively.

Research Question: This work aims at providing a quantitative overview of metrics characterizing locomotor maturation in a typically developing population, by analysing NW and TW. Read More

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November 2018

Full length foot orthoses have an immediate treatment effect and modify gait of children with idiopathic toe walking.

Gait Posture 2018 Nov 20;68:227-231. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Monash University, School of Primary and Allied Health Care, Frankston, VIC, 3199, Australia; Peninsula Health, Allied Health, 4 Hastings Rd, Frankston, VIC, 3199, Australia.

Background: There remains a substantial lack of evidence to support the use of foot orthoses as a conservative treatment option for idiopathic toe walking (ITW). Encouraging heel contact during gait is one of the primary goals of most interventions in paediatric ITW.

Research Question: Does the combined treatment of high-top boots and orthoses increase the number of heel contacts during gait and change spatio-temporal gait parameters?

Methods: This within subject designed randomised controlled trial recruited fifteen children diagnosed with ITW (n = 10 males). Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia: gain-of-function mechanisms revealed by new transgenic mouse.

Hum Mol Genet 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy.

Mutations of the SPAST gene, which encodes the microtubule-severing protein spastin, are the most common cause of Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia. Haploinsufficiency is the prevalent opinion as to the mechanism of the disease, but gain-of-function toxicity of the mutant proteins is another possibility. Here, we report a new transgenic mouse (termed SPASTC448Y mouse) that is not haploinsufficient but expresses human spastin bearing the HSP pathogenic C448Y mutation. Read More

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December 2018

Center of plantar pressure during gait in pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain and the effect of pelvic belts.

Acta Bioeng Biomech 2018 ;20(4):69-76

Laboratory of Functional Anatomy, Faculty of Motor Sciences, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.

Purpose: Many pregnant women suffer from pelvic girdle pain (PGP) during pregnancy. Etiologies are multifactorial and affect the joint stability of the sacroiliac joint. Pelvic belts could restore stability and reduce pain during gait. Read More

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January 2018

Artificial neural network simulation of lower limb joint angles in normal and impaired human gait.

Acta Bioeng Biomech 2018 ;20(4):43-49

Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Warsaw, Poland.

Purpose: Simulating the complexities of lower limb motion can be useful for orthosis or rehabilitation planning. The aim of this study was to develop an artificial neural network (ANN) able to accurately simulate the changes in the angle of the ankle, knee and hip joints during the gait cycle, then to use it to simulate the impact of a restricted range of ankle and hip joint angle changes on the progres- sion of the knee joint angle.

Methods: Thirty four young healthy students participated in the study. Read More

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January 2018

The effect of aging and gender on plantar pressure distribution during the gait in elderly.

Acta Bioeng Biomech 2018 ;20(4):139-144

Faculty of Sports Studies, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.

Purpose: The effect of age on structural foot characteristics as well as on the plantar pressure distribution has been shown previously. However, the number of studies focused also on gender gait differences of elderly is lacking. The purpose of this study was to compare dynamic gait characteristic in younger and older elderly and to investigate the gender differences as the life-long load and footwear choice differ in males and females. Read More

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January 2018

The influence of minimalist and conventional sports shoes and lower limbs dominance on running gait.

Acta Bioeng Biomech 2018 ;20(3):3-9

University of Ostrava, Faculty of Education, Department of Human Movement Studies, Ostrava, Czech Republic.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine how minimalist running shoes (MRS), conventional running shoes (CRS) and the dominance of lower limbs influence the running gait.

Methods: Trained recreational runners (N = 13) who have been engaged in regulary running for more than one year were participants in this study. They were experienced with using MRS and CRS for more than half year and they used both types of shoes. Read More

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January 2018

Gait parameters and characteristics associated with increased risk of falls in people with dementia: a systematic review.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 6:1-17. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Health & Rehabilitation Sciences,University of Western Ontario,London, ON,Canada.

ABSTRACTBackground:People with dementia fall twice as often and have more serious fall-related injuries than healthy older adults. While gait impairment as a generic term is understood as a fall risk factor in this population, a clear elaboration of the specific components of gait that are associated with falls risk is needed for knowledge translation to clinical practice and the development of fall prevention strategies for people with dementia.

Objective: To review gait parameters and characteristics associated with falls in people with dementia. Read More

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December 2018

A posturographic procedure assessing balance disorders in Parkinson's disease: a systematic review.

Clin Interv Aging 2018 12;13:2301-2316. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Human Motor Behavior, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Katowice, Poland,

Postural instability is common in Parkinson's disease (PD), often contributing to falls, injuries, and reduced mobility. In the clinical setting, balance disorder is commonly diagnosed using clinical tests and balance scales, but it is suggested that the most sensitive measurement is the force platform. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the methods and various posturographic procedures used to assess the body balance and gait in PD. Read More

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November 2018

A systematic review of physical rehabilitation interventions for stroke in low and lower-middle income countries.

Disabil Rehabil 2018 Dec 3:1-29. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

a UCD School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science , University College Dublin , Dublin , Ireland.

Purpose: Approximately 70% of strokes occur in low and middle income countries, yet the effectiveness of physical rehabilitation in these contexts remains undetermined. This systematic review identifies and summarises the current evidence supporting physical rehabilitation interventions post-stroke in low and lower-middle income countries.

Methods: Five databases were comprehensively searched (April 2017) for randomised controlled trials, clinical controlled trials, and cohort studies testing rehabilitation interventions post-stroke in these countries. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluating the Gillette Functional Assessment Questionnaire and the Functional Mobility Scale in a pediatric inpatient setting.

Authors:
Jean L Stout

Dev Med Child Neurol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

James R Gage Center for Gait and Motion Analysis, Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare, St Paul, MN, USA.

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December 2018

Robot-assisted gait training effectively improved lateropulsion in subacute stroke patients: a single-blinded randomized controlled trial.

Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Republic of Korea -

Background: Some stroke patients are known to use nonparetic extremities to push toward the paretic side, a movement known as lateropulsion. Lateropulsion impairs postural balance and interferes with rehabilitation.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) on recovery from lateropulsion compared with conventional physical therapy (CPT). Read More

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December 2018

Intrapallidal injection of botulinum toxin A recovers gait deficits in a parkinsonian rodent model.

Acta Physiol (Oxf) 2018 Dec 3:e13230. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

Aim: Modulation of electrical activity in the subthalamic nucleus has been therapeutically effective in Parkinson's disease. Pharmacological manipulation of glutamate release from subthalamic neurons could also favourably alter basal ganglia activity to improve motor symptoms. The present study investigates the efficacy of selective suppression of hyperactive glutamatergic input from the subthalamic nucleus to the globus pallidus internal segment by botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) in a parkinsonian model. Read More

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December 2018

Interventions to Improve Gait in Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

University of Sydney, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: To review intervention programs that measure gait to investigate what features of the intervention may contribute to improving gait in older adults with cognitive impairment or dementia.

Design: Systematic review using Medline, Cinahl, Scopus, PsychInfo, Amed, Embase, Web of Science, and PubMed for original research published in English between January 1, 2000, and July 23, 2018, to identify interventional controlled trials. Narrative synthesis was undertaken. Read More

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December 2018

Optical Rehabilitation of a Patient with Keratoconus and Nystagmus.

Med Hypothesis Discov Innov Ophthalmol 2018 ;7(4):183-189

Kentucky College of Optometry, University of Pikeville, Pikeville, KY, USA.

Keratoconus is a progressive corneal disease characterized by bilateral yet usually asymmetric thinning of the cornea with an onset typically in teenage years. While it often presents as an isolated condition, keratoconus may also be associated with many systemic and/or ocular diseases, such as connective tissue and chromosomal disorders. Its association with nystagmus has been described in Leber's congenital amaurosis, where patients also exhibit abnormal pupillary responses, early-onset retinal dystrophy, mental developmental delays, and eventual blindness. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Not all brawn, but some brain. Strength gains after training alters kinematic motor abundance in hopping.

PeerJ 2018 23;6:e6010. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Sciences, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: The effects of resistance training on a muscle's neural, architectural, and mechanical properties are well established. However, whether resistance training can positively change the coordination of multiple motor elements in the control of a well-defined lower limb motor performance objective remains unclear. Such knowledge is critical given that resistance training is an essential and ubiquitous component in gait rehabilitation. Read More

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November 2018

Repeatability of a Multi-segment Foot Model with a 15-Marker Set in Normal Children.

Clin Orthop Surg 2018 Dec 21;10(4):484-490. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Background: The use of three-dimensional multi-segment foot models (3D MFMs) is increasing since they have superior ability to illustrate the effect of foot and ankle pathologies on intersegmental motion of the foot compared to single-segment foot model gait analysis. However, validation of the repeatability of the 3D MFMs is important for their clinical use. Although many MFMs have been validated in normal adults, research on MFM repeatability in children is lacking. Read More

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December 2018

Day-to-day variations in sleep quality affect standing balance in healthy adults.

Sci Rep 2018 Nov 30;8(1):17504. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

School of Engineering, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.

Acute sleep deprivation is known to affect human balance and posture control. However, the effects of variations in sleep quality and pattern over consecutive days have received less attention. This study investigated the associations between day-to-day variations in sleep quality and standing balance in healthy subjects. Read More

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November 2018

Effect of Tai Chi Exercise on Balance Function of Stroke Patients: A Meta-Analysis.

Med Sci Monit Basic Res 2018 Dec 3;24:210-215. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

School of Laboratory Medicine, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, Anhui, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Tai Chi is an ancient form of physical activity that has been shown to improve cardiovascular function, but to date there had been no comprehensive systematic review on the effect of Tai Chi exercise on balance function of patients with stroke. This study evaluated the effect of Tai Chi exercise on balance function in stroke patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS PubMed, Cochrane library, and China National Knowledge Information databases and the Wan Fang medical network were searched to collect the articles. Read More

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December 2018

CSF β-amyloid and risk of freezing of gait in early Parkinson disease.

Neurology 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

From the Department of Neurology (R.K., H.-J.K., A.K., B.J.), Seoul National University Hospital, College of Medicine; Department of Neurology (R.K.), Aerospace Medical Center, Republic of Korea Air Force, Cheongju; Medical Research Collaborating Center (J.L.), Seoul National University Hospital; Department of Neurology (M.J.), Presbyterian Medical Center, Jeonju, Republic of Korea; and Department of Neurology (U.J.K.), Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY.

Objective: To determine whether CSF biomarkers can be used as a predictor of freezing of gait (FOG) in Parkinson disease (PD) and to investigate the predictive value of clinical, dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging, and CSF parameters both separately and in combination.

Methods: This study using the PPMI data included 393 patients with newly diagnosed PD without FOG at baseline. We evaluated CSF for β-amyloid 1-42 (Aβ), α-synuclein, total tau, phosphorylated tau, and the calculated ratio of Aβ to total tau at baseline. Read More

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November 2018

Variability of spatiotemporal gait parameters in children with and without Down syndrome during treadmill walking.

Gait Posture 2018 Nov 27;68:207-212. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Kinesiology and Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA; Center for Movement & Rehabilitation Research, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Increasing walking speed and including bilateral external ankle load have been shown to improve aspects of the gait pattern of children with Down syndrome (DS). However, it is unknown if speed and ankle load improves the cycle-to-cycle variability in a similar way.

Research Question: How do changes of walking speed and external ankle load impact spatiotemporal variability during treadmill walking in children with and without DS?

Methods: Thirteen children with DS (aged 7-10 years) and thirteen age- and sex-matched typically developing (TD) children participated in this study. Read More

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November 2018

The effects of alignment of an articulated ankle-foot orthosis on lower limb joint kinematics and kinetics during gait in individuals post-stroke.

J Biomech 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Physical Therapy and Athletic Training, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Mechanical tuning of an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) is important in improving gait in individuals post-stroke. Alignment and resistance are two factors that are tunable in articulated AFOs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of changing AFO ankle alignment on lower limb joint kinematics and kinetics with constant dorsiflexion and plantarflexion resistance in individuals post-stroke. Read More

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November 2018

Walking through the looking glass: Adapting gait patterns with mirror feedback.

J Biomech 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, College of Health and Human Performance, University of Florida, 1864 Stadium Rd, P.O. Box 118205, Gainesville, FL 32611, United States. Electronic address:

Clinical locomotor research seeks to facilitate adaptation or retention of new walking patterns by providing feedback. Within a split-belt treadmill paradigm, sagittal plane feedback improves adaptation but does not affect retention. Representation of error in this manner is cognitively demanding. Read More

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November 2018

Bipedal gait versatility in the Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata).

J Hum Evol 2018 Dec 28;125:2-14. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Science of Motion, Friedrich-Schiller-University, 07749 Jena, Germany.

It was previously believed that, among primates, only humans run bipedally. However, there is now growing evidence that at least some non-human primates can not only run bipedally but can also generate a running gait with an aerial phase. Japanese macaques trained for bipedal performances have been known to exhibit remarkable bipedal locomotion capabilities, but no aerial-phase running has previously been reported. Read More

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December 2018

Benthic walking, bounding, and maneuvering in flatfishes (Pleuronectiformes: Pleuronectidae): New vertebrate gaits.

Zoology (Jena) 2018 Oct 17;130:19-29. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University Museum of Vertebrates, Corson Hall, 215 Tower Rd., Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14853, USA. Electronic address:

Video-based observations of voluntary movements reveal that six species of pleuronectid flatfishes use sequential portions of long-based dorsal and anal fins as "feet" (hereafter, fin-feet) to move on the substrate. All six species used a gait that we term "walking," which produced constant forward movement, and several of these species also used a second gait that we call "bounding" for intermittent movements over the substrate. We selected Pacific Sand Sole, Psettichthys melanostictus, and English Sole, Parophrys vetulus, for kinematic analyses of these two gaits. Read More

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October 2018

Exploring bedside clinical features of parkinsonism: A focus on differential diagnosis.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Center for Neurological Restoration, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

The proper diagnosis of parkinsonian disorders usually involves three steps: identifying core features of parkinsonism; excluding other causes; and collating supportive evidence based on clinical signs or investigations. While the recognition of cardinal parkinsonian features is usually straightforward, the appreciation of clinical features suggestive of specific parkinsonian disorders can be challenging, and often requires greater experience and skills. In this review, we outline the clinical features that are relevant to the differential diagnosis of common neurodegenerative parkinsonian disorders, including Parkinson's disease, multiple system atrophy, progressive supranuclear palsy, and corticobasal degeneration. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Acute-Onset Ataxia and Transient Cerebellar Diffusion Restriction Associated with a PRRT2 Mutation.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Neurology Department, Bicêtre Hospital, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, (AP-HP), Paris, France.

PRRT2 gene mutations cause paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD), infantile convulsions, hemiplegic migraine, and episodic ataxia. A 21-year-old woman reported an episode of dizziness and ataxic gait occurring after swimming. Brain MRI showed a hyperintense cerebellar lesion on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with decreased apparent diffusion coefficient. Read More

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November 2018

The effects of dual task gait and balance training in Parkinson's disease: a systematic review.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Dec 3:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

a Laboratory of Motor Behavior, School of Physical Education and Sport , University of São Paulo , São Paulo , Brazil.

In patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), the ability to perform simultaneous tasks may be impaired. However, there is no consensus as to whether the strategy of use dual task (DT) should be used with PD patients during gait and balance training because DT can increase the risk of falls. Therefore, it is necessary to critically analyze the relevant studies and evaluate the indications for the use of DT and its effects as a therapeutic strategy. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of Aging on Lower Extremity Sagittal Plane Variability During 5 Essential Sub-phases of Stance in Male Recreational Runners.

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018 Nov 30:1-29. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Nike Sport Research Lab, Nike INC, Beaverton, OR.

Study Design: Cross-sectional design.

Background: Inter-joint coordination variability measures the ability of the human system to regulate multiple movement strategies. Normal aging may reduce variability resulting in a less adaptive system. Read More

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November 2018

Influence of Parkinson's Disease on Judging Stair Step Height: Exploratory Study.

Percept Mot Skills 2018 Nov 30:31512518814608. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

1 Posture and Gait Studies Laboratory, Institute of Biosciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil.

This study investigated the effects of Parkinson's Disease (PD) on the perceptive judgment of stair step height using both exteroceptive visual and exproprioceptive judgments. We invited 14 individuals with PD and 14 neurologically healthy older adults (OA) to perform perceptual judgment tasks for first step stairway heights of 11 and 20 cm. Initially, participants performed first the exteroceptive visual judgment and then the exproprioceptive judgment in five randomized trials for each stair height. Read More

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November 2018

Measuring Dynamic Leg Length during Normal Gait.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Nov 29;18(12). Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa 3498838, Israel.

Dynamic leg length [DLL] is a resultant factor of anatomic leg length and lower limb movement that is measured by the distance from the hip to the heel, ankle, and forefoot during the gait cycle. The aim of this study was to present DLL measurement during normal gait. Forty healthy participants underwent a gait evaluation using a motion analysis system. Read More

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November 2018

Muscular tension significantly affects stability in standing posture.

Gait Posture 2018 Nov 28;68:220-226. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Universitat Pompeu Fabra, BCN MedTech, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Muscular co-contraction is a strategy commonly used by elders with the aim to increase stability. However, co-contraction leads to stiffness which in turns reduces stability. Some literature seems to suggest an opposite approach and to point out relaxation as a way to improve stability. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Haptic information provided by anchors and the presence of cognitive tasks contribute separately to reducing postural sway in young adults.

Gait Posture 2018 Nov 28;68:213-219. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Graduate Program in Rehabilitation and Functional Performance, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Brazil; School of Physical Education and Sport of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Haptic information provided by the anchors reduces postural sway while standing upright. It is unclear whether this benefit would remain in the presence of cognitive tasks combined with a more challenging postural task.

Research Question: Our aim was to investigate the effects of the anchors and visual and auditory cognitive tasks on postural control in young adults in a challenging balancing task. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Effect of Balance Training After Hip Fracture Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Studies.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea.

Background: Although balance impairment after hip fracture surgery (HFS) can constitute a long-term problem of limiting mobility and increasing the risk of falls in older adults, little is known about the effect of balance training (BT) on physical functioning after HFS. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate whether BT improved the overall physical functioning of patients after HFS.

Methods: We searched the PubMed-Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases in January 2018 and included all randomized controlled trials comparing BT with usual care after HFS. Read More

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December 2018

Diagnostic validity of biomarkers in Parkinson's Disease: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 Nov-Dec;71(6):3074-3083

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Objective: To identify biomarkers for Parkinson's disease, cerebrospinal fluid, blood, saliva, and urine.

Method: The studies were collected from the Cochrane, LILACS, PubMed, SCOPUS, WEB OF SCIENCE, OpenGrey, ProQuest and Google Scholar databases starting from May 3, 2016 and updated on March 20, 2017. Twenty-two studies were evaluated, by the Quality Assessment Tool for Diagnostic Accuracy Studies and Review Manager 5. Read More

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December 2017
1 Read

Effects of selective strengthening of tibialis posterior and stretching of iliopsoas on navicular drop, dynamic balance, and lower limb muscle activity in pronated feet: A randomized clinical trial.

Phys Sportsmed 2018 Dec 5:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

b Rehabilitation Research Chair, College of Applied Medical Sciences , King Saud University , Riyadh , Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: Flexibility and strength are compromised in pronated feet, which could in turn lead to alteration of the dynamic balance and muscle activity in the lower extremities. This study aimed to analyze the effects of selective tibialis posterior strengthening and iliopsoas stretching on navicular drop, dynamic balance, and lower limb muscle activity in young adults with pronated feet.

Methods: Twenty-eight participants with pronated feet were randomly assigned to either the stretching and strengthening group (n = 14) or the conventional exercise group (n = 14). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Feasibility and effectiveness of repetitive gait training early after stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Rehabil Med 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, University of Antwerp, , 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium.

Background: Pre-clinical evidence suggests a period early after stroke during which the brain is most receptive to rehabilitation, if it is provided as high-dose motor training.

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of repetitive gait training within the first 3 months post-stroke and the effects on gait-specific outcomes.

Methods: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Rehab Data and PEDro databases were searched systematically. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Functional Outcomes Following Treatment for Clubfoot: Ten-Year Follow-up.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2018 Dec;100(23):2015-2023

Movement Science Lab (K.A.J., A.L.E., and W.R.S.) and Department of Orthopaedics (L.A.K.), Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children, Dallas, Texas.

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess function, at the age of 10 years, of children initially treated nonoperatively for clubfoot with either the Ponseti or French physiotherapy program and to compare outcomes in feet that had undergone only nonoperative treatment with those that required subsequent surgery.

Methods: Gait analysis, isokinetic ankle strength, parent-reported outcomes, and daily step activity data were collected when patients who had been treated for idiopathic clubfoot reached the age of 10 years. Patients who had undergone only nonoperative treatment were compared with those who subsequently underwent extra-articular surgery or intra-articular surgery (posterior release or posteromedial release). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Levodopa/Carbidopa Intestinal Gel Infusion Therapy: Focus on Gait and Balance.

Mov Disord Clin Pract 2018 Sep-Oct;5(5):542-545. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Neurology Department Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Arcispedale Sant'Anna, Cona Ferrara Italy.

Background: Gait and balance disorders in advanced Parkinson's disease (aPD) heavily impact the disease burden. In this prospective observational open-label study, our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) infusion on balance and gait over a long-term follow-up.

Methods: The motor status of 15 aPD patients with balance and gait symptoms was assessed with UPDRS (I-IV) and H&Y at baseline in OFF and ON conditions, and after 52 weeks of LCIG infusion. Read More

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October 2018

The 10-year Landscape of United States-Registered Parkinson Disease Clinical Trials: 2007-2016.

Mov Disord Clin Pract 2018 Sep-Oct;5(5):512-518. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Neurology University of Michigan Ann Arbor MI.

Background: We know little about how well the goals and results of clinical trials in Parkinson disease (PD) reflect the priorities of patients and the broader PD community.

Objectives: We conducted a review of registered trials on http://clincialtrials.gov from 2007 to 2016 to explore whether PD trials have moved closer to the therapeutic priority goals articulated by the PD community. Read More

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October 2018

Comparison of the human-exosuit interaction using ankle moment and ankle positive power inspired walking assistance.

J Biomech 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.

Previous ankle exoskeleton assistance techniques that were able to demonstrate metabolic reductions can be categorized into those that delivered moment profiles similar to the biological ankle moment throughout the stance phase, and others that delivered positive power only during push off. Both assistance techniques and a powered-off condition were compared in treadmill walking (1.5 m s) with a soft exosuit. Read More

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November 2018

Kinematic and Kinetic Patterns Related to Free-Walking in Parkinson's Disease.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 1;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Neuroimaging Laboratory, Division of Neurosciences, CIMA University of Navarra, Applied Medical Research, 31008 Pamplona, Spain.

The aim of this study is to compare the properties of free-walking at a natural pace between mild Parkinson's disease (PD) patients during the ON-clinical status and two control groups. In-shoe pressure-sensitive insoles were used to quantify the temporal and force characteristics of a 5-min free-walking in 11 PD patients, in 16 young healthy controls, and in 12 age-matched healthy controls. Inferential statistics analyses were performed on the kinematic and kinetic parameters to compare groups' performances, whereas feature selection analyses and automatic classification were used to identify the signature of parkinsonian gait and to assess the performance of group classification, respectively. Read More

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December 2018

Soft-Material-Based Smart Insoles for a Gait Monitoring System.

Materials (Basel) 2018 Nov 30;11(12). Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Medical IT Engineering, Soonchunhyang University, Asan 31538, Korea.

Spatiotemporal analysis of gait pattern is meaningful in diagnosing and prognosing foot and lower extremity musculoskeletal pathologies. Wearable smart sensors enable continuous real-time monitoring of gait, during daily life, without visiting clinics and the use of costly equipment. The purpose of this study was to develop a light-weight, durable, wireless, soft-material-based smart insole (SMSI) and examine its range of feasibility for real-time gait pattern analysis. Read More

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November 2018

Comparison of Different Algorithms for Calculating Velocity and Stride Length in Running Using Inertial Measurement Units.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Nov 30;18(12). Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Machine Learning and Data Analytics Lab, Department of Computer Science, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), 91052 Erlangen, Germany.

Running has a positive impact on human health and is an accessible sport for most people. There is high demand for tracking running performance and progress for amateurs and professionals alike. The parameters velocity and distance are thereby of main interest. Read More

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November 2018

Boiterie de l’enfant. Deux urgences : l’infection et l’épiphysiolyse.

Rev Prat 2015 Nov;65(9):1151-1154

Service d'orthopédie pédiatrique, hôpital des Enfants, Toulouse, France.

Limping in children. Limping is a frequent referral in children. Several types of limping have been described. Read More

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November 2015

Older adults exhibit variable responses in stepping behaviour following unexpected forward perturbations during gait initiation.

Hum Mov Sci 2018 Dec 1;63:120-128. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Canada; Schlegel-UW Research Institute for Aging, Kitchener, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

With the socioeconomic burden associated with falls expected to rise as the average age of the Canadian population increases, research is needed to elucidate the nature of postural responses generated by older adults (OA) following a posture-destabilizing event. This knowledge is even more imperative for novel and difficult tasks, such as gait initiation (GI), a task known to pose a postural threat to stability for OA. A common technique to regain stability following an unexpected perturbation is reactive stepping. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Systematic differences of gluteal muscle activation during overground and treadmill walking in healthy older adults.

J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2018 Nov 29;44:56-63. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Experimental Rheumatology Unit, Department of Orthopedics, Jena University Hospital, Waldkliniken GmbH, Deutsches Zentrum für Orthopädie, 07607 Eisenberg, Germany.

Guteal muscle activation during walkway and treadmill walking was compared by means of Surface EMG (SEMG). Healthy older adults (50-75 years, n = 54; 29 females, 25 males) walked on a walkway (WW) at their self-selected slow, normal, and fast walking speeds and on a treadmill (TM) at 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 km/h. Subject-individual, best-matched speed pairs were constituted and named SLOW, NORMAL, and FAST. Read More

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November 2018
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