749,963 results match your criteria Future Microbiology[Journal]
J Public Health Dent 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.
Objectives: This study explored the association of children's salivary characteristics, past caries experience, birth weight, and reported maternal prenatal vitamin and mineral supplementation with the dental untreated decay of the child.
Methods: This cross-sectional study, a sub-study of Griffith University Environments for Healthy Living birth cohort study, was conducted on 174 mother-child dyads. Mother's prenatal usage of vitamin and mineral supplements; child's birthweight; salivary pH, buffering capacity, and levels of salivary MS and LB were explored as risk indicators. Read More
Z Orthop Unfall 2018 Dec 14;156(6):685-691. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Klinik und Poliklinik für Orthopädie und Sportorthopädie, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München.
In addition to their outstanding significance in the field of tumor orthopaedics, megaprostheses are becoming increasingly important for revision arthroplasty. Despite their wide application, the reported complication and failure rates remain high. The analysis of failure mechanisms roughly allows a breakdown into mechanical and non-mechanical causes; soft-tissue failure, loosening and periprosthetic infection play outstanding roles. Read More
Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.
Objective: To estimate the association between antenatal depression and spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) relative to medically indicated preterm birth (MPTB).
Study Design: This was a secondary analysis of a nested case-control study of preterm birth (PTB). The exposure was a clinical diagnosis of antenatal depression. Read More
Ann Work Expo Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Volatile organic chemical exposure resulting from surgical operations is common in operating room personnel. The potential risk of long-term exposure to these low-level chemicals is always a concern. This study was conducted in an area hospital located in northern Taiwan to investigate the internal exposure scenario for operating room personnel. Read More
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Dec;59(15):5912-5923
Dr. Nasser Al-Rashid Orbital Vision Research Center, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, McKnight Vision Research Center, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, United States.
Purpose: We characterize the effect of bimatoprost on orbital adipose tissue in thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) with clinicopathologic correlation.
Methods: Orbital adipose-derived stem cells (OASCs) from types 1 and 2 TAO and control patients with and without exposure to 1 μm bimatoprost were examined via immunohistochemistry, RT-PCR, and Western blot for cell viability, migration capacity, lipid content, adipocyte morphology, mitochondrial content, and levels of adipogenic markers. A retrospective chart review was performed for clinicopathologic correlation. Read More
Neurosurgery 2019 Jan;84(1):E1-E2
Department of Neurological Surgery University of Miami Miller School of Medicine Miami, Florida.
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Medicine and Aged Care, @AgeMelbourne, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Background: Approximately 10% of older adults is annually admitted to a hospital. Hospitalisation is associated with a higher risk of falls and mortality after discharge. This study aimed to identify predictors at admission for falls and mortality three months post-discharge in hospitalised older patients. Read More
Schizophr Bull 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN.
Objective: Embodied emotions arise from interoceptive and somatosensory processes, and are essential to the development of a stable sense of self. Emotional embodiment is therefore inherently interwoven with our sense of bodily self-awareness, and allows us to navigate complex social situations. Given that the core feature of schizophrenia (SZ) is characterized by the presence of bodily self-disturbances and social-emotional deficits, we hypothesized that embodiment of emotion would be disrupted in SZ. Read More
J Pediatr Psychol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Oklahoma State University.
Objective: The objective of this study is to examine parent and youth appraisals of illness uncertainty as potential serial mediators in the relation between disease severity and youth depressive symptoms in adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Methods: Participants were 85 adolescents 13-18 years of age (Mage = 15.75, SD =1. Read More
J Hist Med Allied Sci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of History, University of Rochester.
Gerald Grob's work in the history of psychiatry over the course of almost fifty years created a model for how historians might successfully situate mental health in its social and political context, and how inseparable it was from this context. Over the last twenty years, the field has grown tremendously. Historians have incorporated categories of analysis like gender and race, methodologies like cultural history and intellectual history, and sought to continue Grob's quest to understand American mental health history as a critical component of American history writ large. Read More
Phys Ther Sport 2018 Dec 5;35:127-132. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Research Institute for Sport and Exercise University of Canberra, Building 1, 11 Kirinari Street, Bruce, ACT, 2617, Australia. Electronic address:
Objective: Investigate the patterns and circumstances of shoulder injury, in both male and female sub-elite water polo players, through evaluating the injury incidence, mechanism and subsequent training time lost.
Design: Retrospective cohort.
Setting: Sports institute. Read More
Biosens Bioelectron 2018 Nov 25;126:707-724. Epub 2018 Nov 25.
Department of Zoology, M.D. University, Rohtak 124001, India.
Creatinine is a metabolic product of creatine phosphate in muscles, which provides energy to muscle tissues. Creatinine has been considered as indicator of renal function specifically after dialysis, thyroid malfunction and muscle damage. The normal level of creatinine in the serum and its excretion through urine in apparently healthy individuals is 45-140 μM and 0. Read More
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 2018 Nov 29;63:6-11. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
VU University Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Background And Objectives: Comorbidity among anxiety and depression disorders and their symptoms is high. Rumination and worry have been found to mediate prospective cross-disorder relations between anxiety and depression disorders and their symptoms in adolescents and adults. We examined whether generic repetitive negative thinking (RNT), that is content- and disorder-independent, also mediates prospective cross-disorder associations between anxiety and depressions disorders and their symptoms. Read More
Biomaterials 2018 Dec 10;193:12-21. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
CAS Key Laboratory for Biomedical Effects of Nanomaterials and Nanosafety, CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, National Center for Nanoscience and Technology of China, Beijing 100190, PR China. Electronic address:
Nanosized drug delivery systems (nDDS) have been extensively exploited to achieve improved therapeutic performance of chemotherapeutic drugs in cancer treatment. Carrier-free nanodrugs have recently emerged as a promising generation of nDDS. In this work, a carrier-free theranostic nanodrug was fabricated by incorporating near-infrared (NIR) emission AIEgens (NPAPF) with redox responsive camptothecin-gemcitabine amphiphilic prodrug (CPT-ss-GEM) to form self-assembled nanoparticles (NCssG NPs). Read More
J Proteomics 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Laboratory of Evolutionary and Adaptive Physiology - Institute of Life, Earth and Environment - University of Namur, 61 Rue de Bruxelles, B5000 Namur, Belgium.
Early-life represents a critically sensitive window to endocrine disrupting chemicals, potentially leading to long-term repercussions on the phenotype later in life. The mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, referred to as the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD), are still poorly understood. To gain molecular understanding of these effects, we exposed mangrove rivulus (Kryptolebias marmoratus) for 28 days post hatching (dph) to 4 and 120 ng/L 17-α-ethinylestradiol, a model xenoestrogen. Read More
Mol Immunol 2018 Dec 11;105:190-197. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
US Naval Research Laboratory, Center for Biomolecular Science and Engineering, 4555 Overlook Ave SW, Washington, DC 20375, USA. Electronic address:
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne alphavirus that causes an arthralgia febrile illness that has affected millions of people on three continents. Previously, neutralizing monoclonal antibodies that have prophylactic and therapeutic activity were found to remove virus in joint tissues, thereby reducing the severity of symptoms in mice and non-human primates. In this study, we sought to develop thermostable small recombinant antibodies against CHIKV for future diagnostic, prophylactic and therapeutic applications. Read More
Pharmacol Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Animal Science & Technology and BET Research Institute, Chung-Ang University, Anseong, Gyeonggi-do, 17546, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
With the continued increase in global human population, diverse contraception approaches have become increasingly essential, including non-hormonal male contraception. Non-hormonal approaches to contraception are very convenient; however, such options are limited because data regarding the identification and characterization of tissue/cell-specific targets and appropriate small molecule candidate contraceptives are lacking. Based on in-silico studies of genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics, performed by mining datasets in PubMed, we first reviewed testis-, epididymis-, and germline cell-specific genes/proteins, with the aim of presenting evidence that many of these could become 'druggable' targets for the development of non-hormonal male contraceptives in the future. Read More
Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, United States; VA Portland Health Care System, Portland, OR. United States. Electronic address:
Sensory gating, the ability to suppress sensory information of irrelevant stimuli, is affected in several neuropsychiatric diseases, notably schizophrenia and autism. It is currently unclear how these deficits interact with other hallmark symptoms of these disorders, such as social withdrawal and difficulty with interpersonal relationships. The highly affiliative prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster) may be an ideal model organism to study the neurobiology underlying social behavior. Read More
Nurse Educ Today 2018 Dec 7;73:83-87. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Case Western Reserve University, United States of America. Electronic address:
Background: Despite growing demand for home care nursing, there is a growing home care workforce shortage, due in part to hospital-centric nursing curricula that lead students to undervalue of home care and community practice setting (Van Iersel et al., 2018a, 2018b).
Objectives: Articulate an international vision for the future of home care education, research, practice, and management shared by experienced home care nurses working in leadership roles. Read More
J Control Release 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
Noncovalent forces are of considerable importance in the formation of self-assembled drug-delivery systems. In addition to non-destructively linking the delivery vehicle and guest drug, they provide multiple advantages, including protecting the structure of the drug, maintaining its functional effects, and facilitating its release. In particular, π-π stacking interactions have potential application in a comprehensive range of biomedical and biotechnological fields. Read More
Brain Behav Immun 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, 37232-2650, USA.
Background: Prenatal life stress exposure is linked to dysregulated immune function and chronic inflammatory disease in offspring, but we know little about its effects on infant immune response during viral infection.
Method: To address this issue, we examined associations between prenatal life stress exposure and infant upper-airway inflammatory markers during acute respiratory infection (ARI) using data from a prospective, population-based birth-cohort study (N=180). Infant inflammation was measured as a continuous latent factor within a structural equation modeling framework using nasal wash concentrations of interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α. Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 28;657:548-557. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
EcoLab - Laboratoire Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Environnement, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, INPT, UPS, 31000 Toulouse, France.
Cores (15 to 40 cm of depth) were collected from 11 lakes of the Songnen Plain in northeastern China to reconstruct changes in potentially harmful trace element (PHTE) inputs as tracers of human activities. In each profile, most PHTE enrichment factors do not differ significantly from the pre-industrial values (EF < 1.5), except for Cd (EF = 2-5. Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 28;657:498-508. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Sichuan Climate Centre, Chengdu 610071, China.
The alpine wetlands on the Tibetan Plateau (TP) are ecosystems vulnerable to global climate change. It has been recognized that future climate change may have a significant impact on methane (CH) emissions from the plateau, while less attention has been paid to predicting temporal and spatial variations in CH emissions from TP natural wetlands. In this study, we used an integrated model framework based on the CH4MOD, TOPMODEL and TEM models to predict CH emissions from potential natural wetlands on the TP under IPCC AR5 scenarios from 2006 to 2100. Read More
Water Res 2018 Dec 5;150:368-379. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Pennine Water Group, Department of Civil & Structural Engineering, University of Sheffield, Mappin Street, Sheffield, S1 3JD, UK.
This paper aims to stimulate discussion based on the experiences derived from the QUICS project (Quantifying Uncertainty in Integrated Catchment Studies). First it briefly discusses the current state of knowledge on uncertainties in sub-models of integrated catchment models and the existing frameworks for analysing uncertainty. Furthermore, it compares the relative approaches of both building and calibrating fully integrated models or linking separate sub-models. Read More
J Pain Symptom Manage 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
School of Nursing, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Q4059, Australia; Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, 2 Koret Way - N631Y, San Francisco, CA 94143-0610.
Context: Financial toxicity (FT) is used to describe the financial distress/hardship associated with cancer and its treatment.
Objectives: The aim of this review was to explore the relationship between FT and symptom burden.
Method: A systematic review was performed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Read More
J Pain Symptom Manage 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Division of Palliative Care, Dept of Medicine, University of Ottawa; Ottawa, ON, Canada; Bruyère Continuing Care; Ottawa, ON, Canada; Bruyère Research Institute; Ottawa, ON, Canada; Ottawa Hospital Research Institute; Ottawa, ON, Canada.
Context: Based on the clinical care pathway of delirium in palliative care (PC), a published analytic framework (AF) formulated research questions in key domains and recommended a scoping review to identify evidence gaps.
Objectives: To produce a literature map for key domains of the published AF: screening; prognosis and diagnosis; management and the health-related outcomes.
Methods: A standard scoping review framework was used by an interdisciplinary study team of nurse and physician delirium researchers, an information specialist and review methodologists to conduct the review. Read More
Eur J Med Genet 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
King's College London, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Palliative Care, London, United Kingdom; Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
Within the field of breast cancer care, women concerned about their family history are offered genetic testing and subsequent treatment options based on several factors which include but are not limited to personal and family cancer disease histories and clinical guidelines. Discussions around decision-making in genetics in Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups are rarely documented in literature, and information regarding interactions with genetics services is usually discussed and linked to lack of scientific knowledge. As such, counselling sessions based only on scientific and medical information miss out the many reasons participants consider in making health decisions, information which can be used to encourage BME women to engage in cancer genetics services. Read More
J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Desporto, Porto, Portugal.
Objective: Children's differences in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels are not at random. This study investigates the relevance of individual- and school-level characteristics in explaining these differences.
Methods: In total, 307 children (154 girls) aged 5-10 years, from 19 Portuguese schools, were sampled. Read More
Am J Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, Morsani College of Medicine 12901 Bruce B. Downs Blvd. Tampa, FL 33612.
The maternal cardiovascular system undergoes profound changes to support the increasing demands of fetal growth during pregnancy. An accumulating body of evidence has shown that common pregnancy complications, including gestational diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, low birth weight, and preterm delivery, can be associated with future cardiovascular adverse events in mothers. Factors such as glucose metabolism, hyperlipidemia, inflammatory markers, large and small vessel stiffness/functionality have been linked with these pregnancy conditions. Read More
Surv Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
Vernal keratoconjunctivitis, a chronic, bilateral, seasonal allergic inflammatory disease of the eye, is an important cause of visual debilitation and impairment of quality of life in children and young adults in certain parts of the world such as the Mediterranean areas, Central and West Africa, the Middle East, Japan, the Indian subcontinent, and South America. It usually has a self-limiting course; however, in a few cases the disease is recurrent and leads to long-term visual disabling complications like keratoconus and limbal stem cell deficiency. The main pathogenic mechanism is IgE mediated; however, there may be non-IgE and certain non-specific hypersensitivity mechanisms. Read More
Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden; email:
One-session treatment is a well-established evidence-based treatment for specific phobias in youths that incorporates reinforcement, cognitive challenges, participant modeling, psychoeducation, and skills training into a single, massed session of graduated exposure. This review begins by briefly examining the phenomenology, etiology, epidemiology, and assessment of specific phobias and then pivots to a description of One-Session Treatment. We examine the use of One-Session Treatment with children and adolescents, briefly discussing its components and application, and subsequently review almost two decades of research supporting its efficacy. Read More
IUBMB Life 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Vascular Biology Laboratory, JM USDA-HNRCA at Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts.
α-Tocopherol is the only tocopherol that has been shown to prevent the human deficiency disease Ataxia with Isolated Vitamin E Deficiency (AVED), and thus it is the only one that, for humans, can be called vitamin E. Vitamin E in addition to preventing AVED has documented immune boosting properties and an activity against nonalcoholic hepatosteatosis and low-grade inflammation. Epidemiological studies indicating that vitamin E could prevent cardiovascular events, neurodegenerative disease, macular degeneration, and cancer were in general not confirmed by clinical intervention studies. Read More
Dig Endosc 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Division of Upper GI and Metabolic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Institute of Digestive Disease.
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is technically challenging due to lack of depth perception. This report investigated effect of 3D endoscope for ESD and translate the technique from bench to clinical. In preclinical porcine experiment, the performance of ESD using 3D endoscope was compared between experienced and novice endoscopist. Read More
Obes Rev 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
The Staffordshire Centre for Psychological Research and Centre for Health Psychology, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.
Childhood obesity is a global health concern, which has both short- and long-term health consequences for the individual, and is a potential burden on health care services and the wider economy. The school environment is a setting where changes can be applied to dietary behaviours, as schools have direct and intensive contact with children. This systematic review evaluated school-based interventions designed to improve dietary behaviours among adolescents (11- to 16-year-olds). Read More
PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0209434. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
National Distance Education University (UNED), Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Madrid, Spain.
The present study analyzes the relationship between three distal antecedents-financial literacy, confidence in retirement, and economic well-being-and financial planning for retirement evaluated at two different times. We used longitudinal data with repeated measures of financial planning for retirement obtained from a sample (N = 269) of active Spanish workers aged 45-62 years. The results confirm that self-perceived financial knowledge, confidence in retirement, and economic well-being are associated with financial planning for retirement at three and six months. Read More
PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0207717. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, United States of America.
We determined the number of permits for oil and gas activities in 14 coastal Louisiana parishes from 1900 to 2017, compared them to land loss on this coast, and estimated their restoration potential. A total of 76,247 oil and gas recovery wells were permitted, of which 35,163 (46%) were on land (as of 2010) and 27,483 of which are officially abandoned. There is a direct spatial and temporal relationship between the number of these permits and land loss, attributable to the above and belowground changes in hydrology resulting from the dredged material levees placed parallel to the canal (spoil banks). Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 14;12(12):e0007011. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.
The effectiveness of rabies vaccination in both humans and animals is determined by the presence of virus neutralizing antibodies (VNAs). The Rapid Fluorescent Focus Inhibition Test (RFFIT) is the method traditionally used for detection and quantification of VNAs. It is a functional in vitro test for assessing the ability of antibodies in serum to bind and prevent infection of cultured cells with rabies virus (RABV). Read More
PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0209382. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Neurorehabilitation Research Center, Kio University, Nara, Japan.
Mechanical and electrical noise stimulation to the body is known to improve the sensorimotor system. This improvement is related to stochastic resonance (SR), a phenomenon described as a "noise benefit" to various sensory and motor systems. The current study investigated the influence of SR on visuomotor temporal integration and hand motor function under delayed visual feedback in healthy young adults. Read More
PLoS Comput Biol 2018 Dec 14;14(12):e1006652. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, United States of America.
Mechanical stimulation of the healing tendon is thought to regulate scar anisotropy and strength and is relatively easy to modulate through physical therapy. However, in vivo studies of various loading protocols in animal models have produced mixed results. To integrate and better understand the available data, we developed a multiscale model of rat Achilles tendon healing that incorporates the effect of changes in the mechanical environment on fibroblast behavior, collagen deposition, and scar formation. Read More
PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0208082. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Statistics, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States of America.
Predicting health outcomes from longitudinal health histories is of central importance to healthcare. Observational healthcare databases such as patient diary databases provide a rich resource for patient-level predictive modeling. In this paper, we propose a Bayesian hierarchical vector autoregressive (VAR) model to predict medical and psychological conditions using multivariate time series data. Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 14;12(12):e0006984. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States of America.
Human rabies is an encephalitic disease transmitted by animals infected with lyssaviruses. The most common lyssavirus that causes human infection is rabies virus (RABV), the prototypic member of the genus. The incubation period of RABV in humans varies from few weeks to several months in some instances. Read More
Anesth Analg 2019 Jan;128(1):5-7
Section for Surgical Pathophysiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Hepatology and Liver Transplant Unit, Department of Medical Area (DAME).
Objectives: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is adopted to treat refractory complications of portal hypertension, such as variceal bleeding and ascites. This study aimed to assess predictors of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) development and cumulative transplant-free survival after TIPS placement in patients with cirrhosis complicated by refractory ascites and major gastroesophageal bleeding.
Materials And Methods: Sixty-three cirrhotic patients who underwent TIPS positioning as a secondary prophylaxis of major upper gastroesophageal bleeding (N=30) or to control refractory ascites (N=33) were enrolled. Read More
Curr Opin Urol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg - Medical Centre, Freiburg, Germany.
J Thorac Imaging 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Center for Medical Imaging North-East Netherlands (CMI-NEN), University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen.
Lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease are highly prevalent in the general population and expected to cause most deaths by 2050. For these "Big-3," treatment might cure, delay, or stop the progression of disease at a very early stage. Lung nodule growth rate (a biomarker for lung cancer), emphysema/air trapping (a biomarker for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), and coronary artery calcification (a biomarker for cardiovascular disease) are imaging biomarkers of early stages of the Big-3 that can be acquired with low-dose computed tomography (CT). Read More
Psychol Aging 2018 Dec;33(8):1215-1222
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Temple University.
Subtle changes in everyday tasks precede and predict future disability in older adults. Eye tracking may provide a sensitive tool for detecting subtle disruption of everyday task performance and informing the mechanism(s) of breakdown. We tracked eye movements of healthy older adults (OA, n = 24) and younger adults (YA, n = 25) while they passively viewed a naturalistic scene (Passive Viewing condition) and then verbally reported the necessary steps for achieving a task goal (e. Read More
Dev Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Carolina Population Center, Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
The goal of this article was to examine gender-typed behavior longitudinally and to consider its relationship with sexual orientation in adulthood. Data were from 10,624 respondents who completed Wave 1 (adolescence), Wave 3 (emerging adulthood), and Wave 4 (early adulthood) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. First, we described the distributions of gender-typed behavior by adult sexual orientation at each of the three developmental stages. Read More
J Fam Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Reports an error in "Marriage improves neuroticism in Chinese newlyweds: Communication and marital affect as mediators" by Wei Tong, Ping Li, Nan Zhou, Qiong He, Xiaoyan Ju, Jing Lan, Xiaomin Li and Xiaoyi Fang (, 2018[Oct], Vol 32, 986-991). In the original article, a funding source was unintentionally omitted from the author note. The omitted acknowledgement should have read "This research was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China Grant 31571157 to Xiaoyi Fang. Read More
J Appl Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
School of Business Administration.
Although previous research suggests that regulatory focus matters for organizational citizenship behaviors, it is unclear how promotion and prevention focus relate to such behaviors. Integrating regulatory focus theory with theories of self-regulation, we propose a conceptual model that links trait promotion and prevention foci with specific citizenship behaviors through an emotion-related self-regulation mechanism. Using a sample of 227 nurses working in a hospital context, we observed that trait promotion focus and trait prevention focus predict helping and voice via differential effects on emotional exhaustion. Read More
Am Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Department of Psychology.
Using data from 217 research reports (N = 36,071, compared to 3,471 and 5,433 in previous meta-analyses), this meta-analysis investigated the conceptual and methodological conditions under which Implicit Association Tests (IATs) measuring attitudes, stereotypes, and identity correlate with criterion measures of intergroup behavior. We found significant implicit-criterion correlations (ICCs) and explicit-criterion correlations (ECCs), with unique contributions of implicit (β = .14) and explicit measures (β = . Read More