2,305 results match your criteria Frostbite


Supercooled Liquid Serum Physiologic Solution Instantly Crystallized on the Nurse Table Used for Cooling of Periorbital Region During Rhinoplasty.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Institut de Biologie Paris-Seine (IBPS), CNRS, UMR 8256, Inserm ERL U1164, Biological Adaptation and Ageing, Sorbonne Université, 75005, Paris, France.

Introduction: Formation of less periorbital ecchymosis in post-operative period of rhinoplasty is a popular trend. We present the use of instantly crystallizing supercooled serum physiologic solution for periorbital cooling.

Physics Of Supercooling: There are circumstances in which water temperature drops below its freezing point, but no phase transition happens while water remains in the liquid phase. Read More

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December 2018

Update: Cold weather injuries, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, July 2013-June 2018.

Authors:

MSMR 2018 Nov;25(11):10-17

From July 2017 through June 2018, a total of 478 members of the active (n=402) and reserve (n=76) components had at least one medical encounter with a primary diagnosis of cold injury. The crude overall incidence rate of cold injury for all active component service members in 2017-2018 was 19.6% higher than the rate for the 2016-2017 cold season and was the highest rate since the 2013-2014 season. Read More

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November 2018

Variability in peripheral rewarming after cold stress among 255 healthy Norwegian army conscripts assessed by dynamic infrared thermography.

Int J Circumpolar Health 2018 12;77(1):1536250

e Medical Imaging Group, Department of Clinical Medicine , UiT The Arctic University of Norway , Tromsø , Norway.

Exposure to cold climate is an inevitable consequence of military training in Norway. Adequate peripheral microcirculation in the extremities is important to maintain temperature, and to protect against freezing cold injuries. The aim of this study was to investigate the variability in skin rewarming ability. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Evaluation of Prevention Interventions for Taxane-Induced Dermatologic Adverse Events: A Systematic Review.

JAMA Dermatol 2018 Dec;154(12):1465-1472

The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC.

Importance: Chemotherapy-induced alopecia as well as nail and cutaneous changes occur in up to 89% of patients receiving taxane-based chemotherapy and are associated with cosmetic concerns, psychosocial distress, and overall morbidity.

Objective: To review the efficacy and safety of interventions to prevent taxane-induced dermatologic adverse events.

Evidence Review: PubMed and Scopus databases were systematically reviewed for studies published in the English language from January 1, 1980, to August 13, 2018. Read More

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December 2018
7 Reads

The utility of bone scintigraphy with SPECT/CT in the evaluation and management of frostbite injuries.

Br J Radiol 2018 Nov 1:20180545. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

1 Departments of Radiology/Nuclear Medicine, University of Michigan Hospital , Ann Arbor, MI , USA.

Objective:: Frostbite is a localized cold-thermal injury resulting from prolonged exposure of flesh to freezing and near freezing temperatures. The depth and extent of frostbite injuries are not easily assessed, from a clinical standpoint, at the time of injury making it challenging to plan appropriate management and treatment.

Methods:: A review of the literature of management of cold-related injuries and retrospective case review of the imaging and clinical course of frostbite injury. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Pulmonary embolism, frostbite and high-altitude retinopathy - a combination of life- and sight-threatening vascular complications at high altitude.

Scott Med J 2018 Oct 25:36933018807343. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

4 Consultant Eye Surgeon, Cardiff Eye Unit, University Hospital of Wales, UK.

The effects of high altitude on the human vascular system are well described. This case demonstrates an interesting combination of vascular complications at high altitude which were both life- and sight-threatening. In May 2017, during an attempt on Mount Everest, a 58-year-old man was forced to descend from 8000 m because of adverse weather. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads
0.540 Impact Factor

Relation between finger cold-induced vasodilation and rewarming speed after cold exposure.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Behavioural and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: The risk for local cold injuries has been linked to poor cold-induced vasodilation (CIVD) during cold exposure and to poor rewarming after cold exposure. The purpose of this study is to establish the relation between CIVD and rewarming speed.

Methods: Twelve participants immersed one hand in ice water for 30 min to evoke CIVD and the other hand in ice water for 10 min to investigate the rewarming profile. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

Distal limb pathologic conditions in horses treated with sleeve-style digital cryotherapy (285 cases).

Res Vet Sci 2018 Dec 2;121:12-17. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Baker Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States. Electronic address:

Digital cryotherapy (DC) is frequently used as laminitis prophylaxis for horses. While DC with ice-water slurries is reported to be safe for up to 48 h, the safety of sleeve-style digital cryotherapy (SSDC) with ice in direct contact with the distal limb has not been evaluated. Our objective was to determine the incidence of distal limb pathologic conditions (DLPC) among horses treated with SSDC. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

High Altitude Illness: Knowledge, Practice, and Attitudes of Porters in Nepal.

Wilderness Environ Med 2018 Dec 3;29(4):431-436. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Health, Human Performance and Athletics, Linfield College, McMinnville, OR (Dr Peterson).

Introduction: Porters working at high altitude face a number of preventable health risks ranging from frostbite to potentially fatal high-altitude pulmonary and cerebral edema. Porters are often recruited from impoverished low-altitude areas, poorly equipped in terms of protective clothing, and tasked with carrying loads that equal or exceed their body mass to high elevations. Despite a large population of porters working throughout mountainous parts of the world, there is little documentation regarding knowledge levels, attitudes, and practices related to the prevention of altitude illness in this population. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Upper aerodigestive tract frostbite from inhalation of automotive nitrous oxide.

Ear Nose Throat J 2018 Sep;97(9):E13-E14

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Kentucky, 800 Rose St., C-236, Lexington, KY 40536, USA.

Nitrous oxide, a cryogenic gas, may be abused as an inhalant for its euphoric properties. If inhaled, nitrous oxide may cause frostbite to the oral cavity and upper aerodigestive tract, with possible airway compromise due to edema. In this article we describe what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of intentional inhalation of nitrous oxide from an automotive nitrous oxide canister and discuss the management and mechanism of the patient's injury. Read More

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September 2018

Frostbite in the Norwegian Armed Forces.

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2018 09 17;138(14). Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Bakgrunn: Det finnes lite forskning på forekomst av frostskader, både sivilt og militært. Prognosen og tidsforløpet ved slike skader har ikke tidligere vært undersøkt i større kohorter.

Materiale Og Metode: Deltagerne var personer registrert i Forsvarets helseregister med kulde- og frostskade i tidsrommet 1. Read More

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September 2018

The Use of tPA in the Treatment of Frostbite: A Systematic Review.

Hand (N Y) 2018 Sep 19:1558944718800731. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

1 The University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, USA.

Background: The use of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) for the treatment of frostbite has been reported and advocated, but its efficacy has not been well established. We conducted a systematic review to guide physicians on the role of tPA in the treatment of frostbite. Our hypothesis was that the use of tPA improves clinical outcomes, as measured by amputation rate. Read More

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September 2018

Frostbite and Immersion Foot Care.

Mil Med 2018 Sep;183(suppl_2):168-171

Joint Trauma System, 3698 Chambers Pass, Joint Base San Antonio, Fort Sam Houston, TX.

Historically, cold injury, hypothermia, and frostbite have been severe problems for military units on the battlefield. Kenneth D. Orr and David C. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Infrared Thermographic Analysis of Surface Temperature of the Hands During Exposure to Normobaric Hypoxia.

High Alt Med Biol 2018 Aug 22. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

1 Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick , Coventry, United Kingdom .

Jones, Daniel, Samuel F. Covins, Gavin E. Miller, Kenneth I. Read More

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Raynaud's phenomenon in Northern Sweden: a population-based nested case-control study.

Rheumatol Int 2018 Aug 20. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Umeå University, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden.

The aim of this study was to determine the association between individual and external exposure factors, and the reporting of Raynaud's phenomenon, with or without concomitant cold sensitivity. In a population-based nested case-control study, cases with Raynaud's phenomenon (N = 578), and matched controls (N = 1156), were asked to respond to a questionnaire focusing on different risk factors. Univariate and multiple conditional logistic regression were performed. Read More

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Case Report of Frostbite with Delay in Evacuation: Field Use of Iloprost Might Have Improved the Outcome.

High Alt Med Biol 2018 Aug 17. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

1 Orthopaedics Surgery Department, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile , Santiago, Chile .

Irarrázaval, Sebastián, Pablo Besa, Emmanuel Cauchy, Prativa Pandey, and Jorge Vergara. Case report of frostbite with delay in evacuation: field use of iloprost might have improved the outcome. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2018. Read More

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August 2018
4 Reads

Multiregional Utilization of a Mobile Device App for Triage and Transfer of Burn Patients.

J Burn Care Res 2018 Oct;39(6):858-862

Department of Surgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora.

Technology and telehealth have the potential to optimize burn care in areas limited by lack of expertise and geographic distance from a Burn Center. This study reports a multicenter, multiregional experience using a mobile phone app to facilitate triage of patients by allowing referring providers to send encrypted photos, thus enhancing the telephone consultation process. A retrospective review was conducted on referrals from August 2016 to July 2017 at three regional Burn Centers that utilize the same mobile phone app. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Pediatric frostbite: A 10-year single-center retrospective study.

Burns 2018 Nov 30;44(7):1844-1850. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Manitoba Firefighters' Burn Unit, Health Sciences Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; Departments of Surgery and Psychiatry, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: To describe frostbite (freezing cold injured tissue) in children and intrinsic (psychological and behavioral) and extrinsic (meteorological and safety hazard) factors related to the injury.

Methods: Retrospective chart review of children <18 years old referred to a regional pediatric hospital for frostbite, to determine the demographics, environment, and risk factors related to injuries.

Results: 47 patients met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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November 2018

Frostbite Injuries in the Austrian Alps: A Retrospective 11-Year National Registry Study.

High Alt Med Biol 2018 Aug 1. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

5 Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, General Public Hospital of the Brothers of St. John of God Salzburg, Paracelsus Medical University , Salzburg, Austria .

Ströhle, Mathias, Simon Rauch, Philipp Lastei, Monika Brodmann Maeder, Hermann Brugger, and Peter Paal. Frostbite injuries in the Austrian Alps: a retrospective 11-year national registry study. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2018. Read More

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[Necrotizing Fasciitis and Frostbite of the Male External Genitalia : A Case Repor].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2018 Jun;64(6):283-285

The Department of Urology, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine.

We report a case diagnosed as both necrotizing fasciitis and frostbite of the male external genetalia. The patient was a 58-year-old man with diabetes mellitus. He was referred to our hospital with swelling of his penis and icing there for 3 weeks. Read More

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June 2018
2 Reads

Expanded Criteria Donor-Related Hyperkalemia and Postreperfusion Cardiac Arrest During Liver Transplantation: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Ann Transplant 2018 Jul 3;23:450-456. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Division of Liver Transplantation Surgery, Department of Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Liver transplantation (LT) using extended criteria donor (ECD) grafts is frequently associated with a high flush fluid potassium concentration (FFK) and acute hyperkalemia after reperfusion, which puts patients at greater risk of postreperfusion cardiac arrest (PRCA). CASE REPORT Herein, we present a case with an extremely high FFK that was successfully pretreated to avoid the risk of PRCA. A 3-year-old boy with biliary atresia underwent LT from a 623-g donation after brain death liver graft with localized frostbite on the right lobe surface. Read More

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July 2018
11 Reads

Blizzards and Range Cattle: Management Before, During, and After the Storm.

Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2018 Jul;34(2):265-275

Department of Integrated Physiology and Neurosciences, Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary and Biomedical Research Building, Room 205, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-7620, USA.

Numerous factors contribute to the outcome and recovery for range cattle affected by blizzard. Consequences and impact on the producer depend on the timing of the storm relative to the herd's production cycle, access to shelter, duration and intensity of the storm, and post-storm emergency management. Critical planning efforts by the producer include clear animal identification methods, identification of sheltering options, and consideration of animal indemnity and insurance requirements. Read More

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July 2018
8 Reads

Frostbite in the United States: An Examination of the National Burn Repository and National Trauma Data Bank.

J Burn Care Res 2018 Aug;39(5):780-785

Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Frostbite is a form of thermal injury that can have devastating consequences for patients, including digit amputations and sometimes more proximal amputations. To the best of the authors' knowledge, no one has determined national characteristics of frostbite patients, nor the prevalence of these diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. This is the first look at nationwide trends in the treatment of frostbite in the United States. Read More

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August 2018
7 Reads

Frostbite vs Burns: Increased Cost of Care and Use of Hospital Resources.

J Burn Care Res 2018 Aug;39(5):676-679

Department of Surgery, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Numerous demographic, socioeconomic, and injury factors influence a burn patient's hospital course. Compared to the typical burn patient, frostbite injury frequently impacts those with high rates of mental illness, substance abuse, and those suffering homelessness. Our aim was to examine differences in the hospital course of frostbite patients compared to those with burns limited to the hands and feet. Read More

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August 2018
11 Reads

Frostbite-A Case Series From Arctic Greenland.

Wilderness Environ Med 2018 09 12;29(3):392-400. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Ilulissat Hospital, Avannaa Region, Ilulissat, Greenland. Electronic address:

Greenland is not only the largest island in the world, it is also the least densely populated country on the globe. The majority of Greenland's landmass lies within the Arctic Circle. Weather conditions in Arctic areas can be extreme, thus exposing locals and visitors to a high risk of acquiring frostbite injuries. Read More

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September 2018

Endurance-Frostbite, Then and Now.

JAMA Dermatol 2018 Jun;154(6):707

Department of Dermatology, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania.

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Case Report: Severe Frostbite in Extreme Altitude Climbers-The Kathmandu Iloprost Experience.

Wilderness Environ Med 2018 09 8;29(3):366-374. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Altitude Research Center, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO; Institute for Altitude Medicine, Telluride, CO (Dr Hackett).

Severe frostbite occurs frequently at extreme altitude in the Himalayas, often resulting in amputations. Recent advances in treatment of frostbite injuries with either intravenous or intra-arterial tissue plasminogen activator, or with iloprost, have improved outcomes in frostbite injuries, but only if the patient has access to these within 24 to 48 h postinjury, and ideally even sooner. Frostbitten Himalayan climbers are seldom able to reach medical care in this time frame. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

Cold sensitivity and associated factors: a nested case-control study performed in Northern Sweden.

Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2018 10 28;91(7):785-797. Epub 2018 May 28.

Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Umeå University, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden.

Purpose: To identify factors associated with the reporting of cold sensitivity, by comparing cases to controls with regard to anthropometry, previous illnesses and injuries, as well as external exposures such as hand-arm vibration (HAV) and ambient cold.

Methods: Through a questionnaire responded to by the general population, ages 18-70, living in Northern Sweden (N = 12,627), cold sensitivity cases (N = 502) and matched controls (N = 1004) were identified, and asked to respond to a second questionnaire focusing on different aspects of cold sensitivity as well as individual and external exposure factors suggested to be related to the condition. Conditional logistic regression analyses were performed to determine statistical significance. Read More

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October 2018
9 Reads

Chilblains accompanying interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK)-4 deficiency.

Clin Exp Dermatol 2018 Jul 20;43(5):596-597. Epub 2018 May 20.

Dermatology Department, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, UK.

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Intraoral frostbite and Leidenfrost effect.

Aust Dent J 2018 Apr 21. Epub 2018 Apr 21.

Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, SRM Dental College, Ramapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Current lifestyle trends encouraging the rise in use of liquid nitrogen in food and beverages may eventually increase the episodes of injuries reported as well. Here, we report the first case of intraoral frostbite as a result of direct injury to the tissues due to ingestion of liquid nitrogen. The mechanism of injury to the oral mucosa in the absence of any injury to the gastric mucosa is explained correlating it to the Leidenfrost phenomenon. Read More

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Cold Susceptibility of Digit Stumps Resulting from Amputation After Freezing Cold Injury in Elite Alpinists.

High Alt Med Biol 2018 06 2;19(2):185-192. Epub 2018 Apr 2.

4 Department of Automation, Biocybernetics and Robotics, Jožef Stefan Institute , Ljubljana, Slovenia .

Gorjanc, Jurij, Shawnda A. Morrison, Rok Blagus, and Igor B. Mekjavic. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

[Frostbite animal model preparation specification(draft)].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2018 Jan;43(2):410-414

China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine Pharmacology Specialized Committee, Henan University of Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450046, China.

Frostbite is a common disease in winter, and systemic or local injury caused by low temperature invasion. Frostbite sites are commonly face, ears, nose, hands, feet and other peripheral blood circulation parts. The main symptoms are pale skin, cold, pain and numbness, skin itching in high temperature, and severe cases may suffer from skin erosions and ulcers. Read More

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January 2018

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancers at Sites of Previous Frostbite: Case Report and Review.

Case Rep Dermatol 2018 Jan-Apr;10(1):17-23. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

bDepartment of Biomedical Sciences, Nazarbayev University School of Medicine, Astana, Kazakhstan.

The association between ultraviolet radiation exposure and skin cancer is well established. Limited studies have reported an association between frostbite and the development of non-melanoma skin cancer but evidence for a proven link is insufficient and possible carcinogenic mechanisms have not been fully explored. In this report, 3 cases of non-melanoma skin cancer (1 case of basal cell carcinoma and 2 cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin) which developed at a site of previous frostbite caused by exposure to extremely cold temperatures in Astana, the capital city of Kazakhstan, are described. Read More

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February 2018
5 Reads

[Physical and chemical emergencies in dermatology].

Hautarzt 2018 May;69(5):376-383

Klinik für Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie, Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590, Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland.

Physical and chemical emergencies are often caused by household or work accidents. Regardless of the medical field and outside specialized clinics, the physician may be confronted with the situation for first or secondary care. The identification of the causing agent and a rapid assessment of the extent and severity of the tissue damage are essential to initiate early transfer to a specialized burn clinic. Read More

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Acute Compartment Syndrome of the Foot Due To Frostbite: Literature Review and Case Report.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Mar - Apr;57(2):382-387

Director and Assistant Professor, Podiatric Medicine and Surgery Residency, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Mercy, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA.

Acute compartment syndrome of the foot and ankle is a relatively rare clinical finding. Lower extremity compartment syndrome is customarily due to vascular or orthopedic traumatic limb-threatening pathologic issues. Clinical correlation and measurement of intracompartmental pressure are paramount to efficient diagnosis and treatment. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

Osseous sarcoidosis with lupus pernio.

Indian J Med Res 2017 10;146(4):548-549

Department of Internal Medicine, Christian Medical College & Hospital, Vellore 632 004, Tamil Nadu, India.

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October 2017
7 Reads

[Frostbites: cold-freezing injuries due to a biting cold].

Rev Infirm 2018 Feb;67(238):40-43

Service médical d'urgence, Brigade de Sapeurs-Pompiers de Paris, 3 rue Darmesteter, 75013 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Frostbites are cold-freezing injuries of the extremities due to the exposure to temperatures below 0°C. The risk, in the absence of treatment, is the amputation of frostbitten areas which become gangrenous. Victims of frostbite must be treated and evacuated urgently. Read More

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February 2018
2 Reads

Avoiding frostbite: It helps to learn from others.

Behav Brain Sci 2017 Jan;40:e279

Department of Psychology,Stanford University,Stanford,CA

Machines that learn and think like people must be able to learn from others. Social learning speeds up the learning process and - in combination with language - is a gateway to abstract and unobservable information. Social learning also facilitates the accumulation of knowledge across generations, helping people and artificial intelligences learn things that no individual could learn in a lifetime. Read More

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January 2017
2 Reads

Aicardi-Goutières syndrome: cold-induced acral blemish is not always cryoglobulinaemic vasculitis or chilblain lupus.

Clin Exp Dermatol 2018 Jun 17;43(4):488-490. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Department of Neuroradiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

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June 2018
5 Reads

Frostbite: Don't be left out in the cold.

Nursing 2018 Feb;48(2):26-33

Linda Laskowski-Jones is editor-in-chief of Nursing2018 and Vice President of Emergency and Trauma Services at Christiana Care Health System in Newark, Del. She and Lawrence J. Jones are directors of the Appalachian Center for Wilderness Medicine in Morganton, N.C., and members of the Blue Mountain Ski Patrol in Palmerton, Pa.

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February 2018
3 Reads

Idiopathic chilblains in myelomonocytic leukemia: not a simple association.

Int J Dermatol 2018 May 10;57(5):596-598. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

Dipartimento di Fisiopatologia e dei Trapianti, University of Milan - Dermatology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.

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May 2018
5 Reads

Recurrent chilblains in a child with neurological impairment.

Clin Exp Dermatol 2018 Jun 26;43(4):500-502. Epub 2017 Dec 26.

Department of Dermatology, Royal Derby Hospital, Derby, UK.

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June 2018
7 Reads

Pernio as the presenting sign of blast crisis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Pediatr Dermatol 2018 Jan 12;35(1):e74-e75. Epub 2017 Dec 12.

Division of Dermatology, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA.

A previously healthy 5-year-old girl presented with acute onset of blue toes and red spots on the nose and fingers. The striking nature of these lesions, along with the finding of submandibular lymphadenopathy, prompted further evaluation. Laboratory findings were remarkable for anemia, high transaminase levels, and high blast count. Read More

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January 2018
8 Reads

Isolated psychosis during exposure to very high and extreme altitude - characterisation of a new medical entity.

Psychol Med 2018 Aug 5;48(11):1872-1879. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Department of Psychiatry,Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics,University Hospital of Psychiatry II,Medical University Innsbruck,Innsbruck,Austria.

Background: Psychotic episodes during exposure to very high or extreme altitude have been frequently reported in mountain literature, but not systematically analysed and acknowledged as a distinct clinical entity.

Methods: Episodes reported above 3500 m altitude with possible psychosis were collected from the lay literature and provide the basis for this observational study. Dimensional criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders were used for psychosis, and the Lake Louise Scoring criteria for acute mountain sickness and high-altitude cerebral oedema (HACE). Read More

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August 2018
5 Reads

The effect of gamma irradiation on the properties of cucumber.

J Food Sci Technol 2017 Dec 24;54(13):4277-4283. Epub 2017 Oct 24.

Department of Nuclear Engineering, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Isfahan, Esfahān, Iran.

In this study, the effect of gamma irradiation on the shelf life and properties of cucumber was investigated. These properties include weight reduction, fruit density, juice, tissue firmness, total soluble solids (TSS), total titratable acidity, chlorophyll and vitamin C, pH, marketability, flavor, frostbite and fungal effects. For this purpose, cucumbers were irradiated with dose of 2, 2. Read More

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December 2017
5 Reads

Relevance of TRPA1 and TRPM8 channels as vascular sensors of cold in the cutaneous microvasculature.

Pflugers Arch 2018 May 21;470(5):779-786. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Section of Vascular Biology and Inflammation, School of Cardiovascular Medicine and Research, BHF Cardiovascular Centre of Research Excellence, King's College London, Room 3.74, FWB, 150 Stamford Street, London, SE1 9NH, UK.

Cold exposure is directly related to skin conditions, such as frostbite. This is due to the cold exposure inducing a vasoconstriction to reduce cutaneous blood flow and protect against heat loss. However, a long-term constriction will cause ischaemia and potentially irreversible damage. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Bone Scan in Evaluation of Bone Viability in Severe Frostbite of the Hand.

Indian J Nucl Med 2017 Oct-Dec;32(4):367-368

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA.

A 39-year-old male presented to the emergency department (ED) with frostbite to the fingers of both hands. In the ED, he received warm baths, acetylsalicylic acid, clopidogrel, and heparin. A three-phase bone scintigraphy with technetium-99m-methylene diphosphonate revealed absent radiotracer uptake in distal phalanges of both hands. Read More

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November 2017
4 Reads

Update: Cold weather injuries, active and reserve components, U.S. Armed Forces, July 2012-June 2017.

MSMR 2017 Oct;24(10):12-21

From July 2016 through June 2017, a total of 387 members of the active (n=328) and reserve (n=59) components had at least one medical encounter with a primary diagnosis of cold injury. Among active component service members, the total number of cold injuries in the 2016-2017 cold season was the lowest since 1999 and the overall incidence rate was lower than in any of the previous four cold seasons. Frostbite was the most common type of cold injury. Read More

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October 2017
5 Reads

BET 1: Does the use of emollients prevent frostbite to the face?

Authors:
Emmy De Buck

Emerg Med J 2017 Nov;34(11):763-764

Belgian Red Cross-Flanders, Mechelen, Belgium.

A short cut review was carried out to establish whether routine use of emollients on the face reduced the incidence of frostbite in cold environments. 126 papers were found using the reported searches, of which three presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. Read More

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November 2017
5 Reads