13,649 results match your criteria Frontiers in psychology[Journal]


Apologies Repair Trust via Perceived Trustworthiness and Negative Emotions.

Front Psychol 2019 3;10:758. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Psychology, Brock University, St. Catharines, ON, Canada.

The present study examined whether perceptions of a transgressor's trustworthiness mediates the relationship between apologies and repaired trust, and the moderating role of negative emotions within this process. Chinese undergraduate students ( = 221) completed a trust game where they invested tokens in their counterpart, and either experienced no trust violation (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00758DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457316PMC

Short-Term Orchestral Music Training Modulates Hyperactivity and Inhibitory Control in School-Age Children: A Longitudinal Behavioural Study.

Front Psychol 2019 3;10:750. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Center for Music in the Brain, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University - The Royal Academy of Music, Aarhus, Denmark.

Survey studies have shown that participating in music groups produces several benefits, such as discipline, cooperation and responsibility. Accordingly, recent longitudinal studies showed that orchestral music training has a positive impact on inhibitory control in school-age children. However, most of these studies examined long periods of training not always feasible for all families and institutions and focused on children's measures ignoring the viewpoint of the teachers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00750DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457347PMC

Diazepam Reduces Escape and Increases Closed-Arms Exploration in Gerbils After 5 min in the Elevated Plus-Maze.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:748. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Animal Behavior Laboratory, Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz, Bogotá, Colombia.

Despite the wide implementation of the elevated plus-maze (EPM) test to assess anxiety-related behaviors in rodents, the interpretation of these measures in gerbils has received limited attention. Here, male gerbils were treated with vehicle or diazepam, followed by a 20-min EPM session. EPM data were subjected to minute-by-minute, 5-min bins and factor analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00748DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454108PMC

The Disruption of Memory Consolidation of Duration Introduces Noise While Lengthening the Long-Term Memory Representation of Time in Humans.

Front Psychol 2019 3;10:745. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

CNRS, UMR 6024, Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et Cognitive, Université Clermont Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

This study examined the effect of an interference task on the consolidation of duration in long-term memory. In a temporal generalization task, the participants performed a learning phase with a reference duration that either was, or was not, followed 30 min later by a 15-min interference task. They were then given a memory test, 24 h later. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00745DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456679PMC

Instrumental Technique, Expressivity, and Communication. A Qualitative Study on Learning Music in Individual and Collective Settings.

Front Psychol 2019 3;10:737. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Centre for Systematic Musicology, University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

In this paper, we present a qualitative study comparing individual and collective music pedagogies from the point of view of the learner. In doing so, we discuss how the theoretical tools of embodied cognitive science (ECS) can provide adequate resources to capture the main properties of both contexts. We begin by outlining the core principles of ECS, describing how it emerged in response to the information-processing approach to mind, which dominated the cognitive sciences for the latter half of the 20th century. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00737DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457278PMC

Earthquake Exposure and Post-traumatic Stress Among Nepalese Mothers After the 2015 Earthquakes.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:734. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare, NORCE Norwegian Research Center, Bergen, Norway.

Nepal suffered from major earthquakes in April 2015 resulting in great damage to the society. The objective of the current study is to describe the earthquake exposure, the impact on family's daily life and the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and their association in Nepalese mothers 20 months following the earthquakes. In a clinical trial in Bhaktapur, Nepal, 558 mothers responded to an inventory on earthquake exposure and the Impact of Event Scale - Revised (IES-R) 20 months after the earthquakes. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00734
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00734DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454014PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Statistical Differences in Set Analysis in Badminton at the RIO 2016 Olympic Games.

Front Psychol 2019 3;10:731. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

The aim of the present study was to determine statistical differences in a set of badminton competition matches in five different modalities with regard to competition level (Group Phase vs. Eliminatory Phase). Data from 453 sets (125 in men's singles; 108 sets in women's singles; 77 sets in men's doubles; 73 in women's doubles and 70 in mixed doubles) from the RIO 2016 Olympics Games were recorded and classified in two groups of variables to analyze variables related to match (5) and set (15). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00731DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457257PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Language Origins Viewed in Spontaneous and Interactive Vocal Rates of Human and Bonobo Infants.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:729. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

School of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, United Kingdom.

From the first months of life, human infants produce "protophones," speech-like, non-cry sounds, presumed absent, or only minimally present in other apes. But there have been no direct quantitative comparisons to support this presumption. In addition, by 2 months, human infants show sustained face-to-face interaction using protophones, a pattern thought also absent or very limited in other apes, but again, without quantitative comparison. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00729
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00729DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455048PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Do Emotional Faces Affect Inhibition of Return? An ERP Study.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:721. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Inhibition of Return (IOR) refers to an individual's slowed localization or discrimination performance for targets that appear in previously cued versus uncued location after a relatively long delay after cue (∼300-500 ms). The current study adopted a cue-target paradigm and used behavioral and event-related potential (ERP) measures to investigate whether IOR would be modulated by emotional faces during an emotion recognition task. For reaction time measure, we found IOR effect and the magnitude of IOR effect were comparable for fearful face target and neutral face target. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00721DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455009PMC

Environment-Specific vs. General Knowledge and Their Role in Pro-environmental Behavior.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:718. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Psychological Institute, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany.

Environmental knowledge has been established as a behavior-distal, but necessary antecedent of pro-environmental behavior. The magnitude of its effect is difficult to estimate due to methodological deficits and variability of measures proposed in the literature. This paper addresses these methodological issues with an updated, comprehensive and objective test of environmental knowledge spanning a broad variety of current environment related topics. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00718
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00718DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454026PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Pain, Parental Involvement, and Oxytocin in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:715. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institute for Cellular and Integrative Neurosciences, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.

Preterm infants (PTI) typically experience many painful and stressful procedures or events during their first weeks of life in a neonatal intensive care unit, and these can profoundly impact subsequent brain development and function. Several protective interventions during this sensitive period stimulate the oxytocin system, reduce pain and stress, and improve brain development. This review provides an overview of the environmental risk factors experienced by PTI during hospitalization, with a focus on the effects of pain, and early maternal separation. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00715
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00715DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454868PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Commentary: Acetaminophen Enhances the Reflective Learning Process.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:705. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, United States.

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00705
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00705DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454133PMC
April 2019
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Cognitive Profiles and Functional Connectivity in First-Episode Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders - Linking Behavioral and Neuronal Data.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:689. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

National Institute of Mental Health, Klecany, Czechia.

The character of cognitive deficit in schizophrenia is not clear due to the heterogeneity in research results. In heterogeneous conditions, the cluster solution allows the classification of individuals based on profiles. Our aim was to examine the cognitive profiles of first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorder (FES) subjects based on cluster analysis, and to correlate these profiles with clinical variables and resting state brain connectivity, as measured with magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00689
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00689DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454196PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Over-the-Counter Painkillers and Evolutionary Mismatch.

Authors:
Andrew C Gallup

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:686. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Psychology Program, SUNY Polytechnic Institute, Utica, NY, United States.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00686DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454143PMC

The Minimalist Program and the Origin of Language: A View From Paleoanthropology.

Authors:
Ian Tattersall

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:677. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Division of Anthropology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, United States.

In arguing that articulate language is underpinned by an algorithmically simple neural operation, the Minimalist Program (MP) retrodicts that language emerged in a short-term event. Because spoken language leaves no physical traces, its ancient use must be inferred from archeological proxies. These strongly suggest that modern symbolic human behavior patterns - and, by extension, cognition - emerged both abruptly and late in time (subsequent to the appearance of as an anatomical entity some 200 thousand years kyr ago). Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00677
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00677DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454856PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Designing Trustworthy Product Recommendation Virtual Agents Operating Positive Emotion and Having Copious Amount of Knowledge.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:675. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Digital Content and Media Sciences Research Division, National Institute of Informatics, Tokyo, Japan.

Anthropomorphic agents used in online-shopping need to be trusted by users so that users feel comfortable buying products. In this paper, we propose a model for designing trustworthy agents by assuming two factors of trust, that is, emotion and knowledgeableness perceived. Our hypothesis is that when a user feels happy and perceives an agent as being highly knowledgeable, a high level of trust results between the user and agent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00675DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454119PMC

Decomposing Complexity Preferences for Music.

Front Psychol 2019 3;10:674. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Perception and Awareness Lab, Cognitive Psychology Department, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.

Recently, we demonstrated complexity as a major factor for explaining individual differences in visual preferences for abstract digital art. We have shown that participants could best be separated into two groups based on their liking ratings for abstract digital art comprising geometric patterns: one group with a preference for complex visual patterns and another group with a preference for simple visual patterns. In the present study, building up on these results, we extended our investigations for complexity preferences from highly controlled visual stimuli to ecologically valid stimuli in the auditory modality. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00674
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00674DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457315PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Humble Leadership and Employee Resilience: Exploring the Mediating Mechanism of Work-Related Promotion Focus and Perceived Insider Identity.

Front Psychol 2019 3;10:673. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.

Although the topic of employee resilience has recently received increased attention, existing research has largely failed to explore its situational triggers. Drawing on social information processing theory, the current study integrates the literature of humility and resilience to theorize the underlying mechanism through which humble leadership facilitates employee resilience. This research proposes a potential heterogeneous effect that humble leadership catalyzes employee resilience through multiple pathways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00673DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456677PMC

Walking the Plank: An Experimental Paradigm to Investigate Safety Voice.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:668. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Psychological and Behavioural Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, United Kingdom.

The investigation of people raising or withholding safety concerns, termed safety voice, has relied on report-based methodologies, with few experiments. Generalisable findings have been limited because: the behavioural nature of safety voice is rarely operationalised; the reliance on memory and recall has well-established biases; and determining causality requires experimentation. Across three studies, we introduce, evaluate and make available the first experimental paradigm for studying safety voice: the "Walking the plank" paradigm. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00668
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00668DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454216PMC
April 2019
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Generating Civically-Engaged Undergraduate Student Scientists in General Education Classrooms.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:664. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Butler University, Indianapolis, IN, United States.

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00664
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00664DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454112PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Deposit Limit Prompt in Online Gambling for Reducing Gambling Intensity: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Front Psychol 2019 28;10:639. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Division of Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

Pre-commitment tools - allowing users of gambling services to pre-set a limit for how much money they may spend - are relatively common. However, there exist no clear evidence of their effectiveness in preventing gamblers from spending more money than they otherwise planned. The aim of the study was to compare gambling intensity between users of an online gambling service prompted to set a deposit limit and non-prompted customers, both in the whole sample and among most active users based on the total number of gambling days. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00639
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00639DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455077PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Real-Time Aural and Visual Feedback for Improving Violin Intonation.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:627. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Augmented Instruments Laboratory, Centre for Digital Music, Queen Mary University of London, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, London, United Kingdom.

Playing with correct intonation is one of the major challenges for a string player. A player must learn how to physically reproduce a target pitch, but before that, the player must learn what correct intonation is. This requires audiation- the aural equivalent of visualization- of every note along with self-assessment whether the pitch played matches the target, and if not, what action should be taken to correct it. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00627
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00627DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455216PMC
April 2019
1 Read

How Shall I Count the Ways? A Method for Quantifying the Qualitative Aspects of Unscripted Movement With Laban Movement Analysis.

Front Psychol 2019 28;10:572. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

The Emili Sagol Creative Arts Therapies Research Center, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

There is significant clinical evidence showing that creative and expressive movement processes involved in dance/movement therapy (DMT) enhance psycho-social well-being. Yet, because movement is a complex phenomenon, statistically validating which aspects of movement change during interventions or lead to significant positive therapeutic outcomes is challenging because movement has multiple, overlapping variables appearing in unique patterns in different individuals and situations. One factor contributing to the therapeutic effects of DMT is movement's effect on clients' emotional states. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00572DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455080PMC

The Thrill of Speedy Descents: A Pilot Study on Differences in Facially Expressed Online Emotions and Retrospective Measures of Emotions During a Downhill Mountain-Bike Descent.

Front Psychol 2019 2;10:566. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Psychology, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

When extreme sport athletes explain the engagement behind their taxing and risky endeavors, they often refer to the happiness generated by the activities. However, during the activity, these athletes seem neither pleased nor happy. This article proposes some answers from a study of facially expressed emotions measured moment by moment during downhill mountain biking. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00566
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00566DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454103PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Revisiting the Miller-Kanazawa Debate: Should Asia Be Afforded More Attention From Evolutionary Psychologists?

Authors:
Sean T H Lee

Front Psychol 2019 22;10:547. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

School of Social Sciences, Singapore Management University, Singapore, Singapore.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00547DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439342PMC

A Social Analgesic? Acetaminophen (Paracetamol) Reduces Positive Empathy.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:538. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States.

Acetaminophen - a potent physical painkiller that also reduces empathy for other people's suffering - blunts physical and social pain by reducing activation in brain areas (i.e. anterior insula and anterior cingulate) thought to be related to emotional awareness and motivation. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00538
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455058PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Regimes of Expectations: An Active Inference Model of Social Conformity and Human Decision Making.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:679. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Neuroimaging, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

How do humans come to acquire shared expectations about how they ought to behave in distinct normalized social settings? This paper offers a normative framework to answer this question. We introduce the computational construct of 'deontic value' - based on active inference and Markov decision processes - to formalize conceptions of social conformity and human decision-making. Deontic value is an attribute of choices, behaviors, or action sequences that inherit directly from deontic cues in our econiche (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00679DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452780PMC

Where Does the Money Come From? Humanizing High Socioeconomic Status Groups Undermines Attitudes Toward Redistribution.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:771. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

The concentration of wealth in the hands of a few at the expense of general impoverishment is a major problem in some modern societies. However, there is a general opposition to redistribution policies or to the application of a progressive taxation system. The goal of this research was to explore one factor that might drive the attitudes toward income redistribution: The (de)humanization of high socioeconomic status groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450225PMC

Local Norms and the Theory of Planned Behavior: Understanding the Effects of Spatial Proximity on Recycling Intentions and Self-Reported Behavior.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:744. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

This paper aims to deepen the understanding of the role of "local norms" in explaining ecological behavior within Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior. A longitudinal investigation (overall = 222), focused on households waste recycling, tested the hypothesis that the effects of this type of norms on behavioral intentions varies as a function of the individual's spatial proximity to the social categories relevant to the social-physical context (in this study: housemates, neighbors, inhabitants of the district or quarter, and inhabitants of the city) in which the behavior takes place. The hypothesis was confirmed and we also showed that the effects of local norms are empirically distinguishable from those of the social norms already considered by the model (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00744DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450212PMC

The Development of Spatial Memory Analyzed by Means of Ecological Walking Task.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:728. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Università degli studi Magna Græcia di Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy.

The present study is aimed at investigating the development of spatial memory in pre-school children aged 4-6 years using an ecological walking task with multiple rewards. The participants were to explore an open space in order to find nine rewards placed in buckets arranged in three spatial configurations: a Cross, a 3 × 3 Matrix, and a Cluster composed of three groups of three buckets each. Clear age-related improvements were evident in all the parameters analyzed. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00728
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00728DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450422PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Separation of Tasks Into Distinct Domains, Not Set-Level Compatibility, Minimizes Dual-Task Interference.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:711. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, United States.

Dual-task costs are often significantly reduced or eliminated when both tasks use compatible stimulus-response (S-R) pairs. Either by design or unintentionally, S-R pairs used in dual-task experiments that produce small dual-task costs typically have two properties that may reduce dual-task interference. One property is that they are easy to keep separate; specifically, one task is often visual-spatial and contains little verbal information and the other task is primarily auditory-verbal and has no significant spatial component. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00711DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449443PMC

Red Wood Ants Display Natural Aversive Learning Differently Depending on Their Task Specialization.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:710. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.

The adaptive benefits of individual specialization and how learning abilities correlate with task performance are still far from being well-understood. Red wood ants are characterized by their huge colonies and deep professional specialization. We hypothesized that red wood ants form aversive learning after having negative encounters with hoverfly larvae differently, depending on their task specialization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00710DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449629PMC

Effects of Aging and Dual-Task Demands on the Comprehension of Less Expected Sentence Continuations: Evidence From Pupillometry.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:709. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany.

Prior studies on language processing in aging have shown that older adults experience integration difficulties for contextually unpredictable target words (as indicated by low cloze probabilities in prior ratings), and that such comprehension difficulties are more likely to occur under more demanding processing conditions (e.g., dual-task situations). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00709DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449456PMC

Is Learning With Elaborative Interrogation Less Desirable When Learners Are Depleted?

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:707. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Educational Psychology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

When learning with elaborative interrogation, learners are requested by means of prompts to generate parts of the study material. There is evidence, that learning with elaborative interrogation is beneficial. However, it is conceivable that for elaborative interrogation to be beneficial for learning, learners also need resources available to be able to correctly generate parts of the study material. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00707DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449625PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Predicting Accuracy in Eyewitness Testimonies With Memory Retrieval Effort and Confidence.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:703. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

Evaluating eyewitness testimonies has proven a difficult task. Recent research, however, suggests that incorrect memories are more effortful to retrieve than correct memories, and confidence in a memory is based on retrieval effort. We aimed to replicate and extend these findings, adding retrieval latency as a predictor of memory accuracy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00703DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450142PMC

Flow and Satisfaction With Life in Elite Musicians and Top Athletes.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:698. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Although flow has been studied extensively in music and sport, there is a lack of research comparing these two domains. With the aim of filling this gap, elite musicians and top athletes in Slovenia were contrasted in the current study. Differences for flow and satisfaction with life between elite musicians and top athletes were explored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00698DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450199PMC
March 2019
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Early and Late Effects of Semantic Distractors on Electroencephalographic Responses During Overt Picture Naming.

Front Psychol 2019 28;10:696. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Centre for Human Brain Health, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

This study investigated the nature of the interference effect of semantically related distractors in the picture-word interference paradigm, which has been claimed to be caused by either competition between lexical representations of target and distractor or by a late response exclusion mechanism that removes the distractor from a response buffer. EEG was recorded while participants overtly named pictures accompanied by categorically related versus unrelated written distractor words. In contrast to previous studies, stimuli were presented for only 250 ms to avoid any re-processing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00696DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447652PMC

Influence of Match Status on Players' Prominence and Teams' Network Properties During 2018 FIFA World Cup.

Front Psychol 2019 28;10:695. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Centro de Estudos em Cognição e Ação/ UFMG Soccer Science Center, Departamento de Esportes, Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

The analyses of players and teams' behaviors during the FIFA World Cup may provide a better understanding on how football tactics and strategies have developed in the past few years in elite football. The Social Network Analysis (SNA) has been carried out in the investigations about passing distribution, improving the understanding on how players interact and cooperate during a match. In football official matches, studies have used the SNA as a means of coding players' cooperation and opposition patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00695DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447613PMC

Cognitive Control as a 5-HT-Based Domain That Is Disrupted in Major Depressive Disorder.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:691. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

The Molecular & Behavioral Neuroscience Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.

Heterogeneity within Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) has hampered identification of biological markers (e.g., intermediate phenotypes, IPs) that might increase risk for the disorder or reflect closer links to the genes underlying the disease process. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00691
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00691DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450211PMC
March 2019
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Coexistence of Post-traumatic Growth and Post-traumatic Depreciation in the Aftermath of Trauma: Qualitative and Quantitative Narrative Analysis.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:687. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Faculty of Psychology, SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw, Poland.

Post-traumatic growth (PTG) and post-traumatic depreciation (PTD) can be defined, respectively, as positive and negative changes in the aftermath of trauma. These changes can be assigned to the following domains: personal strength, relating to others, new possibilities, appreciation of life, spiritual and existential change. The aim of this study was to explore the possibility that positive and negative effects of trauma can coexist and explore the categories of effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00687DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449626PMC

The Sense of Sounds: Brain Responses to Phonotactic Frequency, Phonological Grammar and Lexical Meaning.

Front Psychol 2019 28;10:681. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Center of Linguistics, School of Arts and Humanities, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.

Two outstanding questions in spoken-language comprehension concern (1) the interplay of phonological grammar (legal vs. illegal sound sequences), phonotactic frequency (high- vs. low-frequency sound sequences) and lexicality (words vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00681DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447827PMC

Psychological Demands of International Rugby Sevens and Well-Being Needs of Elite South African Players.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:676. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Rugby sevens was included in the 2016 Olympic Games, with South Africa's Blitzboks winning bronze. They also won the 2016/2017 and 2017/2018 World Rugby Sevens Series. Whilst peak performance is paramount at the elite level there is a growing responsibility to address player well-being and off-the-field player needs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00676DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450168PMC

Global Processing Makes People Happier Than Local Processing.

Front Psychol 2019 26;10:670. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Psychology, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.

Past research demonstrates that mood can influence level of perceptual processing (global vs. local). The present research shows that level of perceptual processing can influence mood as well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00670DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448006PMC

Mindfulness and Leadership: Communication as a Behavioral Correlate of Leader Mindfulness and Its Effect on Follower Satisfaction.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:667. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.

In recent years, the construct of mindfulness has gained growing attention in psychological research. However, little is known about the effects of mindfulness on interpersonal interactions and social relationships at work. Addressing this gap, the purpose of this study was to investigate the role of mindfulness in leader-follower relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00667DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450257PMC

Emotions in Group Sports: A Narrative Review From a Social Identity Perspective.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:666. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Center of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.

Recently, novel lines of research have developed to study the influence of identity processes in sport-related behaviors. Yet, whereas emotions in sport are the result of a complex psychosocial process, little attention has been paid to examining the mechanisms that underlie how group membership influences athletes' emotional experiences. The present narrative review aims at complementing the comprehensive review produced by Rees et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00666DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450421PMC

Involving Undergraduates in Publishable International Research: Experiences in Latin America.

Authors:
Brien K Ashdown

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:656. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, Hobart and William Smith Colleges, Geneva, NY, United States.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00656DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449841PMC

Editorial: The Art and Science of Heroism and Heroic Leadership.

Front Psychol 2019 29;10:655. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Digital Media, Murdoch University, Perth, WA, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00655DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449723PMC