13,064 results match your criteria Frontiers in psychology[Journal]


Split-Brain Babies? Differences in Representation of Bilaterally and Unilaterally Presented Visual Stimuli in Infancy.

Authors:
Kimberly M Scott

Front Psychol 2018 4;9:2758. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Early Childhood Cognition Lab, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States.

Information needed for perception and action is often distributed across the two hemispheres of the human brain. During development, representations lateralized due to topographic sensory maps may be available independently before they can be integrated across hemispheres. These studies (total = 211) investigate visual interhemispheric integration in two domains in infancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02758DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369161PMC
February 2019

Effects of Interpersonal Sensorimotor Synchronization on Dyadic Creativity: Gender Matters.

Front Psychol 2018 4;9:2604. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy.

Although it is noted that interpersonal sensorimotor coordination can influence several high-level socio-cognitive processes, its impact on creative collaboration is nearly unexplored. Here, we investigated the effects of a form of sensorimotor coordination, that is, sensorimotor synchronization, on a subsequent creative collaboration task. 60 pairs ( total = 120 participants) formed by previously unacquainted individuals performed a tower-building task either jointly or alone, followed by a dyadic creativity task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02604DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369364PMC
February 2019

Stress and Growth in Cancer: Mechanisms and Psychotherapeutic Interventions to Facilitate a Constructive Balance.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:177. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Psycho-oncology Unit, Institut Català d'Oncologia, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain.

Post-traumatic stress and growth are common responses to adverse life events such as cancer. In this article, we establish how cancer becomes a "fertile land" for the emergence of stress and growth responses and analyze the main mechanisms involved. Stress-growth responses on adjusting to cancer is potentially determined by factors like the phase of the illness (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00177DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369350PMC
February 2019

Left-Hemisphere Delay of EEG Potentials Evoked by Standard Letter Stimuli During Rapid Serial Visual Presentation: Indicating Right-Hemisphere Advantage or Left-Hemisphere Load?

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:171. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Neurology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.

During rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP), two streams of letters simultaneously presented in the left and right visual fields (LVF and RVF) evoke visual potentials (VEPs) of EEG a few milliseconds earlier at the right (RH) than the left hemisphere (LH). This small LH VEP lag might be attributed to a RH advantage in initial processing of rapidly changing stimuli or to larger load of the LH by its specialized processing of letters from both visual fields simultaneously. In the present study, the two-stream condition was compared in two experiments to conditions with smaller instantaneous verbal load, namely with stimuli presented either solely or slightly earlier in the LVF or RVF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00171DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369358PMC
February 2019

Sex Differences in Body Ownership in Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:168. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Neuroscience Area, International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste, Italy.

A strong male prevalence has been observed in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) since its definition, but the behavioral manifestations of sex disparity have yet to be clarified. Here, we investigate sex differences in the perception of the Numbness Illusion (NI), a procedure based on a tactile conflict, in adults with ASD and with typical development. We aim to assess if women and men with ASD perceive NI-dependent body ownership differently and whether sex differences emerge in individuals with typical development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00168DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369199PMC
February 2019

Presence and Cybersickness in Virtual Reality Are Negatively Related: A Review.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:158. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada.

In order to take advantage of the potential offered by the medium of virtual reality (VR), it will be essential to develop an understanding of how to maximize the desirable experience of "presence" in a virtual space ("being there"), and how to minimize the undesirable feeling of "cybersickness" (a constellation of discomfort symptoms experienced in VR). Although there have been frequent reports of a possible link between the observer's sense of presence and the experience of bodily discomfort in VR, the amount of literature that discusses the nature of the relationship is limited. Recent research has underlined the possibility that these variables have shared causes, and that both factors may be manipulated with a single approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00158DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369189PMC
February 2019

Neuroanatomical Correlates of Creativity: Evidence From Voxel-Based Morphometry.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:155. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.

Creativity was a special cognitive capacity which was crucial to human survival and prosperity. Remote associates test (RAT), identifying the relationships among remote ideas, was one of the most frequently used methods of measuring creativity. However, the structural characteristics associated with RAT remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00155DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369357PMC
February 2019

Linear Spatial-Numeric Associations Aid Memory for Single Numbers.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:146. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, United States.

Memory for numbers improves with age. One source of this improvement may be learning linear spatial-numeric associations, but previous evidence for this hypothesis likely confounded memory span with quality of numerical magnitude representations and failed to distinguish spatial-numeric mappings from other numeric abilities, such as counting or number word-cardinality mapping. To obviate the influence of memory span on numerical memory, we examined 39 3- to 5-year-olds' ability to recall one spontaneously produced number (1-20) after a delay, and the relation between numeric recall (controlling for non-numeric recall) and quality of mapping between symbolic and non-symbolic quantities using number-line estimation, give-a-number estimation, and counting tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00146DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369359PMC
February 2019

Modeling Test-Taking Non-effort in MIRT Models.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:145. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.

The validity of inferences based on test scores will be threatened when examinees' test-taking non-effort is ignored. A possible solution is to add test-taking effort indicators in the measurement model after the non-effortful responses are flagged. As a new application of the multidimensional item response theory (MIRT) model for non-ignorable missing responses, this article proposed a MIRT method to account for non-effortful responses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00145DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369269PMC
February 2019

Individual Differences in Sensitivity to Visuomotor Discrepancies.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:144. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Cognitive and Learning Sciences, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, United States.

This study explored whether sensitivity to visuomotor discrepancies, specifically the ability to detect and respond to loss of control over a moving object, is associated with other psychological traits and abilities. College-aged adults performed a computerized tracking task which involved keeping a cursor centered on a moving target using keyboard controls. On some trials, the cursor became unresponsive to participants' keypresses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00144DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369185PMC
February 2019

Wayfinding as a Social Activity.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:142. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, United States.

We discuss the important, but greatly under-researched, topic of the social aspects of human wayfinding during navigation. Wayfinding represents the planning and decision-making component of navigation and is arguably among the most common, real-world domains of both individual and group-level decision making. We highlight the myriad ways that wayfinding by people is not a solitary psychological process but is influenced by the actions of other people, even by their mere presence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00142DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369211PMC
February 2019

A MEG Study on the Processing of Time and Quantity: Parietal Overlap but Functional Divergence.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:139. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

MEG Lab, Florida Hospital for Children, Orlando, FL, United States.

A common magnitude system for the processing of time and numerosity, supported by areas in the posterior parietal cortex, has been proposed by some authors. The present study aims to investigate possible intersections between the neural processing of non-numerical (time) and numerical magnitudes in the posterior parietal lobe. Using Magnetoencephalography for the comparison of brain source activations during the processing of duration and numerosity contrasts, we demonstrate parietal overlap as well as dissociations between these two dimensions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00139DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369182PMC
February 2019

The Influence of Intrinsic Motivation and Synergistic Extrinsic Motivators on Creativity and Innovation.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:137. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

International School of Management, Dortmund, Germany.

Despite the vast amount of research focusing on intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, the effects of extrinsic motivators on creativity and innovation have been scarcely investigated. Extrinsic factors can be seen as synergistic extrinsic motivators when they have a positive effect on the outcome. The present study investigates synergistic extrinsic motivators that organizations can use to foster creativity and innovation of their intrinsically motivated knowledge workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00137DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369195PMC
February 2019

Undergraduate Research Teams That Build Bridges, Produce Publishable Research, and Strengthen Grant Proposals.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:133. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Psychology, Lewis & Clark College, Portland, OR, United States.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00133DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369155PMC
February 2019

The Potential of Consumer-Targeted Virtual Reality Relaxation Applications: Descriptive Usage, Uptake and Application Performance Statistics for a First-Generation Application.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:132. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

Virtual Reality (VR) technology can be used to create immersive environments that promote relaxation and distraction, yet it is only with the recent advent of consumer VR platforms that such applications have the potential for widespread dissemination, particularly in the form of consumer-targeted self-help applications available at regular digital marketplaces. If widely distributed and used as intended, such applications have the potential to make a much-needed impact on public mental health. In this study, we report real-world aggregated uptake, usage and application performance statistics from a first-generation consumer-targeted VR relaxation application which has been publicly available for almost 2 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00132DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369194PMC
February 2019

Characterizing Movement Fluency in Musical Performance: Toward a Generic Measure for Technology Enhanced Learning.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:84. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

RITMO Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Rhythm, Time and Motion, Department of Musicology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Virtuosity in music performance is often associated with fast, precise, and efficient sound-producing movements. The generation of such highly skilled movements involves complex joint and muscle control by the central nervous system, and depends on the ability to anticipate, segment, and coarticulate motor elements, all within the biomechanical constraints of the human body. When successful, such motor skill should lead to what we characterize as fluency in musical performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00084DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369163PMC
February 2019

Work Group Climate and Behavioral Responses to Psychological Contract Breach.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:67. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.

Drawing on theories of social exchange and social information processing, we examined whether the influence of psychological contract breach on in-role performance and organization-directed citizenship behavior (OCBO) depends on work group climate levels, specifically procedural justice climate and power distance climate. The findings supported our hypothesis that psychological contract breach more strongly influences in-role performance and OCBO among members of units with favorable procedural justice climates. Support for a hypothesized moderating role of power distance climate was less conclusive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00067DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369362PMC
February 2019

Preoperative Interventions for Alcohol and Other Recreational Substance Use: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Front Psychol 2019 4;10:34. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

School of Psychology, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Preoperative alcohol and other recreational substance use (ORSU) may catalyze perioperative complications. Accordingly, interventions aiming to reduce preoperative substance use are warranted. Studies investigating interventions to reduce alcohol and/or ORSU in elective surgery patients were identified from: Cochrane Library; MEDLINE; PSYCINFO; EMBASE; and CINAHL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369879PMC
February 2019

Linguistic Focus Promotes the Ease of Discourse Integration Processes in Reading Comprehension: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials.

Front Psychol 2018 1;9:2718. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Laboratory of Theoretical Psycholinguistics, Department of Linguistics and Modern Languages, Faculty of Arts, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Psycholinguistic studies of focus processing have yielded varying results regarding how focus affects language processing. We report the results of an event-related potential (ERP) experiment that used question-answer pairs in a discourse to manipulate whether a target word was contextually focused, contrastively focused, contextually defocused, or contextually neutral. We found a negative-going waveform that was sustained in the time-course (250-800 ms after the target word onset) with a maximum over frontal-central scalp sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02718DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367260PMC
February 2019

Examining the Relationship Between Leaders' Power Use, Followers' Motivational Outlooks, and Followers' Work Intentions.

Front Psychol 2018 1;9:2620. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

The Ken Blanchard Companies, Escondido, CA, United States.

From the foundation of self-determination theory and existing literature on forms of power, we empirically explored relationships between followers' perceptions of their leader's use of various forms of power, followers' self-reported motivational outlooks, and followers' favorable work intentions. Using survey data collected from two studies of working professionals, we apply path analysis and hierarchical multiple regression to analyze variance among constructs of interest. We found that followers' perceptions of hard power use by their leaders (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02620DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367254PMC
February 2019

Effects of Valence and Emotional Intensity on the Comprehension and Memorization of Texts.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:179. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

CHART/LUTIN (EA 4004), Université Paris 8, Paris, France.

In the present study, we independently manipulated valence (positive, negative, or neutral) and emotional intensity (low, medium, or high), asking what impact they have on text comprehension (via surface, paraphrase, and inference questions) and memorization (via Remember/Know test) in adults. Results show that emotional contents, including valence and intensity affects comprehension. Emotional valence had a significant effect on text comprehension, with higher scores for positive and neutral texts than for negative ones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00179DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367271PMC
February 2019

How Can On-Road Hazard Perception and Anticipation Be Improved? Evidence From the Body.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:167. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of General Psychology, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

The present research is aimed at investigating processes associated with learning how to drive safely. We were particularly interested in implicit mechanisms related to the automatic processing system involved in decision making in risky situations (Slovic et al., 2007). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00167DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367247PMC
February 2019

Psychopathy and Decision-Making: Antisocial Factor Associated With Risky Decision-Making in Offenders.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:166. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

School of Psychology, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang, China.

Psychopathy is a personality development disorder increasing the risk of antisocial behavior. Studies on the relationship between psychopathy and decision-making have received limited attention and the result of studies is mixed. A present study examines whether or not the different factors of psychopathy are related to decision-making under risk and ambiguity in offenders and how they are related. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00166DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367264PMC
February 2019

Social Modeling of Food Intake: No Evidence for Moderation by Identification With the Norm Referent Group.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:159. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Normative information has a powerful effect on food intake and food selection. People tend to use the eating behavior of others as a reference for their own eating behaviors and match their intake to an eating partner. This is known as social modeling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00159DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367267PMC
February 2019

Compassion Focused Approaches to Working With Distressing Voices.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:152. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Centre for Compassion Research and Training, University of Derby, Derby, United Kingdom.

This paper presents an outline of voice-hearing phenomenology in the context of evolutionary mechanisms for self- and social- monitoring. Special attention is given to evolved systems for monitoring dominant-subordinate social roles and relationships. These provide information relating to the interpersonal motivation of others, such as neutral, friendly or hostile, and thus the interpersonal threat, versus safe, social location. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00152DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367219PMC
February 2019
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The Role of Prior Achievement as an Antecedent to Student Homework Engagement.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:140. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Pedagogy and Didactics, University of A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain.

The benefits of homework on student learning and academic achievement, to a large extent, depend on the degree of student engagement. Motivational engagement (my intention or why I do the homework), cognitive engagement (how I get involved in homework), and behavioral engagement (how much homework I do, how much time I devote to it, how I manage that time) are key aspects that condition the quality of the process of doing homework, learning, and academic achievement. Prior academic achievement is one of the variables that seems to be positively related to student engagement (both due its motivational component and to the training to do homework). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00140DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367270PMC
February 2019

Homework and Academic Achievement in Latin America: A Multilevel Approach.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:95. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Psychology, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain.

The relationship between homework and academic results has been widely researched. Most of that research has used English-speaking, European or Asian samples, and to date there have been no detailed studies into that relationship in Latin America and the Caribbean. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of quantitative homework characteristics on achievement in science. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367234PMC
February 2019

Emotion in Context: How Sender Predictability and Identity Affect Processing of Words as Imminent Personality Feedback.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:94. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Psychology, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany.

Recent findings suggest that communicative context affects the timing and magnitude of emotion effects in word processing. In particular, social attributions seem to be one important source of plasticity for the processing of affectively charged language. Here, we investigate the timing and magnitude of ERP responses toward positive, neutral, and negative trait adjectives during the anticipation of putative socio-evaluative feedback from different senders (human and computer) varying in predictability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00094DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367230PMC
February 2019

Flexible Emotion Regulation: How Situational Demands and Individual Differences Influence the Effectiveness of Regulatory Strategies.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:72. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Management, Huddersfield Business School, The University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, United Kingdom.

The number of studies and theoretical contributions on emotion regulation has grown rapidly. In this article we describe the concept of flexible emotion regulation. We argue that the effectiveness of specific emotion regulation strategies depends on the interaction of the features of a situation and personality characteristics of the individual regulating his/her emotions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00072DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367256PMC
February 2019

Engaging With Contemporary Dance: What Can Body Movements Tell us About Audience Responses?

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:71. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Risk and Information Management, School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom.

In live performances seated audiences have restricted opportunities for response. Some responses are obvious, such as applause and cheering, but there are also many apparently incidental movements including posture shifts, fixing hair, scratching and adjusting glasses. Do these movements provide clues to people's level of engagement with a performance? Our basic hypothesis is that audience responses are part of a bi-directional system of audience-performer communication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367272PMC
February 2019

Awareness of Emotional Expressions in Cannabis Users: An Event-Related Potential Study.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:69. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Strategic Hub for Psychology, Social Work, Health Behaviours and Addictions, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley, Scotland.

Cannabis use has been associated with anxiogenic effects when used in low frequency for a short duration, but cannabis can also have anxiogenic effects when used heavily for a long duration. Animal studies have indicated the neurobiological mechanisms related to cannabis and anxiety; however, research has been limited on the related neurocognitive mechanisms. Previous research has indicated that cannabis use is associated with alterations in event-related potentials (ERPs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367265PMC
February 2019

The Relationship Between Morphological Awareness and Reading Comprehension Among Chinese Children.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:54. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Collaborative Innovation Center of Assessment toward Basic Education Quality, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.

The present study examined the developmental relationship between morphological awareness and reading comprehension, using a 1-year longitudinal study with a sample of 439 Chinese-speaking students in Grades 1, 3, and 5, respectively. Children's text reading and three components of morphological awareness: homophone awareness, homograph awareness and compounding awareness were measured. After controlling for word reading, vocabulary knowledge, IQ, rapid automatized naming and phonological awareness measured at the initial level, the structural equation modeling results indicated that children's compounding awareness made a significant direct contribution to reading comprehension only from Grade 5 to 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00054DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367908PMC
February 2019

Time Is Not More Abstract Than Space in Sound.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:48. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Time is talked about in terms of space more frequently than the other way around. Some have suggested that this asymmetry runs deeper than language. The idea that we think about abstract domains (like time) in terms of relatively more concrete domains (like space) but not can be traced to Conceptual Metaphor Theory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367220PMC
February 2019

Ethnic-Cultural Bullying Versus Personal Bullying: Specificity and Measurement of Discriminatory Aggression and Victimization Among Adolescents.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:46. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Psychology, Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain.

The present study contrasts personal bullying with ethnic-cultural bullying. A representative pluricultural sample from a Spanish adolescent population of Secondary Education took part in the study ( = 27369). The sample filled in the EBIPQ to measure personal bullying. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00046DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367499PMC
February 2019

Puzzle-Solving Activity as an Indicator of Epistemic Confusion.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:163. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

School of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.

When students perform complex cognitive activities, such as solving a problem, epistemic emotions can occur and influence the completion of the task. Confusion is one of these emotions and it can produce either negative or positive outcomes, according to the situation. For this reason, considering confusion can be an important factor for educators to evaluate students' progression in cognitive activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00163DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365428PMC
January 2019

Brief Metacognitive Therapy for Emotional Distress in Adult Cancer Survivors.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:162. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Adult cancer survivors often experience substantial psychological morbidity following the completion of acute cancer treatment. Unfortunately, current psychological interventions are of limited efficacy. This study explored if metacognitive therapy (MCT); a brief transdiagnostic psychological intervention was potentially efficacious and could be delivered effectively to adult cancer survivors with psychological morbidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00162DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365419PMC
January 2019

Toward a New Approach to Cross-Cultural Distinctiveness and Typicality of Human Faces: The Cross-Group Typicality/ Distinctiveness Metric.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:124. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychology, Boǧaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey.

In the present research, we took advantage of geometric morphometrics to propose a data-driven method for estimating the individual degree of facial typicality/distinctiveness for cross-cultural (and other cross-group) comparisons. Looking like a stranger in one's home culture may be somewhat stressful. The same facial appearance, however, might become advantageous within an outgroup population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00124DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365443PMC
January 2019

The Relationship Between Assistance Satisfaction and Negative Affect in Long-Term Social Assistance Recipients in China: The Moderating Role of Self-Acceptance.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:109. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

School of Management, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China.

Public welfare in China is less universal, comprehensive, and generous when compared with other welfare regimes, especially for individuals with occupational disease. The assistance satisfaction of Chinese pneumoconiosis patients, a typical group of long-term social assistance recipients, has been linked to diminished health and psychological well-being. Self-acceptance is theorized to promote well-being, which may buffer the negative consequences of negative emotion on assistance satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365466PMC
January 2019

Corrigendum: Development of an Online and Offline Integration Hypothesis for Healthy Internet Use: Theory and Preliminary Evidence.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:106. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychiatry, Child Study Center, Department of Neuroscience, and the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366243PMC
January 2019

Psychometric Properties of the SAS, BAI, and S-AI in Chinese University Students.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:93. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

School of Psychology, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang, China.

Three widely-used self-report anxiety scales, including the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and the State Anxiety Inventory (S-AI), were used to simultaneously compare the psychometric properties via an item response theory (IRT) model with Chinese university students as the sample. Although these scales were probably to measure the same underlying construct, namely, anxiety, their psychometric properties were different. Results showed that the BAI's measurement error was fewer than that of the other scales, with their anxiety severity ranging approximately from the 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00093DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365890PMC
January 2019

Math Anxiety in Combination With Low Visuospatial Memory Impairs Math Learning in Children.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:89. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychology, University of Tuebingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Math anxiety impairs academic achievements in mathematics. According to the processing efficiency theory (PET), the adverse effect is the result of reduced processing capacity in working memory (WM). However, this relationship has been examined mostly with correlational designs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00089DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365936PMC
January 2019

Later Positivity Reflects Post-perceptual Processes: Evidence From Immediate Detection and Delayed Detection Tasks.

Authors:
Muwang Ye Yong Lyu

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:82. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Academy of Psychology and Behavior, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin, China.

Electrophysiological recordings are usually used to study neural correlates of consciousness (NCCs). The aim of our present study was to use two detection tasks to dissociate the electrophysiological correlates of visual awareness from the post-perceptual processes. In immediate detection task, participants had to quickly report whether the stimulus was presented after stimulus, whereas in delayed detection task, participants had to put off reporting whether the stimulus was presented after stimulus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00082DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365435PMC
January 2019

Shared Knowledge and Verbal Communication in Football: Changes in Team Cognition Through Collective Training.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:77. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Institute of Sport Science, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

One of the psychological mechanisms that contribute to effective and efficient team actions is team cognition, defined either as shared knowledge states about game situations, teammates' skills, and action probabilities or direct communication processes in the team action itself. Particularly in interactive team sports (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00077DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365450PMC
January 2019

Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Depression: A Systematic Review.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:64. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

The Second Medical College, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Depression is a common mental disorder worldwide. Psychological treatments and antidepressant medication are the usual treatments for depression. However, a large proportion of patients with depression do not respond to the treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00064DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365437PMC
January 2019

A Short Note on Aberrant Responses Bias in Item Response Theory.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:43. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

School of Education Science, Beihua University, Jilin City, China.

Item response models often cannot calculate true individual response probabilities because of the existence of response disturbances (such as guessing and cheating). Many studies on aberrant responses under item response theory (IRT) framework had been conducted. Some of them focused on how to reduce the effect of aberrant responses, and others focused on how to detect aberrant examinees, such as person fit analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00043DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365413PMC
January 2019

The Effect of the Irreversible Inequality on Pro-social Behaviors of People With Disabilities.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:12. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department and Institute of Psychology, Ningbo University, Ningbo, China.

Inequalities have always been central to psychology, sociology and related fields such as social policy, gender studies, critical race studies, and human geography. Although inequality affects pro-social behaviors, there are still some controversies over this issue among people with disabilities. The current study aimed to investigate pro-social behaviors of people with disabilities and the effect of the irreversible inequality on pro-social behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366110PMC
January 2019

What Machine Learning Can Tell Us About the Role of Language Dominance in the Diagnostic Accuracy of German LITMUS Non-word and Sentence Repetition Tasks.

Front Psychol 2018 30;9:2757. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Dutch, University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany.

The present study investigates the performance of 21 monolingual and 56 bilingual children aged 5;6-9;0 on German LITMUS-sentence-repetition (SRT; Hamann et al., 2013) and non-word-repetition-tasks (NWRT; Grimm et al., 2014), which were constructed in accordance with the -principles (anguage mpairment esting in ultilingual ettings; Armon-Lotem et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02757DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363680PMC
January 2019

Cognitive, Behavioral, and Situational Influences on Relapse to Smoking After Group Treatment for Tobacco Dependence.

Front Psychol 2018 30;9:2756. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Community Health and Social Medicine, City University of New York School of Medicine, City College of New York, New York, NY, United States.

Socioeconomic disparities in treatment failure rates for evidence-based tobacco dependence treatment are well-established. Adapted cognitive behavioral treatments are extensively tailored to meet the needs of lower socioeconomic status (SES) smokers and dramatically improve early treatment success, but there is little understanding of why treatment failure occurs after a longer period of abstinence than with standard treatment, why early treatment success is not sustained, and why long-term treatment failure rates are no different from standard treatments. We sought to understand the causes of treatment failure from the perspective of diverse participants who relapsed after receiving standard or adapted treatment in a randomized control trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02756DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363657PMC
January 2019

Persistence of Effects of VLBW/PT Birth Status and Maternal Emotional Availability (EA) on Child EA Trajectories.

Front Psychol 2018 29;9:2715. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Centre for Research in Human Development, Department of Psychology, Concordia University, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Few studies have examined the longitudinal impact of birth status on the infant-mother relationship and on children's socio-emotional development. In the present study we investigated developmental patterns of such relationships [using the Emotional Availability (EA) Scales] in fullterm and VLBW/PT infants from infancy to emerging school age. Our objectives were to: (a) model the developmental trajectories of EA dimensions (maternal sensitivity, structuring, non-hostility; child responsiveness, involvement) in a VLBW/PT and fullterm sample, (b) identify potential effects of VLBW/PT status on these trajectories, and (c) determine whether the effects of VLBW/PT status on children's socio-emotional development (child EA) remained after accounting for the effect of maternal EA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02715DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361804PMC
January 2019