162 results match your criteria Friction Blisters

Nondestructive Quantitative Evaluation of Yarns and Fabrics and Determination of Contact Area of Fabrics Using the X-ray Microcomputed Tomography System for Skin-Textile Friction Analysis.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Jan 11;13(3):4652-4664. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Wilson College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27606, United States.

In different mechanical conditions, repetitive friction in combination with pressure, shear, temperature, and moisture leads to skin discomfort and imposes the risks of developing skin injuries such as blisters and pressure ulcers, frequently reported in athletes, military personnel, and in people with compromised skin conditions and/or immobility. Textiles next to skin govern the skin microclimate, have the potential to influence the mechanical contact with skin, and contribute to skin comfort and health. The adhesion-friction theory suggests that contact area is a critical factor to influence adhesion, and therefore, friction force. Read More

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January 2021

Pool Toes: Case Report and Review of Pool-Associated Pedal Dermatoses.

Philip R Cohen

Cureus 2020 Nov 28;12(11):e11756. Epub 2020 Nov 28.

Dermatology, San Diego Family Dermatology, National City, USA.

Pool swimmers are susceptible to pedal dermatoses. The causes for these conditions are asteototic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, friction-induced injury, infections, keratoderma, pruritus, thermal injury, ultraviolet radiation exposure, and urticaria. The specific dermatoses include aquagenic keratoderma, aquagenic pruritus, aquagenic urticaria, cold-induced urticaria, contact urticaria, erosion interdigitalis blastomycetica, erythrasma, Mycobacterium abscessus hand and foot disease, onychomycosis, photosensitivity, pitted keratolysis, plantar verruca, pool dermatitis, pool feet, pool toes, pool water dermatitis, pseudomonas hot-foot syndrome, skin cancer, subcorneal hematoma, sunburn, swim fin dermatitis, tinea pedis, toe web infection, and xerosis. Read More

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November 2020

Recurrent Ulcerations in an 84-Year-Old Male Diagnosed with Hailey-Hailey Disease.

Case Rep Dermatol 2020 Sep-Dec;12(3):209-212. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Department of Pathology, Royal Medical Services, Riffa, Bahrain.

Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD), or familial benign chronic pemphigus, is a rare inherited acantholytic dermatosis. It is an autosomal dominant disease affecting the intertriginous areas. HHD has been characterized by flaccid blisters, erosions, and macerations that are limited to flexural (friction-prone) areas. Read More

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November 2020

Prophylactic Dressings for Maintaining Skin Integrity of Healthcare Workers When Using N95 Respirators While Preventing Contamination Due to the Novel Coronavirus: A Quality Improvement Project.

J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2020 Nov/Dec;47(6):551-557

Michelle Pacis, BSN, RN, CWOCN, Department of Wound, Ostomy and Continence, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California.

Purpose: Extended use of N95 respirator masks is far more prevalent during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. As WOC nurses, we were tasked with formulating procedures for protecting the facial skin integrity of healthcare workers (HCWs) using personal protective devices when caring for patients with suspected or active COVID-19, while avoiding contamination when the masks are donned or doffed. This quality improvement project describes how we approached this project within the limited time frame available as we cared for patients with established and suspected COVID-19. Read More

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November 2020

Optimize General Anesthesia for a Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa Patient That Cannot Be Intubated.

Asian J Anesthesiol 2020 09 24;58(3):111-114. Epub 2020 Jul 24.

Department of Dermatology, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) is a rare genetic skin disease characterized by blisters and ulcers on the skin and mucosa after minor friction. The risk of invasive squamous cell carcinoma on the unhealed ulcers increases with age. Tracheal intubation during general anesthesia may induce tracheal stricture due to blister formation and/or scarring in DEB patients and cause severe airway obstruction. Read More

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September 2020

Exploring the Mechanism for Blister Prevention Using Moleskin.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2020 Nov;19(11):451-453

Esperance Podiatry (private practice); BlisterPod Pty Ltd and BlisterPod LLC, Esperance, WA, Australia.

Moleskin is a commonly used material in podiatry and sports medicine for blister prevention and treatment. Common understanding regarding its protective mechanism is reduction of friction at the interface between the foot and the sock/shoe. We argue that moleskin may actually increase friction at this interface, but nonetheless prevents blisters by dispersing shear load within the skin across a wider surface area, reducing potential for skin damage. Read More

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November 2020

COVID-19: An overview for dermatologists.

Int J Dermatol 2020 Dec 27;59(12):1437-1449. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, UK.

Numerous unexplained pneumonia cases were reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) by Wuhan, China, in December 2020. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), a zoonotic pathogen, came into sight, spreading coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) all over the globe. Association of cutaneous signs and symptoms with COVID-19 is being studied worldwide, principally, to determine if these dermatoses can help in early recognition of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Read More

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December 2020

Do Athletes Practicing Outdoors Know and Care Enough About the Importance of Photoprotection?

Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2020 Jul;28(1):41-42

Prof. Marija Buljan, MD, PhD, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Centre, Vinogradska 29, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia;

Athletes practicing and competing outdoors are exposed to considerable UV radiation and at an increased risk for the development of UV-related skin conditions, including skin cancer. Risk factors for skin cancer include genetics, immune status, and particularly UV radiation. Independent factors, such as phototype, family or personal history of melanoma, number of nevi, atypical nevi and solar lentigines, as well as sunburn history are also important risk indicators for skin cancer, especially melanoma (1-3). Read More

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Oral rehabilitation with dental implants in patients with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa: A retrospective study with 2-15 years of follow-up.

Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2020 Mar 1;25(2):e262-e267. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Background: Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) comprises a group of hereditary disorders characterized by mechanical fragility of the skin and mucous membranes, with the development of blisters and vesicles in response to minimum tissue friction. Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) with generalized involvement is the most common subtype in the oral cavity. The present study was carried out to investigate dental implant survival, peri-implant tissue condition, patient satisfaction, and the impact of treatment upon the quality of life of patients with RDEB rehabilitated with implants and full-arch implant-supported prostheses. Read More

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Friction Blister by Climbing Harness: A Case Report.

Wilderness Environ Med 2019 Sep 20;30(3):302-305. Epub 2019 Jun 20.

Mountain Medicine Society of Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal; Kristi Primary Health Center, Pokhara, Nepal.

An experienced 24-y-old climber on Mount Everest presented to the Base Camp medical clinic with a friction blister on his right flank. The blister was filled with clear fluid and was located about 3 cm posterior and 3 cm superior to the highest point of the right iliac crest, the site where a climbing harness would support the climber while hanging. A diagnosis of friction blister caused by a climbing harness used while traversing between Camp 2 and Camp 3 of Mount Everest was made. Read More

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September 2019

Evaluation of the extent of damage to the esophageal wall caused by press-through package ingestion.

PeerJ 2019 18;7:e6763. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Research and Development of Next Generation Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Press-through package (PTP) is the most common accidentally ingested foreign body in Japan. Accidental ingestion of PTP can result in esophageal damage. An approach for evaluating the risk of esophageal injury has not been established. Read More

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Orofacial management for epidermolysis bullosa during wisdom tooth removal surgery: A technical note.

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Nov 22;120(5):467-470. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of maxillofacial surgery, university institute of the face and neck, university hospital of Nice, 31, avenue de Valombrose, 06100 Nice, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a heterogeneous group of genetic diseases characterized by cutaneous and/or mucosal fragility. Blisters can occur spontaneously or because of minor friction on facial skin or the oral cavity. The repercussions of these dermatoses complicate the management of patients during surgery; for example, wisdom teeth removal might be complicated because of the limited mouth opening and mucosal lesions may be aggravated when the area of the wisdom teeth is being explored. Read More

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November 2019

A novel splice-site mutation in the ATP2C1 gene of a Chinese family with Hailey-Hailey disease.

J Cell Biochem 2019 03 11;120(3):3630-3636. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Center for Experimental Medicine, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD), also known as familial benign chronic pemphigus, is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis. It is characterized by erosions, blisters and erythematous plaques at sites of friction or intertriginous areas. The pathogenic gene of HHD has been revealed as the ATPase secretory pathway Ca transporting 1 gene ( ATP2C1), which encodes the protein, secretory pathway Ca /Mn -ATPase 1 (SPCA1). Read More

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Interface-Governed Deformation of Nanobubbles and Nanotents Formed by Two-Dimensional Materials.

Phys Rev Lett 2018 Dec;121(26):266101

Center for Mechanics of Solids, Structures and Materials, Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA.

Nanoblisters such as nanobubbles and nanotents formed by two-dimensional (2D) materials have been extensively exploited for strain engineering purposes as they can produce self-sustained, nonuniform in-plane strains through out-of-plane deformation. However, deterministic measure and control of strain fields in these systems are challenging because of the atomic thinness and unconventional interface behaviors of 2D materials. Here, we experimentally characterize a simple and unified power law for the profiles of a variety of nanobubbles and nanotents formed by 2D materials such as graphene and MoS_{2} layers. Read More

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December 2018

Topical sucralfate cream treatment for aplasia cutis congenita with dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa: a case study.

J Wound Care 2018 11;27(11):768-771

Associate Professor, Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatric Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey.

Bart syndrome consists of aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) and dominant or recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB), associated with skin fragility and nail dysplasia. ACC in DEB is thought to be caused by trauma, the most cited cause being in utero formation of bullae consequent to friction of the limbs. Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) refers to a hereditary mechanobullous disease following trauma, characterised by formation of blisters on the skin and mucous membranes. Read More

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November 2018

Basal pharmacokinetic parameters of topically applied diacerein in pediatric patients with generalized severe epidermolysis bullosa simplex.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2018 11 1;13(1):193. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

EB House Austria, Research Program for Molecular Therapy of Genodermatoses, Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of the Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Muellner Hauptstrasse 48, 5020, Salzburg, Austria.

Generalized severe epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS-gen sev) is caused by mutations within either the KRT5 or KRT14 gene, phenotypically resulting in blistering and wounding of the skin and mucous membranes after minor mechanical friction. In a clinical phase 2/3 trial, diacerein has recently been shown to significantly reduce blister numbers upon topical application. In this study we addressed basic pharmacokinetic parameters of locally applied diacerein in vitro and in vivo. Read More

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November 2018

Treatment of Severe Hailey-Hailey Disease With Apremilast.

JAMA Dermatol 2018 12;154(12):1453-1456

Department of Dermatology, Université Nice Côte d'Azur, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Nice, Nice, France.

Importance: Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD) is a rare, autosomal-dominant acantholytic dermatosis characterized clinically by development of recurrent blisters and erosions in friction areas. Despite progression in our understanding of the molecular genetics of HHD, therapy remains suboptimal and there is no known cure.

Objective: To determine whether the novel phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor apremilast is effective in the treatment of HHD. Read More

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December 2018

Staphylococcal-scalded skin syndrome: evaluation, diagnosis, and management.

World J Pediatr 2018 04 5;14(2):116-120. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

The Pediatric Institute, Kuala Lumpur General Hospital, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Staphylococcal-scalded skin syndrome (SSSS), also known as Ritter disease, is a potentially life-threatening disorder and a pediatric emergency. Early diagnosis and treatment is imperative to reduce the morbidity and mortality of this condition. The purpose of this article is to familiarize physicians with the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of SSSS. Read More

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Adhesion, Stiffness, and Instability in Atomically Thin MoS Bubbles.

Nano Lett 2017 09 3;17(9):5329-5334. Epub 2017 Aug 3.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Boston University , Boston, Massachusetts 02215 United States.

We measured the work of separation of single and few-layer MoS membranes from a SiO substrate using a mechanical blister test and found a value of 220 ± 35 mJ/m. Our measurements were also used to determine the 2D Young's modulus (E) of a single MoS layer to be 160 ± 40 N/m. We then studied the delamination mechanics of pressurized MoS bubbles, demonstrating both stable and unstable transitions between the bubbles' laminated and delaminated states as the bubbles were inflated. Read More

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September 2017

Prevention of Friction Blisters in Outdoor Pursuits: A Systematic Review.

Wilderness Environ Med 2017 Jun;28(2):139-149

Department of Emergency Medicine, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY (Dr Joslin).

The purpose of this systematic review was to determine if sock, antiperspirant, or barrier strategies were effective in prevention of friction blisters in wilderness and outdoor pursuits. A search of PubMed and EMBASE was conducted. Title, abstract, and full text articles were screened by 2 authors using predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria to identify prospective controlled trials investigating prevention methods for friction blisters involving the foot. Read More

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Bullous morphoea: a retrospective study.

Clin Exp Dermatol 2017 Jul 22;42(5):532-535. Epub 2017 May 22.

Section of Dermatology, Mario Aresu Department of Medical Science, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Bullous morphoea is a rare variant of localized scleroderma whose pathogenesis has been widely discussed. We retrospectively reviewed the records of all histopathologically confirmed cases of morphoea followed from 2005 to 2015 at the Dermatology Clinic and Pathology Institute of the University of Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy. Among 137 patients with morphoea, 2 cases of the bullous variant were identified, which were successfully treated with methotrexate. Read More

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Nitrous oxide for procedural analgesia at home in a child with epidermolysis bullosa.

Paediatr Anaesth 2017 Jul 11;27(7):776-778. Epub 2017 May 11.

Department of Anesthesia, Clinica Las Condes, Santiago, Chile.

Epidermolysis bullosa comprises a range of conditions characterized by fragile skin with painful blistering induced by minor trauma and friction. The Dowling-Meara variant is a severe form characterized by disseminated painful blistering requiring lifelong skin and wound care. The natural history of the disease is characterized by a chronic course that tends to improve with advancing age. Read More

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Effect of CO laser power intensity on the surface morphology and friction behavior of alumina ceramic brackets.

Microsc Res Tech 2017 Aug 3;80(8):923-929. Epub 2017 May 3.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Objective: This study aims at reducing frictional resistance of the ceramic brackets by using CO laser irradiation.

Methods: Forty-two polycrystalline Al O ceramic brackets were randomly divided into six groups of seven samples: a control group B0 (not subjected to laser irradiation) and five groups subjected to irradiation with intensities of 10 (B10), 30 (B30), 70 (B70), 90 (B90), and 110 (B110) J/cm . After irradiation, two samples from each group were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM), while the remaining five samples were tested for frictional resistance. Read More

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Anesthetic Management of a Patient With Epidermolysis Bullosa Requiring Major Orthopedic Surgery: A Case Report.

A A Case Rep 2017 Aug;9(3):73-76

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Children's Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) encompasses a wide spectrum of rare genetic disorders in which an abnormality in collagen leads to loss or absence of normal intracellular bridges. Friction or shear forces on the skin and mucosa result in blister, bullae, and scar formation. We present our experience in the management of a patient with EB who required multiple procedures for squamous cell carcinoma of the left arm, including forequarter amputation. Read More

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First-Aid Treatment for Friction Blisters: "Walking Into the Right Direction?"

Clin J Sport Med 2018 Jan;28(1):37-42

Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Objective: Blisters are common foot injuries during and after prolonged walking. However, the best treatment remains unclear. The aim of the study was to compare the effect of 2 different friction blister treatment regimens, wide area fixation dressing versus adhesive tape. Read More

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January 2018

[A diabetic patient with blisters].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2017 ;161:D838

UMC Utrecht, afd. Interne Geneeskunde, Utrecht.

A 64-year-old male suffering from poorly controlled diabetes mellitus type II was evaluated at the outpatient clinic after developing several fluid-filled blisters on his fingers. There was no history of trauma or friction. Eventually, he was diagnosed with bullosis diabeticorum. Read More

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Friction Blisters on the Hands Treated Successfully Using 2-Octyl Cyanoacrylate: A Case Report.

J Cutan Med Surg 2017 May/Jun;21(3):253-255. Epub 2016 Nov 4.

2 The Philadelphia Hand Center, P.C., Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Friction blisters on the hand are challenging to treat as conventional dressings are prone to saturation, contamination, and loosening with active hand use and other mechanical stresses. Alternative methods and materials for dressing hand blisters warrant exploration.

Case Summary: A 48-year-old male surgeon presented with friction blisters over his bilateral thumbs. Read More

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Atomic intercalation to measure adhesion of graphene on graphite.

Nat Commun 2016 10 31;7:13263. Epub 2016 Oct 31.

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA.

The interest in mechanical properties of two-dimensional materials has emerged in light of new device concepts taking advantage of flexing, adhesion and friction. Here we demonstrate an effective method to measure adhesion of graphene atop highly ordered pyrolytic graphite, utilizing atomic-scale 'blisters' created in the top layer by neon atom intercalates. Detailed analysis of scanning tunnelling microscopy images is used to reconstruct atomic positions and the strain map within the deformed graphene layer, and demonstrate the tip-induced subsurface translation of neon atoms. Read More

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October 2016

Temperature measurement and control system for transtibial prostheses: Functional evaluation.

Assist Technol 2018 14;30(1):16-23. Epub 2016 Nov 14.

c Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics , University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

The accumulation of heat inside the prosthetic socket increases skin temperature and fosters perspiration, which consequently leads to high tissue stress, friction blister, discomfort, unpleasant odor, and decreased prosthesis suspension and use. In the present study, the prototype of a temperature measurement and control (TM&C) system was designed, fabricated, and functionally evaluated in a phantom model of the transtibial prosthetic socket. The TM&C system was comprised of 12 thermistors divided equally into two groups that arranged internal and external to a prosthetic silicone liner. Read More

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September 2019