22 results match your criteria Freiberg Infraction

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Diagnosis and conservative management of great toe pathologies: a review.

Postgrad Med 2021 May 4;133(4):409-420. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Acute great toe (Hallux) pain is a common complaint encountered by the primary care physician. Pathological conditions can vary from acute trauma to acute exacerbation of underlying chronic conditions. Delay in treatment or misdiagnosis can lead to debilitating loss of function and long-lasting pain. Read More

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Management of acute lesser toe pain.

Postgrad Med 2021 Apr 18;133(3):320-329. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Patients with foot pain commonly present to their primary care physicians for their initial management and treatment. These patients and their respective foot or lesser toe pain can present the physician with a complex problem with a long differential list. Depending on the timing of the pain and underlying pathology, these differentials can be divided into acute and acute exacerbation of chronic conditions. Read More

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Surgical Management of Freiberg Disease by Dorsal Closing Wedge Osteotomy.

Malays Orthop J 2020 Nov;14(3):161-165

Department of Orthopaedics, Sher -i - Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS) Medical College Bemina, Srinagar, India.

Introduction: The purpose of the study was to assess the efficacy of the dorsal closing wedge osteotomy for the treatment of Freiburg's infraction.

Material And Methods: Twenty patients with Freiburg's infraction were admitted at our hospital over a period of six years. Patients with a normal plantar contour of the metatarsal head were included. Read More

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November 2020

Outcome of Lesser Metatarsophalangeal Joint Interpositional Arthroplasty With Tendon Allograft.

Foot Ankle Int 2020 03 31;41(3):313-319. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Washington University in St. Louis, Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Background: Lesser toe metatarsal head degeneration and collapse can cause significant pain and disability. In the setting of global metatarsal head collapse, there are limited operative options. The purpose of our study was to evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes after lesser toe metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint interpositional arthroplasty with a tendon allograft and to describe the operative technique. Read More

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Arthroscopic Dorsal Closing-Wedge Osteotomy of Metatarsal Head for Management of Freiberg Infraction.

Arthrosc Tech 2019 Nov 7;8(11):e1289-e1293. Epub 2019 Oct 7.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, United Christian Hospital, Hong Kong, China.

Freiberg infraction is a relatively rare osteochondrosis of the lesser metatarsal head. Operative treatment is indicated if conservative treatment fails to relieve the pain. Dorsal closing-wedge osteotomy is a realignment osteotomy of the metatarsal head and neck to redirect the articular surface, allowing the intact plantar cartilage to articulate with the proximal phalanx. Read More

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November 2019

Osteochondral Autologous Transplantation Versus Dorsal Closing Wedge Metatarsal Osteotomy for the Treatment of Freiberg Infraction in Athletes: A Randomized Controlled Study With 3-Year Follow-up.

Am J Sports Med 2019 08 12;47(10):2367-2373. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

First Orthopaedic Department, 424 Military General Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Background: Dorsiflexion closing wedge metatarsal osteotomy (DCWMO) has been considered the traditional treatment of Freiberg disease. Several case reports presented osteochondral autologous transplantation (OAT) as an alternative treatment.

Purpose/hypothesis: The purpose was to compare the results of DCWMO versus OAT for the treatment of Freiberg infraction in an athletic population. Read More

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Magnetic resonance imaging of subchondral insufficiency fractures of the lower limb.

Skeletal Radiol 2019 Jul 31;48(7):1011-1021. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Stanmore, UK.

Subchondral insufficiency fracture (SIF) is a non-traumatic condition that has historically been associated with elderly, osteoporotic women and patients with systemic conditions. There has been much work done to determine the pathogenesis of SIF, which has previously been regarded as idiopathic, rapid-progressive osteoarthritis or osteonecrosis of the hip, spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SONK), osteochondral defect (OCD) of the talus and adult-onset Freiberg infraction of the metatarsal head. Early diagnosis and management are crucial to prevent subchondral collapse, secondary osteonecrosis and early-onset osteoarthritis. Read More

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Imaging Features of Avascular Necrosis of the Foot and Ankle.

Foot Ankle Clin 2019 Mar 26;24(1):17-33. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Radiology and (by courtesy) Orthopedics and Bioengineering, Department of Radiology, Stanford University, 1201 Welch Road, Room P-263, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address:

Avascular necrosis of the foot and ankle is a rare but important cause of pain and functional abnormality. This process may occur in any bone in the foot and ankle; however, it presents most often in characteristic locations. Understanding of key radiographic findings is important in management of these lesions. Read More

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Radiol Clin North Am 2018 Nov;56(6):877-892

Department of Radiology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461, USA. Electronic address:

Although causes of metatarsalgia are multifactorial, in practice these most commonly include osseous stress reaction or fracture (including subchondral injury) and interdigital neuroma or plantar plate tear with adjacent pseudoneuroma. The various roles of radiography, ultrasonography, and MR imaging are discussed, and relevant technical issues and imaging findings are reviewed in order to facilitate accurate diagnosis and guide proper treatment of metatarsalgia. Read More

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November 2018

Late Stage Freiberg Infraction in a Division I Collegiate Tennis Player.

J Orthop Case Rep 2015 Jul-Sep;5(3):12-4

Family and Community Medicine & Sports Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center 3601 4th Street Lubbock, TX 79430.

Introduction: Freiberg infraction is a relatively rare osteochondrosis of the metatarsal head. The etiology of Freiberg infraction is poorly understood but likely involves factors such as, repetitive trauma and vascular compromise. When discovered early, Freiberg infraction can be cured with conservative measures but late presentations require surgical intervention. Read More

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Surgical Management of Freiberg's Infraction: A Systematic Review.

Valerie L Schade

Foot Ankle Spec 2015 Dec 19;8(6):498-519. Epub 2015 May 19.

Unlabelled: Avascular necrosis of the second metatarsal head was first described by Freiberg in 1913. Conservative treatment includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, reduced activity, padding, orthotics, and immobilization. Should conservative treatment fail, a wide variety of surgical procedures exist; however, the optimal procedure is unknown. Read More

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December 2015

Single-photon Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography Delineation of Freiberg Infraction.

J Med Imaging Radiat Sci 2014 Jun 4;45(2):137-140. Epub 2014 Feb 4.

Faculty of Science, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, Australia; RIL/Imed, Wagga Wagga, Australia.

The role of nuclear medicine diagnostic bone scanning is well established and the influence of coregistration between single-photon emission computed tomography and computed tomography well documented. This case provides an insight into a less frequently encountered pathology in which the combination of single-photon emission computed tomography and computed tomography permitted the differentiation of potential pathology. Read More

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Freiberg's infraction: diagnosis and treatment.

Foot Ankle Spec 2014 Feb 5;7(1):52-6. Epub 2013 Dec 5.

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

Freiberg's infraction is a condition of cartilage degeneration of the lesser metatarsal heads. Adolescent females are the "textbook" patients but both males and females may present with this condition later in life. The second and third metatarsals are the most commonly affected, while involvement of the fourth and fifth is rare. Read More

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February 2014

Second metatarsophalangeal joint pathology and freiberg disease.

Clin Podiatr Med Surg 2013 Jul;30(3):313-25

Orlando Foot and Ankle Clinics, 250 North Alafaya Trail, Suite 105, Orlando, FL 32825, USA.

Pain in the second metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) is a complaint frequently encountered by foot and ankle specialists. The pathology associated with this joint is often painful and debilitating for the patient. In the past, typical treatment protocols for second MTPJ pathology were aimed at relief of patient symptoms. Read More

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Women's musculoskeletal foot conditions exacerbated by shoe wear: an imaging perspective.

Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 2011 Apr;40(4):183-91

Boston VA Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, USA.

The predominance of several musculoskeletal foot conditions in women are largely the result of biomechanical alterations caused by ill-fitting shoes. In particular, the altered biomechanics (associated with high-heeled shoes and shoes with a narrowed toe box) has been linked to the genesis of hallux valgus, hammer toe deformity, Haglund syndrome, metatarsal stress fracture, Freiberg infraction, and Morton neuroma. In reviewing the imaging findings of several of these conditions, we emphasize the role of radiographs, special radiographic views, and the utility of more costly studies, such as magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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Foot problems in the adolescent.

John R Kean

Adolesc Med State Art Rev 2007 May;18(1):182-91, xi

Department of Orthopaedics, Ohio State University, Columbus Children's Hospital, 3rd Floor, Education Building, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH 43205, USA.

The treatment of foot problems in the adolescent should be nonsurgical whenever possible. Surgical treatment should be considered when medical treatment does not relieve pain. Surgical corrections to prevent problems in adulthood may cause complications and lead to an undesirable outcome. Read More

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Freiberg's infraction in identical twins: a case report.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2005 May-Jun;44(3):218-21

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kaiser Permanente, Santa Rosa, CA, USA.

Freiberg's infraction is an ostechondrosis of a lesser metatarsal head resulting in degeneration of the metatarsophalangeal joint. Several mechanisms have been suggested in its pathenogenesis. Freiberg first described the entity and believed single impact trauma was the underlying cause. Read More

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September 2005

Forefoot pain involving the metatarsal region: differential diagnosis with MR imaging.

Radiographics 2001 Nov-Dec;21(6):1425-40

Department of Radiology, Ohio State University Medical Center, S209 Rhodes Hall, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.

Many disorders produce discomfort in the metatarsal region of the forefoot. These disorders include traumatic lesions of the soft tissues and bones (eg, turf toe, plantar plate disruption, sesamoiditis, stress fracture, stress response), Freiberg infraction, infection, arthritis, tendon disorders (eg, tendinosis, tenosynovitis, tendon rupture), nonneoplastic soft-tissue masses (eg, ganglia, bursitis, granuloma, Morton neuroma), and, less frequently, soft-tissue and bone neoplasms. Prior to the advent of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, many of these disorders were not diagnosed noninvasively, and radiologic involvement in the evaluation of affected patients was limited. Read More

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Freiberg's infraction in a collegiate heptathlete.

J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2000 Feb;90(2):77-80

Department of Orthopedics, Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.

In 1914, Freiberg described a condition of infraction of the second metatarsal head. At the time, he considered direct trauma to be the etiologic agent, but he later disproved this by demonstrating a case without a history of trauma. This article describes a case of Freiberg's infraction in a female collegiate heptathlete and the effects of conservative treatment of her condition with custom-made orthoses. Read More

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February 2000

Core decompression as a novel treatment for early Freiberg's infraction of the second metatarsal head.

Orthopedics 1995 Dec;18(12):1177-8

Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Hospitals, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA.

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December 1995

Freiberg disease complicating unrelated trauma.

Orthopedics 1988 May;11(5):753-7

Department of Radiology, SUNY Health Science Center, Syracuse, NY 13210.

Freiberg's infraction is an avascular necrosis of the metatarsal head characterized by the development of disorderliness of chondrogenesis and osteogenesis in previously normal bone. Radiographic findings follow the pathological progression of bony changes. The presented cases document the development of avascular necrosis in a previously normal metatarsal that occurred after trauma or surgery elsewhere in the foot. Read More

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