833 results match your criteria Fracture Scapular


Inlay versus Onlay Humeral Design for Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2022 Jun 4. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Division of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital, NYU Langone Health, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Since the introduction of the Grammont style reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA), the humeral stem design has been modified with improved clinical outcomes. Two distinct humeral designs have been utilized extensively: the inlay where the humeral tray is seated within the metaphysis and the onlay design where the humerus tray sits on the metaphysis at the level of the humeral neck cut. The purpose of this systematic review is to determine if there are differences in clinical outcomes and complication rates between these designs. Read More

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Modified Double-Row and Double-Pulley Technique for the Treatment of Type Ia Scapular Glenoid Fractures.

Orthop Surg 2022 May 31. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Sports Medicine, Wuhan Forth Hospital, Wuhan, 430033, China.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of the double-row and double-pulley technique in treating anterior shoulder glenoid fracture (Ideberg type Ia) using shoulder arthroscopy.

Methods: Thirty-six patients with Ideberg type Ia admitted from March 1, 2017, to March 1, 2020, were retrospectively reviewed. Data of the patients' history included age, sex, side of the affected arm, the mean time from injury to surgery, the surgical duration, the average blood loss, and the average total duration of hospital stay. Read More

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Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty for Proximal Humerus Head-Split Fractures-A Retrospective Cohort Study.

J Clin Med 2022 May 17;11(10). Epub 2022 May 17.

Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery, Charité-Universitaetsmedizin, 13353 Berlin, Germany.

Head-split fractures are proximal humerus fractures (PHF) that result from fracture lines traversing the articular surface. While head-split fractures are rare, surgical treatment of these complex injuries can be extremely challenging and is associated with high rates of complications. Treatment using primary reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) has been associated with moderate complication rates and reproducible clinical results. Read More

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Mid-term outcomes after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty with latissimus dorsi transfer.

Shoulder Elbow 2022 Jun 8;14(3):286-294. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Mount Sinai Health System, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is a common treatment for patients with rotator cuff arthropathy who have failed a prior rotator cuff repair. Latissimus dorsi transfer can be performed simultaneously to reverse total shoulder arthroplasty for patients with preoperative external rotation deficiency. Current literature is limited with several studies providing functional and pain improvements at short-term follow-up; however, there is a deficit in data regarding mid-term outcomes. Read More

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Delayed dorsal scapular artery hematoma following blunt thoracic trauma: a case report and review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2022 May 4;16(1):179. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Holbæk Hospital, Holbæk, Denmark.

Background: The present case contributes to the limited literature on delayed chest wall hematomas following blunt trauma. The literature review provides a summary of similar previously reported cases.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 59-year-old Caucasian male who presented to the emergency department with a rapidly expanding chest wall hematoma. Read More

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Clinical results of conservative versus operative treatment of Acromial and Scapular Spine Fractures following Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2022 Apr 18. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Department of Orthopaedics, Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.

Background: Acromial and scapular spine fractures are common complications after Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty (RTSA). There is limited information on treatment outcome of these fractures. It was, therefore the purpose of this study to compare the clinical outcome of operative and conservative treatment of patients with acromial or scapular spine fractures. Read More

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Humeral offset as a predictor of outcomes after reverse shoulder arthroplasty.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2022 Jun 1;31(6S):S158-S165. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Introduction: The Grammont-style reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) relies on medialization and distalization of the shoulder center of rotation. Lateralized designs have recently gained popularity. The amount of lateralization, however, remains a controversial topic. Read More

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Scapular Fractures at a Level 1 Trauma Center: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Qatar Med J 2022 2;2022(1). Epub 2022 Mar 2.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Sidra Medicine, Doha, Qatar.

Purpose: Scapular fractures are uncommon injuries that account for up to 1% of all fractures and 5% of all shoulder girdle fractures. Moreover, most of the evidence on the treatment of scapular fractures stems from case series, with paucity of comparative studies. Despite the lack of standardized criteria for the operative treatment of scapular fractures, a set of suggested radiological parameters has been recently reported. Read More

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Lung Injuries Associated with Scapular Fractures in Adult Traumatic Patients.

Arch Bone Jt Surg 2022 Jan;10(1):52-55

Emergency Medicine Department, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran.

Background: Scapular fractures are among the orthopedic injuries, which are associated with other injuries, such as lung injuries. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of lung injuries associated with scapular fractures in traumatic patients referred to a main trauma center in the south of Iran.

Methods: The present retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2016 to June 2019 on adult traumatic patients, who were referred to one of the main trauma centers in the south of Iran, and their data were recorded in the hospital information system. Read More

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January 2022

Imaging of traumatic shoulder injuries - Understanding the surgeon's perspective.

Eur J Radiol Open 2022 2;9:100411. Epub 2022 Mar 2.

Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, MA 02215, USA.

Imaging plays a key role in the assessment and management of traumatic shoulder injuries, and it is important to understand how the imaging details help guide orthopedic surgeons in determining the role for surgical treatment. Imaging is also crucial in preoperative planning, the longitudinal assessment after surgery and the identification of complications after treatment. This review discusses the mechanisms of injury, key imaging findings, therapeutic options and associated complications for the most common shoulder injuries, tailored to the orthopedic surgeon's perspective. Read More

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Severe acromioclavicular joint osteoarthritis is associated with acromial stress fractures after reverse shoulder arthroplasty.

JSES Int 2022 Mar 17;6(2):236-240. Epub 2021 Dec 17.

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Background: Little is known about the role of disorders of the acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) and how they relate to complications after reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). The purpose of this study is to compare the severity of ACJ osteoarthritis in patients undergoing RSA with and without postoperative acromial and scapular spine fractures.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed to identify all patients who underwent primary RSA between 1/1/2007 and 10/31/2019 with a postoperative acromial or scapular spine stress fracture from a single institution. Read More

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Metallic humeral and glenoid lateralized implants in reverse shoulder arthroplasty for cuff tear arthropathy and primary osteoarthritis.

JSES Int 2022 Mar 14;6(2):221-228. Epub 2021 Dec 14.

Department of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery, Charité-Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Metallic humeral and glenoid lateralized implants have been developed to prevent common problems that can emerge using Grammont's concept (ie, medialization of center of rotation, decreased humeral offset, scapular notching) in reverse shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of metallic humeral and glenoid lateralized implants for cuff tear arthropathy (CTA) and primary osteoarthritis (OA).

Methods: In this prospective study, patients with CTA or OA who underwent reverse shoulder arthroplasty using augmented base plates for glenoid lateralization and a "curved stem" design for the humeral side were included. Read More

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Clinical and Radiologic Outcomes of Small Glenoid Baseplate in Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty: A Prospective Multicenter Study.

Clin Orthop Surg 2022 Mar 21;14(1):119-127. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ewha Womans University Seoul Hospital, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcomes of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) using a small glenoid baseplate in patients with a small glenoid and to analyze the contributing factors to scapular notching.

Methods: A total of 71 RTSAs performed using a 25-mm baseplate were evaluated at a mean of 37.0 ± 3. Read More

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Arthroscopy-Assisted Reduction and Internal Fixation versus Open Reduction and Internal Fixation for Glenoid Fracture with Scapular Involvement: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

J Clin Med 2022 Feb 21;11(4). Epub 2022 Feb 21.

Department of Orthopedics, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 40447, Taiwan.

Background: We investigated the superiority of arthroscopy-assisted reduction and internal fixation (ARIF) to open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for treating glenoid fracture with scapular involvement.

Methods: We retrospectively enrolled patients with glenoid fracture who underwent ARIF or ORIF from 2010-2020. Radiographic outcomes were assessed, and clinical outcomes (active range of motion [ROM], visual analog scale [VAS], Constant, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand [DASH]) were evaluated 12 months postoperatively. Read More

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February 2022

Long-term follow-up of patients with displaced scapular fractures managed surgically and non-operatively.

Injury 2022 Jun 11;53(6):2087-2094. Epub 2022 Feb 11.

Dept. of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Lucerne Cantonal Hospital, Luzern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Introduction: Controversy remains on which patients with displaced scapula fractures benefit from surgery. This retrospective cohort study aims to compare and describe long-term patient-reported outcomes of patients with displaced scapula fractures treated both surgically and conservatively.

Methods: This study included patients with intra- and extra-articular scapula fractures, treated between 2010 and 2020 in a Swiss level 1 trauma centre. Read More

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Scapular Fractures in Children and Adolescents: A Critical Analysis Review.

JBJS Rev 2022 02 15;10(2). Epub 2022 Feb 15.

Department of Pediatric and Trauma Surgery, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Thomayer Teaching Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.

»: Fractures of the growing scapula account for about 0.1% of all pediatric fractures, with the majority occurring at an age of ≥10 years.

»: Radiographic diagnosis requires a detailed knowledge of the ossification sequence of the growing scapula. Read More

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February 2022

Nonoperative treatment of acromial fractures following reverse shoulder arthroplasty: clinical and radiographic outcomes.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2022 Jun 21;31(6S):S44-S56. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Holy Cross Orthopedic Institute, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Acromion/scapular spine fractures (ASFs) remain a challenging complication following reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). Historically, nonoperative management has been the treatment of choice, with variable results. The purpose of this study is to report on both clinical and radiographic outcomes of nonoperative treatment. Read More

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Augmented reality and three-dimensional plate library-assisted posterior minimally invasive surgery for scapula fracture.

Int Orthop 2022 04 21;46(4):875-882. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Department of Orthopaedics, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, No. 138, Tongzipo Road, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Purpose: Treating scapular fractures is still a challenging task for surgeons. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility, accuracy, and effectiveness of augmented reality (AR) and three-dimensional (3D) plate library-assisted posterior minimally invasive surgery, named AR-scapular system for scapula fracture. We speculated that using AR-scapular system would improve efficiency and quality for scapular fracture surgery. Read More

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Factors Influencing Acromial and Scapular Spine Strain after Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review of Biomechanical Studies.

J Clin Med 2022 Jan 12;11(2). Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Royal Melbourne Hospital, 300 Grattan Street, Parkville, Melbourne, VIC 3050, Australia.

Background: Acromial and scapular spine fractures after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) can be devastating complications leading to substantial functional impairments. The purpose of this study was to review factors associated with increased acromial and scapular spine strain after RTSA from a biomechanical standpoint.

Methods: A systematic review of the literature was conducted based on PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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January 2022

Scapular Fractures After Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2022 Mar;30(5):e517-e527

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, WA (Galvin); the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC (Eichinger); the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, MA (Li); and the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Augusta University Medical Center, Augusta, GA (Parada).

With the increased use of reverse shoulder arthroplasty, the complication of postoperative scapular fracture is increasingly recognized. The incidence is variable and dependent on a combination of factors including patient age, sex, bone mineral density, diagnosis of inflammatory arthritis, acromial thickness, and implant-related factors. Acromial stress reactions are a clinical diagnosis based on a history and physical examination. Read More

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Inter-rater agreement among shoulder surgeons on treatment options for proximal humeral fractures among shoulder surgeons.

Clin Shoulder Elb 2022 Mar 4;25(1):49-56. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: The treatment approach for proximal humeral fractures is determined by various factors, including patient age, sex, dominant arm, fracture pattern, presence of osteoporosis, preexisting arthritis, rotator cuff status, and medical comorbidities. However, there is a lack of consensus in the literature regarding the optimal treatment for displaced proximal humeral fractures. This study aimed to assess and quantify the decision-making process for either conservative or surgical treatment and the choice of surgical method among shoulder surgeons when treating proximal humeral fractures. Read More

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A comparative analysis of titanium anatomic plate and titanium reconstructive plate for treatment of extra-articular fractures of the scapula (Miller types IIb, IIc, and IV).

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2022 Jun 10;31(6):1175-1183. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Department of Orthopedic Trauma, First Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University, Jinzhou, China. Electronic address:

Background: Because of the irregular shape of the scapula and the different types of fractures, a standard internal fixation device is lacking in clinical practice, even though there are many options available. This study aimed to compare the therapeutic efficacy of titanium anatomic and reconstructive plates for extra-articular fractures of the scapula (Miller types IIb, IIc, and IV).

Methods: A retrospective study of 41 patients who underwent treatment for extra-articular fractures of the scapula between March 2017 and March 2020 was conducted. Read More

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[Arthroscopic-assisted management of intra-articular scapular fractures in a rugby player].

Sportverletz Sportschaden 2022 03 11;36(1):49-54. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

DIAKOVERE Friederikenstift Hospital Hannover, Hannover, Germany.

Scapular fractures are a rare injury entity accounting for 0,4-1 % of all fractures and 3-5 % of fractures involving the shoulder girdle. This study focuses on a 29-year-old male patient who sustained an intraarticular scapular fracture during a "Rugby Bundesliga" match after direct impact with another player. The clinical and radiological examinations showed a dislocated multifragmentary transverse scapular fracture involving the superior border, the medial border and the glenoid (Euler and Rüedi D2b/AO 14 F1. Read More

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Osteosynthesis of scapular fractures: a retrospective cohort study.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2022 Jan 7. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma Surgery, Cantonal Hospital Graubünden, Loëstrasse 170, 7000, Chur, Switzerland.

Purpose: In recent years a trend from conservative to operative treatment of displaced scapula fractures has evolved. The aim of this study was to assess surgical and patient-based radiological and functional outcome after open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of displaced scapula fractures following predefined operative indications.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data of a consecutive series of patients with displaced scapula fractures following operative fixation at our institution between 06/2010 and 02/2020. Read More

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January 2022

Stereotactic radiosurgery for bone metastases in oligometastatic prostate cancer patients: DESTROY-2 clinical trial subanalysis.

Clin Transl Oncol 2022 Jun 4;24(6):1177-1183. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

Radiation Oncology Unit, Gemelli Molise S.P.A. Hospital, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore, Largo A. Gemelli 1, 86100, Campobasso, Italy.

Introduction: Aim of this analysis was to report toxicity and clinical outcomes in oligorecurrent prostate cancer (PCa) patients treated with single fraction stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for bone metastases.

Methods: We separately analyzed clinical data of PCa patients with bone oligometastases enrolled in a prospective phase I trial (DESTROY-2). DESTROY-2 was based on SRS delivered using volumetric modulated arc therapy in patients with primary or metastatic tumors in several extra-cranial body sites. Read More

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Influence of coracoglenoid space on scapular neck fracture stability: biomechanical study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jan 4;23(1):30. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

Department of Anatomy, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, 230032, China.

Background: The anatomical variation of the coracoglenoid space has the potential to influence the stability of scapular neck fractures. This paper aimed to investigate the mechanical mechanism underlying the influence of different coracoglenoid space types on scapular neck fractures by morphometric analysis and biomechanical experiments.

Methods: The morphology of 68 dried scapulae (left: 36; right: 32) was studied. Read More

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January 2022

Treatment of proximal humerus fractures using reverse shoulder arthroplasty: do the inclination of the humeral component and the lateral offset of the glenosphere influence the clinical outcome and tuberosity healing?

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2022 Jan 3. Epub 2022 Jan 3.

Orthopedic Practice Clinic (OPPK), Von-Vincke-Str. 14, 48143, Münster, Germany.

Introduction: The employment of reverse shoulder arthroplasty for dislocated proximal humerus fractures of elderly patients becomes increasingly relevant. The standard inclination angle of the humeral component was 155°. Lately, there is a trend towards smaller inclination angles of 145° or 135°. Read More

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January 2022

Incidence, radiographic predictors, and clinical outcome of acromial stress reaction and acromial fractures in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2022 Jun 27;31(6):1143-1153. Epub 2021 Dec 27.

Department of Orthopedics, Balgrist University Hospital, Zürich, Switzerland.

Background: Acromial and scapular spine fractures (ASFs) are known complications following implantation of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). The entity of acromial stress reaction (ASR) without fracture has recently been described. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence, radiographic predictors, treatment options, healing rates, and clinical outcomes of ASF and ASR compared with a control group. Read More

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Pediatric scapular fractures and associated injuries following blunt chest trauma.

Am J Emerg Med 2022 Feb 14;52:196-199. Epub 2021 Dec 14.

UTHealth Science Center Houston, 6431 Fannin Street, Houston, TX 77030, United States of America.

Background: Scapular fractures in the pediatric population are rare, and medical literature is lacking regarding these specific injuries in the pediatric population. Prior studies have shown that scapular fractures resulting from blunt chest trauma have been associated with significant morbidities in adults, and that a majority of scapular fractures are missed on chest X-ray (CXR) and seen on computerized tomography only (SOCTO). Further guidance is needed regarding the prevalence of coinciding injuries in the pediatric population and the modality for diagnosis. Read More

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February 2022

Mechanical complications and fractures after reverse shoulder arthroplasty related to different design types and their rates: part I.

EFORT Open Rev 2021 Nov 19;6(11):1097-1108. Epub 2021 Nov 19.

Division of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, La Tour Hospital, Meyrin, Switzerland.

The initial reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA), designed by Paul Grammont, was intended to treat rotator cuff tear arthropathy in elderly patients. In the early experience, high complication rates (up to 24%) and revision rates (up to 50%) were reported.The most common complications reported were scapular notching, whereas clinically more relevant complications such as instability and acromial fractures were less commonly described. Read More

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November 2021