10,649 results match your criteria Fracture Mandible


Facial Injuries Due to Cycling are Prevalent: Improved Helmet Design Offering Facial Protection is Recommended.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Professor, Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; Attending Surgeon, Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery, Regions Hospital, Saint Paul, MN.

Purpose: Safety equipment for recreational cycling is commonly designed to protect the calvarium, but not the face, in the event of a crash. The purpose of this study is to identify the prevalence of facial injuries and their most common subcategories due to cycling injuries and to serve as an anatomical guide of what facial structures most need protection.

Methods: We report a cross-sectional study of consecutive patients reported to the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2019. Read More

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A 3-year prospective cohort study on mandibular anterior cantilever restorations associated with screw-retained implant-supported prosthesis: An study.

J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2021 Apr-Jun;21(2):150-160

Department of Periodontics, Army College of Dental Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India.

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the survival of single implant supported cantilever prosthesis (ISCP) replacing missing two adjacent natural teeth in the anterior mandible.

Settings And Design: In vivo - Prospective cohort study.

Materials And Methods: Thirty patients with missing both mandibular central incisors were selected. Read More

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Retrospective evaluation of pathologic fractures in medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to focus on the MRONJ-related pathologic fractures, their incidence, and to analyze possible causative factors for their occurrence. Pathologic fracture in patients suffering frm MRONJ were identified, examined in detail, and the patient characteristics were evaluated. In 116 patients (73 female and 43 male; mean age 62. Read More

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Association between shape of the mandibular condylar head and the occurrence of unilateral condylar fracture - A retrospective computed tomographic study.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, SRM Kattankulathur Dental College, India.

This retrospective study aims to evaluate the correlation between the shape of the mandibular condylar head and the incidence of unilateral condylar fracture using computed tomography. Medical records of patients diagnosed with unilateral condylar fractures from the year 2012-2019 were reviewed. The shape of the condylar head on the non - fractured side was analysed using a Radiant Dicom Viewer. Read More

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Effect of splinting times on the healing of intra-alveolar root fractures in 512 permanent teeth in humans: A Scandinavian multicenter study.

Dent Traumatol 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Resource Center for Rare Oral Diseases, University Hospital (Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background/aim: Long-term splinting of teeth with intra-alveolar root fractures has been considered important for the deposition of hard tissue between the root fragments. The aim of this study was to compare the healing outcomes in teeth with intra-alveolar root fractures relative to splinting times in three dental centers in Scandinavia, using historical data.

Materials And Methods: A total of 512 maxillary and mandibular incisors from three dental trauma centers were included in the study. Read More

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Quality of life assessment in patients with long-term neurosensory dysfunction after mandibular fractures.

Minerva Dent Oral Sci 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, JSS Dental College, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, India.

Background: Long-term neurosensory dysfunction after mandibular fractures can have a significant impact on daily performances and quality of life (QoL) of the patient. The daily activities such as eating, speaking, shaving, kissing, and other social interactions can be affected due to the impaired sensation in the face and lip region.

Methods: A cross-sectional QoL assessment was done for the patients with inferior alveolar nerve dysfunction (IAND) from mandibular fractures at the 6-month follow-up visit. Read More

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Mandibular fractures in Kano, Northwest Nigeria: aetiology and pattern of presentation.

Minerva Dent Oral Sci 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Federal Medical Center, Nguru Nigeria.

Background: Mandibular fractures are universal in distribution but its aetiologies and presentation patterns differ from one country to another because of varying socioeconomic, cultural and geographical factors. We analysed the aetiological factors and presentation patterns of mandibular fractures in a tertiary hospital at Nigeria's second largest city.

Methods: Patients with isolated mandibular fractures at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano were prospectively reviewed over a 12-months period. Read More

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Lower Vestibular Incision: A Modified Technique of Dissection.

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2021 Jun 31;20(2):322-324. Epub 2019 May 31.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, MCODS, MAHE, Manipal, India.

Introduction: Exposure to anterior mandible via conventional approach by either cervicular or vestibular incision is normally carried out for trauma or orthognathic surgery. Transection of mentalis muscle and reposition of the muscle is a key step. This prevents post-operative lip ptosis. Read More

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Dental injuries in paediatric mandibular fracture patients.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, 00029, Helsinki, Finland.

Purpose: Dental injuries (DIs) are associated with facial fractures, particularly mandibular fractures. As paediatric mandibular fractures have special features, we sought to clarify the occurrence and types of DIs among this patient group. We assessed how age, injury type, and fracture location affects the occurrence of DIs and thereby defined which patients are most susceptible. Read More

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[Effect of conservative treatment on jaw symmetry of children with unilateral condylar fracture].

Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue 2021 Feb;30(1):77-80

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital and Stomatological Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University. Urumqi 830054, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China.

Purpose: To investigate the effect of conservative treatment of unilateral condylar fractures on jaw symmetry in children.

Methods: Twenty-four children with unilateral condylar fractures were divided into control group and experimental group according to the treatment methods, with 12 cases in each group. The control group received surgery, and the experimental group received conservative treatment with intermaxillary traction combined with occlusal pads. Read More

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February 2021

Evaluation of in-house, haptic assisted surgical planning for virtual reduction of complex mandibular fractures.

Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Plastic and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Purpose: The management of complex mandible fractures, i.e. severely comminuted or fractures of edentulous/atrophic mandibles, can be challenging. Read More

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[Application of the submandibular gland for management of stage 3 medication-related osteonecrosis of the mandible].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 May 9;56(5):441-446. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology & National Center of Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology & Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology, Beijing 100081, China.

To summarize the clinical outcomes of reconstruction plate fixation combined with submandibular gland translocation (A) or reconstruction plate fixation combined with submental island flap and submandibular gland (B) for mandibular stage-3 medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). The clinical data of the patients with stage-3 mandibular MRONJ treated with one of the above mentioned procedures from September 2014 to December 2020 in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical data included the general data of the patients, the initial mucosal healing rate at the time of 2 weeks postoperatively and follow-up, and the occurrence of complications. Read More

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Bilateral mandibular condyle fractures: Should we open both?

Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2020 Jul-Dec;11(2):285-288. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Bilateral condylar fractures are common but are frequently undertreated. In most of the cases, only one side is surgically addressed and the other side is managed conservatively. Bilateral condylar fractures lead to loss of ramal height bilaterally, accentuated anterior open bite, disruption of articular surfaces, and disc and muscle attachments. Read More

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December 2020

Comparative study of outcomes between locking plates and three-dimensional plates in mandibular fractures.

Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2020 Jul-Dec;11(2):263-269. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Objectives: The objective was to compare the efficiency and assess postoperative complications of 2.00 mm unicortical locking plates and three-dimensional (3D) plates in surgical correction of uncomplicated mandibular fracture.

Materials And Methods: A prospective cohort study of twenty patients of uncomplicated mandibular fractures, who were operated either by noncompression unicortical 2-mm locking mini-plate or by noncompression unicortical 2-mm 3D mini-plate, were enrolled and followed up for the study outcomes such as operative time, postoperative infection, and postoperative occlusion. Read More

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December 2020

Analysis of Complication in Mandibular Angle Fracture: Champy Technique Versus Rigid Fixation.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Introduction: The mandibular angle endures tension and compression during mastication, and proper internal fixation is essential when a fracture occurs. The authors analyzed the complication rate between Champy technique and rigid fixation, used in the treatment of mandibular angle fracture.

Methods: The retrospective study included patients with mandibular angle fracture in single center, from January 2003 to December 2019. Read More

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The influence of wisdom tooth impaction and occlusal support on mandibular angle and condyle fractures.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 16;11(1):8335. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Post-Graduate Program in Dentistry, Department of Dentistry, Oral and Maxillofacial Section, Faculty of Basic Sciences and Health, Federal University of Vales Jequitinhonha and Mucuri, Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

This study aimed to analyze the relationship of the occlusal support together with the lower third molars to the mandibular fractures of the angle and condyle among patients in our medical institutions. This was a retrospective study that reviewed the medical records and radiographs of all patients treated for mandibular fractures from 2015 to 2019. The data collected by using picture archiving and communicating system. Read More

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Combined use of two cone-beam computed tomography scans in the assessment of vertical root fracture in teeth with intracanal material.

J Endod 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Division of Oral Radiology, Department of Oral Diagnosis, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: The purpose of this preliminary study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the combined use of two cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) volumes obtained with the tooth of interest positioned at different orientations in the detection of vertical root fracture (VRF).

Methods: Thirty single-rooted teeth were divided into two main groups (n=15): control and with VRF. The teeth were individually placed in a phantom composed of a human skull and mandible, which was CBCT scanned in two spatial orientations: conventional (with the Frankfurt plane parallel to the floor) and angled acquisition (tilted 90 degrees backward). Read More

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Laboratory simulation of longitudinally-cracked teeth using the step-stress cyclic loading method.

Int Endod J 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Minnesota Dental Research Center for Biomaterials and Biomechanics, School of Dentistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA.

Aim: To simulate in a laboratory setting longitudinal cracking in root filled premolar teeth, using cyclic mechanical fatigue.

Methodology: Mesial-occlusal-distal (MOD) cavities were prepared in twenty root filled, single-rooted, mandibular premolars restored with fibre posts and resin composites. The samples were randomly divided into two groups based on the loading approaches: static loading with a crosshead speed of 0. Read More

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Virtual Surgical Planning and Three-Dimensional Printing to Aid the Anatomical Reduction of an Old Malunited Fracture of the Mandible.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Stomatology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao School of Stomatology, Qingdao University, Qingdao Shandong, China.

Abstract: Mandible fracture is a common injury in maxillofacial surgery. It causes not only maxillofacial dysfunction but also facial deformities. Malunited fractures of the mandible have been a vast challenge in clinical treatment due to the misalignment of the broken ends and the occurrence of occlusal disorders. Read More

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Evaluation of Radicular Dentin Microcracks Formation after Instrumentation with NiTi Hand and Rotary File System: A Stereomicroscopic Study.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2020 Nov 1;21(11):1233-1237. Epub 2020 Nov 1.

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Aim And Objective: The present study aimed to assess the formation of microcracks in root dentin post-instrumentation with nickel-titanium (NiTi) hand and rotary file system.

Materials And Methods: Totally, 80 freshly extracted mandibular premolar teeth with single roots were chosen for this study. Access opening was performed and #10 K-file was used to attain patency of canal. Read More

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November 2020

Rehabilitation in the treatment of mandibular condyle fractures.

Dent Med Probl 2021 Jan-Mar;58(1):89-96

Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Pomeranian Medical University of Szczecin, Poland.

Background: The objective of rehabilitation after the treatment of a mandibular condyle fracture is to retrieve the effortless, symmetrical opening of the jaws with the preservation of appropriate movements to the sides, and appropriate occlusion without a sense of tension in the mastication muscles or pain sensations.

Objectives: The aim of the article was to establish the conditions of the rehabilitation of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) after the surgical treatment of a fractured condyle.

Material And Methods: The research featured 46 of patients treated surgically between January 2, 2017 and December 30, 2017. Read More

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Effectiveness of Prophylactic Preoperative Antibiotics in Mandible Fracture Repair: A National Database Study.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Apr 13:1945998211004270. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri, USA.

Objective: This is the first database study to assess the effectiveness of prophylactic preoperative antibiotics (PPAs) in mandible fracture repair.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort.

Setting: Database study using US inpatient and outpatient insurance claims submitted from July 2006 to March 2015. Read More

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Photoelastic analysis of conventional and locking system for treatment of mandibular angle fractures with a single plate.

J Clin Exp Dent 2021 Apr 1;13(4):e328-e333. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Universidade do Sagrado Coração, R. Irmã Arminda, 10-50, 17011-160, Bauru, SP, Brazil.

Background: This photoelastic analysis evaluated stress distribution in different osteosynthesis systems, conventional and locking, used for treatment of mandibular angle fractures with a single plate.

Material And Methods: Angle fractures were simulated in mandibles made of photoelastic resin. Following Champy's method, plate osteosynthesis was performed. Read More

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Effect of crown height on the screw joint stability of zirconia screw-retained crowns.

J Prosthet Dent 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Professor, Restorative and Prosthetic Dentistry, The Ohio State University College of Dentistry, Columbus, Ohio.

Statement Of Problem: Medium- to long-term data for the performance of zirconia crowns with titanium (Ti) bases are sparse, particularly when the crown height space and occlusal loads are high.

Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess the effect of the height of zirconia screw-retained implant crowns with a Ti base on the screw joint stability after cyclic loading. A secondary aim was to investigate the survival of zirconia crowns of different heights after cyclic loading. Read More

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Survival rates of axial and tilted implants in the rehabilitation of edentulous jaws using the All-on-four™ concept: A systematic review.

J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2021 Jan-Mar;21(1):3-10

Department of Prosthodontics, Goa Dental College and Hospital, Bambolim, Goa, India.

Aim: The aim of this review was to evaluate the survival rate of axial and tilted implants in rehabilitation of edentulous jaws using all on four concept.

Setting And Design: Systematic Review.

Materials And Methods: A literature review was performed in MEDLINE, PubMed Central (PMC), Google scholar, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Read More

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January 2022

A 6-Year Epidemiological Study of Mandibular Fractures in Traumatic Patients in North of Iran: Review of 463 Patients.

World J Plast Surg 2021 Jan;10(1):71-77

Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Background: Mandibular fracture is considered the second most common facial fracture worldwide. We aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of mandibular fractures in traumatic patients hospitalized at Velayat Teaching Hospital in Rasht, Iran for 6-year.

Methods: In this retrospective study, all traumatic patients with mandibular fractures admitted to Velayat Teaching Hospital, Rasht, northern Iran for 6-year (2013-18) were enrolled. Read More

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January 2021

Does the Presence of Impacted Mandibular Third Molars Increase the Risk of Bad Split Incidence During Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy?

World J Plast Surg 2021 Jan;10(1):37-42

Department of Biostatistics, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: The possibility of mandibular bad spilt might happen during bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO). This study investigated the effect of impacted mandibular third molars on bad spilt incidence during BSSO.

Methods: Totally, 140 patients under 40 years old who were candidates for BSSO surgery due to class 3 skeletal discrepancy were divided randomly into two equal groups. Read More

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January 2021

The Cat Mandible (II): Manipulation of the Jaw, with a New Prosthesis Proposal, to Avoid Iatrogenic Complications.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Mar 4;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Unit of Veterinary Anatomy and Embryology, Department of Anatomy, Animal Production and Clinical Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Campus of Lugo-University of Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain.

The cat mandible is relatively small, and its manipulation implies the use of fixing methods and different repair techniques according to its small size to keep its biomechanical functionality intact. Attempts to fix dislocations of the temporomandibular joint should be primarily performed by non-invasive techniques (repositioning the bones and immobilisation), although when this is not possible, a surgical method should be used. Regarding mandibular fractures, these are usually concurrent with other traumatic injuries that, if serious, should be treated first. Read More

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Intraoral Wound Dehiscence After Open Reduction Internal Fixation of Mandibular Fractures: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Wounds 2021 Mar;33(3):60-64

Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt; Alfarabi Private College for Dentistry and Nursing, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: The high prevalence of intraoral wound dehiscence (IOWD) following open reduction internal fixation of mandibular fractures has not been well studied.

Objective: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to investigate and assess possible risk factors for IOWD related to patients and surgical technique.

Methods: All patients who did not have diabetes, were not medically compromised such as patients with nutritional deficiencies or endocrine disorders, did not smoke, did not consume alcohol, and had mandibular fractures managed through open reduction internal fixation and via intraoral vestibular incision from January 2007 to December 2019, at Al-Azhar University Hospitals, in Cairo, Egypt were included in the study. Read More

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Novel and Affordable Low-Cost Technique for Fixation of Parasymphyseal Fractures in Infants With Unerupted Dentition.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Mar 2. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Associate Professor, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Mansoura University, Egypt. Electronic address:

Purpose: Pediatric mandibular fractures are immensely challenging compared to adult fractures. The current update management spectrum ranges from the conservative one in the form of soft diet and regular follow-up, or less invasive surgical intervention by closed reduction and nonrigid fixation, to open reduction and internal fixation with plates and screws. In this study, we investigated the use of a straightforward fabricated mold for the parasymphyseal mandibular fracture in infants with an unerupted dentition. Read More

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