18,471 results match your criteria Fracture Hand


How long does it to achieve sagittal realignment of the displaced epiphysis in Salter-Harris type II distal radial fracture when treated by manual reduction?

J Plast Surg Hand Surg 2022 Jun 24:1-8. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Regional Rheumatoid and Degenerative Arthritis Center, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, South Korea.

This study aimed to investigate how long it takes for the dorsally displaced distal radial epiphysis to achieve realignment. We retrospectively reviewed 56 patients with dorsally displaced Salter-Harris type II distal radial epiphyseal fractures who were aged ≤15 years at the time of injury. All fractures were treated with closed reduction and immobilised using a sugar tong splint for 6 weeks. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Multihit Injury of the Radial Nerve in a 62-year-old Woman: A Case Report.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2022 Jun 20;10(6):e4414. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Hand-, Plastic, Reconstructive and Burn Surgery, BG Klinik Tübingen, University of Tübingen, Germany.

We report the case of a 62-year-old female patient with a triple-crush radial nerve injury, diagnosed in subsequent order following a fracture of the left humerus. The patient developed flaccid paralysis of all muscles innervated by the left radial nerve except the triceps brachii and reported a sensory deficit corresponding to the innervation territories of the posterior nerve of the forearm as well as the superficial branch of the radial nerve. Following neurolysis of the radial nerve at the humerus level, wrist extension as well as sensory perception on the dorsal aspect of the forearm recovered, but finger extension and thumb abduction were still impossible. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sacroiliac Screw Placement with Ease: CT-Guided Pelvic Fracture Osteosynthesis in the Elderly.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Jun 15;58(6). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Klinik für Orthopädie, Unfallchirurgie und Sporttraumatologie, Marienhaus Klinikum Hetzelstift, 67434 Neustadt an der Weinstraße, Germany.

: The number of geriatric patients presenting with fragility fractures of the pelvis is increasing due to ageing Western societies. There are nonoperative and several operative treatment approaches. Many of which cause prolonged hospitalisation, so patients become bedridden and lose mobility and independence. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Bunk-Bed-Related Fractures in Children: Are We Aware of the Risks?

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 May 31;58(6). Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, University of Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.

: Falls from heights are a common mechanism of trauma in children. However, data on bunk-bed-related (BBR) fractures are scarce. We aimed to assess types of fractures and age groups most at risk for BBR fractures. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Three-Dimensional Planning and Patient-Specific Instrumentation for the Fixation of Distal Radius Fractures.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 May 30;58(6). Epub 2022 May 30.

Department of Hand Surgery, Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zurich, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland.

: Three-dimensional planning and guided osteotomy utilizing patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) with the contralateral side used as a reference have been proven as effective in the treatment of malunions following complex fractures of the distal radius. However, this approach has not yet been described in relation to fracture reduction of the distal radius. The aim of this study was to assess the technical and logistical feasibility of computer-assisted surgery in a clinical setting using PSI for fracture reduction and fixation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Silicon Nitride as a Biomedical Material: An Overview.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 11;23(12). Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Institute for Biomechanics, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland.

Silicon nitride possesses a variety of excellent properties that can be specifically designed and manufactured for different medical applications. On the one hand, silicon nitride is known to have good mechanical properties, such as high strength and fracture toughness. On the other hand, the uniqueness of the osteogenic/antibacterial dualism of silicon nitride makes it a favorable bioceramic for implants. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Delayed Quality Deterioration of Low-Moisture Cereal-Based Snack by Storing in an Active Filler-Embedded LDPE Zipper Bag.

Foods 2022 Jun 10;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Gachon University, Seongnam 13120, Korea.

This study focused on controlling the vapor permeability of an active zipper bag and preserving the quality of cereal-based snacks during the storage period at home. The active zipper bag was prepared by extruding low-density polyethylene with active fillers obtained from natural mineral materials. The active zipper bag showed the same transparent appearance as the existing one but showed 21% lower water vapor capability. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Deformation of the Titanium Plate Stabilizing the Lateral Ankle Fracture Due to Its Overloading in Case of the Young, Obese Patient: Case Report Including the Biomechanical Analysis.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 16;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Medical University, 4 Lindleya Street, 02-005 Warsaw, Poland.

The number of overweight and obese patients in developed countries is gradually increasing. It was reported that 1287 (64%) out of 2007 adults operated on in 2017 had a body mass index (BMI) greater than 25 kg/m, and 26.4% even greater than 30, while the BMI of the most obese patient was as high as 57. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Joint Cartilage in Long-Duration Spaceflight.

Biomedicines 2022 Jun 8;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Center of Experimental Orthopaedics, Saarland University Medical Center, 66421 Homburg, Germany.

This review summarizes the current literature available on joint cartilage alterations in long-duration spaceflight. Evidence from spaceflight participants is currently limited to serum biomarker data in only a few astronauts. Findings from analogue model research, such as bed rest studies, as well as data from animal and cell research in real microgravity indicate that unloading and radiation exposure are associated with joint degeneration in terms of cartilage thinning and changes in cartilage composition. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Osteoarthritis-Induced Metabolic Alterations of Human Hip Chondrocytes.

Biomedicines 2022 Jun 8;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

BG Trauma Center Bergmannstrost, 06112 Halle (Saale), Germany.

Osteoarthritis (OA) alters chondrocyte metabolism and mitochondrial biology. We explored whether OA and non-OA chondrocytes show persistent differences in metabolism and mitochondrial function and different responsiveness to cytokines and cAMP modulators. Hip chondrocytes from patients with OA or femoral neck fracture (non-OA) were stimulated with IL-1β, TNF, forskolin and opioid peptides. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Terminal extensor tendon reconstruction as a reliable options for chronic mallet finger with swan neck deformity of index finger: A case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 6;78:103924. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital - Faculty of Medicine of Indonesia University, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Introduction: and importance: Chronic mallet finger resulted in mallet deformity or swan neck deformity are caused by imbalance of flexor and extensor mechanism. We tried to offer a reliable option of treatment by terminal tendon reconstruction using needle passer to exchange the use of K-wire which resulted in great result within 3 months of follow up.

Case Presentation: 36 years old male with previous history of several trauma on his right arm and hand about three months ago; consists of distal phalangeal fracture of right index finger, right fifth metacarpal fracture, proximal phalanx fracture of right small finger, and right shaft radius fracture. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Terrible triad injury of the elbow: A PROCESS-compliant surgical case series from Eastern Morocco.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 4;78:103914. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Mohammed VI University Hospital, Oujda, Morocco.

Introduction: The terrible triad of the elbow (TTE) is a lesion associating a dislocation of the elbow, a fracture of the radial head, and a fracture of the coronoid process, with a high potential of complication. The treatment is based on the restoration of bone lesions and external capsular ligament repair. The systematic repair of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) is still debated in the literature. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Double Plating in Type C Distal Humerus Fractures: Current Treatment Options and Factors that Affect the Outcome.

Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr 2022 Jan-Apr;17(1):7-13

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Trauma, University Hospital of Larissa, Larissa, Greece.

Purpose: This is a retrospective cohort study of type C distal humeral fractures (AO classification system) aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of current operative treatment options.

Materials And Methods: Thirty-seven patients with type C distal humeral fractures, treated operatively from January 2002 to September 2016, were retrospectively studied. Thirty-two were eligible for inclusion. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Development and clinical application of an adjustable digital cannulated nail guide based on Mimics software].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2022 Jun;35(6):520-6

Division of Sports Medicine and Adult Reconstructive Surgery, the Affiliated Drum Tower Clinical Medical College of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210000, Jiangsu, China.

Objective: To evaluate effectiveness of self-designed adjustable cannulated screw guide, and to provide an effective auxiliary tool for inverted triangular arrangement of compression cannulated screws in clinical treatment for transcervical femoral neck fractures.

Methods: The sketch of instrument was drawn with Solidworks software, and physical product was obtained after production. The data were obtained by Mimics software. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Implementing mindfulness meditation in hand surgery training: a feasibility study.

Eur J Plast Surg 2022 Jun 10:1-8. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Plastic Surgery Department, Guy's and St. Thomas' Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, SE1 7EH UK.

Background: Surgery can be stressful, requiring decision-making and performance under pressure. The COVID-19 pandemic has further challenged surgeons' well-being and training. Excess stress adversely affects well-being, technical and non-technical performance, and, by extension, patient care. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Broad Arm Sling vs Figure of 8 Bandage: The Better Choice in Conservative Management of Middle Third Clavicle Fractures in Indian Population.

Indian J Orthop 2022 Jun 11:1-9. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Topiwala National Medical College and BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai, India.

Background: A prospective randomised trial was conducted to compare the results of conservative management of middle-third clavicular fracture using the figure of 8 bandage and broad-arm sling.

Methods: 296 patients with middle-third clavicle fracture were included in the study conducted between March 2017 and January 2020. 152 patients were managed with figure of 8 bandage and 144 patients were managed with a broad arm sling. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Impact of keel saw blade design and thickness on the incidence of tibial plateau fracture and tibial implant-loosening in cementless medial UKR.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 21;23(1):597. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Klinikum Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Endogap, Joint Replacement Institute, Auenstraße 6, 82467, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.

Background: Tibial plateau fractures and tibial implant- loosening are severe complications in cementless unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR). The tibial keel preparation is particularly demanding and different saw blades can be used. It was hypothesized that different blade designs and thickness have an influence on the frequency of tibial plateau fractures and implant-loosening in cementless medial UKR. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Swing Door Compressive Fracture Technique for Turbinoplasty: Retrospective Study Based on Computed Tomography and NOSE Scale.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

THE PLUS Plastic Surgery, 9 Garosu-gil, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06035, Republic of Korea.

Background: Treatment of inferior turbinate hypertrophy is performed using different techniques in rhinoplasty. However, the reported results are not consistent. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the outcomes of Swing door compressive fracture (SDCF) technique for turbinoplasty using computed tomography (CT) and Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Interventions for treating proximal humeral fractures in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2022 06 21;6:CD000434. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Centre for Evidence-Based Orthopaedics, Zealand University Hospital and Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Fractures of the proximal humerus, often termed shoulder fractures, are common injuries, especially in older people. The management of these fractures varies widely, including in the use of surgery. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2001 and last updated in 2015. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Treatment of distal radius fractures using a cemented K-wire frame.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 20;23(1):591. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Central Laboratory, Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, 050000, Hebei, China.

Background: This retrospective study included an alternative treatment for types A2, A3, and B1 distal radius fractures using percutaneous fixation with a cemented K-wire frame.

Methods: From January 2017 to January 2020, 78 patients with distal radius fractures were treated with percutaneous internal fixation using a cemented K-wire frame. There were 47 male patients and 31 female patients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Nutrition and Exercise Treatment of Sarcopenia in Hip Fracture Patients: Systematic Review.

J Bone Metab 2022 May 31;29(2):63-73. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Daejeon Eulji Medical Center, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

Background: This study aimed to investigate nutritional or rehabilitation intervention protocols for hip fracture patients with sarcopenia and to analyze the effect of these protocols through a systematic review of studies that reported clinical results.

Methods: Studies were selected based on the following criteria: (1) study design: randomized controlled trials or non-randomized comparative studies; (2) study population: patients with hip fracture; (3) intervention: nutritional or rehabilitation; and (4) reporting the clinical outcomes and definition of sarcopenia.

Results: Of the 247 references initially identified from the selected databases, 5 randomized controlled studies and 2 comparative studies were selected for further investigation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The devastating effects of humeral nonunion on health-related quality of life.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Fondren Orthopedic Research Institute, Houston, TX, USA; Fondren Orthopedic Group, Houston, TX, USA; Texas Orthopedic Hospital, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Humeral nonunion is estimated to occur at a rate of 1.1% - 25% depending on the fracture location and pattern, mechanism of injury, patient compliance with the immobilization protocol, patient's nutritional status and medical coomorbidities. Fracture nonunion can cause chronic pain, limited range of motion, and may hinder normal function. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

CBCT Patterns of Bone Loss and Clinical Predictors for the Diagnosis of Cracked Teeth and Teeth with Vertical Root Fracture.

J Endod 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Division of Endodontics, University at Buffalo, School of dental medicine; Department of Endodontics, University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry. Electronic address:

Aim: This study aimed to identify clinical and radiographic characteristics of teeth with longitudinal fractures to assist in the diagnosis and differentiation between cracked teeth and teeth with vertical root fracture (VRF).

Methods: Ninety-five patients (95 teeth) diagnosed with a longitudinal fracture (only cracked teeth or VRF) through clinical visualization of the fracture line were included in this study. Clinical and radiographic data were collected from the patients' record to identify the characteristics associated with each condition. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Fracture R-CNN: An anchor-efficient anti-interference framework for skull fracture detection in CT images.

Med Phys 2022 Jun 17. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

School of Electronic Information and Communication, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, China.

Background: Skull fracture, as a common traumatic brain injury, can lead to multiple complications including bleeding, leaking of cerebrospinal fluid, infection and seizures. Automatic skull fracture detection (SFD) is of great importance, especially in emergency medicine.

Purpose: Existing algorithms for SFD, developed based on hand-crafted features, suffer from low detection accuracy due to poor generalizability to unseen samples. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pancarpal dissociation, a very rare type of injury: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jun 17;101(24):e29479. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Bucheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: Pan-carpal dissociation is very rare injury and there is little information as to diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of this injury.

Patient Concerns: A 35-year-man presented to our hospital with severe pain and swelling of the left wrist and forearm after slipping and falling while riding a motorcycle.

Diagnosis: The wrist simple radiographs demonstrated unrecognizable severe fracture-dislocation of the carpal bones concomitant with fractures of the radioulnar shaft. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Subclavian-Brachial Bypass for Chronic Limb Threatening Ischemia Associated with an Old Motorcycle Accident.

Vasc Specialist Int 2022 Jun 17;38:14. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubirán, México City, México.

Chronic limb-threatening ischemia is rarely associated with previous traumatic injury. We present a case of a 28-year-old male with progressive digit ulcers, a weak pulse, cyanosis, and a cold limb. Eight months prior, he had a motorcycle accident resulting in a right clavicle fracture and brachial plexus injury. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Radial distraction may reduce the incidence of ulnar-sided wrist pain in ulna-plus morphology intraoperatively following distal radius fractures fixation.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 15;23(1):580. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, No. 201, Sec 2, Shi-Pai Road, Taipei, 112, Taiwan, ROC.

Introduction: Fixed-angle plate fixation can be an effective treatment for distal radius fractures (DRFs). However, patients with existing ulnar positive variance might be at risk of developing symptoms of ulnar-sided wrist pain (USWP). Ulnar shortening osteotomy (USO) is one of the main treatment options for USWP. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Comparison of three different minimally invasive intramedullary screw for proximal phalanx fractures. A biomechanical study.

Rev Esp Cir Ortop Traumatol 2022 Jun 13. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Hand Surgery Unit, Orthopaedic Surgery Department, Vall d'Hebron Barcelona Hospital Campus, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Introduction:  Phalangeal fractures are the most common hand fractures. In the last years, intramedullary compression screw (IMHCS) for instable transverse or short oblique proximal P1 fractures have been described. Although both anterograde (intraarticular or transarticular) and retrograde IMHCS techniques have shown good results, no comparison between anterograde and retrograde screw in P1 fractures has been published. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Clinical outcomes of open-wedge corrective osteotomy using autogenous or allogenic bone grafts for malunited distal radius: A novel parameter for measuring the rate of bone union.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2022 May;56(3):199-204

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective: The aims of the study were (1) to compare outcomes in terms of malunited distal radius bone union in open-wedge corrective osteotomy using autogenous or allogenic bone and (2) to introduce a new parameter that quantifies the rate of the bone union.

Methods: This retrospective study included 22 patients (14 males, 8 females) who underwent open-wedge corrective osteotomy with bone grafting for a malunited distal radius fracture between January 2006 and December 2018 were enrolled. The mean follow-up duration was 57. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Treatment Strategies for Acute Seymour Fractures in Children and Adolescents: Including Crushed Open Fractures.

Ann Plast Surg 2022 Jun 11. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University and Medical College, Taoyuan City, Taiwan.

Purpose: We aimed to suggest treatment strategies for Seymour fractures (SFs) with varying clinical manifestations, based on the retrospective outcomes of patients seen at our institute.

Methods: Between March 2000 and December 2019, a total of 26 SF patients were categorized into 3 groups: acute typical SF (category 1; open fracture/exposed germinal matrix and physis), acute injuries but delayed presentation (category 2; presented to our institute more than 24 hours after the injury with misdiagnosis as simple nail injuries), and direct crush injuries (category 3; the most severe injury type, characterized by nail loss, nail bed lacerations, or maceration of the germinal matrix). In category 1, reduction was maintained using K-wire fixation without nail plate sutures. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF