2,593 results match your criteria Fracture Frontal


E-bike-related cranial injuries in pediatric population.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dana Children's Hospital, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, Tel-Aviv University, 6 Weizman Street, 64239, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Purpose: E-bikes are being used increasingly by all age groups. Children riding e-bikes often do not use safety equipment such as helmets, and are at increased risk for injuries requiring neurosurgery. The most common type of injury among pediatric e-bikers is head and neck trauma. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00381-019-04146-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-019-04146-8DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Mechanism of injury, injury patterns and associated injuries in patients operated for chest wall trauma.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Apr 6. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, University of Gothenburg, Per Dubbsgatan 15, 413 45, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Purpose: Chest wall injuries are common in blunt trauma and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the most common mechanisms of injury (MOI), injury patterns, and associated injuries in patients who undergo surgery for chest wall trauma.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of trauma patients with multiple rib fractures and unstable thoracic cage injuries who were managed surgically at Sahlgrenska University Hospital during the period September 2010-September 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01119-zDOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Outcomes of distal femoral fractures treated with minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis versus open reduction internal fixation with combined locking plate and interfragmentary screws.

Int J Surg 2019 Apr 2;65:107-112. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Orthopaedics, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Graduate Institute of Medical Science, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address:

Purpose: Fractures of the distal femur remain challenging to treat, and numerous fixation methods are designed to promote stability and fracture healing. Locking plate constructs have recently become the mainstream fixation method, but debate exists on whether to use locking plates alone or to augment them with interfragmentary screws. This article compares outcomes of distal femur fractures treated with a single locking plate alone versus those treated with a locking plate and interfragmentary screws. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2019.03.019DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A Case of Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type II With Additional Balanced Translocation t(1;20)(p13;p11.2).

Fetal Pediatr Pathol 2019 Apr 3:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

a Pathology Department , University of Illinois at Chicago , Chicago , IL , USA.

Background: Osteogenesis imperfect (OI) type II is a genetic disorder of bone characterized by bone fragility, multiple fractures, severe bowing and shortening of long bones, and perinatal death due to respiratory insufficiency. It is mainly caused by mutations in the COL1A1 or COL1A2 genes, inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.

Case Report: A fetal form of this disorder that included brachydactyly, macrocephaly, frontal bossing, soft calvarium, saddle nose, micrognathia, low set ears, and narrow thoracic cavity is described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15513815.2019.1579877DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Application of a deep learning algorithm for detection and visualization of hip fractures on plain pelvic radiographs.

Eur Radiol 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Objective: To identify the feasibility of using a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) for the detection and localization of hip fractures on plain frontal pelvic radiographs (PXRs). Hip fracture is a leading worldwide health problem for the elderly. A missed diagnosis of hip fracture on radiography leads to a dismal prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-019-06167-yDOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Pericranial Flap Anterior Skull Base Reconstruction With Gelfoam Intradural Compression.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, Chonnam National University Hospital and Medical School, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

Anterior cranial base reconstruction is occasionally necessary following severe trauma. Several methods for reconstruction have been described and some authors have described their experiences regarding the use of a pericranial flap for anterior skull base reconstruction after trauma. A 26-year-old woman was admitted to our department with multiple facial bone fractures identified using facial bone computed tomography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005364DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Minimally invasive percutaneous medial plate rod osteosynthesis for treatment of bicondylar humeral fractures in dogs: Surgical technique and case report.

Vet Surg 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.

Objective: To describe a minimally invasive surgical technique for the treatment of comminuted humeral bicondylar (also known as T-Y) fractures in dogs and report outcome in 3 cases.

Study Design: Surgical technique description and case report.

Animals: Three consecutive dogs with traumatic comminuted humeral T-Y fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vsu.13196DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

[3D-printed template-assisted reduction of long bone fractures].

Unfallchirurg 2019 Apr;122(4):286-292

Unfallchirurgische Klinik, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Deutschland.

Introduction: In multiply injured patients, the time period between the initial treatment with external fixators (damage control) and the definitive treatment can last from days to weeks. A poor reduction result with the fixator (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00113-019-0627-7DOI Listing

The Risk of a Shod and Unshod Horse Kick to Create Orbital Fractures in Equine Cadaveric Skulls.

Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Equine Department, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Objective:  The aim of this study was to compare the potential of an unshod and shod hoof to cause an orbital fracture in the event of a kick.

Materials And Methods:  Thirty-four equine cadaveric orbitae were exposed to a steel or horn impactor in a dropping test set-up. An impactor velocity of 7 m/s was used for both materials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1683368DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Surgical Trapping With Revascularization of Concomitant Cervical and Petrous Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysms: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neurosciences Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Petrous internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms are rare, complicated lesions to treat. The management paradigms include observation, endovascular exclusion, or surgical trapping with or without revascularization. The case described in this video involved a 67-yr-old woman with a known history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, who presented after a mechanical ground-level fall. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opz022DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Implications of Facial Fracture in Airway Management of the Adult Population: What Is the Most Effective Management Strategy?

Ann Plast Surg 2019 Apr;82(4S Suppl 3):S179-S184

Division of Craniofacial and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS.

Purpose: Facial fractures are a harbinger when it comes to airway management. Facial fractures can cause airway obstruction or preclude the use of intubation. We aim to examine the etiologies, types of facial fractures, and the risk factors that may lead to requirement of an advance airway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001883DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Correlation Between Soft Tissue Injury and the Type of Nasal Fracture Based on Stranc-Robertson Classification.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University, College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Nasal fractures are the most common facial bone fractures, and soft tissue injuries are frequently accompanied. This study intends to make a deep analysis on the relationship between the 2.Patients diagnosed with nasal fracture between 2015 and 2017 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005240DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Medial sustainable nail versus proximal femoral nail antirotation in treating AO/OTA 31-A2.3 fractures: Finite element analysis and biomechanical evaluation.

Injury 2019 Mar 12;50(3):648-656. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Orthopaedics, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Using finite element analysis and biomechanical tests, the biomechanical behaviors of Medial Sustainable Nail (MSN) and Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation (PFNA) were compared for the fixation of fracture type of AO/OTA 31-A2.3.

Methods: Finite element software Abaqus 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2019.02.008DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads
2.137 Impact Factor

Perilymphatic fistula and pneumolabyrinth without temporal bone fracture: a rare entity.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Mar 1;12(3). Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Otorhinolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal.

Post-traumatic pneumolabyrinth is an uncommon clinical entity, particularly in the absence of temporal bone fracture. We report the case of a patient who presented to our emergency department with a headache, sudden left hearing loss and severe dizziness which began after a traumatic brain injury 3 days earlier. On examination, the patient presented signs of left vestibulopathy, left sensorineural hearing loss and positive fistula test, normal otoscopy and without focal neurological signs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228457DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A comparative biomechanical evaluation of different osteosynthesis techniques used for intracapsular condylar head fractures.

J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2019 Apr-Jun;9(2):123-127. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Stomatology, Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Purpose: The aim of the present experimental study was to evaluate the biomechanical behavior in different types of osteosynthesis (titanium screws, bioresorbable pins and miniplates) used in management of intracapsular condylar head fractures.

Method: Experimental models of the condylar head fractures were simulated on 15 dry human cadaveric mandibles. Osteotomized mandibles were randomly divided into three groups with different fixation systems used: 1) 15 mm long titanium screws, 2) 15 mm long bioresorbable pins Sonic Pins Rx, 3) T-shaped titanium miniplate and 7 mm long titanium screws. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jobcr.2019.02.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377404PMC
February 2019

Facial Fracture Patterns Associated with Traumatic Optic Neuropathy.

Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2019 Mar 30;12(1):39-44. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Department of Plastic Surgery, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York.

Traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) is rare. The heterogeneity of injury patterns and patient condition on presentation makes diagnosis difficult. Fracture patterns associated with TON have never been evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1641172DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6391254PMC
March 2019
1 Read

A prospective randomized trial of 100 patients using trochanteric support plates; worth their mettle?

Injury 2019 Mar 7;50(3):733-737. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Orthopedic Trauma Unit, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, St. Olavs University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.

Background And Purpose: To compare the radiological and clinical results of sliding hip screw (SHS) fixation with or without a Trochanteric Support Plate (TSP) on unstable three-or-more-part trochanteric fractures.

Methods: A randomized prospective non blinded study of one hundred patients with trochanteric fractures; Evans-Jensen type 3, 4 and 5, reduced and fixed with SHS. Patients were randomized into two study groups; with or without TSP supplementation ('TSP' and 'NoTSP' groups). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2019.01.035DOI Listing

Traumatic Falls in the Pediatric Population: Facial Fracture Patterns Observed in a Leading Cause of Childhood Injury.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 Apr;82(4S Suppl 3):S195-S198

University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS.

Purpose: Falls are a leading cause of nonfatal injury in the pediatric population, resulting in numerous hospitalizations. Children may not have fully developed reflexive and balancing abilities, rendering them more susceptible to traumatic falls. Here the authors present their findings regarding patterns of facial fracture and concomitant injury seen in the pediatric population secondary to falls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001861DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[Extended trans-ethmoidal decompression of the orbit for the treatment of frontal sinus mucopyocele].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2018;83(6):55-57

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia, 119991.

Mucocele of the paranasal sinuses is a rare disease not infrequently associated with massive bone destruction, orbital and intracranial complications. The authors report a patient presenting with the giant post-traumatic frontal mucopyocele associated with the erosion of the posterior and inferior sinus walls that was clinically manifested as hypo- and exophthalmos and has caused the inferolateral eye deviation and orbital decompression. The patient displayed the ophtalmological symptoms 8 years after the frontal sinus fracture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/otorino20188306155DOI Listing
January 2018

Management of Frontal Sinus Injuries.

Ann Maxillofac Surg 2018 Jul-Dec;8(2):276-280

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Science, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Puducherry, India.

Purpose: The purpose of the present study is to report an overview of fracture patterns and surgical approaches for 15 patients who were treated in our Indhira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Pondicherry, India from 2010 to 2015.

Method And Material: Fifteen people were included in the study, which were diagnosed with anterior table fracture of the frontal sinus and were randomly admitted in our institution. All patients were evaluated preoperatively with axial and coronal computed tomography scans before operating. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ams.ams_187_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327821PMC
January 2019

The Prognostic Value of Rotterdam Computed Tomography Score in Predicting Early Outcomes Among Children with Traumatic Brain Injury.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran; Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran; Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran; Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran; Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran; Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

Background: Prediction of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among children is of great importance for accurate clinical decision making.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prognostic value of the Rotterdam scoring system in predicting early outcome among children with TBI.

Methods: This study was conducted in 2017 on 506 children with brain injury in Kashan, Iran. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750193010
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.221DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Degree of Frontal Bone Exposure via Upper Blepharoplasty Incision: Considerations for Frontal Sinus Fracture.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Mar 22;160(3):468-471. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California Davis, Sacramento, California, USA.

Objective: The upper eyelid blepharoplasty incision affords direct access to the frontal bone for skull base surgery and trauma reconstruction with a well-hidden scar. The goal of this study is to quantify frontal bone exposure that can be achieved with an upper eyelid blepharoplasty incision.

Design: Anatomic study with human cadaver heads. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0194599818825456
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599818825456DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Surgical repair of a depressed, comminuted fracture of the zygomatic process of the frontal bone using a locking compression plate in a Thoroughbred colt foal.

Clin Case Rep 2019 Jan 20;7(1):110-114. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

University College Dublin, University Veterinary Hospital, UCD Dublin 4 Ireland.

This case report demonstrates the use of a 10-hole 2.7-mm locking compression plate (LCP) to repair a depressed, comminuted fracture of the zygomatic process of the frontal bone, in a foal. LCP fixation resulted in excellent cosmesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.1923DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6333185PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Nonlinear models of injury risk and implications in intervention targeting for thoracic injury mitigation.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 9;19(sup2):S103-S108. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

b University of Virginia Department of Public Health Sciences , Charlottesville , Virginia.

Objective: Field data analyses often use either parametric or nonparametric means to describe the relationship between risk and various predictor variables. This study sought to evaluate a hybrid approach using semiconstrained multivariate nonlinear spline-based analysis.

Methods: Data were compiled from NASS-CDS years 1998-2015, selecting belted occupants age 16+ in collisions with a principal direction of force (PDOF) from 10 o'clock to 2 o'clock. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15389588.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1528356DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Sources of Variability in Structural Bending Response of Pediatric and Adult Human Ribs in Dynamic Frontal Impacts.

Stapp Car Crash J 2018 Nov;62:119-192

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Vehicle Research and Test Center.

Despite safety advances, thoracic injuries in motor vehicle crashes remain a significant source of morbidity and mortality, and rib fractures are the most prevalent of thoracic injuries. The objective of this study was to explore sources of variation in rib structural properties in order to identify sources of differential risk of rib fracture between vehicle occupants. A hierarchical model was employed to quantify the effects of demographic differences and rib geometry on structural properties including stiffness, force, displacement, and energy at failure and yield. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

The biomechanics of lower limb injuries in frontal-impact road traffic collisions.

Afr Health Sci 2018 Jun;18(2):321-332

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University,17666 Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.

Aim: We aimed to review the biomechanics of lower limb injuries caused by frontal-impact road traffic collisions.

Methods: In this narrative review, we identified articles through pubmed, Scopus and Science Direct search engines for the period of 1990-2014. Search terms included: "biomechanics", "lower limb injury", "hip injury", "knee injury", "foot and ankle injury" and "frontal impact collision". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v18i2.17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6306979PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

Biomechanical analysis of a femur fracture in osteoarchaeology: Reconstruction of pathomechanics, treatment and gait.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 24;61:115-121. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

University of Brescia, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialities, Radiological Sciences and Public Health, Italy.

In paleopathology, biomechanics allows us to investigate traumas in ancient skeletal remains. The aim of our current research is to reconstruct pathomechanics, treatment and gait of an individual from a Late Medieval femur with evident bone callus. In particular, to reconstruct the dynamic of the trauma that caused the injury and the adopted therapeutic measures, taking into account medical knowledges of that time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.009DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Risk of extrapelvine vascular injuries in osteosynthesis with gliding hip screws.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2019 Mar 18;139(3):339-345. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Traumatology and Sports Injuries, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Müllner Hauptstrasse 48, 5020, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Dynamic hip screw (DHS) osteosynthesis represents one of the most frequently performed fixation methods in orthopedic practice. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential risk of vascular damage by DHS side-plate screws (PS) and plunging instruments for individual femoral vessels and screw positions.

Methods: In ten hemipelvic/leg specimens mounted with a large femur distractor, a DHS system with a four-hole side-plate was inserted. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00402-018-3077-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-018-3077-8DOI Listing
March 2019
19 Reads

Surgical approach of isolated fracture of the anterior wall of the frontal sinus: The upper eyelid incision.

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Nantes University Hospital, 1, place Alexis-Ricordeau, 44093 Nantes cedex 1, France.

Fractures of the frontal sinus are classified according to the topography (anterior wall, posterior wall or both), the displacement, and the presence of associated lesions (wound, nasofrontal duct injury, rhinorrhea). Isolated fractures of the anterior wall require surgical management, if the displacement is over 4 mm, to restore the forehead symmetry, to maintain the sinus ventilation and to avoid long-term complications (sinusitis, mucocele, meningitis…). Coronal incision is commonly performed but less invasive techniques are more and more used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jormas.2018.11.010DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Is bone-cement augmentation of screw-anchor fixation systems superior in unstable femoral neck fractures? A biomechanical cadaveric study.

Injury 2019 Feb 30;50(2):292-300. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

AO Research Institute Davos, Davos, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Objectives: Improved fixation techniques with optional use of bone cements for implant augmentation have been developed to enhance stability and reduce complication rates after osteosynthesis of femoral neck fractures. This biomechanical study aimed to evaluate the effect of cement augmentation on implant anchorage and overall performance of screw-anchor fixation systems in unstable femoral neck fractures.

Methods: Ten pairs of human cadaveric femora were used to create standardized femoral neck fractures (Pauwels type 3 fractures; AO/OTA 31-B2) with comminution and were fixed by means of a rotationally stable screw-anchor (RoSA) system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.10.038DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Moulded Osteomyofascial Pedicled Split (MOPS) Craniotomy Flap in Reconstruction of Anterior Cranial Fossa Defects: Pilot Study of a Novel Technique.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):1011-1017

Department of Neurosurgery, Government Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala, India.

Introduction: Anterior cranial fossa (ACF) defects still remains a reconstructive challenge to neurosurgeons due to the difficult location, inaccessibility, and unfavorable vascular anatomy. Usual reconstructive methods reported complications such as recurrent cerebrospinal fluid leak due to bone resorption and tissue breakdown. This is mainly due to the avascularity of the bone graft and inability to provide bony structural support for the skull base. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_23_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208263PMC
November 2018
13 Reads

The Diagnosis and Management of Facial Bone Fractures.

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2019 Feb;37(1):137-151

Department of Emergency Medicine, Northwestern Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 259 East Erie, Suite 1300, Chicago, IL 60611, USA; Department of Medicine, Northwestern Medicine, Northwestern University Feinber School of Medicine, 259 East Erie Street, Suite 1300, Chicago, IL 60611, USA; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 259 East Erie Street, Suite 1300, Chicago, IL 60611, USA; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 259 East Erie Street, Suite 1300, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Electronic address:

Appropriate medical care for a patient with a facial fracture can not only optimize aesthetic outcomes but also prevent the potential morbidity and mortality of delayed treatment. In this article, we focus on the clinical presentations, physical examination findings, diagnostic imaging, consultations, and follow-up that patients with facial fractures need related to their emergency department management. Specifically, we address the nuances of evaluating frontal, orbital, nasal, maxillofacial, and mandibular fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2018.09.012DOI Listing
February 2019
19 Reads

An Injury Risk Function for the Leg, Foot, and Ankle Exposed to Axial Impact Loading Using Force and Impulse.

J Biomech Eng 2019 Feb;141(2)

Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, , Charlottesville, VA 22911 e-mail: .

Most injury risk functions (IRFs) for dynamic axial loading of the leg have been targeted toward automotive applications such as predicting injury caused by intrusion into the occupant compartment from frontal collisions. Recent focus on leg injuries in the military has led to questions about the applicability of these IRFs shorter duration, higher amplitude loading associated with underbody blast (UBB). To investigate these questions, data were collected from seven separate test series that subjected post-mortem human legs to axial impact. Read More

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http://biomechanical.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/article.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.4042012DOI Listing
February 2019
22 Reads

Review of treatment methods of patients with uncomplicated teeth fractures.

Wiad Lek 2018;71(7):1360-1364

Higher State Educational Establishment Of Ukraine «Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy», Poltava, Ukraine.

Objective: Introduction: Taking into consideration the high prevalence of dental trauma, the issue dental trauma management in the frontal dentition is relevant, considering the principles of biological, economical feasibility and clinical features of each case. The aim: The purpose of this review article is to draw dentists' attention to the high prevalence of uncomplicated fractures of teeth (without pulp chamber exposure) and to highlight the most effective methods for their managment.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: We have processed about 50 scientific sources devoted to the treatment of traumatic lesions of teeth. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Reliability of Ultrasound-Guided One-Point Fixation for Zygomaticomaxillary Complex Fractures.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Jan;30(1):218-222

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

This study aimed to analyze the precision and postoperative stability of ultrasound guided 1-point fixation on the zygomaticomaxillary buttress for the treatment of zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures. The authors analyzed 24 consecutive patients who underwent ultrasound-guided 1-point fixation for ZMC fractures without separation of the fracture at the frontal process of the zygomatic bone. The authors used titanium plates in the first 6 cases, and biodegradable plates in the remaining 18 cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005133DOI Listing
January 2019
30 Reads

Minimally invasive percutaneous medial plate-rod osteosynthesis for treatment of humeral shaft fractures in dog and cats: Surgical technique and prospective evaluation.

Vet Surg 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.

Objective: To describe and prospectively report outcomes associated with a novel minimally invasive percutaneous osteosynthesis (MIPO) technique for the treatment of humeral fractures in dogs and cats.

Study Design: Prospective clinical case series.

Animals: Eleven dogs and 4 cats with traumatic nonarticular humeral fractures. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/vsu.13134
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vsu.13134DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

[Robot assisted sacroiliac screw placement with a modified method of screw path planning].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Nov;98(41):3309-3314

Department of Orthopedics, Yantai Shan Hospital, Yantai 264008, China.

To introduce a robot-assisted modified method of sacroiliac screw path planning in order to reduce the incidence of screw misplacement. The study involved 13 patients suffering from posterior pelvic injuries treated by percutaneous sacroiliac screw in Yantai Shan Hospital from August 2016 to May 2018. The patients included 9 males and 4 females, aged from 18 to 70 years (mean age 46. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2018.41.003DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Patterns of Zygomatic Complex Bone Fracture in Saudi Arabia.

J Emerg Trauma Shock 2018 Jul-Sep;11(3):170-174

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Najran Regional Specialty Dental Centre, Najran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Zygomatic bone (ZB), also known as the cheekbone, articulates with the maxilla, temporal sphenoid, and the frontal bones. It forms the prominence of the cheek and part of the orbit, and because of its prominence, it is susceptible to trauma. The aim of this study was to present the pattern of ZB fracture in a country in the Middle East. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JETS.JETS_12_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182965PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

[The application of computer-assisted design in the reduction of long bone fractures with Taylor spatial frame].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;56(10):786-792

Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin 300211, China.

To evaluate the effect of computer-assisted design based on three-dimensional reconstruction technique on the reduction accuracy of tibial and fibular fractures with Taylor external fixation. A retrospective review was conducted on the clinical data of 69 patients who had tibia and fibula fractures treated with Taylor external fixation in department of orthopedic trauma of Tianjin Hospital from January 2016 to January 2018 to compare the residual deformity after fracture reduction between computer-assisted design method (experimental group) and the standard measurement method (control group). The frontal and lateral tibia and fibula X-ray of all the affected limbs were taken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-5815.2018.10.017DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Relationship Between Nasal Fracture and Blowout Fracture: Can Nasal Fracture Be a Predictor of Blowout Fracture?

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Sep 13. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Professor, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. Electronic address:

Purpose: Nasal and blowout fractures are the most common injuries from craniomaxillofacial trauma. Nasal fractures are easily diagnosed by clinical signs, such as pain and crepitus. However, blowout fractures are frequently asymptomatic and are easy to miss without computed tomographic (CT) scanning. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782391183105
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2018.09.003DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Dental and craniofacial characteristics caused by the p.Ser40Leu mutation in IFITM5.

Am J Med Genet A 2019 Jan 5;179(1):65-70. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Faculty of Dentistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Severe forms of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) are usually caused by mutations in genes that code for collagen Type I and frequently are associated with craniofacial abnormalities. However, the dental and craniofacial characteristics of OI caused by the p.Ser40Leu mutation in the IFITM5 gene have not been reported. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ajmg.a.40383
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.40383DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347491PMC
January 2019
19 Reads

Traumatic Optic Neuropathy - Case Report with Discussion on Diagnostic Procedures and Therapy.

Acta Clin Croat 2018 Mar;57(1):166-172

Stubičke Toplice Special Hospital for Medical Rehabilitation, Stubičke Toplice, Croatia.

Traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) is a serious vision threatening condition that can be caused by ocular or head trauma. Indirect damage to the optic nerve is the most common form of TON occurring in 0.5% to 5% of all closed head trauma cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20471/acc.2018.57.01.22DOI Listing

Correlation Between the Existing Classifications of Nasal Bone Fractures and Subjective Patient Satisfaction.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1825-1828

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University, College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Since the nose is at the center of the face, small changes to it can cause a big overall change. Therefore, a nasal fracture needs to be operated on when deformity is expected. Although many taxonomies have been developed for nasal bone fractures, no study has aimed to predict individual patient satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005043DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Upper Eyelid Approach for the Reconstruction of Isolated Fractures of the Anterior Wall of the Frontal Sinus.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1903-1905

Loma Linda University, Loma Linda.

The management of frontal sinus fractures can vary widely depending on involvement of the anterior wall, the posterior wall, and the frontonasal duct. The main morbidity associated with isolated anterior wall fractures is an aesthetic deformity. Treatment includes coronal, endoscopic, and transcutaneous approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005004DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Taphonomic inferences about Middle Pleistocene hominins: The human cranium of Gruta da Aroeira (Portugal).

Am J Phys Anthropol 2018 Nov 29;167(3):615-627. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Departamento de Geodinámica, Estratigrafía y Paleontología, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: The aim of this work is to describe the taphonomic signatures of the Aroeira 3 cranium, with a specific focus on cranial breakage, comparing the cranium with other Middle and Upper Pleistocene hominin fossils in order to approximate the cause of death and the biological agencies and geologic processes involved in the taphonomic record of this specimen. Aroeira-3 was recovered from Acheulean layer X of Gruta da Aroeira (Portugal), dated to 390-436 ka.

Materials And Methods: Taphonomic analyses noted surface modifications employing standard methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23689DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Frontal Sinus Obliteration Utilizing Autogenous Abdominal Fat Graft.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018 Aug 21;6(8):1462-1467. Epub 2018 Jul 21.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Frontal sinus fractures have always been unique because of the controversy surrounding their ideal treatment protocol and the fatal complications that could follow if the wrong treatment opts.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess clinically and radiographically frontal sinus obliteration technique utilising autogenous abdominal fat graft.

Patients And Methods: This study was carried out on 20 patients having anterior table fracture of their frontal sinuses indicated for sinus obliteration. Read More

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https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2018.295
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2018.295DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6108793PMC
August 2018
10 Reads

Frontal Bone Fracture Patterns Suggesting Involvement of Optic Canal Damage.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1799-1803

Department of Dentistry and Oral Surgery.

Purpose: Fracture of the frontal bone can be accompanied by damage to the optic canal. The present study uses finite element analysis to identify fracture patterns, suggesting the involvement of the optic canal.

Methods: Ten finite-element skull models were generated from computer tomography data of 10 persons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004926DOI Listing
October 2018
18 Reads