2,572 results match your criteria Fracture Frontal


Traumatic Falls in the Pediatric Population: Facial Fracture Patterns Observed in a Leading Cause of Childhood Injury.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS.

Purpose: Falls are a leading cause of nonfatal injury in the pediatric population, resulting in numerous hospitalizations. Children may not have fully developed reflexive and balancing abilities, rendering them more susceptible to traumatic falls. Here the authors present their findings regarding patterns of facial fracture and concomitant injury seen in the pediatric population secondary to falls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001861DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Extended trans-ethmoidal decompression of the orbit for the treatment of frontal sinus mucopyocele].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2018 ;83(6):55-57

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia, 119991.

Mucocele of the paranasal sinuses is a rare disease not infrequently associated with massive bone destruction, orbital and intracranial complications. The authors report a patient presenting with the giant post-traumatic frontal mucopyocele associated with the erosion of the posterior and inferior sinus walls that was clinically manifested as hypo- and exophthalmos and has caused the inferolateral eye deviation and orbital decompression. The patient displayed the ophtalmological symptoms 8 years after the frontal sinus fracture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/otorino20188306155DOI Listing
January 2018

Management of Frontal Sinus Injuries.

Ann Maxillofac Surg 2018 Jul-Dec;8(2):276-280

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Science, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Puducherry, India.

Purpose: The purpose of the present study is to report an overview of fracture patterns and surgical approaches for 15 patients who were treated in our Indhira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Pondicherry, India from 2010 to 2015.

Method And Material: Fifteen people were included in the study, which were diagnosed with anterior table fracture of the frontal sinus and were randomly admitted in our institution. All patients were evaluated preoperatively with axial and coronal computed tomography scans before operating. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ams.ams_187_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327821PMC
January 2019

The prognostic value of Rotterdam CT score in predicting early outcomes among children with traumatic brain injury.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

MD, Resident of Radiology; Kashan University of Medical Sciences , Kashan, Iran.

Background: Outcome Prediction of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among children is of great importance to accurate clinical decision making.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prognostic value of Rotterdam scoring system in predicting early outcome among children with TBI.

Methods: This study was conducted in 2017 on 506 children with brain injury in Kashan, Iran. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750193010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.221DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Degree of Frontal Bone Exposure via Upper Blepharoplasty Incision: Considerations for Frontal Sinus Fracture.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Jan 22:194599818825456. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California Davis, Sacramento, California, USA.

Objective: The upper eyelid blepharoplasty incision affords direct access to the frontal bone for skull base surgery and trauma reconstruction with a well-hidden scar. The goal of this study is to quantify frontal bone exposure that can be achieved with an upper eyelid blepharoplasty incision.

Design: Anatomic study with human cadaver heads. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599818825456DOI Listing
January 2019

Surgical repair of a depressed, comminuted fracture of the zygomatic process of the frontal bone using a locking compression plate in a Thoroughbred colt foal.

Clin Case Rep 2019 Jan 20;7(1):110-114. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

University College Dublin, University Veterinary Hospital, UCD Dublin 4 Ireland.

This case report demonstrates the use of a 10-hole 2.7-mm locking compression plate (LCP) to repair a depressed, comminuted fracture of the zygomatic process of the frontal bone, in a foal. LCP fixation resulted in excellent cosmesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.1923DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6333185PMC
January 2019

Nonlinear models of injury risk and implications in intervention targeting for thoracic injury mitigation.

Traffic Inj Prev 2019 Jan 9:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

b University of Virginia Department of Public Health Sciences , Charlottesville , Virginia.

Objective: Field data analyses often use either parametric or nonparametric means to describe the relationship between risk and various predictor variables. This study sought to evaluate a hybrid approach using semiconstrained multivariate nonlinear spline-based analysis.

Methods: Data were compiled from NASS-CDS years 1998-2015, selecting belted occupants age 16+ in collisions with a principal direction of force (PDOF) from 10 o'clock to 2 o'clock. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15389588.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1528356DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Sources of Variability in Structural Bending Response of Pediatric and Adult Human Ribs in Dynamic Frontal Impacts.

Stapp Car Crash J 2018 Nov;62:119-192

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Vehicle Research and Test Center.

Despite safety advances, thoracic injuries in motor vehicle crashes remain a significant source of morbidity and mortality, and rib fractures are the most prevalent of thoracic injuries. The objective of this study was to explore sources of variation in rib structural properties in order to identify sources of differential risk of rib fracture between vehicle occupants. A hierarchical model was employed to quantify the effects of demographic differences and rib geometry on structural properties including stiffness, force, displacement, and energy at failure and yield. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

The biomechanics of lower limb injuries in frontal-impact road traffic collisions.

Afr Health Sci 2018 Jun;18(2):321-332

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University,17666 Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.

Aim: We aimed to review the biomechanics of lower limb injuries caused by frontal-impact road traffic collisions.

Methods: In this narrative review, we identified articles through pubmed, Scopus and Science Direct search engines for the period of 1990-2014. Search terms included: "biomechanics", "lower limb injury", "hip injury", "knee injury", "foot and ankle injury" and "frontal impact collision". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v18i2.17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6306979PMC
June 2018
5 Reads

Biomechanical analysis of a femur fracture in osteoarchaeology: Reconstruction of pathomechanics, treatment and gait.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 24;61:115-121. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

University of Brescia, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialities, Radiological Sciences and Public Health, Italy.

In paleopathology, biomechanics allows us to investigate traumas in ancient skeletal remains. The aim of our current research is to reconstruct pathomechanics, treatment and gait of an individual from a Late Medieval femur with evident bone callus. In particular, to reconstruct the dynamic of the trauma that caused the injury and the adopted therapeutic measures, taking into account medical knowledges of that time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.11.009DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Risk of extrapelvine vascular injuries in osteosynthesis with gliding hip screws.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2019 Mar 18;139(3):339-345. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Traumatology and Sports Injuries, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Müllner Hauptstrasse 48, 5020, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Dynamic hip screw (DHS) osteosynthesis represents one of the most frequently performed fixation methods in orthopedic practice. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential risk of vascular damage by DHS side-plate screws (PS) and plunging instruments for individual femoral vessels and screw positions.

Methods: In ten hemipelvic/leg specimens mounted with a large femur distractor, a DHS system with a four-hole side-plate was inserted. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00402-018-3077-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-018-3077-8DOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads

Surgical approach of isolated fracture of the anterior wall of the frontal sinus: The upper eyelid incision.

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Nantes University Hospital, 1, place Alexis-Ricordeau, 44093 Nantes cedex 1, France.

Fractures of the frontal sinus are classified according to the topography (anterior wall, posterior wall or both), the displacement, and the presence of associated lesions (wound, nasofrontal duct injury, rhinorrhea). Isolated fractures of the anterior wall require surgical management, if the displacement is over 4 mm, to restore the forehead symmetry, to maintain the sinus ventilation and to avoid long-term complications (sinusitis, mucocele, meningitis…). Coronal incision is commonly performed but less invasive techniques are more and more used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jormas.2018.11.010DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Is bone-cement augmentation of screw-anchor fixation systems superior in unstable femoral neck fractures? A biomechanical cadaveric study.

Injury 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

AO Research Institute Davos, Davos, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Objectives: Improved fixation techniques with optional use of bone cements for implant augmentation have been developed to enhance stability and reduce complication rates after osteosynthesis of femoral neck fractures. This biomechanical study aimed to evaluate the effect of cement augmentation on implant anchorage and overall performance of screw-anchor fixation systems in unstable femoral neck fractures.

Methods: Ten pairs of human cadaveric femora were used to create standardized femoral neck fractures (Pauwels type 3 fractures; AO/OTA 31-B2) with comminution and were fixed by means of a rotationally stable screw-anchor (RoSA) system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.10.038DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Moulded Osteomyofascial Pedicled Split (MOPS) Craniotomy Flap in Reconstruction of Anterior Cranial Fossa Defects: Pilot Study of a Novel Technique.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):1011-1017

Department of Neurosurgery, Government Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala, India.

Introduction: Anterior cranial fossa (ACF) defects still remains a reconstructive challenge to neurosurgeons due to the difficult location, inaccessibility, and unfavorable vascular anatomy. Usual reconstructive methods reported complications such as recurrent cerebrospinal fluid leak due to bone resorption and tissue breakdown. This is mainly due to the avascularity of the bone graft and inability to provide bony structural support for the skull base. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_23_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208263PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

The Diagnosis and Management of Facial Bone Fractures.

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2019 Feb;37(1):137-151

Department of Emergency Medicine, Northwestern Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 259 East Erie, Suite 1300, Chicago, IL 60611, USA; Department of Medicine, Northwestern Medicine, Northwestern University Feinber School of Medicine, 259 East Erie Street, Suite 1300, Chicago, IL 60611, USA; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 259 East Erie Street, Suite 1300, Chicago, IL 60611, USA; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 259 East Erie Street, Suite 1300, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Electronic address:

Appropriate medical care for a patient with a facial fracture can not only optimize aesthetic outcomes but also prevent the potential morbidity and mortality of delayed treatment. In this article, we focus on the clinical presentations, physical examination findings, diagnostic imaging, consultations, and follow-up that patients with facial fractures need related to their emergency department management. Specifically, we address the nuances of evaluating frontal, orbital, nasal, maxillofacial, and mandibular fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2018.09.012DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

An Injury Risk Function for the Leg, Foot, and Ankle Exposed to Axial Impact Loading Using Force and Impulse.

J Biomech Eng 2019 Feb;141(2)

Center for Applied Biomechanics, University of Virginia, , Charlottesville, VA 22911 e-mail: .

Most injury risk functions (IRFs) for dynamic axial loading of the leg have been targeted toward automotive applications such as predicting injury caused by intrusion into the occupant compartment from frontal collisions. Recent focus on leg injuries in the military has led to questions about the applicability of these IRFs shorter duration, higher amplitude loading associated with underbody blast (UBB). To investigate these questions, data were collected from seven separate test series that subjected post-mortem human legs to axial impact. Read More

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http://biomechanical.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/article.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.4042012DOI Listing
February 2019
17 Reads

Review of treatment methods of patients with uncomplicated teeth fractures.

Wiad Lek 2018 ;71(7):1360-1364

Higher State Educational Establishment Of Ukraine «Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy», Poltava, Ukraine.

Objective: Introduction: Taking into consideration the high prevalence of dental trauma, the issue dental trauma management in the frontal dentition is relevant, considering the principles of biological, economical feasibility and clinical features of each case. The aim: The purpose of this review article is to draw dentists' attention to the high prevalence of uncomplicated fractures of teeth (without pulp chamber exposure) and to highlight the most effective methods for their managment.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: We have processed about 50 scientific sources devoted to the treatment of traumatic lesions of teeth. Read More

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January 2018

Reliability of Ultrasound-Guided One-Point Fixation for Zygomaticomaxillary Complex Fractures.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Jan;30(1):218-222

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

This study aimed to analyze the precision and postoperative stability of ultrasound guided 1-point fixation on the zygomaticomaxillary buttress for the treatment of zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures. The authors analyzed 24 consecutive patients who underwent ultrasound-guided 1-point fixation for ZMC fractures without separation of the fracture at the frontal process of the zygomatic bone. The authors used titanium plates in the first 6 cases, and biodegradable plates in the remaining 18 cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005133DOI Listing
January 2019
19 Reads

Minimally invasive percutaneous medial plate-rod osteosynthesis for treatment of humeral shaft fractures in dog and cats: Surgical technique and prospective evaluation.

Vet Surg 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.

Objective: To describe and prospectively report outcomes associated with a novel minimally invasive percutaneous osteosynthesis (MIPO) technique for the treatment of humeral fractures in dogs and cats.

Study Design: Prospective clinical case series.

Animals: Eleven dogs and 4 cats with traumatic nonarticular humeral fractures. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/vsu.13134
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vsu.13134DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Patterns of Zygomatic Complex Bone Fracture in Saudi Arabia.

J Emerg Trauma Shock 2018 Jul-Sep;11(3):170-174

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Najran Regional Specialty Dental Centre, Najran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Zygomatic bone (ZB), also known as the cheekbone, articulates with the maxilla, temporal sphenoid, and the frontal bones. It forms the prominence of the cheek and part of the orbit, and because of its prominence, it is susceptible to trauma. The aim of this study was to present the pattern of ZB fracture in a country in the Middle East. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JETS.JETS_12_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182965PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

[The application of computer-assisted design in the reduction of long bone fractures with Taylor spatial frame].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;56(10):786-792

Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin 300211, China.

To evaluate the effect of computer-assisted design based on three-dimensional reconstruction technique on the reduction accuracy of tibial and fibular fractures with Taylor external fixation. A retrospective review was conducted on the clinical data of 69 patients who had tibia and fibula fractures treated with Taylor external fixation in department of orthopedic trauma of Tianjin Hospital from January 2016 to January 2018 to compare the residual deformity after fracture reduction between computer-assisted design method (experimental group) and the standard measurement method (control group). The frontal and lateral tibia and fibula X-ray of all the affected limbs were taken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-5815.2018.10.017DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Relationship Between Nasal Fracture and Blowout Fracture: Can Nasal Fracture Be a Predictor of Blowout Fracture?

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Sep 13. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Professor, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. Electronic address:

Purpose: Nasal and blowout fractures are the most common injuries from craniomaxillofacial trauma. Nasal fractures are easily diagnosed by clinical signs, such as pain and crepitus. However, blowout fractures are frequently asymptomatic and are easy to miss without computed tomographic (CT) scanning. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02782391183105
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2018.09.003DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Dental and craniofacial characteristics caused by the p.Ser40Leu mutation in IFITM5.

Am J Med Genet A 2019 Jan 5;179(1):65-70. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Faculty of Dentistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Severe forms of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) are usually caused by mutations in genes that code for collagen Type I and frequently are associated with craniofacial abnormalities. However, the dental and craniofacial characteristics of OI caused by the p.Ser40Leu mutation in the IFITM5 gene have not been reported. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ajmg.a.40383
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.40383DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347491PMC
January 2019
14 Reads

Traumatic Optic Neuropathy - Case Report with Discussion on Diagnostic Procedures and Therapy.

Acta Clin Croat 2018 Mar;57(1):166-172

Stubičke Toplice Special Hospital for Medical Rehabilitation, Stubičke Toplice, Croatia.

Traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) is a serious vision threatening condition that can be caused by ocular or head trauma. Indirect damage to the optic nerve is the most common form of TON occurring in 0.5% to 5% of all closed head trauma cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20471/acc.2018.57.01.22DOI Listing

Correlation Between the Existing Classifications of Nasal Bone Fractures and Subjective Patient Satisfaction.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1825-1828

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University, College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Since the nose is at the center of the face, small changes to it can cause a big overall change. Therefore, a nasal fracture needs to be operated on when deformity is expected. Although many taxonomies have been developed for nasal bone fractures, no study has aimed to predict individual patient satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005043DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Upper Eyelid Approach for the Reconstruction of Isolated Fractures of the Anterior Wall of the Frontal Sinus.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1903-1905

Loma Linda University, Loma Linda.

The management of frontal sinus fractures can vary widely depending on involvement of the anterior wall, the posterior wall, and the frontonasal duct. The main morbidity associated with isolated anterior wall fractures is an aesthetic deformity. Treatment includes coronal, endoscopic, and transcutaneous approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005004DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Taphonomic inferences about Middle Pleistocene hominins: The human cranium of Gruta da Aroeira (Portugal).

Am J Phys Anthropol 2018 Nov 29;167(3):615-627. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Departamento de Geodinámica, Estratigrafía y Paleontología, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: The aim of this work is to describe the taphonomic signatures of the Aroeira 3 cranium, with a specific focus on cranial breakage, comparing the cranium with other Middle and Upper Pleistocene hominin fossils in order to approximate the cause of death and the biological agencies and geologic processes involved in the taphonomic record of this specimen. Aroeira-3 was recovered from Acheulean layer X of Gruta da Aroeira (Portugal), dated to 390-436 ka.

Materials And Methods: Taphonomic analyses noted surface modifications employing standard methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23689DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Frontal Sinus Obliteration Utilizing Autogenous Abdominal Fat Graft.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018 Aug 21;6(8):1462-1467. Epub 2018 Jul 21.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Frontal sinus fractures have always been unique because of the controversy surrounding their ideal treatment protocol and the fatal complications that could follow if the wrong treatment opts.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess clinically and radiographically frontal sinus obliteration technique utilising autogenous abdominal fat graft.

Patients And Methods: This study was carried out on 20 patients having anterior table fracture of their frontal sinuses indicated for sinus obliteration. Read More

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https://www.id-press.eu/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2018.295
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2018.295DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6108793PMC
August 2018
10 Reads

Frontal Bone Fracture Patterns Suggesting Involvement of Optic Canal Damage.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1799-1803

Department of Dentistry and Oral Surgery.

Purpose: Fracture of the frontal bone can be accompanied by damage to the optic canal. The present study uses finite element analysis to identify fracture patterns, suggesting the involvement of the optic canal.

Methods: Ten finite-element skull models were generated from computer tomography data of 10 persons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004926DOI Listing
October 2018
17 Reads

The Supratarsal Approach for Correction of Anterior Frontal Bone Fractures.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1906-1909

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Karolinska University Hospital.

Background: To approach isolated anterior frontal bone fracture, coronal incision is the common surgical access of choice. This approach has complications such as aesthetically undesirable scarring and alopecia along the incision line. An alternative approach to these fractures is through a supratarsal incision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004984DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Surgical Treatment of Anterior Sinus Wall Fracture Due to Sports Accident.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):e722-e723

Department of Surgery and Integrated Clinic, São Paulo State University (UNESP), School of Dentistry, Araçatuba, Brazil.

Frontal bone fractures represent a low percentage of craniofacial fractures. However, a systematic approach and a correct diagnosis are essential for successful treatment and maintenance of physiology of the frontal sinus and late complications. The purpose of this study was to report a clinical patient with anterior wall fracture of the frontal due to sports accident sinus that was surgically treated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004983DOI Listing
October 2018
21 Reads

The assessment of airbag deployment and seatbelt use in preventing facial injuries.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2018 12 28;14(4):503-508. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Montenegro, Ljubljanska b.b, 20000, Podgorica, Montenegro.

This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of airbags and seatbelts in the prevention of facial fractures and slight facial injuries in relation to the speed and kinetic energy experienced in frontal collisions. All cases of vehicle occupants who had been in frontal collisions and had subsequently been examined in the Institute for Emergency Medical Assistance and the Clinical Center of Montenegro in 2017 were analyzed. There were 29 cases of facial fractures (Group 1), 35 cases of slight facial injuries (including nondisplaced nasal fractures) (Group 2), and 26 cases of occupants who had suffered no facial injuries (control Group 3). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-018-0020-9DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Skull Metastasis Extending to the Superior Sagittal Sinus: An Unfamiliar Presentation of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.

Cureus 2018 Jun 5;10(6):e2738. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Internal Medicine, Shifa College Of Medicine, Islamabad, PAK.

Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine cancer in the world, with a rising global incidence over the last three decades. Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common type of thyroid neoplasia, accounting for 74%-80% of all cases. Skull metastasis from a differentiated thyroid malignancy is a rare occurrence, while a subsequent dural involvement is even more inimitable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2738DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6075641PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Vertebral strength prediction from Bi-Planar dual energy x-ray absorptiometry under anterior compressive force using a finite element model: An in vitro study.

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2018 Nov 17;87:190-196. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Arts et Metiers ParisTech, Institut de Biomecanique Humaine Georges Charpak, 151 bd de l'Hopital, 75013 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Finite element models (FEM) derived from qCT-scans were developed as a clinical tool to evaluate vertebral strength. However, the high dose, time and cost of qCT-scanner are limitations for routine osteoporotic diagnosis. A new approach considers using bi-planar dual energy (BP2E) X-rays absorptiometry to build vertebral FEM using synchronized sagittal and frontal plane radiographs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.07.026DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

[Mandibular repositioning in adult patients. An alternative to surgery in some patients? A two-year follow-up].

Orthod Fr 2018 06 24;89(2):123-135. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Department of Orthodontics at Hannover University Germany, and University of West Australia Perth   - Holtevej 11, 8000C Aarhus, Denmark.

Introduction: A number of adult patients with skeletal discrepancies refuse surgical intervention.

Aims: The aim was to assess the reaction to mandibular repositioning in simulating a skeletal correction in such patients.

Materials And Methods: 32 consecutive patients without any signs of temporo-mandibular dysfunction (TMD) were offered mandibular repositioning, as a non-invasive alternative and it was explained to them that the approach was based on the results described in case reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/orthodfr/2018013DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads

Lineage-Specific Wnt Reporter Elucidates Mesenchymal Wnt Signaling during Bone Repair.

Am J Pathol 2018 Oct 20;188(10):2155-2163. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address:

β-Catenin-dependent Wnt signaling controls numerous aspects of skeletal development and postnatal bone repair. Currently available transgenic Wnt reporter mice allow for visualization of global canonical Wnt signaling activity within skeletal tissues, without delineation of cell type. This is particularly important in a bone repair context, in which the inflammatory phase can obscure the visualization of mesenchymal cell types of interest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajpath.2018.07.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6180253PMC
October 2018
1 Read
4.590 Impact Factor

Reduction of Supraorbital Fractures via a Short Sub-Brow Incision.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov;29(8):2164-2165

Department of Anatomy, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.

The authors report a short-incision supraorbital approach through an upper eyebrow skin incision that was used to treat supraorbital rim fractures in 2 patients.With the patient in the supine position, short incision lines were designed. Their length was usually less than 1 cm (1 or 2 mm medial to the frontal nerve and lateral to the supraorbital nerve), and they were designed at the inferior margin of the eyebrow to avoid injuring the frontal, supraorbital, or supratrochlear nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004738DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read
0.680 Impact Factor

Computational modeling and analysis of thoracolumbar spine fractures in frontal crash reconstruction.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 Oct 10:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

a Wake Forest University School of Medicine , Winston-Salem , North Carolina.

Objective: This study aimed to reconstruct 11 motor vehicle crashes (6 with thoracolumbar fractures and 5 without thoracolumbar fractures) and analyze the fracture mechanism, fracture predictors, and associated parameters affecting thoracolumbar spine response.

Methods: Eleven frontal crashes were reconstructed with a finite element simplified vehicle model (SVM). The SVM was tuned to each case vehicle and the Total HUman Model for Safety (THUMS) Ver. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1498090DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Frontal Sinus Morphology: A Reliable Factor for Classification of Frontal Bone Fractures?

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Oct 22;76(10):2168.e1-2168.e7. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Professor and Head, Department of Oral and Craniomaxillofacial and Plastic Surgery, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Purpose: The frontal sinus shows a wide range of morphologic variations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of frontal sinus size on fracture characteristics in frontal bone trauma.

Materials And Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data from patients with traumatic fractures of the frontal bone were retrospectively collected from the institution's database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2018.06.020DOI Listing
October 2018
21 Reads

Effectiveness of wearing a bicycle helmet for impacts against the front of a vehicle and the road surface.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 23;19(7):773-777. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

a Automotive Research Department , National Traffic Safety and Environment Laboratory , Chofu , Tokyo , Japan.

Objective: To assess the effect of wearing a bicycle helmet using an adult headform in terms of the head injury criterion (HIC) when the frontal and lateral parts of the helmet impact a vehicle body and also when the frontal part of the helmet impacts the road surface.

Methods: The adult headform was made to impact the hood, windscreen, roof top, and roof side rail of a vehicle body at an impact velocity of 35 km/h, which is a common head-to-vehicle impact velocity in real-world cyclist-vehicle collisions, in which the vehicle impacts the cyclist at 40 km/h. For the road surface impact experiments, we set a drop height of 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1498089DOI Listing
October 2018

Custom-made hydroxyapatite for cranial repair in a specific pediatric age group (7-13 years old): a multicenter post-marketing surveillance study.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jul 10. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Pediatric Neurosurgery, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCSS, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.

Background: CustomBone Service (CBS) is a patient-specific, biocompatible, and osteoconductive device made of porous hydroxyapatite, indicated for cranial reconstruction in adults and children. Adult literature data report a failure rate of about 8%. The aim of this Post-Marketing Surveillance study is to verify the hypothesis that CBS in children aged 7-13 years old shows a failure rate not superior to adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-3905-8DOI Listing
July 2018
10 Reads

Split Calvarial Graft and Titanium Mesh for Reconstruction of Post-Craniotomy Frontal Bone Defect.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2018 Mar;28(2):245-248

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Background: The goal of cranioplasty is to achieve a lifelong, stable and structural reconstruction of the cranium covered by a healthy skin and scalp flap. We present two cases of large frontal bone defect following a accident.

Cases: We describe the utilization of autogenous local split calvarial graft and titanium mesh for the reconstruction of the post trauma frontal bone defect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v28i2.16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016346PMC
March 2018
23 Reads

Biomechanical and Clinical Comparative Study of the New Elastic Stable Intramedullary Nailing "MJ-FLEX Orthofix".

J Pediatr Orthop 2018 Jul 2. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Department of Orthopaedic Pediatric Surgery of Dijon, Hospital François Mitter, Medical University of Dijon, Dijon.

Background: The objectives of this study were first to compare the results of osteosynthesis with standard Metaizeau (MS) nails versus Metaizeau Junior Flex or MJF Orthofix (MJF) in terms of the stability of long-bone fractures in children, and to study the preoperative and postoperative safety of these new nails. We also carried out an analysis by computer modeling of a femur, in order to compare the biomechanical stability of the 2 nails. The interest in the MJF nails lies in the improvements they bring in terms of stability for long-bone fractures in pediatric patients, as well as the simplification of the surgical procedure. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=01241398-900000000-9887
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001206DOI Listing
July 2018
18 Reads

Use of the Minimally Invasive Reduction Instrumentation System for Facilitating Alignment and Reduction When Performing Minimally Invasive Plate Osteosynthesis in Three Dogs.

Case Rep Vet Med 2018 15;2018:2976795. Epub 2018 Apr 15.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

The Minimally Invasive Reduction Instrumentation System (MIRIS) was utilized to facilitate minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) of distal limb diaphyseal comminuted fractures (2 crural, 1 antebrachial) in three dogs. The MIRIS facilitated efficient MIPO in all three fractures. Radial and tibial lengths were restored within 2% of the length of the intact bone and postoperative frontal and sagittal plane angulation were within 3° of the normal contralateral limb for each of the fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2976795DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005280PMC
April 2018
16 Reads

Treatment of calvarial defects by resorbable and non-resorbable sonic activated polymer pins and mouldable titanium mesh in two dogs: a case report.

BMC Vet Res 2018 Jun 22;14(1):199. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Fitzpatrick Referrals, Orthopaedic and Neurology Hospital, Halfway Lane, Eashing, Godalming, GU7 2QQ, UK.

Background: To date, calvarial defects in dogs have traditionally been addressed with different types of implants including bone allograft, polymethylmethacrylate and titanium mesh secured with conventional metallic fixation methods. This report describes the use of an absorbable and non absorbable novel polymer fixation method, Bonewelding® technology, in combination with titanium mesh for the repair of calvarial defects in two dogs. The clinical outcomes and comparative complication using resorbable and non-resorbable thermoplastic pins were compared. Read More

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https://bmcvetres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12917-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-018-1506-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6013898PMC
June 2018
41 Reads

Differences in third metacarpal trabecular microarchitecture between the parasagittal groove and condyle at birth and in adult racehorses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 13;51(1):115-122. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Comparative Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, Département des Sciences Cliniques, Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec, Canada.

Background: The aetiology of equine metacarpal condylar fractures is not completely understood and a developmental cause has been postulated.

Objectives: To investigate the subchondral bone trabecular microarchitecture of the lateral parasagittal groove and condyle in equine neonates and its adaptation with maturation and athletic activity.

Study Design: Ex vivo observational study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.12980DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Acute contrecoup epidural hematoma that developed without skull fracture in two adults: two case reports.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Jun 14;12(1):166. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

Department of Neurosurgery (Omori), School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Toho University, 6-11-1, Omori-nishi, Ota-ku, Tokyo, 143-8541, Japan.

Background: The incidence of acute epidural hematoma not accompanied by fracture is low, and it mostly occurs right below the impact point in children. Acute epidural hematoma on the contralateral side of the impact point without fracture is very rare.

Case Presentation: Case 1: a 52-year-old Japanese woman fell and was bruised in the left occipital region, and acute epidural hematoma developed in the right frontal region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1676-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6001146PMC
June 2018
2 Reads