4,481 results match your criteria Fracture Face


The Quality of Life of Patients with Surgically Treated Mandibular Fractures and the Relationship of the Posttraumatic Pain and Trismus with the Postoperative Complications: A Prospective Study.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2019 Apr 17;55(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Primary Health Care Center, 20000 Podgorica, Montenegro.

Due to the fact that the mandible is the only movable bone in the face, it is often exposed to the influence of external forces. The incidence of trismus and posttraumatic pain in unilateral mandibular corpus fractures may be related to the occurrence of complications. There is a decrease in the quality of life of these patients. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1010-660X/55/4/109
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina55040109DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Quantitative examination of the bone health status of older adults with intellectual and developmental disability in Ireland: a cross-sectional nationwide study.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 15;9(4):e026939. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, The University of Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Objectives: (1) To investigate the prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis among adults with intellectual disabilities (IDs) and (2) to examine alternative optimal bone screening techniques.

Design: Observational cross-sectional study.

Setting: Wave 2 (2013-2106) of the Intellectual Disability Supplement to the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026939DOI Listing

Studies on Curing Kinetics and Tensile Properties of Silica-Filled Phenolic Amine/Epoxy Resin Nanocomposite.

Polymers (Basel) 2019 Apr 15;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Material Science and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China.

In this study, the curing kinetics of the phenolic amine/epoxy resin system were investigated by nonisothermal differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The model-free isoconversional method of Ozawa-Flynn-Wall reveals a dependence of (activation energy) on conversion (α), which interprets the autocatalytic curing reaction mechanism of the phenolic amine/epoxy resin system. Studies on the effects of nano-SiO₂ particles on the tensile properties and tensile fracture face morphology of nanocomposites show that the uniform dispersion of SiO₂ nanoparticles plays an important role in promoting the tensile performance of nanocomposites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym11040680DOI Listing

Treatment of Panfacial Fractures and Three-Dimensional Outcome Analysis: The Occlusion First Approach.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Ulsan University, Seoul, Korea.

Successful management of panfacial fractures requires an understanding of the component fracture patterns and the ability to relate them anatomically to the stable elements of the skull. However, there is no widespread agreement on the ideal approach to treatment of panfacial fractures and several techniques have been proposed. Here, the authors suggest the "occlusion first" approach, a technique that involves larger segment reduction as the initial step to provide an appropriate occlusal plane. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00001665-900000000-9475
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005528DOI Listing
March 2019
10 Reads

An overview of thermal necrosis: present and future.

Curr Med Res Opin 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

o University of Western Australia , Perth , Australia.

Introduction: Many orthopaedic procedures require drilling of bone, especially fracture repair cases. Bone drilling results in heat generation due to the friction between the bone and the drill bit. A high-level of heat generation kills bone cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03007995.2019.1603671DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads
2.653 Impact Factor

Hemodialysis product and hip fracture in hemodialysis patients: A nationwide cohort study in Japan.

Ther Apher Dial 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Division of Clinical Nephrology and Rheumatology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Science, Niigata, Japan.

Some have raised concerns that longer and more frequent hemodialysis would be associated with bone fractures due to excess phosphate removal. We examined the effects of Hemodialysis Product on hip fracture incidence among Japanese hemodialysis patients using registry data of the Japanese Society of Dialysis Therapy. During a one-year study period, 1,411 hip fractures occurred among 135,984 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1744-9987.12807DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

The Impact of Blast Implosions and Bullet Injury on Maxillary Air Sinus.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Almaamun Dental Care Center, Baghdad, Iraq.

Background: Successive waves and generations of terrorists attacked the Iraqis in the years following the fall of the regime in Iraq in 2003, after the US invasion of the country under the pretext of weapons of mass destruction. Hence, the Iraqi people enrolled in ongoing war with these armed groups which led to massive casualties due to blasts and missile injuries.Mechanism of blasts injury can be classified into primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005354DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Proteinuria is Associated with Increased Risk of Fragility Fracture in Men With or at Risk for HIV infection Proteinuria and Fracture Risk Association.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Johns Hopkins University.

Background: Proteinuria has been associated with bone loss and fractures in general population but data in HIV-infected population is lacking.

Setting: Prospective, multicenter cohort study of men with or at risk for HIV infection.

Methods: Between 2006 and 2015, urine protein measurements and bone fracture histories were ascertained semi-annually in 947 HIV-infected (HIV+) and 969 HIV-uninfected (HIV-) men ≥ age 40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000002039DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Reconstruction of infra orbital rim with rib cartilage.

Indian J Dent Res 2019 Jan-Feb;30(1):154-156

Department of OMFS, Noorul Islam College of Dental Sciences, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

Maxillo Mandibular injuries are most common through road traffic accident. The defects and deformities are usually prominent in case of facial injuries. The ultimate aim of recontouring and reconstruction of the facial defect is to achieve the maximum functional as well as esthetic part of the face. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_205_17DOI Listing

3 Cases of Inflicted Skull Crush Injuries in Infants.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Radiology, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

We describe 3 infants with skull fractures that involved more than 1 skull bone. On further evaluation, 2 of the 3 infants had additional fractures at other sites of the body and the third infant had concerning bruising of the face. Although an accidental mechanism of injury was initially given as the history in each case, law enforcement investigations led all 3 fathers to confess to crushing their infants' skulls out of frustration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001795DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Pediatric Medial Epicondyle Fractures Are We There Yet?

Bull Hosp Jt Dis (2013) 2019 Mar;77(1):70-74

Several controversies surround the evaluation and treatment of medial epicondyle fractures of the humerus in children. As is well established, the medial epicondyle is the point of attachment for the medial collateral ligament and flexor and pronator musculature, thereby conferring a potentially important role in elbow stability and wrist strength. Traditional x-ray evaluation has been shown to be inaccurate in measuring fracture displacement. Read More

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March 2019
2 Reads

Efficacy, pain, and overall patient satisfaction with pediatric upper arm fracture reduction in the emergency department.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2019 May 6;105(3):513-515. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hopital Pellegrin-Enfants, CHU Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.

Introduction: Immediate closed reduction and cast immobilization performed under sedation in the emergency room is the mainstay management for most isolated displaced or angulated upper limb fractures in children. We aimed to determine if this approach is safe, effective and if patients, parents and staff are satisfied with this approach.Our working hypothesis was this management provides a high satisfaction rate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otsr.2018.10.027DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Humeral shaft non-union in the elderly: Results with cortical graft plus stem cells.

Injury 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties and Dentistry, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.

Introduction: Humeral shaft is a common site of fracture non-union. Biology and bone quality represent some of the problems that the orthopaedic surgeon has to face up in the elderly. The goals of treatment of humeral shaft non-union are the achievement of mechanical stability and creation of a favourable biologic environment. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00201383193005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2019.01.050DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

No vascular calcification on cardiac computed tomography spanning asfotase alfa treatment for an elderly woman with hypophosphatasia.

Bone 2019 May 28;122:231-236. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. Electronic address:

Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is the inborn-error-of-metabolism characterized enzymatically by insufficient activity of the tissue-nonspecific isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) and caused by either mono- or bi-allelic loss-of-function mutation(s) of the gene ALPL that encodes this cell surface phosphomonoester phosphohydrolase. In HPP, the natural substrates of TNSALP accumulate extracellularly and include inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi), a potent inhibitor of biomineralization. This PPi excess leads to rickets or osteomalacia in all but the most mild "odonto" form of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2019.02.025DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Mandibular resorption and vocal cord paralysis: a catastrophic form of systemic sclerosis.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Feb 28;12(2). Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Unidade de Doenças Auto-imunes/Medicina 7.2, Hospital de Curry Cabral, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Lisboa, Portugal.

Sudden respiratory distress in association with severe weight loss are unusual features of systemic sclerosis (SSc). We report the case of a 56-year-old Caucasian woman with a 9-year history of a diffuse form of SSc who presented with acute stridor due to vocal cord paralysis and required an emergency tracheostomy. She had sought medical attention only after 4 years of disease onset, presenting with a mask-like face, diffuse skin thickening, acro-osteolysis and severe interstitial lung disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228262DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Acute Hyponasality (Closed Rhinolalia) and Craniomaxillofacial Fracture Suggest the Coexistence of Retropharyngeal Emphysema and Pneumomediastinum.

Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2019 Mar 26;12(1):70-74. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Clinic of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Evangelismos General Hospital of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Pneumomediastinum (PM) implies an abnormal condition where a collection of free air or gas is entrapped within the fascial planes of mediastinal cavity. It is considered as benign entity, but an uncommonly seen complication of craniofacial injuries. We report a case of a 63-year-old male patient with the presenting sign of closed rhinolalia who was diagnosed with retropharyngeal emphysema and PM due to a linear and nondisplaced fracture of midface. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1667017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6391258PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Facial Fracture Patterns Associated with Traumatic Optic Neuropathy.

Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2019 Mar 30;12(1):39-44. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Department of Plastic Surgery, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York.

Traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) is rare. The heterogeneity of injury patterns and patient condition on presentation makes diagnosis difficult. Fracture patterns associated with TON have never been evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1641172DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6391254PMC
March 2019
1 Read

[Expand prelacrimal recess-maxillary ainus approach for inferior orbital walls fracture treatment].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Feb;33(2):157-159

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Second Hospital, Shanxi Medical University.

To investigate the surgical technique and curative effect of transnasal endoscopic anterior lacrimal approach for the treatment of sacral wall fractures. Retrospective clinical analysis of 5 patients with inferior orbital walls fracture treated by expanding prelacrimal recess-maxillary ainus under nasal endoscope was studied, and the surgical method and its efficacy were annalyzed. After 1 year of follow-up,4 patients' diplopia symptom disappeared, and 1 patient's diplopia symptom was significantly relieved compared with preoperation, the range of eye movement was normal and enophthalmos were totally corrected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2019.02.015DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Feasibility of Transosseous Nonarticular Fixation of Lisfranc Injuries.

Foot Ankle Int 2019 Feb 25:1071100719830947. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

3 Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA.

Background:: The optimal techniques for Lisfranc open reduction and internal fixation techniques remain debated. The purpose of the current study was to describe the joints involved in Lisfranc fixation and to determine if nonarticular transosseous internal fixation would be possible.

Methods:: Twenty cadaver Lisfranc joints were dissected and the articular cartilage was quantified by calibrated digital imaging software. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1071100719830947DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Fracture status in middle-aged individuals with early CKD: cross-sectional analysis of the CARTaGENE survey.

Osteoporos Int 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

CHU de Québec Research Center, L'Hôtel-Dieu-de-Québec Hospital, Endocrinology and Nephrology Axis, Faculty and Department of Medicine, Université Laval, 10 McMahon, Quebec City, Quebec, G1R 2J6, Canada.

Whether early chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with fracture in middle-aged adults is unclear. In a cross-sectional analysis of the CARTaGENE survey, we observed that early CKD was not associated with increased fracture, did not modify the association between calcaneal QUS and fracture, but modified the association between clinical, pharmacological parameters and fracture.

Introduction: The association between advanced CKD and increased fracture risk is well described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-019-04902-1DOI Listing
February 2019

A minimally invasive technique to remove broken cemented stems and its reconstruction with cement-in-cement.

Hip Int 2019 Jan;29(1):NP1-NP5

1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Adult Reconstruction, Austral University Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Introduction:: Historically the removal of fractured stems was associated with complex revision and loss of bone stock. This study describes a minimally invasive procedure for extraction of the distal part of a broken cemented stem that does not compromise the bone stock and results with the cement-in-cement reconstruction technique.

Materials And Method:: 7 patients with an average age of 74 years who underwent total hip replacement (THR) revision for fracture of femoral stems were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120700018811621DOI Listing
January 2019

Imitating human soft tissue on basis of a dual-material 3D print using a support-filled metamaterial to provide bimanual haptic for a hand surgery training system.

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2019 Jan;9(1):30-42

Regensburg Medical Image Computing (ReMIC), Ostbayerische Technische Hochschule Regensburg (OTH Regensburg), Galgenbergstraße 32, 93053 Regensburg, Germany.

Background: Currently, it is common practice to use three-dimensional (3D) printers not only for rapid prototyping in the industry, but also in the medical area to create medical applications for training inexperienced surgeons. In a clinical training simulator for minimally invasive bone drilling to fix hand fractures with Kirschner-wires (K-wires), a 3D-printed hand phantom must not only be geometrically but also haptically correct. Due to a limited view during an operation, surgeons need to perfectly localize underlying risk structures only by feeling of specific bony protrusions of the human hand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/qims.2018.09.17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351818PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Permeability regain and aqueous phase migration during hydraulic fracturing shut-ins.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 12;9(1):1818. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

The 4th oil production plant in North China Oilfield, PetroChina, Langfang, 065007, China.

Hydraulic fracturing has become a key technology to economically extract oil and gas from unconventional reservoirs. During hydraulic fracturing, fluid loss and water invasion into formation can cause serious permeability reduction near fracture face. At the same time, field practice also showed that well shut-ins after hydraulic fracturing could significantly increase hydrocarbon outputs, whereas the inner mechanism still remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-38211-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372687PMC
February 2019
1 Read
5.078 Impact Factor

Mantle of forensics in child sexual abuse.

J Forensic Dent Sci 2018 May-Aug;10(2):71-74

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research, Faculty of Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Child sexual abuse (CSA) is defined as inappropriate adolescent or adult sexual behavior or contact with a child. Sexual abuse may be committed by any person including those under the age of 18 years when that person is either significantly older than the victim or is in a position of power or control over the child. Detecting CSA requires a high incidence of suspicion and familiarity with physical, behavioral, and verbal indications of abuse. Read More

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http://www.jfds.org/text.asp?2018/10/2/71/249642
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfo.jfds_17_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344789PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

Emergency Treatment of Blast, Shell Fragment and Bullet Injuries to the Central Midface Complex.

Authors:
Sabri T Shuker

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2019 Mar 29;18(1):124-130. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

1Formerly Head of Department of Maxillofacial Surgeon, Baghdad Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq.

Purpose: Current ballistics and high-energy explosion possess unnoticed, new and significant biophysics and pathophysiology wounding effects that are unique in comparison with civilian trauma. The primary blast wave effects of compressed air due to explosion lead to tattered and crushed eggshell injuries to the upper central midface (UCM). High-energy shell fragments of various shapes and sizes cause extensive destruction and are different from assault rifle's bullets that cause high energy transfer to the  creating a temporary cavitation. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12663-018-1107-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12663-018-1107-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6328821PMC
March 2019
14 Reads

[Family picnodisostosis, report of a case after 10 years of follow-up].

Acta Ortop Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;32(5):291-296

Servicio de Ortopedia. Centro Médico Instituto de Seguridad Social del Estado de México y Municipios (ISSEMyM) Ecatepec. Estado de México. México.

Introduction: Pycnodysostosis is a rare disease secondary to a mutation in gen 1q21 that codifies the cathepsin K, proteolitic enzyme implicated in the metabolism of osteonectin, osteopontin and type I colagen. Its global incidence is around 1-1.7 cases per million, without genre prevalences, it is clinically caracterized by short stature, craneal deformities, «birds face» and bone fragility with pathological fractures tendency predominantly affecting long bones and occasionally vertebral pedicles. Read More

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February 2019
5 Reads

Uremic lion face syndrome.

J Bras Nefrol 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte EPE, Serviço de Nefrologia e Transplantação Renal, Lisboa, Portugal.

Mineral bone disorder is a common feature of chronic kidney disease. Lion face syndrome is rare complication of severe hyperparathyroidism in end-stage renal disease patients, which has been less commonly reported due to dialysis and medical treatment advances in the last decade. The early recognition of the characteristic facial deformity is crucial to prompt management and prevent severe disfigurement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2175-8239-JBN-2018-0198DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Radiologic Findings in Intimate Partner Violence.

Radiology 2019 Apr 5;291(1):62-69. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

From the Departments of Radiology (E.G., C.H.P., N.S., B.K.) and Emergency Medicine (A.L., H.M.S.), Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115; and Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Mass (B.R.).

Purpose To assess the radiologic findings associated with intimate partner violence (IPV). Materials and Methods Electronic medical records of 185 patients referred to the IPV support program from the emergency department (ED) between January 2015 and October 2016 were retrospectively reviewed and compared with an age- and sex-matched control group of 555 subjects (1:3 ratio of IPV victims to control subjects) who presented to the ED. Reports of all imaging studies performed within 5 years prior to the index ED visit were reviewed. Read More

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http://pubs.rsna.org/doi/10.1148/radiol.2019180801
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2019180801DOI Listing
April 2019
15 Reads
6.867 Impact Factor

A Case of Nonconsecutive Multiple-level Lumbar Spondylolysis Successfully Treated with Single-level Repair of the Pars Interarticularis.

NMC Case Rep J 2019 Jan 18;6(1):29-34. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kagawa Rosai Hospital, Marugame, Kagawa, Japan.

Lumbar spondylolysis is commonly recognized at a single-level of the lumbar spine and frequently affects the L5 pars interarticularis unilaterally or bilaterally. Some reports have described multiple-level spondylolysis, most cases of which occur at consecutive lumbar segments. We herein present a rare case of lumbar spondylolysis involving nonconsecutive multiple-level segments; only eight such cases have been reported previously. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/nmccrj/6/1/6_cr.2018-01
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2176/nmccrj.cr.2018-0147DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350032PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Conceptual Framework for an Episode of Rehabilitative Care After Surgical Repair of Hip Fracture.

Phys Ther 2019 Mar;99(3):276-285

Department of Population Health Sciences, School of Population Health and Environmental Sciences, King's College London.

Researchers face a challenge when evaluating the effectiveness of rehabilitation after a surgical procedure for hip fracture. Reported outcomes of rehabilitation will vary depending on the end point of the episode of care. Evaluation at an inappropriate end point might suggest a lack of effectiveness leading to the underuse of rehabilitation that could improve outcomes. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ptj/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ptj
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ptj/pzy145DOI Listing
March 2019
18 Reads

Fractured Tooth Stabilized with Auto Body Repair Resin on a 1970 Royal Navy Polaris Submarine Patrol.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2019 Feb;90(2):135-138

In February 1970, halfway through a Polaris submarine war patrol in SSBN-02 HMS (port crew), a Petty Officer presented to the sick bay in excruciating pain with a broken upper left molar tooth. The zinc oxide/clove oil mixture would not stick on to the vertical face of the fracture. In preparation for such events, Royal Navy (RN) submarine medical officers are taught excellent fundamental dental skills. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5208.2019DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Exploring the impact of Osteogenesis Imperfecta on families: A mixed-methods systematic review.

Disabil Health J 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

North East Thames Regional Genetics Service, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; Genetics and Genomic Medicine, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.

Background: Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a rare genetic condition whose key characteristic is increased bone fragility. OI has the potential to impact upon all family members, making it important to consider the challenges families face, how they cope and their support needs as the affected individual moves from childhood through to adult life.

Objective: To conduct a mixed-methods systematic review investigating the experiences of families when a family member is affected with OI. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S19366574183025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2018.12.003DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

D-hole breakage of 2 angular stable locking plates for medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy: Analysis of results from 12 cases.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(2):e14138

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Veterans Health Service Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

An adequate stable fixation implant should be used for medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) to promote rapid bone healing without complications. To date, the highest fixation stability has been observed for angular stable locking plates. However, there is still little medical literature regarding breakage of these plates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014138DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336634PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

A Novel Method for Fracture Blister Management Using Circumferential Negative Pressure Wound Therapy with Instillation and Dwell.

Cureus 2018 Oct 29;10(10):e3509. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Orthopedic Surgery, Queen's Medical Center, Honolulu, USA.

High- and low-energy fractures can result in nearby skin blistering. These so-called "fracture blisters" can be troublesome in the face of surgery and currently no uniform consensus regarding their management exists. Preoperatively, we used circumferential negative pressure wound therapy with sterile saline instillation (NPWT-id) to treat two patients with closed fractures who had developed significant skin blistering. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3509DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6314796PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Trend analysis of nasal bone fracture.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 27;19(4):270-274. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

Background: Nasal bone fractures occur frequently because the nasal bone is located at the forefront of the face. The goal of this study was to examine the cause, change in severity, change in incidence, and demographics of nasal bone fracture according to today's lifestyle.

Methods: A total of 2,092 patients diagnosed as having nasal bone fractures at our department between 2002 and 2017 were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2018.02264DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325328PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Oro-dental and cranio-facial characteristics of osteogenesis imperfecta type V.

Eur J Med Genet 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type V is an ultrarare heritable bone disorder caused by the heterozygous c.-14C > T mutation in IFITM5. The oro-dental and craniofacial phenotype has not been described in detail, which we therefore undertook to evaluate in a multicenter study (Brittle Bone Disease Consortium). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmg.2018.12.011DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Development of a Core Outcome Set for studies evaluating the effects of anaesthesia on perioperative morbidity and mortality following hip fracture surgery.

Br J Anaesth 2019 Jan 3;122(1):120-130. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast, UK.

Background: Perioperative studies of patients following hip fracture have large heterogeneity within their reported outcomes. This study aimed to develop a core outcome set for use in perioperative studies comparing the types of anaesthesia for hip fracture surgery.

Methods: The consensus process consisted of a systematic review of the literature, three rounds of a Delphi survey, two consensus webinars, and face-to-face patient meetings. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00070912183068
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bja.2018.08.017DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Nasal blowing induces subcutaneous emphysema post penetrating mastoid tip trauma.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 13;117:48-50. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Israel.

We describe the case of a child with an isolated penetrating trauma to the mastoid tip. Nasal blowing consequently induced air bubbles coming through the mastoid cutaneous fistula and causing extensive subcutaneous neck emphysema. A computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a right mastoid tip bone fracture with extensive cervical subcutaneous emphysema. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.11.014DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Dog-Bite-Related Craniofacial Fractures among Pediatric Patients: A Case Series and Review of Literature.

Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2018 Dec 21;11(4):249-255. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, Pennsylvania.

Dog bites in the pediatric population commonly cause injuries to the head and can be associated with fractures, often leading to prolonged hospital stays, multiple surgical interventions, and long-term complications. Our goal was to evaluate our experience with dog-bite-related craniofacial fractures, understand frequency and demographics of these fractures, identify common fracture patterns, and provide recommendations based on management and complications encountered. The institution's electronic medical record was reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0037-1604073DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6224280PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

All-terrain vehicle use related fracture rates, patterns, and associations from 2002 to 2015 in the USA.

Injury 2019 Feb 11;50(2):324-331. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Indiana University, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, United States.

Background: Since their introduction to USA markets in the late 20 century, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) have been a significant source of trauma. Many paediatric studies have demonstrated the disproportionate rate in which minors are affected by ATV-related trauma, but no studies have been performed on a large sample size spanning all age and geographic ranges. This study is the first to analyze ATV-related fracture rates, patterns, and associated risks across all ages nationwide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.12.005DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Epidemiology of facial fractures among older adults: A retrospective analysis of a nationwide emergency department database.

Dent Traumatol 2019 Apr 20;35(2):109-114. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

Department of Orthodontics, The University of Illinois in Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Background/aims: The prevalence of facial fractures among older adults has increased in recent years, and nationwide studies about the epidemiological profile and outcomes of hospital-based ED visits for facial fractures among older adults are scarce. The aim of this study was to provide USA-wide data of hospital-based Emergency Department (ED) visits for facial fractures among older adults, and to investigate the outcomes associated with these visits.

Material And Methods: The Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) for the years 2008-2014 was used for the present study. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/edt.12459
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/edt.12459DOI Listing
April 2019
20 Reads

Surface Energy Driven Liquid-Drop-Like Pseudoelastic Behaviors and In Situ Atomistic Mechanisms of Small-Sized Face-Centered-Cubic Metals.

Nano Lett 2019 Jan 19;19(1):292-298. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Institute of Microstructure and Properties of Advanced Materials , Beijing University of Technology , Beijing 100124 , China.

The elastic strain of conventional metals is usually below ∼1%. As the metals' sizes decrease to approximate a few nanometers, their elastic strains can approach ∼8%, and they usually exhibit pseudoelastic strain that can be as large as ∼35%. Previous studies suggested that the pseudoelastic behaviors of nanocrystals were attributed to distinctive mechanisms, including the release of stored elastic energies, the temperature-enhanced surface diffusion, etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b03916DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
13.592 Impact Factor

Prevalence and Costs of Complementary and Alternative Medicine among Traumatic Patients in Iran: A Nationwide Population-based Study.

Iran J Public Health 2018 Oct;47(10):1558-1566

Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: This study was aimed to determine the prevalence, predictors and cost of CAM practitioner use among traumatic patients in Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional household survey of a nationally representative sample of Iranians 15 to 64 yr old was conducted in 2011, using a three-stage cluster sampling. Short Form Injury Questionnaire 7 (SFIQ7) was utilized through face-to-face interviews and data on demographics, history of injuries, mechanism, site and type of injury, type and place of the treatment were attained. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277723PMC
October 2018
1 Read

A non-canonical JAGGED1 signal to JAK2 mediates osteoblast commitment in cranial neural crest cells.

Cell Signal 2019 Feb 8;54:130-138. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Otolaryngology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address:

During craniofacial development, cranial neural crest (CNC) cells migrate into the developing face and form bone through intramembranous ossification. Loss of JAGGED1 (JAG1) signaling in the CNC cells is associated with maxillary hypoplasia or maxillary bone deficiency (MBD) in mice and recapitulates the MBD seen in humans with Alagille syndrome. JAGGED1, a membrane-bound NOTCH ligand, is required for normal craniofacial development, and Jagged1 mutations in humans are known to cause Alagille Syndrome, which is associated with cardiac, biliary, and bone phenotypes and these children experience increased bony fractures. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08986568183030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cellsig.2018.12.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6420215PMC
February 2019
11 Reads

Associated Injuries Are Frequent and Severe Among Geriatric Patients With Zygomatico-Orbital Fractures.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Mar 5;77(3):565-570. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Purpose: Associated injuries (AIs) are hypothesized to be frequent in geriatric zygomatico-orbital (ZMO) fractures. The study aim was to determine the relation between ZMO fractures and AIs in geriatric patients compared with younger adult patients.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective case-and-control study was carried out on geriatric patients at least 65 years of age (n = 93) and younger adult patients 20 to 30 years of age (n = 68) diagnosed with pure unilateral ZMO fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2018.10.020DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The Advantages of Type III Scaphoid Nonunion Advanced Collapse (SNAC) Treatment With Partial Carpal Arthrodesis in the Dominant Hand: Results of 5-year Follow-up.

Med Arch 2018 Oct;72(4):253-256

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Vito Fazzi Hospital, Lecce, Italy.

Introduction: The SNAC wrist (Scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse) is one of the complications following scaphoid fractures treated conservatively and one of the causes of wrist arthritis that the hand surgeon has to face most frequently. In these cases surgical management is usually warranted.

Materials And Methods: In the set time frame of 6 years we treated 15 SNAC wrist cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/medarh.2018.72.253-256DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6194931PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Technique Tip: Platysma-flap Approach to the Clavicle.

Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg 2019 Mar;23(1):31-32

Valais Hospital, Martigny.

The surgical treatment of a displaced fracture of the clavicular shaft generally consists in an open reduction and plate fixation. The most common complications of the classic direct "transplatysma" approach are hardware related. These consist of simple hardware irritations requiring secondary plate removal but also feared wound healing problems ranging from dehiscence to superficial and deep wound infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BTH.0000000000000219DOI Listing
March 2019
15 Reads

Fracture Risk in Women with Dysglycaemia: Assessing Effects of Baseline and Time-Varying Risk Factors.

Calcif Tissue Int 2019 Mar 27;104(3):262-272. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, 3220, Australia.

Although individuals with diabetes appear to have a higher fracture risk compared to those without diabetes, fracture risk in impaired fasting glucose (IFG) has not been thoroughly explored. This study determined associations between glycaemia status and fracture risk. Women (n = 575, aged 50 + years) enrolled in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study, were followed from baseline (1993-1997), to date of first fracture, death or December 31, 2010, whichever occurred first (median 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00223-018-0498-xDOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Self-esteem following maxillofacial and orthopedic injuries: preliminary observations in sub-Saharan Africans.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Mar 23;23(1):71-76. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Obafemi Awolowo University/Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

Background: The face is a vital component of one's personality and body image while extremities are important in function (mobility, routine daily activities). Recovery and rehabilitation from acquired maxillofacial and orthopedic traumas are psychological in nature.

Methods: This was a prospective study of recruited subjects in a Nigerian University teaching hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10006-018-0735-5DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read