4,447 results match your criteria Fracture Face


Permeability regain and aqueous phase migration during hydraulic fracturing shut-ins.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 12;9(1):1818. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

The 4th oil production plant in North China Oilfield, PetroChina, Langfang, 065007, China.

Hydraulic fracturing has become a key technology to economically extract oil and gas from unconventional reservoirs. During hydraulic fracturing, fluid loss and water invasion into formation can cause serious permeability reduction near fracture face. At the same time, field practice also showed that well shut-ins after hydraulic fracturing could significantly increase hydrocarbon outputs, whereas the inner mechanism still remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-38211-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Mantle of forensics in child sexual abuse.

J Forensic Dent Sci 2018 May-Aug;10(2):71-74

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research, Faculty of Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Child sexual abuse (CSA) is defined as inappropriate adolescent or adult sexual behavior or contact with a child. Sexual abuse may be committed by any person including those under the age of 18 years when that person is either significantly older than the victim or is in a position of power or control over the child. Detecting CSA requires a high incidence of suspicion and familiarity with physical, behavioral, and verbal indications of abuse. Read More

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http://www.jfds.org/text.asp?2018/10/2/71/249642
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfo.jfds_17_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344789PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Emergency Treatment of Blast, Shell Fragment and Bullet Injuries to the Central Midface Complex.

Authors:
Sabri T Shuker

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2019 Mar 29;18(1):124-130. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

1Formerly Head of Department of Maxillofacial Surgeon, Baghdad Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq.

Purpose: Current ballistics and high-energy explosion possess unnoticed, new and significant biophysics and pathophysiology wounding effects that are unique in comparison with civilian trauma. The primary blast wave effects of compressed air due to explosion lead to tattered and crushed eggshell injuries to the upper central midface (UCM). High-energy shell fragments of various shapes and sizes cause extensive destruction and are different from assault rifle's bullets that cause high energy transfer to the  creating a temporary cavitation. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12663-018-1107-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12663-018-1107-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6328821PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

[Family picnodisostosis, report of a case after 10 years of follow-up].

Acta Ortop Mex 2018 Sep-Oct;32(5):291-296

Servicio de Ortopedia. Centro Médico Instituto de Seguridad Social del Estado de México y Municipios (ISSEMyM) Ecatepec. Estado de México. México.

Introduction: Pycnodysostosis is a rare disease secondary to a mutation in gen 1q21 that codifies the cathepsin K, proteolitic enzyme implicated in the metabolism of osteonectin, osteopontin and type I colagen. Its global incidence is around 1-1.7 cases per million, without genre prevalences, it is clinically caracterized by short stature, craneal deformities, «birds face» and bone fragility with pathological fractures tendency predominantly affecting long bones and occasionally vertebral pedicles. Read More

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February 2019
1 Read

Uremic lion face syndrome.

J Bras Nefrol 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte EPE, Serviço de Nefrologia e Transplantação Renal, Lisboa, Portugal.

Mineral bone disorder is a common feature of chronic kidney disease. Lion face syndrome is rare complication of severe hyperparathyroidism in end-stage renal disease patients, which has been less commonly reported due to dialysis and medical treatment advances in the last decade. The early recognition of the characteristic facial deformity is crucial to prompt management and prevent severe disfigurement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2175-8239-JBN-2018-0198DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Radiologic Findings in Intimate Partner Violence.

Radiology 2019 Feb 5:180801. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

From the Departments of Radiology (E.G., C.H.P., N.S., B.K.) and Emergency Medicine (A.L., H.M.S.), Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115; and Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Mass (B.R.).

Purpose To assess the radiologic findings associated with intimate partner violence (IPV). Materials and Methods Electronic medical records of 185 patients referred to the IPV support program from the emergency department (ED) between January 2015 and October 2016 were retrospectively reviewed and compared with an age- and sex-matched control group of 555 subjects (1:3 ratio of IPV victims to control subjects) who presented to the ED. Reports of all imaging studies performed within 5 years prior to the index ED visit were reviewed. Read More

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http://pubs.rsna.org/doi/10.1148/radiol.2019180801
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2019180801DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads
6.867 Impact Factor

A Case of Nonconsecutive Multiple-level Lumbar Spondylolysis Successfully Treated with Single-level Repair of the Pars Interarticularis.

NMC Case Rep J 2019 Jan 18;6(1):29-34. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kagawa Rosai Hospital, Marugame, Kagawa, Japan.

Lumbar spondylolysis is commonly recognized at a single-level of the lumbar spine and frequently affects the L5 pars interarticularis unilaterally or bilaterally. Some reports have described multiple-level spondylolysis, most cases of which occur at consecutive lumbar segments. We herein present a rare case of lumbar spondylolysis involving nonconsecutive multiple-level segments; only eight such cases have been reported previously. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/nmccrj/6/1/6_cr.2018-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2176/nmccrj.cr.2018-0147DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350032PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Conceptual Framework for an Episode of Rehabilitative Care After Hip Fracture Surgery.

Phys Ther 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Population Health Sciences, School of Population Health and Environmental Sciences, King's College London.

Researchers face a challenge when evaluating the effectiveness of rehabilitation after hip fracture surgery. Reported outcomes of rehabilitation will vary depending on the endpoint of the episode of care. Evaluation at an inappropriate endpoint may suggest a lack of effectiveness leading to the underuse of rehabilitation that could improve outcomes. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ptj/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ptj
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ptj/pzy145DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Fractured Tooth Stabilized with Auto Body Repair Resin on a 1970 Royal Navy Polaris Submarine Patrol.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2019 Feb;90(2):135-138

In February 1970, halfway through a Polaris submarine war patrol in SSBN-02 HMS (port crew), a Petty Officer presented to the sick bay in excruciating pain with a broken upper left molar tooth. The zinc oxide/clove oil mixture would not stick on to the vertical face of the fracture. In preparation for such events, Royal Navy (RN) submarine medical officers are taught excellent fundamental dental skills. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5208.2019DOI Listing
February 2019

Exploring the impact of Osteogenesis Imperfecta on families: A mixed-methods systematic review.

Disabil Health J 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

North East Thames Regional Genetics Service, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; Genetics and Genomic Medicine, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.

Background: Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a rare genetic condition whose key characteristic is increased bone fragility. OI has the potential to impact upon all family members, making it important to consider the challenges families face, how they cope and their support needs as the affected individual moves from childhood through to adult life.

Objective: To conduct a mixed-methods systematic review investigating the experiences of families when a family member is affected with OI. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S19366574183025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2018.12.003DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

D-hole breakage of 2 angular stable locking plates for medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy: Analysis of results from 12 cases.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(2):e14138

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Veterans Health Service Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

An adequate stable fixation implant should be used for medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) to promote rapid bone healing without complications. To date, the highest fixation stability has been observed for angular stable locking plates. However, there is still little medical literature regarding breakage of these plates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014138DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336634PMC
January 2019
1 Read

A Novel Method for Fracture Blister Management Using Circumferential Negative Pressure Wound Therapy with Instillation and Dwell.

Cureus 2018 Oct 29;10(10):e3509. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Orthopedic Surgery, Queen's Medical Center, Honolulu, USA.

High- and low-energy fractures can result in nearby skin blistering. These so-called "fracture blisters" can be troublesome in the face of surgery and currently no uniform consensus regarding their management exists. Preoperatively, we used circumferential negative pressure wound therapy with sterile saline instillation (NPWT-id) to treat two patients with closed fractures who had developed significant skin blistering. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3509DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6314796PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Trend analysis of nasal bone fracture.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 27;19(4):270-274. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

Background: Nasal bone fractures occur frequently because the nasal bone is located at the forefront of the face. The goal of this study was to examine the cause, change in severity, change in incidence, and demographics of nasal bone fracture according to today's lifestyle.

Methods: A total of 2,092 patients diagnosed as having nasal bone fractures at our department between 2002 and 2017 were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2018.02264DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325328PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Oro-dental and cranio-facial characteristics of osteogenesis imperfecta type V.

Eur J Med Genet 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type V is an ultrarare heritable bone disorder caused by the heterozygous c.-14C > T mutation in IFITM5. The oro-dental and craniofacial phenotype has not been described in detail, which we therefore undertook to evaluate in a multicenter study (Brittle Bone Disease Consortium). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmg.2018.12.011DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Development of a Core Outcome Set for studies evaluating the effects of anaesthesia on perioperative morbidity and mortality following hip fracture surgery.

Br J Anaesth 2019 Jan 3;122(1):120-130. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast, UK.

Background: Perioperative studies of patients following hip fracture have large heterogeneity within their reported outcomes. This study aimed to develop a core outcome set for use in perioperative studies comparing the types of anaesthesia for hip fracture surgery.

Methods: The consensus process consisted of a systematic review of the literature, three rounds of a Delphi survey, two consensus webinars, and face-to-face patient meetings. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00070912183068
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bja.2018.08.017DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Dog-Bite-Related Craniofacial Fractures among Pediatric Patients: A Case Series and Review of Literature.

Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2018 Dec 21;11(4):249-255. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, Pennsylvania.

Dog bites in the pediatric population commonly cause injuries to the head and can be associated with fractures, often leading to prolonged hospital stays, multiple surgical interventions, and long-term complications. Our goal was to evaluate our experience with dog-bite-related craniofacial fractures, understand frequency and demographics of these fractures, identify common fracture patterns, and provide recommendations based on management and complications encountered. The institution's electronic medical record was reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0037-1604073DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6224280PMC
December 2018
1 Read

All-terrain vehicle use related fracture rates, patterns, and associations from 2002 to 2015 in the USA.

Injury 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Indiana University, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, United States.

Background: Since their introduction to USA markets in the late 20 century, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) have been a significant source of trauma. Many paediatric studies have demonstrated the disproportionate rate in which minors are affected by ATV-related trauma, but no studies have been performed on a large sample size spanning all age and geographic ranges. This study is the first to analyze ATV-related fracture rates, patterns, and associated risks across all ages nationwide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.12.005DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Epidemiology of facial fractures among older adults: A retrospective analysis of a nationwide emergency department database.

Dent Traumatol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Orthodontics, The University of Illinois in Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Background/aims: The prevalence of facial fractures among older adults has increased in recent years, and nationwide studies about the epidemiological profile and outcomes of hospital-based ED visits for facial fractures among older adults are scarce. The aim of this study was to provide USA-wide data of hospital-based Emergency Department (ED) visits for facial fractures among older adults, and to investigate the outcomes associated with these visits.

Material And Methods: The Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) for the years 2008-2014 was used for the present study. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/edt.12459
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/edt.12459DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Surface Energy Driven Liquid-Drop-Like Pseudoelastic Behaviors and In Situ Atomistic Mechanisms of Small-Sized Face-Centered-Cubic Metals.

Nano Lett 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

The elastic strain of conventional metals is usually below ~1%. As the metals size decrease to approximate a few nanometers, their elastic strains can approach ~8%, and usually exhibit pseudoelastic strain that can be as large as ~35%. Previous studies suggested that the pseudoelastic behaviors of nanocrystals were attributed to distinctive mechanisms, including the release of stored elastic energies and the temperature-enhanced surface diffusion etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b03916DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read
13.592 Impact Factor

Prevalence and Costs of Complementary and Alternative Medicine among Traumatic Patients in Iran: A Nationwide Population-based Study.

Iran J Public Health 2018 Oct;47(10):1558-1566

Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: This study was aimed to determine the prevalence, predictors and cost of CAM practitioner use among traumatic patients in Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional household survey of a nationally representative sample of Iranians 15 to 64 yr old was conducted in 2011, using a three-stage cluster sampling. Short Form Injury Questionnaire 7 (SFIQ7) was utilized through face-to-face interviews and data on demographics, history of injuries, mechanism, site and type of injury, type and place of the treatment were attained. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277723PMC
October 2018
1 Read

A non-canonical JAGGED1 signal to JAK2 mediates osteoblast commitment in cranial neural crest cells.

Cell Signal 2019 Feb 8;54:130-138. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Otolaryngology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address:

During craniofacial development, cranial neural crest (CNC) cells migrate into the developing face and form bone through intramembranous ossification. Loss of JAGGED1 (JAG1) signaling in the CNC cells is associated with maxillary hypoplasia or maxillary bone deficiency (MBD) in mice and recapitulates the MBD seen in humans with Alagille syndrome. JAGGED1, a membrane-bound NOTCH ligand, is required for normal craniofacial development, and Jagged1 mutations in humans are known to cause Alagille Syndrome, which is associated with cardiac, biliary, and bone phenotypes and these children experience increased bony fractures. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08986568183030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cellsig.2018.12.002DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Associated Injuries Are Frequent and Severe Among Geriatric Patients With Zygomatico-Orbital Fractures.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Purpose: Associated injuries (AIs) are hypothesized to be frequent in geriatric zygomatico-orbital (ZMO) fractures. The study aim was to determine the relation between ZMO fractures and AIs in geriatric patients compared with younger adult patients.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective case-and-control study was carried out on geriatric patients at least 65 years of age (n = 93) and younger adult patients 20 to 30 years of age (n = 68) diagnosed with pure unilateral ZMO fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2018.10.020DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Fracture Risk in Women with Dysglycaemia: Assessing Effects of Baseline and Time-Varying Risk Factors.

Calcif Tissue Int 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, 3220, Australia.

Although individuals with diabetes appear to have a higher fracture risk compared to those without diabetes, fracture risk in impaired fasting glucose (IFG) has not been thoroughly explored. This study determined associations between glycaemia status and fracture risk. Women (n = 575, aged 50 + years) enrolled in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study, were followed from baseline (1993-1997), to date of first fracture, death or December 31, 2010, whichever occurred first (median 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00223-018-0498-xDOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Self-esteem following maxillofacial and orthopedic injuries: preliminary observations in sub-Saharan Africans.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Obafemi Awolowo University/Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

Background: The face is a vital component of one's personality and body image while extremities are important in function (mobility, routine daily activities). Recovery and rehabilitation from acquired maxillofacial and orthopedic traumas are psychological in nature.

Methods: This was a prospective study of recruited subjects in a Nigerian University teaching hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10006-018-0735-5DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Concerns for Older Adult Patients with Acute Hip Fracture.

Yonsei Med J 2018 Dec;59(10):1240-1244

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify concerns among older adult patients with acute hip fracture.

Materials And Methods: This study was performed with 152 consecutive patients with hip fracture. Details were obtained on perioperative concerns about hip fracture using a questionnaire that was specifically designed for this study and was administered face to face upon admission. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3349/ymj.2018.59
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2018.59.10.1240DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240565PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Recommendations for the conduct of economic evaluations in osteoporosis: outcomes of an experts' consensus meeting organized by the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO) and the US branch of the International Osteoporosis Foundation.

Osteoporos Int 2019 Jan 31;30(1):45-57. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, UCLA School of Medicine and the OMC Clinical Research Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Economic evaluations are increasingly used to assess the value of health interventions, but variable quality and heterogeneity limit the use of these evaluations by decision-makers. These recommendations provide guidance for the design, conduct, and reporting of economic evaluations in osteoporosis to improve their transparency, comparability, and methodologic standards.

Introduction: This paper aims to provide recommendations for the conduct of economic evaluations in osteoporosis in order to improve their transparency, comparability, and methodologic standards. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-018-4744-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6331734PMC
January 2019

Pathology diagnosis of an atypical thyroid cartilage lesion.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2019 Feb 19;36:47-49. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

CHU Poitiers, Département de médecine légale, IML/UMJ, Poitiers, France; Univ Poitiers, Faculté de médecine et de pharmacie, Poitiers, France.

In forensic practice, laryngeal lesions are of particular interest for the pathologist, as they may sign foul play. We report the case of a decedent, whose body was found in an advanced state of putrefaction, at the bottom of a ledge, after a one-month disappearance. The face and neck were skeletised. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.legalmed.2018.10.003DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

To kill or be killed: the for a warrior after multiple sword wounds.

Anthropol Anz 2018 Dec;75(4):311-323

Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Federico II, Via Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.

Finding traumatic lesions on ancient skeletal remains offers a unique opportunity to investigate the circumstances surrounding the time of death. Here we present the unique find of a late 17, early 18 century young male from Southern Italy with eight traumatic skull lesions. A detailed anthropological examination using X-ray and 3D CT scanning techniques was conducted in order to evaluate traumatic extent, direction and degree of severity of each skull injury. Read More

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http://www.schweizerbart.de/papers/anthranz/detail/prepub/90
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/anthranz/2018/0862DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Do Infield Softball Masks Effectively Reduce Facial Fracture Risk?

Ann Biomed Eng 2019 Feb 25;47(2):453-463. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA.

Infield softball masks are intended to reduce facial fracture risk, but are rarely worn. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of infield masks' ability to attenuate facial fracture risk over a range of designs and materials. To simulate batted ball impacts, a customized pitching machine was used to propel softballs at 24. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10439-018-02144-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10439-018-02144-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6342899PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

Scaling of claw sharpness: mechanical constraints reduce attachment performance in larger insects.

J Exp Biol 2018 Dec 12;221(Pt 24). Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK

Claws are the most widespread attachment devices in animals, but comparatively little is known about the mechanics of claw attachment. A key morphological parameter in determining attachment ability is claw sharpness; however, there is a conflict between sharpness and fracture resistance. Sharper claws can interlock on more surfaces but are more likely to break. Read More

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http://jeb.biologists.org/lookup/doi/10.1242/jeb.188391
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.188391DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Application of three-dimensional printing technology in orbital floor fracture reconstruction.

Trauma Case Rep 2018 Oct 24;17:23-28. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Importance: Orbital floor fracture is common among patients suffering from facial trauma. Open reduction and reconstruction of the orbital floor with Medpor is the treatment of choice in our centre to correct diplopia and enophthalmos.

Objective: Application of locally available 3D printing service in perioperative planning of orbital floor reconstruction with porous polyethylene. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S23526440183002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcr.2018.09.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178145PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Rapidly growing pediatric trampoline-related injuries in Korea: a 10-year single center retrospective study.

Korean J Pediatr 2018 Oct 4. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Surgery, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Korea.

Purpose: Several published policy statements have warned for risk of trampoline and have recommended safety guideline. However, few studies have focused on trampoline-related injuries in Korea. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and characteristics of pediatric trampoline-related injuries presenting to our hospital. Read More

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http://kjp.or.kr/journal/view.php?doi=10.3345/kjp.2018.06814
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2018.06814DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Anesthesia in children with osteogenesis imperfecta: Retrospective chart review of 83 patients and 205 anesthetics over 7 years.

Paediatr Anaesth 2018 11 8;28(11):1050-1058. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shriners Hospitals for Children, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Osteogenesis imperfecta is the collective term for a heterogeneous group of connective tissue syndromes characterized by bone fragility with multisystem involvement and perioperative implications.

Aims: Literature review of anesthetic management of patients with osteogenesis imperfecta revealed a paucity of data on the incidence of perioperative challenges. We sought to determine the rates of these challenges in our study cohort. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/pan.13504
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pan.13504DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Epidemiology of Injuries Requiring Emergency Transport Among Collegiate and High School Student-Athletes.

J Athl Train 2018 Sep 4;53(9):906-914. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Context: : Data regarding the epidemiology of emergency-transport incidents (ETIs) of patients with sport-related injuries are lacking. Understanding the use of emergency services by athletic trainers can help improve emergency preparedness and prehospital care for injured student-athletes.

Objective: : To determine the frequencies and types of ETIs resulting from athletic participation. Read More

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http://natajournals.org/doi/10.4085/1062-6050-340-17
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-340-17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208301PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Sclerostin Antibody Treatment Stimulates Bone Formation to Normalize Bone Mass in Male Down Syndrome Mice.

JBMR Plus 2018 Jan 29;2(1):47-54. Epub 2017 Dec 29.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Center for Orthopaedic Research University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Little Rock AR USA.

Down syndrome (DS), characterized by trisomy of human chromosome 21, is associated with a variety of endocrine disorders as well as profound skeletal abnormalities. The low bone mass phenotype in DS is defined by low bone turnover due to decreased osteoclast and osteoblast activity, decreasing the utility of antiresorptive agents in people with DS. Sclerostin antibody (SclAb) is a therapeutic candidate currently being evaluated as a bone anabolic agent. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jbm4.10025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbm4.10025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6124205PMC
January 2018
3 Reads

Patterns of brain injuries associated with maxillofacial fractures and its fate in emergency Egyptian polytrauma patients.

Chin J Traumatol 2018 Oct 8;21(5):287-292. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.

Purpose: Maxillofacial injuries are commonly encountered in the practice of emergency medicine. More than 50% of patients with these injuries have multisystem trauma that requires coordinated management between emergency physicians and surgical specialists in oral and maxillofacial surgery, otolaryngology, plastic surgery, ophthalmology, and trauma surgery. The aim of this study is to identify the patterns of brain injuries associated with maxillofacial trauma and its outcome. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10081275173026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjtee.2017.12.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235787PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Comparison between low-dose chemotherapy and surgery for the treatment of extremity-associated solitary bone lesions in children with Langerhans cell histiocytosis in South China: A case-control study.

J Bone Oncol 2018 Sep 15;12:1-6. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Musculoskeletal Oncology Center, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Background: The treatment algorithm for solitary bone lesions of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (SBL-LCH) in children extremities still remains controversial. We conducted a retrospective case-control study to compare the feasibility of low-dose chemotherapy (LDC) and surgery for SBL-LCH in children extremities.

Patients And Methods: This study compares 43 pediatric patients starting LDC with a surgery control group (n = 44), matched for gender, age, follow-up time, and lesion sites and sizes, treated between 2001 and 2015 at our institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbo.2018.02.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6142371PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

Correlation Between the Existing Classifications of Nasal Bone Fractures and Subjective Patient Satisfaction.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1825-1828

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University, College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Since the nose is at the center of the face, small changes to it can cause a big overall change. Therefore, a nasal fracture needs to be operated on when deformity is expected. Although many taxonomies have been developed for nasal bone fractures, no study has aimed to predict individual patient satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005043DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Upper Eyelid Approach for the Reconstruction of Isolated Fractures of the Anterior Wall of the Frontal Sinus.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1903-1905

Loma Linda University, Loma Linda.

The management of frontal sinus fractures can vary widely depending on involvement of the anterior wall, the posterior wall, and the frontonasal duct. The main morbidity associated with isolated anterior wall fractures is an aesthetic deformity. Treatment includes coronal, endoscopic, and transcutaneous approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005004DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Electronic referrals for virtual fracture clinic service using the National Integrated Medical Imaging System (NIMIS).

Ir J Med Sci 2018 Sep 18. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Tullamore Regional Hospital, Tullamore, Ireland.

Introduction: Virtual fracture clinics (VFC) are now prevalent across many orthopaedic services in the UK and Ireland. The management of a variety of musculoskeletal injuries using the VFC model has been demonstrated to be safe, cost-effective and associated with high levels of patient satisfaction. Referrals were made available through the National Integrated Medical Imaging System (NIMIS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11845-018-1901-3DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Bridging the gap: A user-driven study on new ways to support self-care and empowerment for patients with hip fracture.

SAGE Open Med 2018 7;6:2050312118799121. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Centre for Innovative Medical Technology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.

Objectives: In future healthcare systems, individuals are expected to be more involved in managing their health and preventing illness. A previous study of patient empowerment on a hip fracture pathway uncovered a gap between what the healthcare system provided and patients' needs and wishes. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a user-driven approach and a participatory design could provide a solution that would bridge this gap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050312118799121DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6130081PMC
September 2018

An Early Description of Using Oral Route for the Management of Cervical Vertebra Fracture by Ibn al-Quff in the Thirteenth Century.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 8;120:476-484. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Neurosurgical Clinics, Ankara Numune Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: This study presents information regarding the treatment of fractures and dislocations of the vertebrae, including the use of the oral route for upper cervical fractures, presented in certain chapters of the book titled Kitāb al-'Umda fī Ṣinā'a al-Jirāḥa (Ibn al-Quff, thirteenth century ad).

Methods: A printed copy of the second volume of the book was studied. Chapters 22 ("On treatment of vertebral fractures") and 33 ("On treatment of vertebral dislocation") of the seventeenth treatise of this book were translated from Arabic into English. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.005DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Pediatric Trampoline-Related Injuries in a Nationwide Registry in South Korea, 2011 to 2016.

Yonsei Med J 2018 Oct;59(8):989-994

Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.

Purpose: Trampoline-related injuries are steadily increasing. To our knowledge, there have been very few studies on trampoline injuries in Asia. The purpose of this study is to report the characteristics of pediatric trampoline injuries in Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2018.59.8.989DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127427PMC
October 2018
15 Reads

Is the Face an Air Bag for the Brain and Torso?-The Potential Protective Effects of Severe Midface Fractures.

Am Surg 2018 Aug;84(8):1299-1302

We investigated the patterns of injury associated with major midface trauma. Our hypothesis is that midface injuries are associated with a decrease in certain traumatic brain injuries as well as major torso injuries. The registry of our Level I trauma center was queried for all adult patients treated over 25 years from 1989 to 2013. Read More

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August 2018
3 Reads

Arthroscopic Treatment of Concurrent Avulsion Fracture of Anterior and Posterior Cruciate Ligament with Suspension Device.

J Orthop Case Rep 2018 Mar-Apr;8(2):81-85

Department of Orthopaedics, Hospital de Antequera, Málaga, Spain.

Introduction: Simultaneous avulsion fractures of the insertion of both cruciate ligaments of the knee are extremely uncommon lesions and their treatment remains difficult. The purpose of this paper is to show an arthroscopic repair technique of simultaneous tibial avulsion fracture of both cruciate ligaments of the knee such by using an adjustable length suspension device.

Case Report: A 25-year-oldmale patient was treated by arthroscopic reduction and fixation of both bony avulsion of cruciate ligaments of the knee with a sliding and adjustable length suspension device (ZipTight, Biomet, Warsaw, IN, USA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13107/jocr.2250-0685.1062DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6114203PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Fronto-naso-orbital Reconstructions.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 Dec;81(6S Suppl 1):S10-S14

Far-Eastern Memorial Hospital, Banqiao, New Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Significant defects at the fronto-naso-orbital area always present with severe facial disfigurement for the afflicted individuals. It may occur after tumor ablations, compound comminuted fractures, or craniofacial surgeries at this area.

Patients And Methods: Reconstructions of 11 patients with this problem had been performed by the authors, with follow-up for 3 to 25 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001606DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

The Supratarsal Approach for Correction of Anterior Frontal Bone Fractures.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1906-1909

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Karolinska University Hospital.

Background: To approach isolated anterior frontal bone fracture, coronal incision is the common surgical access of choice. This approach has complications such as aesthetically undesirable scarring and alopecia along the incision line. An alternative approach to these fractures is through a supratarsal incision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004984DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Comparison of oral-health-related quality of life in patients in the short- and long-term period following lower-facial injury and fractures - preliminary report.

Dent Med Probl 2018 Jan-Mar;55(1):57-62

Institute of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszów, Poland.

Background: Post-traumatic craniofacial injuries associated with bone fractures lead to serious morphological, functional and aesthetic complications which may negatively affect the physical and mental condition of the patient throughout the recovery period.

Objectives: The aim of this study was the evaluation of complaints and well-being in patients during the shortand long-term period following injury to the lower face, as well as an assessment of the effects of age and sex in the examined parameters.

Material And Methods: The research group included 42 patients with injury to the lower face. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17219/dmp/85255DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Hip fracture audit: Creating a 'critical mass of expertise and enthusiasm for hip fracture care'?

Authors:
Colin Currie

Injury 2018 Aug 21;49(8):1418-1423. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Formerly (1979-2010) of Geriatric Medicine Unit, School of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, College of Medicine and Veterinary medicine, Edinburgh University, Royal infirmary of Edinburgh, 51 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4SA, UK. Electronic address:

The care of frail older people admitted with hip fracture has improved greatly over the last half-century, largely as a result of combined medical care and surgical care and the rise - over the last four decades - of large-scale hip fracture audit. A series of European initiatives evolved. The first national hip fracture audit was the Swedish Rikshöft in the late 1980s, and the largest so far is the UK National Hip Fracture Database (NHFD), launched in 2007. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.06.025DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Association between pre- and intraorbital soft tissue volumes and the risk of orbital blowout fractures using CT-based volumetric measurements.

Orbit 2018 Aug 20:1-5. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

a Department of Ophthalmology , University of Washington , Seattle , Washington , USA.

Orbital blowout fractures result from trauma which breaks the bony orbital wall while sparing the rim. Previous research into fracture mechanism has focused on bony anatomy. This study evaluates the role of preorbital and intraorbital soft tissue volume in fracture risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01676830.2018.1509097DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads