Dermatol Surg 2016 May;42 Suppl 2:S77-82
*Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; †Department of Dermatology & Skin Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Departments of ‡Ophthalmology, and §Dermatology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.
Background: The upper face and periocular region is a complex and dynamic part of the face. Successful rejuvenation requires a combination of minimally invasive modalities to fill dents and hollows, resurface rhytides, improve pigmentation, and smooth the mimetic muscles of the face without masking facial expression.
Methods: Using review of the literature and clinical experience, the authors discuss our strategy for combining botulinum toxin, facial filler, ablative laser, intense pulsed light, microfocused ultrasound, and microneedle fractional radiofrequency to treat aesthetic problems of the upper face including brow ptosis, temple volume loss, A-frame deformity of the superior sulcus, and superficial and deep rhytides. Read More