3,886 results match your criteria Foot Drop


A smart insole system capable of identifying proper heel raise posture for chronic ankle instability rehabilitation.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 24;12(1):10796. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, 02841, South Korea.

Heel raise is widely prescribed to patients with chronic ankle instability in order to strengthen the Peroneus Longus muscle (PL) which supports the weakened lateral collateral ligaments. While the exercise itself is intuitive, ankle orientation is of particular importance because heel raises performed with inversion do not well recruit the PL. This implies that proper execution is imperative and a means to assess heel raise training sessions is needed. Read More

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Combined Use of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation and Short Foot Exercise Improves Navicular Height, Muscle Size, Function Mobility, and Risk of Falls in Healthy Older Adults.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 11;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Physical Therapy, Allied Health Sciences Faculty, Burapha University, Chonburi 20131, Thailand.

Electrical stimulation is an established method that is used to improve muscle strength. The present study compared changes in the navicular drop test (NDT), muscle size, the five times sit to stand (5TSTS) test, the timed up and go (TUG) test, and the risk of falls in response to transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) plus short foot exercise (SFE) and SFE alone in 68 healthy elderly participants aged 65-75 years. Participants were randomly assigned to two groups: TENS plus SFE and SFE alone (with sham TENS). Read More

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Running Footwear and Impact Peak Differences in Recreational Runners.

Biology (Basel) 2022 May 26;11(6). Epub 2022 May 26.

Human, Histology and Movement Science Section, Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Catania, Via S. Sofia n°87, 95123 Catania, Italy.

Running is a physical activity and the investigation of its biomechanical aspects is crucial both to avoid injuries and enhance performance. Recreational runners may be liable to increased stress over the body, particularly to lower limb joints. This study investigates the different running patterns of recreational runners by analyzing characteristics of the footwear impact peak, spatiotemporal, and kinematic parameters among those that present with a peak impact and those that do not, with a 3D markerless system. Read More

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The Influence of a Shoe's Heel-Toe Drop on Gait Parameters during the Third Trimester of Pregnancy.

Bioengineering (Basel) 2022 May 31;9(6). Epub 2022 May 31.

Faculty of Sports Science, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China.

Background: Changes in physical shape and body mass during pregnancy may increase the risk of walking falls. Shoes can protect and enhance the inherent function of the foot, helping to maintain dynamic and static stability.

Methods: Sixteen women during the third trimester of pregnancy participated in this study to investigate the effect of negative heel shoes (NHS), positive heel shoes (PHS), and normal shoes (NS) on spatiotemporal parameters, ground reaction force (GRF), and stability. Read More

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The Role of Prophylactic Peroneal Nerve Decompression in Patients with Severe Valgus Deformity at the Time of Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty.

Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr 2022 Jan-Apr;17(1):38-43

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, United States of America.

Background: Common peroneal nerve (PN) palsy after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a serious complication. Although many authors suggest delayed or immediate PN decompression after TKA in these patients, little is known about the role of prophylactic peroneal nerve decompression (PPND) at the time of TKA. The aim is to report the results of PPND in high-risk patients at the time of TKA. Read More

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Foot Drop, Hindfoot Varus, and Tibialis Posterior Tendon Transfer in Cerebral Palsy.

Orthop Clin North Am 2022 Jul 27;53(3):311-317. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California Davis, 4860 Y Street, Suite 3800, Sacramento, CA, USA; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shriners Children's Hospital Northern California, 2425 Stockton Boulevard, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA. Electronic address:

The transfer of the tibialis posterior tendon has been used to correct hindfoot varus and dorsiflexion weakness in cerebral palsy. It is expendable, has a favorable direction for dorsiflexion and eversion posterior to the tibia, and is the source of hindfoot varus in most cases. However, the foot and ankle must be flexible without skeletal deformity. Read More

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Evidence of Intrinsic Foot Muscle Training in Improving Foot Function: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

J Athl Train 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, United States.

Objective: To critically assess the literature focused on strength training of the intrinsic foot muscles (IFM) and resulting improvements in foot function.

Data Sources: A search of electronic databases PubMed, CINHAL, Scopus, and SPORT Discus was completed between January 2000 to March 2022.

Study Selection: Randomized control trials (RCTs) with an outcome of interest with at least two weeks of IFM exercise intervention were included. Read More

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Ischiofemoral impingement syndrome provoked by labor: An unusual case of complete sciatic mononeuropathy.

Neuroradiol J 2022 Jun 18:19714009221109895. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Neurology, 6915Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Peripheral neuropathies are a recognized complication of labor in the post-partum period. Herein, we describe an uncommon presentation of sciatic mononeuropathy due to ischiofemoral impingement during labor. A 29-year-old, gravida 4 para 2, female presented post-partum with acute left lower limb paresthesia and left foot drop, following spontaneous vaginal delivery of twins. Read More

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Analysis of Biomechanical Parameters of Martial Arts Routine Athletes' Jumping Difficulty Based on Image Recognition.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2022 8;2022:6341852. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

School of Physical Education, Xuchang University, Xuchang 461000, China.

This paper uses image segmentation technology to examine the biomechanical parameters of martial arts routine athletes' whirlwind legs and backflips, two difficult jumping sports. The successful completion of the whirlwind leg, a typical martial arts jumping difficulty, during the buffer period of the take-off stage, the left knee angle flexion, the drop of the body's center of gravity, and the drop of the horizontal speed of the center of gravity are all significantly correlated, so it is only necessary to grasp airborne altitude and speed from landing. The 720-degree cyclone foot has a flying height of 0. Read More

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[Systematic review and Meta-analysis of efficacy and safety of Shuxuetong Injection in treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2022 Jun;47(11):3088-3094

Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University Beijing 100010, China.

The present study evaluated the efficacy and safety of Shuxuetong Injection in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy(DPN). PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, CNKI, VIP, SinoMed, and Wanfang were searched for randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Shuxuetong Injection in the treatment of DPN from database inception to July 18, 2021. Literature screening was carried out according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the required information was extracted. Read More

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The biomechanical effects of 3D printed and traditionally made foot orthoses in individuals with unilateral plantar fasciopathy and flat feet.

Gait Posture 2022 Jun 11;96:257-264. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Exercise and Sports Science, School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, CQUniversity Australia, Bruce Highway, North Rockhampton, QLD 4701, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Foot orthoses (FOs) are used to manage foot pathologies such as plantar fasciopathy. 3D printed custom-made FOs are increasingly being manufactured. Although these 3D-printed FOs look like traditionally heat-moulded FOs, there are few studies comparing FOs made using these two different manufacturing processes. Read More

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Biomechanical and Viscoelastic Properties of the Achilles Tendon and Plantar Fascia in Pregnant Women with Pelvic Girdle Pain: A Case-Control Study.

Women Health 2022 Jun 15:1-12. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Faculty of Sports Sciences, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.

This cross-sectional study examined the biomechanical and viscoelastic properties of the Achilles tendon (AT) and plantar fascia (PF) and analyzed their relationship in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain (PGP). The study was conducted in a public hospital between January and May 2021. Forty-four pregnant women (PGP+, n: 22; PGP-, n: 22) and 21 non-pregnant women were included. Read More

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CORRELATION BETWEEN QUALITY OF LIFE AND THE CLINICAL RESULTS OF PATIENTS WITH LEPROSY WITH DROP FOOT AFTER TENDON TRANSFER.

Acta Ortop Bras 2022 23;30(3):e244354. Epub 2022 May 23.

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Faculty of Medicine, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate the functional results of surgically correcting drop foot in patients with leprosy and compare their SALSA, Social Participation, and AOFAS score.

Methods: Overall, 22 patients were subjected to posterior tibial tendon transfer via the subcutaneous route to the foot dorsum with an average follow-up of 56 months (min 12, max 70). In our sample, 15 of the enrolled patients were men and seven, women, aged between 20 and 73 years old who were operated on from January 2014 to December 2017. Read More

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Acquired Chiari malformation Type I and holocord syringomyelia associated with a high-flow supratentorial fistulous arteriovenous malformations: A case report and literature review.

Surg Neurol Int 2022 20;13:217. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Radiology, Bumrungrad International Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Chiari malformation Type I (CMI) is generally considered a congenital lesion and typically associated with syringomyelia. Acquired CMI or adult Chiari malformation caused by intracranial mass is extremely rare. Brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are characteristically symptomatic due to seizure, intracranial hemorrhage, or neurological deficit. Read More

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Spatiotemporal, kinematic and kinetic assessment of the effects of a foot drop stimulator for home-based rehabilitation of patients with chronic stroke: a randomized clinical trial.

J Neuroeng Rehabil 2022 Jun 7;19(1):56. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The Seventh Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Shenzhen, China.

Background: Gait disability affects the daily lives of patients with stroke in both home and community settings. An abnormal foot-ankle position can cause instability on the supporting surface and negatively affect gait. Our research team explored the ability of a portable peroneal nerve-targeting electrical stimulator to improve gait ability by adjusting the foot-ankle position during walking in patients with chronic stroke undergoing home-based rehabilitation. Read More

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Comparison of Isolated Sciatic Nerve and Sacral Nerve Root Endometriosis: A Review of the Literature.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2022 May 29. Epub 2022 May 29.

Bezmialem Vakıf University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: This review aimed to compare isolated sciatic and sacral nerve root endometriosis in terms of anatomical distribution, patients' symptoms and history, diagnostics, treatments, and outcomes.

Data Source: We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, and EMBASE from inception to October 2021 using a combination of keywords including "sciatic nerve endometriosis'', ''sacral nerve root endometriosis'' and associated Medical Subject Headings. Relevant publications and references were also checked for further articles. Read More

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Biomechanical running gait assessments across prevalent adolescent musculoskeletal injuries.

Gait Posture 2022 May 23;96:123-129. Epub 2022 May 23.

Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention, Waltham, MA, USA; Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedics, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: While there is substantial information available regarding expected biomechanical adaptations associated with adult running-related injuries, less is known about adolescent gait profiles that may influence injury development.

Research Questions: Which biomechanical profiles are associated with prevalent musculoskeletal lower extremity injuries among adolescent runners, and how do these profiles compare across injury types and body regions?

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 149 injured adolescents (110 F; 39 M) seen at a hospital-affiliated injured runner's clinic between the years 2016-2021. Biomechanical data were obtained from 2-dimensional video analyses and an instrumented treadmill system. Read More

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Biological Approach in the Treatment of External Popliteal Sciatic Nerve (Epsn) Neurological Injury: Review.

J Clin Med 2022 May 16;11(10). Epub 2022 May 16.

Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, GIR Physical Exercise and Aging, University of Valladolid, Campus Duques de Soria, 42004 Soria, Spain.

The external popliteal sciatic nerve (EPSN) is the nerve of the lower extremity most frequently affected by compressive etiology. Its superficial and sinuous anatomical course is closely related to other rigid anatomical structures and has an important dynamic neural component. Therefore, this circumstance means that this nerve is exposed to multiple causes of compressive etiology. Read More

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Experiences of individuals with multiple sclerosis and stroke using transcutaneous foot drop electrical stimulators: a systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative studies.

Disabil Rehabil 2022 May 24:1-10. Epub 2022 May 24.

School of Physiotherapy, Centre for Health, Activity, and Rehabilitation Research (CHARR), University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand.

Purpose: To explore the end users' experiences of foot drop electrical stimulator use for people with neurological conditions.

Materials And Methods: Electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus, and Google Scholar were searched in March 2022. Included articles were quality assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) checklist. Read More

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Use of Neuromuscular Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Disulfiram Polyneuropathy.

J Clin Neuromuscul Dis 2022 Jun;23(4):201-204

Cook County Health, Chicago, IL.

Abstract: We present the case of a 37-year-old woman with alcohol use disorder, who developed leg cramping, bilateral foot drop, and hand weakness 3 months after starting disulfiram. This was accompanied by an 18-pound involuntary weight loss. Electrophysiologic findings showed a motor predominant axonal neuropathy. Read More

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Foot drop as the initial symptom caused by thoracic disc herniation.

Eur Spine J 2022 May 22. Epub 2022 May 22.

Department of Spine Surgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, China.

Background: Foot drop is a syndrome resulting from weakness or paralysis of the tibialis anterior muscle. Some patients with thoracic disc herniation seek medical help complain of foot drop as the initial symptom. The study investigated the clinical characteristics of these patients and clarified the clinical efficacy after treatment. Read More

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Replicating and redesigning ankle-foot orthoses with 3D printing for children with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

Gait Posture 2022 May 11;96:73-80. Epub 2022 May 11.

University of Sydney School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health & Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia; The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, Australia.

Background: Children with the most common inherited neuropathy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), are often prescribed ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) to improve walking ability and prevent falls by reducing foot drop, postural instability, and other gait impairments. These externally worn assistive devices are traditionally custom-made using thermoplastic vacuum forming. This labour-intensive manufacturing process often results in AFOs which are cumbersome due to limited design options, and are associated with low acceptability, discomfort, and suboptimal impact on gait. Read More

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Common fibular nerve palsy due to fabella compression: An illustrative case report.

Neurochirurgie 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of neurosurgery, Jolimont Hospital, Rue Ferrer, 159, 7100 Haine-Saint-Paul, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: The fabella is a sesamoid bone situated in the tendon of the lateral head of the gastrocnemius muscle behind the lateral femoral condyle. Common fibular nerve injury may occur anywhere on its course and the most common etiology remains compression at the level of the head of the fibula. Compression by a fabella is a very unusual cause of common fibular nerve palsy and only few case reports are described in the literature. Read More

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Design principles, manufacturing and evaluation techniques of custom dynamic ankle-foot orthoses: a review study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2022 May 19;15(1):38. Epub 2022 May 19.

Movement Analysis Laboratory, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via di Barbiano 1/10, 40136, Bologna, Italy.

Ankle-Foot Orthoses (AFO) can be prescribed to allow drop-foot patients to restore a quasi-normal gait pattern. Standard off-the-shelf AFOs are cost-effective solutions to treat most patients with foot and ankle weakness, but these devices have several limitations, especially in terms of comfort. Therefore, custom AFOs are increasingly adopted to address drop-foot when standard solutions are not adequate. Read More

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Challenges of rural women living with obstetric fistula: A phenomenological study.

Women Birth 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

School of Public Service and Governance, Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration. Achimota, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Obstetric fistula is a devastating complication caused by a prolonged and obstructed labor. It is estimated that about 2 million girls and women continue to live with obstetric fistula while between 50,000-100,000 women worldwide develop obstetric fistula each year. This condition continues to persist and remains a major problem in Ghana and other developing countries. Read More

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A novel missense HNRNPA1 variant in the PY-NLS domain in a patient with late-onset distal myopathy.

Neuromuscul Disord 2022 Jun 31;32(6):521-526. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address:

Pathogenic HNRNPA1 variants underlying myopathy have been reported only in the prion-like domain of the heterogenous nuclear ribonucleoproteins A1, while two variants in the nuclear localization (PY-NLS) domain were described in ALS. Here we report a 61-year-old man who presented with 1-year history of bilateral foot drop without Paget disease or dementia. Examination revealed severe asymmetric distal weakness, predominantly affecting tibialis anterior and toe extensors. Read More

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[Application value of imaging examination in the diagnosis of Muller-Weiss disease].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2022 May;35(5):476-80

Department of Radiology, Army Hospital of the 72nd Army Group, Huzhou 313000, Zhejiang, China.

Objective: To analyze radiological characteristics of Muller-Weiss disease, evaluate the clinical value of the imaging examination in diagnosis of Muller-Weiss disease.

Methods: The imaging data of 26 patients with Muller-Weiss disease were collected from September 2015 to August 2020, including 7 males and 19 females, aged 43 to 68 years old with an average of (52.7±4. Read More

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Ankle dorsiflexion training with a newly developed Hybrid Assistive Limb for a patient with foot drop caused by common peroneal nerve palsy: a case report.

J Phys Ther Sci 2022 May 1;34(5):410-415. Epub 2022 May 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba: 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan.

[Purpose] An ankle disorder (foot drop) caused by common peroneal nerve palsy or cerebrovascular accident (stroke) interferes with patients' ability to walk and hinders in activities of daily living. A new robotic ankle, the Hybrid Assistive Limb, has been developed for the treatment of foot drop caused by common peroneal nerve palsy or sequelae of stroke. The purpose in this study was to report and examine the efficacy and feasibility of a case who was treated with voluntary ankle dorsiflexion training with the ankle Hybrid Assistive Limb. Read More

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The Great Imitator - Disseminated Tuberculosis Presenting as Baker's Cyst: A Case Report.

Malays Orthop J 2022 Mar;16(1):126-129

Department of Orthopaedics, Topiwala National Medical College, Mumbai, India.

Tuberculosis is known to be a great mimicker, and it can present in a myriad of ways, which often result in an incorrect diagnosis. In a country that is endemic to tuberculosis, the presentation can take many forms ranging from tumour to trauma. We present a case of Baker's cyst that was provisionally diagnosed as pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) of the knee and eventually turned out to be tuberculous arthritis. Read More

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