142,363 results match your criteria Foot & ankle international / American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society [and] Swiss Foot and Ankle Society[Journal]


Evaluation of ligament laxity during pregnancy.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Institut Pprime. Axe RoBioSS, CNRS UPR 3346 Université de Poitiers. Téléport 2, boulevard Marie et Pierre Curie BP 30179, 86962, Futuroscope, France. Electronic address:

Objective: Pregnancy-related changes in ligament laxity have been shown to be associated with various disorders such as back pain or pelvic floor disorders. The purpose of this study was to assess laxity changes during pregnancy by confronting different methods in order to suggest a simple clinical tool helping to prevent the aforementioned problems.

Design: 17 pregnant women were evaluated at the first, second and third trimesters as cases and 16 non-pregnant women participated as controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogoh.2019.02.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Quality by Design Driven Process Development of Cell Culture in Bioreactor for the Production of Foot-and-Mouth Veterinary Vaccine.

J Pharm Sci 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

National Engineering Laboratory for Cereal Fermentation Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China; The Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China; Jiangsu Provincial Research Center for Bioactive Product Processing Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China. Electronic address:

Quality by design (QbD) principle has been established as a guideline to emphasize the understanding of the relationship of product quality with process control. Vaccine product have characteristics of security and high efficiency, but it also has features like complexity and rigorous regulatory for production. This case study describes an example of QbD driven process development for manufacturing a veterinary vaccine produced with baby hamster kidney-21 (BHK-21) cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.xphs.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Implications of Classification of Os Trigonum: A Study Based on Computed Tomography Three-Dimensional Imaging.

Med Sci Monit 2019 Feb 22;25:1423-1428. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Orthopedic, Affiliated Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND The os trigonum is an accessory bone that is not fully fused with the talus during secondary ossification, and is one of the risk factors of posterior malleolus impact syndrome. The purpose of this study was to classify the os trigonum and to guide the diagnosis and treatment of related clinical diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS Ankle computed tomography (CT) scans of 586 Chinese patients between October 2014 and October 2018 were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.914485DOI Listing
February 2019

FeetBeat: A Flexible Iontronic Sensing Wearable Detects Pedal Pulses and Muscular Activities.

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Objective: Human feet have long been considered in close association with whole-body health, from which abundant cardiovascular and skeletomuscular information can be extracted. In this study, we aim to develop the world's first foot-based wearable system that can detect both pedal pulses and muscular activities, referred to as FeetBeat.

Methods: Utilizing the flexible iontronic sensing (FITS) technology, we have constructed and characterized a five-unit sensing array for detection of both pedal pulse signals and muscular activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TBME.2019.2900224DOI Listing
February 2019

An Early Disc Herniation Identification System for Advancement in the Standard Medical Screening Procedure based on Bayes Theorem.

IEEE J Biomed Health Inform 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

The aim of this research was to analyze objectively the process of disc herniation identification using Bayes Theorem. One of the symptoms of discus hernia is muscle weakness on the foot that is caused by displaced discs in the space of two vertebrae. This fact is used by experts in initial diagnosis of herniated discs and we used it to create non-invasive platform for the same purposes by measuring force values from four sensors placed on both feet (first, second and fourth metatarsal head as well as the heel). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JBHI.2019.2899665DOI Listing
February 2019

LINGO-1 shRNA loaded by Pluronic F-127 promotes functional recovery after ventral root avulsion.

Tissue Eng Part A 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Dongguan, China ;

Spinal root avulsion typically leads to massive motoneuron death and severe functional deficits of the target muscles. Multiple pathological factors such as severe neuron loss, induction of inhibitory molecules, and insufficient regeneration are responsible for the poor functional recovery. LINGO-1, a CNS-specific transmembrane protein that is selectively expressed on neurons and oligodendrocytes, serves as a potent negative mediator of axonal regeneration and myelination in CNS injuries and diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ten.TEA.2018.0282DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of forefoot arthroplasty on plantar pressure, pain, gait and disability in rheumatoid arthritis.

Mod Rheumatol 2019 Feb 22:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Rehabilitation , Yokohama City University Medical Center , Kanagawa , Japan.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to clarify the effect of forefoot arthroplasty on plantar pressure, pain, gait, and disability within one year after arthroplasty in patients with RA.

Methods: Eleven patients with RA who underwent forefoot arthroplasty completed this quasi-experimental study. Outcome measures were in-shoe plantar pressure, visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, temporal gait parameters, and modified Health Assessment Questionnaire (mHAQ), obtained preoperatively and at 4 and 12 months postoperatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14397595.2019.1584951DOI Listing
February 2019

Translation and validation of the Korean version of the Diabetic Foot Ulcer Scale-Short Form.

Authors:
Ye-Na Lee

Int Wound J 2019 Mar;16 Suppl 1:3-12

Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

The purpose of this study was to translate the Diabetic Foot Ulcer Scale-Short Form (DFS-SF) into Korean and evaluate its psychometric performance in patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). The DFS-SF was translated into Korean using translation guidelines from the World Health Organization. The Korean version of DFS-SF (DFS-SF-K) went through the full linguistic validation process and was evaluated in 320 Korean patients with DFU. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iwj.13025DOI Listing

Hand, foot and mouth disease associated with coxsackievirus A10: more serious than it seems.

Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a National Institutes for Food and Drug Control , No. 31 Huatuo Road, Beijing 102629 , China.

Introduction: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common viral childhood illness, that has been a severe public health concern worldwide, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region. According to epidemiological data of HFMD during the past decade, the most prevalent causal viruses were enterovirus (EV)-A71, coxsackievirus (CV)-A16, CV-A6 and CV-A10. The public health burden of CV-A10-related diseases has been underestimated as their incidence was lower than that of EV-A71 and CV-A16 in most HFMD outbreaks. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14787210.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14787210.2019.1585242DOI Listing
February 2019
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Inhibition of P53/miR-34a improves diabetic endothelial dysfunction via activation of SIRT1.

J Cell Mol Med 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Toxicology and Nutrition, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China.

Endothelial dysfunction contributes to diabetic macrovascular complications, resulting in high mortality. Recent findings demonstrate a pathogenic role of P53 in endothelial dysfunction, encouraging the investigation of the effect of P53 inhibition on diabetic endothelial dysfunction. Thus, high glucose (HG)-treated endothelial cells (ECs) were subjected to pifithrin-α (PFT-α)-a specific inhibitor of P53, or P53-small interfering RNA (siRNA), both of which attenuated the HG-induced endothelial inflammation and oxidative stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcmm.14253DOI Listing
February 2019

Incidence of medically attended paediatric burns across the UK.

Inj Prev 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Division of Population Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK

Objective: Childhood burns represent a burden on health services, yet the full extent of the problem is difficult to quantify. We estimated the annual UK incidence from primary care (PC), emergency attendances (EA), hospital admissions (HA) and deaths.

Methods: The population was children (0-15 years), across England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland (NI), with medically attended burns 2013-2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2018-042881DOI Listing
February 2019

Foot abscessation in horses.

Authors:
Elizabeth Barr

Vet Rec 2019 Feb;184(8):249-250

Barr Equine Veterinary, West Malling, Kent, ME19 6RD, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.l316DOI Listing
February 2019

Foot strike pattern, step rate, and trunk posture combined gait modifications to reduce impact loading during running.

J Biomech 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

State Key Laboratory of Mechanical System and Vibration, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China. Electronic address:

Elevated impact loading can be detrimental to runners as it has been linked to the increased risk of tibial stress fracture and plantar fasciitis. The objective of this study was to investigate the combined effects of foot strike pattern, step rate, and anterior trunk lean gait modifications on impact loading in runners. Nineteen healthy runners performed 12 separate gait modification trials involving: three foot strike patterns (rearfoot, midfoot, and forefoot strike), two step rates (natural and 10% increased), and two anterior trunk lean postures (natural and 10-degree increased flexion). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.01.058DOI Listing
February 2019

Identification of key events in baseball hitting using inertial measurement units.

J Biomech 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Japan.

Quantification of baseball hitting mechanics under game conditions help players to become successful batters and prevent injuries. Inertial measurement units (IMUs) can measure motion without any spatial restriction and are thus becoming a popular tool to investigate sports biomechanics. Biomechanical analysis of hitting requires the accurate detection of key events including "foot-off" while leaning back (F), "foot-on" during forward swing (F), and ball impact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Surgical procedures for treatment of adult acquired flatfoot deformity: a network meta-analysis.

J Orthop Surg Res 2019 Feb 21;14(1):62. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Southwest Hospital, Army Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, China.

Background: Adult acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD) represents a spectrum of deformities affecting the foot and the ankle. The optimal management of AAFD remains controversial. We evaluated the efficacy of surgical treatments of AAFD using both direct and indirect evidences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-019-1094-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Barriers to diabetes self-care: a qualitative study of patients' and health care providers' perspectives.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, New South Wales, 2308, Australia.

Aims And Objectives: We explored patient and health care provider (HCP) perspectives about patients' barriers to the performance of diabetes self-care behaviours in Ghana.

Background: Sub-Saharan African urban populations are increasingly affected by type 2 diabetes due to nutrition transition, sedentary lifestyles, and ageing. Diabetes self-care is critical to improving clinical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14835DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors associated with foot ulcer self-management behaviors among hospitalized patients with diabetes.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan.

Aims And Objectives: To determine pre-hospitalized diabetes-related foot ulcer (DFU) self-management behaviors and explore the factors associated with these behaviors.

Background: Although there are many studies that explore DFU prevention and treatment, to our knowledge, there are no quantitative studies of DFU self-management behaviors.

Design: Cross-sectional design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14822DOI Listing
February 2019

Implementation of the Champions for Skin Integrity Model to improve leg and foot ulcer care in the primary health care setting.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Faculty of Health Institute of Health & Biomedical Innovation Queensland University of Technology, 60 Musk Ave, Kelvin Grove, QLD 4059, Australia.

Aims: To facilitate evidence-based leg and foot ulcer management through implementation of the Champions for Skin Integrity (CSI) model to education in primary health care in Australia.

Background: Leg and foot ulcers are frequently seen wounds in general practice and wound care the most frequently performed activity by practice nurses. Literature reports the lack of evidence based leg and foot ulcer assessment, management and prevention strategies in this setting and previous research in regards to confidence and knowledge has indicated that general practice health professionals have the greatest need for education in wound care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14826DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessing Foot Loads in Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) and Active Knee Joint Motion Devices.

Sportverletz Sportschaden 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Division of Orthopaedic Rheumatology, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany.

Background:  Continuous passive motion (CPM) and active knee joint motion devices are commonly applied after various surgical procedures. Despite the growing use of active motion devices, there is a paucity of data comparing plantar loads between the different mobilization techniques. The aim of this study was to investigate foot loads during knee joint mobilization in continuous passive and active knee joint motion devices and to compare this data to the physiological load of full weight-bearing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0648-8699DOI Listing
February 2019

[The Organization of Functioning of Traumatological Station of Municipal Clinical Hospital: the Structure of Resort of Patients on the Occasion of Traumas].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2019 Jan;27(1):54-58

The Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education "The Bashkir State Medical University", 450008, Ufa, Russia.

The analysis of the structure of treatment of patients with injuries in traumatological station of municipal clinical hospital established that the percentage of females was slightly higher than that one of males, 50.9% and 49.1% respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.32687/0869-866X-2019-27-1-54-58DOI Listing
January 2019

Surgical site infection following elective orthopaedic surgeries in geriatric patients: Incidence and associated risk factors.

Int Wound J 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Hand and Foot Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin Province, China.

The purposes of this study were to investigate the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) following geriatric elective orthopaedic surgeries and identify the associated risk factors This was a retrospective two-institution study. Between January 2014 and September 2017, patients aged 60 years or older undergoing elective orthopaedic surgeries were included for data collection and analysis. SSI was identified through the review of patients' medical records for the index surgery and through the readmission diagnosis of SSI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iwj.13096DOI Listing
February 2019

Siphonariid development: Quintessential euthyneuran larva with a mantle fold innovation (Gastropoda; Panpulmonata).

J Morphol 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Biological Sciences, 331 Funchess Hall, University of Auburn, Auburn, Alabama.

Recent phylogenetic revisions of euthyneuran gastropods ("opisthobranchs" and "pulmonates") suggest that clades with a planktotrophic larva, the ancestral life history for euthyneurans, are more widely distributed along the trunk of the euthyneuran tree than previously realized. There is some indication that the planktotrophic larva of euthyneurans has distinctive features, but information to date has come mainly from traditional "opisthobranch" groups. Much less is known about planktotrophic "pulmonate" larvae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20971DOI Listing
February 2019

Molecular Epidemiology of Echovirus 18 Circulating in Mainland China from 2015 to 2016.

Virol Sin 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Key Laboratory of Major Diseases in Children, Ministry of Education, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases, Beijing Key Laboratory of Pediatric Respiratory Infection Diseases, Virology Laboratory, Beijing Pediatric Research Institute, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, 100045, China.

Echovirus 18 (E18), a serotype of Enterovirus B (EV-B) species, is an important pathogen in aseptic meningitis. E18 had rarely been detected in mainland China, but became the predominant pathogen associated with viral encephalitis (VE) and meningitis in Hebei province for the first time in 2015. To investigate the molecular epidemiology and genetic characteristics of E18 in mainland China, sixteen E18 strains from patient throat swabs with hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in six provinces in China collected between 2015 and 2016, and four E18 strains isolated from 18 patient cerebrospinal fluid specimens with VE in Hebei Province in 2015 were obtained and sequenced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12250-018-0080-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors associated with wearing inadequate outdoor footwear in populations at risk of foot ulceration: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2019 21;14(2):e0211140. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

School of Clinical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Few studies have investigated if people at risk of foot ulceration actually wear the footwear recommended by best practice guidelines to prevent foot ulceration. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of, and factors associated with, wearing inadequate outdoor footwear in those with diabetes or peripheral neuropathy in an inpatient population.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of a multi-site cross-sectional study investigating foot conditions in a large representative inpatient population admitted into hospital for any medical reason on one day. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211140PLOS
February 2019

Effect of 3D Printing Individualized Ankle-Foot Orthosis on Plantar Biomechanics and Pain in Patients with Plantar Fasciitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Med Sci Monit 2019 Feb 21;25:1392-1400. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Pain, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Traditional ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) are not effective in treating plantar fasciitis, while customized 3-dimensional (3D) printed ankle-foot orthoses are effective in treating many ankle-foot diseases. This study investigated the effects of customized 3D printed AFOs on biomechanics and comfort of the plantar foot in plantar fasciitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sixty patients with bilateral plantar fasciitis aged 31-60 years participated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.915045DOI Listing
February 2019

Validity of Foot-To-Foot Bioelectrical Impedance for Estimating Body Composition in NCAA Division I Male Athletes: A 3-Compartment Model Comparison.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Health Sciences and Kinesiology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Georgia.

Nickerson, BS, Snarr, RL, and Ryan, GA. Validity of foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance for estimating body composition in NCAA Division I male athletes: A 3-compartment model comparison. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to validate single-frequency foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis (FF-BIA) against a 3-compartment (3C) model in NCAA Division I male athletes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002999DOI Listing
February 2019

Heel-Raised Foot Posture Does Not Affect Trunk and Lower Extremity Biomechanics During a Barbell Back Squat in Recreational Weight lifters.

J Strength Cond Res 2019 Mar;33(3):606-614

Outpatient Physical Therapy Clinic, Desert View Hospital, Pahrump, Nevada.

Lee, S-P, Gillis, CB, Ibarra, JJ, Oldroyd, DF, and Zane, RS. Heel-raised foot posture does not affect trunk and lower extremity biomechanics during a barbell back squat in recreational weight lifters. J Strength Cond Res 33(3): 606-614, 2019-It is claimed that weightlifting shoes with a raised heel may lead to a more upright trunk posture, and thus reduce the risk of back injuries during a barbell back squat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001938DOI Listing

Ankle Injuries in Dancers.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (Dr. Vosseller and Dr. Dennis), Columbia University Medical Center, and The ADAM Center (Dr. Bronner), The Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, New York city, NY.

The term dance encompasses a broad range of different styles; much of the orthopaedic literature has focused on ballet dancers. Injury is common in dancers at all levels, and many serious dancers sustain multiple injuries as they progress through their career. Foot and ankle injuries are among the most common injuries experienced by dancers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-18-00596DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessment of neighborhood street characteristics related to physical activity in the Lower Mississippi Delta.

Health Promot Perspect 2019 23;9(1):24-30. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, University of Central Arkansas, Conway, AR, USA.

Physical activity levels were low for pregnant and postpartum participants in a diet and physical activity intervention. To explore micro level characteristics of participants'neighborhoods related to physical activity, an ancillary study was conducted. This cross-sectional study encompassed the neighborhood street segments of women participating in a diet and physical activity intervention that was conducted in the Lower Mississippi Delta. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpp.2019.03DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377699PMC
January 2019

Adolescent Lisfranc injury treated with TightRope: A case report and review of literature.

World J Orthop 2019 Feb 18;10(2):115-122. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Royal London Hospital, Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic department, Barts NHS Trust, London E13 8SL, United Kingdom.

Background: Lisfranc injuries are rare and can be easily missed. This injury is extremely rare in children, with limited published data. Different treatment options have been described; one of the options in adults is the "mini" TightRope™ Syndesmosis Device that provides non-rigid fixation with impressive results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5312/wjo.v10.i2.115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6379736PMC
February 2019

Update on diagnosis and management of cuboid fractures.

World J Orthop 2019 Feb 18;10(2):71-80. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Spine Department and Deformities, Interbalkan European Medical Center, Thessaloniki 55535, Greece.

Cuboid fractures due to the particular bone anatomy and its protected location in the midfoot are rare, and they are usually associated with complex injuries of the foot. Clinical examination to diagnose these fractures should be detailed and the differential diagnosis, especially in the case of vague symptoms, should include the exclusion of all lateral foot pain causes. Conventional radiographs do not always reveal occult fractures, which can be under diagnosed especially in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5312/wjo.v10.i2.71DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6379735PMC
February 2019

Palmar-plantar Erythrodysesthesia with Genital Involvement Secondary to Capecitabine Chemoradiotherapy: A Case Report.

Cureus 2018 Dec 8;10(12):e3704. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Radiation Oncology, London Regional Cancer Program, Western University, London, CAN.

Palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (PPE) is a common dermatologic adverse reaction secondary to capecitabine use, but the skin toxicity rarely involves the genitals. We describe a case of PPE with scrotal and penile involvement secondary to capecitabine chemotherapy concurrent with radiotherapy. The patient presented with pain and erythema involving the penis and scrotum during the fifth week of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy with capecitabine for T3c N2b M0 low rectal adenocarcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3704DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373891PMC
December 2018

Risk factors for mortality among patients undergoing major amputations due to infected diabetic feet.

J Vasc Bras 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):296-302

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, Departamento de Cirurgia, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

Background: Foot ulcers in patients with diabetes are a major public health problem and are often associated with lower limbs amputation and mortality in this population.

Objectives: To investigate the risk factors associated with mortality in patients with infected diabetic foot ulcers and major lower limb amputations.

Methods: This was an observational, retrospective, case-control study with a sample of 78 patients with infected diabetic foot ulcers who had major lower limb amputations at a Vascular Surgery Service at a university hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1677-5449.010717DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6375264PMC
February 2019

Closing Gaps in Diabetes Care: From Evidence to Practice.

Saudi J Med Med Sci 2018 May-Aug;6(2):68-76. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Department of Medicine, Dammam Medical Complex, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background: Tracking progress in diabetes care may help in evaluating the quality of efforts and identifying gaps in the care.

Objectives: To demonstrate that tracking important clinical indicators of diabetes mellitus can result in improved care as well as help identify and close gaps between evidence and practice in diabetes care.

Subjects And Methods: The study is an observational, random audit of medical records of patients with diabetes who received care at the Diabetes Center, Dammam Medical Complex. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_86_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196706PMC

Functional Mobility and Dynamic Postural Control Predict Overhead Handball Throwing Performance in Elite Female Team Handball Players.

J Sports Sci Med 2019 Mar 11;18(1):91-100. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.

The relationship between dynamic postural control, functional mobility and team handball throwing performance, velocity and accuracy, is largely unknown. The hand reach star excursion balance test (HSEBT) is a full kinetic chain assessment tool of these factors. Specifically, L135 and R135 (extension) reaches elicit joint movement combinations similar to the cocking and acceleration phase, while the L45 and R45 (flexion) reaches elicit joint movement combinations similar to the follow-through. Read More

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The Proportion of Lower Limb Running Injuries by Gender, Anatomical Location and Specific Pathology: A Systematic Review.

J Sports Sci Med 2019 Mar 11;18(1):21-31. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Centre for Pain Research, School of Clinical and Applied Sciences, Leeds Beckett University, UK.

Running is associated with a higher risk of overuse injury than other forms of aerobic exercise such as walking, swimming and cycling. An accurate description of the proportion of running injuries per anatomical location and where possible, per specific pathology, for both genders is required. The aim of this review was to determine the proportion of lower limb running injuries by anatomical location and by specific pathology in male and female runners (≥800m - ≤ marathon). Read More

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[4. Lower Limb (Distal to the Lower Leg, Ankle, Foot)].

Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi 2019 ;75(2):218-224

Asahikawa Medical University.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6009/jjrt.2019_JSRT_75.2.218DOI Listing
January 2019

Pediatric Acral Angioleiomyoma: Report of an Unusual Case and Review of the Literature.

Fetal Pediatr Pathol 2019 Feb 20:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

b Princess Alexandra Hospital , Pathology Queensland , Woolloongabba , Australia.

Background: Angioleiomyoma is a classic painful cutaneous tumor of the limbs of middle aged adults. They are usually a straight-forward histologic diagnosis, being well-circumscribed or encapsulated lesions with both smooth muscle and vascular components.

Case Report: We report the case of an angioleiomyoma on the toe of an 8-year-old girl which displayed an unusual plexiform growth pattern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15513815.2019.1576819DOI Listing
February 2019

Increased cerebral responses to salient transitions between alternating stimuli in chronic migraine with medication overuse headache and during migraine attacks.

Cephalalgia 2019 Feb 20:333102418825359. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

2 Headache Research Unit, Department of Neurology, CHR Citadelle, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium.

Introduction: In a previous study exploring central pain modulation with heterotopic stimuli in healthy volunteers, we found that transitions between sustained noxious and innocuous thermal stimulations on the foot activated the "salience matrix". Knowing that central sensory processing is abnormal in migraine, we searched in the present study for possible abnormalities of these salient transitional responses in different forms of migraine and at different time points of the migraine cycle.

Methods: Participants of both sexes, mostly females, took part in a conditioned pain modulation experiment: Migraineurs between (n = 14) and during attacks (n = 5), chronic migraine patients with medication overuse headache (n = 7) and healthy volunteers (n = 24). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102418825359DOI Listing
February 2019

[Reconstruction of neglected Achilles tendon rupture: flexor hallucis longus transfer versus gastrocnemius turn-down flaps].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):542-546

Institute of Sports Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.

To compare the outcome of either flexor hallucis longus transfer or turn-down of proximal Achilles tendon tissue repair in treating chronic Achilles tendon rupture. The clinical data of 21 patients who underwent repair of Myerson type Ⅲ chronic Achilles tendon rupture at Peking University Sports Medicine Research Institute from May 2012 to March 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 11 cases were treated with flexor hallucis longus (FHL) transfer, and 10 cases were treated with gastrocnemius turn-down flaps repair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.013DOI Listing
February 2019

Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography and Ultrasonographic Findings of Achilles Tendon in Patients With and Without Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Başkent University, Ankara, Turkey.

Aims: We aimed to evaluate the elastographic features of Achilles tendon with Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse in patients with and without diabetic neuropathy.

Methods: According to the presence of peripheral neuropathy, 45 patients with type 2 diabetes were divided into 2 subgroups. Those with peripheral neuropathy were defined as group I (22 patients) and those without peripheral neuropathy were defined as group II (23 patients). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0840-3292DOI Listing
February 2019

Knowledge and practices for the prevention of the diabetic foot.

Rev Gaucha Enferm 2019 Feb 18;40:e20180161. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Universidad Surcolombiana (USCO), Facultad de Salud, Departamento de Enfermería. Neiva-Huila, Colombia.

Objective: Describe the knowledge and practices performed by people for diabetic foot prevention.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study, with a random stratified sample, comprised of 304 people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The information was collected through an instrument designed by the researchers that assessed sociodemographic aspects, and level of knowledge and practices of the participants in diabetic foot care prevention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2019.20180161DOI Listing
February 2019

Mechanistic insight into diabetic wounds: Pathogenesis, molecular targets and treatment strategies to pace wound healing.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Feb 19;112:108615. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

University Institute of Pharmacy, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, 492010, Raipur, C.G., India. Electronic address:

Wound management in diabetic patient is of an extreme clinical and social concern. The delayed and impaired healing makes it more critical for research focus. The research on impaired healing process is proceeding hastily evident by new therapeutic approaches other than conventional such as single growth factor, dual growth factor, skin substitutes, cytokine stimulators, cytokine inhibitors, matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors, gene and stem cell therapy, extracellular matrix and angiogenesis stimulators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2019.108615DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of foot progression angle adjustment on external knee adduction moment and knee adduction angular impulse during stair ascent and descent.

Hum Mov Sci 2019 Feb 19;64:213-220. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Gait & Motion Analysis Laboratory, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong. Electronic address:

Foot progression angle adjustment was shown to reduce external knee adduction moment (EKAM) and knee adduction angular impulse (KAAI) during level ground walking. However, evidence on effects of foot progression angle adjustment on the above surrogate measures of medial knee loading during stair climbing is limited. Hence, this study examined the effects of toe-in and toe-out gait on EKAM and KAAI during stair ascent and descent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Salvaging the Unsalvageable Severe Malunion Deformity After Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneal Fractures: What Options Exist?

Clin Podiatr Med Surg 2019 Apr 12;36(2):339-347. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Orthopaedic Center, Gundersen Health System, Mail Stop CO2-006, 1900 South Avenue, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA. Electronic address:

A subset of calcaneal fractures is so severe that it may warrant primary conservative treatment. Unfortunately, nonoperative management of these fractures can lead to the development of a calcaneal malunion and cause significant patient morbidity. Surgical management of these deformities often requires increasingly complex reconstructive procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpm.2018.10.013DOI Listing

Wound Coverage Options for Soft Tissue Defects Following Calcaneal Fracture Management (Operative/Surgical).

Clin Podiatr Med Surg 2019 Apr 12;36(2):323-337. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Plastic Reconstructive and Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Perelman Center for Advanced Medicine, 3400 Civic Center Boulevard, South Pavilion, 1st Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Soft tissue defects and wound healing complications related to calcaneus fractures may result in significant morbidity. The management of these soft tissue complications requires following reconstructive principles that provide the requisites for preservation of the injured limb and the maximization of function. Soft tissue complications are addressed with methods that commensurate with the degree of injury, ranging from local wound care to free flap reconstruction. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08918422183009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpm.2018.10.012DOI Listing
April 2019
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Intraoperative Reduction Techniques for Surgical Management of Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneal Fractures.

Clin Podiatr Med Surg 2019 Apr 24;36(2):269-277. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Coastline Foot and Ankle Center, 800 Liberty Street Southeast, Salem, OR 97302, USA.

Fractures of the calcaneus are detrimental injuries, often caused by high-energy trauma. To best restore the functionality of a limb and allow normal ambulation, it is recommended to repair displaced intra-articular calcaneus fractures surgically. This article presents several methods of reduction and repair of the calcaneus. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08918422183009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpm.2018.10.008DOI Listing
April 2019
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Sinus Tarsi Approach with Subcutaneously Delivered Plate Fixation for Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneal Fractures.

Clin Podiatr Med Surg 2019 Apr 24;36(2):225-231. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Kaiser Permanente Santa Clara and GSAA, 710 Lawrence Expressway, Department 140, Santa Clara, CA 95051, USA.

Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures can be treated with open reduction and internal fixation through various methods, including the extensile lateral approach, sinus tarsi approach, percutaneous reduction and fixation, external fixation, and calcaneoplasty. Although the gold standard is the extensile lateral approach, this method has significant wound-healing complications associated with it. Literature shows that the reduction achieved through minimally invasive techniques is equal to that achieved with the extensile lateral approach, while reducing the amount of postoperative complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpm.2018.10.005DOI Listing