1,072,796 results match your criteria Food Quality and Preference [Journal]


Effects of substituting kraft pulp with corn silage on dry matter intake, ruminal mat formation, rumen fermentation, and rumination activity in non-lactating cows.

Anim Sci J 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

College of Agriculture, Food and Environment Sciences, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Hokkaido, Japan.

The present study examined the effects of substituting kraft pulp (KP) with corn silage (CS) on dry matter intake (DMI), ruminal mat and rumen fermentation characteristics, and rumination. Four non-lactating, rumen-cannulated Holstein cows were fed a CS diet comprising 36% grass silage (GS) and 64% CS or a KP diet comprising 36% GS, 57% KP, and 7% soybean meal. DMI was significantly lower in cows fed the KP diet than in those fed the CS diet (p < 0. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Characteristics of dietary intake among adult patients in hospitals in a lower middle-income country in Southeast Asia.

Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology Australia, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: Low-dietary intake is a common problem and cause of malnutrition during hospitalisation. This study aims to determine the current dietary intake and food sources of hospitalised adults in Ho Chi Minh City.

Methods: Participants were adult patients from six general public hospitals in a multi-site survey undertaken in 2016. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Origin site-based staging system of sinonasal inverted papilloma for application to endoscopic sinus surgery.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing TongRen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: We aimed to assess the recurrence risk of sinonasal inverted papillomas (SNIPs), based on a staging system developed according to the originating site of SNIP.

Methods: A total of 200 patients with SNIP were enrolled, and a staging system was developed based on the originating sites and corresponding recurrence rates of tumor in the patients. In the verification phase, 675 patients with SNIPs were enrolled as above, and the originating sites of the SNIPs were confirmed by an endoscopic sinus surgery. Read More

View Article
December 2018

The survival of pathogenic bacteria and plant growth promoting bacteria during mesophilic anaerobic digestion in full-scale biogas plants.

Anim Sci J 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Graduate School of Animal and Food Hygiene, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan.

The introduction of biogas plants is a promising way to recycle organic wastes with renewable energy production and reducing greenhouse gas. Application of anaerobic digestate as a fertilizer reduces the consumption of chemical fertilizers. In this study, the survival of pathogenic bacteria and plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) in two full-scale biogas plants operated at mesophilic condition were investigated. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Fucoxanthin prevents lipopolysaccharide-induced depressive-like behavior in mice via AMPK- NF-κB pathway.

Metab Brain Dis 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Pharmacy, Institute of toxicology and pharmacology, Zhejiang Pharmaceutical College, Ningbo, 315000, China.

Fucoxanthin (FX), a natural carotenoid abundant in edible brown seaweeds, has been shown the great anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic effects in vivo and in vitro. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of FX on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced behavioral defects in mice. In depressive behavior tests, the increased immobility time of forced swimming test and tail suspension test by LPS treatment in mice, which were significantly reversed by FX treatment (200 mg/kg, i. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Gut microbiome approaches to treat obesity in humans.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2018 Dec 16. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Food and Nutrition, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, State University of São Paulo (UNESP), Araraquara, SP, Brazil.

The rising worldwide prevalence of obesity has become a major concern having many implications for the public health and the economy. It is well known that many factors such as lifestyle, increased intake of foods high in fat and sugar and a host's genetic profile can lead to obesity. Besides these factors, recent studies have pointed to the gut microbiota composition as being responsible for the development of obesity. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Melanoma-related changes in skin microbiome.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Vídeňská 1083, 142 20, Prague, Czech Republic.

Melanoma is the least common form of skin tumor, but it is potentially the most dangerous and responsible for the majority of skin cancer deaths. We suggest that the skin microbiome might be changed during the progression of melanoma. The aim of this study is to compare the composition of the skin microbiota between different locations (skin and melanoma) of a MeLiM (Melanoma-bearing Libechov Minipig) pig model (exophytic melanoma). Read More

View Article
December 2018

Adsorption and in vitro release study of curcumin form polyethyleneglycol functionalized multi walled carbon nanotube: kinetic and isotherm study.

Daru 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Food Science & Technology, Faculty of Food Industry and Agriculture, Standard Research Institute (SRI), Karaj, P.O. Box: 31745-139, Iran.

Polyethylene glycol functionalized with oxygenated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (O-PEG-MWCNTs) as an efficient nanomaterial for the in vitro adsorption/release of curcumin (CUR) anticancer agent. The synthesized material was morphologically characterized using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. In addition, the CUR adsorption process was assessed with kinetic and isotherm models fitting well with pseudo-second order and Langmuir isotherms. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Differential Susceptibility of Wild and Cultivated Blueberries to an Invasive Frugivorous Pest.

J Chem Ecol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Laboratory of Evolutionary Entomology, Institute of Biology, University of Neuchâtel, Emile Argand 11, Case postale 158, 2009, Neuchâtel, Switzerland.

Highbush blueberry is a crop native to the northeast USA that has been domesticated for about 100 years. This study compared the susceptibility of wild and domesticated/cultivated highbush blueberries to an invasive frugivorous pest, the spotted wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii). We hypothesized that: 1) cultivated fruits are preferred by D. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Dietary Patterns and Anthropometric Measures of Indian Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

J Autism Dev Disord 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Studies in Food Science and Nutrition, University of Mysore, Mysuru, India.

Research literature on dietary patterns & eating habits of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in India is limited. To explore this, a pilot study (n = 53) which included 45 boys and 8 girls (age group of 2-13 years) was conducted. Three day food records, Food Frequency Questionnaire and Children Eating Behavior Inventory were used to assess the dietary intakes and mealtime behavior problems respectively. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Development of a model for food waste composting.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Faculty of Food Engineering, Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, 13 Universitatii Street, 720229, Suceava, Romania.

Worldwide, large amounts of food are wasted every year. Reducing of food waste at European level is taken very seriously and it has been adopted even a target of reducing the amount of food waste in half until 2030. In many countries of the European Union, food wastes are composted, while in countries like Romania, the composting is too little used or not at all, but efforts are being made to apply this process. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Ambient geochemical baselines for trace elements in Chernozems-approximation of geochemical soil transformation in an agricultural area.

Environ Monit Assess 2018 Dec 15;191(1):19. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Institute of Soil Science and Environmental Protection, Grunwaldzka 53, 50-357, Wrocław, Poland.

The legal regulatory/action levels of trace elements in soils are established at high concentrations, at which the crucial functions of soil are at risk or are eliminated. However, concentrations below these action levels, but above presumed natural levels, may also limit particular ecosystem services, including organic food production. Thus, defining the (ambient) background concentrations is an essential part of environmental or health risk assessment, e. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Contribution of monoaminergic mechanisms to the discriminative stimulus effects of 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) in Sprague-Dawley rats.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, 49008, USA.

Rationale: 3,4-Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) is a popular synthetic cathinone reported to have a high abuse potential. Recent preclinical research indicates the psychopharmacology of MDPV is comparable to cocaine. Despite a recent influx of research on the psychopharmacology of MDPV, few studies have employed preclinical drug discrimination methods to discern the neurochemical mechanisms involved in its interoceptive stimulus effects. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Official controls regarding artisanal ice cream shops: public health policies and consumer protection in the Italian and European legislative frameworks.

Ann Ig 2019 Jan-Feb;31(1):76-85

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Translational Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Ice cream is a widely enjoyed food that is especially popular during summer. To ensure it is safe and ready-to-eat for consumers, legislation imposes a series of obligations for food business operators, and for competent authorities that have to carry out official controls, including official sampling. This article reviews the general and specific requirements applicable to the premises where ice cream is produced, concerning aspects related to health notification obligations and to implementing and maintaining procedures based on the principles of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point system. Read More

View Article

Promotion of the mediterranean diet incancer long-survivors by means of the Med-Food Anticancer Program: a pilot study.

Ann Ig 2019 Jan-Feb;31(1):45-51

Discipline of Nutrition and Dietetics, The University of Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: The intervention "Med-Anticancer Food Program" has proven to be effective in promoting the Mediterranean Diet, significantly increasing the Mediterranean Adequacy Index in healthy subjects. There are no studies that have investigated the effectiveness of this intervention in individuals who have had a diagnosis of cancer.

Objective: To perform a pilot study to assess the opportunity of employing the methodology of the Med-Anticancer Food Program in order to encourage "long-term cancer survivors" to adhere to the Mediterranean Diet, as well as healthy people, and this in order to apply the program to larger groups. Read More

View Article

Effects of Early Initiation of Solid Versus Liquid Diet after Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection on Quality of Life and Postoperative Outcomes: A Prospective Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

Digestion 2018 Dec 14:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Gastroenterology, Asahi General Hospital, Chiba, Japan.

Background/aims: Feeding recommendations after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastric neoplasms are not established and based on clinical experience.

Methods: This was a prospective pilot randomized controlled trial. Patients undergoing ESD for gastric neoplasms were randomly assigned to solid (n = 50) or liquid diet (n = 50) groups. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Mapping Oat Crown Rust Resistance Gene Confirms Association with .

G3 (Bethesda) 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

Molecular mapping of crown rust resistance genes is important to effectively utilize these genes and improve breeding efficiency through marker-assisted selection. is a major race-specific crown rust resistance gene initially identified in the wild hexaploid oat in the early 1970s. This gene was transferred to cultivated oat () and has been used as a differential for identification of crown rust races since 1974. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Physical activity less than the recommended amount may prevent the onset of major biological risk factors for cardiovascular disease: a cohort study of 198 919 adults.

Br J Sports Med 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

IMDEA Food Institute, CEI UAM+CSIC, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: We examined the dose-response relationship between physical activity (PA) and incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in adults in Taiwan.

Methods: This study included 1 98 919 participants, aged 18-97 years, free of CVD, cancer and diabetes at baseline (1997-2013), who were followed until 2016. At baseline, participants were classified into five PA levels: inactive' (0 metabolic equivalent of task (MET)-h/week), 'lower insufficiently active' (0. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Risk factors for childhood violence and polyvictimization: A cross-country analysis from three regions.

Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 13;88:348-361. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

UNICEF Office of Research-Innocenti, Piazza SS Annunziata 12, 50121, Florence, Italy.

Understanding risk factors is important to ending childhood violence and meeting Sustainable Development Goal 16.2. To date, no study has examined patterns of risk factors across countries comprehensively for different types of childhood violence, and there is a dearth of evidence of polyvictimization in lower- and middle-income settings. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Cancer diagnosis using nanomaterials based electrochemical nanobiosensors.

Biosens Bioelectron 2018 Nov 19;126:773-784. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Nanotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Sciences and Technology, Tehran Medical Sciences , Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Cancer is one of the most important causes of mortality in the world, which can be severely reduced by early detection to avoid future problems in the field of economics and mental health. Hence, electrochemical nanobiosensors as portable devices for rapid detection of  cancer biomarkers, have found an important place in clinical medicine for diagnosis, managements or cancer screening. Although, these biosensors have been receiving attention in the recent years, their principles are unchanged. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Adsorptive removal of patulin from apple juice via sulfhydryl-terminated magnetic bead-based separation.

J Hazard Mater 2018 Dec 3;366:413-422. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Bioengineering, Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey University, Karaman, Turkey.

Patulin is a naturally produced toxin having potential carcinogenic properties. It is mainly produced by species of Penicillium growing on fruits, especially on apples. Detoxification of patulin, therefore, is very important for providing food safety. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Bioaccumulation and morphological traits in a multi-generation test with two Daphnia species exposed to lead.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 7;219:636-644. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Biology & CESAM, University of Aveiro, 3810-193, Portugal.

Anthropic pressure negatively affects natural environments. Lead (Pb) is a non-essential highly toxic metal that is present in aquatic ecosystems. Two daphnid species from two different latitudes, the temperate Daphnia magna and the tropical Daphnia similis were used as test-organisms to evaluate a long-term Pb exposure. Read More

View Article
December 2018

In-situ forming gels containing fluorometholone-loaded polymeric nanoparticles for ocular inflammatory conditions.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2018 Nov 27;175:365-374. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Technology and Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, University of Barcelona, 08028, Barcelona, Spain; Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (IN2UB), University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Thermosensitive gels have been developed and optimized in such a way that they become gels at corneal temperature and with a viscosity that allows the adequate release of the Fluorometholone (FMT)-loaded PLGA nanoparticles (NPs) in order to improve ocular anti-inflammatory efficacy against a commercial formulation. It has been shown that gels avoid burst release of the drug in the first hours with a slow and increasing profile after administration. NPs have maintained their average size and spherical shape within the gels as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Read More

View Article
November 2018

miRNA-185 regulates retained fetal membranes of cattle by targeting STIM1.

Theriogenology 2018 Nov 27;126:166-171. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, Daqing 163319, China. Electronic address:

Retained fetal membranes (RFM) of cows is an important reproductive disturbance, and is related to miRNA-185. Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1), a potential target gene of miRNA-185, could influence placenta release via regulating Ca concentration intracellular. The aim of this study was to explore the mechanism of RFM by investigating the regulatory relationship between miRNA-185 and STIM1 in primary uterine caruncel epithelial (UCE) cells. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Bacterial cellulose production by Acetobacter xylinum ATCC 23767 using tobacco waste extract as culture medium.

Bioresour Technol 2018 Dec 10;274:518-524. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

School of Food and Biological Engineering, Henan Provincial Collaborative Innovation Center for Food Production and Safety, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Dongfeng Road 5#, Zhengzhou 450002, Henan Province, China. Electronic address:

In this study, bacterial cellulose (BC) was synthesized by Acetobacter xylinum ATCC 23767 using tobacco waste extract (TWE) as a carbon source. Nicotine was found to be an inhibitory factor for BC synthesis, but it can be removed at pH 9.0 by steam distillation. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Occurrence, diversity, and persistence of antibiotic resistant enterococci in full-scale constructed wetlands treating urban wastewater in Sicily.

Bioresour Technol 2018 Dec 8;274:468-478. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment (Di3A), University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia 100, Catania 95123, Italy.

Enterococci isolated from different sites of an urban wastewater treatment plant (consisting of three horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands) were investigated. One-hundred-thirty isolates were identified at species level and tested for resistance to eleven antibiotics, by microdilution method, and their clonal relatedness was established by SmaI-PFGE analysis. Results highlighted the persistence of enterococcal population in all effluents and the dominance of E. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Exposure to tobacco smoke during the early postnatal period modifies receptors and enzymes of the endocannabinoid system in the brainstem and striatum in mice.

Toxicol Lett 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Clinical and Toxicological Analysis, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of São Paulo, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 580, bloco 13B, 05508-000, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure during brain development has been associated with several disorders, such as depression, anxiety, sudden infant death syndrome, and the predisposition to addiction. The endocannabinoid system plays an essential role in neuronal development. We investigated the effects of early postnatal ETS exposure on the endocannabinoid system in different brain regions. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Production of biofuels and chemicals from xylose using native and engineered yeast strains.

Biotechnol Adv 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, South Korea. Electronic address:

Numerous metabolic engineering strategies have allowed yeasts to efficiently assimilate xylose, the second most abundant sugar component of lignocellulosic biomass. During the investigation of xylose utilization by yeasts, a global rewiring of metabolic networks upon xylose cultivation has been captured, as opposed to a pattern of glucose repression. A clear understanding of the xylose-induced metabolic reprogramming in yeast would shed light on the optimization of yeast-based bioprocesses to produce biofuels and chemicals using xylose. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Use of probiotics in aquaculture of China-a review of the past decade.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Sino-Norway Fish Gastrointestinal Microbiota Joint Lab, Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, PR China. Electronic address:

China is the largest aquaculture producer in the world. Antibiotics were extensively used to ensure the development of the intensive aquaculture; however, the use of antibiotics causes safety- and environment-associated problems. As an alternative strategy to antibiotics, aquatic probiotics have attracted attention. Read More

View Article
December 2018

.

Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

State Key Laboratory of Protein and Plant Gene Research, Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, School of Advanced Agriculture Sciences and School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. Electronic address:

Rice is a major cereal crop for China. The development of the "three-line" hybrid rice system based on cytoplasmic male sterility in the 1970s (first-generation) and the "two-line" hybrid rice system based on photoperiod- and thermo-sensitive genic male-sterile lines (second-generation) in the 1980s has contributed significantly to rice yield increase and food security in China. Here we describe the development and implementation of the "third-generation" hybrid rice breeding system that is based on a transgenic approach to propagate and utilize stable recessive nuclear male sterile lines, and as such, the male sterile line and hybrid rice produced using such a system is non-transgenic. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Food restriction, but not seasonality, modulates the acute phase response of a neotropical bat.

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências Universidade Estadual Paulista Julho de Mesquita Filho, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil.

Season and food intake are known to affect immune response of vertebrates yet their effects on metabolic rate have been rarely explored. We tested the effect of season and acute food restriction and their interaction on the energetic cost of immune response activation of a tropical vertebrate, the Seba's short-tailed fruit bat (Carollia perspicillata). We specifically stimulated the acute phase response (APR) with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to measure metabolic changes along with changes in body temperature (T), body mass (M), white blood cell counts and the Neutrophil/Lymphocyte ratio (N/L). Read More

View Article
December 2018

Molecular characterization and juvenile hormone-regulated transcription of the vitellogenin receptor in the cabbage beetle Colaphellus bowringi.

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Hubei Insect Resources Utilization and Sustainable Pest Management Key Laboratory, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China. Electronic address:

The vitellogenin receptor (VgR) is highly expressed in the ovaries where it is responsible for vitellogenin (Vg) deposition during oogenesis in insects. Therefore, identifying the VgR of insect pests, and understanding the mechanism regulating its expression, could lead to the development of pest management strategies based on disrupting reproduction. We cloned and identified VgR in the cabbage beetle, Colaphellus bowringi, which is a serious pest of cruciferous vegetables in Asia. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Home food availability and child intake among rural families identified to be at-risk for health disparities.

Appetite 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Food Science & Human Nutrition, Colorado State University, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Home food environments (HFE) of children impact dietary intake, though relatively few studies have focused on young children from backgrounds with socioeconomic and racial-ethnic diversity. The objective of the present study was to examine the relationship between the HFE and child dietary intake of preschool-aged children from rural and low-income, culturally diverse families.

Methods: Children (aged 2-5 years) and their primary caregivers (n = 164 parent-child dyads) participated in this study using a cross-sectional design. Read More

View Article
December 2018

A dual-process psychobiological model of temperament predicts liking and wanting for food and trait disinhibition.

Appetite 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Kelvin Grove Campus, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Victoria Park Rd, Kelvin Grove, QLD, 4059, Australia. Electronic address:

A dual-process model of temperament, incorporating the Behavioural Inhibition System (BIS), Behavioural Activation System (BAS) and effortful control (EC), may help to predict hedonic responses to palatable food and trait disinhibition.

Purpose: This study aimed to determine if the BIS, BAS and EC predicted liking and wanting for high-fat, sweet foods in adults with overweight and obesity, and if collectively, these variables predicted the eating behaviour trait of Disinhibition.

Methods: 168 adults (104 females, mean BMI = 33. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Comparative estrogenicity of endogenous, environmental and dietary estrogens in pregnant women II: Total estrogenicity calculations accounting for competitive protein and receptor binding and potency.

Food Chem Toxicol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Health Effects and Exposure Science, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, 99352, USA; Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, 93771, USA. Electronic address:

Evaluating the biological significance of human-relevant exposures to environmental estrogens involves assessing the individual and total estrogenicity of endogenous and exogenous estrogens found in serum, for example from biomonitoring studies. We developed a method for this assessment by integrating approaches for (i) measuring total hormone concentrations by mass spectrometry (Fleck et al., 2017), (ii) calculating hormone bioavailable concentrations in serum and, (iii) solving multiple equilibria between estrogenic ligands and receptors, and (iv) quantitatively describing key elements of estrogen potency. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Skim milk powder with high content of Maillard reaction products affect weight gain, organ development and intestinal inflammation in early life in rats.

Food Chem Toxicol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Sweden; Skane University Hospital, Department of Endocrinology, Lund, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: The intestinal tract is important for development of immune tolerance and disturbances are suggested to trigger autoimmune disorders. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of Maillard products in skim milk powder obtained after long storage, compared to fresh skim milk powder.

Methods: Young rats were weaned onto a diet based on skim milk powder with high concentration of Maillard products (HM-SM, n = 18) or low (C-SM, n = 18) for one week or four weeks. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Addressing the Nutritional Phenotype through Personalized Nutrition for Chronic Disease Prevention and Management.

Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Internal Medicine-Obesity Medicine, Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, USA; Internal Medicine-Primary Care, San Mateo County Health System, San Mateo, CA, USA.

The primary focus of public health recommendations related to the prevention of food-related chronic disease has been on the adoption of healthy dietary patterns; however, implementation has been challenging. There has been increasing recognition that an individual's diet and environment may impact disease susceptibility by affecting the expression of genes involved in critical metabolic pathways. Precision nutrition (PN) has emerged to translate discoveries about diversity in nutrient metabolism between subgroups and the inter-individual variability in the responses to dietary interventions. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Effects of pregnancy experience on ovarian senescence and longevity in Hatano rats bred for high- and low-avoidance learning.

Exp Gerontol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Hatano Research Institute, Food and Drug Safety Center, 729-5 Ochiai, Hadano, Kanagawa 257-8523, Japan.

We investigated the effects of pregnancy experience on ovarian senescence and longevity using two inbred strains of Hatano rats. These strains have been selectively bred for high- and low-avoidance animals (HAA and LAA, respectively), but the HAA line has a slower onset of ovarian senescence and a shorter lifespan compared with the LAA line. The onset of abnormal estrous cycles and survival curves were compared between nulliparous and parous rats in each line. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Prospective US investigational device exemption trial of a sutureless aortic bioprosthesis: One-year outcomes.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi and Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio.

Objectives: We performed a prospective, single-arm clinical trial approved under a Food and Drug Administration Investigational Device Exemption to assess safety and efficacy of Perceval, a sutureless bovine pericardial aortic valve representing the initial US experience.

Methods: From June 2013 to January 2015, 300 patients (mean age 76.7 ± 7. Read More

View Article
October 2018

"It's a Feeling That One Is Not Worth Food": A Qualitative Study Exploring the Psychosocial Experience and Academic Consequences of Food Insecurity Among College Students.

J Acad Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Background: The issue of food insecurity is one of growing concern among institutions of higher learning in the United States. In addition to studies on the prevalence and risk factors, research is needed to better understand the mechanisms by which food insecurity affects students' health and well-being.

Objective: To critically explore the experience of food insecurity among college students and its impact on psychosocial health and academic performance. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Muscle loss: The new malnutrition challenge in clinical practice.

Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Servicio de Geriatría, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal (IRYCIS), Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Recent definitions of malnutrition include low muscle mass within its diagnostic criteria. In fact, malnutrition is one of the main risk factors of skeletal muscle loss contributing to the onset of sarcopenia. However, differences in the screening and diagnosis of skeletal muscle loss, especially as a result of malnutrition in clinical and community settings, still occur mainly as techniques and thresholds used vary in clinical practice. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Neethling vaccine proved highly effective in controlling lumpy skin disease epidemics in the Balkans.

Prev Vet Med 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

European Food Safety Authority, Via Carlo Magno 1A, 43126 Parma, Italy.

Despite the wide use of the live attenuated Neethling lumpy skin disease (LSD) vaccine, only limited data existed on its efficacy and effectiveness prior to the large LSD epidemic in the Balkans, which took place during 2016-2017. In addition, analysis of risk factors for the disease was hardly performed with proper control for vaccination effects and potential differences in exposure to the virus. Data from the LSD epidemics in six Balkan countries (Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia, Montenegro, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) and Albania) affected during 2016 were analyzed to determine vaccine effectiveness (VE) and risk factors for LSD infection at the farm level. Read More

View Article
December 2018

A multi-analytical platform based on pressurized-liquid extraction, in vitro assays and liquid chromatography/gas chromatography coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry for food by-products valorisation. Part 1: Withanolides-rich fractions from goldenberry (Physalis peruviana L.) calyces obtained after extraction optimization as case study.

J Chromatogr A 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Laboratory of Foodomics, Institute of Food Science Research, CIAL, CSIC, Nicolás Cabrera 9, 28049, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

In this work, a multi-analytical platform that allows obtaining and characterizing high-added value compounds from natural sources is presented, with a huge potential in traditional medicine, natural products characterization, functional foods, etc. Namely, the proposed multi-analytical platform is based on the combination of pressurized liquid extraction (PLE), liquid chromatography (LC) and gas chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry GC-q-TOF-MS(/MS), in vitro assays and modelling tools for guiding extraction optimization. As case study, goldenberry or cape gooseberry fruit (Physalys peruviana L. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Lixisenatide enhances mitochondrial biogenesis and function through regulating the CREB/PGC-1α pathway.

Authors:
Zhen Zhao Yanhua Pu

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Cardiology, The No.4 Hospital of Jinan, 250031, Shandong, China. Electronic address:

Mitochondrial dysregulation has been associated with vascular endothelial dysfunction and pathophysiological development of cardiovascular diseases. Lixisenatide is a drug approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Little information regarding the effects of lixisenatide on mitochondrial function in endothelial cells has been reported before. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Tractor rollover fatalities, analyzing accident scenario.

J Safety Res 2018 Dec 5;67:99-106. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy.

Introduction: In many countries, traditional data sources for collecting injuries of workers covered by compulsory accident insurance have recently been integrated by new observatories whose results may differ. A comparative analysis of the Italian data collection systems related to fatal tractor accidents in agriculture was performed focusing on tractor rollover fatalities with the aim of analyzing the accident scenario.

Method: Data from the Operational Archives of the Italian Workers Compensation Authority (INAIL), which collects injuries of workers covered by compulsory accident insurance and those of the National Surveillance System (INAIL_ASL), which provides narrative text reports of work-related fatal accidents have been analyzed and compared to the information collected by the INAIL Observatory. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Medium-chain triglyceride reinforce the hepatic damage caused by fructose intake in mice.

Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2019 Jan 10;140:64-71. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Laboratory of Morphometry, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Biomedical Center, Institute of Biology, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

We aimed to investigate the effects of medium-chain triglyceride oil on the high fructose diet-provoked hepatic abnormalities in mice. We used C57bl/6 mice of 3-months-old divided into four groups for 12 weeks: control (C), control with MCT (C-MCT), fructose (F), and fructose with MCT (F-MCT). We investigated food and water intake, body mass, blood pressure, glucose tolerance, plasma and liver biochemistry, hepatic protein and gene expression. Read More

View Article
January 2019

Very low inadequate dietary intakes of essential n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in pregnant and lactating French women: The INCA2 survey.

Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2019 Jan 22;140:3-10. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

PG Consulting, 91440 Bures sur Yvette, France. Electronic address:

Background: The French National survey INCA2 pointed out that the majority of the French population (children, adolescents, adults and elderly) ingest low quantities of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) in the form of both precursor (alpha-linolenic acid, ALA) and long-chain (mainly docosahexaenoic acid, DHA). However, we don't know whether such inadequate n-3 PUFA consumption is also found again in pregnant and lactating women.

Methods: Dietary lipid and PUFA intakes were determined from 28 pregnant and 21 lactating French women by using the most recent set of national robust data on food (National Survey INCA2 performed in 2006 and 2007), and compared with that of 742 women of childbearing age. Read More

View Article
January 2019

Microwave assisted κ-carrageenan capped silver nanocomposites for eradication of bacterial biofilms.

Carbohydr Polym 2019 Feb 14;206:854-862. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Centre for Nanotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, Uttarakhand, India; Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247667, Uttarakhand, India. Electronic address:

Maturation of bacterial biofilms and their resistance to recurrent antimicrobial agents results in convoluted infectious diseases. In the current study, kappa-Carrageenan (κ-Carrageenan/CRG), was used to formulate CRG-silver nanocomposites through a facile microwave green synthesis approach. CRG-Ag nanoparticles of size 50 ± 10 nm were obtained by using CRG as a reducing and stabilizing agent. Read More

View Article
February 2019

Crosslinking of chitosan films processed by compression molding.

Carbohydr Polym 2019 Feb 22;206:820-826. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

BIOMAT research group, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering of Gipuzkoa, Plaza de Europa 1, 20018 Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain.

An alternative approach towards more sustainable chitosan films, through their manufacture by thermo-compression molding, was explore in this work. This strategy permitted the reduction of production times and avoided the use of organic solvents since biopolymer and acid were mixed in their solid form. Furthermore, the acid used as a crosslinker was citric acid, a natural policarboxylic acid, which promoted the reaction with chitosan, as shown by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). Read More

View Article
February 2019

A novel injectable in situ forming gel based on carboxymethyl hexanoyl chitosan/hyaluronic acid polymer blending for sustained release of berberine.

Carbohydr Polym 2019 Feb 19;206:664-673. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Materials and Tissue Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Taipei Medical University, Taipei City 11031, Taiwan, ROC; Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Cell Biology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan, ROC; Graduate Institute of Nanomedicine and Medical Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address:

An in situ forming gel based on simply blending carboxymethyl hexanoyl chitosan (CHC) with low molecular weight hyaluronic acid (LMW HA) was developed, without needing cross-linking, photopolymerization or thermal treatments. The CHC/LMW HA blends formed nanoparticles and then rapidly transformed into supermolecular hydrogels under stirring. The gel formation mechanism was examined by Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). Read More

View Article
February 2019
  • Page 1 of 21456