28,594 results match your criteria Food Poisoning


Epidemiology of Invasive Group B Streptococcal Infections Among Nonpregnant Adults in the United States, 2008-2016.

JAMA Intern Med 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Respiratory Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Importance: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is an important cause of invasive bacterial disease. Previous studies have shown a substantial and increasing burden of GBS infections among nonpregnant adults, particularly older adults and those with underlying medical conditions.

Objective: To update trends of invasive GBS disease among US adults using population-based surveillance data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7269DOI Listing
February 2019

Electrochemical Biochip Assays Based on Anti-idiotypic Antibodies for Rapid and Automated On-Site Detection of Low Molecular Weight Toxins.

Front Chem 2019 1;7:31. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Bruker Daltonik GmbH, Leipzig, Germany.

Phycotoxins and mycotoxins, such as paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins, type A trichothecenes, and aflatoxins are among the most toxic low molecular weight toxins associated with human poisoning incidents through the consumption of naturally contaminated food. Therefore, there is an utmost need for rapid and sensitive on-site detection systems. Herein, an electrochemical biochip for fast detection of saxitoxin, T-2 toxin as well as aflatoxin M1 and their corresponding congeners, respectively, using a portable and fully automated detection platform (pBDi, portable BioDetector integrated) was developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2019.00031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367258PMC
February 2019

Immunocompromised patients with pulmonary tuberculosis; a susceptible group to intestinal parasites.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2018 ;11(Suppl 1):S134-S139

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: To investigate the presence of intestinal parasites in tuberculosis patients who suffered from immunodeficiency disorders.

Background: Tuberculosis is an important infectious disease that is endemic in some regions of Iran. However, there is a coverage in the endemicity areas of this infection with intestinal parasites. Read More

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January 2018

Metabolic analysis of acute appendicitis by using system biology approach.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2018 ;11(Suppl 1):S92-S97

Imam Hossein Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: Introducing possible suitable compound as diagnostic agent in appendicitis is aim of this investigation.

Background: Appendicitis diagnosis is a difficult step in treatment of disease due to complex abdominal pain signal which may be refer to the non-appendicitis pain.

Methods: Gene expression profiles of children with non-preforated appendicitis in comparison with the samples with non- appendicitis abdominal pain are analysis via protein - protein interaction (PPI) and the critical compounds are introduced by STITCH. Read More

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January 2018

Insulin dysregulation plays a critical role in colon inflammation: a bioinformatics approach.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2018 ;11(Suppl 1):S85-S91

Modarres Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: Evaluating and screening of genes related to colorectal inflammation of mice for finding critical ones in this disease was the aim of this study.

Background: Many studies are shown direct relationship between inflammation and colorectal cancer onset and development. Several molecular aspects of inflammation are investigated to discover molecular mechanism of this disease. Read More

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January 2018

Barrett's esophagus transits to a cancer condition via potential biomarkers.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2018 ;11(Suppl 1):S80-S84

Foodborne and Waterborne Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: In this study, the transcriptome profile of Barrett's esophagus (BE) was examined for identification potential related biomarkers in view of interacting charactering.

Background: Since BE is known as a precursor of esophageal cancer, the molecular studies of this condition could be essential.

Methods: Gene expression data of BE in comparison with normal cases, GSE34619 was retrieved from Gene Expression Omnibus. Read More

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January 2018

Variants in two gene members of the TNF ligand superfamily and hepatitis C virus chronic disease.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2018 ;11(Suppl 1):S66-S72

Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: To assess the possible correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of two members of TNF ligand superfamily genes, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and lymphotoxin-α (LTA), and HCV chronic disease.

Background: The causes of disease progression from hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection to chronic liver disease still remains unclear. Abnormal production of the cytokines alleged to be contributed to progression of the disease or viral persistence. Read More

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January 2018

Evaluation of IL-12A, IL-12B, IL-23A and IL-27 mRNA expression level genes in peripheral mononuclear cells of inflammatory bowel disease patients in an Iranian population.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2018 ;11(Suppl 1):S45-S52

Basic and Molecular Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: Aim of this study was to compare the gene expression of Interleukin 12 members in two phase of IBD.

Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a well-known gastrointestinal disorder in the world that fluctuates between remission and flare-up phases. Each of these phases has an individual immune system response profile. Read More

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January 2018

Determining the degree of adherence to treatment in inflammatory bowel disease patients.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2018 ;11(Suppl 1):S39-S44

Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: Since the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a disorder which requires continuous drug intake to induce and maintain the remission phase, finding the barriers for low adherent group, may improve the disease phase and quality of life in those patients.

Background: IBD is defined as a chronic immune disorder with unpredictable flares. The common treatment of these diseases can be effective for inducing and maintaining remission courses. Read More

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January 2018

The high frequency of esophageal disorders in Iranian patients with non-cardiac chest pain.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2018 ;11(Suppl 1):S32-S38

Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of gastrointestinal disorders in non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP) Iranian patients.

Background: Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common cause of NCCP, which accounts for about one third of cases.

Methods: This was a descriptive study on consecutive NCCP patients who referred to the gastroenterology clinic at the Taleghani Hospital, Tehran, Iran from 2015 to 2017. Read More

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January 2018

Sensitive assay of Escherichia coli in food samples by microchip capillary electrophoresis based on specific aptamer binding strategy.

Talanta 2019 May 11;197:284-290. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China Normal University, 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200241, China. Electronic address:

The rapid and cost-effective detection of bacteria is of great importance to ensuring food safety, preventing food poisoning. Herein, we developed a sensitive detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) using bacteria-specific aptamer in conjunction with microchip capillary electrophoresis-coupled laser-induced fluorescence (MCE-LIF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2019.01.040DOI Listing

Antimicrobial Resistance and Virulence Gene Profiles Among Escherichia coli Isolates from Retail Chicken Carcasses in Vietnam.

Foodborne Pathog Dis 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1 Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, Canada.

This study evaluated virulence and resistance profiles of Escherichia coli in chicken carcasses from three retail systems in Vietnam. Fresh chicken carcasses from traditional markets and fresh and frozen chicken carcasses from supermarkets were sampled in Vietnam. E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2018.2555DOI Listing
February 2019

A retrospective cohort study on cassava food poisoning, Santa Cruz, Davao del Sur, Philippines, October 2015.

Western Pac Surveill Response J 2018 Oct-Dec;9(4):7-11. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Health, Philippines.

Objective: On 2 October 2015, the Event-Based Surveillance and Response Unit of the Department of Health (DOH), Philippines received a report of foodborne illness cases in Santa Cruz, Davao del Sur. A team from DOH was sent to conduct an investigation to identify the implicated source and determine risk factors.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was done. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5365/wpsar.2017.8.1.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356042PMC
October 2018

A Practical ELISA for Azaspiracids in Shellfish via Development of a New Plate-Coating Antigen.

J Agric Food Chem 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Norwegian Veterinary Institute , P.O. Box 750 Sentrum, N-0106 Oslo , Norway.

Azaspiracids (AZAs) are a group of biotoxins that appear periodically in shellfish and can cause food poisoning in humans. Current methods for quantifying the regulated AZAs are restricted to LC-MS but are not well suited to detecting novel and unregulated AZAs. An ELISA method for total AZAs in shellfish was reported recently, but unfortunately, it used relatively large amounts of the AZA-1-containing plate-coating conjugate, consuming significant amounts of pure AZA-1 per assay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.8b05652DOI Listing
February 2019

Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oil of DC (Asteraceae) Aerial Parts at Flowering Period.

Front Plant Sci 2019 29;10:27. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Graduate Program in Biotechnology Applied to Agriculture, Chemistry Laboratory of Natural Products, Paranaense University, Umuarama, Brazil.

DC (Asteraceae) is a Brazilian native bush tree, and its leaf essential oil has been reported to possess some biological activities, but the antimicrobial activity of its aerial part essential oil at the flowering period is unknown or little studied, mainly against agents that cause foodborne diseases. Thus, this study aimed to determine the chemical composition and evaluate the antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of aerial part at flowering period. This essential oil was obtained by hydro distillation and its chemical composition was determined by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361755PMC
January 2019

ACETIC ACID REMEDIATION OF ANTHROPOGENIC CONTAMINATION OF WATER AT THE GBNERR IN MISSISSIPPI.

Biomed Sci Instrum 2018 Apr;54(1):309-316

Department of Biology, Jackson State University, Box 18540, Jackson, MS 39217, USA.

Grand Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve (GBNERR) is an important ecosystem in the Mississippi Gulf Coast. The GBNERR may be a potential source for contamination with anthropogenic bacterial pathogens that may play a significant role in the causation of waterborne human diseases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the interaction of physicochemical and microbiological water quality parameters at the GBNERR to determine quantitative levels and establish the potential for remediation of post-contamination of water and seafood by human fecal pollution from anthropogenic sources at the reserve. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369911PMC

Insights into the Unique Nature of the East Asian Clade of the Emerging Pathogenic Yeast, .

J Clin Microbiol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Mycotic Diseases Branch, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

The emerging yeast can be highly drug resistant, cause invasive infections, and large outbreaks. went from an unknown pathogen a decade ago to being reported in over thirty countries on six continents. consists of four discrete clades, based on where the first isolates of the clade were reported: South Asian (Clade I), East Asian (Clade II), African (Clade III), and South American (Clade IV). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00007-19DOI Listing
February 2019

Prevalence of Francisella tularensis in Dermacentor variabilis Ticks, Minnesota, 2017.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

1 Foodborne, Waterborne, Vectorborne, and Zoonotic Diseases Section, Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Introduction: The prevalence of Francisella tularensis in Minnesota ticks is unknown. Ticks collected at seven sites were tested to determine the infection prevalence of F. tularensis in Dermacentor variabilis in Minnesota. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2018.2388DOI Listing
February 2019

The usefulness of non-contrast abdominal computed tomography for detection of residual drugs in the stomach of patients with acute drug overdose.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2019 Feb 13:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

a Department of Emergency Medicine , Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine , Wonju , Republic of Korea.

Objectives: If clinicians can know that there are many life-threatening drugs left in the stomach through a non-invasive method over 60 min after drugs ingestion, it may be preferable to minimize absorption of remnant drugs through various methods according to the characteristic of the drug. Computed tomography (CT) has gained wide acceptance in the detection of drug mules. Therefore, we evaluated the prevalence of drugs in the gastric lumen using abdominal non-contrast CT, performed over 60 min after acute drug poisoning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15563650.2018.1542702DOI Listing
February 2019

Investing in antibiotics to alleviate future catastrophic outcomes: What is the value of having an effective antibiotic to mitigate pandemic influenza?

Health Econ 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Management Science, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK.

Over 95% of post-mortem samples from the 1918 pandemic, which caused 50 to 100 million deaths, showed bacterial infection complications. The introduction of antibiotics in the 1940s has since reduced the risk of bacterial infections, but growing resistance to antibiotics could increase the toll from future influenza pandemics if secondary bacterial infections are as serious as in 1918, or even if they are less severe. We develop a valuation model of the option to withhold wide use of an antibiotic until significant outbreaks such as pandemic influenza or foodborne diseases are identified. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/hec.3867
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hec.3867DOI Listing
February 2019
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Phenylacetonitrile in locusts facilitates an antipredator defense by acting as an olfactory aposematic signal and cyanide precursor.

Sci Adv 2019 Jan 23;5(1):eaav5495. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, P. R. China.

Many aggregating animals use aposematic signals to advertise their toxicity to predators. However, the coordination between aposematic signals and toxins is poorly understood. Here, we reveal that phenylacetonitrile (PAN) acts as an olfactory aposematic signal and precursor of hypertoxic hydrogen cyanide (HCN) to protect gregarious locusts from predation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aav5495DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357733PMC
January 2019
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Impact of Biogenic Amines on Food Quality and Safety.

Foods 2019 Feb 8;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Products, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition, ICTAN-CSIC, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Today, food safety and quality are some of the main concerns of consumer and health agencies around the world. Our current lifestyle and market globalization have led to an increase in the number of people affected by food poisoning. Foodborne illness and food poisoning have different origins (bacteria, virus, parasites, mold, contaminants, etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods8020062DOI Listing
February 2019

Computational prediction of the bioactivity potential of proteomes based on expert knowledge.

J Biomed Inform 2019 Feb 7:103121. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

ESEI: Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Informática, University of Vigo, Edificio Politécnico, Campus Universitario As Lagoas s/n 32004, Ourense, Spain; CINBIO - Centro de Investigaciones Biomédicas, University of Vigo, Campus Universitario Lagoas-Marcosende, 36310, Vigo, Spain; SING Research Group, Galicia Sur Health Research Institute (IIS Galicia Sur), SERGAS-UVIGO, Hospital Álvaro Cunqueiro 36312 Vigo, Spain; CEB - Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal. Electronic address:

Advances in the field of genome sequencing have enabled a comprehensive analysis and annotation of the dynamics of the protein inventory of cells. This has been proven particularly rewarding for microbial cells, for which the majority of proteins are already accessible to analysis through automatic metagenome annotation. The large-scale in silico screening of proteomes and metaproteomes is key to uncover bioactivities of translational, clinical and biotechnological interest, and to help assign functions to certain proteins, such as those predicted as hypothetical. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2019.103121DOI Listing
February 2019

Quantitative Risk Assessment Model of Human Salmonellosis Resulting from Consumption of Broiler Chicken.

Diseases 2019 Feb 7;7(1). Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Biology/Environmental Science, College of Science, Engineering and Technology, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS 39217, USA.

(1) Background: infections are a major cause of illnesses in the United States. Each year around 450 people die from the disease and more than 23,000 people are hospitalized. outbreaks are commonly associated with eggs, meat and poultry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diseases7010019DOI Listing
February 2019
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Differences Among Incidence Rates of Invasive Listeriosis in the U.S. FoodNet Population by Age, Sex, Race/Ethnicity, and Pregnancy Status, 2008-2016.

Foodborne Pathog Dis 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

1 Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, College Park, Maryland.

Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that disproportionally affects pregnant females, older adults, and immunocompromised individuals. Using U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2018.2548DOI Listing
February 2019

Acute lead arsenate poisoning in beef cattle in Uruguay.

J Vet Diagn Invest 2019 Feb 8:1040638719831413. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria (INIA), Plataforma de Investigación en Salud Animal, Estación Experimental INIA La Estanzuela, Colonia, Uruguay (Schild, Giannitti, da Silva Silveira, Caffarena, Riet-Correa).

We describe and illustrate lesions in an outbreak of lead arsenate poisoning in beef cattle that ingested pesticide residues stored in an abandoned building of a former orange orchard. Of 70 exposed cattle, 14 had diarrhea, paresis, ataxia, recumbency, and/or seizures. Ten of the affected animals died after a clinical course of 12-18 h. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1040638719831413DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Fast Simultaneous Determination of Eight Sudan Dyes in Chili Oil by Ultra-High-Performance Supercritical Fluid Chromatography.

J Anal Methods Chem 2019 10;2019:3731028. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnostic and Traceability Technologies for Food Poisoning, Beijing Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Beijing 100013, China.

A rapid and simple ultra-high-performance supercritical fluid chromatography (UHPSFC) with photodiode array (PDA) method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of eight Sudan dyes in chili oil. In particular, a pair of isomer, Sudan red B and Sudan IV, was included in the analysis. After being diluted with dichloromethane, the analytes were separated on an Acquity UPC HSS C18 SB column with gradient elution using CO as the mobile phase and acetonitrile/methanol (v/v, 45/55, containing 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3731028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348864PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Predictive Model for Growth of Bacillus cereus at Temperatures Applicable to Cooling of Cooked Pasta.

J Food Sci 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service,, Office of Public Health Science, Science Staff, 530 Center Street, NE, Suite 401, Salem, OR, 97301, USA.

A model was developed to predict the growth of Bacillus cereus from spores during cooling of cooked pasta. Cooked pasta was inoculated with a cocktail of four strains of heat-shocked (80 °C/10 min) B. cereus spores to obtain a final spore concentration of approximately 2 log CFU/g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.14448DOI Listing
February 2019

New Insight of Apparently Healthy Animals as a Potential Reservoir for : A Public Health Implication.

J Vet Res 2018 Dec 31;62(4):457-462. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Veterinary Hygiene and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, 12211, Cairo, Egypt.

Introduction: is commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract of animals and humans and continues to cause one of the most prevalent foodborne diseases in man.

Material And Methods: A total of 355 samples were examined for the occurrence of : rectal swabs from cattle, sheep, and goats, fresh stool samples from diarrhoea sufferers having been in contact with these animals, irrigation water and soil samples from the husbandry sites, and pre-harvesting fresh produce from farms irrigated with the sampled water. All samples were collected from Cairo and Giza governorates, Egypt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/jvetres-2018-0073DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364162PMC
December 2018

A foodborne outbreak of gastroenteritis caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus associated with cross-contamination from squid in Korea.

Authors:
Sun-Wha Jung

Epidemiol Health 2018 13;40:e2018056. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Environmental Health Division, Seoul Metropolitan Government, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: Water-borne diseases caused by Vibrio parahemolyticus are often known to cause gastritis when raw or undercooked seafood is eaten. It is very rare that Vibrio gastritis caused by ingesting non-seafood products occurs on a large scale. On September 19, 2017, a large-scale Vibrio gastritis occurred after the city residents consumed food at a bazaar held in a welfare center in Jungnang-gu, Seoul. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2018056DOI Listing
February 2019

[Knowledge and application in hygienic practices in food preparation and self-report of food poisoning in Chilean homes].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2018 ;35(5):483-489

Escuela de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Ciencias para el Cuidado de la Salud, Universidad San Sebastián, Chile.

Background: Foodborne diseases in the home are considered a problem at the national level, however, there is little information about household handling habits.

Aim: To Identify the hygienic practices of people who prepare food at home and self-reporting food intoxication in Chilean homes.

Material And Methods: A survey with 15 questions was made in google docs, containing questions about food handling practices and self-reporting food intoxication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0716-10182018000500483DOI Listing
January 2018

Inhibitory effect of Athelia rolfsii exopolysaccharides on organ damage in lead-exposed Kunming strain mice.

Food Funct 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

College of Food Science and Engineering, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, Jilin, P. R. China.

Herein, Athelia rolfsii exopolysaccharides (AEPS) were used to alleviate organ damage in lead-exposed mice. Analysis of the body weight growth rate and visceral index revealed that AEPS maintained the normal body weight growth rates in lead-exposed mice. Biochemical indicators (T-SOD, CAT, MDA) in serum revealed that AEPS increased the activity of T-SOD in the serum of lead-exposed mice. Read More

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http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=C8FO02558D
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8fo02558dDOI Listing
February 2019
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Development and Application of Immunoaffinity Column Purification and Ultrahigh Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry for Determination of Domoic Acid in Shellfish.

Toxins (Basel) 2019 Feb 1;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Jiangsu Meizheng Biotechnology Company Limited, Wuxi 214135, Jiangsu, China.

Domoic acid (DA) is a neurotoxin associated with amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP). Though LC coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has become the preferred method for DA determination, traditional sample pretreatment is still labor-intensive. In this study, a simple, efficient and selective method for LC-MS/MS analysis of DA in shellfish was established by optimizing clean-up procedures on a self-assembly immunoaffinity column (IAC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins11020083DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of cold storage and different ions on the thermal resistance of B. cereus NZAS01 spores- analysis of differential gene expression and ion exchange.

Food Res Int 2019 Feb 27;116:578-585. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Department of Food Science, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand; New Zealand Food Safety Science Research Centre, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Bacillus cereus spores in food are able to survive pasteurization, and if conditions are favourable, subsequently germinate, grow and produce toxins causing food poisoning. The objectives of this study were to firstly determine the impact of cold storage and ion uptake on the thermal resistance of B. cereus spores and secondly to use differential gene expression to help elucidate possible molecular mechanisms for the changes detected in their thermal resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2018.08.076DOI Listing
February 2019

Food safety knowledge, attitudes and practices among consumers in developing countries: An international survey.

Food Res Int 2019 Feb 11;116:1386-1390. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Behbahan Khatam Alanbia University of Technology, Behbahan, Iran.

An international survey among consumers in developing countries from Asia and Africa on food safety knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) was carried out using structured questionnaires. Data were collected from 453 consumers comprising 265 from Africa and 188 from Asia. Significant difference (p < 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2018.10.030DOI Listing
February 2019

Food safety knowledge as gateway to cognitive illusions of food handlers and the different degrees of risk perception.

Food Res Int 2019 Feb 26;116:126-134. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Centro de Desenvolvimento do Ensino Superior em Saúde, Pedro de Toledo Street, 859, Vila Clementino, 04039-032 São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Restaurant workers, whether aware of this or not, may be responsible for spreading Foodborne Diseases (FBD) to consumers. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how the knowledge of the risk of FBD can become a gateway to risk perception and cognitive illusions, and how the habitus acts in guiding work practices. The research uses a mixed-methods design with qualitative approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2018.12.058DOI Listing
February 2019

Four recent ciguatera fish poisoning incidents in New South Wales, Australia linked to imported fish

Commun Dis Intell (2018) 2019 02 1;43. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Manager NSW Shellfish Program NSW Food Authority, 6 Avenue of the Americas, Newington, NSW 2127, Australia

Between 2015 and 2017, the NSW Food Authority investigated 4 ciguatera fish poisoning incidents linked to fish caught in tropical Australian and international waters and imported to New South Wales. Three of the implicated fish were caught near the Capel Bank Seamount, part of the Lord Howe Island Seamount Chain off the coast of Queensland. The fourth incident, in 2017, involved a fish caught between Cooktown and Lizard island, also off the Queensland coast. Read More

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February 2019

Distinct evolutionary origins of common multi-drug resistance phenotypes in Salmonella typhimurium DT104: a convergent process for adaptation under stress.

Mol Genet Genomics 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Systemomics Center, College of Pharmacy, and Genomics Research Center, Harbin Medical University, 157 Baojian Road, Harbin, 150081, China.

Antimicrobial resistance makes pathogenic bacteria hard to control, but little is known about the general processes of resistance gain or loss. Here, we compared distinct S. typhimurium DT104 strains resistant to zero, two, five, or more of the tested antimicrobials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00438-019-01531-5DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Sensitive and rapid visual detection of Salmonella Typhimurium in milk based on recombinase polymerase amplification with lateral flow dipsticks.

J Microbiol Methods 2019 Jan 29;158:25-32. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

School of Food and Bioengineering, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450000, Henan Province, China.

Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) can cause serious foodborne diseases. In this study, an assay combining recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) with lateral flow dipsticks (LFD) was developed to detect S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2019.01.018DOI Listing
January 2019
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PCR-based method for serotyping: International Multicenter Validation.

J Clin Microbiol 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Institute for Communicable Diseases Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, P.O. Box 5, Changping, Beijing, China

is a leading cause of human diarrheal disease worldwide with being the most frequently isolated in developing countries. This serogroup is presently classified into 19 serotypes worldwide. We report here a Multicenter Validation of a Multiplex PCR based-strategy previously developed by Sun et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01592-18DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Whole-genome sequencing of the rare Salmonella enterica serovar Anfo isolated from food handlers.

J Med Microbiol 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

3​Department of Laboratory Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore.

Field investigations were conducted after a small cluster of food poisoning involving six cases was reported. While no stool samples were available from the cases for microbiological testing, Salmonella species was found to be present in the stools of food handlers with gastroenteritis symptoms. Four Salmonella isolates recovered from the food handlers were retrospectively investigated at the genome level using whole-genome sequencing (WGS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.000934DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Transforming a cookbook undergraduate microbiology laboratory to inquiry based using a semester-long PBL case study.

Adv Physiol Educ 2019 Mar;43(1):82-92

Department of Life and Health Sciences, University of Nicosia , Nicosia , Cyprus.

Microbial physiology is a basic course taught throughout biomedical science disciplines. Students study the structure, growth, and metabolism of microorganisms and often find it difficult to learn the information, usually because they fail to see the wider applications. The current microbiology laboratory series describes how to transform a "cookbook" undergraduate laboratory to an inquiry-based one by incorporating problem-based learning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/advan.00167.2018DOI Listing

Electrochemiluminescent functional nucleic acids-based sensors for food analysis.

Luminescence 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Analysis and Detection for Food Safety, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Analysis and Detection for Food Safety, Department of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian, P. R. China.

Foodborne contaminants widely exist in foods, which can lead to various foodborne diseases and food safety issues. The development of quick, sensitive and universal analytical approaches for foodborne contaminants is imperative. Electrochemiluminescent functional nucleic acids (ECL FNAs)-based sensors are a series of sensing devices using FNAs as the recognition elements and ECL as the transducer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bio.3596DOI Listing
January 2019
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Molecular Characterization and Toxin Profiles of Bacillus spp. Isolated from Retail Fish and Ground Beef.

J Food Sci 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Dept. of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Univ., Gölköy, Bolu, 14030, Turkey.

Bacillus species are common in the environment due to their spore-forming ability and nutritional versatility and cause food contamination. Bacilli play a significant role in foodborne illnesses and food spoilage. In this study, 52 Bacillus isolates from retail fish and ground beef were identified and differentiated based on 16S rRNA, gyrB, and rpoB gene sequencing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.14445DOI Listing
January 2019

Development of low matrix effects method for the analysis of bisphenol A and bisphenol S in aquatic products by immunoaffinity purification.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2019 Jan 22;1109:19-24. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnostic and Traceability Technologies for Food Poisoning, Beijing Center for Disease Prevention and Control, 100013, China. Electronic address:

In this study, a high sensitive and reproducible method based on immunoaffinity cleanup followed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry has been developed for the simultaneous determination bisphenol A (BPA) and bisphenol S (BPS) in aquatic products. The immunoaffinity column was prepared by coupling N-Hydroxysuccinimide-activated Sepharose 4B gel with monoclonal antibodies of BPA and BPS, which can selectively recognize the target analytes to achieve a low matrix interference. The matrix effects of different aquatic products were all less than ±10%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2019.01.012DOI Listing
January 2019

Aporphinoid alkaloids as antimicrobial agents against Yersinia enterocolitica.

Lett Appl Microbiol 2019 Jan 27. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

Instituto de Investigación en Tecnología Química- Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (INTEQUI- CONICET), Almirante Brown 1455, San Luis, P.O. 5700, Argentina.

Foodborne diseases have become a health issue worldwide, mainly due to the consumption of contaminated foods that are either raw, improperly heat treated or crosscontaminated after adequate heat treatment foods. A group of alkaloids extracted from plants were tested to evaluate their antimicrobial effect against different strains of Yersinia enterocolitica and other foodborne bacteria. The results obtained reveal that oliveridine and pachypodanthine inhibited Y. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/lam.13120DOI Listing
January 2019

Avian Intestinal Mucus Modulates Gene Expression in a Host-Specific Manner.

Front Microbiol 2018 7;9:3215. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Food Safety and Enteric Pathogens Research Unit, United States Department of Agriculture, National Animal Disease Center, Agricultural Research Service, Ames, IA, United States.

is a leading cause of bacterial foodborne illness in humans worldwide. However, naturally colonizes poultry without causing pathology where it resides deep within mucus of the cecal crypts. Mucus may modulate the pathogenicity of in a species-specific manner, where it is pathogenic in humans and asymptomatic in poultry. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2018.03215
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2018.03215DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6338021PMC
January 2019
11 Reads
3.941 Impact Factor

Wild banana [Ensete superbum (Roxb.) Cheesman.]: Ethnomedicinal, phytochemical and pharmacological overview.

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 Apr 25;233:218-233. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

National Innovation Foundation-India (Autonomous Body of Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India), Grambharti, Amarapur, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382650, India. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Ensete superbum (Roxb.) Cheesman. (Family: Musaceae), commonly known as "Wild Banana" is well recorded as popular ethnomedicine for medicinal and nutritional uses by different people and communities native to India, Ethiopia, Thailand, Myanmar and Vietnam. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03788741183297
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2018.12.048DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Altered fecal bacterial composition correlates with disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease and the extent of IL8 induction.

Curr Res Transl Med 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Basic and Molecular Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose Of The Study: In this study we investigated the presence and relative abundance of important genera of the gut microbiota in IBD patients and their role in induction of IL8 in a cell culture model.

Patients And Methods: Stool samples of IBD patients and healthy controls were collected and relative diversity of thirteen bacterial families was measured using quantitative real-time PCR assay. Moreover, filtrate of the stool samples was used for treatment of HT-29 cell line to analyze involvement of diversity of the fecal bacterial communities in the extent of IL8 induction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.retram.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019

Identification and Spoilage Potential of the Remaining Dominant Microbiota on Food Contact Surfaces after Cleaning and Disinfection in Different Food Industries.

J Food Prot 2019 Feb;82(2):262-275

1 Flanders Research Institute for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Technology and Food Science Unit, Brusselsesteenweg 370, 9090 Melle, Belgium.

After cleaning and disinfection (C&D), surface contamination can still be present in the production environment of food companies. Microbiological contamination on cleaned surfaces can be transferred to the manufactured food and consequently lead to foodborne illness and early food spoilage. However, knowledge about the microbiological composition of residual contamination after C&D and the effect of this contamination on food spoilage is lacking in various food sectors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-18-226DOI Listing
February 2019