30,420 results match your criteria Food Poisoning


Cardioprotective activity of ethanolic extract of Echinophora cinerea against aluminum phosphide poisoning in rats.

J Food Biochem 2020 Jun 1:e13300. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Physiology, Tabriz Faculty of Medical Science, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Rice tablet, also known as aluminum phosphide (ALP), is a nonorganic material used as an insecticide and rodenticide in the storage and transportation of grains. Phosphine gas, released from the chemical material, in contact with humidity and weak acid, can induce poisoning and death. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of ethanol extract of Echinophora cinerea leaves on ALP poisoning in heart in rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfbc.13300DOI Listing

Integrated gold superparticles into lateral flow immunoassays for the rapid and sensitive detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in milk.

J Dairy Sci 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, P. R. China; School of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, P. R. China; Jiangxi-OAI Joint Research Institute, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, P. R. China.

Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a common harmful foodborne pathogen that can cause severe diseases at low infectious doses. Traditional lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) for the rapid screening of E. coli O157:H7 in food suffers from low sensitivity due to its dependence on 20- to 40-nm gold nanoparticles (AuNP) with insufficient brightness as labels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2019-17934DOI Listing

16S rRNA-functionalized multi-HCR concatemers in a signal amplification nanostructure for visual detection of Salmonella.

Biotechnol Appl Biochem 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Institute of Military Veterinary, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Changchun, 130122, China.

To prevent foodborne diseases and minimize their impacts, it is extremely important to develop a cost-effective and efficient bacterial detection assay for diagnostics, particularly in resource-poor settings. In this study, 16S rRNA from foodborne Salmonella was coupled with multiple HCR (hybridization chain reaction) concatemers and functionalized in a signal structure for lateral flow nucleic acid biosensor (LFNAB) detection. The 16S rRNA was incubated with two specific capture probes and multiple helper probes carrying the same initiator, to unwind its secondary structure and form an "initiators-on-a-string" complex. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bab.1962DOI Listing

Isolated from a Pristine Natural Geothermal Area Reveals High Keratinolytic Activity.

Microorganisms 2020 May 26;8(6). Epub 2020 May 26.

CINDEFI (CCT La Plata-CONICET, UNLP), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Calle 47 y 115, (B1900ASH) La Plata 1900, Argentina.

Geothermal areas are the niches of a rich microbial diversity that is not only part of the intangible patrimony of a country but also the source of many microbial species with potential biotechnological applications. Particularly, microbial species in geothermal areas in Argentina have been scarcely explored regarding their possible biotechnological uses. The purpose of this work was to explore the proteolytic and keratinolytic enzymatic potential of microorganisms that inhabit in the Domuyo geothermal area in the Neuquén Province. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8060796DOI Listing

Weissella confusa DD_A7 pre-treatment to zebrafish larvae ameliorates the inflammation response against Escherichia coli O157:H7.

Microbiol Res 2020 May 11;237:126489. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Biotechnology, College of Engineering, Daegu University, Jillyang, Naeri-ri, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk, 38453, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Increasing multidrug-resistant pathogenic bacterial contamination in the environment has become the leading cause of food poisoning, resulting in life-threatening conditions due to late detection and limited therapeutic options. Escherichia coli O157:H7 is one such pathogen which is severely affecting the environmental livestock and ultimately leads to human infection. In this context, probiotics could be a useful strategy to minimize the growth of pathogens, as they produce several antimicrobial compounds and shows an exclusive competitive behavior against the pathogens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2020.126489DOI Listing

Search for substances that inhibit histamine production using used tea leaves.

J Food Prot 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Suzuka university of medical science 1001-1 Kishioka JAPAN Suzuka 510-0293 (+81)-59-383-9208.

As food waste has become a major problem in recent years, measures against food loss have become an urgent issue. When manufacturing or making green tea beverages, large quantities of tea leaves are subsequently disposed of, which results in potential food loss. Moreover, since many of the tea components remain in the used tea leaves, these continue to have value as these leaves exhibit antibacterial action. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/JFP-19-564DOI Listing

Persistent Asymptomatic Human Infections by Salmonella enterica Serovar Newport in China.

mSphere 2020 May 27;5(3). Epub 2020 May 27.

CATG Microbiology & Food Safety Laboratory, Institute of Preventive Veterinary Science & Department of Veterinary Medicine, Zhejiang University College of Animal Sciences, Hangzhou, China

serovar Newport ( Newport) infections are gradually on the rise in China from the last decade. For humans' infections, Newport has been ranked among the top five serovars responsible for persistent infections, globally. A total of 290 Newport strains with their relevant clinical metadata were analyzed, and the strains were subjected to whole-genome sequence analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/mSphere.00163-20DOI Listing

[A review on the monograph of N.R. Efimochkina «Bacterial food pathogens of the genus »].

Vopr Pitan 2020;89(2):122-126. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov, 191015, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation.

In the presented review of the book N.R. Efimochkina "Bacterial food pathogens of the Campylobacter genus" (Moscow, 2019) attention is drawn to the safety of food products and food raw materials, especially poultry products for consumers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24411/0042-8833-2020-10023DOI Listing

Selected Metabolites Profiling of Following Exposure to Low Temperature and Elevated Sodium Chloride.

Front Microbiol 2020 8;11:834. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Ha'il, Hail, Saudi Arabia.

is one of the main foodborne pathogens that can cause food poisoning. Due to this reason, one of the essential aspects of food safety focuses on bacterial adaptation and proliferation under preservative conditions. This study was aimed to determine the metabolic changes that can occur following the exposure of to either low temperature conditions or elevated concentrations of sodium chloride (NaCl). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.00834DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225588PMC

Polyvalent Phage CoNShP-3 as a Natural Antimicrobial Agent Showing Lytic and Antibiofilm Activities against Antibiotic-Resistant Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci Strains.

Foods 2020 May 23;9(5). Epub 2020 May 23.

Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, 11884 Cairo, Egypt.

Synthetic antimicrobials have a negative impact on food quality and consumer health, which is why natural antimicrobials are urgently needed. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) has gained considerable importance for food poisoning and infection in humans and animals, particularly in biofilms. As a result, this study was conducted to control the CoNS isolated from food samples in Egypt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods9050673DOI Listing

Human Botulism in France, 1875-2016.

Toxins (Basel) 2020 May 21;12(5). Epub 2020 May 21.

Bacterial Toxins, Institut Pasteur, 75015 Paris, France.

Botulism is a rare but severe disease which is characterized by paralysis and inhibition of secretions. Only a few cases had been reported at the end of the 19th century in France. The disease was frequent during the second world war, and then the incidence decreased progressively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins12050338DOI Listing

Patterns, Associated Factors, and Clinical Outcomes of Poisoning among Poisoning Cases Presented to Selected Hospitals in Western Ethiopia: Hospital-Based Study.

Emerg Med Int 2020 6;2020:5741692. Epub 2020 May 6.

Wollega University, College of Health Science, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Nekemte, Ethiopia.

Results: The broad types of poisoning were identified in about 193 (91.47%) cases of poisoning in this study. Pesticides exposure and food poisoning have, respectively, contributed for 32. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5741692DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225863PMC

Homogeneous fluorescent immunoassay for the simultaneous detection of chloramphenicol and amantadine via the duplex FRET between carbon dots and WS nanosheets.

Food Chem 2020 May 20;327:127107. Epub 2020 May 20.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address:

Herein, we proposed a duplex and homogeneous fluorescent immunoassay for the simultaneous detection of amantadine (AMD) and chloramphenicol (CAP) residue in chicken breast with both high sensitivity and short assay time. The immunoassay was based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between hapten-labeled carbon dots (CDs) and antibody-modified WS nanosheets. To achieve the duplex FRET, polyethyleneimine-functionalized blue and green emissive CDs with separated emission were synthesized via a one-pot hydrothermal method and directly coupled with the haptens of AMD and CAP, serving as the energy donors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.127107DOI Listing

Situated food safety behavior.

Appetite 2020 May 23:104751. Epub 2020 May 23.

NMBU, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway; University of Zürich, Switzerland.

Previous studies indicate that many consumers eat rare hamburgers and that information about microbiological hazards related to undercooked meat does not necessarily lead to changed behavior. With this study we aim to investigate whether consumers' willingness to eat hamburgers, both risky and safe, depends on the situation where they are confronted with the food. A representative sample of 1046 Norwegian consumers participated in a web experiment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104751DOI Listing

Performance of two serodiagnostic tests for loiasis in a Non-Endemic area.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2020 May 26;14(5):e0008187. Epub 2020 May 26.

IRCCS Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, Center for Tropical Diseases, Negrar, Verona, Italy.

Loiasis, caused by the filarial nematode Loa loa, is endemic in Central and West Africa where about 10 million people are infected. There is a scarcity of convenient, commercial diagnostics for L. loa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0008187DOI Listing

Indoor poisoning of companion animals by chemicals.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 15;733:139366. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Environmental Science and Policy (ESP), Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 10, 20133 Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

Episodes of indoor exposure to toxic compounds in companion animals are frequent. Toxico-epidemiological data on this matter are fundamental not only to take proper corrective actions but especially because domestic animals represent crucial sentinels for environmental toxicants. In this review we will present an overview on indoor poisoning of companion animals by chemicals in Europe, providing information on trends and emphasizing emerging indoor contaminants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139366DOI Listing

Prevalence, antibiotic resistance and genotypes of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli isolated from chickens in Irbid governorate, Jordan.

Int J Food Microbiol 2020 May 11;327:108656. Epub 2020 May 11.

Veterinary Epidemiology, Economics and Public Health Group, The Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, AL9 7TA Hatfield, UK.

Campylobacter is the world's leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis, causing nearly 9 million cases of food poisoning in Europe every year. Poultry is considered the main source of Campylobacter infection to humans. The objectives of the study were to determine occurrence of C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2020.108656DOI Listing

-12 Exopolysaccharides Have Anti-Biofilm Activity Against .

Appl Environ Microbiol 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

School of Food Science and Technology, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034, P. R. China.

In the developing countries, is the most common enteric pathogen causing bacillary dysentery. And the biofilm formation of can cause the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains and serious threat to food safety and human health. In this study, the effects of -12 exopolysaccharides (L-EPS) and exopolysaccharides (S-EPS) on the CMCC51574 biofilm formation were investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.00694-20DOI Listing

The Use of Bacteriophages in the Poultry Industry.

Animals (Basel) 2020 May 18;10(5). Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Pathology and Veterinary Diagnostics, Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences-SGGW, Nowoursynowska 159c St., 02-776 Warsaw, Poland.

The emergence of multidrug-resistant infections and antibiotic failures have raised concerns over human and veterinary medicine worldwide. Poultry production has had to confront the problems of an alarming increase in bacterial resistance, including zoonotic pathogens. According to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis have been the most frequently reported human foodborne diseases linked to poultry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani10050872DOI Listing

Phenotypic and Genotypic Assessment of Antibiotic Resistance of Bacteria Isolated from Retail Meat.

Infect Drug Resist 2020 7;13:1339-1349. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Food Hygiene and Public Health, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran.

Background: Resistant () bacteria are determined to be one of the main causes of foodborne diseases.

Purpose: This survey was done to assess the genotypic and phenotypic profiles of antibiotic resistance of bacteria isolated from retail meat.

Methods: Four-hundred and eighty-five retail meat samples were collected and examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S241189DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7213866PMC

Fallow Deer () as a Reservoir of Shiga Toxin-Producing (STEC).

Animals (Basel) 2020 May 19;10(5). Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Epizootiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Oczapowskiego 13, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland.

Shiga toxin-producing () (STEC) are responsible for the outbreaks of serious diseases in humans. Only a few reports on fallow deer as a reservoir of foodborne pathogens have been published to date. The purpose of this study was to determine the occurrence of STEC strains in the fallow deer population in Poland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani10050881DOI Listing

Inactivation of Toxoplasma gondii Bradyzoites after Salt Exposure during Preparation of Dry-Cured Hams.

J Food Prot 2020 Jun;83(6):1038-1042

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Northeast Area, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, BARC-East, Buildings 1001 & 307-C, Beltsville, Maryland 20705.

Abstract: Foodborne pathogens continue to pose a public health risk and can cause serious illness and significant outbreaks of disease in consumers. Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease that occurs worldwide and is caused by the protozoan parasite, Toxoplasma gondii. The consumption of raw or undercooked infected meat, including pork, that contains infectious stages of T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-19-461DOI Listing

Adolescent Opioid Misuse Attributable to Adverse Childhood Experiences.

J Pediatr 2020 May 10. Epub 2020 May 10.

Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC.

Objectives: To estimate the proportion of opioid misuse attributable to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) among adolescents.

Study Design: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 10,546 7th‒12th grade students in northeastern Ohio in Spring 2018. Study measures included self-reported lifetime exposure to 10 ACEs and past 30 day use of nonmedical prescription opioid or heroin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.05.001DOI Listing

Whole-genome sequencing combined with a case-control study of an outbreak of staphylococcal food-poisoning.

Epidemiol Infect 2020 May 20:1-16. Epub 2020 May 20.

Division of Bacterial Diseases, Center for Laboratory Control of Infectious Diseases, Korea Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268820001132DOI Listing

Identification of bacterial hazards in the production of artisan fresh cheese in Cuba.

J Dairy Res 2020 May 20:1-3. Epub 2020 May 20.

Trial Center for Quality Control of Food (CENLAC), National Center for Animal and Plant Health (CENSA), PO Box 10, 32700, San José de las Lajas, Mayabeque, Cuba.

Artisan fresh cheese producing farms from six provinces of Cuba were studied to identify the presence of bacterial hazards and the results are presented in this research communication. The bacterial hazards identified in milk and cheese respectively were: Listeria spp. (9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022029920000217DOI Listing

Influence of Muscle Fiber Direction on Migration of Salmonella Enteritidis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli into Raw Chicken Breast.

J Food Prot 2020 Jun;83(6):928-934

School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8526, Japan.

Abstract: The influence of muscle fiber direction (parallel or perpendicular) in relation to the inoculation surface on migration of Salmonella Enteritidis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli into raw chicken breasts was examined. Chicken breast samples with two types of surface fibers (running parallel or perpendicular to the surface) were inoculated with cultures of each bacterium. Inoculated samples were stored for 5 min, 1 h, or 24 h at 4°C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-19-278DOI Listing

Characterization and Prevalence of spp. From Broiler Chicken Rearing Period to the Slaughtering Process in Eastern China.

Front Vet Sci 2020 30;7:227. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China.

is one of the most important foodborne pathogens worldwide, and poultry is regarded as the main reservoir of . The contamination of in broiler chickens at the farm level is closely related to the transmission of in the poultry production chain. This study identified 464 isolates from 1,534 samples from broiler rearing period and slaughtering process including 233 isolates and 231 isolates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.00227DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7203416PMC

Isolation and Functions of Extracellular Vesicles Derived from Parasites: The Promise of a New Era in Immunotherapy, Vaccination, and Diagnosis.

Int J Nanomedicine 2020 28;15:2957-2969. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Experimental and epidemiological evidence shows that parasites, particularly helminths, play a central role in balancing the host immunity. It was demonstrated that parasites can modulate immune responses via their excretory/secretory (ES) and some specific proteins. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are nano-scale particles that are released from eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S250993DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7196212PMC

An atypical lipoteichoic acid from elicits a broadly cross-reactive and protective immune response.

J Biol Chem 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Microbiology and Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, United States.

is a leading cause of food-poisoning and causes avian necrotic enteritis, posing a significant problem to both the poultry industry and human health. No effective vaccine against is currently available. Using an antiserum screen of mutants generated from a transposon-mutant library, here we identified an immunoreactive antigen that was lost in a putative glycosyltransferase mutant, suggesting that this antigen is likely a glycoconjugate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.RA119.009978DOI Listing

Restaurant policies and practices related to norovirus outbreak size and duration.

J Food Prot 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Division of Environmental Health 4770 Buford Highway UNITED STATES Atlanta GA 30341.

Norovirus is the leading cause of foodborne illness outbreaks in the United States, and restaurants are the most common setting of foodborne norovirus outbreaks. Therefore, prevention and control of restaurant-related foodborne norovirus outbreaks is critical to lowering the burden of foodborne illness in the United States. Data for 124 norovirus outbreaks and outbreak restaurants were obtained from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) surveillance systems and analyzed to identify relationships between restaurant characteristics and outbreak size and duration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/JFP-20-102DOI Listing

Serological evidence of infection in (Spix, 1825) and (Linnaeus, 1758).

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2020 Aug 28;12:42-45. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Laboratory of Immunoparasitology, Department of Immunology, Microbiology and Parasitology, Federal University of Uberlândia, Av. Pará, 1720, Uberlândia, CEP, 38400 902, Brazil.

is a protozoan with worldwide prevalence, known to affect a large variety of warm-blooded hosts. However, its ability to induce long-lasting infections in cold-blooded animals remains unclear. The most likely source of infection is through consumption of meat containing tissue cysts or by ingestion of food or water contaminated with oocysts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2020.04.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7217805PMC

Melatonin and alcohol-related disorders.

Chronobiol Int 2020 May 18:1-23. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Zoology and Animal Physiology, Institute of Biology and Earth Sciences, Pomeranian University in Słupsk, Słupsk, Poland.

This review concerns the current knowledge of melatonin and alcohol-related disorders. Chronobiological effects of ethanol are related to melatonin suppression and in relation to inflammation, stress, free radical scavenging, autophagy and cancer risk. It is postulated that both alcohol- and inflammation-induced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) alters cell membrane properties leading to tissue dysfunction and, subsequent further ROS production. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07420528.2020.1761372DOI Listing

Hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids induce DNA damage response in rat liver in a 28-day feeding study.

Arch Toxicol 2020 May 17;94(5):1739-1751. Epub 2020 May 17.

German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Max-Dohrn-Str. 8-10, 10589, Berlin, Germany.

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PA) are secondary plant metabolites that occur as food and feed contaminants. Acute and subacute PA poisoning can lead to severe liver damage in humans and animals, comprising liver pain, hepatomegaly and the development of ascites due to occlusion of the hepatic sinusoids (veno-occlusive disease). Chronic exposure to low levels of PA can induce liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00204-020-02779-2DOI Listing

Prevalence, antibiotic resistance, PFGE and MLST characterization of Salmonella in swine mesenteric lymph nodes.

Prev Vet Med 2020 May 5;179:105024. Epub 2020 May 5.

São Paulo State University (UNESP), Department of Veterinary Hygiene and Public Health, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Botucatu, SP 18.618-68, Brazil.

This study evaluated 250 animals from 25 different processing lots, processed in four slaughterhouses in São Paulo state, Brazil for the presence of Salmonella in the mesenteric lymph nodes (10 g sample of each animal) and characterized the antibiotics resistance profile, the Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis - PFGE and Multi Locus Sequence Typing - MLST profiles of selected strains. The pathogen was present in 36.4% (n = 91, CL 95% 30. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2020.105024DOI Listing

Anti-TNF containing regimens may be associated with increased risk of Clostridioides difficile infection in patients with underlying inflammatory bowel disease.

Curr Res Transl Med 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at greater risk for Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI). There remain controversial issues about the association of infliximab therapy in IBD patients and CDI.

Objective: The present work aimed to investigate the potential association between infliximab therapy and the risk of CDI in a group of Iranian patients with IBD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.retram.2020.03.002DOI Listing

Multisite survey of bacterial contamination in ready-to-eat meat products throughout the cooking and selling processes in urban supermarket, Nanjing, China.

Food Sci Nutr 2020 May 24;8(5):2427-2435. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Key Laboratory of Environmental Medicine and Engineering of Ministry of Education and Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene School of Public Health Southeast University Nanjing China.

Objective: Ready-to-eat (RTE) meat is a kind of popular instant food easily contaminated by microbes, which is one of the causes of foodborne diseases. This study analyzes the possible sources of RTE food bacterial contamination during processing and subsequent selling.

Method: Samples of eight kinds of RTE meat were collected from four supermarkets in Nanjing, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fsn3.1532DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7215203PMC

Predictors of Intestinal Parasitic Infection among Food Handlers Working in Madda Walabu University, Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis 2020 17;2020:9321348. Epub 2020 Jan 17.

School of Health Science, Madda Walabu University, P.O. Box 302, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia.

Background: Intestinal parasitic infection is one of the major health problems globally. It is more common in developing countries including Ethiopia. So, adequate evidence is needed regarding the predictors of intestinal parasitic infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9321348DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7201448PMC
January 2020

Isolation and Characterization of a Lytic Phage and Its Antibiofilm Activity Individually or Collaborative with Kanamycin Sulfate.

Viral Immunol 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province, Kunming, P.R. China.

is among the most serious of foodborne pathogens worldwide and distributed widely in the natural environment; in addition, it has caused severe medical problems and foodborne diseases. Bacterial biofilm was the multicellular community of microorganisms that attached to nonbiological and biological surfaces. Phages and their derivatives are ideal candidates for replacing and compensating antibiotic resistance problems in the future. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/vim.2020.0030DOI Listing

Describing the Epidemiology of Foodborne Outbreaks in New South Wales from 2000 to 2017.

Foodborne Pathog Dis 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Research School of Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.

Foodborne disease causes an estimated 4.1 million cases of illness in Australia each year and is responsible for causing many significant common source outbreaks. We analyzed 18 years of foodborne outbreak data collected in New South Wales (NSW), and classified the likely pathogen type responsible for outbreaks of unknown etiology, to track broad trends over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2020.2806DOI Listing

Liquid Chromatographic Determination of Biogenic Amines in Fish Based on Pyrene Sulfonyl Chloride Pre-Column Derivatization.

Foods 2020 May 9;9(5). Epub 2020 May 9.

Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimioupolis Zografou, 15771 Athens, Greece.

Monitoring of biogenic amines in food is important for quality control, in terms of freshness evaluation and even more for food safety. A novel and cost-effective method was developed and validated for the determination of the main biogenic amines: histamine, putrescine, cadaverine, spermidine and spermine in fish tissues. The method includes extraction of amines with perchloric acid, pre-column derivatization with Pyrene Sulfonyl Chloride (PSCl), extraction of derivatives with toluene, back-dissolution in ACN after evaporation and determination by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography with UV and intramolecular excimer fluorescence detection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods9050609DOI Listing

Evaluation of Matrix Issues in the Applicability of the Neuro-2a Cell Based Assay on the Detection of CTX in Fish Samples.

Toxins (Basel) 2020 May 9;12(5). Epub 2020 May 9.

Biomedical Research Center (CINBIO), Department of Analytical and Food Chemistry, University of Vigo, Campus Universitario de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain.

Ciguatoxins (CTXs) are a group of neurotoxins responsible for the syndrome ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP) as a result of the consumption of contaminated fish. The presence of these toxins has been detected around the Pacific, Caribbean and Indian coasts. Recent reports indicate the emergence of CFP in other geographic areas, in particular in European coasts, of the Canary Islands (Spain) and Madeira (Portugal). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins12050308DOI Listing

A review of methanol poisoning: a crisis beyond ocular toxicology.

Cutan Ocul Toxicol 2020 May 25:1-7. Epub 2020 May 25.

College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.

At first blush, methanol poisoning may be seen as an arcane problem generally associated with rapid ocular neuropathy. The emerging clinical reality is that methanol poisoning around the globe has claimed increasingly large numbers of deaths largely due to the press of poverty and the delay in suspecting and diagnosing methanol toxicity. With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, false beliefs about methanol's preventive potential vs viral infection of have arisen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15569527.2020.1768402DOI Listing

Just the Facts: Management of cyclopeptide mushroom ingestion.

CJEM 2020 May 12:1-4. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, McGill University, Montréal, QC.

A 54-year-old woman prepares dinner around 8:00 pm that includes mushrooms that she picked from her yard. The next morning, around 8:00 am, the woman (patient), her daughter, and son-in-law all develop abdominal cramps, violent vomiting, and diarrhea. They present to the emergency department and are admitted for dehydration and intractable vomiting with a presumed diagnosis of food poisoning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/cem.2020.350DOI Listing

Biofilm Eradication Activity of Herb and Spice Extracts Alone and in Combination Against Oral and Food-Borne Pathogenic Bacteria.

Curr Microbiol 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Fukuoka Industrial Technology Center, Chikushino, Japan.

The purpose of this study was to select herbs and spices with potent biofilm eradication activities. Further, the combined effects of herb and spice extracts against pathogenic biofilms were evaluated. The biofilm eradication activities of ethanol extracts of 104 herbs and spices were measured by combining a colorimetric microbial viability assay with a biofilm formation technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00284-020-02017-zDOI Listing

Use of Mass Spectrometry to Determine the Diversity of Toxins Produced by and Species from Balearic Islands and Crete (Mediterranean Sea) and the Canary Islands (Northeast Atlantic).

Toxins (Basel) 2020 May 7;12(5). Epub 2020 May 7.

Laboratoire Phycotoxines, Ifremer, Rue de l'Île d'Yeu, 44311 Nantes, France.

Over the last decade, knowledge has significantly increased on the taxonomic identity and distribution of dinoflagellates of the genera and . Additionally, a number of hitherto unknown bioactive metabolites have been described, while the role of these compounds in ciguatera poisoning (CP) remains to be clarified. Ciguatoxins and maitotoxins are very toxic compounds produced by these dinoflagellates and have been described since the 1980s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins12050305DOI Listing
May 2020
2.480 Impact Factor

Advanced Methods for Detection of s and Its Pathogenic Factors.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 May 7;20(9). Epub 2020 May 7.

INRAE, AgroParisTech, Micalis Institute, Université Paris-Saclay, 78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France.

is an opportunistic foodborne pathogen causing food intoxication and infectious diseases. Different toxins and pathogenic factors are responsible for diarrheal syndrome, like nonhemolytic enterotoxin Nhe, hemolytic enterotoxin Hbl, enterotoxin FM and cytotoxin K, while emetic syndrome is caused by the depsipeptide cereulide toxin. The traditional method of detection is based on the bacterial culturing onto selective agars and cells enumeration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20092667DOI Listing

Association of lncRNA-p53 regulatory network (lincRNA-p21, lincRNA-ROR and MALAT1) and p53 with the clinicopathological features of colorectal primary lesions and tumors.

Oncol Lett 2020 Jun 7;19(6):3937-3949. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Basic and Molecular Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1985717413, Iran.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common intestinal cancer with a high mortality rate. Early detection of this type of cancer is fundamental to the prevention of the disease, which results in improved survival rates. In the human colon tissue, transition from normal epithelium to adenoma is considered to be caused by unknown molecular incidents occurring over 5-10 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11518DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204634PMC
June 2020
0.987 Impact Factor

Contrasting Results from Two Commercial Kits Testing for the Presence of Clostridium perfringens Enterotoxin in Feces from Norovirus-Infected Human Patients.

Clin Lab 2020 May;66(5)

Background: Detection of Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin (CPE) is critical for disease surveillance; however, commercial testing kits produce contrasting results.

Methods: We examined the cause of the differing results from a reversed passive latex agglutination (RPLA) assay (PET-RPLA Toxin Detection Kit) and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (C. perfringens Enterotoxin ELISA Kit) using 73 human norovirus-positive fecal samples from gastroenteritis patients across 22 episodes in Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7754/Clin.Lab.2019.190801DOI Listing

Arsenic intoxication: general aspects and chelating agents.

Arch Toxicol 2020 May 9. Epub 2020 May 9.

Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Sassari, Via Vienna 2, 07100, Sassari, Italy.

Arsenic (As) is widely used in the modern industry, especially in the production of pesticides, herbicides, wood preservatives, and semiconductors. The sources of As such as contaminated water, air, soil, but also food, can cause serious human diseases. The complex mechanism of As toxicity in the human body is associated with the generation of free radicals and the induction of oxidative damage in the cell. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00204-020-02739-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7210463PMC
May 2020
5.980 Impact Factor

Modeling the time-lag effect of sea surface temperatures on ciguatera poisoning in the South Pacific: Implications for surveillance and response.

Toxicon 2020 May 7;182:21-29. Epub 2020 May 7.

Waseda Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, 169-8555, Tokyo, Japan.

Ciguatera poisoning (CP), arising from ciguatoxins produced by toxic dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus, is one of the most common food-borne diseases in the South Pacific. Climate change as well as its related events have been hypothesized to a higher abundance and wider presence of toxic dinoflagellates, hence a higher risk of the disease. Yet existing studies assessing the relationship between climate factors and CP are limited or based on old data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2020.05.001DOI Listing