33,349 results match your criteria Food Poisoning

Multijurisdictional Outbreak of Enterohemorrhagic O157 Caused by Consumption of Ready-to-Eat Grilled Skewered Meat in Niigata, Japan.

Foodborne Pathog Dis 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Niigata City Public Health Center, Niigata, Japan.

Enterohemorrhagic O157 (EHEC) causes severe complications such as hemolytic uremic syndrome. Contaminated ready-to-eat (RTE) food is one of the vehicles of multijurisdictional outbreaks of foodborne disease worldwide. Multijurisdictional (covering cities, towns, and villages) outbreaks of EHEC are usually linked to an increase in cases, and here we describe such an outbreak involving 29 cases in October 2017 in the Niigata Prefecture. Read More

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A population-based survey of the prevalence of self-reported acute gastrointestinal illness in Zhejiang Province, China.

PLoS One 2022 18;17(5):e0268717. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Nutrition and Food Safety, Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou, China.

Acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI) is a prevalent public health concern worldwide. This study investigated the magnitude, distribution and burden of self-reported AGI among residents of Zhejiang Province, China. A face-to-face household survey was conducted using a multi-stage stratified random sampling method in 10 counties in Zhejiang Province between July 2018 and June 2019. Read More

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Nearest-neighbors matching for case-control study analyses: better risk factor identification from a study of sporadic campylobacteriosis in the United States.

Epidemiology 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Background: Case-control studies are commonly used to explore factors associated with enteric bacterial diseases. Control of confounding is challenging due to the large number of exposures of interest and the low frequencies of many of them.

Methods: We evaluated nearest-neighbors matching in a case-control study (originally 1:1 matched, published in 2004) of sporadic Campylobacter infections that included information on 433 exposures in 2,632 subjects during 1998-1999. Read More

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Prevalence and genetic characterization of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in children in Northeast Egypt.

Parasitol Res 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China.

Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the most common microsporidia in humans worldwide, in addition to infecting a wide range of animals. However, there is limited information about this pathogen in children in Egypt. Here, we carried out a molecular epidemiological study of E. Read More

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Prophylactic Delivery of a Bacteriophage Cocktail in Feed Significantly Reduces Salmonella Colonization in Pigs.

Microbiol Spectr 2022 May 17:e0042222. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Genetics and Genome Biology, College of Life Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.

Nontyphoidal Salmonella spp. are a leading cause of human food poisoning and can be transmitted to humans via consuming contaminated pork. To reduce Salmonella spread to the human food chain, bacteriophage (phage) therapy could be used to reduce bacteria from animals' preslaughter. Read More

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Dissecting Listeria monocytogenes Persistent Contamination in a Retail Market Using Whole-Genome Sequencing.

Microbiol Spectr 2022 May 17:e0018522. Epub 2022 May 17.

State Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.

Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that can cause invasive disease with high mortality in immunocompromised individuals and can survive in a variety of food-associated environments for a long time. L. monocytogenes clonal complex (CC) 87 is composed of ST87 and three other STs and has been identified as the most common subgroup associated with both foods and human clinical infections in China. Read More

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Changes in drug poisoning mortality before and after the COVID-19 pandemic by occupation in Massachusetts.

Am J Ind Med 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Schools of Pharmacy, MCPHS University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: Incidence of drug poisoning deaths has increased during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Previous research has established that risks differ for drug poisoning death according to occupation, and that workers also have a different risk for exposure to and death from COVID-19. This study sought to determine whether workers in certain occupations had drug poisoning mortality rates that increased in 2020 (the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic) compared to the average mortality rate for workers in those occupations during the previous 3 years. Read More

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Polymer composites from natural fibers and recycled waste surgical masks during COVID-19 pandemic.

Polym Compos 2022 Apr 22. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Natural Composites Research Group Lab, Department of Materials and Production Engineering, The Sirindhorn International Thai-German Graduate School of Engineering (TGGS) King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB) Bangkok Thailand.

The crucial role of face masks is highlighted in our day-to-day life during the COVID-19 pandemic. Polypropylene (PP)-based disposable face masks are widely used to hold back viral transmission. The discarded masks can create a huge burden of contamination on the environment. Read More

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Isolation and Identification of from Milk and Milk Products, Associated Factors for Contamination, and Their Antibiogram in Holeta, Central Ethiopia.

Vet Med Int 2022 6;2022:6544705. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, Ambo; University, P.O. Box 19, Ambo, Ethiopia.

is a pathogenic bacterium-contaminating milk and milk products causing food poisoning primarily due to its enterotoxins. The study aimed at estimating the prevalence of in milk and milk products, assessing potential risk factors for contamination, and determining the load and the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of the isolates. A cross-sectional study design was employed to collect a total of 486 samples, comprising 383 raw milk, 47 bulk tank milk, 29 curd milk (Ergo), and 28 Ethiopian cottage cheese (Ayib) samples. Read More

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Preventive Effect of on Lead Acetate-Induced Neurological Damage in SD Rats.

Front Nutr 2022 27;9:852012. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Chongqing Collaborative Innovation Center for Functional Food, Chongqing Engineering Research Center of Functional Food, Chongqing Engineering Laboratory for Research and Development of Functional Food, Chongqing University of Education, Chongqing, China.

Lead poisoning caused by lead pollution seriously affects people's health. Lactic acid bacteria has been shown to be useful for biological scavenging of lead. In this experiment, Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were treated with 200 mg/L of lead acetate solution daily to induce chronic lead poisoning, and oral to study its mitigation effects and mechanisms on rat neurotoxicity. Read More

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Ameliorative effect of nanocurcumin and Saccharomyces cell wall alone and in combination against aflatoxicosis in broilers.

BMC Vet Res 2022 May 14;18(1):178. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Animal Hygiene and Zoonoses, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Matrouh University, Matrouh, Egypt.

Background: The adverse effect of aflatoxin in broilers is well known. However, dietary supplementation of Saccharomyces cell wall and/or Nanocurcumin may decrease the negative effect of aflatoxin B1 because of the bio-adsorbing feature of the functional ingredients in Yeast Cell Wall and the detoxification effect of curcumin nanoparticles. The goal of this study was to see how Saccharomyces cell wall/Nanocurcumin alone or in combination with the aflatoxin-contaminated diet ameliorated the toxic effects of aflatoxin B1 on broiler development, blood and serum parameters, carcass traits, histology, immune histochemistry, liver gene expression, and aflatoxin residue in the liver and muscle tissue of broilers for 35 days. Read More

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Mycodegradation of diazinon pesticide utilizing fungal strains isolated from polluted soil.

Environ Res 2022 May 11:113421. Epub 2022 May 11.

Electron Microscope Unit, Collage of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11451, Saudi Arabia.

The current study aimed to isolate biodegradable soil fungi capable of metabolizing diazinon. The collected soil samples were investigated for diazinon pollution to detect the pesticide level in the polluted soil samples. Food poisoning techniques were utilized to preliminary investigate the biodegradation efficiency of the isolated fungal strains to diazinon pesticide using solid and liquid medium and also to detect their tolerance to different concentrations. Read More

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Arsenic as hazardous pollutant: Perspectives on engineering remediation tools.

Sci Total Environ 2022 May 11:155870. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Botany, GDC Pulwama, 192301 Jammu and Kashmir, India. Electronic address:

Arsenic (As) is highly toxic metal (loid) that impairs plant growth and proves fatal towards human population. It disrupts physiological, biochemical and molecular attributes of plants associated with water/nutrient uptake, redox homeostasis, photosynthetic machineries, cell/membrane damage, and ATP synthesis. Numerous transcription factors are responsive towards As through regulating stress signaling, toxicity and resistance. Read More

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Positive Effects of a Lecithin-Based Delivery Form of Extract in Acute Diarrhea of Adult Subjects.

Nutrients 2022 Apr 29;14(9). Epub 2022 Apr 29.

IRCCS Mondino Foundation, 27100 Pavia, Italy.

Acute diarrhea is a frequent problem worldwide, mostly due to gastrointestinal infections or food poisoning. could be active in the treatment of acute diarrhea due to its anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, and antimicrobial activity. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study, 49 adults with acute diarrhea were randomly allocated to receive 250 mg of a lecithin-based delivery form of (CASP) or placebo for 5 days. Read More

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Characterisation of Enteritidis ST11 and ST1925 Associated with Human Intestinal and Extra-Intestinal Infections in Singapore.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 May 6;19(9). Epub 2022 May 6.

Environmental Health Institute, National Environment Agency, Singapore 138667, Singapore.

Enteritidis is a major foodborne pathogen worldwide. In this study, a total of 276 isolates, collected between 2016 and 2017 from human, food and farm/slaughterhouse samples, were studied to enhance the understanding of the epidemiology of human salmonellosis in Singapore. Results showed all 276 isolates belonged either to ST1925 (70. Read More

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Application of Nanopore Sequencing in the Detection of Foodborne Microorganisms.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2022 May 2;12(9). Epub 2022 May 2.

Key Laboratory of Animal Diseases and Human Health of Sichuan Province, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China.

Foodborne pathogens have become the subject of intense interest because of their high incidence and mortality worldwide. In the past few decades, people have developed many methods to solve this challenge. At present, methods such as traditional microbial culture methods, nucleic acid or protein-based pathogen detection methods, and whole-genome analysis are widely used in the detection of pathogenic microorganisms in food. Read More

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Hydrochemical characteristics of surface waters and their relationships to the Kashin-Beck Disease in Longzi County, Tibet.

Sci Rep 2022 May 12;12(1):7819. Epub 2022 May 12.

Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modelling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.

Although previous studies have been reported between the Kashin-Beck Disease (KBD) epidemic and the hydrochemical characteristics of surface waters, the etiology of the disease remains unclear. In the present study, we comprehensively investigated the relationship between the KBD and the hydrochemical characteristics of surface waters in Longzi County. Results show that, the pH (mean = 7. Read More

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Helicobacter pylori Infection Mediates Inflammation and Tumorigenesis-Associated Genes Through miR-155-5p: An Integrative Omics and Bioinformatics-Based Investigation.

Curr Microbiol 2022 May 13;79(7):192. Epub 2022 May 13.

Bone and Joint Reconstruction Research Center, Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a major human pathogenic bacterium that survives in the gastric mucosa. The aim of this study is to evaluate the expression of the target gene network of miR-155-5p in H. Read More

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The value of monitoring in efficiently and adaptively managing biotoxin contamination in marine fisheries.

Harmful Algae 2022 May 23;114:102226. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Environmental and Fisheries Science Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, WA, 98112, USA.

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) can produce biotoxins that accumulate in seafood species targeted by commercial, recreational, and subsistence fisheries and pose an increasing risk to public health as well as fisher livelihoods, recreational opportunities, and food security. Designing biotoxin monitoring and management programs that protect public health with minimal impacts to the fishing communities that underpin coastal livelihoods and food systems is critically important, especially in regions with worsening HABs due to climate change. This study reviews the history of domoic acid monitoring and management in the highly lucrative U. Read More

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Paralytic shellfish toxins in Alaskan Arctic food webs during the anomalously warm ocean conditions of 2019 and estimated toxin doses to Pacific walruses and bowhead whales.

Harmful Algae 2022 May 3;114:102205. Epub 2022 Mar 3.

NOAA Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, Juneau, AK 99801, USA. Electronic address:

Climate change-related ocean warming and reduction in Arctic sea ice extent, duration and thickness increase the risk of toxic blooms of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella in the Alaskan Arctic. This algal species produces neurotoxins that impact marine wildlife health and cause the human illness known as paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP). This study reports Paralytic Shellfish Toxin (PST) concentrations quantified in Arctic food web samples that include phytoplankton, zooplankton, benthic clams, benthic worms, and pelagic fish collected throughout summer 2019 during anomalously warm ocean conditions. Read More

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Industry Distribution Characteristics of Benzene-Induced Leukemia - 7 PLADs, China, 2005-2019.

China CDC Wkly 2022 Apr;4(17):358-363

Key Laboratory of Chemical Safety and Health, National Institute for Occupational Health and Poison Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.

What Is Already Known About This Topic?: In the 1980s. benzene-induced leukemia (BIL) mainly occurred in shoemaking and painting industries. Now the industry distribution of benzene-induced leukemia may have changed over time. Read More

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Antibiotic Resistance Profile and Multiple Antibiotic Resistance Index of Species Isolated from Poultry.

Arch Razi Inst 2021 Dec 30;76(6):1677-1686. Epub 2021 Dec 30.

Department of Pathology and Poultry Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Kufa, Kufa, Iraq.

Campylobacter is a major public health problem, leading to foodborne diarrhea in the world. The current study aimed to isolate in different sources of poultry and determine antimicrobial susceptibility. A total of 150 fecal and 29 cloacal swabs were obtained from poultry farms (84 cloacal swabs) and live bird markets (LBMs), respectively, and 37 cecal swabs were also acquired from a local slaughterhouse located in the middle Euphrates region. Read More

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December 2021

Survey of incidence, lifetime prevalence, and treatment of self-reported vulvovaginal candidiasis, United States, 2020.

BMC Womens Health 2022 May 10;22(1):147. Epub 2022 May 10.

Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Mailstop H24-9, Atlanta, GA, 30329, USA.

Background: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common gynecologic problem in the United States but estimates of its true incidence and prevalence are lacking. We estimated self-reported incidence and lifetime prevalence of healthcare provider-diagnosed VVC and recurrent VVC (RVVC), assessed treatment types, and evaluated demographic and health-related risk factors associated with VVC.

Methods: An online survey sent to 4548 U. Read More

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A review on foodborne disease outbreaks in Bhutan.

WHO South East Asia J Public Health 2021 Jul-Dec;10(2):101-104

Royal Centre for Disease Control, Thimphu, Bhutan.

Foodborne diseases (FBDs) are a public health threat that can result in loss of lives and are a hurdle to socioeconomic development. The Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group estimated that the annual burden of FBDs in the South-East Asia Region was more than 150 million illnesses, causing about 175,000 deaths. This review paper aims to compile evidence from the published articles and gray literatures on food-related disease outbreaks in Bhutan. Read More

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Analysis of Salmonella enterica Isolated from a Mixed-Use Watershed in Georgia, USA: Antimicrobial Resistance, Serotype Diversity, and Genetic Relatedness to Human Isolates.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2022 May 9:e0039322. Epub 2022 May 9.

Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia, USA.

As the cases of Salmonella enterica infections associated with contaminated water are increasing, this study was conducted to address the role of surface water as a reservoir of S. enterica serotypes. We sampled rivers and streams ( = 688) over a 3-year period (2015 to 2017) in a mixed-use watershed in Georgia, USA, and 70. Read More

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Switching off Bacterial Flagellar Biogenesis by YdiU-Mediated UMPylation of FlhDC.

mBio 2022 May 9:e0024922. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, Shandong, China.

Bacterial flagellin activates the host immune system and triggers pyroptosis. Salmonella reduces flagellin expression when it survives within host cells. Here, we found that the UMPylator YdiU significantly altered the Salmonella flagellar biogenesis process upon host cell entry. Read More

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Evaluation of antibacterial activity induced by and Ent A in the hemolymph of .

Saudi J Biol Sci 2022 Apr 13;29(4):2892-2903. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Entomology, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, El-Khalyfa El-Mamoun Street, Abbassia, Cairo, Egypt.

The problem of antibiotic resistance considers one of the most dangerous challenges facing the medical field. So, it is necessary to find substitutions to conventional antibiotics. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are a bio-functional derivative that have been observed as one of the important solutions to such upcoming crisis. Read More

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Assessing the Role of Nrf2/GPX4-Mediated Oxidative Stress in Arsenic-Induced Liver Damage and the Potential Application Value of Rosa roxburghii Tratt [Rosaceae].

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2022 25;2022:9865606. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

The Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Monitoring and Disease Control, Ministry of Education, School of Public Health, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang 550025, China.

Arsenic poisoning is a geochemical disease that seriously endangers human health. The liver is one of the important target organs for arsenic poisoning, several studies have shown that oxidative stress plays an important role in arsenic-induced liver damage. However, the specific mechanism of arsenic-induced oxidative stress has not yet been fully elucidated, and currently, there are no effective intervention measures for the prevention and treatment of arsenic-induced liver damage. Read More

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Neonatal listeriosis: a rare but not-to-be forgotten infection.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 May 6;15(5). Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, New York, USA.

is a foodborne pathogen, typically associated with contaminated dairy products and deli meats. can lead to severe infections in high-risk patient populations; in neonates, listeriosis is rare but carries a high rate of neurological morbidity and mortality. Here a case of neonatal listeriosis, in the newborn of a young Hispanic mother who frequently ate queso fresco (a fresh Mexican cheese), is presented. Read More

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Broad host range bacteriophage, EscoHU1, infecting Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica: Characterization, comparative genomics, and applications in food safety.

Int J Food Microbiol 2022 Apr 21;372:109680. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Laboratory of Marine Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate, Japan.

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica are important pathogens worldwide. Bacteriophages can be effectively used to reduce the incidence of foodborne pathogens. The host recognition systems of phages are highly specific, with the host range of a common phage being limited to the species or strain level. Read More

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