23,952 results match your criteria Food Allergies


Health-related quality of life worsens by school age amongst children with food allergy.

Clin Transl Allergy 2019 7;9:10. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

1The Centre for Allergy Research, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Food allergy is negatively associated with health-related quality of life (HRQL). Although differences exist between parents and children, less is known about age-specific differences amongst children. As such, we aimed to identify if age, as well as other factors, are associated with food allergy-specific HRQL in an objectively defined population of children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13601-019-0244-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366088PMC
February 2019

Changes of Phytochemical Components (Urushiols, Polyphenols, Gallotannins) and Antioxidant Capacity during ⁻Mediated Fermentation of Bark.

Molecules 2019 Feb 14;24(4). Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 54896, Jeonbuk, Korea.

The stem bark of (TVSB) has been widely used as a traditional herbal medicine and food ingredients in Korea. However, its application has been restricted due to its potential to cause allergies. Moreover, there is limited data available on the qualitative and quantitative changes in the composition of its phytochemicals during fermentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24040683DOI Listing
February 2019

High dietary fat intake induces a microbiota signature that promotes food allergy.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Institute of Pathology, Department of Experimental Pathology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Background: Diet-induced obesity and food allergies rise in tandem, but a potential cause-and-effect relationship between these diseases of affluence remains to be tested.

Objective: To test the role of high dietary fat intake, diet-induced obesity and associated changes in gut microbial community structure on food allergy pathogenesis.

Methods: Mice were fed a high fat diet (HFD) for 12 weeks prior to food allergen sensitization on an atopic dermatitis-like skin lesion followed by intra-gastric allergen challenge to induce experimental food allergy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2019.01.043DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Management of childhood food allergies].

Rev Med Suisse 2019 Feb;15(638):398-401

Unité d'allergologie pédiatrique, HUG, 1211 Genève 14.

Food allergy reduces the quality of allergic children life because of a lethal risk. Current recommendations are favouring introduction of potentially allergenic foods according to usual, non-delayed, practices. In allergic children, intramuscular epinephrine is the key treatment of anaphylaxis. Read More

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February 2019

A novel nanoformulation of α-eleostearic acid restores molecular pathogenesis of hypersensitivity.

Nanomedicine (Lond) 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Laboratory of Food Science & Technology, Food & Nutrition Division, University of Calcutta, 20 B Judges Court Road, Kolkata 700 027, West Bengal, India.

Aim: The present work provides first-time empirical and molecular interaction evidence to establish the higher biofunctionality of a therapeutic lipid, α-eleostearic acid (ESA), encapsulated in a novel and thoroughly characterized biocompatible nanoemulsion (NE) system (particle size <200 nm).

Materials & Methods: A novel methodology was employed to fabricate novel formulations of ESA. Molecular biological tools and assays were used to arrive at definite conclusions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/nnm-2018-0450DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
5.413 Impact Factor

Physicochemical Properties and Health Benefits of Pistachio Nuts.

Int J Vitam Nutr Res 2019 Feb 12:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

8 Nutrition Research Center, Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutritoin and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

The genus of Pistacia plant systematically fits into the family of Anacardiaceae. Pistachios contain protein, carbohydrate, dietary fibers, fat, folic acid, vitamin K, magnesium and potassium, gama-tocopherols, phytochemicals, and polyphenols. Collectively, these constituents have been shown to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory functions to improve overall health when consumed as a healthy diet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/0300-9831/a000529DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Investigating asthma, allergic disease, passive smoke exposure, and risk of rheumatoid.

Arthritis Rheumatol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Mayo Clinic, Rheumatology, Mayo Building, 15-73E, 200 1st St SW, Rochester, Minnesota, United States.

Objective: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is postulated to originate at mucosal surfaces, particularly the airway mucosa. To investigate this hypothesis, we determined the association between RA and asthma, passive smoke exposure, and age of starting smoking.

Methods: This case-control study identified 1,023 cases of RA (175 incident) within a single-center biobank population using a rules-based algorithm that combined self-report with two diagnosis codes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/art.40858DOI Listing
February 2019
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What we know about fish allergy by the end of the decade?

J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Immuno-Allergology Clinic, Brugmann University Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.

Fish allergy is one of the most common food allergies. It is usually considered to be immunoglobulin (Ig) E-mediated and correlated well with diagnostic tests such as prick tests and/or specific IgE. Recommended treatment is avoidance, generally extended to all fishes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18176/jiaci.0381DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Human and disease models to study food allergy.

Asia Pac Allergy 2019 Jan 15;9(1):e4. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Immunology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Food allergy is a growing global public health concern. As treatment strategies are currently limited to allergen avoidance and emergency interventions, there is an increasing demand for appropriate models of food allergy for the development of new therapeutics. Many models of food allergy rely heavily on the use of animals, and while useful, many are unable to accurately reflect the human system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5415/apallergy.2019.9.e4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365658PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Nitration of Wheat Amylase Trypsin Inhibitors Increases Their Innate and Adaptive Immunostimulatory Potential .

Front Immunol 2018 21;9:3174. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Multiphase Chemistry Department, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany.

Amylase trypsin inhibitors (ATI) can be found in all gluten containing cereals and are, therefore, ingredient of basic foods like bread or pasta. In the gut ATI can mediate innate immunity via activation of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) on immune cells residing in the lamina propria, promoting intestinal, as well as extra-intestinal, inflammation. Inflammatory conditions can induce formation of peroxynitrite (ONOO) and, thereby, endogenous protein nitration in the body. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2018.03174DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357940PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Mechanisms that define transient versus persistent food allergy.

Authors:
M Cecilia Berin

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2019 Feb;143(2):453-457

Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Currently, we have a poor understanding of why some food allergies are outgrown and others are not. Deciphering the immune basis of the natural resolution of food allergy will likely provide critical information for developing new therapies for the treatment of persistent food allergies. There are limited cohort studies that have followed children with food allergy over time, but information generated from such cohorts points to features of innate and adaptive immunity, as well as environmental differences (microbiome) that discriminate those with persistent versus transient food allergy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2018.12.991DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374775PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Association between antibiotic treatment during pregnancy & infancy and the development of allergic diseases.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

University Children's Hospital Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Allergies are a serious public health issue and prevalences are rising worldwide. The role of antibiotics in the development of allergies has repeatedly been discussed, as results remain inconsistent. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between pre- & postnatal antibiotic exposure and subsequent development of allergies (atopic dermatitis, food allergy, asthma, atopic sensitization and allergic rhinitis). Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/pai.13039
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pai.13039DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Association between food allergy and ankylosing spondylitis: An observational study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14421

Department of Laboratory Medicine, West China Hospital.

Food allergies can alter the gut microbiome composition, increasing the risk of conditions such as ankylosing spondylitis (AS).To identify the association between specific allergens and AS, we investigated the differences in the serum levels of 14 food antigen-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) G between AS patients and healthy participants. The association between the levels of these antibodies and disease activity was assessed by measuring the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (CRP). Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201902080-0007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014421DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

[Overestimation of food allergies reported by parents in a Peruvian allergy, asthma, and immunology center].

Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica 2018 Oct-Dec;35(4):708-710

Centro de Referencia Nacional de Alergia, Asma e Inmunología. Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. Lima, Perú.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2018.354.3763DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Full-Time Employment, Diet Quality, and Food Skills of Canadian Parents.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 02 7:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

a School of Nutrition, Laval University, Pavillon Paul-Comtois, Quebec, QC.

Purpose: To explore the associations between full-time employment status, food skills, and diet quality of Canadian parents.

Methods: A sample of Canadian parents (n = 767) were invited to complete a web-based survey that included sociodemographic variables, questions about food skills, and a validated food frequency questionnaire. Results were analyzed with linear and logistic regression models, controlling for sociodemographic variables and multiple testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-041DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Allergic Reactions Captured by Voluntary Reporting.

J Patient Saf 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Edward P. Lawrence Center for Quality and Safety, Massachusetts General Hospital and the Massachusetts General Professional Organization.

Background: The epidemiology of hospital adverse reactions (ARs), particularly allergic reactions, or hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs), is poorly defined. To determine priorities for allergy safety in healthcare, we identified and described safety reports of allergic reactions.

Methods: We searched the safety report database of a large academic medical center from April 2006 to March 2016 using 101 complete, truncated, and/or misspelled key words related to allergic symptoms, treatments, and culprits (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PTS.0000000000000568DOI Listing
January 2019
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Utilizing longitudinal microbiome taxonomic profiles to predict food allergy via Long Short-Term Memory networks.

PLoS Comput Biol 2019 Feb 4;15(2):e1006693. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America.

Food allergy is usually difficult to diagnose in early life, and the inability to diagnose patients with atopic diseases at an early age may lead to severe complications. Numerous studies have suggested an association between the infant gut microbiome and development of allergy. In this work, we investigated the capacity of Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) networks to predict food allergies in early life (0-3 years) from subjects' longitudinal gut microbiome profiles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006693DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361419PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Primary Prevention of Food Allergy.

Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2019 Feb 2;19(1). Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The goal of this review is to present an updated summary of the various approaches to prevent childhood food allergies and report recent advances in potential prevention trials for food allergy.

Recent Findings: Several approaches related to maternal dietary supplementation as well as infant GI-based supplementation have been tried and are the subject of ongoing clinical investigation. The prevalence of food allergy appears to be increasing but several, varied approaches to prevention are being actively pursued such that an effective strategy may not be too far in the future. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11882-019-0838-6DOI Listing
February 2019
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Medication Errors Associated With Adverse Drug Reactions in Iran (2015-2017): A P-Method Approach.

Int J Health Policy Manag 2018 Sep 18;7(12):1090-1096. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Medication errors are the second most common cause of adverse patient safety incidents and the single most common preventable cause of adverse events in medical practice. Given the high human fatalities and financial burden of medication errors for healthcare systems worldwide, reducing their occurrence is a global priority. Therefore, appropriate policies to reduce medication errors, using national data and valid statistics are required. Read More

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http://www.ijhpm.com/article_3543.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijhpm.2018.91DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358654PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Children with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder and anorexia nervosa in a tertiary care pediatric eating disorder program: A comparative study.

Int J Eat Disord 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the medical and psychological characteristics of children under the age of 13 years with avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) and anorexia nervosa (AN) from a Canadian tertiary care pediatric eating disorders program.

Method: Participants included 106 children assessed between 2013 and 2017 using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). Data were collected through clinical interviews, psychometric questionnaires, and chart review. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/eat.23027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23027DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Seed storage 2S albumins are predictive indicators of exclusive Anacardiaceae cross-reactivity.

Clin Exp Allergy 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Pistachio (Pistachio vera) and cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale), members of the Anacardiaceae family, account for a significant percentage of food allergies worldwide [1]. Nuts are one of the main causes of food anaphylaxis, eliciting a significant number of life-threatening reactions, which are aggravated by the fact that these allergens are often hidden in processed foods. Variability of allergic phenotypes to nut allergens with complex cross-reactivity profiles complicates clinical management of the patient [2]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cea.13357DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Behavioral and cognitive animal models in headache research.

J Headache Pain 2019 Jan 31;20(1):11. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Neurology and Algology, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Besevler, 06510, Ankara, Turkey.

Animal models have provided a growing body of information about the pathophysiology of headaches and novel therapeutic targets. In recent years, experiments in awake animals have gained attention as more relevant headache models. Pain can be assessed in animals using behavioral alterations, which includes sensory-discriminative, affective-emotional and cognitive aspects. Read More

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https://thejournalofheadacheandpain.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s10194-019-0963-6DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Economic burden of food allergy- A systematic review.

Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Center for Community Health, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine; Mary Ann & J. Milburn Smith Child Health Research, Outreach, and Advocacy Center, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital. Electronic address:

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10811206193005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anai.2019.01.014DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Association between asthma, obesity, and health behaviors in African American youth.

J Asthma 2019 Jan 31:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

a Childhood Disparities Research Laboratory , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.

Background: There is a clear relationship between obesity and asthma, with obesity recognized as a risk factor for asthma. There is mounting evidence, however, that asthma may predict obesity risk via behavioral pathways.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the cross-sectional relationships between asthma, body mass index (BMI) percentile, and behavioral factors including caloric intake, dietary inflammatory index, moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and sedentary time (SED) among African American adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02770903.2019.1571083DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Reliability and validity of assessing energy and nutrient intake with the Vienna food record: a cross-over randomised study.

Nutr J 2019 01 28;18(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

FH Campus Wien - University of Applied Sciences, Favoritenstraße 226, 110, Vienna, Austria.

Background: The Vienna Food Record was developed as a simple paper-based pre-coded food record for use in Austrian adults, which can be completed over a flexible period of time. The present study aimed at evaluating test-retest reliability of the Vienna Food Record and its concurrent validity against a weighed food record.

Methods: A randomised cross-over study served to compare outcomes of the Vienna Food Record with those of the weighed food record. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-019-0431-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350393PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The extract, the molecular allergen or both for the in vitro diagnosis of peach and peanut sensitization?

Clin Chim Acta 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Allergy Diseases Center "Prof. G. Bonsignore", Institute of Biomedicine and Molecular Immunology "A. Monroy" (IBIM)-National Research Council (CNR), Palermo, Italy.

Introduction: Identifying the target molecule in food allergies, helps to assess the risk of anaphylaxis in a patient. Lipid Transfer Protein is the most frequent cause of food allergies in the Mediterranean area. The diagnosis based on allergenic extracts, suffers from a high variability in the results because some important allergenic molecules are lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2019.01.016DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Next-Generation Approaches for the Treatment of Food Allergy.

Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2019 Jan 28;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, John Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N. Wolfe St., CMSC 1102, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA.

Purpose Of Review: IgE-mediated food allergies are an increasing health concern, and current management includes food avoidance and use of emergency medications. Effective treatment of food allergy is highly desirable. Next generation approaches for the treatment of food allergy aim to improve both safety and efficacy, potentially including long-term tolerance. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11882-019-0839-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11882-019-0839-5DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Population based study: atopy and autoimmune diseases are associated with functional dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome, independent of psychological distress.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2019 Mar 27;49(5):546-555. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.

Background: The pathogenesis of functional GI disorders (FGIDs) is uncertain. However, underlying immune activation and psychological distress has been documented in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia (FD). Epidemiological data from the UK suggest that FGIDs are linked to atopy and certain autoimmune diseases but this has not been confirmed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apt.15120DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

New IgE Immediate Hypersensitivity Reactions Upon Reintroduction of Food Restricted for Treatment of Eosinophilic Esophagitis.

Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Gastroenterology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anai.2019.01.010DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Changing Patient Mindsets About Non-Life-Threatening Symptoms During Oral Immunotherapy: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Building 420, Jordan Hall, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305.

Background: Oral immunotherapy (OIT) can lead to desensitization to food allergens, but patients can experience treatment-related symptoms of allergic reactions that cause anxiety and treatment dropout. Interventions to improve OIT for patients are needed.

Objective: To determine whether fostering the mindset that non-life-threatening symptoms during OIT can signal desensitization improves treatment experience and outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2019.01.022DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Vaccine Allergy? Skin testing and challenge at a tertiary pediatric hospital in Melbourne, Australia.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Allergy & Immunology, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Food Allergy Research Group and Melbourne Children's Trial Centre, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia; Department of General Medicine, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: The rate of true vaccine allergy is unknown. Children with potential IgE-mediated Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI) should undergo allergy investigation that may include skin testing or challenge. Previous protocols tend to be highly conservative and often suggest invasive testing for all; a practice not evidence based, technically difficult and unpleasant in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2019.01.025DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Management of Symptom Flares and Patient-reported Flare Triggers in Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS)-Findings From One Site of the MAPP Research Network.

Urology 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO.

Objective: To document patient-reported interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) flare management strategies and triggers.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-four male and 29 female participants enrolled at the Washington University site of the MAPP Research Network completed a questionnaire on strategies they utilized to manage flares and factors they believed triggered their flares (eg, specific food items, physical activities, sexual activities, infections, and stress). Participants were also asked about the diurnal timing of their flares. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2019.01.012DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Common causes of emergency department visits for anaphylaxis in Korean community hospitals: A cross-sectional study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(4):e14114

Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.

Anaphylaxis can cause death and requires immediate management. For prevention and education programs for anaphylaxis, it is important to be aware of the common triggering factors. We investigated the triggers of anaphylaxis in the emergency departments (EDs) of community hospitals in Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014114DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358383PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Growth Pattern, Resting Energy Expenditure, and Nutrient Intake of Children with Food Allergies.

Nutrients 2019 Jan 22;11(2). Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Pediatric Department, Vittore Buzzi Children's Hospital, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Castelvetro 32, 20154 Milan, Italy.

Growth impairment has been reported in children with food allergies (FA). However, the available data on the dietary intake of FA children are controversial, and no data are available on their resting energy expenditure (REE). The aim of this study was to test whether REE differs between FA and healthy children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020212DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Anaphylaxis to patent blue dye in a 17-year-old boy.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 22;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Division of Allergy Immunology and Dermatology, Department of Paediatrics, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Patent blue V dye (PBV) is frequently used as a perioperative drug for lymphangiography, as well as a food additive. Hypersensitivity to PBV is poorly documented in adults and had not been previously described in children. The diagnosis of PBV allergy depends on corroboration of history consistent with an IgE-mediated reaction and confirmatory skin tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226191DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Food Allergies: Knowledge and Practice among Food Service Workers Operating in Western Romania.

J Food Prot 2019 Feb;82(2):207-216

2 Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, West University of Timişoara, Blvd. V. Pârvan 4, 300223 Timişoara, Romania.

The purpose of our study was to determine the knowledge and practices regarding food allergies among food service workers operating in western Romania (Timiş, Arad, and Caraş-Severin counties). A self-administered, multiple-choice questionnaire was completed by 121 Romanian food service workers from 23 food service units from July to September 2016. The food service workers interviewed had a moderate level of knowledge and practices regarding food allergies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-18-170DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Pru p 7 sensitisation is a predominant cause of severe, cypress pollen-associated peach allergy.

Clin Exp Allergy 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Aix-Marseille Univ, IRD, IHU Méditerranée Infection, MEPHI, Marseille, France.

Background: Peach is a common elicitor of food allergic reactions. Peach-induced immediate reactions may occur as benign pollen-food syndromes, usually due to birch pollen related PR-10 cross-reactivity in temperate climates, and as potentially severe primary food allergies, predominantly related to nsLTP Pru p 3 in Mediterranean regions. The newly described peach allergen Pru p 7 has has gained recent attention as a potential peach allergy severity marker. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/cea.13345
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cea.13345DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Epidemiologic studies about food allergy and food sensitization in tropical countries. Results and limitations.

Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 2019 Jan 19. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Group of Clinical and Experimental Allergy, IPS Universitaria, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia; University corporation Rafael Nuñez, Immunology Department, Cartagena, Colombia.

The variety of foods and methods of preparation are part of the cultural identity of each population, and thus the main foods that cause symptoms vary among different regions. Due to their increasing frequency, Adverse Reactions to Food (AFR) have been the subject of extensive study, especially in North America and Europe but few studies have been conducted in other areas, especially in populations located in the tropics and subtropics. In this article, we review available information on the epidemiology of food sensitization and food allergies in tropical regions and explore the different epidemiological data considering the major food involved, the underlying immune mechanism and clinical symptoms partners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aller.2018.11.001DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Analysis of Individual Case Safety Reports of Severe Cutaneous Adverse Reactions in Korea.

Yonsei Med J 2019 Feb;60(2):208-215

Institute of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Despite morbidities and fatalities, nationwide epidemiologic data for severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs), including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), and drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), are not widely available. We aimed to investigate SCAR epidemiology over the last two decades in Korea.

Materials And Methods: We analyzed individual case safety reports (ICSRs) of SCARs in the Korea Adverse Event Reporting System from 1988 to 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2019.60.2.208DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6342723PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Effect of 3 lactobacilli on immunoregulation and intestinal microbiota in a β-lactoglobulin-induced allergic mouse model.

J Dairy Sci 2019 Mar 17;102(3):1943-1958. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, P. R. China; Sino-German Joint Research Institute, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, P. R. China. Electronic address:

Milk is one of the earliest and most common allergen sources in the world, with β-lactoglobulin representing a major allergen protein. Numerous studies have reported that probiotics exert antiallergic and anti-inflammatory effects. Here, we examined the effects of 3 strains of Lactobacillus on immunomodulatory functions, intestinal barrier functions, and intestinal microbiota through a β-lactoglobulin-induced allergic mouse model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2018-15683DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome: guidelines summary and practice recommendations.

Med J Aust 2019 Feb 18;210(2):94-99. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, NSW.

Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a poorly understood non-IgE gastrointestinal-mediated food allergy that predominantly affects infants and young children. Cells of the innate immune system appear to be activated during an FPIES reaction. Acute FPIES typically presents between one and 4 hours after ingestion of the trigger food, with the principal symptom being profuse vomiting, and is often accompanied by pallor and lethargy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5694/mja2.12071DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Human gut microbes are susceptible to antimicrobial food additives in vitro.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

The Institute of Microbiology, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Novy Hradek, Czech Republic.

The aim of this work was to test the hypothesis that antimicrobial food additives may alter the composition of human gut microbiota by selectively suppressing the growth of susceptible gut microbes. To explore the influence of antimicrobial food additives on the composition of the human gut microbiota, we examined the susceptibility of both aerobic and anaerobic gut bacteria to sodium benzoate, sodium nitrite, and potassium sorbate, and their combinations, using a broth microdilution method. The tested bacteria exhibited a wide range of susceptibilities to food additives. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12223-018-00674-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-018-00674-zDOI Listing
January 2019
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Acute-on-chronic food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome in an exclusively breast-fed infant.

Clin Case Rep 2019 Jan 13;7(1):71-73. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

4th Department of Pediatrics Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Thessaloniki Greece.

Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity disorder, typically provoked by cow's milk or soy in formula-fed infants. This case shows that diagnosis of FPIES should be suspected in exclusively breast-fed infants and pediatricians should be suspicious of this in infants with shock and sepsis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.1905DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6333056PMC
January 2019
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Anaphylaxis after vaccination reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System, 1990-2016.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Immunization Safety Office, Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga.

Background: Anaphylaxis, a rare and potentially life-threatening hypersensitivity reaction, can occur after vaccination.

Objective: We sought to describe reports of anaphylaxis after vaccination made to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) during 1990-2016.

Methods: We identified domestic reports of anaphylaxis within VAERS using a combination of Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activity queries and Preferred Terms. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00916749193002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2018.12.1003DOI Listing
January 2019
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Climate change and allergy in Australia: an innovative, high-income country, at potential risk.

Authors:
Paul J Beggs

Public Health Res Pract 2018 Dec 6;28(4). Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia,

Objectives: The impacts of climate change on allergens and allergic diseases are important and potentially serious in Australia. Australia is highly vulnerable to such impacts because of its very high prevalence of allergic diseases such as asthma and allergic rhinitis, and allergic sensitisation to environmental allergens such as certain pollens and fungal spores. This article aims to review published research on the impacts of climate change on allergens and allergic diseases from an Australian perspective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17061/phrp2841828DOI Listing
December 2018
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Series of 12 cases of wheat-dependent exercise-induced allergy in Aragon, Spain.

Rev Clin Esp 2019 Jan 13. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

Servicio de Alergología, Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, Zaragoza, España; Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Aragón (IIS Aragón), Zaragoza, España.

Background And Objectives: The ω-5 gliadin (ω5G) is considered the main allergen in wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA). These patients experience anaphylactic reactions after consuming wheat and performing physical exercise. The aim of our study was to describe the main characteristics of 12 patients with this diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rce.2018.11.004DOI Listing
January 2019
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Catechin rich butanol fraction extracted from Acacia catechu L. (a thirst quencher) exhibits immunostimulatory potential.

J Food Drug Anal 2019 Jan 2;27(1):195-207. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

School of Biosciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Priyadarshini Hills, Kottayam, 686560, Kerala, India. Electronic address:

Acacia catechu L., (Fabaceae) named as "catechu" is a plant, the decoction of heartwood of which is daily consumed as thirst quencher by a good percentage of the population in South India. The plant is mainly distributed in India and other Asian countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfda.2018.06.010DOI Listing
January 2019
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Eosinophilic Colitis Associated with Emtricitabine/Tenofovir.

Cureus 2018 Oct 26;10(10):e3498. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Internal Medicine, University of Miami, Holy Cross Hospital, Fort Lauderdale, USA.

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is a rare disease occurring commonly in patients with a history of allergies, asthma, food sensitivities, or parasite exposure. The condition has been postulated to occur when eosinophils accumulate at the intestinal epithelium resulting in inflammation, recruitment and degranulation of mast cells, and further propagation of eosinophil activation. While laboratory and microbiological data may point to the diagnosis, the condition is only confirmed via biopsy demonstrating the eosinophilic infiltration of the intestinal epithelium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3498DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318128PMC
October 2018
1 Read