1,974 results match your criteria Folia parasitologica[Journal]


The chiggers (Acari: Trombiculidae) on wild birds in Honduras.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Nov 12;65. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Brno, Czech Republic.

The chiggers (Acari: Trombiculidae) Blankaartia sinnamaryi (Floch et Fauran, 1956), Parasecia soucouyanti (Brennan et Yunker, 1966), Eutrombicula lipovskyana (Wolfenbarger, 1952) and Neoschoengastia dalmati Brennan, 1951 were found in Honduras on a total of twelve bird species. Parasecia soucouyanti was recorded parasitising birds for the first time. All these mites are here reported from Honduras for the first time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.017DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Rhabdochona angusticaudata sp. n. (Nematoda: Rhabdochonidae) from the Japanese eel Anguilla japonica, and new records of some other nematodes from inland fishes in Japan.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Oct 23;65. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, 1-4-4 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8528, Japan.

Collections of parasitic nematodes of fishes from some freshwater and brackish-water localities in Honshu, Shikoku and Hokkaido, Japan, carried out in 1996-2009, yielded the following eight species: Hysterothylacium haze (Machida, Takahashi et Masuuchi, 1978) (Anisakidae), Paraquimperia sp., Pingus sinensis Hsü, 1933 (both Quimperiidae), Heliconema anguillae Yamaguti, 1935 (Physalopteridae), Rhabdochona angusticaudata sp. n. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.016DOI Listing
October 2018

Behaviour and eating habits as determinants for human opisthorchiasis in the Bolsena Lake area, Italy.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Sep 14;65. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Lazio e della Toscana M. Aleandri, Rome, Italy.

In Italy, food-borne outbreaks of opisthorchiasis have occurred since 2003, all of them originating from some lakes in Central Italy where the only European liver fluke, Opisthorchis felineus (Rivolta, 1884) is endemic. The aim of the present study is to investigate the factors that may facilitate the life cycle of O. felineus in the area of Bolsena Lake, the knowledge of the local population about opisthorchiasis, and preventative healthcare measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.013DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Diversity of haemoprotozoan parasites infecting the wildlife of South Africa.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Oct 2;65. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

CIBIO/InBIO, Centro de Investigacao em Biodiversidade e Recursos Geneticos, Campus Agrario de Vairao, Vairao, Portugal.

Tissue samples from wildlife from South Africa were opportunistically collected and screened for haemoprotozoan parasites using nonspecific PCR primers. Samples of 127 individuals were tested, comprising over 50 different species. Haemogregarines were the most commonly identified parasites, but sarcocystids and piroplasmids were also detected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.015DOI Listing
October 2018

Two new species of Stillabothrium (Cestoda: Rhinebothriidea) from stingrays of the genus Fontitrygon from Senegal.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Sep 21;65. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Biology, West Virginia State University, Institute, WV, USA.

Morphological and molecular analyses of cestode specimens collected during survey work of batoid elasmobranchs and their parasites in Senegal revealed two new species of the rhinebothriidean cestode genus Stillabothrium Healy et Reyda 2016. Stillabothrium allisonae Dedrick et Reyda sp. n. Read More

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http://folia.paru.cas.cz/doi/10.14411/fp.2018.014.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.014DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Haemogregarine (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) infection in Vanderhaege's toad-headed turtle, Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei (Chelidae), from a Brazilian Neotropical savanna region.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Sep 14;65. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas e da Saude, Universidade Federal do Amapa, Macapa, Brazil.

Knowledge of blood parasites in Brazilian chelonians is limited, since they have been recorded in only six species. Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei (Bour) is a freshwater turtle with a wide geographic distribution in Brazil, but there is little information about its natural history. This paper reports on a study of the prevalence and infection intensity of a haemogregarine in two subpopulations of M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.012DOI Listing
September 2018

Toxoplasma gondii seropositivity and substance use in US adults.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Sep 10;65. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Psychology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, United States of America.

The intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle et Manceaux, 1908) infects humans resulting in acute toxoplasmosis, an infection that in immunocompetent people is typically mild but results in persistent latent toxoplasmosis. In that T. gondii appears to affect dopamine synthesis and because addicting drugs affect midbrain dopamine transmission, latent toxoplasmosis could influence substance use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.011DOI Listing
September 2018

Structure of parasite communities in urban environments: the case of helminths in synanthropic rodents.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Jun 21;65. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Laboratorio de Ecologia de Roedores Urbanos, Departamento de Ecologia, Genetica y Evolucion, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Identifying patterns with sufficient predictive power is a constant challenge for ecologists to address ecological problems related to species conservation, pollution or infectious disease control. During the last years, the amounts of parasitological studies in this sense increased, but they are still scarce in urban environments. The main aim of this study was to investigate if the helminth communities of urban rodents are structured within host assembly (compound community) or they are a result of random events occurring at each individual host scale (infracommunity). Read More

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http://folia.paru.cas.cz/doi/10.14411/fp.2018.009.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.009DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

Limitations in the screening of potentially anti-cryptosporidial agents using laboratory rodents with gastric cryptosporidiosis.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Aug 16;65. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Department of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.

The emergence of cryptosporidiosis, a zoonotic disease of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tract caused by Cryptosporidium Tyzzer, 1907, triggered numerous screening studies of various compounds for potential anti-cryptosporidial activity, the majority of which proved ineffective. Extracts of Indonesian plants, Piper betle and Diospyros sumatrana, were tested for potential anti-cryptosporidial activity using Mastomys coucha (Smith), experimentally inoculated with Cryptosporidium proliferans Kváč, Havrdová, Hlásková, Daňková, Kanděra, Ježková, Vítovec, Sak, Ortega, Xiao, Modrý, Chelladurai, Prantlová et McEvoy, 2016. None of the plant extracts tested showed significant activity against cryptosporidia; however, the results indicate that the following issues should be addressed in similar experimental studies. Read More

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http://folia.paru.cas.cz/doi/10.14411/fp.2018.010.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.010DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads
1.210 Impact Factor

Molecular screening for bacterial pathogens in ticks (Ixodes ricinus) collected on migratory birds captured in northern Italy.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Jun 15;65. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, University of Milano, Italy.

Migratory birds have an important role in transporting ticks and associated tick-borne pathogens over long distances. In this study, 2,793 migratory birds were captured by nets in a ringing station, located in northern Italy, and checked for the presence of ticks. Two-hundred and fifty-one ticks were identified as nymphs and larvae of Ixodes ricinus (Linnaeus, 1758) and they were PCR-screened for the presence of bacteria belonging to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Rickettsia spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.008DOI Listing

Cloning, expression and characterisation of a cysteine protease from Trichinella spiralis.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 May 29;65. Epub 2018 May 29.

Department of Parasitology, Medical College, Zhengzhou University, PR China.

Cysteine protease is a superfamily of widespread proteolytic enzymes and plays a major role in larval invasion, migration, exsheathing, survival and immune evasion in parasites. In the present study, the gene coding cysteine proteinase of the nematode Trichinella spiralis (Owen, 1835) was cloned into pQE-80L and subsequently expressed in E. coli JM109. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.007DOI Listing
May 2018
10 Reads

Horizontal transmission of the ectoparasite Gyrodactylus arcuatus (Monogenea: Gyrodactylidae) to the next generation of the three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Apr 19;65. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Faculty of Biology, University of Gdansk, Poland This article contains supporting information (S1-S4) online at http://folia.paru.cas.cz/suppl/2018-65-006.pdf.

In the parthenogenetic monogeneans of the genus Gyrodactylus Nordmann, 1832, the genetic diversity within or between hosts is determined by the relative roles of lateral transmission and clonal propagation. Clonality and limited transmission lead to high-amplitude metapopulation dynamics and strong genetic drift. In Baltic populations of the three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, the local mitochondrial diversity of Gyrodactylus arcuatus Bychowsky, 1933 is very high, and spatial differentiation weak. Read More

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http://folia.paru.cas.cz/doi/10.14411/fp.2018.006.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.006DOI Listing
April 2018
3 Reads

New records of philometrids (Nematoda: Philometridae) from marine fishes off Australia, including description of four new species and erection of Digitiphilometroides gen. n.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Apr 16;65. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Department of Primary Industries and Resources, Northern Territory Government, Berrimah, Northern Territory, Australia; Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Fannie Bay, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.

The following six species of the Philometridae (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) were recorded from marine fishes off the northern coast of Australia in 2015 and 2016: Philometra arafurensis sp. n. and Philometra papillicaudata sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.005DOI Listing
April 2018
1 Read

Two new species of Hepatozoon (Apicomplexa: Hepatozoidae) parasitising species of Philothamnus (Ophidia: Colubridae) from South Africa.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Apr 3;65. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

Water Research Group, Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.

To date, only a few species of Hepatozoon Miller, 1908 have been described from amphibians and reptiles of South Africa, including two species from anuran hosts, three from saurians, one from chelonians, and two from ophidians. Hepatozoon bitis (Fantham, 1925) and Hepatozoon refringens (Sambon et Seligmann, 1907), parasitising Bitis arientans (Merrem) and Pseudoaspis cana (Linnaeus), respectively, were described in the early 1900s and since then there have been no further species of Hepatozoon described from snakes in South Africa. Blood smears, used in peripheral blood haemogregarine stage morphometrics, and whole blood used in molecular characterisation of haemogregarines were collected from the caudal vein of six snakes of three species, namely Philothamnus hoplogaster (Günther), Philothamnus semivariegatus (Smith) and Philothamnus natalensis natalensis (Smith). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.004DOI Listing
April 2018
4 Reads

New information on morphology and molecular data of camallanid nematodes parasitising Xenopus laevis (Anura: Pipidae) in South Africa.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Mar 12;65. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

African Amphibian Conservation Research Group, Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.

Three species of nematodes from the Camallanidae that are known to infect Xenopus laevis Daudin (Anura: Pipidae) were collected from several localities across South Africa. New data on morphology, partial 28S and cox1 genes, infection levels and distribution are presented herein. The most common species, Batrachocamallanus slomei Southwell et Kirshner, 1937, from the stomach and less often oesophagus, was found in eight localities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.003DOI Listing
March 2018
3 Reads

High density of fox and cat faeces in kitchen gardens and resulting rodent exposure to Echinococcus multilocularis and Toxoplasma gondii.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Mar 8;65. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, EA 3800 PROTAL, SFR Cap Sante, Reims cedex, France.

The faeces of the red fox, Vulpes vulpes (Linnaeus), and the domestic cat, Felis catus (Linnaeus), can be responsible for spreading eggs of Echinococcus multilocularis Leuckart, 1863 and oocysts of Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle et Manceaux, 1908) into the environment. The accidental ingestion of these eggs or oocysts, through consumption of raw fruits or vegetables grown in or in contact with contaminated soil, can lead to alveolar echinococcosis (AE) or toxoplasmosis in humans. The present study provides a quantitative assessment of the faecal deposition by foxes and cats in kitchen gardens where fruits and vegetables are grown and its consequences for zoonosis transmission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.002DOI Listing
March 2018
5 Reads

Tapeworm chromosomes: their value in systematics with instructions for cytogenetic study.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Feb 23;65. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Institute of Parasitology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Kosice, Slovakia.

The history and value of cytogenetic features for addressing questions of the evolution and systematics of tapeworms (Cestoda) are briefly reviewed along with instructions for collecting karyological data. As a supplement to worm morphology, chromosome number and morphology have been helpful in determining the systematic status of some genera in the Diphyllobothriidae and species in the Bothriocephallidea. In addition, many new techniques for chromosome analysis have been recently applied in morphological and molecular studies of invertebrates, including tapeworms. Read More

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http://folia.paru.cas.cz/doi/10.14411/fp.2018.001.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.001DOI Listing
February 2018
9 Reads

Description and phylogenetic position of a new species of Rhabdias Stiles et Hassall, 1905 (Nematoda: Rhabdiasidae) from the banded rubber frog, Phrynomantis bifasciatus (Smith) (Amphibia: Microhylidae), in South Africa.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Dec 13;64. Epub 2017 Dec 13.

Department of Biology, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, USA.

The lung-dwelling nematode Rhabdias engelbrechti sp. n. was found in five of eight examined banded rubber frogs in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Read More

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http://folia.paru.cas.cz/doi/10.14411/fp.2017.035.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.035DOI Listing
December 2017
8 Reads

Stray cats are more frequently infected with zoonotic protists than pet cats.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Dec 6;64. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Department of Microbiological Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA.

Faecal samples were collected from cats kept as pets (n = 120) and stray cats (n = 135) in Central Europe (Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia) and screened for the presence of Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia intestinalis (Kunstler, 1882), Encephalitozoon spp. and Enterocytozoon bieneusi Desportes, Le Charpentier, Galian, Bernard, Cochand-Priollet, Lavergne, Ravisse et Modigliani, 1985 by PCR analysis of the small-subunit of rRNA (Cryptosporidium spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.034DOI Listing
December 2017
5 Reads

Some nematodes from freshwater fishes in central Africa.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Oct 20;64. Epub 2017 Oct 20.

Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic.

Twenty species (sixteen adult and four larval) of parasitic nematodes belonging to the Ascaridoidea, Camallanoidea, Cosmocercoidea, Dioctophymatoidea, Habronematoidea, Oxyuroidea, Seuratoidea, and Thelazioidea were collected from freshwater fishes of the Congo River basin in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic in 2008 and 2012, respectively. Based on light and scanning electron microscopical examination, many species are redescribed in detail. This material also contained four previously unknown species, Labeonema longispiculatum sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.033DOI Listing
October 2017
6 Reads

Anti-tumour necrosis factor activity in saliva of various tick species and its appearance during the feeding period.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Oct 20;64. Epub 2017 Oct 20.

Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic.

Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) plays a central role in the inflammatory process. In the skin, it contributes to immune containment of tick-transmitted pathogens like Borrelia burgdorferi. In the saliva of some tick species, active compounds are present that inhibit detection of TNF in specific ELISA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.032DOI Listing
October 2017
4 Reads

Myxobolus pseudowulii sp. n. (Myxozoa: Myxosporea), a new skin parasite of yellow catfish Tachysurus fulvidraco (Richardson) and redescription of Myxobolus voremkhai (Akhmerov, 1960).

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Sep 27;64. Epub 2017 Sep 27.

Department of Aquatic Animal Medicine, College of Fisheries, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.

Two species of Myxobolus Bütschli, 1882 were found in yellow catfish Tachysurus fulvidraco (Richardson). A species of Myxobolus infecting the gills was morphologically identified as Myxobolus voremkhai (Akhmerov, 1960) and it was characterised here with additional morphological and molecular data. The other species of Myxobolus infecting the host's skin did not conform to any known myxosporean species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.030DOI Listing
September 2017
13 Reads

Feeding strategies and competition between terrestrial Haemadipsa leeches (Euhirudinea: Arhynchobdellida) in Danum Valley rainforest (Borneo, Sabah).

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Oct 3;64. Epub 2017 Oct 3.

Institute of Zoology and Biomedical Research, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.

Haemadipsid leeches are among the most successful terrestrial invertebrates in Bornean rainforests. They are very common ectoparasites of vertebrates, and their abundance has facilitated the conduction of numerous projects in the fields of ecology, zoogeography and taxonomy. We undertook research on two species inhabiting lowland dipterocarp forest, Haemadipsa picta Moore, 1929 and Haemadipsa subagilis (Moore, 1929), in order to address the following questions: (a) is there a difference in leech abundance between trails and off-trails?; (b) is ambush location dependent on specimen size or is species-specific?; (c) is intra- and interspecific competition limited by differences in foraging behaviours or vertical niche partitioning? Our results clearly show that H. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.031DOI Listing
October 2017
5 Reads

Variability of species of Babesia Starcovici, 1893 in three sympatric ticks (Ixodes ricinus, Dermacentor reticulatus and Haemaphysalis concinna) at the edge of Pannonia in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Aug 23;64. Epub 2017 Aug 23.

Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Brno, Czech Republic.

The distribution, variability and host specificity of species of Babesia Starcovici, 1893 were studied in questing ticks collected on the northwestern edge of the Pannonian Basin in the south-easternmost part of the Czech Republic and in western Slovakia. The area is characterised by relatively natural floodplain habitats and the sympatric occurrence of three tick species possessing wide host spectra, namely Ixodes ricinus (Linnaeus), Dermacentor reticulatus (Fabricius) and Haemaphysalis concinna Koch. Analysis was carried out on 1,408 I. Read More

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http://folia.paru.cas.cz/doi/10.14411/fp.2017.028.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.028DOI Listing
August 2017
5 Reads

Echinococcus multilocularis vesicular fluid inhibits activation and proliferation of natural killer cells.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Aug 25;64. Epub 2017 Aug 25.

Parasitology-Mycology Department, University Hospital, Besancon, France.

Alveolar echinococcosis is a severe chronic helminthic disease that mimics slow-growing liver cancer. The immune evasion strategy of Echinococcus multilocularis Leuckart, 1863 remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate in vitro the impact of E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.029DOI Listing
August 2017
26 Reads

A synoptic review of Caryophyllaeus Gmelin, 1790 (Cestoda: Caryophyllidea), parasites of cyprinid fishes.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Aug 16;64. Epub 2017 Aug 16.

Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic This article contains supporting information (Table S1) online at http://folia.paru.cas.cz/suppl/2017-64-027.pdf.

Tapeworms of the genus Caryophyllaeus Gmelin, 1790 (Caryophyllidea: Caryophyllaeidae), common parasites of cyprinid fishes, are reviewed and taxonomic status of 42 nominal taxa that have been placed in the genus during its long history is clarified. The following seven species occurring in the Palaearctic Region are recognised as valid: C. laticeps (Pallas, 1781), C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.027DOI Listing
August 2017
3 Reads

Do small samples underestimate mean abundance? It depends on what type of bias we consider.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Jul 26;64. Epub 2017 Jul 26.

Hungarian Academy of Sciences, MTA-ELTE-MTM Ecology Research Group, Budapest, Hungary.

Former authors claimed that, due to parasites' aggregated distribution, small samples underestimate the true population mean abundance. Here we show that this claim is false or true, depending on what is meant by 'underestimate' or, mathematically speaking, how we define 'bias'. The 'how often' and 'on average' views lead to different conclusions because sample mean abundance itself exhibits an aggregated distribution: most often it falls slightly below the true population mean, while sometimes greatly exceeds it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.025DOI Listing
July 2017
4 Reads

Musculoskeletal and nervous systems of the attachment organ in three species of Diplectanum (Monogenea: Dactylogyroidea).

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Jul 11;64. Epub 2017 Jul 11.

Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

The taxonomy of Diplectanum Diesing, 1858, a genus of monopisthocotylean monogeneans, remains unsettled and needs to be revised based on new morphological criteria. Recent studies in monopisthocotyleans have shown that the muscle arrangement in the posterior attachment organ (haptor) differs between congeneric species and can be used as an additional criterion in genus-level taxonomy. To explore the possibility of using the haptoral musculature and nervous system in the taxonomy of Diplectanum, we conducted a detailed confocal-microscopy study of three species of Diplectanum (D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.022DOI Listing
July 2017
10 Reads

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in goats from the south-west region of Poland and the detection of T. gondii DNA in goat milk.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Jul 11;64. Epub 2017 Jul 11.

Department of Parasitology and Invasive Diseases, National Veterinary Research Institute, Pulawy, Poland.

Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle et Manceaux, 1908) is an obligatory intracellular protozoan parasite prevalent in animals and humans worldwide having medical and veterinary importance on account of causing abortion or congenital disease in intermediate hosts, including man. Since T. gondii has already been identified in the milk of goats, Capra aegagrus hircus (Linnaeus), the possibility of acquiring infection by ingesting unpasteurised goat milk should be taken into consideration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.023DOI Listing
July 2017
19 Reads

Patterns in the distribution and directional asymmetry of fleas living on the northern white-breasted hedgehog Erinaceus roumanicus.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Aug 4;64. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Institute of Zoology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Fleas infecting northern white-breasted hedgehogs, Erinaceus roumanicus (Barrett-Hamilton), collected from 2009-2011 in Budapest (Hungary) were studied. A total of 305 white-breasted hedgehogs were captured and 1,251 fleas were collected. The flea community comprised two species, the hedgehog flea Archaeopsylla erinacei (Bouche, 1835) and the dog flea Ctenocephalides canis (Curtis, 1826), although the latter was only found on three hedgehogs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.026DOI Listing
August 2017
5 Reads

An adult cystidicolid nematode (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae) from the subcutaneous tissue around the eye of percupinefish, Diodon nichthemerus Cuvier.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Jul 10;64. Epub 2017 Jul 10.

School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University, Hokkaido, Japan.

Three adult nematode specimens, all ovigerous females belonging to the family Cystidicolidae Skryabin, 1946, were found for the first time in the subcutaneous tissue around the eye of the captive porcupinefish Diodon nichthemerus Cuvier at a public aquarium in Osaka, Japan. Because no male was available, these could not be identified to the genus and species. This case highlights the risk of parasitism in aquaculture puffer fish, as these may ingest small shrimp, which probably act as intermediate hosts for the nematode. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.021DOI Listing
July 2017
12 Reads

Revised classification of the subfamily Leishmaniinae (Trypanosomatidae).

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Jul 10;64. Epub 2017 Jul 10.

Life Science Research Centre, Faculty of Science, University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic.

In the present study, we critically revised the recently proposed classification of the subfamily Leishmaniinae Maslov et Lukeš in Jirků et al., 2012. Agreeing with erection of the genus Zelonia Shaw, Camargo et Teixeira in Espinosa et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.020DOI Listing
July 2017
5 Reads

Castosyringophilus meropis sp. n. (Acariformes: Syringophilidae) - a new quill mite species parasitising the world population of Merops apiaster Linnaeus (Coraciiformes: Meropidae).

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Jul 26;64. Epub 2017 Jul 26.

Department of Animal Morphology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.

A new species, Castosyringophilus meropis sp. n., found in quills of feathers of the European bee-eater Merops apiaster Linnaeus (Coraciiformes: Meropidae) is described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.024DOI Listing
July 2017
5 Reads

Observations on non-random distribution of spores of Henneguya spp. (Cnidaria: Myxosporea: Myxobolidae) within plasmodia.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Jun 20;64. Epub 2017 Jun 20.

Institute for Veterinary Medical Research, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungary; Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA), Budapest, Hungary.

Species of the cnidarian genus Henneguya Thélohan, 1892 (Myxosporea: Myxobolidae) are histozoic parasites commonly found in freshwater and, more rarely, in marine fish. The development of these parasites in fish tissues includes the formation of plasmodia within which occurs the sporogony originating spores with two caudal processes, which are usually randomly distributed within the plasmodia. In this report the authors present some cases of non-random distribution of the spores of six species of Henneguya within their plasmodia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.019DOI Listing
June 2017
5 Reads

Cryptosporidium meleagridis and C. baileyi (Apicomplexa) in domestic and wild birds in Algeria.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Jun 13;64. Epub 2017 Jun 13.

Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic.

A total of 345 faecal samples were collected from domestic, captive and wild birds in rural areas, urban areas and a Zoo in Algeria. Samples were screened for the presence of parasites belonging to the genus Cryptosporidium Tyzzer, 1910 by microscopy and PCR analysis of the small-subunit rRNA (SSU), actin and 60-kDa glycoprotein (gp60) genes. Cryptosporidium spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.018DOI Listing
June 2017
4 Reads

Reproductive innovation and the recognition of a new genus within the Polystomatidae (Monogenea) infecting chelonian vertebrates.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Jun 7;64. Epub 2017 Jun 7.

School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.

Polystomatid monogeneans have a wide diversity of life cycles correlated with the varied ecology and behaviour of their aquatic vertebrate hosts. Typically, transmission involves a swimming infective larva but most hosts are amphibious and invasion is interrupted when hosts leave water. A key life cycle adaptation involves a uterus that, in the most specialised cases, may contain several hundred fully-developed larvae prepared for instant host-to-host transmission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.017DOI Listing
June 2017
8 Reads

A new genus of proteocephalid tapeworm (Cestoda) from the marbled swamp eel Synbranchus marmoratus Bloch (Synbranchiformes: Synbranchidae) in the River Paraná basin, Argentina.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 May 5;64. Epub 2017 May 5.

Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biologia Experimental, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Synbranchiella gen. n. is proposed to accommodate Synbranchiella mabelae sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.015DOI Listing
May 2017
9 Reads

Inactivation of proteolytic enzymes by Eubothrium rugosum (Cestoda) from the gut of burbot Lota lota.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 May 9;64. Epub 2017 May 9.

I.D. Papanin Institute for Biology of Inland Waters, Borok, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia.

Parasitic organisms inhabiting the alimentary canal should permanently resist the destructive action of host digestive enzymes. The intestinal parasites were shown to produce specific protease inhibitors protecting them from proteolysis. However, little is known about this adaptive mechanism in cestodes so far, especially for the tapeworms dwelling inside the fish intestines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.016DOI Listing
May 2017
3 Reads

Gene expression, oxidative stress and apoptotic changes in rabbit ileum experimentally infected with Eimeria intestinalis.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Apr 19;64. Epub 2017 Apr 19.

Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

Coccidiosis is a parasitic disease caused by protists (apicomplexans) of the genus Eimeria Schneider, 1875 and is considered to be the most important disease faced by rabbit breeders due to its high morbidity. In the present study, the antioxidant status and changes in apoptosis and in the expression of some genes were quantified in rabbits' ilea following infection with Eimeria intestinalis Cheissin, 1948. Rabbits, orally infected with 1 × 10 sporulated oocysts of E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.012DOI Listing
April 2017
5 Reads

An eight-year survey of the intestinal parasites of carnivores, hoofed mammals, primates, ratites and reptiles in the Ljubljana zoo in Slovenia.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Apr 21;64. Epub 2017 Apr 21.

Zoo Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Problems with parasitic infections and their interspecies transmissions are common in zoological gardens and could pose serious health damage to captive animals. This study presents results of eight-year monitoring of intestinal parasites in animals from Zoo Ljubljana, Slovenia. A total of 741 faecal samples from 40 animal species were collected two to four times per year and examined microscopically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.013DOI Listing
April 2017
18 Reads

Two new species of Tetragonocephalum (Cestoda: Lecanicephalidea) from Pastinachus sephen (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae) from the Gulf of Oman.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Apr 24;64. Epub 2017 Apr 24.

School of Biology and Center of Excellence in Phylogeny of Living Organisms, College of Science, University of Tehran, Iran.

In the present study two new species of Tetragonocephalum Shipley et Hornell, 1905, T. mackenziei sp. n. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.014DOI Listing
April 2017
8 Reads

Three new genera of rhinebothriidean cestodes from stingrays in Southeast Asia.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Apr 4;64. Epub 2017 Apr 4.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and the Biodiversity Institute, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA.

Three genera of rhinebothriideans, previously referred to as New genus 1, New genus 2 and New genus 4, are erected in the the Anthocephaliidae. New genus 1 is established as Divaricobothrium gen. n. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.008DOI Listing
April 2017
13 Reads

Some nematodes, including two new species, from freshwater fishes in the Sudan and Ethiopia.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Apr 4;64. Epub 2017 Apr 4.

Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic.

Fourteen species (twelve adult and two larval) of nematodes belonging to the Ascaridoidea, Camallanoidea, Cosmocercoidea, Habronematoidea, Oxyuroidea, Seuratoidea and Trichinelloidea were collected from fishes in the Sudan (River Nile and Atbara Dam Lake), whereas only four species (one adult and three larval) of the Ascaridoidea, Camallanoidea, Dioctophymatoidea and Trichinelloideafrom fishes in Ethiopia (Lake Tana). The Sudanese material also contained two previously unknown species, Cucullanus mormyri sp. n. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.010DOI Listing
April 2017
4 Reads

Two new species of nematode parasites, Cucullanus epinepheli sp. n. (Cucullanidae) and Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) sinespinis sp. n. (Camallanidae), from marine serranid and haemulid fishes off New Caledonia.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Apr 5;64. Epub 2017 Apr 5.

Institut Systematique, Evolution, Biodiversite, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Sorbonne Universites, Paris, France.

Based on light and scanning electron microscopical studies, two new species of parasitic nematodes are described from marine perciform fishes off New Caledonia: Cucullanus epinepheli sp. n. (Cucullanidae) from the intestine of the brownspotted grouper Epinephelus chlorostigma (Valenciennes) (Serranidae) and Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) sinespinis sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.011DOI Listing
April 2017
7 Reads

New species of Aberrapex Jensen, 2001 (Cestoda: Lecanicephalidea) from eagle rays of the genus Myliobatis Cuvier (Myliobatiformes: Myliobatidae) from off Argentina.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Apr 4;64. Epub 2017 Apr 4.

Instituto de Biodiversidad y Biologia Experimental y Aplicada (IBBEA, CONICET-UBA), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autonoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Three new species of Aberrapex Jensen, 2001 (Cestoda: Lecanicephalidea) have been collected from species of Myliobatis Cuvier along the coast of Argentina. Aberrapex ludmilae sp. n. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.009DOI Listing
April 2017
3 Reads

Genetic diversity of Echinococcus multilocularis in red foxes in Poland: the first report of a haplotype of probable Asian origin.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Mar 9;64. Epub 2017 Mar 9.

Department of Parasitology and Invasive Diseases, National Veterinary Research Institute, Pulawy, Poland.

The aim of the present study was to estimate the genetic diversity of the cestode Echinococcus multilocularis Leuckart, 1863 in Poland based on sequence analysis of the mitochondrial genes of worms isolated from red foxes, Vulpes vulpes (Linnaeus). Overall, 83 adults of E. multilocularis from the same number of foxes in different parts of Poland were used for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.007DOI Listing
March 2017
13 Reads

A new genus with two new species of lecanicephalidean tapeworms (Cestoda) from the mangrove whipray, Urogymnus granulatus (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae),from the Solomon Islands and northern Australia.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Feb 6;64. Epub 2017 Feb 6.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, and the Biodiversity Institute, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA.

A new lecanicephalidean genus is erected for cestodes previously recognised as "New Genus 12" (Polypocephalidae) in a phylogenetic analysis of the interrelationship of members of this order. Examination of the cestode fauna of the mangrove whipray, Urogymnus granulatus (Macleay) (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae) from the Solomon Islands and northern Australia revealed the existence of specimens representing two new species, consistent in morphology with "New Genus 12." Corollapex gen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.004DOI Listing
February 2017
5 Reads

Serological diagnosis of cystic echinococcosis in cattle.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Feb 17;64. Epub 2017 Feb 17.

Faculty of Veterinary and Livestock Technology, S. Seifullin Kazakh Agro-Technical University, Astana, Kazakhstan.

An IgM murine monoclonal antibody (MAb) was obtained against the excretory-secretory antigen (ES-Ag) of in vitro reared protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus (Batsch, 1786). Western blotting revealed that the MAb recognised a 20.6 kDa protein of this ES-Ag. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.005DOI Listing
February 2017
3 Reads

A novel stage-specific glycosomal nucleoside diphosphate kinase from Trypanosoma cruzi.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Feb 17;64. Epub 2017 Feb 17.

Laboratorio de Parasitologia Molecular, Instituto de Investigaciones Medicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires and National Research Council (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Nucleoside diphosphate kinases (NDPK) are key enzymes involved in the intracellular nucleotide maintenance in all living organisms, especially in trypanosomatids which are unable to synthesise purines de novo. Four putative NDPK isoforms were identified in the Trypanosoma cruzi Chagas, 1909 genome but only two of them were characterised so far. In this work, we studied a novel isoform from T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.006DOI Listing
February 2017
8 Reads

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in hunted wild boars (Sus scrofa) from southeastern France.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2017 Jan 25;64. Epub 2017 Jan 25.

French Forces Medical Service Working Group on Animal Epidemiology, Toulon, France.

Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle et Manceaux, 1908) is an obligate intracellular, parasitic protozoan within the phylum Apicomplexa that causes toxoplasmosis in mammalian hosts (including humans) and birds. Since meat of wild boar, Sus scrofa (Linnaeus), has been demonstrated to be a potential source of human infection, a careful evaluation of the prevalence of infection with T. gondii in hunted animals is needed to protect public health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2017.003DOI Listing
January 2017
3 Reads