39,997 results match your criteria Folia medica[Journal]


Evaluation of PECAM-1 and p38 MAPK expressions in cerebellum tissue of rats treated with caffeic acid phenethyl ester: A biochemical and immunohistochemical study.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

This study aimed to investigate the antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on damage caused to cerebellum tissue by diffuse traumatic head trauma via biochemical, histopathologic, and immuno-histochemical methods. Male Sprague-Dawley (300-350g) rats were subjected to traumatic brain injury with a weight-drop device (300 g-1 m weight-height impact). Twenty-four adult rats were randomly divided into three equal groups of 8, including a control group, traumatic brain injury (TBI) group, and TBI+CAPE treatment group (10μmol/kg/i. Read More

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December 2018

A morphological and stereological study on calculating volume values of thoracic segments of geese.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

University of Yuzuncu Yil, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Anatomy, University of Yuzuncu Yil, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Anatomy Campus VAN/TURKEY, 65090 Van, Turkey.

Background: In this study, the total volume of the thoracic segments of spinal cord and volume densities of grey matter and white matter were examined by using stereological methods in adult geese having a weight of 3-4 kg.

Material And Methods: Ten geese were used as material without sex discrimination. All animals were perfused with 10% formaldehyde. Read More

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December 2018
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Antagonistic activity of Diplodia pinea against phytopathogenic fungi.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Postgraduate Program in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacy, Federal University of Paraná, Av. Pref. Lothário Meissner, 632, Curitiba, Paraná, CEP 80210-170, Brazil.

The ability of Diplodia pinea to inhibit Armillaria sp., Bjerkandera adusta, Botrytis cinerea, and Rhizoctonia sp. mycelium growth was analyzed using the double-culture method. Read More

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December 2018

An Examination of Vocal Tract Acoustics following Wendler's Glottoplasty.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2018 Dec 12;71(1):24-28. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Audiology Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Uskudar University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To investigate the formant frequency (FF) features of transgender females' (TFs) voice after Wendler's glottoplasty surgery and compare these levels with age-matched healthy males and females.

Study Design: Controlled prospective.

Methods: 20 TFs and 20 genetically male and female age-matched healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Effects of the Lidcombe Program and Parent-Child Interaction Therapy on Stuttering Reduction in Preschool Children.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2018 Dec 12;71(1):29-41. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio, USA.

Purpose: The present study explored the effectiveness of the Lidcombe Program, the parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT) approach, and an integrated (Lid-PCIT) program on the treatment of children who stutter.

Methods: The present research was a single-subject study with an alternative treatment design. Participants were 6 preschool children who were randomly assigned into three groups. Read More

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December 2018
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Characterizing the Motor Skills in Children with Specific Language Impairment.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2018 Dec 12;71(1):42-55. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Speech-Language Pathology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background/aims: Specific language impairment (SLI) is characterized by deficits in language ability. However, studies have also reported motor impairments in SLI. It has been proposed that the language and motor impairments in SLI share common origins. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of formaldehyde on VEGF, MMP2, and Osteonectin levels in periodontal membrane and alveolar bone in the rats.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

Background: The objective of this study was to investigate if long term formaldehyde inhalation may effect periodontal membrane and alveolar bone loss leading to periodontitis. the negative effects of formaldehyde was described using vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metallopeptidase 2 (MMP2) and Osteonectin antibodies involved in the extracellular matrix and angiogenetic development.

Materials And Methods: Thirty adult Wistar albino rats were used in this study. Read More

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December 2018

The temporomandibular joint: pneumatic temporal cells open into the articular and extradural spaces.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

The pneumatization of the articular tubercle (PAT) of the temporal squama is a rare condition that modifies the barrier between the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) space and the middle cranial fossa. During a routine examination of the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) files of patients who were scanned for dental medical purposes, we identified a case with multiple rare anatomic variations. First, the petrous apex was bilaterally pneumatized. Read More

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December 2018

Cross-over type of supernumerary digastric muscle: a case report.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia, Slovenia.

A cross-over type asymmetric anomaly of the anterior belly of the right digastric muscle was observed during a cadaveric dissection of the submental region. Three irregularly-shaped supernumerary muscle bundles were found between the anterior bellies of the digastric muscles. Although the anomalies of the digastric muscles are often observed, this complicated pattern has not been previously reported. Read More

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December 2018

Klingler's method of brain dissection: review of the technique including its usefulness in practical neuroanatomy teaching, neurosurgery and neuroimaging.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Normal and Clinical Anatomy, Interfaculty Chair of Anatomy and Histology, Medical University of Lodz,, Poland.

Klingler's technique was discovered in the 1930s. It is a modified method of brain fixation and dissection, based on freezing and thawing of the brain tissue, subsequent peeling away of white matter fibers and the gradual exposure of white matter tracts. The added value of this technique is that it is carried out in a stratigraphic manner; This fact makes it an invaluable tool for an in-depth understanding of the complex anatomical organization of the cerebral hemispheres. Read More

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December 2018

Sex and level differences in the diameters of extradural segment of vertebral artery: CT angiographic study.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Banja luka , Department of Anatomy, Save Mrkalja 14, 78000 Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

We investigated diameters of prevertebral -V1, and atlantic -V3 parts of extradural segment of vertebral artery (VA). Variable results from the literature about VA diameters reflect variety of diagnostic and imaging methods, various sample sizes, different levels of measurements, and lack of possible specific ethnic, regional or genetic data. Additionally, the data are often without distinctions of left- right or of sex. Read More

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December 2018

Detection and identification of fungi in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from immunocompromised patients using panfungal PCR.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Internal Medicine - Hematology and Oncology, University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic.

Rapid diagnostics of fungal pneumonia and initiation of appropriate therapy are still challenging. In this study, we used two panfungal assays to test bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) samples to prove their ability to confirm invasive fungal disease diagnosis and identify causative agents. Two methods targeting different fungal rDNA regions were used, and the obtained PCR products were sequenced directly or after cloning. Read More

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December 2018

Aberrations in the female reproductive organs and a role of telocytes in a rat model of anorexia nervosa.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):115-125

Department of Pathophysiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Czysta 18, Kraków, Poland.

Background: Anorexia nervosa is a widely prevalent eating disorder that o en leads to life-threatening complications. Since it mostly concerns females, many authors have focused on studying the reproductive system in anorexic women. Recently discovered telocytes may give a new insight into the pathophysiology of gynecological complications in these patients. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Current treatment of the inguinal hernia - the role of the totally extraperitoneal (TEP) hernia repair.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):103-114

Department of Experimental and Clinical Surgery, Jagiellonian University Medical College Kraków, Poland.

Inguinal hernia repairs are one of the most common procedures performed in general surgical departments. Approximately 20 million hernia repairs are performed annually all over the world. According to the EHS guidelines, the recommended treatment methods of the inguinal hernia are tension-free techniques: the Lichtenstein open hernia repair and the laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) and totally extraperitoneal (TEP) methods. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Identification of uterine telocytes and their architecture in leiomyoma.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):89-102

Department of Pathophysiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland.

Introduction: Uterine leiomyoma is the most widespread benign tumor affecting women of childbearing age. ere are still gaps in the understanding of its pathogenesiss. Telocytes are unique cells described in greater than 50 different locations inside the human body. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Covered perforation of Meckel's diverticulum ulcer to transverse colon: highlighting the urgent intervention and the avoidance of a dramatic evolution (case report and literature review).

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):83-87

Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital of Veria, Veria, Greece.

Meckel's diverticulum represents a remnant of the proximal end of the omphalomesenteric duct, which constitutes a connection between the middle intestine and the vitelline vesicle. It is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract and is found in approximately 0.3-2% of the general population. Read More

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January 2018
5 Reads

The total number of septa and antra in the sphenoid sinuses - evaluation before the FESS.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):67-81

Department of Radiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland.

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to define the total number of septa and the total number of antra in the sphenoid sinuses (created as a result of the presence of additional septa), as well as the relation between the number of the septa and their location in the adult population.

Materials And Methods: e study was conducted as a retrospective analysis of the computed tomography (CT) scans of the paranasal sinuses of 296 patients (147 females and 149 males), who did not present any pathology in the sphenoid sinuses. The CT scans of the paranasal sinuses were done with the spiral CT scanner (Siemens Somatom Sensation 16) by using a standard procedure, in the option Siemens CARE Dose 4D, without using any contrast medium. Read More

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January 2018

Treatment outcomes of pancreatic cancer in the elderly - literature review.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):49-66

3rd Department of General, Oncological and Geriatric Surgery of Jagiellonian University School of Medicine, Prądnicka 35-37, Kraków, Poland.

Background: The older population is very heterogeneous with regard to the co-morbidityand the physical reserve. This can result in unacceptably high postoperative complications rates. Therefore, the aim of the study was to review the literature regarding the outcomes of older patients treated for pancreatic cancer, including the usage of minimal invasive techniques. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Doping in sport - attitude and professional experience among physicians in Poland.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):35-47

Department of Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmacy Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków; Henryk Niewodniczański Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Science, Kraków, Poland.

Introduction: The history of using performance-enhancing substances (PES) is long and it goes back to ancient times. At present, PES are employed at all levels of sport competition, starting from Olympic level contestants to individuals recreationally involved in various sports disciplines.

Purpose: e objective of the study was examining the views on doping in sports in a group of physicians, together with evaluating the frequency of their contacts with this phenomenon, in their professional activities. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Evaluation of the effectiveness of laser photoselective vaporization of the prostate in the treatment of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):23-33

Urology Department Military Institute of Medicine, Szaserów 128, Warszawa, Poland.

Introduction: The prolongation of the life of men results in the growing number of people suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). In 2010, BPH concerned more than 200 million men in the whole world, which at that time made up 6% of the population of men at large. Currently, the population of men in the world amounts about three billion six hundred million. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Risk factors for recoarctation of aorta after Norwood procedure in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):11-21

Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, University Children's Hospital, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Wielicka 265, Kraków, Poland.

Background: Recoarctation (reCoA) of the aorta is a common complication afer the Norwood procedure. Untreated, it can lead to failure of the systemic ventricle and death. The main goal of the study is to define risk factors of reCoA after the Norwood procedure in hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). Read More

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January 2018
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Rediscovered identity of the scaphocephalic skull housed in the museum of the Department of Anatomy of the Medical College of the Jagiellonian University.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):5-10

Department of Anatomy, Jagiellonian University Medical College Kopernika 12, Kraków, Poland.

A personal data referring to the scaphoid skull housed in the Department of Anatomy of the Jagiellonian University, Medical College was established thanks to reviewing 19th century literature performed by Dr. Soficaru. We received information that the skull had belonged to an adult man who was a carpenter, born at Cracow. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Morphology of the lingual papillae of the lion-tailed macaque.

Authors:
Shoichi Emura

Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn 2018 ;95(2):33-36

Heisei College of Health Sciences.

We microscopically examined the dorsal lingual surface of an adult lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus). The tongue of the chimpanzee was about 13 cm long. Filiform papillae on the lingual apex consisted of several pointed processes. Read More

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January 2018

Morphology of the lingual papillae in the leopard.

Authors:
Shoichi Emura

Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn 2018 ;95(2):29-32

Heisei College of Health Sciences.

We microscopically examined the dorsal lingual surface of an old leopard (Panthera pardus). The filiform papillae on the lingual apex were dome-shaped. The connective tissue cores of the filiform papillae resembled a well in shape, while those of the fungiform papillae were not hollow. Read More

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January 2018

Quantitative analysis of the elastic fiber in the tunica media at the carotid bifurcation.

Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn 2018 ;95(2):23-27

Department of Anatomy, Showa University School of Medicine.

In this study, the results of our previously reported technique of quantitative analysis by using microscopic image analysis of tissue image slices to calculate the proportion of the area of the tunica media occupied by of elastic fibers was compared with Janzen et al.'s technique at the carotid bifurcation. This particularly analyzed the area of transition between the common carotid and the internal carotid, to observe the quantitative changes in elastic fiber content. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

An Investigation of Reliability of the Sunderland Tracheosophageal Voice Perceptual Scale.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2018 Dec 4;71(1):16-23. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Plymouth University, Plymouth, United Kingdom.

Background: The Sunderland Tracheosophageal Voice Perceptual scale (SToPS) is the only perceptual rating scale designed specifically for tracheosophageal voice [Hurren et al.: Clin Otolaryngol. 2009 Dec; 34(6): 533-8]. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

A rare case of intracranial malignant triton tumor arising in the middle cranial fossa: a case report and review of the literature.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(3):229-234

We describe a rare case of intracranial malignant triton tumor (MTT) arising in the middle cranial fossa in a 74-year-old female patient who had previously been exposed to radiation in the Chernobyl disaster. The patient underwent a surgical subtotal removal of the mass and radiation therapy, but the progression-free survival was only 2.5 months and death occurred four months after the onset of symptoms. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Vitamin E can compensate the density of M1 receptors in the hippocampus of scopolamine-treated rats.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(3):215-228

M1 muscarinic receptor plays a fundamental role in memory and is closely associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD); it has long been assumed as a therapeutic goal. By activating of the cholinergic receptor vitamin E helps with memory retention. But effects of vitamin E on density of M1 muscarinic receptor-immunoreactive (ir) neurons remain poorly understood. Read More

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January 2018

Persistent attenuation of brain oxidative stress through aging in perinatal maternal separated rat pups supplemented with choline and docosahexaenoic acid or Clitoria ternatea aqueous root extract.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(3):206-214

Introduction: Perinatal maternal separation stress (PMSS) induces brain lipid peroxidation and reduction in endogenous antioxidants. The present study was designed to assess the brain oxidative stress (MDA) and protein thiol levels through various stages of aging in PMSS rat pups supplemented with choline with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or Clitoria ternatea (Linn) aqueous root extract (CTR).

Material And Methods: Study groups, control, PMSS, PMSS + choline with DHA, PMSS + CTR (n = 6/group) were included in the study. Read More

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January 2018

The role of ceramide and SEW 2871 in the transcription of enzymes involved in amyloid b precursor protein metabolism in an experimental model of Alzheimer's disease.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(3):196-205

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by alterations of amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism, accumulation of amyloid  peptides (A), hyperphosphorylation of Tau proteins and also by sphingolipids disturbances. These changes lead to oxidative stress, mitochondria dysfunction, synaptic loss and neuro-inflammation. It is known that A may promote ceramides formation and reversely, ceramides could stimulate A peptides release. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Time-related morphometric studies on CD34 protein expression in the cerebral blood vessels after fatal brain contusions.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(3):187-195

In our previous work, we have discussed the importance of neurofilaments in determination of the age of brain contusions. The purpose of this paper is to examine a possibility of angiogenesis-related assessment of the age of brain contusions by means of morphometric analysis of the CD34 expression in the contused sites. The researched material comprised 90 cases divided into nine groups according to the time of death: immediately on the spot, 12 hours, 24 hours, 2 days, 3 days, 4 days, 5 days, 6 days, and 7 days after the head trauma. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Vorinostat: a histone deacetylases (HDAC) inhibitor ameliorates traumatic brain injury by inducing iNOS/Nrf2/ARE pathway.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(3):179-186

The present investigation evaluates the protective effect of vorinostat on neuronal cells in the traumatic brain injury (TBI) and also postulates the possible mechanism of its action. Marmarou's weight-drop model was used to induce the TBI. Further, animals were treated with vorinostat 100 mg/kg intraperitoneally 30 min before the TBI induction. Read More

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January 2018

Dystrophic neurites accumulating autophagic vacuoles show early stages of neuritic destruction.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(3):175-178

We re-examined the database of some 20,000 electron micrographs from the Echigo-1, the 263K-strain or the 22C-H of scrapie-infected hamsters to look for the cytoplasmic clearance. We reevaluated the largest database in the world of photographed dystrophic neurites for the presence of cytoplasmic clearance as shown in transgenic fruit flies transfected with A-42. In several neurites, we found electron-lucent areas not bound by any membranes or only partially bound; thus, they were not autophagic vacuoles as the latter are membrane-bound and contain cargo. Read More

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January 2018

The level of microRNA 21 is upregulated by rapamycin in serum of tuberous sclerosis complex patients and subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA)-derived cell cultures.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(3):167-174

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) represents a genetic condition, in which the clinical manifestations are caused by the disinhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway due to mutations in the TSC1 (hamartin) or TSC2 (tuberin) genes. The deregulated mTOR activity leads to multi-site tumors, including subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA). SEGA is a brain tumor that affects around 15% of TSC patients. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

The impact of chronic intermittent hypoxia on the expression of intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor in the ischemia-reperfusion rat model.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(3):159-166

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and mechanism of chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) on cerebral injury using the ischemia-reperfusion rat model. In total, 36 SD rats were divided into three groups: pseudo-surgery group (sham group), ischemia-reperfusion (IR) group (CIR group), and CIH intervention group (CIH group). The IR model was established using the suture-occluded method. Read More

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January 2018

[Remarkable recovery in a patient with intradural extramedullary haemangiopericytoma: a case report and literature review].

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(2):151-157

Haemangiopericytomas (HPCs) in the spinal canal are extremely rare and have only been infrequently reported. Severe and sustained spinal cord compression resulting from these intraspinal tumours may cause potentially irreversible neurological impairment. We described a rare case of primary intradural extramedullary HPC recovered from serious compression of thoracic spinal cord in a 65-year-old man suffered from a rapidly progressive disease with complete paralysis of the lower limbs. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Human chorionic gonadotropin decreases the phosphorylated tau protein level in streptozotocin-Alzheimeric male rats' hippocampus.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(2):141-150

Introduction: The pharmacological suppression of luteinising hormone or human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) can reduce Aβ plaques in the brains of rats and mice, but the effects of hCG on the phosphorylated tau protein level in the hippocampus have not been studied. Therefore, we investigated the effects of hCG on the phosphorylated tau protein level and its effect on hCG receptor-immunoreactive neuron density in the hippocampus of Alzheimer's disease (AD) model rats (streptozotocin [STZ] injected intracerebroventricularly).

Material And Methods: The rats were administered hCG (50, 100, and 200 IU/200 µl saline, intraperitoneally) or vehicle once/day for three days after injection of STZ. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Hydroxysafflor yellow A promotes α-synuclein clearance via regulating autophagy in rotenone-induced Parkinson's disease mice.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(2):133-140

Autophagy is an intracellular degradation process that is involved in α-synuclein (α-syn) homeostasis and Parkinson's disease (PD). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) could promote α-syn clearance via regulating autophagy in PD mice. Male C57BL/6 mice were intraperitoneally treated with HSYA. Read More

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January 2018

Evaluation of regenerative processes in the pig model of intervertebral disc degeneration after transplantation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(2):124-132

Introduction: The pathophysiology of degenerative disc disease (DDD) is complex and not fully understood. While surgical treatment and appropriate rehabilitation offer relief of acute symptoms, there is a need to find tissue engineering strategies for intervertebral disc repair to restore healthy higher and histological structure. The purpose of this study was to estimate the survival rate of transplanted cells and their post-delivery integration level at the damage site. Read More

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January 2018

The impact of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells on neovascularisation in rats with brain injury.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(2):112-123

Introduction: The impact of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) on neovascularisation in rats with craniocerebral injury (CI) was investigated.

Material And Methods: The rate CI model was established by the free-fall method, and then rats were randomly divided into a transplanted group (EG) and a control group (CG). Rats in the transplanted group were injected with BM-MSCs in the lateral ventricle, while those in the control group were injected with normal saline. Read More

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January 2018

Pseudopterosin A ameliorates ischaemia-induced brain injury by acting on Akt signalling pathway.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(2):104-111

Introduction: Brain injury caused by ischaemic stroke is a major cause of disability and death throughout the world. The present study evaluates the neuroprotective effect of pseudopterosin A (PtA) against ischaemia-induced brain injury.

Material And Methods: Ischaemia was induced by pMCAO model, and rats were separated in to three groups. Read More

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January 2018

Brain-originated peptides as possible biochemical markers of traumatic brain injury in cerebrospinal fluid post-mortem examination.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(2):97-103

The release of brain-originated peptides such as tau protein (MAPT), S-100β, neurofilament light chain (NFL), and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been positively correlated with head injuries in clinical and basic research. In this study, we wanted to examine if selected CSF biomarkers (GFAP, NFL, and myelin basic protein - MBP) of head injury may be useful in post-mortem examination and diagnosis of forensic cases. The study was carried out using cases of head injury and cases of sudden death (cardiopulmonary failure, no injuries of the head as control group) provided by forensic pathologists at the Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw. Read More

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January 2018

The Erlangen Score Algorithm in the diagnosis and prediction of the progression from subjective cognitive decline and mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer-type dementia.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(2):88-96

The evaluation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease (AD) (β-amyloid, t-tau, p-tau) can be used to estimate the risk of developing dementia in patients at the pre-clinical stages of AD, i.e. subjective cognitive decline (SCD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Aging and cerebrovascular lesions in pure and in mixed neurodegenerative and vascular dementia brains: a neuropathological study.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(2):81-87

Introduction: The prevalence of dementia is increasing in our aging population. Because of the complexity of disease pathology, dementia classifications remain controversial. The present post-mortem study investigates whether there are age differences between dementia brains with a single pure neurodegenerative or cerebrovascular disease and those with mixed pathological features. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

A classical model of educational cooperation in Human Anatomy: the Table Chieftains.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Faculty of Medicine.University of Cádiz, Plaza Fragela s/n, 11003 Cádiz, Spain.

This project has been developed for many years in the Human Anatomy courses. Its good outcomes have been confirmed by years of evidence of excellent results obtained through the learning of Human Anatomy. This method of teaching and learning as one, allows students who are taking Human Anatomy classes to receive practical training in small groups, and transmit it to their colleagues in the practical training established in the Medical degree. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Morphometric study of inferior peroneal retinaculum and contents of inferior peroneal tunnel.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

The aims of this study are to investigate the inferior peroneal retinaculum (IPR) regarding morphometric parameters, and contents in the inferior peroneal tunnel (IP tunnel). One hundred and nine embalmed cadaveric legs were dissected in prone position. The extension band of the IPR was found in 31. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Sex prediction by metric and non-metric analysis of the hard palate and the pyriform aperture.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Integral Adults Dentistry, Dental School, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile; Research Center Of Applied Morphology; Center of Excellence in Morphological and Surgical Sciences.

Background: Analysis of the bones and bone fragments of the cranium may be a useful tool for sex diagnosis in the identification of human remains which have been exposed to adverse conditions. The object of the present study was to evaluate sex prediction through metric and non-metric analysis of the hard palate (HP) and the pyriform aperture (PA), using macerated skulls of adult individuals.

Materials And Methods: We analysed 312 dry skulls of adult individuals of both sexes, studying the metric and non-metric characteristics of the hard palate and pyriform aperture. Read More

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November 2018

The chiggers (Acari: Trombiculidae) on wild birds in Honduras.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Nov 12;65. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Brno, Czech Republic.

The chiggers (Acari: Trombiculidae) Blankaartia sinnamaryi (Floch et Fauran, 1956), Parasecia soucouyanti (Brennan et Yunker, 1966), Eutrombicula lipovskyana (Wolfenbarger, 1952) and Neoschoengastia dalmati Brennan, 1951 were found in Honduras on a total of twelve bird species. Parasecia soucouyanti was recorded parasitising birds for the first time. All these mites are here reported from Honduras for the first time. Read More

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November 2018

Symptoms and Vocal Risk Factors in Individuals with High and Low Anxiety.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2018 Nov 27;71(1):7-15. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Speech-Language Pathology, UFPB, João Pessoa,

Aims: To assess the frequency of vocal symptoms and risk factors in individuals with high and low anxiety and to investigate the relationships among vocal symptoms, risk factors, and anxiety levels.

Patients And Methods: A total of 201 patients of both sexes with a mean age of 42.88 years (SD = 15. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads