4,169 results match your criteria Folia medica[Journal]


Jaspers' Phenomenology.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):373-380

Clínica Universitária de Psiquiatria e Psicologia Médica da Faculdade de MedicinadaUniversidade de Lisboa, Portugal.

Karl Jaspers published the first edition of 'General Psychopathology' in 1913. Now, coinciding with its 100th anniversary whose importance was consecrated through multiple congresses, we see a parallelism and a return to the dilemma of the 'Methodenstreit', which led Karl Jaspers to introduce the phenomenological method for psychopathology to understand the subjective manifestations of the mind. Phenomenology is part of the research and clinical methods in psychiatry and psychology as a way to capture the subjective in psychopathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0009DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Management of High and Very High-Risk Subjects with Familial Hypercholesterolemia: Results from an Observational Study in Bulgaria.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):389-396

Department of General Medicine, Amgen Europe GmbH,Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Background: Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a genetic disorder causing accelerated atherosclerosis and premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). This retrospective observational study examined the clinical characteristics and management of FH subjects in Bulgaria over a 12-month period.

Materials And Methods: Twelve cardiology sites participated in this study from May 2015 to May 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0020DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Pattern and Factors Associated with Medicine Usage in Middle-aged Adults: a Population Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):425-432

Faculty of Medicine, Fehmi Agani University of Gjakova, Gjakovë, Kosovo.

Aim: The present study analyzes the adherence phenomenon and possible correlations between active individuals and their educational status on the prevalence of medicine use in the population of a young and developing country such as Kosova.

Materials And Methods: This is an observational, cross-sectional, research study including a total number of 162 subjects aged 40-65 years residents of Kosova. Gender distribution was: 32. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0004DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Bacterial Co-infections in HIV/AIDS-positive Subjects: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):339-350

Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran.

Background: Bacterial infections are the most common complications in people with HIV/AIDS. There has been no previous report on the prevalence of bacterial co-infections in Iranian HIV/AIDS-positive subjects.

Aim: To evaluate the frequency of bacterial infections in hospitalized HIV/AIDS-infected patients in Iran. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/folmed.2018.60.issue-3/folme
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0007DOI Listing
September 2018
9 Reads

Biomarkers in COPD - Challenging, Real or Illusive.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):351-363

Department of Internal Medicine, St Sofia University Hospital of Respiratory Diseases, Medical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Biomarker research in COPD is becoming the most rapidly progressing sphere in respiratory medicine. Although "omics" generate a huge amount of biomarkers, fibrinogen is the only one validated by the European Medicines Agency. Thousands of studies analyzing different biological samples from the respiratory tract, collected in different ways, using various kits and techniques are generating more and more data, rendering biomarkers very confusing rather than having practical value. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0018DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

ALK Mutation Status in EGFR-negative Non-small-cell Lung Cancer Patients in Bulgaria.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):397-401

Faculty of Public Health, Medical University, Pleven, Bulgaria.

Background: Patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement mutation are found to be 3-13%.

Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of ALK mutations in EGFR-negative NSCLC patients in Bulgaria.

Materials And Methods: One hundred and thirty-two patients with EGFR-negative NSCLC were examined for ALK mutation analysis between January and June 2016. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/folmed.2018.60.issue-3/folme
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0010DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

Autofluorescence and White Light Bronchoscopy in the Diagnosis of Endobronchial Malignant Lesions.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):439-446

Pulmonary Clinic, University Hospital, Pleven, Bulgaria.

Background: Autofluorescence bronchoscopy (AFB) allows a more sensitive approach to the diagnosis of premalignant and malignant endobronchial lesions than white light bronchoscopy (WLB) can do.

Aim: To assess the autofluorescence bronchoscopy and white light bronchoscopy in diagnosing malignant endobronchial lesions.

Materials And Methods: The design of the study is a retrospective case-control study. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/folmed.2018.60.issue-3/folme
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0021DOI Listing
September 2018
13 Reads

Clinical Significance of Fine Needle Aspiration in Managing Patients with Breast Lesions.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):364-372

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg, Germany.

Background: Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has been and still is challenged about its role in the management of breast lesions. Guidelines today mandate that breast lesions should be managed with a triple assessment system consisting of clinical, radiological, and pathological evaluation.

Aim: This article will try and clarify whether FNAC stands as a tool in this assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0002DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Clinical Evaluation of CAD/CAM Indirect Zirconia Restorations of Severely Destroyed Vital Teeth in the Posterior Area - Early Clinical Results.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):402-410

Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Background: Dental applications of CAD/CAM concept have been available for almost 30 years. They have allowed dentists to work with novel materials with better properties. One of these materials is zirconia ceramic. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/folmed.2018.60.issue-3/folme
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0013DOI Listing
September 2018
16 Reads

Anthropological Characteristic of the Distribution of Adipose Tissue in Bulgarian Females with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):411-416

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Background: The complex study of adipose tissue in women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is of importance for the clinical course and prognosis of the disease.

Aim: To study the distribution of adipose tissue in Bulgarian females with T2DM.

Patients And Methods: The study included 92 women with T2DM (age range 40-60 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0005DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Bulgarian Experience with Adverse Drug Reaction Reports from Patients and Consumers - Retrospective Data-base Study.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):447-453

Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Background: Since 2012, in compliance with the changes in the European legislation, the Bulgarian Drug Agency (BDA) has been receiving adverse drug reaction (ADR) reports directly from patients as well as from healthcare professionals and marketing authorization holders (MAH). Adverse reaction reports from patients and consumers have different characteristics from those sent by healthcare professionals. Moreover, they may require specific algorithm and assessment methods in order to be informative and beneficial to the pharmacovigilance system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0016DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Effects of Low Level Laser Therapy on Erosive-atrophic Oral Lichen Planus.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):417-424

Department of Periodontology and Oral Diseases, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Plovdiv.

Background: The erosive-atrophic form of oral lichen planus (OLP) is associated with severe pain and burning sensation and is often unresponsive to treatment. Topical corticosteroids are considered as a medication of first choice but they can produce adverse effects. Therefore, new therapeutic approaches are required. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/folmed.2018.60.issue-3/folme
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0008DOI Listing
September 2018
16 Reads

Femoral Expandable Prosthesis In Bone Tumor of an Adult: A Case Report.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):483-489

Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, Section of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Universita degli Studi di Messina, Messina ME, Italy.

Management of bone tumors of the limbs is still a field to be explored. The problems to be faced are diff erent, especially when the lower limbs are the point of interest, due to the diff erent leg length residual. A possible solution, provided by new technologies, is the use of electromagnetic expandable prosthesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0019DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Adjacent Single-level Combined Fixation Using Kyphoplasty and Percutaneous Pedicle Screws in Type A3 Unstable Vertebral Fractures in Elderly Patients.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):474-478

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital of Elche, Alicante, Spain.

We present a series of cases of type A3.1.2 unstable fractures of the thoracolumbar hinge treated percutaneously with third-generation kyphoplasty and only one next level percutaneous screws. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/folmed.2018.60.issue-3/folme
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0011DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

Beneficial Effects of Olive Oil on the Rats' Cerebellum: Functional and Structural Evidence.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):454-463

Histomorphometry and Stereology Research Centre, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Olive oil is a food additive and used in many biological studies as a solvent for other chemicals, including drugs.

Aim: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of olive oil on rats' cerebellum structure and motor function.

Materials And Methods: Male rats were randomly divided into two groups orally receiving distilled water and olive oil (1 ml/kg/day). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0022DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Experimental Study of the Analgesic Effect of the Antidepressant Escitalopram.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):433-438

Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Background: Antidepressants have been found to possess antinociceptive and analgesic properties and are prescribed in the treatment of chronic pain.

Aim: To evaluate the antinociceptive properties of escitalopram after a single administration.

Materials And Methods: Forty Wistar rats were used in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0003DOI Listing
September 2018
12 Reads

An Unusual and Rare Case of Food-dependent Exercise-induced Anaphylaxis Caused by Ingestion of Potatoes.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):479-482

Department of Clinical Laboratory and Immunology, Laboratory of Clinical Immunology, Military Medical Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is an unusual and under-recognized form of exercise induced anaphylaxis, which usually occurs if exercise takes place within a few hours after ingestion of sensitizing food, but in some cases may also arise if food follows the exercise. We report a case of a 31-year-old woman who presented to our Department with a history of repeated episodes of acute allergic reactions, triggered by physical activity, after consumption of various vegetables and legumes. This is the first described case of FDEIA in Bulgaria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0014DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Clinical and Histopathological Findings of Chordomas: a Case Report.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Sep;60(3):468-473

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Kahramanmaras, Turkey.

Chordomas are rare malignant tumors that develop from the residual of embryonic notochord. These tumors may be seen along the spine and have a local aggressive progression. Skull base chordomas often originate from the clivus as localization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0006DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Obesity is Associated with Upgrading in Prostate Cancers.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):221-225

Department of Urology, Çorum Training and Research Hospital, Hitit University, Çorum, Turkey.

Background: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common cancer and sixth most common cause of cancer associated death among men in the world. Multiple studies demonstrated the relationship between obesity and PCa in the recent years.

Aim: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of obesity on postoperative oncological results after radical prostatectomy. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/folmed.2017.60.issue-2/folme
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0088DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Progressive Scoliosis and Syringomyelia - Questions of Surgical Approach.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):261-269

Novosibirsk Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics, n.a. Ya.L. Tsivyan,Novosibirsk, Russia.

Background: The rate of scoliosis in syringomyelia patients ranges from 25 to 74.4%. In turn, syringomyelia occurs in 1. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/folmed.2017.60.issue-2/folme
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0099DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

Influence of Platelet Aggregation Modulators on Cyclic AMP Production in Human Thrombocytes.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):241-247

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Background: Cyclic AMP is a powerful inhibitor of platelet aggregation. In the present study we examined the effect of platelet aggregation modulators on cyclic AMP content in human thrombocytes. Of the agents we tested, lactoferrin, wortmannin, quercetin and amiloride are platelet aggregation inhibitors, whereas ouabain is a platelet activator. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/folmed.2017.60.issue-2/folme
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0091DOI Listing
June 2018
13 Reads

A Role of Cytokine Gene Polymorphisms in Cognitive Functioning.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):191-199

Department of Molecular Biology, Immunology and Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Trakia University, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria.

The changes in cognitive functions that occur with aging and in various pathological conditions are a subject of growing interest. Experimental and clinical data justify the hypothesis about the influence the immune system exerts on cognitive processes. The balance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines has been established as a necessary factor for normal cognitive functioning. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/folmed.2017.60.issue-2/folme
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0094DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

A Rare Case of Primary Histiocytic Sarcoma of the Stomach.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):318-322

Clinic of Hematology, Military Medical Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Histiocytic sarcoma is a rare lymphohematopoietic malignancy with aggressive clinical course and poor therapy response. The diagnosis relies on the confirmation of its histiocytic lineage and exclusion of other poorly differentiated tumors. Most of the cases present in extranodal sites, but primary gastric involvement is exceptional. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/folmed.2017.60.issue-2/folme
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0075DOI Listing
June 2018
20 Reads

Influence of Er:YAG Laser on Objective and Subjective Parameters of Stress during Sealant Application in Children.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):275-282

Department of Medical Informatics, Biostatistics, E-learning, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Plovdiv.

Background: Acceptance of lasers as alternatives and accessory tools to traditional methods in dental medicine has created an explosion of interest. Er:YAG laser is recommended for enamel conditioning. There is no study evaluating the anxiety in children during fissure sealing procedures when using Er:YAG laser compared to the routine application technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0086DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

A Case of Subconjunctival Dirofilariasis in Bulgaria.

Authors:
Nina S Stoyanova

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):323-327

Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty, Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

We report a case of subconjunctival invasion of Dirofilaria repens in a woman from Southern Bulgaria. Dirofilariasis is an extremely rare parasitic disease for Bulgaria. It occurs as an endemic parasitosis in the Mediterranean countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0097DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads

Perioperative Blood Management in Posterior Instrumented Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Original Study and Short Review of the Literature.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):200-207

1st Orthopaedic Department, G. Papanikolaou General Hospital, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Background: The potential hazards of allogeneic blood transfusion are well established in literature. Few things are known, however, about the results of combining different blood saving techniques and their results in avoiding allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT) in scoliosis surgery.

Aim: To report specific results about utilization of preoperative autologous blood donation (PABD) and intraoperative blood-saver (BLDS) in conjunction, aiming to minimize the need for ABT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0100DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

A Comparative Quantitative Analysis of the Postnatal Changes in the Myocardium of the Left and Right Ventricles in Rats.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):226-233

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Medical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Background: The growth of the heart during the foetal and early postnatal development takes places mainly due to hyperplasia. The late postnatal development is characterised by cardiomyocytic hypertrophy in response to normal physiological mechanisms and increased load. To study the cell size most authors measure the diameter either directly or indirectly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0089DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Cardiac Echinococcosis Involving Left Ventricular Myocardium in an 18-Year-Old Patient.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):308-313

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulagaria.

The hydatid disease is one of the most common tapeworm infections. It is caused most commonly by Echinococcus granulosus and has an endemic distribution. The transmission to humans, which are intermediate hosts, occurs by ingestion of contaminated food and water or by direct contact with infected animals. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/folmed.2017.60.issue-2/folme
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0081DOI Listing
June 2018
11 Reads

In Vivo Collection and SEM Identification of Oral Biofilm Using Indirect Composite Prototype Restorations. Clinical and Laboratory Study.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):300-307

Department of Microbiology, University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Background: The oral ecosystem is a dynamic environment inhabited by more than 700 microbial taxa. Recent studies report that multispecies oral biofilms develop on the surface of resin composites leading to degradation of its organic matrix and altered structural stability of the restoration.

Aim: To examine the efficacy of a novel clinical approach to investigating in vivo formed biofilms on resin composite surfaces. Read More

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http://content.sciendo.com/view/journals/folmed/60/2/article
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0092DOI Listing
June 2018
10 Reads

Genetically Determined TNF-α Secretion Influences the Development of Dermatomyositis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):216-220

Department of Medical Chemistry and Biochemistry, Molecular Medicine Center, Medical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Background: Abnormal secretion of TNF-α is known to play a role in the pathogenesis of dermatomyositis and systemic lupus erythematosus.

Materials And Methods: In the present study we have analyzed the concentrations of TNF-α in the sera of 30 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 28 with dermatomyositis (DM) and 30 healthy controls by standard ELISA tests.

Results: We have found that -308A allele increases TNF-α secretion, while -1031C and -863A alleles decrease it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0084DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

In Vivo Evaluation of Anti-inflammatory Activity of 2-[3-Acetyl- 5-(4-chloro-phenyl)-2-methyl-pyrrol-1-yl]-4-methylsulfanylbutyric Acid.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):270-274

Department of Organic Synthesis and Fuels, Faculty of Chemical Technologies, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Background: Persisting inflammatory stimuli cause chronic inflammation recognized as the major factor contributing to the development of a number of diseases. One group of drugs used in the treatment of chronic inflammation is the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and, more specifically, the selective COX-2 inhibitors (coxibs). However, most of the coxibs were withdrawn from the market in view of their safety profile. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0095DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

Root Development of Permanent Incisors and Mandibular Molars in Correlation with Treatment Plan.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):283-290

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Background: The incisors and molars play a major role in the formation and function of permanent dentition. Much research has been devoted to investigating the eruption of teeth and their root development.

Aim: To study the root development of permanent incisors and mandibular molars in correlation with treatment plan and proper treatment protocols. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/folmed.2017.60.issue-2/folme
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0093DOI Listing
June 2018
12 Reads

Osteoid Osteoma of the Middle Phalanx of the Third Finger in a Child Mimicking a Malignancy.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):314-317

Department of Cardiology, St. Ekaterina University Hospital, Medical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Osteoid osteoma is a rare occurrence in the hand, especially in children. We report here a rare case of a 12-year-old boy complaining of growing painful swelling of the middle phalanx of the third finger that had started 3 months earlier and had not responded to anti-inflammatory medication. Based on the clinical findings and plain radiographs, osteomyelitis or Ewing's sarcoma was suspected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0085DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Analgesic Effect of Local Infiltration of the Surgical Wound Containing Levobupivacaine, Ibuprofen, and Epinephrine in Rats Undergoing Laparotomy.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):254-260

School of Pharmacy, RK University, Rajkot-360020, Gujarat,India.

Background: Inappropriate use of drugs and their combinations for analgesics has made it difficult to determine the optimal drug combinations for pain mangement.

Aim: To reduce postoperative pain effectively and safely.

Materials And Methods: Laparotomy was performed in an adult rat under isoflurane anesthesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0096DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

An Epidemiological Study of Non-specific Low Back Pain in Non-professional Female Greek Classic Ballet Dancers.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):248-253

Department of Kinesitherapy, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University of Sofia, Department of Medical Imaging, Allergology & Physiotherapy, Medical University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Aim: Epidemiological study of the incidence of mechanical low back pain (LBP) in non-professional female Greek classic ballet dancers over a year and therapeutic interventions required to address symptoms.

Materials And Methods: Forty-six female classic ballet dancers members of preprofessional schools, aged 16-37 years (mean 28.8 ±5. Read More

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http://content.sciendo.com/view/journals/folmed/60/2/article
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0087DOI Listing
June 2018
13 Reads

Clinical Assessment of Endodontically Treated Teeth, Restored with or without Radicular Posts.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):291-299

Department of Applied and Institutional Sociology, University of Plovdiv Paisii Hilendarski, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Background: The reduced fracture resistance in endodontically treated teeth requires the use of radicular posts, with their advantages and disadvantages.

Aim: To evaluate the clinical performance of teeth restored with or without radicular posts at 6 and 12 months.

Materials And Methods: The study included 22 patients who received endodontic therapy on premolars with a loss of one or two proximal walls. Read More

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http://content.sciendo.com/view/journals/folmed/60/2/article
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0098DOI Listing
June 2018
9 Reads

Treatment of Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Bulgaria.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):234-240

Clinic of Children's Oncohematology and Transplantation, Queen Johanna University Hospital - ISUL, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Background: During the last four decades the prognosis of childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has been substantially improved due to an increase in complete remission (CR) rates, event-free survival (EFS) and reduced early mortality. The relapsed AML still remains a therapeutic challenge.

Aim: To report the AML treatment results of the Bulgarian pediatric oncohematological centers. Read More

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http://content.sciendo.com/view/journals/folmed/60/2/article
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0090DOI Listing
June 2018
15 Reads

The Role of Taylor Spatial Frame in the Treatment of Blount Disease.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Jun;60(2):208-215

Pediatric Orthopaedics, Iaso Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Background: Alteration of the posteromedial part of the proximal tibia is the main characteristic of Blount's disease and if left untreated, leg alignment and normal development of the lower limbs may be compromised.

Aim: To report treatment outcomes in children with Blount's disease using the Taylor Spatial Frame (TSF).

Materials And Methods: From January 2007 to December 2014, 16 young children (24 tibia) with a mean age of 7. Read More

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http://content.sciendo.com/view/journals/folmed/60/2/article
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0082DOI Listing
June 2018
9 Reads

Electrodermal Activity Monitoring during Endotracheal Suction in Sedated Adult Intensive Care Unit Patients.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Mar;60(1):92-101

Laboratory of Physiology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Background: Endotracheal suctioning of respiratory secretions is one of the most common causes of pain and discomfort in Intensive Care Unit environment. The electrical properties of the skin, also known as electrodermal activity (EDA), are considered as an indirect measure of autonomous nervous system.

Aim: This study explores EDA changes during endotracheal suction in sedated adult critical care patients; and compares these changes to other monitoring parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0063DOI Listing
March 2018
5 Reads

Mobilization and Stimulation of Neuromuscular Tissue (MASONT) for Stroke Survivors.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Mar;60(1):158-163

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Center EVEXIA, Kallikratia, Chalikidiki,Greece.

Mobilization and Stimulation of Neuromuscular Tissue (MASONT) is a newly invented somatosensory intervention used for the recovery of function in stroke patients. This paper aims to offer a more spherical view on the new technique. To that end, a basic manual of MASONT's application is provided, along with its rational of use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0074DOI Listing
March 2018
4 Reads

Relations of Apelin with Cardiac Remodeling in Patients with Hypertension and Type 2 Diabetes.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Mar;60(1):117-123

L. T. Malaya Therapy National Institute of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Background: The peptide apelin has antihypertensive and antidiabetic properties, but its role in the processes of cardiac remodeling in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes (T2D) is poorly understood.

Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate apelin levels in patients with hyper-tension and T2D and to determine its relations to heart structural parameters and types of cardiac remodeling.

Materials And Methods: We examined 63 patients with hypertension and T2D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0066DOI Listing
March 2018
4 Reads

Mucocele of the Paranasal Sinuses - Retrospective Analysis of a Series of Seven Cases.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Mar;60(1):147-153

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Aim: The present study aimed at identifying the risk factors, typical clinical symptoms and applied treatment in seven cases with mucocele of the paranasal sinuses.

Materials And Methods: Seven patients suffering from mucocele of the paranasal sinuses were admitted to the Clinic of Neurosurgery and the Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases between 2014 and 2016. There were 4 females and 3 males aged between 22 and 78 (95% CI [31. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0077DOI Listing
March 2018
9 Reads

On the Concepts and History of Glioblastoma Multiforme - Morphology, Genetics and Epigenetics.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Mar;60(1):48-66

Department of General and Clinical Pathology, Forensic Medicine and Deontology, Prof Dr. Paraskev Stoyanov Medical University, Varna, Bulgaria.

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a grade IV WHO malignant tumor with astrocytic differentiation. As one of the most common clinically diagnosed central nervous system (CNS) oncological entries, there have been a wide variety of historical reports of the description and evolution of ideas regarding these tumors. The first recorded reports of gliomas were given in British scientific reports, by Berns in 1800 and in 1804 by Abernety, with the first comprehensive histomorphological description being given in 1865 by Rudolf Virchow. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0069DOI Listing
March 2018
4 Reads

Probiotics: Evidence of Oral Health Implications.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Mar;60(1):21-29

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

The prevalence of common oral diseases, such as dental caries, periodontal diseases and oral candidiasis remains high in the general population. Various preventive strategies have been proposed and included in national health programs promoting oral health. Interest in probiotics in light of oral health has gradually evolved as attractive means in prevention of oral infectious diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0080DOI Listing
March 2018
5 Reads

Review on Retinal Gliosis Illustrated with a Series of Massive Glioses and Focal Nodular Gliosis Cases in Regard to Potential Pitfalls of Ocular Reactive Tumor-like Lesions of this Type.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Mar;60(1):30-38

Department of Medical Pathomorphology, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.

This paper presents a review on retinal gliosis illustrated by series of three cases of patients (a 39-year-old man and a 35-year-old woman with massive retinal gliosis (MRG) and a 51-year-old man with truly focal nodular gliosis of retina) with intraocular tumor-like masses and loss of vision, who recently suffered from painful inflammation of eyeball and who classically had a history of remote ocular trauma, onset of blindness early in lifetime or gradual but progressive loss of sight. The diagnosis of this pathological entity is given for the lesions that are composed of GFAP strongly positive, elongated, fusiform cells consistent with fibrillary astrocytes. As illustrated in cases from our pathological practice, PAS gave positive patchy disseminated reaction in form of cellular densely purplish granules in minority of cells representing glycogen storing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0061DOI Listing
March 2018
8 Reads

Lateral Cephalometric Study in Adult Bulgarians with Normal Occlusion.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Mar;60(1):141-146

Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Orthodontic treatment is effective when the facial and cephalometric characteristics of the ethnic background of patients are considered because the normal measurements for one group are not necessarily normal for another group. It is important to develop individual standards for each population. Different racial groups must be treated according to their own characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0072DOI Listing
March 2018
4 Reads

Identification of the External Branch of the Superior Laryngeal Nerve during Thyroid Surgery.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Mar;60(1):154-157

Department of Biological Sciences, Wellesley College, USA.

Aim: To compare the level of intra-operative identification of external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) through classical conventional clinical methods of prevention against those applying intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM).

Materials And Methods: The study included 102 patients with interventions on the thyroid gland performed in the surgical clinics of St George University Hospital and the Department of Special Surgery of Plovdiv Medical University. All operative procedures were performed by the standard technique of capsular dissection and IONM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0083DOI Listing
March 2018
4 Reads

The Skin and the Eye - Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus in a Healthy 18-month-old Toddler.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Mar;60(1):170-174

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Herpes zoster, caused by reactivation of varicella-zoster virus, is uncommon in infancy. Even more uncommon is herpes zoster ophthalmicus, defined as herpes zoster of the ophthalmic branch of the fifth cranial nerve. Among healthy children, primary varicella-zoster virus infection during gestation as a result of maternal varicella or the first year of life is the major risk factor for development of herpes zoster in a relatively young age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/folmed-2017-0064DOI Listing
March 2018
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Can Wearable Devices Accurately Measure Heart Rate Variability? A Systematic Review.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2018 Mar;60(1):7-20

Medical Physics Simulation Center, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Background: A growing number of wearable devices claim to provide accurate, cheap and easily applicable heart rate variability (HRV) indices. This is mainly accomplished by using wearable photoplethysmography (PPG) and/or electrocardiography (ECG), through simple and non-invasive techniques, as a substitute of the gold standard RR interval estimation through electrocardiogram. Although the agreement between pulse rate variability (PRV) and HRV has been evaluated in the literature, the reported results are still inconclusive especially when using wearable devices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/folmed-2018-0012DOI Listing
March 2018
4 Reads