40,060 results match your criteria Folia histochemica et cytobiologica / Polish Academy of Sciences Polish Histochemical and Cytochemical Society[Journal]


Opposite regulation of Wnt/β-catenin and Shh signaling pathways by Rack1 controls mammalian cerebellar development.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Neurobiology, Beijing Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, 100850 Beijing, China;

The development of the cerebellum depends on intricate processes of neurogenesis, migration, and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) and progenitor cells. Defective cerebellar development often results in motor dysfunctions and psychiatric disorders. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that underlie the complex development of the cerebellum will facilitate the development of novel treatment options. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1813244116DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluation of maxillary sinus anatomical variations and pathologies in elderly, young, posterior dentate and edentulous patient groups with cone beam computed tomography.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

İnönü University, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of maxillary sinus pathologies and anatomic variations in elderly and edentulous patients by using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Material S And Methods: The study included elderly and young patient groups. The elderly group involved posterior edentulous and dentate patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0013DOI Listing
February 2019

Detection of root canals in historical population from Radom (Poland).

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Medical University of Warsaw, 02-006 Warsaw.

The aim of this study was to analyze the number of root canals in maxillary first premolars, first molars and mandibular first molars teeth from an 18th - 19th century Radom (Poland) population, and then assess whether the diversity of root canals has fluctuated for about two hundred years. A total of 139 human permanent teeth were analyzed by Cone Beam Computed Tomography in three projections. The types of root canal systems were classified in each tooth root separately. Read More

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https://journals.viamedica.pl/folia_morphologica/article/vie
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0014DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Configuration of the circle of Willis and its two parts among Egyptian: a magnetic resonance angiographic study.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Anatomy Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, Egypt.

Background: We hypothesized that the collateral circulation differs in different ethnic groups. So, the aim of our work was to study variations of the circle of Willis (COW) among Egyptian and to compare our findings with the findings of other nationalities.

Material And Methods: One hundred patients were studied using magnetic resonance angiographic (3D-TOF-MRA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0015DOI Listing
February 2019

First Report of Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans Causing Mottled Stripe Disease on Sugarcane in China.

Plant Dis 2010 Mar;94(3):379

College of Environment and Plant Protection, Key Laboratory of Protection and Development Utilization of Tropical Crop Germplasm Resources, Hainan University, Hainan Province, China.

Narrow, red stripes were observed on leaves and sheaths of sugarcane in 2007 in DanZhou County of Hainan Province and XuWen County of GuangDong Province, China. Stripes were parallel to the leaf veins. Some stripes were short (2 to 10 cm) and some were >1 m long, extending from the base of leaves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-94-3-0379BDOI Listing

Microencapsulation of phages to analyze their demeanor in physiological conditions.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

National Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology (INSAT), University of Carthage, Zone Urbaine Nord, 1080, Tunis, Tunisia.

Nowadays, phage therapy emerges as one of the alternative solutions to the problems arising from antibiotic resistance in pathogenic bacteria. Although phage therapy has been successfully applied both in vitro and in vivo, one of the biggest concerns in this regard is the stability of phages in body environment. Within the scope of this study, microencapsulation technology was used to increase the resistance of phages to physiological conditions, and the resulting microcapsules were tested in environments simulating body conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00688-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Metabolic profiling of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. conglutinans race 2 in dual cultures with biocontrol agents Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Trichoderma harzianum.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Institute of Microbiology of the CAS, v.v.i., Vídeňská 1083, 14220, Prague 4, Czech Republic.

There are increasing efforts to identify biocontrol-active microbial metabolites in order to improve strategies for biocontrol of phytopathogens. In this work, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00690-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Analysis of risk factors and outcomes of Clostridium difficile infection.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(4):105-116

Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków; University Hospital in Kraków, Poland.

Introduction: Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a Gram-positive, anaerobic rod-shaped bacteria, widely spread in the human environment. In the last decade, the frequency and severity of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) have been increasing, making this particular disease one of the most significant nosocomial infections. Read More

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January 2018
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Pigmented villonodular synovitis.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(4):93-104

Human Anatomy Department, Medical University of Lublin; Radiology Department, St Johns' Cancer Center; Lublin, Poland.

Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a benign disease that rarely undergoes malignant transformation. There are two types of disease: localized (nodular tenosynovitis) and di used (pigmented villonodular synovitis/tenosynovitis) with intra- or extra-articular locations. The second one is limited to synovium of the burse (PVNB) or tendon sheath (PVNTS). Read More

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January 2018

Management of high risk pulmonary embolism - a single center experience.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(4):75-83

Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Background And Aim: Patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE) associated with hemodynamic instability, i.e. high-risk APE (HR-APE), are at risk for early mortality and require urgent reperfusion therapy with thrombolysis or embolectomy. Read More

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January 2018

Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio at the early phase of acute pancreatitis correlates with serum urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor and interleukin 6 and predicts organ failure.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(4):57-74

Department of Medical Diagnostics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jagiellonian University Medical College Kraków, Poland.

Background: In early phase of acute pancreatitis (AP), systemic inflammatory response syndrome may lead to organ failure. The severe form of AP is associated with high mortality that may be prevented by timely diagnosis and treatment of the predicted severe cases. Serum interleukin 6 (IL-6) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) have been proposed as accurate early markers of severe AP. Read More

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January 2018

Chronic heart failure in the elderly: still a current medical problem.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(4):47-56

John Paul II Hospital, Kraków; Department of Coronary Disease, Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College Kraków, Poland.

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is the final stage in several heart diseases. The diagnosis of CHF in older patients is a challenge. Preserved left ventricular systolic function is a characteristic type of CHF in seniors. Read More

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January 2018

Causes of secondary hypertension from a single center in Northern Greece; a retrospective clinical study.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(4):35-45

Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital of Veria, Veria, Greece.

Hypertension constitutes one of the most common diseases leading patients to the Outpatient Departments. Idiopathic hypertension is the prevailing type, but on the other hand, the possible presence of clinical entities responsible for the development of secondary hypertension should never be underestimated. We retrospectively studied 447 subjects aged between 20 and 84 years old and diagnosed with hypertension, who were thoroughly evaluated for secondary hypertension. Read More

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January 2018
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E ect of the pulsed electromagnetic field on the release of inflammatory mediators from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in rats.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(4):21-34

Department of Pathophysiology Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland.

Objective: The aim of this study was to verify if the exposure to the pulsed electromagnetic eld (PEMF) influenced the release of proinflammatory cytokines from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) of normal and overweight rats of various age and sex. Moreover, we compared body temperatures of normal-weight and overweight rats.

Methods: ADSCs of Wistar rats were isolated from the subcutaneous area in females and paratesticular region in males, cultured and exposed to PEMF (7 Hz, 30 mT). Read More

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January 2018

To assess the level of merit and practicality of an innovative and specialized course with the objective to reduce mortality in trauma patients (European Trauma Course in Poland. Evaluation of implementation).

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(4):13-20

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland.

Introduction: Trauma is one of the leading causes of death in the European Union. The European Trauma Course (ETC) is a training course that focuses on administering aid to trauma patients in a Hospital's Emergency Department by creating an effective and well-organized trauma team. The purpose of the study is to analyze how the ETC training is evaluated by its participants and whether it is tailored to local needs. Read More

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January 2018

Printable 3D model of the sella turcica region including the interclinoid bridge.

Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(4):5-12

Faculty of Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland.

The objective of the study was to create a printable 3D model of the sellar region of the sphenoid bone for demonstrating anatomical variant of the osseous bridging between anterior and posterior clinoid processes. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the middle cranial fossa along with 3D printed model, allow for accurate depicting position of the interclinoid bridge with reference to other basicranial structures. Read More

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January 2018

Probiotic characteristics of bacteriocin-producing Enterococcus faecium strains isolated from human milk and colostrum.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Department of Food Technology, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Çanakkale, Turkey.

As potential probiotic traits of human milk-isolated bacteria have increasingly been recognized, this study aimed to evaluate the probiotic properties of bacteriocin-producing Enterococcus faecium strains isolated from human milk and colostrum. Among 118 human milk- and colostrum-isolated lactic cocci, only 29 were identified as Enterococcus. Of these, only four Enterococcus faecium isolates exhibited bacteriocigenic activity against several pathogenic Gram-positive bacteria, including Listeria monocytogenes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00687-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Structure-based design of δ-lactones for new antifungal drug development: susceptibility, mechanism of action, and toxicity.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Laboratory of Applied Mycology, Department of Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Dermatophytes are the etiological agents of cutaneous mycoses, including the prevalent nail infections and athlete's foot. Candida spp. are opportunistic and emerging pathogens, causing superficial to deeper infections related to high mortality rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-018-00675-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Multielemental Chemical Analysis of Elements in Mandibular Bone and Teeth in the Rat.

Folia Biol (Praha) 2018 ;64(4):84-96

Institute of Physiology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Czech Republic.

The original article was published in Folia Biologica (Praha) Volume 64, No. 3 (2018), 84-96. Read More

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January 2018

Native High-Density Lipoprotein and Melatonin Improve Platelet Response Induced by Glycated Lipoproteins.

Folia Biol (Praha) 2018 ;64(4):144-152

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Marmara University, İstanbul, Turkey.

Activated platelets and glycated lipoproteins are responsible for atherothrombosis in diabetics. Melatonin and native high-density lipoproteins are crucial in the preservation of pro/oxidant-antioxidant balance. The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vitro effects of native high-density lipoproteins and melatonin on altering the platelet response induced by glycated lipoproteins. Read More

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January 2018
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Comparison of Fully Automated and Semi-Automated Methods for Species Identification.

Folia Biol (Praha) 2018 ;64(4):137-143

Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

The process of manual species identification is a daunting task, so much so that the number of taxonomists is seen to be declining. In order to assist taxonomists, many methods and algorithms have been proposed to develop semi-automated and fully automated systems for species identification. While semi-automated tools would require manual intervention by a domain expert, fully automated tools are assumed to be not as reliable as manual or semiautomated identification tools. Read More

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January 2018
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Epigenetic View on Interferon γ Signalling in Tumour Cells.

Folia Biol (Praha) 2018 ;64(4):125-136

Laboratory of Immunological and Tumour Models, Institute of Molecular Genetics of the ASCR, v. v. i, Prague, Czech Republic.

IFN-γ is a pleiotropic cytokine crucial for both innate and adaptive immunity, which also plays a critical role in immunological surveillance of cancer. Genetic defects or gene silencing in the IFN-γ signal transduction pathways as well as in the expression of IFN-γ-regulated genes represent frequent mechanisms by which tumour cells can escape from immune responses. Epigenetic control of the IFN-γ signalling pathway activation associated with epigenetic changes in the corresponding regulatory gene regions, such as chromatin remodelling, histone acetylation and methylation, and DNA demethylation is frequently dysregulated in tumour cells. Read More

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January 2018
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Cell Membrane-Derived Microvesicles in Systemic Inflammatory Response.

Folia Biol (Praha) 2018 ;64(4):113-124

Institute of Pathological Physiology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Human body reacts to physical, chemical and biological insults with a complex inflammatory reaction. Crucial components and executors of this response are endothelial cells, platelets, white blood cells, plasmatic coagulation system, and complement. Endothelial injury and inflammation are associated with elevated blood levels of cell membrane-derived microvesicles. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Characterization of Salmonella Typhimurium and its monophasic variant 1,4, [5],12:i:- isolated from different sources.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Food and Feed Control; Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Mezzogiorno, Via salute, 2., 80055, Portici, Naples, Italy.

In order to characterize the most commonly detected Salmonella serotypes, we tested 124 isolates of S. Typhimurium and 89 isolates of the monophasic variant of S. Typhimurium (S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00683-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Fecal coagulase-negative staphylococci from horses, their species variability, and biofilm formation.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

The Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, Polish Academy of Sciences, Instytucka 3, 05 110, Jablonna, Poland.

The intestinal microbiota has enormous impact on the health and performance of horses. Staphylococci belong in the phylum Firmicutes, and their occurrence, especially of methicillin-resistant strains and species, has been reported in horses previously. Moreover, biofilm formation is one of the virulence factors; it has been not completely studied in fecal coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) from horses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00684-5DOI Listing
January 2019

Stb5p is involved in Kluyveromyces lactis response to 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide stress.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Microbiology and Virology, Comenius University in Bratislava, Ilkovicova 6, 842 15, Bratislava 4, Slovak Republic.

In yeast, the STB5 gene encodes a transcriptional factor belonging to binuclear cluster class (ZnCys) of transcriptional regulators specific to ascomycetes. In this study, we prepared the Kluyveromyces lactis stb5Δ strain and assessed its responses to different stresses. We showed that KlSTB5 gene is able to complement the deficiencies of Saccharomyces cerevisiae stb5Δ mutant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00682-7DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Juxtaoral Organ: an anatomical finding to be considered.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Universidad de Talca, Lircay Avenue w/n, 3460000 Talca, Chile.

The juxtaoral organ (JOO) is a vestigial anatomical structure which is not usually described in lectures and classic texts of general histology and oral histology, despite it being included in the "Terminologia Histologica: International terms for human cytology and histology". Although there is evidence about its histological structure, there are no macroscopic anatomical reports about it. We report the finding of a structure of glandular macroscopic appearance in a horizontal section of a plastinated human head belonging to the Morphology Laboratory of the Department of Biomedical Basic Sciences at the University of Talca. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0008DOI Listing
January 2019

Computed tomography measurement of the bone matrix of vertebral pedicle and its clinical significance.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Anatomy, Inner Mongolia Medical University.

Background: To provide the anatomic basis for the clinical application of the transpedicular screw fixation.

Materials And Methods: 30 spine (C₂~L₅)specimens were used.The width of the pedicle cortex and medullary cavity(WPC and WPMC),and the height of the pedicle cortex and medullary cavity(HPC and HPMC)were measured at the isthmus of the pedical using CT scanning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0009DOI Listing
January 2019

The morphological investigations on heart and some vessels of bovine fetus between the 15th and 25th weeks of gestation.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Burdur,, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to define the morphological and morphometric development of the fetus heart obtained from the domestic cattle in the gestation period of 15-25 weeks. For this purpose, 30 hearts belonging to cattle fetuses (15 males, 15 females) were used in total. The ages of fetuses were calculated according to the forehead-to-tail length and examined in 3 different groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0010DOI Listing
January 2019

Morphometric and macroanatomic examination of auditory ossicles in male wolves (Canis lupus).

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafkas University.

In the study was aimed to determine morphometric and macroanatomic features of auditory ossicles and tympanic bulla in wolf. For this purpose, seven skulls of adult male wolf were used in the study. Auditory ossicles was photographed on a dissection microscope after it was removed from the skull. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0011DOI Listing
January 2019

Dentin dysplasia type I - case study.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Departement of Dentistry Propaedeutics, Medical University of Bialystok, Szpitalna 30, 15-295 Bialystok, Poland.

This paper describes a rare case of genetic origin dentin dysplasia type I in 26-year old male patient. The paper highlights anatomical and radiological aspects of dental abnormalities and emphasizes the significance of the education of both general practitioners and paediatricians as regards referring patients with diagnosed dentin dysplasia for a multi-specialty therapy. Read More

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https://journals.viamedica.pl/folia_morphologica/article/vie
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0012DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Introducing a thermotolerant Gluconobacter japonicus strain, potentially useful for coenzyme Q production.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran.

In this report, Gluconobacter strains were screened for coenzyme Q (CoQ) production. A thermotolerant strain, Gluconobacter japonicus FM10, was eventually employed for CoQ production optimization. To do so, a two-step optimization strategy was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-018-0666-4DOI Listing
January 2019

Phylogenetic affiliation and antimicrobial effects of endophytic actinobacteria associated with medicinal plants: prevalence of polyketide synthase type II in antimicrobial strains.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Biotechnology Group, Biological Sciences and Technology Division, CSIR - North East Institute of Science and Technology, Jorhat, Assam, 785006, India.

The most diverse and versatile endophytic actinobacteria are relatively unexplored potential sources of bioactive metabolites useful for different medical, agricultural, and other commercial applications. Their diversity in symbiotic association with traditionally utilized medicinal plants of northeast India is scantly available. The present investigation assessed the genetic diversity of endophytic actinobacteria (n = 120) distributed around the root, stem, and leaf tissues of six selected medicinal plants (Emblica officinalis, Terminalia chebula, T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-018-00673-0DOI Listing
January 2019

A case of fulminant Epstein-Barr virus encephalitis in an immune-competent adult.

J Neurovirol 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Neurology, Haaglanden Medical Center, The Hague, The Netherlands.

A 21-year-old female presented with headache, nausea and vomiting, dysarthria, difficulty finding words, vertigo, episodical diplopia and an abnormal gait since 2 days. Additionally, we found marked ataxia and disturbed liver chemistry whilst her infection parameters were low. Her head CT scan was unremarkable, but her MRI scan showed leptomeningeal enhancement along the cerebellar folia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13365-018-0718-1DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Analysis of genetic variations of heat shock proteins Hsp70 and Hsp90 in Isaria farinosa strains from the Yunnan province of China.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Yunnan Herbal Laboratory, Institute of Herb Biotic Resources, School of Life Sciences, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091, China.

In the present study, the cDNA sequences of Hsp70 and Hsp90 genes of Isaria farinosa (designated IFHSP70 and IFHSP90) were cloned and characterized using multiple techniques of molecular biology and bioinformatics. The genetic differentiation of the two genes was investigated among 10 geographically separated populations distributed in the Yunnan province. The complete sequence of the IFHSP70 cDNA had a length of 2158 bp, and contained an open reading frame (ORF) of 1962 bp, encoding a 71-kDa polypeptide comprising of 653 amino acids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-018-00676-xDOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Anatomical variations of knee ligaments in magnetic resonance imaging: pictorial essay.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Radiology, Isotopic Diagnostic and Therapy, Military Medical Academy Teaching Hospital- Central Veteran Hospital, Zeromskiego 113 Street, 90-549 Lodz, Poland.

Evaluation with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is currently a gold standard for comprehensive posttraumatic assessment of the knee joint. Increasing availability of MR systems with stronger magnetic fields and new sequences results in higher resolution of images and thus allows imaging smaller and finer anatomical details, including different anatomical variations. This article focuses on anatomical variations of knee ligaments, which can mimics pathological structures. Read More

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https://journals.viamedica.pl/folia_morphologica/article/vie
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0004DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Accessory muscles of the anterior thoracic wall and axilla. Cadaveric, surgical and radiological incidence and clinical significance during breast and axillary surgery.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Anatomy, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, M.Asias 75 street, 11527 ATHENS, Greece.

Background: The present study aims to summarize the accessory muscles of the anterior thoracic wall and axilla that can be encountered during breast and axillary surgery and record their incidence and clinical significance. Moreover, the laterality of the atypical muscles is highlighted and possible gender dimorphism is referred. Accessory anterior thoracic wall muscles include: Langer's axillary arch, sternalis muscle, chondrocoracoideus muscle, chondroepitrochlearis, chondrofascialis, pectoralis minimus, pectoralis quartus and pectoralis intermedius. Read More

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https://journals.viamedica.pl/folia_morphologica/article/vie
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0005DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

The incidence of pneumatized inferior turbinate and relation to close anatomic structures.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University.

Background: The pneumatization of the inferior turbinate (PIT) is a rare abnormality of the paranasal sinus. It is very difficult to differentiate from the hypertrophia of the inferior turbinate clinically. Thus, it is important to be thought in especially cases with no response to medical treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0006DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Innervation of flexor hallucis longus muscle: an anatomical study for selective neurotomy.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Anatomy - University of Strasbourg, 4 rue Kirschleger, 67000 Strasbourg, France; Department of Orthopedic Surgery - CCOM, Strasbourg University Hospital, 10 avenue Baumann, 67304 Illkirch, France.

Background: to describe the innervation of flexor hallucis longus (FHL) and obtain its surgical coordinates to facilitate selective neurotomy.

Materials And Methods: 15 embalmed lower limbs of adults were studied. Anatomical dissections to isolate the innervating branches of FHL were performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0007DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Quantitative evaluation of biofilm extracellular DNA by fluorescence-based techniques.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Jan 19. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague, Technicka 5, 166 28, Prague, Czech Republic.

The formation of a hardly removable biofilm in food processing and clinical settings calls for a deeper understanding of composition of the matrix that protects the biofilm cells, as the crucial matrix component is extracellular DNA (eDNA), participating in adhesion, aggregation and penetration reduction, yet serving as a horizontal gene transfer reservoir. Therefore, we evaluated eDNA release from the biofilm of two pathogens, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus, with respect to their origin under different culturing condition. Primarily, the biofilms were observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) under conditions mimicking the food processing environment and human body. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00681-8DOI Listing
January 2019

Human gut microbes are susceptible to antimicrobial food additives in vitro.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

The Institute of Microbiology, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Novy Hradek, Czech Republic.

The aim of this work was to test the hypothesis that antimicrobial food additives may alter the composition of human gut microbiota by selectively suppressing the growth of susceptible gut microbes. To explore the influence of antimicrobial food additives on the composition of the human gut microbiota, we examined the susceptibility of both aerobic and anaerobic gut bacteria to sodium benzoate, sodium nitrite, and potassium sorbate, and their combinations, using a broth microdilution method. The tested bacteria exhibited a wide range of susceptibilities to food additives. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12223-018-00674-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-018-00674-zDOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Heat-killed Candida albicans augments synthetic bacterial component-induced proinflammatory cytokine production.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Oral Medical Science, Ohu University School of Dentistry, 31-1 Misumido, Tomitamachi, Koriyama, Fukushima, 963-8611, Japan.

Candida albicans can enhance the invasion of oral epithelial cells by Porphyromonas gingivalis, although the fungus is not a periodontal pathogen. In this study, we investigated whether C. albicans augments proinflammatory cytokine production by mouse macrophage-like J774. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00679-2DOI Listing
January 2019

Quality and quantity comparison study of corrosion casts of bovine testis made using two synthetic kits: Plastogen G and Batson no. 17.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Angiology, Medical University of Lodz, Żeligowskiego 7/9, Łódź 90-752, Poland, Żeligowskiego 7/9, 90-752 Łódź, Poland.

Background: Although corrosion casting has been implemented for almost five centuries, the choice of resin has a strong influence on the effectiveness of casting vessel formations. Our aim was to compare quality and quantity features of two groups of corrosion casts made using two kits: Plastogen G resin and Batson no. 17 resin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0001DOI Listing
January 2019

Three-dimensional modelling of the femur and humerus in adult male guinea pigs (guinea pig) with computed tomography and some biometric measurement values.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey,.

Background: Guinea pig is a species belonging to the Caviidae family of the Rodentia order and is frequently used in experimental studies. Biomedical imaging methods are used in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases in medicine. Among these methods, computed tomography (CT) is one of the most important imaging methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0002DOI Listing
January 2019

Dural adhesion as a cause of late clip slippage from the medial cerebral artery aneurysm.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Medical University of Gdańsk, Smoluchowskiego 17, 80-214 Gdańsk, Poland.

Background: A properly placed clip may slip off the aneurysm during the postoperative period. Many factors have been attributed to this complication, although clip adherence to the dural stitch has not been reported.

Materials And Methods: Following the single occurrence of such unusual complication, 64 similar medial cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms were retrospectively investigated at a single institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0003DOI Listing
January 2019

Polyphenols as resistance modulators in Arcobacter butzleri.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Jan 13. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

CICS-UBI-Centro de Investigação em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade da Beira Interior, Avenida Infante D. Henrique, 6200-506, Covilhã, Portugal.

Arcobacter butzleri is an emerging human and animal pathogen for which an increased prevalence of resistance to antibiotics has been observed, and so alternative compounds to modulate resistance of A. butzleri are required. This work aims to study the potential use of several polyphenols as efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs) and to evaluate their interaction with antibiotics, in order to enhance antibiotic activity against A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00678-3DOI Listing
January 2019
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NKT-like cells reveal higher than T lymphocytes expression of cellular protective proteins HSP70 and SOD2 and comparably increased expression of SIRT1 in the oldest seniors.

Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2018 ;56(4):231-240

Department of Histology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Dębinki 1, 80-211 Gdańsk, Poland.

Introduction: NKT-like cells are "non-classical", "CD1d-independent" NKT cells which represent highly differentiated, conventional T lymphocytes coexpressing several NK (natural killer) associated receptors. They are effector lymphocytes of both innate and adaptive immunity and simultaneously regulatory cells of the adaptive immune system. They reveal large granular lymphocyte morphology and can mediate both MHC-restricted and MHC-unrestricted cytotoxicity, secrete many cytokines and modulate Th1 immune responses. Read More

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https://journals.viamedica.pl/folia_histochemica_cytobiologi
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FHC.a2018.0025DOI Listing
January 2018
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Characterization of the bacteriocin produced by Enterococcus italicus ONU547 isolated from Thai fermented cabbage.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

UR 1268 INRA Biopolymères Interactions Assemblages, BP 71627, rue de la Géraudière, 44316, Nantes Cedex 3, France.

Seventy-eight isolates of lactic acid bacteria from Ukraine and Thailand were screened for bacteriocinogenic activity against indicator strain Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei JCM 1157. One isolate showed an antagonistic activity of cell-free supernatant eliminated after the treatment with Proteinase K. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00677-4DOI Listing
January 2019

Functional diversity performs a key role in the isolation of nitrogen-fixing and phosphate-solubilizing bacteria from soil.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Biotechnology, The Neotia University, Sarisha, West Bengal, 743368, India.

Functional diversity covers diverse functional traits of microorganisms in an ecosystem. Thus, we hypothesized that it could play an important role in the isolation of nitrogen-fixing and phosphate-solubilizing bacteria. These bacteria have been considered as biofertilizer for sustainable agriculture development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-018-00672-1DOI Listing
January 2019
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Preservation of macroparasite species via classic plastination: an evaluation.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2018 Dec 19;65. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Anatomy and Comparative Pathological Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Regional Campus of International Excellence 'Campus Mare Nostrum ̓, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Plastination is a preservation method for biological specimens, with important advantages over classic conservation techniques with formaldehyde or alcohol. Plastinated specimens are dry, odourless, and free of carcinogenic and toxic solutions. There are only few references about the plastination of parasites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2018.019DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads