40,156 results match your criteria Folia histochemica et cytobiologica / Polish Academy of Sciences Polish Histochemical and Cytochemical Society[Journal]


Validation and Reliability of the Italian Version of the Speech Handicap Index.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 18:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Otorhinolaryngology Division, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Background: Speech problems negatively affect the quality of life of patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer. An appropriate self-rating questionnaire named Speech Handicap Index (SHI) was developed for these individuals. The aim of this study was the cross-cultural adaptation and the validation of the Italian version of the SHI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496179DOI Listing

The Mealtime Assessment Scale (MAS): Part 1 - Development of a Scale for Meal Assessment.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 18:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences "L. Sacco," Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Aims: Safety and efficacy of swallowing in instrumental assessment may not overlap safety and efficacy of swallowing during meal, as personal and environmental factors can influence the performance. This study aims to develop a scale to assess the safety and efficacy of swallowing during meal.

Methods: A working group discussed the latent construct, target population, and purposes of the scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494135DOI Listing

Oral habits in Children with Cleft (Lip and) Palate: A Pilot Study.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 18:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium.

Background/aims: This pilot study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of oral habits and non-nutritive sucking habits in children with cleft (lip and) palate (CL/P) between 0-12 years, compared to peers without CL/P.

Methods: Children with CL/P (mean age 6.0 years, SD 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495611DOI Listing

Towards an Integrated Curriculum in a Speech and Language Pathology Education Programme: Development and Constituents' Initial Responses.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 18:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Division of Speech and Language Pathology, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: A traditional curricular structure may challenge integration between foundational and clinical sciences in speech and language pathology (SLP) education. This project aimed to increase curriculum integration at a Swedish SLP education programme.

Methods: Learning outcomes in the existent curriculum were copied from their original courses and re-structured with reference to vertical tracks, in order to address them within and across years of study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497609DOI Listing

Effects of the Narrative Intervention Program for Preschool Portuguese Children.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 18:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

CINTESIS.UA - Center for Health Technology and Services Research (UID/IC/04255/2013) and School of Health Sciences (ESSUA), University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal,

Objective: This article analyzes the contribution of a narrative intervention program in linguistic performance (measured by the percentage of correct consonants [PCC], mean length of utterance [MLU], and auditory memory [AM]) of children.

Patients And Methods: A group of 14 children with primary language impairments participated in this study. The children were divided into two groups (seven children in each): the narrative intervention group (experimental group) and the control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496793DOI Listing

Measuring Quality of Life in the Speaker with Dysarthria: Reliability and Validity of the European Portuguese Version of the QoL-DyS.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 17:1-15. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Cliniche "L. Sacco," Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Background: The impact of acquired dysarthria on the person's life and social participation is well recognized and is the key to the process of rehabilitation. Evaluation of the effectiveness of an intervention that addresses this impact is a challenge for clinicians and researchers.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the European Portuguese version of the Quality of Life in the Speaker with Dysarthria (QoL-DyS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495564DOI Listing

The Mealtime Assessment Scale (MAS): Part 2 - Preliminary Psychometric Analysis.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 17:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences "L. Sacco," Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Aims: The Mealtime Assessment Scale (MAS) was developed to assess swallowing safety and efficacy during the meal. The study aims to perform a preliminary validation of MAS by investigating internal consistency, inter-rater agreement, concurrent and known-group validity, and responsiveness.

Methods: MAS was tested on 100 persons without dysphagia (group 1) and 100 persons with dysphagia (group 2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494136DOI Listing

Sense of Effort and Articulatory Contact Pressure Associated with Talking by Individuals Using Tracheoesophageal Speech.

Authors:
Jeff Searl

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 17:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Hearing and Speech Department, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA,

Background/aims: The aims of this study were (1) to determine locations of increased effort in the body when talking using tracheoesophageal speech (TES); (2) to compare talking effort for participants using TES and those using laryngeal speech; (3) to compare tongue-palate contact pressure during talking for TES and laryngeal speech; and (4) to assess the relationship between talking effort and articulatory contact pressure (ACP).

Methods: This cohort comparison study included 16 individuals using TES and 10 using laryngeal speech. Participants rated talking effort on a visual analog scale and then rated effort in the lungs, throat, oral cavity, brain (cognitive) and arm/shoulder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496794DOI Listing

Reconstruction of lymphatic vessels in the mouse tail after cupping therapy.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Anatomy and Physiology, Shandong College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Yantai, China.

Background: To investigate the regulatory mechanism of local lymphatic reconstruction after cupping therapy in a mouse model.

Materials And Methods: The lymphatic reconstruction process in the mouse tail after cupping therapy as well as the expression levels of the vascular endothelial identification molecule CD34, prospero homeobox protein 1 (PROX1), and lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor 1 (LYVE-1) were investigated for a duration of 4 days through immunohistochemistry experiments.

Results: On day 1 after cupping therapy, the CD34+ and LYVE-1+ cell densities were significantly increased, and the formed CD34+LYVE-1+ tubular structure started to express PROX1. Read More

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https://journals.viamedica.pl/folia_morphologica/article/vie
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0044DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Semi-automatic segmentation and surface reconstruction of CT images by using rotoscoping and warping techniques.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Emergency Medical Technology, Gachon University of College of Health Science, 119 Hambakmoe-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 406-799, South Korea, incheon, Korea, Republic Of.

Background: Quick and large-scale segmentation along with three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction is necessary to make precise 3D musculoskeletal models for surface anatomy education, palpation training, medical communication, morphology research, and virtual surgery simulation. However, automatic segmentation of the skin and muscles remain undeveloped.

Materials And Methods: Therefore, in this study, we developed workflows for semi-automatic segmentation and surface reconstruction, using rotoscoping and warping techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0045DOI Listing

Position and size of massa intermedia in Serbian brains.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Medical Faculty, University of Nis, Bul. Zorana Djindjica 81, 18000 Nis, Serbia and Montenegro.

Background: Massa intermedia, a midline bar-shaped structure, connects two thalami across the third ventricle in 70-80% of healthy humans. It has become clinically important since its absence was comprehended as a midline malformation of the brain and brought in connection with schizophrenia indicating that some symptoms could be a consequence of disturbed neuron chains underlying the mechanisms of attention and processing of information. The aim of the investigation was to find out the incidence, position, and size of massa intermedia in the brains of the Serbian population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0046DOI Listing

Antibacterial activity and mechanism of lactobionic acid against Staphylococcus aureus.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

College of Food Science, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, 110161, China.

Lactobionic acid (LBA) is a newly identified natural polyhydroxy acid that is widely used in the food industry. In this study, the antibacterial effects and underlying mechanism of action of LBA against Staphylococcus aureus were investigated. LBA exhibited significant antibacterial activity against S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00705-3DOI Listing

Secondary metabolites of the genus Penicillium from undisturbed and anthropogenically altered Antarctic habitats.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

G.K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, Prospekt Nauki, 5, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russian Federation, 142290.

From undisturbed Antarctic habitats (permafrost sediments 30-150 thousand years of age, water of Radok Lake) and superficial deposits contaminated with petroleum products, we isolated 14 and 9 strains of Penicillium fungi, respectively. Comparison of the fungal complexes showed them to differ by species composition; only two species-P. palitans and P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00708-0DOI Listing

Morphometry and topography of the coronary ostia in the European bison.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Laboratory of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776 Warsaw.

Background: Coronary vessels have been widely studied in many species of domestic and wild mammals. However, there are no available literature reports describing the morphology and morphometry of the coronary ostia of the European bison (Bison bonasus). The aim of this study was to measure the area of the coronary ostia and assess their localization in the coronary sinuses of the aortic root in the European bison. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0041DOI Listing

CBCT evaluation of variations in the sella turcica in a Turkish population.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Private practice. Gaziantep. Turkey.

Background: The aim of the study was to analyze the variations of the sella turcica and their relationship to age and gender.

Materials And Methods: The CBCT images of the patients who referred to Gaziantep University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology were analyzed by two examiners and 200 CBCT images were evaluated retrospectively. Sella turcica shape of individuals were described according to Axelsson's classification as either normal or with aberrations including; oblique anterior wall, double contour of the floor, sella turcica bridging, irregularity in the posterior part of the dorsum sella, and pyramidal shape of the dorsum sella. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0042DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of the relationship between stylohyoid complex morphology and maxillary/mandibular position using cone beam computed tomography.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Ankara University Dental Faculty, Ankara University, 06810 Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to examine the morphologic features of the stylohyoid complex (SHC) and its relation to maxillomandibular position using three-dimensional cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images.

Materials And Methods: CBCT images from 157 individuals (74 females, 83 males) were analyzed in this study. SHC length, width, and sagittal and transverse angles were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0043DOI Listing

A new genus and four new species of dactylogyrids (Monogenea), gill parasites of pimelodid catfishes (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae) in South America and the reassignment of Urocleidoides megorchis Mizelle et Kritsky, 1969.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2019 Mar 28;66. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic.

Nanayella gen. n. is proposed to accommodate four new species of dactylogyrid monogeneans found on the gills of two species of pimelodid catfishes (Siluriformes) from the Amazon River basin in Peru and the Upper Paraná River basin in Brazil. Read More

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http://folia.paru.cas.cz/doi/10.14411/fp.2019.004.html
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2019.004DOI Listing
March 2019
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Atypical URA5 gene restriction fragment length polymorphism banding profile in Cryptococcus neoformans strains.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Epizootiology and Clinic of Birds and Exotic Animals, The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, pl. Grunwaldzki 45, 50-366, Wrocław, Poland.

URA5-RFLP is one of the most widely used genotyping methods relating to Cryptococcus neoformans and C. gattii consensus genotype nomenclature. In order to identify a molecular type, this method uses a visual comparison of digested PCR products of tested and reference strains, therefore any anomaly in RFLP patterns of studied isolates makes recognition difficult or impossible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00699-yDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Effects of Age on Voice Onset Time and Variability in Children with Repaired Cleft Palate.

Authors:
Youkyung Bae

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 8:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Voice and Resonance Laboratory, Department of Speech and Hearing Science, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA,

Objective: To examine the effect of age on voice onset time (VOT) and VOT variability in children with repaired cleft palate.

Methods: Twenty-two children with repaired cleft palate were allocated into two age groups: younger children (YC: n = 13) and older children (OC: n = 9). VOT measurements from monosyllabic words (/pɑ/, /tɑ/, and /kɑ/) and intraspeaker VOT variability estimated by coefficients of variation (CoV) of two age groups were compared. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/496085
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496085DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

The role of CD44H molecule in the interactions between human monocytes and pancreatic adenocarcinoma-derived microvesicles.

Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2019 8;57(1):28-34. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Clinical Immunology, Institute of Paediatrics, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland, Wielicka 265, 30-663 Kraków, Poland.

Introduction: CD44H is a transmembrane molecule important for cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. In monocytes, CD44H is implicated in phagocytosis of particles coated by hyaluronan (HA). HA fragments were shown to induce chemokine secretion by monocytes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FHC.a2019.0005DOI Listing

An unusual case of unilateral supernumerary extensor carpi radialis muscle.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Pediatric Surgery Clinic of Emergency Children's Hospital, Doctor Iosif Nemoianu 2, 300011 Timisoara, Romania.

An uncommon anatomical variant of muscle was found during the dissection of the forearm region, that can be considered as a supernumerary extensor carpi radialis muscle. The identified extensor carpi radialis muscle has origin on the lateral supraepicondylar ridge of the humerus, and an unusual insertion on the tubercle of the scaphoid bone. The presence of this supernumerary muscle may cause diagnostic errors in the forearm region, and can produce a debilitating pain syndrome by secondary compression of adjacent nerves, vessels or tendons due to its course along the anterior compartment of the forearm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0037DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The applied anatomy and clinical significance of the proximal, V1 segment of vertebral artery.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Sun Yat-sen University Zhongshan School of Medicine Department of Anatomy.

Background: The aim of the study was to probe the morphological features of the proximal segment (V1) of vertebral artery (VA) in a sample of Chinese cadavers.

Materials And Methods: The origin, course and outer diameter at origin of the pre-vertebral part of the VAs were evaluated in 119 adult cadavers.

Results: 94. Read More

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https://journals.viamedica.pl/folia_morphologica/article/vie
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0039DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Efficacy of erythropoietin pretreated mesenchymal stem cells in murine burn wound healing: possible in vivo transdifferentiation into keratinocytes.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Faculty of Medicine (Rabigh) - King AbdulAziz University (KAU), Saudi Arabia, +96 Rabigh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Stem cells have shown promising potential to treat burn wounds. Erythropoietin was capable of promoting in vitro transdifferentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The aim of the study was to investigate possible role of erythropoietin pretreated mesenchymal stem cells (EPOa/MSCs) in burn wounds healing and to evaluate its in vivo differentiation into keratinocytes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0038DOI Listing

Neuroprotective effects of allopurinol on spinal cord injury in rats: a biochemical and immunohistochemical study.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

Lesion in spinal cord causes a cascade of events such as the apoptosis of neurons and eventually, neurological dysfunction. Neurologic damage developing after acute spinal cord injury is also related with necrosis and free radical formation. Allopurinol a xanthine oxidase inhibitor, was shown to have protective effects in several studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0036DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Biochemical and immunohistochemical investigations on bone formation and remodelling in ovariectomized rats with tamoxifen citrate administration.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

Osteoporosis results with the imbalance between osteoblastic formation and osteoclastic resorption, resulting in susceptibility to bone fractures. Ovariectomy leads to osteoporosis by triggering alterations in bone formation and structure. Tamoxifen as an anti-estrogen is used for adjuvant therapy especially in metastatic diseases and known to have a bone mass protective effect after ovariectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0035DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Anatomy and clinical significance of sacral variations: a systematic review.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Democritus University of Thrace, Dragana, 68100 Alexandroupolis, Greece.

The sacrum is a large trilateral bone located at the base of the vertebral column serving to transfer the body weight from the trunk to the pelvis and lower extremities. Over the years, an abundance of sacral anatomical divergences has been reported, including numerical and/or morphological variations of sacral entities. The majority of these anatomical alternations has been incidentally identified during radiological investigations, surgical procedures or discovered in anatomical, anthropological and forensic research studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0040DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Impact of Forced Migration on Communication and Social Adaptation.

Authors:
Helen Grech

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 4:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Communication Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Malta, Msida, Malta,

Forced migration has spread and grown across continents in recent decades. This has had an impact at various levels such as societal communication, health and education priorities, as well as political agendas and economic stability. As a result of the combined forces of migration, globalisation, advances in communication technology and education, there is an exceptional research interest in individuals seeking refugee status or asylum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497057DOI Listing

Innovations for Supporting Communication: Opportunities and Challenges for People with Complex Communication Needs.

Authors:
Martine M Smith

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2019 Apr 4:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Clinical Speech and Language Studies, Trinity College, University of Dublin, Dublin, Ireland,

Individuals with complex communication needs have benefited greatly from technological innovations over the past two decades, as well as from social movements that have shifted focus from disability to functioning and participation in society. Three strands of technological innovation are reviewed in this paper: (1) innovations in the tools that have become available, specifically tablet technologies; (2) innovations in access methods (eye gaze technologies and brain-computer interfaces); and (3) innovations in output, specifically speech technologies. The opportunities these innovations offer are explored, as are some of the challenges that they imply, not only for individuals with complex communication needs, but also for families, professionals, and researchers. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/496729
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496729DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

The acid phosphatase Pho5 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is not involved in polyphosphate breakdown.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Institute of Bioengineering, Research Center of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prosp. 33-2, Moscow, 119071, Russia.

Inorganic polyphosphate is involved in architecture and functioning of yeast cell wall. The strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae constitutively overexpressing acid phosphatase Pho5 was constructed for studying the Pho5 properties and its possible participation in polyphosphate metabolism. The parent strain was transformed by the vector carrying the PHO5 gene under a strong constitutive promoter of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00702-6DOI Listing

Bci528I, a new isoschizomer of EcoRI isolated from Bacillus circulans 528.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Korean Center for Culture Collection, Pyongyang, Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

Bacillus circulans 528 produces a restriction endonuclease, Bci528I which is an isoschizomer of EcoRI. We purified the enzyme, using Sephadex G-150, Phospho-cellulose, DEAE-cellulose, Hepharin-Sepharose CL-6B chromatography. The specific activity of Bci528I was 29,400 U/mg·protein. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00694-3DOI Listing

The role of immunohistochemical examination in diagnosis of papillary thyroid cancer in struma ovarii.

Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2019 29;57(1):35-42. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Internal Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Introduction: Struma ovarii (SO) is a monodermal teratoma in which thyroid tissue comprises more than 50% of the tumour. Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) in SO is a rare finding, as only 5% of SO cases undergo malignant transformation. Malignant SO is usually asymptomatic and infrequently diagnosed preoperatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FHC.a2019.0004DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Immunohistochemical demonstration of LH/CG receptors in non-neoplastic human adrenal cortex and adrenocortical tumors.

Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2019 29;57(1):23-27. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Immunoendocrinology, Chair of Endocrinology, Medical University of Lodz, Pomorska 151, 92-213 Łódź, Poland.

Introduction: Numerous data indicate that luteinizing hormone and/or chorionic gonadotropin (LH/CG) exert direct actions on the adrenal cortex and are involved in the adrenal pathology. However, the immunohistochemical studies on the expression of LH/CG receptors (LH/CGR) in the human adrenal cortex and in the adrenocortical tumors are scarce.

Material And Methods: Paraffin sections of samples of 6 human non-neoplastic adrenal cortex and 25 adrenocortical tumors were immunostained with anti-LH/CGR polyclonal antibody. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FHC.a2019.0003DOI Listing

Parasites of cartilaginous fishes (Chondrichthyes) in South Africa - a neglected field of marine science.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2019 Feb 25;66. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Water Research Group, Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, Potchefstroom Campus, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.

Southern Africa is considered one of the world's 'hotspots' for the diversity of cartilaginous fishes (Chondrichthyes), with currently 204 reported species. Although numerous literature records and treatises on chondrichthyan fishes are available, a paucity of information exists on the biodiversity of their parasites. Chondrichthyan fishes are parasitised by several groups of protozoan and metazoan organisms that live either permanently or temporarily on and within their hosts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2019.002DOI Listing
February 2019

A description of the male of Geckobiella donnae Paredes-León, Klompen et Pérez, 2012 (Acari: Pterygosomatidae) from captive iguanas in Honduras.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2019 Mar 14;66. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Brno, Czech Republic.

Mites of the family Pterygosomatidae are usually infesting lizards, geckos and iguanas. In this family, the genus Geckobiella Hirst, 1917 comprises 12 species including Geckobiella donnae Paredes-León, Klompen et Pérez, 2012. We collected 48 mites of G. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/fp.2019.003DOI Listing

Antibiotic susceptibility and production of endotoxin by Ochrobactrum anthropi isolated from environment and from patients with cystic fibrosis.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic.

The aim of this work was to compare production of endotoxin and to determine susceptibility to antibiotics in two groups of specimens-wild-type strains Ochrobactrum anthropi isolated from the environment and the strains isolated from patients with cystic fibrosis. The determination of the endotoxin produced by the test strains was carried on by using a limulus amebocyte lysate test (LAL test). Determination of ATB sensitivity was accomplished by means of a broth dilution method in a microtiter plate (MIC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00700-8DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Perceptions of South African Academic Instructors Toward the Teaching and Learning of Anatomy.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Clinical Anatomy, School of Laboratory Medicine and Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Durban, South Africa, South Africa.

Reflecting on teaching is commonly cited as a fundamental practice for personal and professional development. Educational research into the scholarship of teaching and learning anatomy includes engaging in discipline specific literature on teaching, reflecting on individual teaching methods and communicating these findings to peers. The aim of this paper was to formally assess the opinions of senior anatomy instructors regarding the state of anatomical knowledge at their respective institutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0034DOI Listing

A morphological study of the medial and lateral femoral circumflex arteries: a proposal for a new classification.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Angiology, Interfaculty Chair of Anatomy and Histology, Medical University of Lodz, Poland, Żeligowskiego 7/9, Łódź 90-752, Poland..

Background: Confirming the branching pattern of the deep femoral artery (DFA) is vital in planning radiological and surgical procedures involving the medial circumflex femoral artery (MFCA) and the lateral circumflex artery (LFCA). The aim of this study was to characterise the course and morphology of branches of the deep femoral artery.

Material And Methods: The anatomical dissection included 80 lower limbs which were fixed in 10 % formalin solution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0033DOI Listing

Characterization of a broad spectrum bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus plantarum MXG-68 from Inner Mongolia traditional fermented koumiss.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

College of Agriculture, Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities, Tongliao, 028042, People's Republic of China.

An agar well diffusion assay (AWDA) was used to isolate a high bacteriocin-producing strain with a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity, strain MXG-68, from Inner Mongolia traditional fermented koumiss. Lactobacillus plantarum MXG-68 was identified by morphological, biochemical, and physiological characteristics and 16S rDNA analysis. The production of antibacterial substance followed a growth-interrelated model, starting at the late lag phase of 4 h and arriving at a maximum value in the middle of the stationary phase at 24 h. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00697-0DOI Listing

A Short Cut to Mushrooms - Red Langur (Presbytis rubicunda) Consumption of Terrestrial Fungus.

Folia Primatol (Basel) 2019 Mar 19;90(3):190-198. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

UPT CIMTROP, University of Palangka Raya, Palangka Raya, Indonesia.

We report the first in-depth evidence of targeted mushroom foraging in an Asian colobine. Using direct observations (2010-2018) and camera traps (2008-2018) in the Sebangau Forest, Central Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo, we show how adult female red langurs (Presbytis rubicunda) are regularly descending to the ground to consume mushrooms. We recorded 82 counts (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496146DOI Listing

New Observations of Meat Eating and Sharing in Wild Bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Iyema, Lomako Forest Reserve, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Folia Primatol (Basel) 2019 Mar 19;90(3):179-189. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA.

Bonobos (Pan paniscus) consume a variety of vertebrates, although direct observations remain relatively rare compared to chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). We report the first direct observations of meat eating and sharing among bonobos at Iyema, Lomako Forest, Democratic Republic of Congo. We collected meat consumption data ad libitum from June to November 2017 over 176. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496026DOI Listing
March 2019
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A light and electron microscopy study of the yak placentome.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

In order to clarify and reveal the morphological characteristics of yak placentomes, placentomes obtained from 151 to 180 days of pregnant yaks were observed using light microscopy and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The results indicated that sessile, dome-shaped yak placentomes seemed to have a relatively complex villous-crypt architecture pattern. There was a straight maternal plate beneath the placentome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0030DOI Listing

Comparison of CBCT and panoramic radiography for mandibular morphometry.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

The aim of this study was to compare the morphological differences in the mandible between patients with six age groups and to detect the correlation between these parameters on panoramic radiography (PR) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). A total of 121 subjects (50 males and 71 females) were included in the study and were divided into six age groups (10-19,20-29,30-39,40-49,50-59 and 60-69) on the basis of the chronological age. CBCT and PR methods were used to record the mandibular measurements for the same 121 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0031DOI Listing

Anatomical and histological analysis of the salpinx and ovary in Anatolian Wild Goat (Capra aegagrus aegagrus).

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Histology and Embriyology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafkas University, Turkey.

Background: This study determined the anatomical structure of the salpinx and ovary of the Anatolian wild goat (C. aegagrus aegagrus).

Materials And Methods: The salpinges and ovaries from four wild goats of similar ages were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2019.0032DOI Listing

Characterisation of mecA gene negative Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bovine mastitis milk from Northern Germany.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Institute of Food Quality and Food Safety, Research Center for Emerging Infections and Zoonoses (RIZ), University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bünteweg 17, 30559, Hannover, Germany.

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is an important causative agent of contagious intermammary infections in dairy cattle. S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00698-zDOI Listing
March 2019
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Production of pyruvic acid from glycerol by Yarrowia lipolytica.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Chełmońskiego Str. 37/41, 51-630, Wrocław, Poland.

The aim of the study was to screen Yarrowia lipolytica strains for keto acid production and determine optimal conditions for pyruvic acid biosynthesis from glycerol by the best producer. The analyzed parameters were thiamine concentration, medium pH, stirring speed, and substrate concentration. The screening was performed in flask cultures, whereas pyruvic acid production was carried out in 5-L stirred-tank reactor with 2 L of working volume. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12223-019-00695-2DOI Listing

Distinct triterpene synthases in the laticifers of Euphorbia lathyris.

Sci Rep 2019 Mar 18;9(1):4840. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Plant Isoprenoid Biology team, Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes, UPR2357 du CNRS, Université de Strasbourg, 12 rue du Général Zimmer, Strasbourg cedex, 67084, France.

Euphorbia lathyris was proposed about fifty years ago as a potential agroenergetic crop. The tremendous amounts of triterpenes present in its latex has driven investigations for transforming this particular biological fluid into an industrial hydrocarbon source. The huge accumulation of terpenes in the latex of many plant species represent a challenging question regarding cellular homeostasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40905-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423090PMC

A Study of Selected Physicomechanical and Histological Parameters of Hair Originating from Three Primate Species.

Folia Primatol (Basel) 2019 Mar 14;90(3):153-161. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Institute of Animal Breeding, Faculty of Biology and Animal Science, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Wroclaw, Poland.

The aim of this study was to determine selected characteristics of hair originating from adult females of three primate species: lar gibbon, crested black macaque and common chimpanzee. The research material consisted of 300 hairs collected from the top of the head. The analysis included the length, diameter, strength, breaking load, elongation and cross-section area of the hairs, and the hair index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496023DOI Listing

Population Genetics Analyses of the Endangered Proboscis Monkey from Malaysian Borneo.

Folia Primatol (Basel) 2019 Mar 14;90(3):139-152. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia,

The proboscis monkey, Nasalis larvatus, is an endemic species to the island of Borneo. It is listed in the IUCN Red List as Endangered with a decreasing population trend. Nevertheless, biological information, especially on the genetic diversity of the species, is still incomplete. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496022DOI Listing

Locomotor Kinematics of Two Semi-Wild Macaque Species (Macaca assamensis and Macaca arctoides) in Thailand.

Folia Primatol (Basel) 2019 Mar 14;90(3):162-178. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Inuyama, Japan.

This project aimed to investigate primate locomotor kinematics noninvasively in the wild. Semi-wild Assamese and stump-tailed macaques were selected for the study, which was performed in Thailand. We investigated their locomotor kinematics and its relationship to habitat use. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/496024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496024DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

The impact of sedentary work on sperm nuclear DNA integrity.

Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2019 14;57(1):15-22. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Histology and Developmental Biology, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Żołnierska 48, 71-210 Szczecin, Poland.

Introduction: Contemporary professional jobs that often enforce a sedentary lifestyle and are frequently associated with testicular overheat, deserve special attention with respect to male fertility potential. Interestingly, the harmful effect of testicular heat stress on sperm characteristics including nuclear DNA integrity was well characterized; however, the influence of sedentary work on sperm chromatin has not yet been documented. Therefore, our research was designed to examine the potential effects of sedentary work not only on conventional semen features but also on sperm nuclear DNA status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FHC.a2019.0002DOI Listing