20,171 results match your criteria Flexor Tenosynovitis Infectious and Inflammatory


Does exercise intensity increment in exergame promote changes in strength, functional capacity and perceptual parameters in pre-frail older women? A randomized controlled trial.

Exp Gerontol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Rua Coração de Maria, 92, BR 116, Km 95, Cep 80210-132 Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two exercise intensities on exergame training program in muscle strength, functional capacity and perceptual parameters in pre-frail older women. Thirty-four women (69.5 ± 5. Read More

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December 2018

Spasticity and preservation of skeletal muscle mass in people with spinal cord injury.

Spinal Cord 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Study Design: Cross-sectional OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between skeletal muscle mass and spasticity in people with spinal cord injury (SCI).

Setting: Tertiary level hospital in Seoul, Korea METHODS: Spasticity was evaluated in 69 participants with SCI using the spasticity sum score (SSS), Penn Spasm Frequency Scale (PSFS), and Spinal Cord Assessment Tool for Spastic Reflexes (SCATS). Skeletal muscle mass was measured using a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scanner, and skeletal muscle index was calculated by dividing skeletal muscle mass by height squared. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of 800 IU Versus 2000 IU Vitamin D3 With or Without a Simple Home Exercise Program on Functional Recovery After Hip Fracture: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Geriatrics and Aging Research, University Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland; Centre on Aging and Mobility, University Hospital Zurich and City Hospital Waid Zurich, Switzerland; University Clinic for Acute Geriatric Care, City Hospital Waid, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Objectives: To evaluate 2 simple strategies, vitamin D and a home exercise program, in functional recovery during the first year after hip fracture.

Design: Secondary analysis of a factorial clinical trial. Patients were randomly allocated to 800 IU (standard of care) or 2000 IU vitamin D and a daily instruction of a simple home exercise program (SHEP) or standard physiotherapy alone during acute care. Read More

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December 2018

Isolation and characterization of turkey bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells.

J Orthop Res 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Flexor tendon injury is often associated with suboptimal outcomes and results in substantial digit dysfunction. Stem cells have been isolated from several experimental animals for the growing interest and needs of utilizing cell-based therapies. Recently, turkey has been developed as a new large animal model for flexor tendon research. Read More

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December 2018

Flexor tendon rehabilitation in the 21st century: A systematic review.

J Hand Ther 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Milliken Hand Rehabilitation Center, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Study Design: Systematic review.

Introduction: The rehabilitation of patients following flexor tendon injury has progressed from immobilization to true active flexion with the addition of wrist motion over the last 75 years.

Purpose Of The Study: This review specifically intended to determine whether there is evidence to support one type of exercise regimen, early passive, place and hold, or true active, as superior for producing safe and maximal range of motion following flexor tendon repair. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of repeated eccentric and isometric contractions with relatively low loading dose on joint stiffness.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Life Science, University of Tokyo, Meguro, Tokyo, Japan -

Background: The purpose of the present study was to compare changes in joint stiffness after repeated eccentric (ECC; leading to muscle fatigue) and isometric (ISO; leading to tendon fatigue) contractions and to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for decline in joint stiffness after repeated stretch-shortening cycle exercises reported previously.

Methods: Ankle joint stiffness (change in joint torque divided by change in joint angle during braking phase) and electromyographic activity (mEMG) of the plantar flexor muscles during drop jump using the ankle joint were measured before and after ECC, ISO, and control conditions.

Results: Peak ankle joint torque, range of motion, and joint stiffness during drop jump did not change after ECC or ISO. Read More

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December 2018

Utility of early active motion for flexor tendon repair with concomitant injuries: A multivariate analysis.

Injury 2018 Dec 22;49(12):2248-2251. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya Ekisaikai Hospital, 4-66 Shonen-Cho, Nakagawa-Ku, Nagoya, 454-8502, Japan.

Introduction: Flexor tendon injury often occurs with concomitant injuries such as fracture, vascular injury, and extensor tendon injury. These injuries are repaired independently, without a comprehensive strategy. We aimed to identify the effect of concomitant injuries and treatment choice on the outcome of flexor tendon repair. Read More

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December 2018
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Unusual Etiology of Acute Wrist Pain: Acute Calcific Tendonitis of the Flexor Carpi Ulnaris Mimicking an Infection.

Authors:
Man R Shim

Case Rep Orthop 2018 14;2018:2520548. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Medicine, Rheumatology Division, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Acute calcific tendonitis is a common cause of musculoskeletal pain. However, it seldom affects the hand and wrist. For that reason, it is frequently mistaken for more common etiologies. Read More

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November 2018

Diagnosis of A3 Pulley Injuries Using Ultrasound.

Sportverletz Sportschaden 2018 Dec 11;32(4):251-259. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Sportsmedicine, Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Klinikum Bamberg, Bamberg, Germany.

Rationale And Objectives:  Pulley ruptures are the most common injuries in sport climbing. Ruptures of the A2 and A4 pulleys have been studied extensively, and ultrasound has proven to be a highly sensitive and specific tool for their diagnosis. However, the correct diagnosis of A3 pulley ruptures continues to be a challenge. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

COMPARISON OF CORE STABILITY AND BALANCE IN ATHLETES WITH AND WITHOUT SHOULDER INJURIES.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):1015-1023

Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Relationships between core stability and lower extremity injuries have been described in the literature; however, evidence of the relationship between upper extremity injuries and core stability and balance is limited.

Hypothesis/purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical measures of core stability and balance between athletes with and without non-traumatic shoulder injuries.

Study Design: Cross sectional. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The Influence of Upper and Lower Extremity Strength on Performance-Based Sarcopenia Assessment Tests.

J Funct Morphol Kinesiol 2018 Dec 3;3(4). Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Muscle Morphology, Mechanics, and Performance Laboratory, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC 20422, USA; (K.B.); (E.L.); (B.A.); (V.M.).

The optimal management of sarcopenia requires appropriate endpoint measures to determine intervention efficacy. While hand grip strength is a predictor of morbidity and mortality, lower extremity strength may be better associated with functional activities in comparison to hand grip strength. The purpose of our study was to examine the comparative association of upper and lower extremity strength with common measures of physical performance in older adults. Read More

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December 2018

The FDP-FDS-FDP Dual Tendon Transfer: A Simple, Single-stage Reconstruction Technique for Chronic, Isolated Flexor Digitorum Profundus Tendon Injuries.

Authors:
Nathan T Morrell

Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT.

The reconstruction of chronic flexor tendon injuries remains one of the more challenging injuries facing the hand and upper extremity surgeon. In the setting of an intact flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS), there are few indications for isolated flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) reconstruction. Because of the interplay of the FDP system, the reestablishment of normal tension of the FDP tendons and lumbricals is particularly challenging, and postoperative stiffness, quadriga, or lumbrical plus phenomena can actually lead to a deterioration of digital function with surgery. Read More

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December 2018

A therapeutic exercise program improves pain and physical dimension of health-related quality of life in young adults. A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Member of the Psychosocial Intervention and Functional Rehabilitation Research Group, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Medicine and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Physiotherapy, University of A Coruña, A Coruña Campus, 15071 A Coruña, Spain.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an exercise therapy program on pain and physical dimension of health-related quality of life for young adults with musculoskeletal pain.

Design: Randomized controlled single-blind trial. Fifty-seven subjects (58% women) were randomly assigned to experimental (n=28; 21. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Voluntary Control of Residual Antagonistic Muscles in Transtibial Amputees: Reciprocal Activation, Coactivation, and Implications for Direct Neural Control of Powered Lower Limb Prostheses.

IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Residual ankle muscles (i.e. previously antagonistic ankle muscles) of transtibial amputees are a potential source for continuous feedforward control of powered ankle prostheses using proportional myoelectric control. Read More

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December 2018

[Evolution of surgical indications in upper limb functional surgery for tetraplegic patients: Retrospective study of 428 procedures].

Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Service de chirurgie plastique reconstructrice et esthétique, hôpital Saint-Louis, 1, avenue Claude-Vellefaux, 75010 Paris, France.

Introduction: Regarding surgical strategy for upper limb functional rehabilitation in patients with traumatic tetraplegia, there are few publications and the case series are quite small.

Patients And Method: We reviewed all traumatic quadriplegic patients, operated one by one surgeon, professor Marc Revol, for functional surgery of the upper limb in the same department from 1989 to 2018. For each patient, we recorded their gender, their group according to the international classification, their age at the time of the first surgical procedure, the length of time between the accident and the first surgery and between two procedures, the average duration of the whole surgical program, and the surgical technique used for the elbow, the wrist, the long fingers and the thumb. Read More

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December 2018

Ureteral wall injury with ureteral access sheaths: a randomized prospective trial.

J Endourol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Glickman urological and kidney institute. Cleveland Clinic foundation., Cleveland, Ohio, United States ;

Objective: To compare two commercially available UAS's in their ability to access the renal collecting system and assess ureteral wall trauma using a prospective, randomized trial.

Patients And Methods: 95 patients undergoing ureteroscopy for renal stones were randomized to Cook Flexor™ or Boston Scientific Navigator HD™ 12/14Fr sheaths. If the initial sheath failed to advance, the alternate sheath was attempted. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Medial elbow anatomy: A paradigm shift for UCL injury prevention and management.

Clin Anat 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Clinical Anatomy, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: To improve the management outcomes and diagnostic accuracy of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injury, the anatomy of the medial side of the elbow joint is necessary to be understood in terms of the periarticular surroundings rather than the specific ligaments. The aim of this study was to anatomically clarify the medial side of the elbow joint in terms of the tendinous structures and joint capsule.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a descriptive anatomical study of 23 embalmed cadaveric elbows. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Are the knee extensor and flexor muscles isokinetic parameters affected by the duration of postoperative physiotherapy supervision in patients eight months after ACL reconstruction with the use of semitendinosus and gracilis tendons autograft?

Acta Bioeng Biomech 2018 ;20(4):89-100

Division of Sports Medicine, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland.

Purpose: The observational study evaluated isokinetic parameters in patients at eight months after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) utilizing semitendinosus and gracilis tendons autograft, with two different modes of physiotherapy, and investigated whether analysed parameters were affected by the postoperative physiotherapy supervision duration.

Methods: Strict exclusion criteria were employed on a group of 259 ACL-reconstructed patients to identify two groups of males preoperatively well trained and frequently participating in sports, with different durations of postoperative physiotherapy supervision: Group I (n = 18; x = 27.67 weeks) and Group II (n = 20; x = 10. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Improving Strength and Quality of Epitendinous Repairs.

Hand (N Y) 2018 Dec 5:1558944718813608. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

1 Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.

Background: Epitendinous sutures not only join the 2 severed tendon edges but also supply strength and support to the repair. Multiple techniques have been described, but none of them include another thread of suture. This could potentially increase the strength of the repair without affecting gliding. Read More

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December 2018

FCR Interposition Arthroplasty for Concomitant STT and CMC Arthritis.

Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Christine M. Kleinert Institute, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY.

Arthritis of scaphotrapeziotrapezoid joint is common and can be seen in association with first carpal metacarpal (CMC) arthritis. Untreated scaphotrapeziotrapezoid arthritis may be a cause of residual pain after CMC arthroplasty. There are various treatment options described in the literature ranging from arthrodesis, resection arthroplasty, interpositional arthroplasty, and implant arthroplasty. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Three-dimensional kinematics of the flexor pollicis longus tendon in relation to the position of the FPL plate and distal radius width.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

AUVA Trauma Hospital Lorenz Böhler-European Hand Trauma Center, Donaueschingenstraße 13, 1200, Vienna, Austria.

Introduction: The standard therapy of intra-articular and extra-articular distal radius fractures consists of open reduction and stabilization using palmar osteosynthesis with an angularly stable plate. The integrity of the flexor pollicis longus tendon (FPLT) may be mechanically affected by the plate, with rupture rates between 1 and 12% reported in the literature, occurring during a postoperative time period from 4 to 120 months. The aim of this study was to investigate the position of the tendon in relation to the distal edge of the plate using high-resolution ultrasonic imaging. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Brachioradialis to flexor digitorum profundus tendon transfer to restore finger flexion.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):123-130

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Introduction: The main deformity following an adult lower brachial plexus injury is the loss of finger flexion. Distal nerve transfers have been used to restore finger and thumb flexion followed by tendon transfers for intrinsic replacement for opening of the fingers. When patients present beyond 6 months, only tendon transfers are applicable. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

TDRKH is a candidate gene for an autosomal dominant distal hereditary motor neuropathy.

Eur J Med Genet 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Division of Genomics, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.

Distal hereditary motor neuropathies (dHMNs) comprise a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous inherited lower motor neuron syndromes mainly characterized by a distal-predominant pattern of progressive muscle atrophy, weakness and hyporeflexia, without sensory dysfunction. Although at least 21 causative genes for dHMN have been reported, mutational scanning of these genes often fails to identify the causative variants in dHMN cohorts, suggesting that additional causative genes remain to be identified. We studied a four-generation pedigree of a Japanese family with autosomal dominant dHMN to provide insight into the pathogenetic basis of the disease. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Isolated Partial Intra-Articular Volar Ulnar Fractures of the Distal Radius: The Tetrahedron Variant.

J Hand Surg Am 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Hand and Elbow Section, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the treatment and complications of a distinct type of partial intra-articular distal radius fracture.

Methods: Seven patients treated by the senior author between 2008 and 2013 for a partial intra-articular distal radius fracture with isolated involvement of the volar lunate facet were included. All fragments had the distinctive shape of a triangular-base pyramid (tetrahedron) extending from the metaphysis distally. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Outcomes and long-term follow-up with the use of ureteral access sheath (UAS) for paediatric ureteroscopy and stone treatment: Results from a tertiary endourology centre.

J Endourol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

University Hospitals Southampton NHS Trust, Urology, Southampton, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze outcomes of flexible ureteroscopy and laser fragmentation (FURSL) of renal stones with the use of ureteral access sheath (UAS) in the paediatric population.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively collected data between January 2011 and January 2018 for patient demographics, stone characteristics and outcomes in 21 children who underwent FURSL with the use of UAS.

Results: Twenty-one patients (10 boys and 11 girls) with a mean age of 11. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Design and ergonomic assessment of an infusion set connector tool used in nursing work.

Appl Ergon 2019 Feb 21;75:91-98. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Biomedical Systems & Medical Physics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Nursing is a physically demanding job characterized by a high prevalence of fatigue and musculoskeletal disorders. One of the high-exertion and repetitive nursing tasks is the manual connection of an infusion set to a medical fluid bottle. Such physical work can be eased by the design of new hand tools. Read More

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February 2019
2 Reads

Reattachment of the flexor and extensor tendons at the epicondyle in elbow instability: a biomechanical comparison of techniques.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Dec 3;19(1):432. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Orthopedic Sports Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Ismaninger Str. 22, 81675, Munich, Germany.

Background: Elbow dislocation represents a common injury, especially in the younger population. If treated surgically, the reattached tendons require a high amount of primary stability to allow for an early rehabilitation to avoid postoperative stiffness. The purpose of this study was to assess the biomechanical properties of a single and a double row technique for reattachment of the common extensor and common flexor muscles origin. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The neurophysiology of deforming spastic paresis: A revised taxonomy.

Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Service de rééducation neurolocomotrice, EA 7377 BIOTN, laboratoire analyse et restauration du mouvement, université Paris-Est Créteil, hôpitaux universitaires Henri-Mondor, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 51, avenue du Maréchal-de-Lattre-de-Tassigny, 94010 Créteil, France.

This paper revisits the taxonomy of the neurophysiological consequences of a persistent impairment of motor command execution in the classic environment of sensorimotor restriction and muscle hypo-mobilization in short position. Around each joint, the syndrome involves 2 disorders, muscular and neurologic. The muscular disorder is promoted by muscle hypo-mobilization in short position in the context of paresis, in the hours and days after paresis onset: this genetically mediated, evolving myopathy, is called spastic myopathy. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Results of 4-strand modified Kessler core suture and epitendinous interlocking suture followed by modified Kleinert protocol for flexor tendon repairs in Zone 2.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2018 Sep 29;52(5):382-386. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Emot Hospital, Kahramanlar, İzmir, Turkey.

Objective: There has been no consensus in literature for the ideal flexor tendon repair technique. The results of zone 2 flexor tendon lacerations repaired primarily by 4 strand Modified Kessler core suture and epitendinous interlocking suture technique followed by Modified Kleinert protocol were investigated.

Methods: 128 fingers of 89 patients who had flexor tendon laceration in zone 2 built the working group. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Delayed mid-substance flexor tendon graft rupture 31 years after a two-stage reconstruction.

J Hand Surg Eur Vol 2018 Nov 29:1753193418813627. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

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November 2018

DAPSA and ultrasound show different perspectives of psoriatic arthritis disease activity: results from a 12-month longitudinal observational study in patients starting treatment with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs.

RMD Open 2018 5;4(2):e000765. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Objectives: Disease Activity index for PSoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA) (sum score 68/66 tender/swollen joint counts (68TJC/66SJC), patient's global assessment, pain and C-reactive protein (CRP)) is recommended for clinical assessment of disease activity in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Ultrasound (US) (grey scale (GS) and power Doppler (PD)) detects inflammation in joints and extra-articular structures. The present objectives were to explore the longitudinal relationships between DAPSA, clinical assessment as well as patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) with US in patients with PsA initiating biological DMARDs and the associations between DAPSA and US remission. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Wound Coverage of Infected Open Fracture of Distal Third of Tibia by Distally Based Medial Hemi-Soleus Muscle Flap.

Mymensingh Med J 2018 Oct;27(4):798-804

Dr Md Saiful Islam, Associate Professor, Orthopedic Surgery, Community Based Medical College Bangladesh, Mymensingh.

We conducted a study to evaluate the reliability of the medial hemi-soleus muscle flap for wound coverage of infected open fracture of distal third of tibia. Wound coverage of exposed lower third tibia and ankle region remains a difficult task. Muscle flaps are preferred for infected wounds especially where there are exposed bone, joint and/or tendons. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

[Lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy with a small intramedullary lesion in posterior spinal cord: a case report].

Authors:
Motomi Arai

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Neurology, Seirei Mikatahara General Hospital.

We present the unique case of a patient with lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy (LRPN) and a small intramedullary lesion, probably an infarction, in the spinal cord. A previously healthy 58-year-old female developed acute severe pain involving the entire right lower limb, followed by weakness of the right lower limb a few hours later. The patient could not walk and was referred to our clinic. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Differences in typing forces, muscle activity, wrist posture, typing performance, and self-reported comfort among conventional and ultra-low travel keyboards.

Appl Ergon 2019 Jan 3;74:10-16. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

School of Biological and Population Health Sciences, College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, United States. Electronic address:

This study investigated the relative impact of ultra-low travel keyboards on typing force, muscle activity, wrist posture, typing performance, and self-reported comfort/preference as compared to a conventional keyboard. In a repeated-measures laboratory-based study, 20 subjects were invited to type for 10 min on each of five keyboards with different travel distances of 0.5, 0. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Effects of deep cervical flexor training on impaired physiological functions associated with chronic neck pain: a systematic review.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Nov 28;19(1):415. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Health Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.

Background: Neck pain is a major health issue with high rates of recurrence. It presents with a variety of altered sensorimotor functions. Exercise is a cornerstone of rehabilitation and many training methods are used. Read More

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November 2018

Motor performance is preserved in healthy aged adults following severewhole-body hyperthermia.

Int J Hyperthermia 2018 Nov 1:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

a Institute of Sport Science and Innovations , Lithuanian Sports University , Kaunas , LT , Lithuania.

Healthy aging is associated with a progressive decline in motor performance and thermoregulatory efficiency. Functional consequences of severe whole-body hyperthermia on neurophysiological functions in healthy aged men have not been investigated. To determine whether severe whole-body hyperthermia (increase in rectal temperature of about 2. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Alteration of Metabosensitive Afferent Response With Aging: Exercised versus Non-exercised Rats.

Front Aging Neurosci 2018 12;10:367. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Aix-Marseille Univ, CNRS, ISM, Equipe Plasticité des Systèmes Nerveux et Musculaire, Faculté des Sciences du Sport, Marseille, France.

This study was designed to evaluate the effect of aging on the activity of metabosensitive afferent fibers (thin muscle afferents from group III and IV) and to determine if physical activity performed at old age may influence the afferent discharge. Afferents from and muscles were recorded on non-exercised rats aged of 3, 6, 12, and 20 months and on animals aged of 12 and 20 months performing a daily incremental treadmill exercise protocol during the last 8 weeks preceding the recordings. Metabosensitive afferent fibers were activated with potassium chloride (KCl) and lactic acid (LA) injections into the blood stream or by muscle electrically-induced fatigue (EIF). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

A Rare Case of Complex Carpal Injury: Divergent Trapezium-Trapezoid Fracture Dislocation.

J Hand Microsurg 2018 Dec 20;10(3):150-154. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Department of Orthopaedics, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.

Divergent trapezium-trapezoid fracture dislocation is a rare and complex injury. The authors present an unusual case of dislocation of the trapezium-trapezoid complex with scaphoid fracture. A 25-year-old man suffered a road traffic accident leading to complex carpal injury due to axial and rotation forces (steer wheel injury) on the left wrist. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Mode of median nerve irritation under different wrist forcing postures observed by ultrasonography and foot pressure measurement system].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Nov;98(43):3490-3495

Institute of Digitized Medicine, Wenzhou Medical University, Zhejiang 325035, China.

To analyze the influence of simulation mouse use motion under different wrist forcing postures on median nerve, tendons and ligaments in the carpal tunnel. From June to November in 2017, a total of 49 healthy volunteers [aged from 18 to 27 years, 24 males (48 cases of hands) and 25 females (50 cases of hands)] were selected in the Institute of Digitized Medicine and First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University.Three hand postures of the volunteers were simultaneously and continuously measured by using LOGIQ E9 ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus and Zebris foot pressure distribution measurement system. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Accelerated muscle contractility and decreased muscle steadiness following sauna recovery do not induce greater neuromuscular fatigability during sustained submaximal contractions.

Hum Mov Sci 2018 Nov 24;63:10-19. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Institute of Sport Science and Innovations, Lithuanian Sports University, Sporto Str. 6, Lt-44221 Kaunas, Lithuania. Electronic address:

Acute whole-body hyperthermia (WBH) increases blood markers concentration of stress, impairs motor drive to exercising muscles, and decreases resistance to neuromuscular fatigability. The functional natural residual consequences of WBH on neuromuscular functions remain unclear. We aimed to investigate the effects of residual WBH on voluntary and electrically induced ankle plantar flexor contractility properties, motor drive transmission (reflexes), muscle torque steadiness, resistance to neuromuscular fatigability, and markers of stress as the body temperature recovers naturally to normothermia. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Effects of sex and joint action on voluntary activation.

PeerJ 2018 15;6:e5968. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

College of Systems Engineering and Science, Shibaura Institute of Technology, Saitama, Japan.

The current study tested the hypothesis that voluntary activation during maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) conditionally depends on sex and joint action. Twenty-eight healthy adults (14 of each sex) performed knee extensor MVC and plantar flexor MVC at extended and flexed knee positions. Voluntary activation during MVC was assessed using a twitch interpolation technique. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

A protocol to prospectively assess risk factors for medial tibial stress syndrome in distance runners.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2018 22;10:20. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

2Institute of Health and Sport, Victoria University, Melbourne, VIC Australia.

Background: Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a lower leg injury with a reported incidence rate of up to 35% in active individuals. Although numerous prospective studies have tried to identify risk factors for developing MTSS, managing the syndrome remains difficult. One risk factor yet to be extensively explored in MTSS development is reduced lower leg girth. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Is there a relation between rotator cuff injury and core stability?

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey.

Background: Strong core stabilization not only minimizes the load on the vertebral column, but also improves strength and endurance of peripheral joints, and enables the energy transfer to distal segments. Despite the current interest surrounding core stability, none of the studies investigated the effect of core stability on the formation of rotator cuff tear or healing after repair.

Objective: To determine the relationship between core stability and upper extremity functional performance in patients who underwent rotator cuff repair surgery and to compare those with healthy subjects of similar age. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Etiology, Evaluation, and Management Options for the Stiff Digit.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

From the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital, New York, NY.

The stiff digit may be a consequence of trauma or surgery to the hand and fingers and can markedly affect a patient's level of function and quality of life. Stiffness and contractures may be caused by one or a combination of factors including joint, intrinsic, extensor, and flexor tendon pathology, and the patient's individual biology. A thorough understanding of the anatomy, function, and relationship of these structures on finger joint range of motion is crucial for interpreting physical examination findings and preoperative planning. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Biomechanical Evaluation of Tendon Regeneration with Adipose-derived Stem Cell.

J Orthop Res 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Orthopedic and Traumatology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

The use of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells (ADSC) has been presented as a new alternative for tendon reconstruction. Have been admitted that ADSCs are related to better outcomes when used in tendon healing. This research was designed to apply the potential of ADSCs in tendon healing. Read More

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November 2018