8,836 results match your criteria Fistula-in-Ano


Surgical Management of Enterovesical Fistula in Crohn's Disease in the Biologic Era.

Inflamm Bowel Dis 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

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[Two Cases of Robot-Assisted Total Pelvic Exenteration and Intracorporeal Ileal Conduit forLocally Advanced Rectal Cancer].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2022 May;68(5):155-159

The Department of Digestive Surgery and Transplantation, Tokushima University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences.

We describe two cases of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) treated with robot-assisted total pelvic exenteration (Ra-TPE) and intracorporeal ileal conduit (ICIC). The first case was in a 71-year-old man with LARC (RbP, T4bN2bM0, cStage IIIc). He was started on bevacizumab+S-1/oxaliplatin therapy in July 2019. Read More

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Risk of Anorectal Cancer Associated with Benign Anal Inflammatory Diseases: A Retrospective Matched Cohort Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 17;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Severance Hospital, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea.

Purpose: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the relationship between benign anal inflammatory diseases and anorectal cancer and assess its risk factors.

Methods: A retrospective matched cohort study was conducted that included data from 2002 to 2013. The National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort data from 2002 to 2013 was used for the study. Read More

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Application of Transurethral Prostate Resection Instrumentation for Treating Low Rectal Anastomotic Leakage: A Pilot Study.

Cancer Manag Res 2022 16;14:1987-1994. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Institute of Urology, Hexi University, Zhangye, Gansu, 734000, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: To determine an accurate method of inspecting low anastomotic leakages and application of transurethral prostate resection instrumentation for treating low rectal anastomotic leakage.

Patients And Methods: Clinical data of eight patients treated for anastomotic leakage after rectal cancer surgery at Zhangye People's Hospital (affiliated to Hexi University), from August 2019 to November 2021, were retrospectively analyzed. Transanal prostate resection instrumentation was used to assess the leakage and surrounding conditions. Read More

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Perineal sepsis and successful surgical treatment in supralevator and ischiorectal fossa abscess: a case report.

J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 16;2022(6):rjac287. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

3rd Surgery Unit, Attikon University Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens 12462, Greece.

A male 61-year-old patient presented to the emergency department with fever, leukocytosis and perineal pain. Macroscopic examination of anogluteal region demonstrated a bulky inflamed mass in the left ischiorectal fossa with a skin defect draining large amounts of pus. The suprapubic area was observed to be erythematous, with local tenderness and a palpable inflammatory mass under the skin. Read More

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Fistulectomy and incontinence: do we really need to worry?

Med Pharm Rep 2022 Jan 31;95(1):59-64. Epub 2022 Jan 31.

Department of General Surgery (Colorectal Division), Sher I Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, India.

Background: Anal fistula is often considered to be a dilemma because of the need to maintain a fine balance between postoperative incontinence and recurrence. We tried to find whether apprehension of causing incontinence should stop us from performing fistulectomy. The aim of this study was to determine whether fistulectomy was associated with increased rate of fecal incontinence and recurrence, compared to other procedures used for the treatment of anal fistula. Read More

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January 2022

Primary rectal teratoma with rectal fistula.

Asian J Surg 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Hospital Affiliated to Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 434000, Hubei Province, China. Electronic address:

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Inflammation of the rectal remnant endangers the outcome of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis: a case-control study.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2022 Jun 17. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of General, Visceral, and Vascular Surgery, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität Zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Inflammation of the rectal remnant may affect the postoperative outcome of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). We aimed to determine the extent of inflammation in the anastomotic area during IPAA and to investigate the impact of proctitis on postoperative complications and long-term outcomes.

Methods: Three hundred thirty-four UC patients with primary IPAA were included in this retrospective case-control study. Read More

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Fibrin glue versus autologous platelet-rich fibrin - comparison of effectiveness on the cohort of patients with fistula-in-ano undergoing video-assisted anal fistula treatment.

J Minim Access Surg 2022 Jul-Sep;18(3):443-449

Department of Biostatistics, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India.

Context: Minimally invasive sphincter preserving procedures like ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT) and video-assisted anal fistula treatment (VAAFT) are being increasingly used in the treatment of fistula-in-ano. The addition of adjuncts like fibrin glue has improved the results for VAAFT. Our unit has used platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) as an innovative adjunct for VAAFT. Read More

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The Value of Transrectal Ultrasound in the Preoperative Diagnosis of Complex Anal Fistula (CAF): Based on a Retrospective Cohort Study.

Comput Math Methods Med 2022 31;2022:6411935. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Ultrasonography, Wangjing Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100102, China.

Objective: A case-control study was employed to retrospectively analyze the value of transrectal ultrasound in the preoperative diagnosis of complex anal fistula (CAF).

Methods: The clinical data of 128 patients with CAF treated in our hospital from March 2019 to June 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients were examined by transrectal ultrasound and MRI with Hitachi HI Vision Ascendus ultrasound diagnostic apparatus and MRI. Read More

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Risk factors for prolonged mechanical ventilation in neonates following gastrointestinal surgery.

Transl Pediatr 2022 May;11(5):617-624

Division of Neonatology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Prolonged mechanical ventilation (MV) should be avoided in neonates. Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) can facilitate weaning from MV but has risks for patients immediately following foregut surgery due to the potential risk of anastomotic leak. We evaluated the risk factors for prolonged MV following intestinal surgery in neonates. Read More

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Internal Orifice Alloy Closure-A New Procedure to Treat Anal Fistula.

Front Surg 2022 17;9:881060. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Anorectal surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hefei, China.

Background: The internal orifice plays an important role in the pathogenesis and treatment of the most complex fistula-in-ano. The treatment of the internal orifice is considered to be the key to the success of anal fistula surgery. The objective of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of a new sphincter-sparing surgical approach for anal fistula. Read More

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Different segmental resection techniques and postoperative complications in patients with colorectal endometriosis: A systematic review.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2022 Jul 6;101(7):705-718. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

European Endometriosis League, Bordeaux, France.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to analyze the available literature by conducting a systematic review to assess the possible effects of nerve-sparing segmental resection and conventional bowel resection on postoperative complications for the treatment of colorectal endometriosis.

Material And Methods: Pubmed, Clinical Trials.gov, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were comprehensively searched from 1997 to 2021 in order to perform a systematic review. Read More

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Ano-rectovaginal fistula after obstetrical anal sphincter injury: Diverting stoma does not improve the surgical results.

Colorectal Dis 2022 Jun 3. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Biostatistics. La Maison de la Recherche, University Hospital of Angers, Angers Cedex 9, France.

Aim: Ano-rectovaginal fistulas (ARVF) are challenging for the surgeon. Most of the series mix aetiologies, leading to confusion with respect to the conclusion. The aim of this study was to assess the factors associated with the success of ARVF management following obstetrical anal sphincter injury (OASIS). Read More

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Mucinous adenocarcinoma in perianal fistula in Crohn's disease: Case report and literature review.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 18;95:107211. Epub 2022 May 18.

Colorectal Surgery Unit, School of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic bowel disease that, due to exacerbated inflammation, can lead to complications such as the development of perianal fistulas. The development of mucinous adenocarcinoma in perianal fistulas in patients with CD is rare and, consequently, few reports exist in the literature.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 71-year-old man diagnosed 22 years ago with CD with perineal involvement, who came with complaints of intense perianal pain, a gluteal mass, and local bleeding. Read More

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Intermediate-Term Evaluation of Initial Non-Surgical Management of Pediatric Perianal Abscess and Fistula-In-Ano.

Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2022 Jun;23(5):465-469

Department of Pediatric General Surgery, Children's Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, P.R. China.

Non-surgical intervention has been proposed for the management of perianal abscess (PA) and fistula-in-ano (FIA), with potential benefits in terms of quality of life, wound healing, and functional outcome, although this strategy remains rare and controversial. Here, we aimed to compare the intermediate-term outcomes of non-surgical management with those of surgical incision and/or drainage. A study of pediatric patients with first-time PA and/or FIA was conducted retrospectively from January 2010 to December 2020. Read More

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Anal Canal Duplication Mimicking Recurrent Abscess: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Front Surg 2022 12;9:908390. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Background: Anal canal duplication (ACD) is a very rare duplication of the gastrointestinal tract and is described as a secondary anal orifice along the posterior side of the normal anal canal. Early surgical removal is advisable, also in asymptomatic patients, because of the risk of inflammatory complications, such as recurrent crissum abscess, and malignant changes.

Case Presentation: A previously healthy 2-year-old boy was evaluated in the emergency department with fever. Read More

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Laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (L-TME) for rectal cancer surgery: does elective diverting ileostomy really protect? An observational retrospective cohort study.

Ann Ital Chir 2021 Dec;92

Aims: Elective diverting ileostomy may reduce consequences of anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (L-TME); however, its safety is debated because of morbidity related to stoma creation and closure. We aimed to investigate the impact of diverting ileostomy on clinical behavior of anastomotic leakage and complications related to stoma itself.

Material Of The Study: We retrospectively evaluated 150 L-TMEs with (Group 1, 100 patients) or without (Group 2, 50 patients) elective ileostomy for rectal cancer. Read More

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December 2021

Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Clinical Diagnosis and Surgical Treatment-Overview.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Apr 21;58(5). Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Department of Biochemistry, Cancer Biology, Neuroscience and Pharmacology, Meharry Medical College School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37208-3500, USA.

This article is an overview of guidelines for the clinical diagnosis and surgical treatment of predominantly colonic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). This overview describes the systematically and comprehensively multidisciplinary recommendations based on the updated principles of evidence-based literature to promote the adoption of best surgical practices and research as well as patient and specialized healthcare provider education. Colonic IBD represents idiopathic, chronic, inflammatory disorders encompassing Crohn's colitis (CC) and ulcerative colitis (UC), the two unsolved medical subtypes of this condition, which present similarity in their clinical and histopathological characteristics. Read More

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A Disposable Nitinol Memory Alloy Anal Fistula Clip (AFC) for the Treatment of Cryptoglandular Fistula-In-Ano: a Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Study With Short-Term Follow-Up.

J Gastrointest Surg 2022 May 25. Epub 2022 May 25.

National Colorectal Disease Center of Nanjing Hospital of Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, 210022, Jiangsu Province, China.

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Comparison of different methods to manage supralevator rectal opening in anal fistulas: A retrospective cohort study.

Cir Esp (Engl Ed) 2022 May;100(5):295-301

SSRD MRI Centre, Chandigarh, India.

Introduction: Supralevator fistula-in-ano are difficult to manage. If these fistulas have an additional supralevator internal-opening in rectum apart from the primary internal-opening at the dentate line, then the management becomes even more difficult. There is no literature/guidelines available on the management of supralevator rectal opening (SRO). Read More

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A rare presentation of OEIS variant with a recto-bladder neck fistula: A case report and literature review.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 4;95:107144. Epub 2022 May 4.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Kuwait University, Kuwait; Department of Pediatric Surgery, Ibn Sina Hospital, Sabah Medical Center, Kuwait. Electronic address:

Introduction: Omphalocele, bladder extrophy, imperforate anus and spinal defect (known as OEIS) is a very rare congenital anomaly with an unknown etiology. In this report we describe a case of an OEIS variant associated with a wide pubic diastasis, bladder extrophy with a recto-bladder neck fistula and a high ano-rectal malformation. This work has been reported in line with the SCARE 2020 criteria. Read More

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Establishing a rabbit model of perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease.

World J Gastroenterol 2022 Apr;28(15):1536-1547

Gastroenterology Center, The Affiliated Changzhou Second People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou 213000, Jiangsu Province, China.

Background: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic nonspecific intestinal inflammatory disease. The aetiology and pathogenesis of CD are still unclear. Anal fistula is the main complication of CD and is a difficult problem to solve at present. Read More

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Guidelines to diagnose and treat peri-levator high-5 anal fistulas: Supralevator, suprasphincteric, extrasphincteric, high outersphincteric, and high intrarectal fistulas.

World J Gastroenterol 2022 Apr;28(16):1608-1624

Department of Statistics, Indian Council of Medical Research,New Delhi 110029, India.

Supralevator, suprasphincteric, extrasphincteric, and high intrarectal fistulas (high fistulas in muscle layers of the rectal wall) are well-known high anal fistulas which are considered the most complex and extremely challenging fistulas to manage. Magnetic resonance imaging has brought more clarity to the pathophysiology of these fistulas. Along with these fistulas, a new type of complex fistula in high outersphincteric space, a fistula at the roof of ischiorectal fossa inside the levator ani muscle (RIFIL), has been described. Read More

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Modified Martius graft - a renaissance of surgical procedure.

Bratisl Lek Listy 2022 ;123(6):389-394

Aim: The rectovaginal fistula (RVF) is relatively uncommon and by clinical manifestations grave illness. The surgery treatment of RVF is extremely demanding and represents the subject of frustration for many surgeons. Miscellaneous etiology of RVF and various heights of fistula in a rectovaginal septum are crucial for the choice of surgical procedure. Read More

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Impact of near-infrared fluorescence imaging with indocyanine green on structural sequelae of anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic intersphincteric resection of malignant rectal tumors.

Tech Coloproctol 2022 Jul 16;26(7):561-570. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital East, 6-5-1 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba, 277-8577, Japan.

Background: Recent studies have indicated the potential benefit of intraoperative near-infrared fluorescence imaging (NIR-FI) with indocyanine green in reducing early anastomotic leakage in colorectal surgery. Nonetheless, whether NIR-FI is effective in reducing structural sequelae of anastomotic leakage (SSAL) remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of NIR-FI on SSAL after laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (ISR) of malignant rectal tumors. Read More

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Cutting seton versus decompression and drainage seton in the treatment of high complex anal fistula: a randomized controlled trial.

Sci Rep 2022 May 12;12(1):7838. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Proctology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, No 2 Yinghua East Street, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029, China.

This study aimed to compare the efficacy between decompression and drainage seton (DADS) and cutting seton (CS) in the treatment of high complex anal fistula. Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to DADS or CS group. The primary outcome was the rate of wound healing. Read More

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Conservative (non-surgical) management of cryptoglandular anal fistulas: is it possible? A new insight and direction.

ANZ J Surg 2022 05;92(5):1284-1285

Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Nishtha Surgical Hospital and Research Center, Patan, India.

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Anastomotic occlusion after laparoscopic low anterior rectal resection: a rare case study and literature review.

World J Surg Oncol 2022 May 6;20(1):145. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Yunnan University, The Second People's Hospital of Yunnan Province, Kunming, Yunnan Province, China.

Background: With the development of laparoscopic techniques and the broad clinical application of various anastomotic types, anal-preserving low anterior rectal resection and ultra-low anterior rectal resection have been popularized. Some patients with rectal cancer have retained their anus and improved their quality of life. Nevertheless, the incidence of postoperative anastomotic stenosis remains high, and anastomotic occlusion is even rarer. Read More

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