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    Tooth agenesis: A susceptible indicator for colorectal cancer?
    J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Apr-Jun;14(3):527-531
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Farooqia Dental College and Hospital, Mysore, Karnataka, India.
    Context/background: Tooth agenesis (excluding third molars) is a common congenital disorder that affects 2.2-10% of the general population. A number of different genes have been shown to be associated with cases of tooth agenesis including AXIN2, IRF6, FGFR1, MSX1, PAX9, and TGFA. Read More

    Prevalence and Distribution of Oral Mucosal Lesions by Sex and Age Categories: A Retrospective Study of Patients Attending Lebanese School of Dentistry.
    Int J Dent 2018 17;2018:4030134. Epub 2018 May 17.
    Faculty of Pharmacy, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.
    Background: Prevalence and distribution of oral mucosal lesions in a sample of Lebanese population attending the School of Dentistry of Lebanese University is necessary to evaluate their oral health situation.

    Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and distribution of oral mucosal lesions of patients attending the School of Dentistry.

    Methods: A descriptive study was carried out by retrospectively examining a total of 231 medical and clinical examination record files of patients, attending the School of Dentistry Lebanese University for multidisciplinary dental treatments. Read More

    Tongue psoriasis: Clinical aspects and analysis of epidemiological associations in 313 children, with a systematic literature review.
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2018 May 14. Epub 2018 May 14.
    Dermatology department, hôpital Victor-Dupouy, 69, rue du Lieutenant-Colonel-Prud'hon, 95107 Argenteuil, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Little information is available on the prevalence and clinical aspects of tongue involvement in children with psoriasis. The aim was to evaluate the prevalence, clinical aspects and risk factors concerning tongue involvement in children with psoriasis.

    Patients And Methods: This study was carried out in two stages. Read More

    Oral features in patients with psoriasis: an observational study.
    Minerva Stomatol 2018 02;67(1):12-19
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Background: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in a group of psoriatic patients and healthy subjects.

    Methods: 120 psoriatic patients were enrolled in this observational study. Clinical examination, panoramic X-ray, magnetic nuclear resonance of temporo-mandibular joint, parodontal evaluation, oropharyngeal buffer and incisional biopsies by scalpel, as applicable, were done in order to value the patients. Read More

    Treatment of orofacial granulomatosis: a case report.
    J Med Case Rep 2017 Oct 25;11(1):300. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Illinois Peoria Campus, OSF Saint Francis Medical Center, Peoria, IL, 61637, USA.
    Background: Orofacial granulomatosis is a relatively recent term coined by Wiesenfield et al. in 1985 to define granulomatous lesions of oral mucosa without intestinal involvement. When it presents in a triad encompassing facial nerve palsy, lip swelling, and fissured or furrowed tongue it is called Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome while monosymptomatic or oligosymptomatic forms are referred to as granulomatous cheilitis. Read More

    Dental management and orofacial manifestations of a patient with Robinow Syndrome.
    J Istanb Univ Fac Dent 2017 3;51(2):43-48. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
    Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology Faculty of Dentistry Gazi University Turkey.
    Robinow syndrome (RS) is an extremely rare condition. Characteristic craniofacial findings of RS include a fetal facial appearance, ear abnormalities and oral findings. The aim of this case report was to evaluate the oral findings of a 26-year-old man with RS and to describe the dental treatments performed. Read More

    Melkersson-rosenthal syndrome: a case report.
    J Istanb Univ Fac Dent 2017 2;51(1):42-45. Epub 2017 Jan 2.
    Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Gazi University Faculty of Dentistry Turkey.
    Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome (MRS) is a rare disorder consisting of a triad of persistent or recurrent orofacial edema, relapsing facial paralysis and fissured tongue. It is rarely possible to observe all aspects of the classical triad at the same time, since these symptoms may appear in different times of life cycle. The most common symptom is orofacial edema. Read More

    Digestive system in psoriasis: an update.
    Arch Dermatol Res 2017 Nov 13;309(9):679-693. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    Dermatologikum Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.
    Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory immune-mediated disorder associated and often coexisting with many other immune-related clinical conditions including those affecting the gastrointestinal tract. Data obtained from the reviewed literature suggest an association between psoriasis and pathologies of the oral cavity, both psoriasis-specific lesions, as well as non-specific, such as geographic tongue or fissured tongue. These findings show the importance of thorough examination of oral mucosa in psoriatic patients. Read More

    Hidradenitis Suppurativa and Concomitant Down Syndrome: Literature Review of Other Associated Mucocutaneous Manifestations in Adults.
    Skinmed 2017 1;15(4):253-258. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    DermatoVenereology (Skin/VD) Centre, Sehgal Nursing Home, Panchwati, Delhi, India.
    This contribution describes hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) occurring in Down disease that presented with morphology conforming to an overlap of stages 1 and 2 of the Hurley staging system, namely the formation of solitary or multiple isolated abscesses without scarring or sinus tracts, recurrent abscesses, and single or multiple widely separated lesions with sinus tract formation, occupying apocrine sweat gland-bearing areas: the inner thighs, groin, and buttocks. The lesions were bilateral and symmetrical, of rare occurrence. In addition, the clinical and pathognomonic features of several other concomitant diseases are defined and reviewed; these include elastosis perforans serpiginosa, fissured tongue/macroglossia, syringomas, palmoplantar keratodermas, cheilitis, xerosis, atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, vitiligo, cutis marmorata, and alopecia areata. Read More

    Comparative study: Oral mucosal lesions, signs and symptoms in diabetes mellitus patients with end stage renal disease with analogous findings in diabetes mellitus patients with non-end stage renal disease.
    Indian J Dent Res 2017 Jul-Aug;28(4):406-412
    Department of Diabetology, Voluntary Health Services, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Aim: The aim of this study is to compare oral signs, symptoms and oral lesions type and prevalence, in end stage renal disease (ESRD) with non-end stage renal disease (NESRD) in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients.

    Methodology: Two groups of DM patients were studied, Group 1 includes 100 patients with ESRD, who were under hemodialysis therapy, and Group 2 includes100 patients with NESRD whose serum creatinine level is <2.0 mg/dl. Read More

    [Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome in a young man].
    Ugeskr Laeger 2017 Jun;179(24)
    A 24-year-old man presented with orofacial swelling, peripheral facial palsy and fissured tongue. Apart from a previous episode of peripheral palsy, he had no history of illness. Biopsy of the lip, blood tests, magnetic resonance imaging of the head and lumbar puncture showed no pathology. Read More

    Oral diseases: a 14-year experience of a Chilean institution with a systematic review from eight countries.
    Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2017 May 1;22(3):e297-e306. Epub 2017 May 1.
    University of Talca, Lircay Av. S/N, Talca, Chile, Zip code 3460000,
    Background: Retrospective studies to assess the distribution of oral diseases (ODs) are helpful in estimating the prevalence of oral diagnoses in the population, and thus help in preventive and curative services. Prevalence and frequency data for ODs are available from many countries, but information from Chile is scarce.

    Material And Methods: This study investigated the frequency of OD in a Chilean population. Read More

    Oral mucosal lesions in a Chilean elderly population: A retrospective study with a systematic review from thirteen countries.
    J Clin Exp Dent 2017 Feb 1;9(2):e276-e283. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    Gerontology Program, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Background: The oral examination is an essential part of the multidisciplinary medical care in elderly people. Oral mucosal lesions and normal variations of oral anatomy (OMLs) are very common in this people, but few studies have examined the frequency and prevalence of these conditions worldwide and less in Chile. The aim of this research was to evaluate the frequency of OMLs in a Chilean elderly population. Read More

    Investigation of the clinical features of geographic tongue: unveiling its relationship with oral psoriasis.
    Int J Dermatol 2017 Apr 10;56(4):421-427. Epub 2017 Feb 10.
    Postgraduate Program in Pathology, School of Medicine, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Background: Few studies have examined the clinical features of geographic tongue (GT), an inflammatory lesion, making diagnosis and the investigation of oral psoriasis difficult.

    Purpose: To investigate the clinical features of GT to facilitate its identification and understand its relationship with psoriasis.

    Methods: A total of 96 participants diagnosed with GT underwent stomatological and dermatological examinations. Read More

    Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome: A Case Report With a Psychosomatic Perspective.
    Adv Mind Body Med 2017 Winter;31(1):14-17
    Context • The Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a rare condition characterized by a triad of symptoms: (1) recurrent and/or persistent orofacial swelling, (2) recurrent facial paralysis, and (3) a fissured tongue. Although various contributing factors have been suggested, the etiology and mechanisms of the syndrome have not been fully elucidated. Objective • The aim of the current study was to examine for the first time some psychosomatic aspects of the syndrome and to evaluate the benefits of a brief psychotherapeutic process in which the research team worked to reintegrate the complex bio-psycho-social functioning of the patient. Read More

    Oral Manifestations of Job's Syndrome in a Paediatric Dental Patient - A Case Report.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2016 Nov 1;10(11):ZD04-ZD05. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
    Professor and Head, Department of Pedodontics, Government Dental College , Calicut, Kerala, India .
    Job's syndrome or Hyperimmunoglobulin E Syndrome (HIES) is a rare primary immunodeficiency with marked increase in serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and eczematous dermatitis. Individuals with HIES share characteristic facial features, with many oral manifestations like retained deciduous teeth, fissured tongue, missing permanent tooth buds, recurrent oral candidiasis, oral mucosal and gingival lesions. Two forms of disease have been identified based on the defective gene as autosomal dominant form and autosomal recessive form. Read More

    An unusual case of folliculitis spinulosa decalvans.
    Cutis 2016 Sep;98(3):175-178
    Department of Dermatology, The First Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China.
    We report the case of a 24-year-old man who presented with pustules, atrophic scars, and alopecia on the scalp, along with follicular keratotic papules on the cheeks, chest, abdomen, back, lateral upper arms, thighs, and axillae, of 6 years' duration. A diagnosis of folliculitis spinulosa decalvans (FSD) was made based on the clinical manifestation and histopathological findings. Dental examination also revealed dental anomalies and a fissured tongue, which are not known to be related to FSD. Read More

    Host and clinical aspects in patients with benign migratory glossitis.
    Arch Oral Biol 2017 Jan 26;73:259-268. Epub 2016 Oct 26.
    Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.
    Objective: Investigate the association of clinical, cytological and genetic characteristics with benign migratory glossitis (BMG).

    Study Design: Sample consisted of 175 patients, 44 with BMG and 131 control patients. Clinical examination and DMFT index were assessed. Read More

    Frequency of fissured tongue (lingua plicata) as a function of age.
    Swiss Dent J 2016;126(10):886-897
    Department of Oral Surgery, Oral Radiology and Oral Medicine and Center of Dental Traumatology, University Center for Dental Medicine Basel, University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Fissured tongue (lingua plicata; LP) is a mostly asymptomatic condition characterized by grooves and fissures of varying depth on the dorsal surface of the tongue. Most reports in the literature indicate a prevalence of 10–20%, although there is marked variation. On the basis of 1,000 patients (n=465 males, n=535 females), this study examined the association between LP and age as well as further influencing factors. Read More

    [A patient with Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome].
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2016 ;160(0):D427
    Leids Universitair Medisch Centrum, afd. Neurologie, Leiden.
    Background: Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a relatively rare syndrome characterised by the clinical triad of persisting or recurrent facial oedema, recurrent peripheral facial palsy, and a fissured tongue.

    Case Description: A 30-year-old male patient presented with a left peripheral facial palsy spreading to the right side of the face. The left-sided facial paralysis recurred twice after initial recovery. Read More

    Geographic tongue and psoriasis: clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical and genetic correlation - a literature review.
    An Bras Dermatol 2016 Jul-Aug;91(4):410-21
    Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) - Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil.
    Geographic tongue is a chronic, inflammatory, and immune-mediated oral lesion of unknown etiology. It is characterized by serpiginous white areas around the atrophic mucosa, which alternation between activity, remission and reactivation at various locations gave the names benign migratory glossitis and wandering rash of the tongue. Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease with frequent cutaneous involvement and an immunogenetic basis of great importance in clinical practice. Read More

    Treatment of Symptomatic Geographic Tongue with Triamcinolone Acetonide Alone and in Combination with Retinoic Acid: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
    J Dent (Tehran) 2016 Jan;13(1):23-8
    Statistical Consultant, Dental Research Center, Dentistry Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Objectives: Geographic tongue or migratory glossitis is an inflammatory disorder with unknown etiology. Considering the accompanied burning pain, taste dysfunction, and lack of definite cure, it is important to treat this condition symptomatically. The objective of the current study was to compare the efficacy of a combination of 0. Read More

    Prevalence and distribution of oral mucosal non-malignant lesions in the western Sicilian population.
    Minerva Stomatol 2016 Aug;65(4):191-206
    Department of Surgical, Oncological and Stomatological Disciplines, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy -
    Backgroung: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of oral mucosal non-malignant lesions in the Sicilian population. In addition, we evaluated the association between each oral lesion and its risk factors.

    Methods: This study analyzed a total of 2539 consecutive patients, attending the Department of Surgical, Oncological and Stomatological Disciplines of Palermo University, who were examined for the presence of various oral lesions during the period from January 2012 and February 2015. Read More

    Diseases of the tongue.
    Clin Dermatol 2016 Jul-Aug;34(4):458-69. Epub 2016 Mar 8.
    Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ.
    The tongue is a complex organ involved in speech and expression as well as in gustation, mastication, and deglutition. The oral cavity, along with the tongue, are sites of neoplasms, reactive processes, and infections, and may be a harbinger of systemic diseases. This review includes both common and rare diseases that occur on the tongue, including: vascular and lymphatic lesions (infantile hemangiomas and oral varices), reactive and inflammatory processes (hairy tongue, pigmented fungiform papillae of the tongue, benign migratory glossitis, and fissured tongue), infections (oral hairy leukoplakia, herpes simplex and varicella-zoster virus infections, human papillomavirus, and candidiasis), premalignant lesions (leukoplakia and erythroplakia), malignant lesions (squamous cell carcinoma, Kaposi sarcoma, and lymphoproliferative diseases), and signs of systemic disease (nutritional deficiency and systemic amyloidosis). Read More

    Prevalence and subjective knowledge of tongue lesions in an Indian population.
    J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2016 May-Aug;6(2):124-8. Epub 2016 Jan 13.
    Ex-Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Haldia Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Haldia, West Bengal, India.
    Aim: The current study was designed to determine prevalence of various tongue lesions and their association with age, gender, systemic illness, deleterious habits, and distribution over the surfaces of tongue. It also explored the awareness and knowledge of subjects in relation to presence of tongue lesions, etiological factor, symptoms, and treatment received if any.

    Methods: The present study was conducted on 1360 randomly selected dental outpatients from 1/10/2013 to 30/09/2014. Read More

    Genet Couns 2016 ;27(1):1-8
    A deletion of the distal long arm of chromosome 15 is generally reported with the formation of ring chromosome 15, whereas an isolated 15q deletion is rarely described. Here we report an 11 year-old girl, from non-consanguineous parents, who was referred to the Pediatric Genetics Department with growth retardation and multiple congenital abnormalities. In her medical history, she had a cleft palate, hip dislocation and crossed renal ectopia. Read More

    Recurrent Facial Palsy and Electrophysiological Findings in Oligosymptomatic Melkersson Rosenthal Syndrome.
    Indian J Pediatr 2016 Oct 11;83(10):1188-90. Epub 2016 May 11.
    Unit of Pediatric Neurology and Neurodevelopment, Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160012, India.
    Melkersson Rosenthal Syndrome is a rare neuro-mucocutaneous disorder characterized by the classic triad of facial swelling, recurrent facial nerve palsy and fissured tongue. The clinical course is usually progressive, and etiology is unknown. The authors describe oligosymptomatic Melkersson Rosenthal Syndrome in a young girl presenting sequentially with recurrent, metachronous facial nerve palsy and hemifacial swelling in early childhood followed by fissuring in the tongue in late-childhood. Read More

    Prevalence of oro-dental anomalies among schoolchildren in Sana'a city, Yemen.
    East Mediterr Health J 2016 Apr 19;22(1):33-8. Epub 2016 Apr 19.
    Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, Al-Farabi College, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Practitioners and policy-makers need information about the relative frequency of dental anomalies among children in their region. This study investigated the prevalence of different oral anomalies among schoolchildren in Sana'a city, Yemen. A sample of 1000 private and public schoolchildren aged 4-12 years were examined by the same examiner using disposable tongue blades. Read More

    Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome with Genitalia Involved in a 12-Year-Old Boy.
    Ann Dermatol 2016 Apr 31;28(2):232-6. Epub 2016 Mar 31.
    Department of Dermatology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.
    Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is an uncommon granulomatous disease characterized by the triad of relapsing facial paralysis, orofacial swelling, and fissured tongue. Genital swelling in MRS is rarely reported. We presented the first case of complete MRS with genital swelling in a child. Read More

    Dental management of Rapp-Hodgkin syndrome associated with oral cleft and hypodontia.
    J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2016 Apr-Jun;34(2):192-5
    Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Children Dentistry, Sri Ramakrishna Dental College and Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Rapp-Hodgkin syndrome (RHS) is a rare type of autosomal dominant disorder characterized by association of ectodermal dysplasia (ED) with cleft lip/palate. The main features include dry, brittle hair with alopecia in adulthood, dental anomalies (hypodontia, microdontia with delayed eruption, fissured tongue, and retruded maxilla), hypohidrosis, dysplastic nails, and clefting. Palmar-plantar keratoderma is seen frequently. Read More

    [Chronic or recurrent ulceration of the tongue].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2016 Apr 30;143(4):297-308; quiz 295-6, 309-10. Epub 2016 Mar 30.
    Dermatologie, consultation pluridisciplinaire de pathologies de la muqueuse buccale, institut Claudius-Regaud, institut universitaire du cancer Toulouse Oncopole, 1, avenue Irène-Joliot-Curie, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France.

    Histopathological Features of Orofacial Granulomatosis.
    Am J Dermatopathol 2016 Mar;38(3):194-200
    Departments of *Dermatology, and †Pathology, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, IDIBELL, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is characterized by granulomatous inflammation in the orofacial region. Although several series have been reported, biopsy has not been performed in all cases and the histopathological features have not been extensively evaluated. Our purpose was to analyze the histopathological features of our patients with OFG. Read More

    A rare thymoma case with seven paraneoplastic syndromes.
    Int J Clin Exp Med 2015 15;8(10):19517-23. Epub 2015 Oct 15.
    Department of Neurology, Shanghai Tenth People Hospital, Tongji University, School of Medicine China.
    Thymoma is a kind of epithelial tumor of the thymus which about 30-50% patients accompanied by paraneoplastic disorders. However, the coexistence of seven symptoms in an individual is rare. This report represented a patient, diagnosed of thymoma, with myasthenia gravis, erythema multiforme, plasma cell cheilitis, recurrent oral ulcer, vitiligo, Raynaud's phenomenon and fissured tongue. Read More

    Successful treatment of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome with dapsone: a case report and review of the literature.
    Dermatol Online J 2016 Oct 15;22(10). Epub 2016 Oct 15.
    Department of Dermatology, Bezmialem Vakif University, Fatih/İstanbul, Turkey.
    Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a rare disease characterized by a triad of relapsing or persistent orofacial edema, recurrent lower motor neuron facial nerve palsy and fissured tongue. Acute, painless, non-erythematosus orofacial edema is observed in all patients. We report a case of a 13-year-old girl who presented with a 2-year history of swelling of the upper lip, facial paralysis, and fissured tongue; she was treated successfully with dapsone. Read More

    Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome as an early manifestation of mixed connective tissue disease.
    Eur J Med Res 2015 Dec 23;20:100. Epub 2015 Dec 23.
    Speciality Hospital in Gorlice, ul. Wegierska 21, 38-300, Gorlice, Poland.
    Purpose Of Review: We aim to illustrate the potential viability of MCTD as an underlying aetiology of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome. The case is probably the first description available in the literature of the Melkersson-Rosenthal as an early manifestation of mixed connective tissue disease.

    Recent Findings: The Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome consists of a triad of recurrent lip and/or face swelling, fissured tongue, and intermittent facial palsy. Read More

    Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome with Orofacial Swelling and Recurrent Lower Motor Neuron Facial Nerve Palsy: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    Case Rep Otolaryngol 2015 9;2015:214946. Epub 2015 Nov 9.
    Warrawong Accident and Medical Center, King Street, Westfield, Warrawong, NSW 2502, Australia.
    Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome (MRS) is a rare otoneurologic condition, which is poorly understood and often underdiagnosed. Etiology and incidence are unclear, although infectious, inflammatory, and genetic causes have been implicated. Recurrent facial nerve palsy, facial swelling, and fissured tongue are the symptoms and signs of this condition. Read More

    Oral manifestations of asthmatic patients.
    J Pak Med Assoc 2015 Nov;65(11):1226-7
    Department of Oral pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
    The effect of asthma on oral health is the subject of debate among dental practitioners. The current study was planned to investigate the oral manifestations of asthmatics compared to healthy subjects. The study group composed of 100 asthmatics and 100 age-matched healthy controls. Read More

    The prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in children:a single center study.
    J Istanb Univ Fac Dent 2015 21;49(3):29-38. Epub 2015 Oct 21.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, İstanbul University, Turkey.
    Purpose: Studies regarding oral health are mainly conducted on adult population and there is a lack of epidemiologic data on the oral health of children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and distribution of oral lesions in Turkish children.

    Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out on total of 1041 Turkish children attended by the outpatient Oral Medicine and Surgery Department of İstanbul University. Read More

    Newer Classification System for Fissured Tongue: An Epidemiological Approach.
    J Trop Med 2015 20;2015:262079. Epub 2015 Sep 20.
    Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, SIBAR Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur 522509, India.
    Introduction. Fissured tongue is a commonly encountered tongue disorder in dental practice. But there is a lack of data on different pattern, severity, and association of fissuring with various systemic disorders and other tongue anomalies. Read More

    Factors associated with geographic tongue and fissured tongue.
    Acta Odontol Scand 2016 18;74(3):210-6. Epub 2015 Sep 18.
    a Department of Oral Medicine and Pathology , Institute of Odontology, the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg , Sweden.
    Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to investigate the association of systemic diseases, use of medications, allergies and tobacco habits with geographic tongue (GT) and fissured tongue (FT) lesions. The secondary objectives were to evaluate the clinical characteristics of tongue lesions and to compare the overall results for referred and non-referred patients.

    Methodology: Non-referred patients with GT (GTgp; n = 130) and FT (FTgp; n = 62) were examined by general practitioners (gp) and compared to a control group without oral mucosal lesions (C; n = 1029). Read More

    Oral hygiene and oral flora evaluation in psychiatric patients in nursing homes in Turkey.
    Niger J Clin Pract 2015 Nov-Dec;18(6):751-6
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology (Oral Diagnosis and Radiology), Faculty of Dentistry, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey.
    Context: The World Health Organization has stated that psychiatric patients are a group of people who have oral and dental illnesses.

    Aims: The aims of this study were to document the oral hygiene of individuals with chronic psychiatric illness, to determine the extraoral and intraoral findings, to detect the dominant microorganisms in oral flora, and to inform clinicians of these findings.

    Settings And Design: The study included 100 patients (69 men and 31 women) with different psychiatric illnesses living in a nursing home. Read More

    Clinicopathological significance of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome.
    BMJ Case Rep 2015 Jul 31;2015. Epub 2015 Jul 31.
    Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Karnavati School of Dentistry, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
    Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) classically shows a triad of orofacial swelling, fissured tongue and facial palsy, more commonly the oligosymptomatic form. The orofacial swelling is characterised by swollen reddish-brown non-pruritic lips and facial oedema. In one-third to one half of patients, fissured tongue is seen, which also aids in diagnosis. Read More

    Oral and salivary changes in patients with chronic kidney disease: A clinical and biochemical study.
    J Indian Soc Periodontol 2015 May-Jun;19(3):297-301
    Department of Periodontics, MNR Dental College and Hospital, Sangareddi, Telangana, India.
    Background: Both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its treatment can affect a wide range of tissues and systems. It directly or indirectly affects flow, concentrations and composition of saliva. Hemodialysis can effectively minimize most of these complications to some extent. Read More

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