3,481 results match your criteria Fingertip Injuries


Kabuki syndrome: international consensus diagnostic criteria.

J Med Genet 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

President, the Research Institute of Personalized Health Sciences, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Hokkaido, Japan.

Background: Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a clinically recognisable syndrome in which 70% of patients have a pathogenic variant in or . Understanding the function of these genes opens the door to targeted therapies. The purpose of this report is to propose diagnostic criteria for KS, particularly when molecular genetic testing is equivocal. Read More

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December 2018

Treatment of tendinous mallet fingers using a Stack splint versus a dorsal glued splint.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Hand Surgery, SOS Main, CCOM, Icube CNRS, 7357, University Hospital of Strasbourg, FMTS, University of Strasbourg, 10 Avenue Baumann, 67400, Illkirch, France.

The goal of this study was to compare the results of a Stack splint compared to a dorsal glued splint in the treatment of tendinous mallet fingers. Our series included 100 patients, aged 47 years in average, among which 40 are women, with a 9-week follow-up. The first 50 patients (group I) were treated with a dorsal glued splint, and the 50 following patients (group II) were treated with a Stack splint. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Extended Hueston Flap: New Solution for Primary Closure.

J Hand Microsurg 2018 Dec 20;10(3):155-157. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Clinic of Plastic Surgery, Department of Neuroscience, Padua University Hospital, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

Thumb tip injuries are very common in hand trauma, and several flaps are available to restore the defect. One of them is the Hueston flap. It is very simple and quick to harvest, but it could lead to donor site problems. Read More

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December 2018

Contact mechanics between the human finger and a touchscreen under electroadhesion.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Theory 1, Peter Grünberg Institute-1, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich, Germany;

The understanding and control of human skin contact against technological substrates is the key aspect behind the design of several electromechanical devices. Among these, surface haptic displays that modulate the friction between the human finger and touch surface are emerging as user interfaces. One such modulation can be achieved by applying an alternating voltage to the conducting layer of a capacitive touchscreen to control electroadhesion between its surface and the finger pad. Read More

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November 2018

[Clinical features of children with Kawasaki disease aged over 5 years].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2018 Nov;20(11):917-920

Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University/National Demonstration Base of Standardized Training Base for Resident Physicians/Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders/Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing/Chongqing International Science and Technology Cooperation Center for Child Development and Disorders, Chongqing 400014, China.

Objective: To study the clinical and laboratory features of children with Kawasaki disease (KD) aged >5 years.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 250 elderly children (aged >5 years) who were diagnosed with KD or incomplete KD (divided into 5-9 years and >9 years groups) and 266 KD children aged 1-5 years. Clinical and laboratory features were compared between groups. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Wide Awake Surgery as an Opportunity to Enhance Clinical Research.

Hand Clin 2019 Feb;35(1):93-96

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street Southwest, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address:

Wide Awake surgery under Local Anesthesia with No Tourniquet (WALANT) has revolutionized clinical hand surgery, improving clinical outcomes and reducing postoperative pain and morbidity. It can also be used to deepen scientific knowledge, because the unsedated patient, with sensation intact and without the adverse effects of tourniquet neurapraxia or paralysis, can follow commands and actively move the limb after tendon and nerve surgery. These movements can be correlated with fingertip force, tendon tension, nerve conduction and amplitude, and muscle sarcomere length measurements to develop new insights into the effectiveness of many different tendon and nerve procedures in the hand. Read More

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February 2019
1 Read

TREATMENT OF FINGERTIP INJURIES BY SPECIALISTS IN HAND SURGERY IN BRAZIL.

Acta Ortop Bras 2018 ;26(5):294-299

Department of Hand Surgery Residency, Hospital Alvorada, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To verify if there is consensus about the treatment of each type of injury or amputation of the fingertips, and if there is a statistical difference among the treatment options according to the surgeon's length of time in the hand surgery specialty.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted during the 37th Brazilian Congress of Hand Surgery, when one hundred and twenty questionnaires were randomly distributed. Observing the inclusion and exclusion criteria, ninety completed questionnaires were included. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Lateral Toe Pulp Flap Used in Reconstruction of Distal Dorsal Toe Defect: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

From the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Buddhist Tzu-Chi General Hospital, School of Medicine, Tzu-Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan.

Background: When the distal dorsal part of the great toe is injured, especially with exposure of a tendon, bone, or joint, applying a free or local flap is difficult because of the lack of locally available tissue for reconstruction. Management of the distal dorsal part of a great toe soft tissue defect can be challenging for plastic surgeons.

Patient And Method: An 18-year-old woman presented with an injury to the dorsal aspect of her right great toe caused by a cobra bite. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

A serious case of primary Raynaud's phenomenon in an infant.

Clin Case Rep 2018 Nov 17;6(11):2089-2091. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Pediatric Emergency Care Kitakyushu Municipal Yahata Hospital Kitakyushu, Fukuoka Japan.

We present a case of severe Raynaud phenomenon (RP) in an infant. The current strategy of RP treatment is incomplete; excluding secondary Raynaud phenomenon is vital as well. This case aims to help those with similar symptoms in the future by gathering data on cases. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Cortical Decoding of Individual Finger Group Motions Using ReFIT Kalman Filter.

Front Neurosci 2018 5;12:751. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Robotics Graduate Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.

To date, many brain-machine interface (BMI) studies have developed decoding algorithms for neuroprostheses that provide users with precise control of upper arm reaches with some limited grasping capabilities. However, comparatively few have focused on quantifying the performance of precise finger control. Here we expand upon this work by investigating online control of individual finger groups. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Alkaline water improves exercise-induced metabolic acidosis and enhances anaerobic exercise performance in combat sport athletes.

PLoS One 2018 19;13(11):e0205708. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Sports Training, the Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Katowice, Poland.

Hydration is one of the most significant issues for combat sports as athletes often use water restriction for quick weight loss before competition. It appears that alkaline water can be an effective alternative to sodium bicarbonate in preventing the effects of exercise-induced metabolic acidosis. Therefore, the main aim of the present study was to investigate, in a double blind, placebo controlled randomized study, the impact of mineral-based highly alkaline water on acid-base balance, hydration status, and anaerobic capacity. Read More

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November 2018
9 Reads

Repair of soft tissue defects in finger, thumb and forearm: less invasive methods with similar outcomes.

J Hand Surg Eur Vol 2018 Dec;43(10):1019-1029

4 Department of Hand Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, China.

We review recent developments in using occlusive dressings, dermal templates, and venous flaps for less invasive approaches to treat soft tissue defects of the forearm and fingers. Occlusive dressings can be used for thumb tip or fingertip trauma with soft tissue defects of small or moderate sizes. They permit skin regeneration without use of skin graft or a flap transfer. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Fingertip Reactive Hyperemia Peripheral Arterial Tonometry Score Predicts Response to Biventricular Pacing.

Acta Cardiol Sin 2018 Nov;34(6):488-495

Department of Cardiology, Memorial Ankara Hospital, Ankara.

Purpose: The objectives of this study were to: (i) evaluate endothelial function via fingertip reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) among heart failure (HF) patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), (ii) assess the effects of CRT on RH-PAT score, and (iii) investigate whether RH-PAT score can identify CRT response.

Methods: A total of 63 patients (61.8 ± 10. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Investigation of infinite focus microscopy for the determination of the association of blood with fingermarks.

Sci Justice 2018 Nov 10;58(6):397-404. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Materials and Engineering Research Centre, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK.

The determination of the type of deposition mechanism of blood within fingermarks at the scene of violent crimes is of great importance for the reconstruction of the bloodshed dynamics. However, to date, evaluation still relies on the subjective visual examination of experts. Practitioners encounter three types of scenarios in which blood may be found in fingermarks and they refer to the following three deposition mechanisms: (i) blood marks, originating from a bloodied fingertip; (ii) marks in blood, originating from a clean fingertip contacting a blood contaminated surface; (iii) coincidental deposition mechanisms, originating from a clean fingertip contacting a clean surface, leaving a latent fingermark, and subsequent contamination with blood. Read More

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November 2018

Conservative treatment of fingertip injuries in children - first experiences with a novel silicone finger cap that enables woundfluid analysis.

GMS Interdiscip Plast Reconstr Surg DGPW 2018 19;7:Doc05. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Pediatric Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Carl Gustav Carus, TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany.

Human fingertips are able to regenerate soft tissue and skin after amputation injuries with excellent cosmetic and functional results when treated with semiocclusive dressings. Despite bacterial colonizations, proceeding infections are not reported with this management. The underlying mechanisms for this form of regenerative healing as well as for the resilience to infections are not known. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Pediatric hand injuries: Practical approach for primary care physicians.

Can Fam Physician 2018 Nov;64(11):803-810

Pediatric plastic surgeon at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario in Ottawa.

Objective: To present a practical and evidence-based approach for primary care physicians to the diagnosis and initial management of common pediatric hand injuries, and to identify injuries requiring prompt referral.

Sources Of Information: Clinical evidence and expert recommendations were identified by using MEDLINE and EMBASE for each topic presented.

Main Message: Pediatric hand injuries are a common reason for physician consultation. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Evaluation of Electrovibration Stimulation with a Narrow Electrode.

Micromachines (Basel) 2018 Sep 22;9(10). Epub 2018 Sep 22.

Department of Informatics, University of Electro-Communications, 1-5-1 Chofugaoka, Chofu, Tokyo 182-8585, Japan.

Recently, electrovibration tactile displays were studied and applied to several use cases by researchers. The high-resolution electrode for electrovibration stimulus will contribute to the presentation of a more realistic tactile sensation. However, the sizes of the electrodes that have been used thus far are of the millimeter-order. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

3DAirSig: A Framework for Enabling In-Air Signatures Using a Multi-Modal Depth Sensor.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Nov 10;18(11). Epub 2018 Nov 10.

German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence, DFKI, Kaiserslautern 67653, Germany.

In-air signature is a new modality which is essential for user authentication and access control in noncontact mode and has been actively studied in recent years. However, it has been treated as a conventional online signature, which is essentially a 2D spatial representation. Notably, this modality bears a lot more potential due to an important hidden depth feature. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Indication of Mental Health from Fingertip Pulse Waves and Its Application.

J Healthc Eng 2018 17;2018:7696458. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

PricewaterhouseCoopers Aarata LLC, 1-1-1 Otemachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-0004, Japan.

This article is a comprehensive review of recent studies of the authors on the indication of mental health from biological information contained in pulse waves. A series of studies discovered that the largest Lyapunov exponent (LLE) of the attractor, which is constructed for the time series data from pulse waves, can provide as an effective indicator of mental health. A low level of LLE indicates insufficiency of external adaptability, which is characteristic of dementia and depression sufferers. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Application of multiscale Poincaré short-time computation versus multiscale entropy in analyzing fingertip photoplethysmogram amplitudes to differentiate diabetic from non-diabetic subjects.

Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2018 Nov 2;166:115-121. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Emergency Medicine, E-Da Hospital, I-Shou University School of Medicine for International students, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background And Objectives: Multiscale Poincaré (MSP) plots have recently been introduced to facilitate the visualization of time series of physiological signals. This study aimed at investigating the feasibility of MSP application in distinguishing subjects with and without diabetes.

Methods: Using photoplethysmogram (PPG) waveform amplitudes acquired from unilateral fingertip of non-diabetic (n = 34) and diabetic (n = 30) subjects, MSP indices (MSPI) of the two groups were compared using 1000, 500, 250, 100 data points. Read More

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November 2018

An incremental dual-task paradigm to investigate pain attenuation by task difficulty, affective content and threat value.

PLoS One 2018 9;13(11):e0207023. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.

There is accumulating evidence that task demands and psychological states can affect perceived pain intensity. Different accounts have been proposed to explain this attenuation based either on how limited attentional resources are allocated to the pain stimulus or on how the threat value of the pain stimulus biases attention. However, the evidence for both proposals remains mixed. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Development of a method for multiple vitamin D metabolite measurements by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry in dried blood spots.

Analyst 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Chair of Environmental Chemistry and Bioanalytics, Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, 7 Gagarin St., PL - 87-100 Toruń, Poland.

There are two forms of vitamin D which are essential to the human body, i.e. vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol) and vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Comparisons between long-term outcomes of the use of reposition flaps and replantations in fingertip amputations.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2018 Sep;24(5):462-467

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Private Practice, İzmir-Turkey.

Background: Replantation is the gold standard procedure for traumatic amputation of fingertips. Reposition flap procedure is performed using nail-bone complex as a free graft and covering graft site with a flap to preserve original finger length, nail complex, and sensory functions of fingertip in pateints where microsurgical methods cannot be applied. In our study, we aimed to compare the long-term outcomes of patients with amputated fingertips who underwent replantation or reposition flap procedures. Read More

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September 2018
8 Reads

Intra-individual evaluation of results between open and endoscopic release in bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome.

Rev Bras Ortop 2018 Nov-Dec;53(6):696-702. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: The authors performed an intra-individual comparison of surgical results between the open and endoscopic surgical techniques in patients with bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome. Each hand was submitted to surgery using one of these techniques.

Methods: Fifteen patients (30 hands) were evaluated by the Boston Questionnaire, visual analogue pain scale, palmar grip strength, and for tip, key, and tripod pinch strengths. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Hand-Exoskeleton Assisted Progressive Neurorehabilitation using Impedance Adaptation based Challenge Level Adjustment Method.

IEEE Trans Haptics 2018 Oct 26. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

This paper presents an underactuated design of a robotic hand exoskeleton and a challenge based neurorehabilitation strategy. The exoskeleton is designed to reproduce natural human fingertip paths during extension and grasping, keeping minimal kinematic complexity. It facilitates an impedance adaptation based trigged assistance control strategy by a switching between active non-assist and passive assistance modes. Read More

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October 2018

Comparison of Homodigital Dorsolateral Flap and Cross-Finger Flap for the Reconstruction of Pulp Defects.

J Hand Surg Am 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Christine M. Kleinert Institute for Hand and Microsurgery, Louisville, KY. Electronic address:

Purpose: The homodigital dorsolateral flap (HDF) was described to treat various types of pulp and fingertip defects. The aim of this study was to analyze the intermediate-term function after fingertip reconstruction with HDF and compare these results with the cross-finger flap.

Methods: We analyzed a retrospective cohort of 25 patients. Read More

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October 2018

An Evaluation of the NightOwl Home Sleep Apnea Testing System.

J Clin Sleep Med 2018 Oct 15;14(10):1791-1796. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Pneumology, Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg (Hospital East-Limburg), Genk, Belgium.

Study Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of a miniaturized home sleep apnea test, called NightOwl. The system consists of a sensor placed on the fingertip and a cloud-based analytics software. The sensor acquires accelerometer and photoplethysmographic data. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Randomized Trial Comparing the Physiological and Psychological Effects of Different Relaxation Interventions in Chinese Women Breastfeeding Their Healthy Term Infant.

Breastfeed Med 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

1 Nutrition Unit, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, University College London , London, United Kingdom .

Objective: To compare the effects of different relaxation techniques on physiological outcomes and perceived relaxation in primiparous Chinese mothers breastfeeding their healthy term infant.

Design: Twenty primiparous mothers who were breastfeeding were enrolled into a within-subject study, and attended six treatment sessions in randomized order (relaxation meditation tape [RM], music tape [M], relaxation lighting [L], combined RM+L, and combined M+L, and control session with no intervention), with a washout period of 1-3 days between sessions. Heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP), fingertip temperature, and perceived relaxation were assessed before and after each session. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Use of Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging for Successful Fingertip Replantation.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Sep 5;6(9):e1924. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Cancer Institute Hospital of Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo, Japan.

Fingertip replantation is a technical challenge for microsurgeons. For successful fingertip replantation, it is important to monitor the replanted fingertip vascularity for the early detection and revision of vascular compromise. Laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) is a camera-based technique that measures the perfusion by illuminating the tissue with a 785-nm-wavelength divergent laser beam. Read More

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September 2018

Comparison of venous and fingertip plasma using non-targeted proteomics and metabolomics.

Talanta 2019 Jan 15;192:182-188. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan; AMED-CREST, AMED, Japan; Division of Metabolomics Research, Department of Internal Related, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan. Electronic address:

Blood tests, which are used to evaluate health status, are relatively non-invasive and provide a great deal of health-related information. Blood is usually collected using a standard venous blood sampling protocol, but it is possible to collect blood from a subject's fingertip, and previous studies have investigated whether fingertip-derived blood can be used for various blood tests. In this study, the proteomes and metabolomes of venous and fingertip plasma were analyzed using non-targeted proteomics and metabolomics, respectively. Read More

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January 2019
5 Reads

Characterizing the Aerobic and Anaerobic Energy Costs of Polynesian Dances.

Int J Exerc Sci 2018 1;11(4):1156-1172. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Health and Human Development, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA.

This study characterized both aerobic and anaerobic energy expenditure (EE) for several Polynesian dances in a group of experienced professional Polynesian dancers. Thirteen men and 17 women were tested using indirect calorimetry to assess aerobic EE (and converted to METs), and fingertip blood lactate to estimate anaerobic EE, during both resting and dancing activities. Total EE was then computed as the sum of both aerobic and anaerobic activity energy expenditure (AEE, or EE above resting). Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Triboelectric Self-Powered Wearable Flexible Patch as 3D Motion Control Interface for Robotic Manipulator.

ACS Nano 2018 Nov 18;12(11):11561-11571. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering , National University of Singapore , 4 Engineering Drive 3 , Singapore 117576.

Triboelectric nanogenerators and sensors can be applied as human-machine interfaces to the next generation of intelligent and interactive products, where flexible tactile sensors exhibit great advantages for diversified applications such as robotic control. In this paper, we present a self-powered, flexible, triboelectric sensor (SFTS) patch for finger trajectory sensing and further apply the collected information for robotic control. This innovative sensor consists of flexible and environmentally friendly materials, i. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Relation between finger cold-induced vasodilation and rewarming speed after cold exposure.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2018 Oct 16. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Behavioural and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: The risk for local cold injuries has been linked to poor cold-induced vasodilation (CIVD) during cold exposure and to poor rewarming after cold exposure. The purpose of this study is to establish the relation between CIVD and rewarming speed.

Methods: Twelve participants immersed one hand in ice water for 30 min to evoke CIVD and the other hand in ice water for 10 min to investigate the rewarming profile. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

Fingertip Necrosis due to Intravascular Use of Mephedrone: A Case Report.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Aug 7;6(8):e1906. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

University Hospital of Gran Canaria Dr. Negrín - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.

Mephedrone is a new synthetic cathinone-derived drug. It is a sympathomimetic drug, and its structure is similar to amphetamines, although its specific pharmacokinetics and metabolism remain unknown. We performed a literature search in PUBMED with the following key words: Mephedrone AND Necrosis AND Hand. Read More

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August 2018
5 Reads

A novel cross-correlation methodology for assessing biophysical responses associated with pain.

J Pain Res 2018 5;11:2207-2219. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA,

Purpose: The purpose of this work was to noninvasively detect and quantify microvascular blood flow changes in response to externally applied pain in humans. The responsiveness of the microvasculature to pain stimulation might serve as an objective biomarker in diseases associated with altered pain perception and dysregulated vascular functions. The availability of such a biomarker may be useful as a tool for predicting outcome and response to treatments, particularly in diseases like sickle cell anemia where clinical manifestations are directly linked to microvascular perfusion. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Repair of soft tissue defects of the fingers with medial plantar venous flap.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2018 Jun;64(6):501-508

Department of hand and foot surgery, Yiwu Central Hospital, Jiangdong Road 699#, Yiwu city, Zhejiang province, China.

Objective: To report the surgical procedures and efficacy of using medial plantar venous flap for the repair of soft tissue defects of the fingers.

Methods: From March 2010 to April 2012, medial plantar venous flaps were harvested to repair the wounds of 31 fingers in 29 cases. Among them, there were 13 middle fingers with defects at the tips in 11 cases, 7 fingers with defects in the dorsal part in 7 cases, and 11 fingers with defects in the finger pulp in 11 cases. Read More

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June 2018
4 Reads

Prevalence of in asymptomatic patients at surgical outpatient department: Harare hospitals.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2018 Nov 28;35:153-157. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, University of Zimbabwe, Box A167, Avondale, 263, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Background: infection is present in more than 50% of the world's population. The estimated life time risk of peptic ulcer disease is 20 percent and of gastric cancer is 1-2 percent.

Materials And Methods: A cross sectional study was done at two Central hospitals in Harare, Zimbabwe, with the objective being to estimate the prevalence of infection in asymptomatic individuals. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Physical features of pediatric patients with lumbar spondylolysis and effectiveness of rehabilitation.

J Med Invest 2018 ;65(3.4):177-183

Department of Rehabilitation, Tsuji Hideki Orthopedics.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physical features of pediatric patients with lumbar spondylolysis (LS), factors that increase the load during compensatory movements at the lumbar spine, and the outcomes of rehabilitation. Twenty patients were included. Fifteen items were used:fingertip-to-floor distance (FFD), straight leg raising (SLR), heel-to-buttock distance (HBD), tightness of the rectus femoris, the lateral and medial rotator muscles, iliopsoas, tensor fascia lata, adductor muscles, soleus muscle, and latissimus dorsi, and trunk rotation, sit-ups and endurance of the abdominal and back muscles. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Composite Grafts for Pediatric Fingertip Amputations: A Retrospective Case Series of 100 Patients.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Jun 19;6(6):e1843. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

The Plastic Surgery Department, Guy's and St Thomas Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Fingertip amputations are common. This study reports on the outcomes of composite grafts used for fingertip amputations in children, measuring graft take, predictors of graft take, complications, and patient-reported outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective case series of consecutive patients (≤ 16 years) undergoing composite grafts for fingertip amputations in a tertiary pediatric hospital, January 06 to December 16, was performed. Read More

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A three-dimensional visco-hyperelastic FE model for simulating the mechanical dynamic response of preloaded phalanges.

Authors:
Christophe Noël

Med Eng Phys 2018 Nov 24;61:41-50. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS), 1 rue du Morvan, CS 60027 - F-54519 Vandœuvre cedex, France. Electronic address:

This study lays the groundwork for a multi-scale strategy that will lead to a better understanding and prediction of the effects of vibration on the digital arterial network. This is accomplished by modelling the mechanical and biological factors that could disturb the basal vasoconstriction balance in the fingertip. The first stage of this novel approach involved building and validating an original dissipative constitutive law for the fingertip soft tissue for the purpose of finite element modelling of the mechanical response of preloaded phalanges in vibration. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Acute effects of partial-body vibration in sitting position.

World J Orthop 2018 Sep 18;9(9):156-164. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, University of Bern, Bern 3012, Switzerland.

Aim: To investigate the acute effects of sinusoidal and stochastic resonance partial-body vibration in sitting position, including muscle activity, heart rate variability, balance and flexibility.

Methods: Fifty healthy participants were assigned randomly to two training conditions: A sinusoidal partial-body vibration (SIN, 8 Hz) or a stochastic resonance partial-body vibration (STOCH, 8 ± 2 Hz). For baseline assessment participants sat on the vibration platform without vibration. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Balance in Blind Subjects: Cane and Fingertip Touch Induce Similar Extent and Promptness of Stance Stabilization.

Front Neurosci 2018 11;12:639. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Exercise and Sport Science, LUNEX International University of Health, Exercise and Sports, Differdange, Luxembourg.

Subjects with low vision often use a cane when standing and walking autonomously in everyday life. One aim of this study was to assess differences in the body stabilizing effect produced by the contact of the cane with the ground or by the fingertip touch of a firm surface. Another aim was to estimate the promptness of balance stabilization (or destabilization) on adding (or withdrawing) the haptic input from cane or fingertip. Read More

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September 2018
7 Reads

Distal sensory disorders in Dupuytren's disease.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2018 Oct 6;104(6):897-900. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Hand, upper extremity and peripheral nerve surgery service, European Hospital Georges-Pompidou (HEGP, 75015 Paris), AP-HP, université Paris-Descartes, 20, rue Leblanc, Sorbonne Paris Cite, 75015 Paris, France(1).

Purpose: Dupuytren's disease is a common and disabling condition. Its pathophysiology is not well understood. Some patients complain of postoperative loss of fingertip sensitivity that could be due either to the surgery or to the disease itself. Read More

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October 2018

Soft-Tissue Imaging in a Human Mummy: Propagation-based Phase-Contrast CT.

Radiology 2018 Dec 25;289(3):670-676. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

From the Department of Applied Physics, Biomedical & X-Ray Physics, KTH Royal Institute of Technology/Albanova University Center, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden (J.R., W.V., H.M.H.); Department of Orthopaedics, Hospital of Varberg, Varberg, Sweden (M.R.); Museum of Mediterranean and Near Eastern Antiquities, Stockholm, Sweden (S.H.); and Department of Sociology, Egyptology and Anthropology, American University in Cairo, Cairo, Egypt (S.I.).

Purpose To evaluate phase-contrast CT as a noninvasive alternative to histology in the study of ancient soft tissue. Materials and Methods The imaging was performed between May 8 and June 13, 2017. A mummified human hand from ancient Egypt was imaged in a laboratory phase-contrast CT arrangement with propagation-based imaging. Read More

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December 2018
7 Reads

Economical and compact briefcase spectral-domain optical coherence tomography system for primary care and point-of-care applications.

J Biomed Opt 2018 Sep;23(9):1-11

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, U, United States.

Development of low-cost and portable optical coherence tomography (OCT) systems is of global interest in the OCT research community. Such systems enable utility broadly throughout a clinical facility, or in remote areas that often lack clinical infrastructure. We report the development and validation of a low-cost, portable briefcase spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) system for point-of-care diagnostics in primary care centers and/or in remote settings. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Vibro-Tactile Enhancement of Speech Intelligibility in Multi-talker Noise for Simulated Cochlear Implant Listening.

Trends Hear 2018 Jan-Dec;22:2331216518797838

2 MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, University of Cambridge, UK.

Many cochlear implant (CI) users achieve excellent speech understanding in acoustically quiet conditions but most perform poorly in the presence of background noise. An important contributor to this poor speech-in-noise performance is the limited transmission of low-frequency sound information through CIs. Recent work has suggested that tactile presentation of this low-frequency sound information could be used to improve speech-in-noise performance for CI users. Read More

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September 2018

Noninvasive Monitoring of Blood Glucose Using Color-Coded Photoplethysmographic Images of the Illuminated Fingertip Within the Visible and Near-Infrared Range: Opportunities and Questions.

J Diabetes Sci Technol 2018 Nov 15;12(6):1169-1177. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

3 Interdisciplinary Center for Life Sciences, South-Westphalia University of Applied Sciences, Iserlohn, Germany.

Noninvasive blood glucose assays have been promised for many years and various molecular spectroscopy-based methods of skin are candidates for achieving this goal. Due to the small spectral signatures of the glucose used for direct physical detection, moreover hidden among a largely variable background, broad spectral intervals are usually required to provide the mandatory analytical selectivity, but no such device has so far reached the accuracy that is required for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). A recently presented device as described in this journal, based on photoplethysmographic fingertip images for measuring glucose in a nonspecific indirect manner, is especially evaluated for providing reliable blood glucose concentration predictions. Read More

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November 2018
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A novel experimental design for the measurement of metacarpal bone loading and deformation and fingertip force.

PeerJ 2018 11;6:e5480. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Animal Postcranial Evolution Lab, Skeletal Biology Research Centre, School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK.

Background: Musculoskeletal and finite element modelling are often used to predict joint loading and bone strength within the human hand, but there is a lack of in vitro evidence of the force and strain experienced by hand bones.

Methods: This study presents a novel experimental setup that allows the positioning of a cadaveric digit in a variety of postures with the measurement of force and strain experienced by the third metacarpal. The setup allows for the measurement of fingertip force as well. Read More

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September 2018
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Vibrotactile and thermal perception and its relation to finger skin thickness.

Clin Neurophysiol Pract 2018 12;3:33-39. Epub 2018 Feb 12.

Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Objective: Quantitative measurements of vibrotactile and thermotactile perception thresholds (VPT and TPT, respectively) rely on responses from sensory receptors in the skin when mechanical or thermal stimuli are applied to the skin. The objective was to examine if there is a relation between skin thickness (epidermis and dermis) and VPT or TPT.

Methods: Perception thresholds were measured on the volar side of the fingertip on 148 male subjects, out of which 116 were manual workers exposed to hand-transmitted vibration and 32 were white-collar (office) workers. Read More

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February 2018