122 results match your criteria Fifth-Toe Deformities

Differences in foot dimensions between children and adolescents with and without Down syndrome.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Mar 11:1-8. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Discipline of Podiatry, School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport, La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia.

Purpose: This study compared the differences in foot dimensions between children with and without Down syndrome using three-dimensional (3D) foot scans.

Methods: 51 children with and 51 children without Down syndrome had a 3D scan taken of their right foot to compare the absolute and normalised (for height or foot length) measurements.

Results: Normalised foot length was shorter in children with Down syndrome (MD -11. Read More

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Case-control study of the treatment of postaxial polysyndactyly of the foot: Comparison of surgical results after removal of the fifth or sixth toe.

Arch Plast Surg 2021 Jan 15;48(1):91-97. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: In postaxial polysyndactyly of the foot, the choice of which toe to excise is controversial. It is often treated by resection of the fifth toe to save the lateral neurovascular bundles of the sixth toe. However, the sixth toe is often short and laterally deviated, which may require wedge osteotomy, potentially shortening the phalanx and compromising circulation. Read More

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January 2021

Congenital Unilateral Hypertrophy of the Plantar Musculature with Multiple Toe Deformities: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Case Rep Orthop 2020 24;2020:8402531. Epub 2020 Dec 24.

Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Heidelberg University Hospital, Schlierbacher Landstrasse 200a, 69118 Heidelberg, Germany.

Congenital unilateral hypertrophy of the plantar musculature is a rare condition, and to our knowledge, reports of only 14 cases have been previously published. As only one describes a concomitant orthopedic toe deformity, we report our case of abductor hallucis, flexor digitorum brevis, and abductor digiti minimi muscle hypertrophy in combination with hallux valgus and claw toe deformity as well as a laterally abducted fifth toe. Thus, this report presents the rare case of congenital hypertrophy of the plantar musculature associated with complex toe deformities. Read More

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December 2020

[Application of dorsal foot hexagonal flap for reconstruction of web space in fourth and fifth toe syndactyly combined with polydactyly].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2020 Dec;34(12):1590-1593

The 1st Department of Orthopedics, Hebei Province Children's Hospital, Shijiazhuang Hebei, 050031, P.R.China.

Objective: To explore the application of the dorsal foot hexagonal flap for reconstruction of the web space in the fourth and fifth toe syndactyly combined with polydactyly.

Methods: Between May 2016 and October 2019, 27 patients (34 feet) with the fourth and fifth toe syndactyly combined with polydactyly were treated, including 12 males and 15 females with an average age of 22.8 months (range, 10 months to 8 years). Read More

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December 2020

Is the Apert foot an overlooked aspect of this rare genetic disease? Clinical findings and treatment options for foot deformities in Apert syndrome.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Nov 28;21(1):788. Epub 2020 Nov 28.

Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics and Foot and Ankle Surgery, Orthopedic Hospital Speising, Speisingerstrasse 109, 1130, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Apert syndrome is characterised by the presence of craniosynostosis, midface retrusion and syndactyly of hands and feet, thus, synonymously referred to as acrocephalosyndactyly type I. Considering these multidisciplinary issues, frequently requiring surgical interventions at an early age, deformities of the feet have often been neglected and seem to be underestimated in the management of Apert syndrome. Typical Apert foot features range from complete fusion of the toes and a central nail mass to syndactyly of the second to fifth toe with a medially deviated great toe; however, no clear treatment algorithms were presented so far. Read More

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November 2020

The Two-Component Implant for Interphalangeal Fusion in Toe Deformities.

J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2020 Jul;110(4)

Background: Although Kirschner wire implantation is popular for treating toe deformities, complications frequently occur. To prevent pin-tract infection and difficult Kirschner wire extraction, several implants have been developed to improve treatment outcomes.

Methods: Patients who had undergone an interphalangeal fusion by two-component implant for the treatment of toe deformities were included. Read More

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Percutaneous Bunionette Correction: Retrospective Case Series.

Foot Ankle Spec 2020 Jul 1:1938640020937501. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Hospital Belo Horizonte, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil (GN).

. Bunionette is a deformity of the fifth metatarsal in which there is a painful lateral bony prominence of the distal region of this bone caused by various anatomical and biomechanical changes. The aim of this study is to report on a minimally invasive technique without the use of hardware to treat these deformities. Read More

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Reproducibility of foot dimensions measured from 3-dimensional foot scans in children and adolescents with Down syndrome.

J Foot Ankle Res 2020 06 4;13(1):31. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Discipline of Podiatry, School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport, La Trobe University, Victoria, 3086, Australia.

Background: Children and adolescents with Down syndrome have a distinctive foot shape (such as wide and flat feet) that often leads to difficulty with footwear fitting. 3-dimensional (3D) scanning can accurately measure the foot dimensions of individuals with Down syndrome, which may assist shoe fit. However, the reproducibility of measuring foot dimensions using 3D scans in children and adolescents with Down syndrome is unknown. Read More

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Prevalence of Accessory Bones and Tarsal Coalitions Based on Radiographic Findings in a Healthy, Asymptomatic Population.

Clin Orthop Surg 2020 Jun 14;12(2):245-251. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Accessory bones and tarsal coalitions are the most common developmental variations of the foot and ankle. However, their clinical implications are not well understood because there is no established prevalence data in the normal population and the reported prevalence varies widely. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the incidence of accessory ossicles and tarsal coalitions in a healthy, asymptomatic Korean population. Read More

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Body Fat and Muscle Mass in Association with Foot Structure in Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 01 28;17(3). Epub 2020 Jan 28.

Institute of Health Sciences, Medical College, University of Rzeszów, ul. Kopisto 2a, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland.

Prior studies have investigated associations between body mass index (BMI) and foot structure; however, these studies are limited only to the evaluation of the longitudinal arch of the foot and do not evaluate associations with body composition. Therefore, this study examined associations between body fat percentage (BFP) and muscle mass percentage with foot structure in adolescents. This study was conducted with 158 healthy subjects aged from 11 to 13 years. Read More

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January 2020

Foot Deformities in Women Are Associated with Wearing High-Heeled Shoes.

Med Sci Monit 2019 Oct 16;25:7746-7754. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Institute of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, The Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce, Poland.

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the association between foot deformities and type of shoe regularly worn at work. MATERIAL AND METHODS We studied 150 employed women ages 30-40 years and divided them into 3 groups according to type of footwear worn: women in Group I wore flat-soled shoes, women in Group II wore mid-heeled shoes (heels 4.0±0. Read More

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October 2019

[Congenital ectrodactyly caused by chromosome 10q24.31 duplication and its pathogenetic analysis].

Yi Chuan 2019 Aug;41(8):716-724

Department of Medical Genetics, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.

In order to investigate the genetic variations and the clinical manifestations of a range of congenital ectrodactyly family and to summarize the split hand/foot malformation (SHFM) types and their related pathogenic genes, we conducted phenotypic analyses of patient's limbs by physical and X-ray examination. The haplotypes were analyzed by using the extracted genes from peripheral blood on D10S1709, D10S192, D10S597, D10S1693 and D10S587 loci, and the mutation duplication loci were confirmed by Array-CGH detection. The pathogenic factors and inheritance pattern of SHFM were analyzed based on family investigation and gene analysis. Read More

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Ainhum, a rare mutilating dermatological disease in a female Cameroonian: a case report.

BMC Dermatol 2019 08 12;19(1):12. Epub 2019 Aug 12.

Health and Human Development (2HD) Research Network, Douala, Cameroon.

Background: Ainhum is an idiopathic dermatological disease characterized by a progressive constricting ring usually on the fifth toe, which may lead to spontaneous auto-amputation of the affected toe. Timely diagnosis and treatment are the key elements to avert amputations with resultant mutilating deformities, permanent handicaps and psychological sequelae. Though common in African descents, this pathology has not been described in the Cameroonian literature. Read More

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A novel missense mutation in TFAP2B associated with Char syndrome and central diabetes insipidus.

Am J Med Genet A 2019 07 22;179(7):1299-1303. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Division of Newborn Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States.

Char syndrome is characterized by persistent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) associated with hand-skeletal abnormalities and distinctive facial dysmorphism. Pathogenic variants in the transcription factor gene TFAP2B have been shown to cause Char syndrome; however, there is significant phenotypic variability linked to variant location. Here, we report a pediatric patient with a novel de novo variant in the fifth exon of TFAP2B, c. Read More

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The incidence of biphalangeal fifth toe: Comparison of normal population and patients with foot deformity.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2019 Jan-Apr;27(1):2309499019825521

4 Sivas Numune Hospital, Sivas, Turkey.

Background: Pedal biphalangism, which was also defined as symphalangism, is seen at a frequency that cannot be ignored; however, no study can be found in the literature evaluating biphalangism in normal population in comparison to those who have foot disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of the pedal fifth toe symphalangism in normal population and in patients with foot deformity including hallux valgus, pes planus, pes cavus, and pes equinovarus. We hypothesized that pedal fifth toe symphalangism may be a predisposing factor or an accompanying structural variation for foot deformity. Read More

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Biparental/androgenetic mosaicism in a male with features of overgrowth and placental mesenchymal dysplasia.

Clin Genet 2018 12 7;94(6):564-568. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

School of Medicine, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri.

Biparental/androgenetic mosaicism is a rarely diagnosed condition in humans. It is typically ascertained prenatally on the basis of placental mesenchymal dysplasia. Fetal outcome can range from demise due to intrauterine growth retardation to term delivery. Read More

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December 2018

Minimally invasive bunionette correction.

Oper Orthop Traumatol 2018 Jun 27;30(3):184-194. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Medizinische Fakultät, Universität zu Köln, Köln, Germany.

Objective: Bunionette or 'tailor's bunion' is a deformity of the fifth ray, which comes along with a metatarsus quintus valgus and a varus deformity of the fifth toe with subluxation of the metatarsophalangeal joint. A minimally invasive osteotomy of the fifth metatarsal without internal fixation using burrs is an increasingly used alternative for symptomatic tailor's bunion deformity. Similar to open surgery procedures the type of osteotomy complies with the underlying pathology. Read More

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Validation of the Healthy Foot Screen: A Novel Assessment Tool for Common Clinical Abnormalities.

Adv Skin Wound Care 2018 Apr;31(4):154-162

Reneeka Persaud, MD, MScCH • Dalla Lana School of Public Health • University of Toronto • Research Coordinator • Toronto Regional Wound Healing Clinic • Adjunct Faculty • International Interprofessional Wound Care Course • Toronto, Ontario, Canada Patricia M. Coutts, RN • Wound Care & Clinical Trials Coordinator • Toronto Regional Wound Healing Clinic • Faculty • International Interprofessional Wound Care Course • Toronto, Ontario, Canada Alisa Brandon, BSc • Medical Student • Faculty of Medicine • University of Toronto • Toronto, Ontario, Canada Luvneet Verma, BSc • Medical Student • Faculty of Medicine • University of Ottawa • Ottawa, Ontario, Canada James A. Elliott, MSc • Faculty • International Interprofessional Wound Care Course • Member • Wounds Canada Research Committee • Toronto, Ontario, Canada R. Gary Sibbald, MD, MEd, BSc, FRCPC (Med Derm), MACP, FAAD, MAPWCA • Professor • Medicine and Public Health • University of Toronto • Toronto, Ontario, Canada • Director • International Interprofessional Wound Care Course & Masters of Science in Community Health (Prevention & Wound Care) • Dalla Lana Faculty of Public Health • University of Toronto • Previous President • World Union of Wound Healing Societies • Clinical Editor • Advances in Skin & Wound Care • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

General Purpose: The purpose of this learning activity is to provide information about the Healthy Foot Screen, a new tool for assessment of common foot abnormalities.

Target Audience: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care.

Learning Objectives/outcomes: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to:1. Read More

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A novel association of pseudoainhum and epidermolytic ichthyosis, successfully treated with full thickness skin graft after failed z-plasty repair.

Dermatol Online J 2018 Jan 15;24(1). Epub 2018 Jan 15.

5New York University School of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, New York. daren.

Pseudoainhum is a rare constriction band variant thatmay progress to spontaneous digital strangulationand auto-amputation. Although its association withpalmoplantar keratodermas is well established, ithas not been reported in conjunction with classicepidermolytic ichthyosis. We describe the first suchcase in a 25-year-old woman who presented witha painful constricting band of the fifth toe. Read More

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January 2018

Congenital Quintus Valgus: An Extremely Rare Anomaly: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2017 Oct-Dec;7(4):e75

Electricwala Hospital and Clinic, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Case: We present an unusual case of unilateral congenital quintus valgus of the left foot (congenital lateral deviation of the fifth [little] toe) in a 1.5-year-old boy. The child had no other congenital malformations. Read More

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[Congenital malformations of the forefoot].

Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2016 Oct;61(5):519-527

Service de chirurgie pédiatrique, hôpital Général, Bangui, République centrafricaine.

Malformations and deformations of the forefoot are a frequent reason for consultation. The most frequent malformations viewed at birth are syndactylies (second web space), clinodactylies (quintus varus, halllux), polydactylies (hallux, fifth toe). The macrodactylies, hypoplasia, amniotic bands are rare. Read More

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October 2016

Ainhum: A Spot Diagnosis.

Indian J Surg 2015 Dec 28;77(Suppl 3):1411-2. Epub 2014 Aug 28.

Department of Plastic Surgery Unit 2, Christian Medical College, Ground Floor, Paul Brand Building, Vellore, 632004 India.

Ainhum is an acquired progressive condition presenting with a constriction ring around the fifth toe. Classically, it was reported in people of African origin and has been very rarely reported in India. Ainhum when diagnosed and treated early can be prevented from progressing to mutilating deformities. Read More

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December 2015


Georgian Med News 2016 Feb(251):58-64

1Department "Medicinal Information and Non-interventional studies", Bulgarian Drug Agency, Sofia, Bulgaria; 2"Onkoderma"- Ambulatory Clinic for Dermatology and Skin Surgery, Sofia, Bulgaria; 3Department of General and Clinical Pathology, Medical Faculty, "Saint Kliment Ohridski University"; 4Dermatology Department, University Hospital of Coimbra, Praceta Mota Pinto, Portugal; 5Department of General and Clinical pathology, Medical University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria; 6Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Academic Teaching Hospital Dresden-Friedrichstadt, Dresden, Germany.

We describe a rare case of a 28 year-old male patient presenting with pruritus and increased sensitivity of the prepuce accompanied by erythematous confluent papules, unilateral nevus flammeus (NF) along almost the whole length of the right lower limb and two dysplastic nevi (DN), one located on the mid back and the other on the medial border of the right fifth toe, the latter coinciding with the NF. A biopsy of the prepuce revealed lichen sclerosus et atrophicus (LSA). Mental health assessment revealed anxiety disorder and predisposition to panic attacks. Read More

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February 2016

Pathologic Disorders of the Foot in Professional Female Flamenco Dancers.

J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2016 Jan-Feb;106(1):54-9

Background: The foot is the main element of artistic creation in flamenco dancing. At the professional level, the foot undergoes high musculoskeletal demands, predisposing the development of podiatric pathologic disorders in this group. The principal objective of this study was to determine the most common foot lesions in professional female flamenco dancers. Read More

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January 2017

The variations of peroneus digiti quinti muscle and its contribution to the extension of the fifth toe. A cadaveric study.

Saudi Med J 2015 Nov;36(11):1285-9

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Fatih University, Buyukcekmece, Istanbul, Turkey. E-mail.

Objectives: To investigate the origin, prevalence, and possible effects of peroneus digiti quinti muscle (PDQ) on the fifth toe, to find out the variations of PDQ by determining the relationship between peroneus brevis muscle (PB) and PDQ, and to reveal its importance for the applications in foot and ankle surgery. 

Methods: This study was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Kahramanmaras, Turkey between September 2013 and June 2014. The study was a prospective dissection of cadaveric lower limbs. Read More

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November 2015

[Analysis of the difference between the appearance and the bony structure in the polysyndactyly of the fifth toe fused with the fourth toe].

Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2015 Mar;31(2):102-6

Objective: To investigate difference between the appearance and the bony structure in the polysyndactyly of the fifth toe fused with the fourth toe.

Methods: From Jan. 2009 to Jan. Read More

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Forefoot Deformity in Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Comparison of Shod and Unshod Populations.

Foot Ankle Spec 2015 Oct 4;8(5):378-83. Epub 2015 May 4.

Abhishek Hospital and Foot and Ankle Centre, Vadodara, Gujarat, India (MHD)Foot and Ankle Unit, University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool, UK (LWM)Foot and Ankle Unit, Royal Gwent Hospital, Aneurin Bevan University Health Board, Newport, UK (KH).

Unlabelled: All reported rheumatoid arthritis (RA) forefoot deformities in the literature thus far have arisen from shoe wearing populations. Our aim in this study was to compare hallucal deformities seen in a shod population with an unshod population. A population comparison was undertaken in 2 specialized foot and ankle units, one in India and one in the United Kingdom. Read More

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October 2015

Plantar loading reflects ulceration risks of diabetic foot with toe deformation.

Y C Lu Q C Mei Y D Gu

Biomed Res Int 2015 16;2015:326493. Epub 2015 Mar 16.

Faculty of Sports Science, Ningbo University, No. 818, Fenghua Road, Ningbo 315211, China.

Diabetes has been one of the most common chronic diseases all over the world. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively assess the foot loading characteristics of diabetic patients with fifth-toe deformity through a comparative analysis with diabetic patients with healthy and normal feet. Six neuropathic diabetic female subjects with the fifth-toe deformation and six age-matched neuropathic diabetic controls without any feet deformities participated in the walking test. Read More

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December 2015

Valgus toe deformity of fourth proximal phalanx due to osteochondroma treated with closing wedge osteotomy.

Foot Ankle Surg 2014 Dec 12;20(4):e51-5. Epub 2014 Jul 12.

Department of 1st Orthopaedic Surgery, Mito Red Cross Hospital, 3-12-48, Sannomaru, Mito City, Ibaraki 310-0011, Japan. Electronic address:

Osteochondroma is the most common benign tumor of all benign and primary bone tumors. It rarely occurs in the proximal phalanx of the lesser toe. The treatment of osteochondroma usually consists of simple resection. Read More

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December 2014