The obligatory role of Activin A in the formation of heterotopic bone in Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva.
Bone 2017 Jun 16. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, 777 Old Saw Mill River Road, Tarrytown, NY 10591, USA; Regeneron Genetics Center, 777 Old Saw Mill River Road, Tarrytown, NY 10591, USA. Electronic address:
Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva (FOP) is a rare genetic disorder that presents at birth with only minor patterning defects, but manifests its debilitating pathology early in life with episodic, yet progressive and cumulative, heterotopic ossification (HO) of ligaments, tendons, and a subset of major skeletal muscles. The resulting HO lesions are endochondral in nature, and appear to be linked to inflammatory stimuli arising in association with known injuries, or from inflammation linked to normal tissue repair. FOP is caused by gain-of-function mutations in ACVR1, which encodes a type I BMP receptor. Read More