229,983 results match your criteria Fever in the Neonate and Young Child


Implications of household tobacco and alcohol use on child health and women's welfare in six low and middle-income countries: An analysis from a gender perspective.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jun 5;281:114102. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Centre for Global Health Research, Unity Health Toronto, University of Toronto, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5B 1W8, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: To study the implications of household tobacco and alcohol use on child health and women's welfare using a gender lens in Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, and Nigeria with varied geographical and cultural characteristics in the pattern of tobacco and alcohol use.

Methods: We identified child health and women's welfare outcomes that may be impacted by tobacco and alcohol use, with a focus on the crowding-out effects on household resource allocation. For child health indicators, we focussed on engagement in preventative care, nutrition, and responses to acute illness. Read More

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Anticoagulant-induced hemorrhagic cholecystitis with hemobilia after deceased donor kidney transplant and literature review.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 26;84:106027. Epub 2021 May 26.

Augusta University, Department of Surgery, United States of America. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Hemobilia and hemorrhagic cholecystitis are uncommon causes of right upper quadrant abdominal pain. The development of intra-gallbladder and biliary bleeding has been primarily associated with abdominal trauma, malignancy, liver transplant, and iatrogenic injury to the biliary tree and vasculature. Spontaneous anticoagulant induced hemorrhagic cholecystitis and hemobilia are incredibly rare events and have only been documented by a handful of case reports. Read More

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Unfolding the Apoptotic Mechanism of Antioxidant Enriched-Leaves of Tabebuia pallida (Lindl.) Miers in EAC Cells and Mouse Model.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 9:114297. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Pharmacy, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Tabebuia pallida (Lindl.) Miers (T. pallida) is a well-known native Caribbean medicinal plant. Read More

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Neonatal Fever With Hepatomegaly and a Rapidly Involuting Congenital Hemangioma.

J Pediatr 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Tokushima University Hospital, Kuramotocho, Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan.

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Aortic Angiosarcoma in Association with Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Jun 12;22:e931740. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Division of Clinical Pathology, Niigata University Faculty of Medicine, Niigata, Japan.

BACKGROUND Primary aortic sarcoma often poses diagnostic challenges for pathologists and clinicians because of a very low incidence and controversy over nomenclature and definition. We report a case of aortic angiosarcoma in association with a graft. We also conducted a clinicopathological review of cases of primary aortic sarcomas associated with implanted grafts. Read More

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A hungry Histiocyte, altered immunity and myriad of problems: Diagnostic challenges for Pediatric HLH.

Int J Lab Hematol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Introduction: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an immune deregulation disorder with varied clinical presentation which clinically overlaps with widespread tropical infections.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of children diagnosed with HLH at our center from February-2017 to October-2020.

Results: Out of the nine diagnosed patients, genetic predisposition was present in three children; two had identified infectious triggers. Read More

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Swallowing dysfunction and the onset of fever in older residents with special care needs: a thirteen-month longitudinal prospective study.

Odontology 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

School of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Kyushu Dental University, 2-6-1, Manazuru, Kokurakita-ku, Kitakyushu , Fukuoka, 803-8580, Japan.

A decline in swallowing function is frequently observed among older residents in nursing homes. We investigated whether swallowing dysfunction was related to the onset of fever in such individuals. Older residents aged ≥ 65 years from three nursing homes were included in this prospective study conducted from July 2017 to May 2019. Read More

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Current and emerging biological therapy in adult-onset Still's disease.

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a rare, but characteristic non-familial, multi-genic systemic auto-inflammatory disorder, characterized by high spiking fever, salmon-like evanescent skin rash, polyarthritis, sore throat, hyperferritinemia, and leucocytosis. The hallmark of AOSD is a cytokine storm triggered by dysregulation of inflammation. Nowadays, with advances in anti-cytokine biologic agents, the treatment of AOSD is no longer limited to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), glucocorticoids, or conventional synthetic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (csDMARDs). Read More

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Development and application of quality checklist for the prevention and control of COVID-19 in fever clinic and isolation ward of the general hospital.

Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Feb;50(1):74-80

Department of Nosocomial Infections,Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital,Zhejiang University School of Medicine,Hangzhou 310016,China.

To develop a quality control checklist for the prevention and control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in fever clinic and isolation ward of the general hospital and to assess its application. Based on the relevant prevention and control plans and technical guidelines for COVID-19,Delphi method was used to identity items for evaluation,and a quality control checklist for the prevention and control of COVID-19 in the fever clinic and isolation ward was developed in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital. The checklists included 8 dimensions and 32 items for fever clinic,7 dimensions and 27 items for the isolation ward. Read More

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February 2021

Perioperative management of a patient undergoing resection of interleukin-6 producing pheochromocytoma.

JA Clin Rep 2021 Jun 11;7(1):49. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Anesthesiology, Yamagata University Hospital, 2-2-2 Iida-nishi, Yamagata City, Yamagata, 990-9585, Japan.

Background: Pheochromocytomas produce hormones, cytokines, and catecholamines. We report perioperative anesthetic management of a rare interleukin-6 (IL-6)-producing pheochromocytoma.

Case Presentation: A 32-year-old female was scheduled for laparoscopic adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma. Read More

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Diagnosis of COVID-19 in children guided by lack of fever and exposure to SARS-CoV-2.

Pediatr Res 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Emergency, Acceptance and General Pediatrics, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Background: The objective of this study is to test how certain signs and symptoms related to COVID-19 in children predict the positivity or negativity of the SARS-CoV-2 nasopharyngeal swab in children.

Methods: We review the data of children who were tested for SARS-CoV-2 for a suspected infection. We compared the clinical characteristics of the subjects who tested positive and negative, including the sensibility, positive and negative predictive value of different combination of signs and symptoms. Read More

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Antibody-dependent enhancement representing in vitro infective progeny virus titer correlates with the viremia level in dengue patients.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 11;11(1):12354. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Mahidol-Osaka Center for Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, 420/6 Ratchawithi Road, Ratchathewi, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Dengue virus (DENV) causes dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever in humans. Some DF patients suddenly develop severe symptoms around the defervescent period. Although the pathogenic mechanism of the severe symptoms has not been fully elucidated, the viremia level in the early phase has been shown to correlate with the disease severity. Read More

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In-vitro and in-vivo study of the interference between Rift Valley fever virus (clone 13) and Sheeppox/Limpy Skin disease viruses.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 11;11(1):12395. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

R&D Virology, MCI Santé Animale, Lot. 157, Z I, Sud-Ouest (ERAC), B.P. 278, 28810, Mohammedia, Morocco.

Viral interference is a common occurrence that has been reported in cell culture in many cases. In the present study, viral interference between two capripox viruses (sheeppox SPPV and lumpy skin disease virus LSDV in cattle) with Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) was investigated in vitro and in their natural hosts, sheep and cattle. A combination of SPPV/RVFV and LSDV/RVFV was used to co-infect susceptible cells and animals to detect potential competition. Read More

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Pneumocephalus with meningitis secondary to an old traumatic anterior cranial fossa defect.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 11;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Emergency Medicine, Kasturba Hospital Manipal, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

We report a case of a 30-year-old man who presented with altered mental status, fever, headache and vomiting for 3 days. An initial CT scan of the brain revealed the presence of pneumocephalus with a bony defect in the anterior cranial fossa. The pneumocephalus was not explained initially and the patient was re-examined for any signs of trauma to the face, and a review of the history revealed a series of three traumatic events months prior to this illness. Read More

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Extensive right-sided infectious endocarditis due to .

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 11;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Cardiology, Centro Hospitalar do Médio Ave EPE, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal.

is a rare cause of infectious endocarditis. Most cases have an acute and aggressive evolution, with a high mortality rate. We report the case of a 36-year-old man, with a history of unrepaired ventricular septal defect, who came to the emergency department with fever, cough and asthenia with 3 months of evolution. Read More

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Superabsorbent polymer balls as foreign bodies in the nasal cavities of children: our clinical experience.

BMC Pediatr 2021 Jun 11;21(1):273. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Shenzhen Children's Hospital, 7019 Yitian Road, Futian District, Shenzhen, 518038, Guangdong, China.

Objective: To summarize the clinical diagnosis and treatment of superabsorbent polymer balls as nasal foreign bodies in children.

Methods: We retrospectively analysed the clinical data concerning 12 cases of superabsorbent polymer balls as nasal foreign bodies in children and summarized the corresponding clinical features, methods of diagnoses and treatment, and prognoses.

Results: Twelve children with superabsorbent polymer balls as foreign bodies in their nasal cavities presented with relatively severe symptoms, such as congestion, runny nose, and nasal swelling. Read More

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COVID-19 and gastrointestinal symptoms in Mexico, a systematic review: does location matter?

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jun 11;21(1):555. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Medicine, Department of Pathology and Cancer Center, Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Howard University College of Medicine, 2041 Georgia Avenue, N.W, Washington, D.C, 20060, USA.

Background: Covid-19 in Mexico is on the rise in different parts of the country. We aimed to study the symptoms and comorbidities that associate with this pandemic in 3 different regions of Mexico.

Methods: We analyzed data from SARS-CoV-2 positive patients evaluated at healthcare centers and hospitals of Mexico (n = 1607) including Northwest Mexico (Sinaloa state), Southeast Mexico (Veracruz state) and West Mexico (Jalisco state) between March 1 and July 30, 2020. Read More

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Efficacy and safety analysis of dexamethasone-lipiodol emulsion in prevention of post-embolization syndrome after TACE: a retrospective analysis.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 11;21(1):256. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Radiology, Wuhan Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Jiefang Avenue #1277, Wuhan, 430022, China.

Background: To investigate the efficacy and safety of dexamethasone-lipiodol emulsion in the prevention of post-embolization syndrome after TACE.

Method: The data of 255 patients who underwent TACE in the interventional department from June 2017 to June 2020 were collected. This is a retrospective assessment of patients who were non-randomly treated with dexamethasone in TACE. Read More

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Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children with COVID-19.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Jun 8;49:148-152. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, USA.

Background: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a dangerous pediatric complication of COVID-19.

Objective: The purpose of this review article is to provide a summary of the diagnosis and management of MIS-C with a focus on management in the acute care setting.

Discussion: MIS-C is an inflammatory syndrome which can affect nearly any organ system. Read More

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The spectrum of acute leukoencephalopathy with restricted diffusion (ALERD): A case series and review of literature.

Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2021 Jun 6;33:86-93. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Pediatric Neurology, Rainbow Children's Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: The clinico-etiological spectrum of Acute leukoencephalopathy with restricted diffusion (ALERD) is not well known in Indian population. This is likely to vary between populations and ethnicities.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinicoetiological spectrum of ALERD at a tertiary care pediatric center, and described the clinical, imaging, etiological spectrum and short-term outcomes. Read More

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Travel-related infection in Guangzhou,China,2009-2019.

Travel Med Infect Dis 2021 Jun 8:102106. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

Background: We analyzed the epidemiological characteristics of travel-related infectious diseases in reported Guangzhou between 2009 and 2019 to provide a scientific basis for prevention and control strategies.

Method: The infectious diseases report information system of China was mined for case reports, combined with clinical diagnosis records, and analyzed.

Results: Between 2009 and 2019, 1,478 cases of imported infectious diseases were reported in Guangzhou. Read More

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Coexistence of immune-mediated diseases in sarcoidosis Frequency and clinical significance in 1737 patients.

Joint Bone Spine 2021 Jun 8:105236. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Medicine, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Department of Autoimmune Diseases, ICMiD, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Objective: To analyze whether immune-mediated diseases (IMDs) occurs in sarcoidosis more commonly than expected in the general population, and how concomitant IMDs influence the clinical presentation of the disease.

Methods: We searched for coexisting IMDs in patients included in the SARCOGEAS-cohort, a multicenter nationwide database of consecutive patients diagnosed according to the ATS/ESC/WASOG criteria. Comparisons were made considering the presence or absence of IMD clustering, and odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated as the ratio of observed cases of every IMD in the sarcoidosis cohort to the observed cases in the general population. Read More

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Ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological activities and toxicological profile of Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC.: A review.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 8:114313. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Chittagong, Chittagong, 4318, Bangladesh; Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 50300, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC. is a perennial shrub indigenous to the tropical and subtropical regions of India, China, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippine, Java, Sumatra, Borneo and Australia. Read More

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Anneslea fragrans Wall. ameliorates ulcerative colitis via inhibiting NF-κB and MAPK activation and mediating intestinal barrier integrity.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 8:114304. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Faculty of Agriculture and Food, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, 650500, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Anneslea fragrans Wall. is traditionally used as a folk medicine in treating indigestion, fever, dysentery, diarrhea, and liver inflammation in China, Vietnam and Cambodia. However, its anti-inflammatory activity and mechanism under a safety therapeutic dose as well as the main chemical components have not yet been fully investigated. Read More

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Larvicidal potential of cell wall degrading enzymes from Trichoderma asperellum against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae).

Biotechnol Prog 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Laboratório de Química de Polímeros (LQP) - ICB2 - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.

Background: Aedes aegypti is a mosquito vector of arboviruses such as Dengue, Chikungunya, Zika and Yellow Fever that cause important public health diseases. The incidence and gravity of these diseases justifies the search for effective measures to reduce the presence of this vector in the environment. Bioinsecticides are an effective alternative method for insect control, with added ecological benefits such as biodegradability. Read More

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High risk of early sub-therapeutic penicillin concentrations after intramuscular benzathine penicillin G injections in Ethiopian children and adults with rheumatic heart disease.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Jun 11;15(6):e0009399. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Introduction: Intramuscular benzathine penicillin G (BPG) injections are a cornerstone of secondary prophylaxis to prevent acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Uncertainties regarding inter-ethnic and preparation variability, and target exposure profiles of BPG injection are key knowledge gaps for RHD control.

Methods: To evaluate BPG pharmacokinetics (PK) in patients receiving 4-weekly doses in Ethiopia, we conducted a prospective cohort study of ARF/RHD patients attending cardiology outpatient clinics. Read More

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Kawasaki-like Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome Associated with Coronavirus disease 2019 in an Adult: A case report.

Br J Dermatol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Dermatology, Command Hospital Air Force Bangalore, Bengaluru, India.

As Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID -19) pandemic continues to surge, varied spectrum of clinical presentations keeps growing. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recently described COVID-19 associated multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults (MIS-A) that presents as amalgam of Kawasaki disease (KD) and toxic shock syndrome (TSS). We report a 22-year-old Indian male, with five days of fever, headache, myalgia, skin rash and one day history of lower extremity and upper abdominal pain, and vomiting. Read More

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Philadelphia chromosome-positive B-lymphoblastic lymphoma successfully treated with chemotherapy regimen containing imatinib: A rare case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26323

The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Rationale: B-lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LBL) with BCR/ABL mutation (Ph+ B-LBL) is a rare type of cancer in both childhood and adults. Its clinical manifestations are similar to those of other types lymphoma. However, the targeted therapy can substantially improve the outcome of Ph+ B-LBL. Read More

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Ovarian dysgerminoma with pseudo-Meigs syndrome: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26319

Forensic and Pathology Laboratory, Jiaxing University Medical College, Jiaxing, ZJ, China.

Rationale: Dysgerminoma is a rare malignant tumor of the ovary, more frequently occurring in young women. The main signs of pseudo-Meigs syndrome (PMS) are ascites and hydrothorax accompanying benign or malignant ovarian tumors (no fibroma or fibroma-like tumor).

Patient Concerns: A 19-year-old woman with fever and chest tightness for 2 days. Read More

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Mitigating SARS-CoV-2 in the Deployed Environment.

Mil Med 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Surgery, US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA.

Introduction: Unlike other communal living environments (universities, boarding schools, and camps) that have been suspended during the COVID-19 pandemic, the deployed military force must continue its mission. Early challenges in the 2020 deployed environment included limited availability of living and quarantine space and limited testing capacity. This is a brief report of stringent quarantine strategies employed to newly arriving cohorts at a NATO and U. Read More

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