1,155 results match your criteria Femoral Mononeuropathy


Myofibrillar Myopathy Mimicking Polyneuropathy.

Case Rep Neurol 2020 Jan-Apr;12(1):97-102. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

A 76-year-old man with a 5-year history of gait difficulties was suspected to have length-dependent sensorimotor polyneuropathy. Electrodiagnostic results pointed to a foot drop of neurogenic etiology, except for the prominence of myotonic discharges on needle EMG. Tests for acquired and genetic causes of polyneuropathy were unrevealing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325212PMC

Decrease of peripheral resistance after intraoperative administration of iloprost in patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus and with peripheral arterial occlusive disease.

Diab Vasc Dis Res 2020 May-Jun;17(5):1479164120930589

Department of Surgery, Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Wilhelminenspital, Vienna, Austria.

Background: In many cases, Ilomedin infusions are applied as part of a perioperative measure in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease because it makes a relevant vasodilatatory effect in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and with/without peripheral neuropathy.

Aims: A prospective case-control study was performed to investigate the effect of prostanoids on peripheral resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and patients without type 2 diabetes mellitus, as well as the role of peripheral neuropathy in patients undergoing arterial reconstruction.

Methods: Sixty patients undergoing arterial reconstruction were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1479164120930589DOI Listing

Conservative Treatment Versus Ultrasound-Guided Injection in the Management of Meralgia Paresthetica: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Pain Physician 2020 06;23(3):253-262

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Health Sciences, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Education and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Meralgia paresthetica (MP) is an entrapment mononeuropathy of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN), in which conservative treatment options are not always sufficient.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound (US)-guided LFCN injection in the management of MP by comparing with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) therapy and sham TENS therapy.

Study Design: A prospective, randomized, sham-controlled study. Read More

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Posterior femoral cutaneous neuropathy in piriformis syndrome: A vascular hypothesis.

Med Hypotheses 2020 May 30;144:109924. Epub 2020 May 30.

University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville, Department of Biomedical Sciences, 607 Grove Road, Greenville, SC 29605, United States.

Piriformis syndrome is described as a neuromuscular condition which occurs when the sciatic nerve is compressed and/or irritated by the piriformis muscle. It is characterized by acute tenderness in the buttock with sciatica-like pain radiating into the posterior aspect of the thigh, leg, and foot. The neurogenic leg and foot pain experienced with this condition is consistent with involvement of the sciatic nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mehy.2020.109924DOI Listing

Iliacus hematoma syndrome: A systematic review of recent literature and case report.

Injury 2020 May 23. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Orthopaedics, Hanil General Hospital, 308 Uicheon-ro, Dobong-Gu, Seoul 132-703, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Femoral nerve palsy caused by iliacus hematoma is an infrequent diagnosis often missed because of its insidious presentation. However, due to potentially devastating outcomes, prompt recognition and management are essential.

Objectives: The aim with this study was to better characterize clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of iliacus hematoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2020.05.028DOI Listing

Femoral nerve split with variant iliacus muscle: a potential source of femoral nerve entrapment.

Surg Radiol Anat 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Anatomy, Research Institute of Medical Science, Konkuk University School of Medicine, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 05029, Republic of Korea.

The iliacus muscle is a large, flat, triangle-shaped muscle located in the iliac fossa. This muscle forms part of the iliopsoas muscle complex. Although anatomical variations of iliacus muscles are rare, some variations are clinically important due to the possible coexistence of an unusual course of the femoral nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-020-02502-xDOI Listing

No Learning Curve of the Direct Superior Approach in Total Hip Arthroplasty.

Orthop Surg 2020 Jun 18;12(3):852-860. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Amphia Hospital, Breda, The Netherlands.

Objectives: To assess the learning curve of the direct superior approach (DSA) for total hip arthroplasty (THA) and to compare surgical, clinical, and radiological results with a matched control group using the mini posterior approach (MPA).

Methods: A prospective cohort study was performed from October 2016 to May 2017 including our first 52 patients undergoing THA using the DSA. Patients with primary osteoarthritis or osteonecrosis and a body mass index (BMI) < 35 who were eligible for surgery were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/os.12689DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7307249PMC

Meralgia paresthetica: Nerve stimulator-guided injection with methylprednisolone/lidocaine, a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study.

Muscle Nerve 2020 Jun 17;61(6):788-791. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Department of Neurology, Haga Hospital, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Background: Meralgia paresthetica is a mononeuropathy of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve. A common therapy is injection with corticosteroids. The goal of this study was to analyze the effect of injection with methylprednisolone/lidocaine vs placebo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mus.26877DOI Listing

Bilateral Femoral Neuropathy: A Rare Complication of Drug Overdose due to Prolonged Posturing in Lithotomy Position.

Case Rep Neurol Med 2020 10;2020:2352850. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Neurology Department, Sunderland Royal Hospital, South Tyneside & Sunderland NHS Foundation Trust, Sunderland, UK.

Background: Bilateral femoral neuropathy is an uncommon complication of various surgical and nonsurgical procedures, such as pelvic/abdominal surgery or vaginal delivery. . We report a case of a 41-year-old male who was found unresponsive against the wall in a "lithotomy-type" position with both knees flexed at approximately 90 degrees and both hips flexed and externally rotated at approximately 90 and 60 degrees, respectively, 24-48 hours after a drug overdose (combination of dihydrocodeine, paracetamol, diazepam, and amitriptyline). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2352850DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7086416PMC

[Effective treatment of POEMS syndrome accompanied by plasmacytoma with lenalidomide, dexamethasone, and local irradiation].

Rinsho Ketsueki 2020 ;61(3):262-267

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Dokkyo Medical University Hospital.

A 70-year-old woman experienced pain in both gastrocnemius muscles, numbness in the toes, and muscle weakness in both the legs that lasted for two months. After getting admitted to our hospital, the muscle weakness extended to both her arms, and nerve conduction studies revealed decreased nerve conduction velocity, which was more prominent in the elbow and the axilla than in the wrist. A magnetic resonance imaging revealed a tumor in the right femoral neck, which was histologically diagnosed as plasmacytoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11406/rinketsu.61.262DOI Listing

Implanted High Density Cuff Electrodes Functionally Activate Human Tibial and Peroneal Motor Units Without Chronic Detriment to Peripheral Nerve Health.

Neuromodulation 2020 Mar 18. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Objective: Peripheral nerve stimulation via multi-contact nerve cuff electrodes (NCEs) has proved effective in restoring function to individuals with lower-extremity paralysis. This study investigates clinical measures of nerve health over one year post-implantation of a composite flat-interface nerve electrode (C-FINE) on the tibial and peroneal nerves above the knee in a human volunteer. This represents the first deployment of a novel NCE on new neural targets in a uniquely challenging location prone to prolonged externally applied forces, making acute and chronic postoperative observation critical. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ner.13110DOI Listing

Femoral Neuropathy: A Rare Presentation of Retroperitoneal Hematoma with Review of Literature.

Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus 2020 Jan 24;36(1):174-177. Epub 2019 Jun 24.

Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Vincent Hospital, 123 Summer Street, Worcester, MA 01608 USA.

Hematomas in close compartments and in pelvic gutters are always challenging to treat and diagnose. A young female on apixaban for recently diagnosed pulmonary thromboembolism (PE) presented to us for the complaints of right sided lower limb weakness. Neurological examination was positive for the right femoral nerve distribution deficit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12288-019-01126-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7042444PMC
January 2020
0.234 Impact Factor

Histologic evaluation of femoral nerve demyelinating and axonal neuropathy in Wistar rats due to alendronate intake: a randomised study.

J Biol Res (Thessalon) 2020 Dec 18;27. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Laboratory of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Background: Bisphosphonates (BPs) are forceful inhibitors of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Long-term BP use is associated with multiple rare but severe adverse effects. The objective of this study was to investigate the possible effects of BPs in the structure of femoral nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40709-020-0112-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7029514PMC
December 2020

Subperiosteal hematoma of the iliac wing presenting with leg weakness in a young adult footballer.

Radiol Case Rep 2020 Apr 12;15(4):424-426. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Radiology, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

We present the case of a 17 year old football player with a 2 week history of left leg weakness and difficulty weight-bearing. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a well-circumscribed lesion deep to the left iliacus muscle. The patient proceeded to computed tomography-guided biopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2020.01.019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7021541PMC

Cobalt toxic optic neuropathy and retinopathy: Case report and review of the literature.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2020 Mar 25;17:100606. Epub 2020 Jan 25.

Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA.

Purpose: We detail a case of cobalt toxicity with visual and systemic complications, review the pathogenic process for the optic neuropathy and retinopathy, and discuss the controversy of metallic hip prosthesis.

Observations: A 59-year-old female with a history of multiple left hip arthroplasties presented to our clinic with bilateral visual loss. The year prior, she had failure of the hip implant necessitating revision surgery with placement of a chrome-cobalt head. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2020.100606DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6997813PMC

Anatomical analysis of the pelvis to identify any predisposing anatomical factors for ischiofemoral space pathology: a retrospective study.

Br J Radiol 2020 Apr 29;93(1108):20190556. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Dra. Roca Diagnóstico Médico. CEMEDI, Carrera del Sábado, 4, 50006, Zaragoza, Spain.

Objective: Anatomical analysis of the hips and pelvis was performed using MRI to evaluate morphological characteristics and associations between them. We identified correlations between the ischiofemoral space (IFS), quadratus femoris space (QFS), femoral version angle (FVA) and cervicodiaphyseal angle (CDA).

Methods: This study involved a retrospective search of a database of consecutive reports of adult hip MRI examinations carried out between January and September 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjr.20190556DOI Listing

Superficial Femoral Artery Calcification Is a Novel Risk Factor of Microvascular Complications in T2DM Patients.

Calcif Tissue Int 2020 Apr 13;106(4):355-363. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Department of Ultrasound, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Epigenetics and Gene Regulation, Medical Research Center, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 107 West Yanjiang Road, Guangzhou, 510120, China.

Microvascular complications are prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), resulting in increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. However, it is unclear whether above-knee artery calcification relates to microvascular complications. This study was aimed to investigate the role of calcification in superficial femoral arteries (SFA), the major above-knee artery, compared with anterior tibial arteries (ATA) and posterior tibial arteries (PTA), in T2DM-related microvascular complications and explore its risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00223-019-00645-7DOI Listing
April 2020
3.272 Impact Factor

Pain in the hip: Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage in an elderly patient on apixaban.

Am J Emerg Med 2020 May 24;38(5):1046.e1-1046.e3. Epub 2019 Dec 24.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine, United States of America. Electronic address:

As many as 5% of patients using oral anticoagulants suffer from a major bleeding event annually. Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage is a rare but serious complication, with a mortality rate as high as 20%. Oral anticoagulants were responsible for 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2019.12.049DOI Listing

Behçet's disease with rapidly progressive bilateral optic neuropathy and avascular femoral neck necrosis. Literature review and management update.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2019 ;60(3):955-961

Department of Rheumatology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania;

Behçet's disease is a multi-systemic vasculitis of small arteriolar and venular vessels, which shows a wide range of clinical manifestations, such as oral and genital aphthosis, erythema nodosum, panuveitis, complex gastrointestinal disorders, the early onset of neurological involvement being a negative prognostic factor in evolution. We present the case of a 36-year-old patient, who was admitted in the Clinic of Rheumatology for recurrent-neglected oral aphthosis, recurrent erythema nodosum, left hip pain, reduction of visual acuity of the right eye, weight loss, profuse sweating, marked fatigability. From the personal history was retained avascular necrosis of right femoral head, with arthroplasty at this level, human leukocyte antigen-B51 (HLA-B51) positive. Read More

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Cycle Training improves vascular function and neuropathic symptoms in patients with type 2 diabetes and peripheral neuropathy: A randomized controlled trial.

Exp Gerontol 2020 Mar 31;131:110799. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Alejalil Hospital, Aq Qala, Golestan, Iran.

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is associated with peripheral arterial disease and endothelial dysfunction. We investigated the effect of exercise training on the measures of superficial femoral artery (SFA) and neuropathic symptoms in patients with DPN. In a randomized-controlled trial, 31 volunteers with established DPN were randomly assigned to experimental or control groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2019.110799DOI Listing

Postpartum femoral neuropathy: managing the next pregnancy.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Dec 29;12(12). Epub 2019 Dec 29.

Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

A 34-year-old primiparous woman presented in spontaneous labour and had an unassisted vaginal birth of a 3.5 kg infant. Postnatally, the patient experienced lower limb weakness and was unable to mobilise unassisted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-232967DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6936406PMC
December 2019

Meralgia paresthetica: Now showing on 3T magnetic resonance neurography.

SA J Radiol 2019 21;23(1):1745. Epub 2019 Aug 21.

Department of Radiology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Meralgia paresthetica is a neuropathy of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve. Traditionally, the diagnosis is based on classical symptoms and signs. In cases where there is a diagnostic dilemma, the role of magnetic resonance imaging has been to exclude other causes for the patient's presentation, as the small extraspinal peripheral nerves were not well visualised at imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajr.v23i1.1745DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6837795PMC

Association Between Surgical Level and Early Postoperative Thigh Symptoms Among Patients Undergoing Standalone Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

World Neurosurg 2020 Feb 13;134:e885-e891. Epub 2019 Nov 13.

Spine Care Institute, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York, USA.

Background: Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) has often been associated with postoperative lumbar plexus symptoms, including pain, paresthesia, and motor deficits in the lower extremities, especially the anterior thigh regions. Previous studies have suggested that LLIF procedures at L4-L5 will be associated with a greater motor deficit rate than other levels. However, it is unclear which level has the greatest risk of pain and paresthesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.11.025DOI Listing
February 2020

Anatomical Implications Regarding Femoral Nerve Palsy During a Direct Anterior Approach to Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Cadaveric Study.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2020 Jan;102(2):137-142

Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery (K.Y., J.N., S.H., and S.O.) and Bioenvironmental Medicine (T.S.), Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

Background: Femoral nerve palsy is a serious neurological complication following total hip arthroplasty (THA) via a direct anterior approach. One hypothesis is that the nerve injury is caused by malpositioning of retractors over the anterior wall of the acetabulum. The purpose of this cadaveric study was to clarify the anatomical features of the femoral nerve around the anterior acetabular rim and the potential risk of nerve injury during a direct anterior approach to THA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.19.00667DOI Listing
January 2020

Superficial femoral artery access for endovascular aortic repair.

J Vasc Surg 2020 May 4;71(5):1538-1545. Epub 2019 Nov 4.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Objective: The majority of endovascular aneurysm repair procedures are performed through the common femoral artery (CFA). Arterial access is gained by surgical cutdown or percutaneous approach. The surgical approach has a relatively high local complication rate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2019.07.081DOI Listing

[Research progress on meralgia paresthetica after posterior spine surgery].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Nov;57(11):878-880

Department of Spine Surgery, Fuzhou Second Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University, Fuzhou 350007, China.

Meralgia paresthetica (MP) after posterior spine surgery is caused by mechanical compression injury of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, which presents as numbness or paresthesia in the confined area of the anterolateral thigh. MP after posterior spine surgery is a common postoperative complication, and the incidence is 12.7%-25. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-5815.2019.11.016DOI Listing
November 2019

Traction Time, Force and Postoperative Nerve Block Significantly Influence the Development and Duration of Neuropathy Following Hip Arthroscopy.

Arthroscopy 2019 10;35(10):2825-2831

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A.. Electronic address:

Purpose: To (1) evaluate the individual and combined effects of traction time and traction force on postoperative neuropathy following hip arthroscopy, (2) determine if perioperative fascia iliaca block has an effect on the risk of this neuropathy, and (3) identify if the these items had a significant association with the presence, location, and/or duration of postoperative numbness.

Methods: Between February 2015 and December 2016, a consecutive cohort of hip arthroscopy patients was prospectively enrolled. Traction time, force, and postoperative nerve block administration were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2019.03.062DOI Listing
October 2019
2 Reads

Meralgia paresthetica: finding an effective cure.

Authors:
Ardo Sanjaya

Postgrad Med 2020 Jan 6;132(1):1-6. Epub 2019 Oct 6.

Lecturer at the Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Maranatha Christian University, Bandung, Indonesia.

Meralgia Paresthetica (MP) is one of the most common mononeuropathies of the lower limb. MP usually resolves on its own, even without treatment. However, many physicians are not aware of this diagnosis and may confuse patients with another nerve disease such as radiculopathies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00325481.2019.1673582DOI Listing
January 2020
3 Reads

Effect of Shock Wave on Vascular Lesions in Diabetic Rats.

Pain Physician 2019 09;22(5):E505-E510

Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital.

Background: Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in today's society. Diabetes can cause multiple vascular lesions in the body, renal insufficiency, blindness, and so on. However, the evidence concerning the role of extracorporeal shock wave therapy in diabetic vascular disease is insufficient. Read More

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September 2019
2 Reads

Femoral mononeuropathy in Lyme disease: a case report.

Int Med Case Rep J 2019 31;12:243-247. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

Internal Medicine Clinic, Bainbridge, NY 13733, USA.

Background: Peripheral neuropathy is a common complication of Lyme disease. Cranial mononeuropathy, particularly that affecting the facial nerve, can be a presenting symptom, and at times, it can be associated with polyradiculopathies or plexopathies. However, isolated femoral neuropathy has not yet been reported in Lyme disease; therefore, we felt the need to present this case. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IMCRJ.S207889DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6681075PMC
July 2019
6 Reads

Transient pelvic limb neuropathy following proximal metatarsal and tarsal magnetic resonance imaging in seven horses.

Equine Vet J 2020 May 1;52(3):359-363. Epub 2019 Oct 1.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, College Station, Texas, USA.

Background: Pelvic limb neuropathy is a rare post-anaesthetic complication. In the authors' experiences, the incidence of post-anaesthesia neuropathy is increased following MRI of the proximal metatarsus and tarsal regions when compared with previously reported incidences of post-anaesthetic neuropathy.

Objectives: This study reports the incidence, diagnosis, treatment and outcome of seven horses with post-anaesthesia neuropathy following proximal metatarsal and tarsal MRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13181DOI Listing
May 2020
2 Reads

Assessment of Distal Motor Latency of the Femoral Nerve in Clinically Healthy Adult Dogs.

Top Companion Anim Med 2019 Sep 25;36:1-3. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Small Animal Surgery, Department of Veterinary Surgery and Anesthesiology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science - São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil.

This study aimed to evaluate femoral nerve latency time recorded from both vastus lateralis and vastus medialis muscles, in clinically healthy dogs. Eighteen adult dogs were distributed into 2 distinct body mass ranges (Group 1: 1-4.1 kg, n= 9; Group 2: 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.tcam.2019.04.003DOI Listing
September 2019
1 Read

Muscone ameliorates diabetic peripheral neuropathy through activating AKT/mTOR signalling pathway.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2019 Nov 29;71(11):1706-1713. Epub 2019 Aug 29.

Department of Geriatric Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Objectives: Emerging evidence showed that muscone could improve chronic inflammation after myocardial infarction and protect alcohol-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head. However, the function of muscone on diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is obscure.

Methods: The neuronal Schwann cell RSC 96 cells were treated with 125 mmol/l glucose to simulate the cells in DPN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jphp.13157DOI Listing
November 2019
2 Reads

Spontaneous Progressive Muscle Weakness with Persistent Leukocytosis.

Case Rep Surg 2019 9;2019:7085219. Epub 2019 Jul 9.

Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Iliacus compartment syndrome is a rare clinical condition which can result in a severe, unilateral, femoral neuropraxia. Recognition of this syndrome as the cause of a developing neuropathy is often delayed given a lack of familiarity with this clinical diagnosis and the retroperitoneal location of the iliacus muscle. Prompt diagnosis is important to avoid risk of consequent muscle necrosis, rhabdomyolysis, and possibly permanent nerve injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7085219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6652051PMC
July 2019
5 Reads

Is Triamcinolone an Easy and Efficient Way to Treat Meralgia Paresthetica? A Cohort Study.

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2019 Jul-Sep;22(3):308-310

Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Introduction: Meralgia paresthetica (MP) is a painful mononeuropathy of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve. It is usually idiopathic and can be treated with drugs used for neuropathic pain such as pregabalin, gabapentin, and amitriptyline.

Objectives: This study was done to study the effect of triamcinolone acetonide on drug refractory MP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aian.AIAN_432_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6613404PMC
July 2019
5 Reads

[Femoral neuropathy: Haematoma in iliac muscle and a lumbar vertebral fracture].

Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol 2020 Mar - Apr;55(2):120-122. Epub 2019 Jul 25.

Servicio de Geriatría, Hospital Nuestra Señora de Gracia, Zaragoza, España.

75-year-old patient with a history of acenocumarol anticoagulated atrial fibrillation, which shows pain, functional impotence and right lower limb paresthesias after fall. Studies evidenc evertebral fracture L5 and haematoma on right iliac muscle, proceeding to surgical drainage, suspension of acenocumarol, and onset of apixaban. After treatment persisted femoral neuropathy, which not allowed complete functional recovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.regg.2019.06.003DOI Listing
July 2019
3 Reads

Cutaneous Branch of the Obturator Nerve Extending to the Medial Ankle and Foot: A Report of Two Cadaveric Cases.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Nov 23;58(6):1267-1272. Epub 2019 Jul 23.

Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Western University of Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific and College of Podiatric Medicine, Pomona, CA.

The area of skin supplied by the cutaneous branch of the obturator nerve (CBO) is highly variable. Although most introductory anatomy texts describe the CBO as innervating only a portion of the medial thigh, there are numerous reports in the literature of CBOs passing the knee to innervate the proximal, middle, or even distal leg. There are no previous reports of CBOs extending to the ankle and foot. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2019.03.007DOI Listing
November 2019
8 Reads

Pelvic osteochondroma causing meralgia paresthetica.

Neurol India 2019 May-Jun;67(3):928-929

Department of Nursing and Medicine, Federal University of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.263206DOI Listing
March 2020
3 Reads

Compressive Femoral Mononeuropathy Secondary to Acetabular Labral Tear Associated With Paralabral Ganglion Cyst of an Osteoarthritic Hip: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2019 Jul-Sep;9(3):e0344

Department of Knee and Hip Arthroplasty, Shalby Hospitals, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Case: A 61-year-old man presented with a 5-year history of left hip pain and a 6-month history of left groin swelling associated with hypoesthesia and proximal muscle weakness. Radiograph of the left hip showed degenerative joint disease. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large, anteriorly displaced paralabral cyst of the left hip joint. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.CC.18.00344DOI Listing
June 2020
1 Read

Potential compression neuropathy of the femoral nerve caused by the delivery sheath of a transcatheter leadless pacemaker.

HeartRhythm Case Rep 2019 Jun 19;5(6):317-320. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hrcr.2019.03.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6587042PMC
June 2019
4 Reads

Successful treatment of lymphedema in a vasculopath and neuropathic patient.

J Surg Oncol 2020 Jan 22;121(1):182-186. Epub 2019 Jun 22.

Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, California.

This is a case report of a 68-year-old male with stage III right lower extremity lymphedema following right inguinal lymph node dissection and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma. He developed peripheral neuropathy and radiation-induced right femoral artery thrombosis, treated with saphenous vein graft. He underwent three vascularized lymph node transfers (VLNTs) to the upper medial thigh, posterior calf, and ankle with placement of nanofibrillar collagen scaffolds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jso.25590DOI Listing
January 2020
24 Reads

Inguinal segmental nerve conduction of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve in healthy controls and in patients with meralgia paresthetica.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Sep 18;67:40-45. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

Adnan Menderes University, Medical Faculty, Department of Neurosurgery, Aydin, Turkey.

A common entrapment site of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) is in the vicinity of the inguinal ligament. However the more distal segment of this nerve can also be affected. Electrophysiological evaluation of this nerve is difficult. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2019.06.027DOI Listing
September 2019
9 Reads

Ultrasound-guided Musculoskeletal Interventions for the Most Common Hip and Pelvis Conditions: A Step-by-Step Approach.

Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2019 Jun 4;23(3):e58-e67. Epub 2019 Jun 4.

IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milano Italy.

Pain around the hip and pelvis is a very common condition. Pain may be generated within the joint space (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1683965DOI Listing
June 2019
9 Reads

4-Phenylbutyric acid protects against vasculitic peripheral neuropathy induced by ischaemia-reperfusion through attenuating endoplasmic reticulum stress.

Inflammopharmacology 2019 Aug 22;27(4):713-722. Epub 2019 May 22.

Department of Anesthesiology, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, 289, Jianguo Rd., Sindian District, New Taipei City, 23142, Taiwan.

Vasculitic peripheral neuropathy (VPN) is characterized by acute-to-subacute onset of painful sensory and motor disturbances that result from inflammatory obliteration of nerve blood vessels and subsequent ischaemic injury. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various peripheral neuropathies, and 4-phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA) is a chemical chaperone that inhibits ER stress signaling. We investigated the effects of 4-PBA on neuropathic pain associated with VPN induced by ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) and its underlying mechanisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10787-019-00604-6DOI Listing
August 2019
8 Reads

Femoral nerve palsy following primary total hip arthroplasty with the direct anterior approach.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(5):e0217068. Epub 2019 May 20.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Nerve palsy following total hip arthroplasty (THA) can have a serious effect on a patient`s functional prognosis and on cost-effectiveness, and it is the leading cause of THA-associated medical litigation. However, only a few studies focus on femoral nerve palsy (FNP) following THA with the direct anterior approach (DAA). Moreover, several studies have reported that THA with DAA may result in higher complication rates, particularly during the so-called 'learning-curve period' for the surgeon. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0217068PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6527207PMC
January 2020
1 Read

Resveratrol alleviates nuclear factor-κB-mediated neuroinflammation in vasculitic peripheral neuropathy induced by ischaemia-reperfusion via suppressing endoplasmic reticulum stress.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2019 08 29;46(8):770-779. Epub 2019 May 29.

Department of Anesthesiology, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan.

Vasculitic peripheral neuropathy (VPN) arises from an inflammatory obstruction in the blood vessels supplying peripheral nerves and subsequent ischaemic insults, which exhibits the clinical features of neuropathic pain and impaired peripheral nerve function. VPN induced by ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) has been reported to involve nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)-mediated neuroinflammation. Recent studies have suggested that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been implicated in the development of peripheral neuropathies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1440-1681.13105DOI Listing
August 2019
7 Reads

Painful Hip Arthroplasty: What Should We Find? Diagnostic Approach and Results.

J Arthroplasty 2019 Aug 13;34(8):1802-1807. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush, Central Dupage Hospital, Chicago, IL.

Introduction: Identifying the source of pain is paramount for determining appropriate treatment and ensuring successful outcome in terms of management and relief of pain. The difficulty is that each surgeon has his or her own way of seeing the problem, and there is no consensus for the evaluation of these patients. The study hypothesis was that it is possible to find the cause of the pain in most cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2019.04.014DOI Listing
August 2019
29 Reads

Percutaneous Drainage of an Iliopsoas Hematoma in a Hemophilia Patient.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2019 Apr 30. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, University of Health Sciences, Ankara Child Health and Diseases Hematology Oncology, Training and Research Hospital.

In patients with hemophilia, the usual treatment for both iliopsoas hematoma and associated femoral nerve compression is conservative. The case presented herein is a moderate hemophilia A patient with significant femoral neuropathy due to iliopsoas hematoma whose symptoms could not be managed with an aggressive factor VIII replacement program for >2 weeks. An unusual treatment option - percutaneous catheter insertion and aspiration of the hematoma - alleviated the examination findings and reversed his abilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPH.0000000000001503DOI Listing
April 2019
9 Reads

Case report: Femoral neuropathy with conduction block.

J Neurol Sci 2019 Jun 13;401:17-18. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Children's Hospital of Wisconsin and the Medical College of Wisconsin, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2019.04.018DOI Listing
June 2019
8 Reads

Bilateral thigh compartment syndromes from extended sitting with forward bending.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Jun 6;64:35-37. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Neurology, Juntendo University, Japan.

Alcohol consumption and subsequent sleeping in unusual positions often causes compression neuropathies. In this case, we experienced a unique case of bilateral leg palsy after sleeping in a forward bending position that was photographed by his colleague. We expected that prolonged blockage of the circulation of the femoral arteries resulted in bilateral thigh compartment syndromes (TCSs), leading to sciatic nerve damage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2019.03.027DOI Listing
June 2019
10 Reads