7,807 results match your criteria Female Urinary Organs

IUCD as bladder stone.

Trop Doct 2022 Jun 29:494755221111721. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

MBBS, MS, Mch, Urology, 550602Bombay Hospital Institute of Medical Sciences, Mumbai, India.

Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices (IUCDs) are commonly used in low to middle-income countries. IUCD migration into the adjacent organs, especially bladder, is exceptionally rare, though important to exclude. A 55-year-old para three post-menopausal female with history of recurrent urinary tract infections presented with lower urinary tract symptoms. Read More

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Analyses of Proteinuria, Renal Infiltration of Leukocytes, and Renal Deposition of Proteins in Lupus-prone MRL/lpr Mice.

J Vis Exp 2022 Jun 8(184). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University;

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder with no known cure and is characterized by persistent inflammation in many organs, including the kidneys. Under such circumstances, the kidney loses its ability to clean waste from the blood and regulate salt and fluid concentrations, eventually leading to renal failure. Women, particularly those of childbearing age, are diagnosed nine times more often than men. Read More

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Carcinoid ovary with synchronous carcinoid tumour of the appendix: report of a rare occurrence with review of literature.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Jun 24;15(6). Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Gynaecologic Oncology, Dr B Borooah Cancer Society Trust, Guwahati, Assam, India.

Carcinoid tumours are present in a wide range of organs but most frequently involve the gastrointestinal tract and rarely reported in gynaecological organs. Literature reports that the prevalence of ovarian carcinoid is 0.3%-1% of ovarian neoplasms and accounts for only 5% of ovarian teratomas. Read More

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Identification of mycobacterial MPT-64 and ESAT-6 proteins in urogenital tuberculosis patients by real-time immuno-PCR.

Future Microbiol 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Centre for Biotechnology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, 124001, India.

Diagnosis of urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) is difficult and there is an immediate need to develop a reliable diagnostic test. A real-time immuno-PCR (RT-I-PCR) was developed to identify a cocktail of MPT-64 + ESAT-6 in both male/female UGTB patients comprising five confirmed cases, 40 clinically suspected cases and 37 non-TB controls, from whom mid-stream urine specimens were collected, while endometrial biopsies of female patients were obtained on day 1 of their menstrual cycle. Results obtained by RT-I-PCR were compared with I-PCR/ELISA and GeneXpert. Read More

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Effect of electroacupuncture on symptoms of female pelvic organ prolapse (stage II-III) (EAPOP study): protocol of a randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 6;12(6):e051249. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Acupuncture, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences Guanganmen Hospital, Beijing, China

Introduction: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is downward descent of pelvic organs, which causes symptoms of the lower genital, urinary and gastrointestinal tracts, and undermines women's daily activities and quality of life. Although studies indicated that electroacupuncture (EA) may be effective in improving the POP symptoms, evidences were not robust. Therefore, this study aims to conduct a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of electroacupuncture on relieving symptoms of a POP stage II and III among women. Read More

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Cancer in the Faroe Islands from 1960-2019 - incidence, mortality, and comparisons with the other Nordic countries.

Acta Oncol 2022 Jun 3:1-9. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Center of Health Science, University of the Faroe Islands, Tórshavn, Faroe Islands.

In this paper, we present age-standardized cancer incidence and mortality rates in the Faroe Islands. We also compare with the Nordic rates and show incidence rate ratios (IRR) and mortality rate ratios (MRR). The Faroese cancer registry (FCR) was established in 1994, with incidence available from 1960 and mortality from 1983. Read More

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Effects of caloric and time restriction diets on kidney health in rat model of postmenopausal acute kidney injury: An apoptosis and histopathological study.

Iran J Basic Med Sci 2022 Mar;25(3):390-398

Physiology Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Objectives: Lifestyle and eating habits affect the health and function of the body's organs, including the kidneys. The current study was carried out to determine the effects of two types of diet programs, including time restriction (TR) and calorie restriction (CR) on the histopathological changes and apoptotic molecules during acute kidney injury (AKI) in postmenopausal rats.

Materials And Methods: In this study the female rats were divided into two groups of ovariectomized (OVX) and ovary-intact (sham), then they were placed on TR and CR diets for 8 weeks; afterward, AKI was induced by injection of glycerol. Read More

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High-level mosaicism for 45,X in 45,X/46,X,idic(Y)(q11.2) at amniocentesis in a pregnancy with a favorable outcome and postnatal progressive decrease of the 45,X cell line.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2022 May;61(3):528-531

Department of Medical Research, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: We present prenatal diagnosis of high-level mosaicism for 45,X in 45,X/46,X,idic(Y)(q11.2) at amniocentesis in a pregnancy with a favorable outcome and postnatal progressive decrease of the 45,X cell line.

Case Report: A 36-year-old, gravida 4, para 3, woman underwent amniocentesis at 17 weeks of gestation because of advanced maternal age. Read More

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Mitochondrial versus microsomal bioactivation of paracetamol by human liver and kidney tissues.

Toxicol Lett 2022 Jun 17;363:36-44. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Pharmaceutical Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ege University, İzmir, Turkey. Electronic address:

Mitochondria appeared to be a major target for paracetamol (PAR)-induced hepatotoxicity. Studies suggested that microsomal CYPs catalyse bioactivation of PAR to N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine (NAPQI), which alkylates mitochondrial proteins, and causes transmission of death signal from mitochondria to nucleus. We hypothesised that local formation of NAPQI within mitochondria seems more likely compared to the translocation of NAPQI. Read More

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Central diabetes insipidus secondary to COVID-19 infection: a case report.

BMC Endocr Disord 2022 May 19;22(1):134. Epub 2022 May 19.

Endocrinology Department, AJA University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) mainly affects the lungs, but can involve several other organs. The diagnosis of acute and chronic sequelae is one of the challenges of COVID-19. The current literature proposes that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may involve the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Read More

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Spanish cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Australian Pelvic Floor Questionnaire in running women.

Sci Rep 2022 May 18;12(1):8325. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Málaga, 29071, Málaga, Spain.

Pelvic floor dysfunctions are a wide range of disorders in the gynaecological, lower urinary and gastrointestinal tracts that affect the structure and/or function of the pelvic organs. The objective of this study was to carry out a cross-cultural adaptation and a psychometric analysis of the Spanish version of the Australian Pelvic Floor Questionnaire. Observational study divided into two main phases: (1) translation and cross-cultural adaptation and (2) psychometric tests. Read More

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Platelet Rich Plasma in Gynecology-Discovering Undiscovered-Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 04 26;19(9). Epub 2022 Apr 26.

2nd Department of Gynecology, Medical University of Lublin, Jaczewskiego 8, 20-954 Lublin, Poland.

Regenerative medicine combines elements of tissue engineering and molecular biology aiming to support the regeneration and repair processes of damaged tissues, cells and organs. The most commonly used preparation in regenerative medicine is platelet rich plasma (PRP) containing numerous growth factors present in platelet granularities. This therapy is increasingly used in various fields of medicine. Read More

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Phytotoxicological study of selected poisonous plants from Azad Jammu & Kashmir.

PLoS One 2022 11;17(5):e0263605. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Pathobiology, Faulty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Poonch Rawalakot (UPR), Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan.

Poisonous plants cause tremendous economic losses to the livestock industry. These economic losses are deterioration in their health, decreased productivity, deformed offspring, and reduced longevity. The current study is the first comprehensive report on poisonous plants of Azad Jammu and Kashmir which systematically documents the phytotoxicological effect and mode of action in livestock. Read More

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Examining vaginal and vulvar health and sexual dysfunction in patients with interstitial cystitis (UNICORN-1 study).

Int Urogynecol J 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Menopause and Osteoporosis Unit, San Rossore Clinical Center, Pisa, Italy.

Introduction And Hypothesis: The Vaginal Health Index Score (VHIS) and vulvodynia swab tests are used to assess vaginal health and vulvodynia. However, few studies have used these tests in patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS). IC/BPS is a chronic, debilitating disorder, characterised by urinary frequency, urinary urgency and pelvic pain. Read More

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Living kidney donation in a developing country.

PLoS One 2022 10;17(5):e0268183. Epub 2022 May 10.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Living kidney donation has been advocated as a means to ameliorate the chronic shortage of organs for transplantation. Significant rates of comorbidity and familial risk for kidney disease may limit this approach in the local context; there is currently limited data describing living donation in Africa.

Methods: We assessed reasons for non-donation and outcomes following donation in a cohort of 1208 ethnically diverse potential living donors evaluated over a 32-year period at a single transplant centre in South Africa. Read More

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Multi-contrast computed tomography healthy kidney atlas.

Comput Biol Med 2022 Jul 26;146:105555. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Vanderbilt University, Department of Computer Science, Nashville, USA; Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Nashville, USA.

The construction of three-dimensional multi-modal tissue maps provides an opportunity to spur interdisciplinary innovations across temporal and spatial scales through information integration. While the preponderance of effort is allocated to the cellular level and explore the changes in cell interactions and organizations, contextualizing findings within organs and systems is essential to visualize and interpret higher resolution linkage across scales. There is a substantial normal variation of kidney morphometry and appearance across body size, sex, and imaging protocols in abdominal computed tomography (CT). Read More

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Clinicopathological characteristics of high-altitude polycythemia-related kidney disease in Tibetan inhabitants.

Kidney Int 2022 Jul 2;102(1):196-206. Epub 2022 May 2.

Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China; Renal Pathological Center, Institute of Nephrology, Peking University, Beijing, China; Key Laboratory of Renal Disease, Ministry of Health of China, Beijing, China; Key Laboratory of CKD Prevention and Treatment, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing, China.

High-altitude polycythemia (HAPC) is a clinical syndrome that occurs in native inhabitants or long-term residents living at altitude. The kidney is one of the most affected organs. However, the clinical and kidney histopathological profiles of HAPC-related kidney disease have rarely been reported. Read More

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Physiological tracer distribution and benign lesion incidental uptake of Al18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 on PET/CT imaging.

Nucl Med Commun 2022 Jul 4;43(7):847-854. Epub 2022 May 4.

The PET/CT Center, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Sichuan Cancer Hospital and Institute, Sichuan Cancer Center, School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To systematically investigate the physiological distribution and benign lesion incidental uptake of Al18F-NOTA-FAPI-04 (18F-FAPI) in cancer patients to establish the normal uptake range in relevant organs and lesions.

Methods: Twenty patients who underwent 18F-FAPI PET/CT imaging were retrospectively assessed. Organ and benign lesion tracer uptake was quantified based on standardized uptake values (SUVmax and SUVmean). Read More

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[Efficacy of Uronext in chronic recurrent bacterial-viral cystitis with multiple resistance to antibacterial drugs].

Urologiia 2022 May(2):90-94

Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

Chronic recurrent cystitis (CRC) is one of the most common diseases of the lower urinary tract in the female population. Difficulties in diagnosis and treatment, despite the observance of modern clinical recommendations for CRC, are due to the versatility and polyetiology of the pathogenesis of the disease. The most difficult and discussed section of this problem is the diagnosis and treatment of CRC of papillomavirus (PV) etiology. Read More

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A Systematic Review on Overall Survival and Disease-Free Survival Following Total Pelvic Exenteration.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2022 Apr 1;23(4):1137-1145. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Department of Gynecology Oncology, Vali-e-Asr Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Backgrounds: Total Pelvic Exenteration (TPE) is a radical operation for malignancies in which all of the organs inside the pelvic cavity, including the female reproductive organs, the lower urinary tract, and a part of the rectosigmoid are removed. In this study, we aimed to conduct a systematic review to assess the overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) following TPE.

Methods: This systematic review is composed of a comprehensive review of PubMed and Scopus databases with various related keywords to synthesis the overall survival and disease-free survival following TPE. Read More

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Stasis ulcer and hydronephrosis after severe genital prolapse: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2022 Apr 28;16(1):173. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Ist. Patologia Ostetrica e Ginecologica, Department of General Surgery and Medical Surgical Specialities, University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia 78, 95100, Catania, Italy.

Introduction And Importance: The most common complication of pelvic organ prolapse is stress urinary incontinence, whereas hydronephrosis or stasis ulcers are quite rare and typical of severe stages. The best treatment for this unusual presentation is still controversial. Here we present our approach. Read More

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Investigation of Influencing Factors on the Prevalence of Retinopathy in Diabetic Patients Based on Medical Big Data.

Comput Math Methods Med 2022 12;2022:2890535. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Ophthalmology, Zhuanglang County People's Hospital, Pingliang, 744600 Gansu, China.

As one of the most important organs of human beings, the eyes can receive external visual information and play an important role in perception. Therefore, the method of maintaining eye health is a problem that people pay attention to. Omental disease is one of the most serious microvascular complications in diabetic patients, and it is also the main cause of blindness in patients. Read More

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Bladder paraganglioma - Case report on a rare but important differential.

Ivan Thia

Urol Case Rep 2022 Jul 1;43:102063. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Fiona Stanley Hospital, Royal Perth Hospital, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Australia.

A paraganglioma is a rare extra-adrenal neuroendocrine tumour that can occur at various sites in the body along the paravertebral axis or within organs. These are very rare tumours, accounting for <0.05% of bladder tumours. Read More

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[Incidental and leave me alone findings of abdominal organs-part 2 : Spleen, kidneys and adrenal glands and efferent urinary tracts].

Radiologe 2022 May 20;62(5):439-450. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Institut für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Universitätsklinikum Brandenburg an der Havel - Medizinische Hochschule Brandenburg Theodor Fontane, Hochstraße 29, 14770, Brandenburg an der Havel, Deutschland.

For masses of the spleen, which are mostly benign, accessory spleens, cysts and hemangiomas should be radiologically described; however, if confirmed further follow-up control is unnecessary. In the case of disseminated small masses, chronic inflammation and granulomatous diseases, such as tuberculosis and sarcoidosis should be considered in the differential diagnostics. Solid masses in the kidneys should always be further clarified, with the exception of a fat-rich angiomyolipoma. Read More

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Georgian Med News 2022 Mar(324):38-45

I. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University); LLC «Set Semeinyh Medicinskih Centrov», Moscow; N. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University of the Russian, Moscow, Russia.

Objective - to evaluate the results of surgical correction of anterior apical prolapse of the pelvic organs with a combined technique monolateral CYRENE posterior (using monofilament polypropylene tape CYRENE) in combination with anterior colporrhaphy. A prospective cohort study included 240 patients with urogenital prolapse. The subjects were followed up for three months, and the anatomical outcome according to the POP-Q System classification, intra- and postoperative complications, absence or presence of relapse, quality of life and sex life were assessed. Read More

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Light and heavy ferritin chain expression in the liver and kidneys of Wistar rats: aging, sex differences, and impact of gonadectomy.

Arh Hig Rada Toksikol 2022 Apr 7;73(1):48-61. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia.

Ferritin is the main intracellular storage of iron. Animal studies show that female liver and kidney express more ferritin and accumulate more iron than male. However, no study so far has investigated sex and age differences in light (FtL) and heavy (FtH) ferritin chain expression. Read More

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Bladder metastasis with additional metastases in multiple other organs 4 years after radical nephrectomy for clear cell renal cell carcinoma: a case report and review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2022 Apr 3;16(1):131. Epub 2022 Apr 3.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Teikyo University Hospital, Mizonokuchi, 5-1-1, Futago, Takatsu-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, 213-8507, Japan.

Background: Renal cell carcinoma rarely metastasizes to the bladder, and its biological behavior is not yet fully understood.

Case Presentation: In our case (54-year-old Japanese woman), computed tomography evaluation suggested the presence of a bladder metastasis, associated with additional metastases in the lungs, mediastinal lymph nodes, ribs, and renal bed, 4 years after radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma. The histological findings of the metastatic bladder tumor were consistent with those of clear cell carcinoma. Read More

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Vaginal Inoculation of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli during Estrus Leads to Genital and Renal Colonization.

Infect Immun 2022 04 31;90(4):e0053221. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Comparative Medicine Program, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most prevalent bacterial infections, particularly in women, children, and the elderly. Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is the predominant etiological agent of UTI. Uropathogens are directly instilled in the urinary bladder, bypassing the lower urogenital tract, in the widely used murine model of UTI. Read More

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Histopathological Study of Liver and Kidney Tissues in C57 Mice via Chronic Exposure to Cadmium and Zinc.

Arch Razi Inst 2021 11 30;76(5):1501-1508. Epub 2021 Nov 30.

Ministry of Sciences and Technology, Environment and Water Directorate, Baghdad, Iraq.

Heavy metals have a wide application in the industrial world, affecting the health and longevity of living organisms. The current study assessed the possible effects of Cadmium (Cd) and Zinc (Zn) on the liver and kidney. Therefore, 150 male and female white mice C57BL were treated in three different groups with 0. Read More

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November 2021