21,545 results match your criteria Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery[Journal]


Rectal prolapse and urinary retention: A case report of an "anal cystocele".

Case Rep Womens Health 2019 Jan 4;21:e00100. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

UT Southwestern Medical Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, United States.

Background: Concomitant rectal and vaginal prolapse is diagnosed in 14-55% of patients who present for pelvic floor evaluation.Case: A patient was referred for pelvic floor evaluation in the setting of rectal prolapse and urinary retention. Preoperative magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed the presence of a posterior cystocele prolapsing through the full-thickness rectal prolapse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crwh.2019.e00100DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370581PMC
January 2019

Age-related change and gender differences in pelvic morphology of healthy children.

J Orthop Sci 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yamanashi, 1110 Shimokato, Chuo-shi, Yamanashi 409-3898, Japan.

Background: An increasing number of studies about the hip joint morphology with childhood-specific hip diseases have been reported. But there have been few reports on pelvic morphology of healthy children. The purpose of this study was to assess the pelvic morphology of healthy children in detail and clarify the age-related change and gender difference of it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2019.01.013DOI Listing
February 2019

The Clinical Role of LASER for Vulvar and Vaginal Treatments in Gynecology and Female Urology: An ICS/ISSVD Best Practice Consensus Document.

J Low Genit Tract Dis 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.

In this best practice document, we propose recommendations for the use of LASER for gynecologic and urologic conditions such as vulvovaginal atrophy, urinary incontinence, vulvodynia, and lichen sclerosus based on a thorough literature review. Most of the available studies are limited by their design; for example, they lack a control group, patients are not randomized, follow-up is short term, series are small, LASER is not compared with standard treatments, and most studies are industry sponsored. Because of these limitations, the level of evidence for the use of LASER in the treatment of these conditions remains low and does not allow for definitive recommendations for its use in routine clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/LGT.0000000000000462DOI Listing
February 2019

Primary Vaginal Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma.

Cureus 2018 Dec 11;10(12):e3713. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Internal Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor De San Marcos, Lima, PER.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a type of blood cancer and 25% of NHL patients present with a primary extranodal tumor. Primary NHL of the vagina is extremely rare with only a few cases reported. We present the case of a 79-year-old, grand multipara, Peruvian woman with an eleven-month history of symptoms of pelvic and vaginal pain and vaginal bleeding. Read More

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https://www.cureus.com/articles/15272-primary-vaginal-non-ho
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3713DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373882PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of the effect of an antenatal pelvic floor muscle exercise programme on female sexual function during pregnancy and the first 3 months following birth: study protocol for a pragmatic randomised controlled trial.

Trials 2019 Feb 20;20(1):144. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Western Sydney University, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia.

Background: Sexual dysfunction can have a negative impact on women's quality of life and relationships. There is limited information about female sexual function and treatment, particularly during pregnancy and the postpartum period. The effect of pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) on sexual function (SF) has not been studied adequately. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3226-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of basic versus biofeedback-mediated intensive pelvic floor muscle training for female stress or mixed urinary incontinence: protocol for the OPAL randomised trial.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e024153. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Consumer Representative, Ayrshire, UK.

Introduction: Accidental urine leakage is a distressing problem that affects around one in three women. The main types of urinary incontinence (UI) are stress, urgency and mixed, with stress being most common. Current UK guidelines recommend that women with UI are offered at least 3 months of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024153DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Preservation of ovarian function and fertility despite gonadotoxic chemotherapy.

Authors:
Zeev Blumenfeld

Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab 2012 Sep;7(5):567-576

a Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Ob/Gyn, RAMBAM Healthcare Campus, The Rappaport Institute & Faculty of Medicine, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel. ;

The author aims to review the various strategies and avenues for fertility preservation despite gonadotoxic chemotherapy in young women. The recent increase in the survival of young patients has increased the worldwide attempts toward fertility preservation. The currently utilized methods are sperm cryopreservation and banking in male patients, and cryopreservation of embryos, unfertilized oocytes and ovarian tissue, as well as administration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRH-a) before and during the gonadotoxic chemotherapy in young female patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1586/eem.12.40DOI Listing
September 2012

International Continence Society consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of nocturia.

Neurourol Urodyn 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Urology Department, University of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Introduction: Patients with nocturia have to face many hurdles before being diagnosed and treated properly. The aim of this paper is to: summarize the nocturia patient pathway, explore how nocturia is diagnosed and treated in the real world and use the Delphi method to develop a practical algorithm with a focus on what steps need to be taken before prescribing desmopressin.

Methods: Evidence comes from existing guidelines (Google, PubMed), International Consultation on Incontinence-Research Society (ICI-RS) 2017, prescribing information and a Delphi panel (3 rounds). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nau.23939DOI Listing
February 2019

Mechanical impact of parturition-related strains on rat pelvic striated sphincters.

Neurourol Urodyn 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, University of California, San Diego, California.

Aims: To define the operational resting sarcomere length (L ) of the female rat external urethral sphincter (EUS) and external anal sphincter (EAS) and to determine the mechanism of parturition-related injury of EUS and EAS using a simulated birth injury (SBI) vaginal distention model.

Methods: EUS and EAS of 3-month-old Sprague-Dawley control and injured rats were fixed in situ, harvested, and microdissected for L measurements and assessment of ultrastructure. EUS and EAS function was determined at baseline, and immediately and 4 weeks after SBI, using leak point pressure (LPP) and anorectal manometry (ARM), respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nau.23946DOI Listing
February 2019

Multi-compartment mesenchymal tissue segmentation in pelvic MRI examinations of women: Anthropomorphic and clinical correlations.

Eur J Radiol 2019 Mar 3;112:37-43. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Radiology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Aim: To investigate the reliability of multicompartmental volumetric mesenchymal segmentations on MRI and their correlations with anthropomorphic and clinical parameters.

Materials And Methods: A consecutive series of middle-age (35-50 year old) female volunteers with variable body mass index (BMI) and MRI scans performed as a part of the Dallas Heart Study were included. A semi-automatic segmentation tool was used to partition different mesenchymal tissues- fat, muscle, and bone on MRI of pelvis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2019.01.001DOI Listing

A unique insight into the MiRNA profile during genital chlamydial infection.

BMC Genomics 2019 Feb 18;20(1):143. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Microbiology, Biochemistry & Immunology, Morehouse School of Medicine, 720 Westview Drive, S.W, Atlanta, GA, 30310, USA.

Background: Genital C. trachomatis infection may cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) that can lead to tubal factor infertility (TFI). Understanding the pathogenesis of chlamydial complications including the pathophysiological processes within the female host genital tract is important in preventing adverse pathology. Read More

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https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1286
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-019-5495-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The effect of inflammatory diseases associated with opportunistic urogenital infection on the hormonal function of the female reproductive system.

Int J Reprod Biomed (Yazd) 2018 Nov;16(11):697-702

Dermatovenerology Department, Kazan State Medical University, Kazan, Russia.

Background: Sexually transmitted infections play a great role in formation of inflammatory diseases of female urogenital system. These diseases can cause a decrease in the level of female sex hormones, as well as the ratio of estrogens and androgens.

Objective: To determine changes in the state of sex hormones in women with inflammatory diseases of ovaries associated with opportunistic urogenital flora. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350851PMC
November 2018

Ovarian cancer unmasked by technetium-99m bone scintigraphy and single-photon emission computed tomography-computed tomography.

World J Nucl Med 2019 Jan-Mar;18(1):58-60

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Antwerp University Hospital, 2650 Edegem, Belgium.

We report a case of a 30-year-old female patient with a painless palpable nodule in the chest wall, evaluated for osseous involvement by technetium-99m (Tc-99m) bone scintigraphy. A whole-body scan revealed numerous sites of increased tracer accumulation throughout the thorax, abdomen, and pelvis. Subsequent single-photon emission computed tomography-computed tomography (SPECT-CT) of the abdomen and pelvis showed no abnormal uptake in the bone; however, significant nonosseous tracer accumulation in calcified soft tissue metastases was noted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/wjnm.WJNM_66_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357703PMC
February 2019

Female Veterans' Experiences With VHA Treatment for Military Sexual Trauma.

Fed Pract 2019 Jan;36(1):41-47

is a Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgeon at New Mexico VA Health Care System and University of New Mexico. is a Medical Student, is a Resident Physician in psychiatry, and is a Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgeon, all at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque.

Provider validation and support for females' experiences as well as a range of therapies are essential treatments for female veterans with military sexual trauma. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366579PMC
January 2019

Gait and electromyographic alterations due to early onset of injury and eventual rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament in dogs: A pilot study.

Vet Surg 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Ranch Veterinarian, Lonetree Ranch, Lonetree, Wyoming.

Objective: Identify relevant electromyography (EMG), kinematic, and kinetic changes resulting from monopolar radiofrequency energy (MRFE)-induced cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) injury and eventual rupture in dogs.

Study Design: Experimental, repeated measures.

Animals: Five purpose-bred female dogs free of orthopedic and neurologic disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vsu.13178DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Pelvic floor myofascial pain in patients with symptoms of urinary tract infection.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology and Urology, Loyola University, Chicago Stritch School of Medicine and Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA.

Objective: To correlate lower urinary tract symptoms typically associated with a urinary tract infection (UTI) with physical examination findings of pelvic floor myofascial pain (PFMP).

Methods: This retrospective review included all new patients presenting to a urogynecology clinic between August 2 and December 19, 2016. Patients completed validated questionnaires, had a catheterized urine specimen, and underwent pelvic examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.12784DOI Listing
February 2019

Role of MRI in staging and follow-up of endometrial and cervical cancer: pitfalls and mimickers.

Insights Imaging 2019 Feb 13;10(1):19. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Clinical Radiology, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, UK.

MRI plays important roles in endometrial and cervical cancer assessment, from detection to recurrent disease evaluation. Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common malignant tumor of the female genital tract in Western countries. EC patients are divided into risk categories based on histopathological tumor type, grade, and myometrial invasion depth. Read More

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https://insightsimaging.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0696-8DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Variations in the Position of Vermiform Appendix in Bangladeshi People.

Mymensingh Med J 2019 Jan;28(1):54-59

Dr Sharmin Akter Sumi, M Phil Student Thesis Part Complete, Department of Anatomy, Mymensingh Medical College (MMC), Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

This cross sectional descriptive study was performed on 70 postmortem vermiform appendices (male 34 and female 36) to find out the various positions of vermiform appendix of Bangladeshi people. The specimens were collected from autopsy laboratory of the Department of Forensic Medicine, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh by purposive sampling technique from October 2016 to March 2017. The collected samples were divided into four age groups. Read More

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January 2019

The clinical role of LASER for vulvar and vaginal treatments in gynecology and female urology: An ICS/ISSVD best practice consensus document.

Neurourol Urodyn 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.

Background: The clinical role of LASER for vulvar and vaginal treatments in gynecology and female urology is controversial.

Aims: In this best practice document, we propose recommendations for the use of LASER for gynecologic and urologic conditions such as vulvovaginal atrophy, urinary incontinence, vulvodynia, and lichen sclerosus based on a thorough literature review.

Materials & Methods: This project was developed between January and September 2018. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/nau.23931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nau.23931DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Uterine-preserving surgeries for the repair of pelvic organ prolapse: a systematic review with meta-analysis and clinical practice guidelines.

Int Urogynecol J 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, TX, USA.

Introduction And Hypothesis: We aimed to systematically review the literature on pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery with uterine preservation (hysteropexy). We hypothesized that different hysteropexy surgeries would have similar POP outcomes but varying adverse event (AE) rates.

Methods: MEDLINE, Cochrane, and clinicaltrials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-019-03876-2DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Multimodal imaging assessment and histologic correlation of the female rat pelvic floor muscles' anatomy.

J Anat 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Pelvic floor disorders negatively impact millions of women worldwide. Although there is a strong epidemiological association with childbirth, the mechanisms leading to the dysfunction of the integral constituents of the female pelvic floor, including pelvic floor skeletal muscles, are not well understood. This is in part due to the constraints associated with directly probing these muscles, which are located deep in the pelvis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joa.12943DOI Listing
February 2019
2.097 Impact Factor

Bilateral adrenal myelolipomas presenting as acute adrenal insufficiency in an adult with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Feb 9;12(2). Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Department of Internal Medicine, division of Endocrinology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Centre School of Medicine, Lubbock, Texas, USA.

Adrenal myelolipomas are relatively rare tumours composed of adipocytes and myeloid cells that arise in response to chronic adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation. We present the case of bilateral adrenal myelolipomas in a 39-year-old man with untreated congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) presenting with acute adrenal insufficiency and severe virilisation. Phenotypically, he is a man of short stature and has hyperpigmentation of the skin, gingiva and nail beds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226826DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Spino-pelvic- lower extremity balance during walking in elderly patients with spinal kyphosis.

J Orthop Sci 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine. 1-1 Seiryomachi Aobaku, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8574, Japan.

Back Ground: Patients with spinal kyphosis were radiographically evaluated while standing. However, the spino-pelvic alignment during walking is different. This study examined the spino-pelvic-lower extremity alignment during walking by a three-dimensional (3D) motion analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2019.01.005DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Relationship of blood flow in the common iliac vein to lower urinary tract disease.

J Med Ultrason (2001) 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Biochemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan.

Purpose: The relationship between blood flow and lower urinary tract disease was explored by measuring blood flow in the common iliac vein to examine the influence of pelvic congestion on lower urinary tract symptoms.

Methods: Color Doppler ultrasonography of the right common iliac vein was performed in 113 men and 60 women, who were outpatients of two Japanese hospitals. Average blood flow velocity and cross-sectional area of the vein were measured, and blood flow volume was calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10396-019-00927-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Skeletal responses to an all-female unassisted Antarctic traverse.

Bone 2019 Feb 5;121:267-276. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Army Personnel Research Capability, Army Headquarters, Andover, UK. Electronic address:

Purpose: To investigate the skeletal effects of the first all-female trans-Antarctic traverse.

Methods: Six women (mean ± SD, age 32 ± 3 years, height 1.72 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy for neovaginal prolapse in a patient after male-to-female sex reassignment surgery.

Int Braz J Urol 2019 Jan 25;45. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Institute of Immunology and experimental therapy, Polish Academy of Science, Wrocław, Poland.

Introduction: Male / female sex reassignment surgery is performed on transsexuals, and includes removal of the male external genitalia, and creation of the neovagina from the skin of the penis, usually allowing sexual intercourse (1, 2). The incidence of the prolapse of the neovagina is not known; however, such complication is observed relatively rarely (3, 4). the long-term outcomes of prolapse treatment in transsexual patients are not available in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2018.0086DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Measurement Repeatability of F-FDG-PET/CT versus F-FDG-PET/MRI in Solid Tumors of the Pelvis.

J Nucl Med 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Washington University School of Medicine, United States.

Knowledge of the within-subject variability of F-FDG-PET/MRI measurements is necessary for proper interpretation of quantitative PET or MRI metrics in the context of therapeutic efficacy assessments with integrated PET/MRI scanners. The goal of this study was to determine the test-retest repeatability of these metrics on PET/MRI, with comparison to similar metrics acquired by PET/CT. This prospective study enrolled patients with pathology-proven pelvic malignancies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.118.218735DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Surgical management of tailgut cysts: A rare case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14448

Department of General Surgery, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China.

Rationale: Tailgut cysts are a type of very rare congenital polycystic lesions that are always located posterior to the rectum and anterior to the sacrum. The symptoms of tailgut cysts are nonspecific and misleading. Therefore, a full understanding of the characteristics of tailgut cysts is important for their diagnosis and treatment. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201902080-0009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014448DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Recent Advances in Fertility Preservation and Counseling for Reproductive Aged Women with Colorectal Cancer: A Systematic Review.

Dis Colon Rectum 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.

Background: The incidence of colorectal cancer among reproductive-aged women is increasing. Concerns regarding future fertility are secondary only to concerns regarding survival and may significantly impact quality of life among reproductive-aged female cancer survivors. Fertility preservation counseling reduces long-term regret and dissatisfaction among cancer survivors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DCR.0000000000001351DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction in the Female Athlete.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2019 Feb;18(2):49-52

Department of Pediatrics and Sports Medicine Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL.

Pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is a term used to describe a variety of disorders involving moderate to severe impairment of the pelvic floor muscles. It can be divided into two broad categories. Relaxing PFD is more common, presenting with urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, or pelvic organ prolapse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000563DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Joint Hypermobility Among Female Patients Presenting with Chronic Myofascial Pelvic Pain.

PM R 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Denver Health Medical Center, Denver, CO.

Background: Female chronic pelvic pain is estimated to affect up to 24% of adult women, many of whom have a component of myofascial pelvic pain. Although an association of joint hypermobility and pelvic pain has been hypothesized, limited data are available that estimate the prevalence of joint hypermobility in this population.

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of generalized hypermobility spectrum disorder (G-HSD) among female patients with chronic myofascial pelvic pain and examine the association between G-HSD and other frequent pelvic pain-associated complaints. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmrj.12131DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Microneedling on the external female genitalia's flaccidity in patients with Ehlers-Danlos: Case report.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health, Salvador, Brazil.

Introduction: The Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) can presentis a reduction in fibroblast proliferation and collagen production. Microneedling a minimally invasive technique that through mechanical stimulus there is incentive to the production of collagen and elastin.

Objective: Present a case study in a patient with EDS complaining of flaccidity on large genital labia, using microneedling as a therapeutic proposal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.12867DOI Listing
February 2019

Variation in bony landmarks and predictors of success with sacral neuromodulation.

Int Urogynecol J 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7570, USA.

Introduction And Hypothesis: We assessed variations in sacral anatomy and lead placement as predictors of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) success. Based solely on bony landmarks, we also assessed the accuracy of the 9 and 2 protocol for locating S3.

Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study performed from October 2008 to December 2016 at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-019-03883-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Comparative Fracture Risks among US Medicaid Enrollees with and without Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Arthritis Rheumatol 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Objective: Poor bone health is common in SLE patients. We evaluated fracture risks among low-income SLE and lupus nephritis patients compared to those without SLE.

Methods: We performed a cohort study within Medicaid 2007-2010, among SLE patients and age- and sex-matched non-SLE comparators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/art.40818DOI Listing
February 2019
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ANATOMIC CARTOGRAPHY OF THE HYPOGASTRIC NERVES AND SURGICAL INSIGHTS FOR AUTONOMIC PRESERVATION DURING RADICAL PELVIC PROCEDURES.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Functional Pelvic Surgery & Neuropelveology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.; Department of Gynecology, Pelvic Neurodysfunction Unit, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Study Objective: To clarify the relationship of hypogastric nerves (HNs) with several pelvic anatomical landmarks and to assess any anatomical differences between the two sides of the pelvis, both in cadaveric and in vivo dissections.

Design: Prospective observational study (Canadian Task Force II-1).

Setting: Anatomical theatre for cadaveric dissections; University Hospital for in vivo laparoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2019.01.010DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Treatment Outcomes of Pediatric Patients With Ewing Sarcoma in a War-Torn Nation: A Single-Institute Experience From Iraq.

J Glob Oncol 2019 Jan(5):1-9

6 University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Purpose: Ewing sarcoma (ES) is a relatively rare, highly malignant tumor of the musculoskeletal system. It is the second most common malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents in the age group of 5 to 20 years. The aim of this study was to identify the treatment outcomes of pediatric patients with ES in Sulaimani governorate, Iraq. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JGO.18.00122DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Survey of Postoperative Activity Guidelines After Minimally Invasive Gynecologic and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Objective(s): Most surgeons recommend restriction of activities after minimally invasive gynecologic and pelvic reconstructive surgery. The goal of this study was to identify and assess the postoperative guidelines gynecologists and urogynecologists provide their patients.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of physicians at a national gynecology conference in March 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000000697DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Smooth Muscle Tumors of the Visceral Adnexal and Uterine Ligaments and Adnexal Connective Tissue: A Clinicopathologic Study of 67 Cases.

Int J Gynecol Pathol 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota (V.P., J.K.S.) Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland (D.X.) Department of Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida (M.F.).

The endopelvic fascia is a biomechanical network of supportive tissue that suspends and secures the female reproductive organs to the pelvic sidewall. Several visceral adnexal and uterine ligaments are part of this framework, and we have observed that smooth muscle tumors (SMTs) arising from these structures morphologically resemble gynecologic smooth muscle neoplasms. To determine whether gynecologic smooth muscle tumor criteria for malignancy are valid in these tumors, we evaluated the morphologic features of 67 tumors from 67 patients and correlated our findings with patient outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PGP.0000000000000578DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Efficacy of Repeat Midurethral Sling for Persistent or Recurrent Stress Urinary Incontinence: A Fellows Pelvic Research Network Study.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2018 Jul 11. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Division of Urogynecology, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX.

Objective: The objective of this study is to compare quality of life and success rates of repeat midurethral slings (RMUS) using retropubic (RP) and transobturator (TO) routes.

Materials And Methods: Multicenter retrospective cohort with prospective follow-up of patients undergoing RMUS from 2003 to 2016. Prospective Urinary Distress Inventory (UDI-6) and Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) were collected by phone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000000598DOI Listing

Uterine function, pregnancy complications, and pregnancy outcomes among female childhood cancer survivors.

Fertil Steril 2019 Feb;111(2):372-380

Department of Pediatric Oncology, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate whether abdominal-pelvic radiotherapy for childhood cancer impairs uterine function and increases the risk of pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Design: Nested cohort study.

Setting: Not applicable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2018.10.016DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Does Mesh Weight Affect Time to Failure After Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy?

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2018 Oct 12. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Division of Urogynecology and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Magee-Womens Hospital, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare time to anatomic failure after robotic sacrocolpopexy with use of ultralightweight versus heavier weight mesh types.

Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of women who underwent robotic sacrocolpopexy, from January 2012 to September 2016. We compared (1) sacrocolpopexy with ultralightweight mesh (≤20 g/m) versus (2) sacrocolpopexy with heavier weight mesh (≤35 g/m). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000000632DOI Listing
October 2018

Overactive Bladder Symptoms After Pelvic Organ Prolapse Repair.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Division of Urogynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Houston Methodist Hospital.

Objectives: This study aimed to identify the characteristics associated with overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms perioperatively in patients undergoing pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery with and without slings and to determine the rate of OAB symptom resolution postoperatively.

Methods: This retrospective, single-institution study involved women undergoing prolapse surgery with and without concomitant midurethral sling from 2011 to 2016. A validated questionnaire was used to determine OAB symptoms preoperatively and postoperatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SPV.0000000000000700DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

International continence society white paper regarding female genital mutilation/cutting.

Neurourol Urodyn 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Urology, Universite de Ouagadougou, Centre Region, Burkina Faso.

Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C)-also known as Female Genital Cutting or Mutilation-is defined as the partial or total removal of the female external genitalia for non-therapeutic reasons. This White Paper, prepared under the auspices of the International Continence Society (ICS), is intended by the ICS as a statement promoting the abandonment of this practice. The ICS also supports the respectful and evidence-based care or treatment of women and girls already affected by FGM/C, in keeping with the World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines on the Management of Health Complications from Female Genital Mutilation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/nau.23923DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

The relationship between lumbopelvic flexibility and sitting posture in adult women.

J Biomech 2019 Feb 9;84:204-210. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Canada. Electronic address:

Clinical observations have suggested that limited hamstring flexibility may be associated with sagittal spinal curvatures in spine flexed postures. Thus, limited hamstring flexibility may be related to large amounts of spine flexion in "slumped" sitting postures which could contribute to low back pain and injury. The aim of this study was to determine if hamstring and pelvic flexibility are associated with flexed sitting postures using a backless office chair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.12.048DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Giant Brunner's gland hamartoma causing retrograde jejuno-duodenal intussusception: A case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2019 Feb 4;38:37-41. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of General Surgery, Surgical Oncology Section, King Fahad Specialist Hospital-Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Brunner's gland hamartoma is a rare benign duodenal tumor. It occurs in Brunner's glands, which are found in the duodenum and produce secretions that protect the duodenum from pancreatic enzymes, gastric acid, and other agents. Endoscopic or surgical resection is required for these hamartomas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amsu.2018.12.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327855PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Practice patterns in the diagnosis and treatment of fecal incontinence with sacral neuromodulation: Can urologists impact this gap in care?

Turk J Urol 2019 Jan 1;45(1):37-41. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Section of Urology and Renal Transplantation, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA.

Objective: The prevalence of fecal incontinence (FI) is 8% in the United States. Many patients will not seek treatment and the condition is underdiagnosed. Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is effective in treating FI, and so urologists can play a key role in its treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/tud.2018.94041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6342571PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Mathematical evaluation of melatonin secretion in hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.

Neuro Endocrinol Lett 2018 Dec 22;39(5):391-400. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Medical Physics, Maria Skłodowska- Curie Memorial Cancer Center and Institute of Oncology Gliwice Branch, Poland.

Objectives: The aims of the study were to assess the kinematics of the lower limbs and pelvis during normal walking in professional ballet dancers and to investigate relationships between movements of segments of the lower limbs and pelvis.

Methods: Thirty one professional ballet dancers and twenty eight controls completed five walking trials at their preferred speed. Kinematic data in the basic anatomical planes for ankle, knee, and hip joints as well as for the pelvis were collected with an optoelectronic motion system. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Comparison of gait kinematics between professional ballet dancers and non-dancers.

Neuro Endocrinol Lett 2018 Dec 22;39(5):385-390. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Ostrava, Ostrava,, Czech Republic.

Objectives: The aims of the study were to assess the kinematics of the lower limbs and pelvis during normal walking in professional ballet dancers and to investigate relationships between movements of segments of the lower limbs and pelvis.

Methods: Thirty one professional ballet dancers and twenty eight controls completed five walking trials at their preferred speed. Kinematic data in the basic anatomical planes for ankle, knee, and hip joints as well as for the pelvis were collected with an optoelectronic motion system. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Malignant paraganglioma presenting as a mandibular metastasis.

Head Neck 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Background: Metastatic paragangliomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors. Bony metastases most commonly occur in the ribs, vertebrae, and pelvis. Few cases of mandibular metastases have been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.25575DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

LONG-TERM OUTCOMES AND PROGNOSTIC FACTORS IN PATIENTS WITH DIFFERENTIATED THYROID CARCINOMA AND BONE METASTASES.

Endocr Pract 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

From: 1Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv.

Objective: This institutional study sought to retrospectively evaluate disease progression and survival of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and bone metastases (BM) and to investigate variables predictive of better long-term outcomes.

Methods: The Rabin Medical Center Thyroid Cancer Registry was searched for patients with bone-metastatic DTC. Variables including patients' gender and age, pathology of the thyroid tumor and characteristics of BM were retrieved and analyzed in association with disease progression and mortality. Read More

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http://journals.aace.com/doi/10.4158/EP-2018-0465
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4158/EP-2018-0465DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads