J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2021 Jan;29(1):e14-e21
From the Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, University of Kansas Health Systems (L. Vopat), the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Kansas Medical Center (Mackay), the Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, University of Kansas Health Systems (B.G. Vopat), Kansas City, KS, and Women's Sports Medicine Program, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA (Mulcahey).
Relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) is a constellation of clinical findings related to low energy availability. Manifestations are variable but may include endocrine and reproductive dysfunction, impaired bone and muscle health, psychological complaints, and performance issues, among many others. Unlike the previously common terminology, the female athlete triad, RED-S encompasses a broader range of signs and symptoms and includes descriptions for the male athlete. Read More