113 results match your criteria Felon


[Indications for and Limits of conservative Treatment in Hand Infections].

Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2021 Jun 16;53(3):231-236. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Malteser Krankenhaus Seliger Gerhard Bonn/Rhein-Sieg, Klinik für Hand- und Plastische Chirurgie.

The treatment of infections of the hand is an important part in hand surgery. Despite oft new antibiotic therapy there is a major part of surgical intervention. But there are certain cases in which a conservative treatment is indicated if a closed control is provided. Read More

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Race and the Geography of Opportunity in the Post-Prison Labor Market.

Soc Probl 2021 May 3;68(2):438-489. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Public Policy Institute of California.

Research on racial disparities in post-prison employment has primarily focused on the differential effects of stigma on blacks and whites, but we otherwise know little about racial differences. This paper examines racial differences in post-prison employment by industry and geography. We find that the formerly incarcerated are most likely to find work in a small number of "felon-friendly" industries with formerly incarcerated whites having higher employment rates than blacks. Read More

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Hand infections.

Br J Hosp Med (Lond) 2020 Nov 2;81(11):1-14. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Royal London Hospital, London, UK.

The hand is an extremely versatile organ adapted for fine tasks with various clinicoanatomical compartments. This article reviews the types of common hand infections that present to the emergency department and/or hand surgeon, with relevant investigations and strategies for diagnosis and treatment, with the emphasis on distinguishing between superficial and more serious infections. Read More

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November 2020

Fingertip Infections.

Hand Clin 2020 08;36(3):313-321

Division of Hand Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, MGH Orthopaedic Hand Surgery, Yawkey Center for Outpatient Care, 55 Fruit Street, Suite 2C, Boston, MA 02114-2696, USA. Electronic address:

The fingertip is the most common site of infections in the hand, which frequently are encountered by surgeons, dermatologists, and emergency and primary providers. Their mismanagement may have serious consequences. This review discusses the unique anatomy of the volar fingertip pulp and perionychium and reviews pathophysiology and treatment of acute and chronic paronychia, including the decision for surgical versus medical management, choice of antibiotics, incisional techniques, and postincisional care. Read More

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Building Biased Jurors: Exposing the Circularity of the Inherent Bias Rationale for Felon-Juror Exclusion.

Psychiatr Psychol Law 2020 19;27(1):110-125. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Department of Sociology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA.

Justifying the statutory exclusion of convicted felons from jury service, lawmakers and courts allege that convicted felons harbor an inherent bias, making them sympathetic to the plight of criminal defendants and skeptical of the prosecution. Prior research suggests that a felony conviction is a significant predictor of such pre-trial biases. The purpose of this research is to further explore that finding, examining the potential impact of lifetime incarceration and multiple felony convictions on pre-trial biases. Read More

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December 2019

felon complicated with osteomyelitis: not an ordinary nail salon visit.

Acta Clin Belg 2020 Dec 28;75(6):429-433. Epub 2019 Jun 28.

Department of Radiology, Clinica Ortega , Huancayo, Peru.

is an environmental organism that has been implicated in pulmonary and extrapulmonary infections. Cases of furunculosis have been described in patients who underwent footbaths in nail salons; however, no cases of severe soft tissue infections or osteomyelitis have been reported following manicures. Here, we present the case of a 50-year-old woman who developed a felon in right index finger one week after having a manicure. Read More

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December 2020

Infections of the hand: an overview.

EFORT Open Rev 2019 May 10;4(5):183-193. Epub 2019 May 10.

First Department of Orthopaedics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, School of Medicine, Athens, Greece.

Infections of the hand are common entities that are frequently encountered by orthopaedic surgeons and primary care physicians.A high clinical suspicion and a thorough medical history with information about the social and working history of the patients, correct identification of the type and cause of the infection, and prompt initiation of appropriate treatment by the infectious diseases physicians and orthopaedic surgeons are required.Late diagnosis and inappropriate treatment may be a significant cause of morbidity for the hand and mortality for the patients. Read More

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Techniques for Continuous Irrigation of Septic Joints of the Hand.

Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg 2019 Sep;23(3):133-137

Department of Hand and Reconstructive Microsurgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

Septic arthritis of the small joints of the hand usually occurs secondary to bacterial inoculation through penetrating injury to the joint, or direct spread of infection from paronychia, felon, or pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis. Surgical treatment involves drainage and irrigation and may involve debridement if there is an open wound. We describe a method of continuous irrigation of septic joints of the hand postoperatively in the ward setting using an intravenous cannula placed within the joint and connected to an intravenous giving set with delivery of physiological fluid using a pump driver. Read More

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September 2019

Acute Hand Infections.

Am Fam Physician 2019 02;99(4):228-236

U.S. Marine Corps School of Infantry-East, Camp Geiger, NC, USA.

Acute hand infections are often caused by puncture wounds and are generally classified into superficial or deep infections. Superficial infections occur in the skin and subcutaneous tissues, whereas deep infections can involve the tendon sheaths, adjacent anatomic compartments, deep fascial planes, bursae, joint spaces, and bones. Superficial hand infections are more common than deep infections and are typically managed with elevation, warm soaks, splinting in the position of function, analgesics, and empiric antibiotics when indicated. Read More

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February 2019

Trichogranuloma in a Hairdresser with Systemic Sclerosis.

Cureus 2018 May 25;10(5):e2690. Epub 2018 May 25.

Wolfson Diabetes and Endocrine Clinic, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals Nhs Foundation Trust, Cambridge, Uk.

Trichogranuloma is a rare occupational disease of hairdressers that develops when hair clippings penetrate the skin and cause a foreign-body reaction. We describe a case of a hairdresser with limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis who developed a chronic felon on her right third finger and received repeated courses of antibiotics without improvement. An occupational history and awareness of occupational diseases in hairdressers led to the correct diagnosis of trichogranuloma. Read More

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Hand Infections.

J Hand Surg Am 2019 Jan 14;44(1):46-54. Epub 2018 Jul 14.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX. Electronic address:

Infections are common in hand surgery and proper management is important to achieve optimal outcomes. Although most cases are not urgent, less common, severe infections such as flexor tenosynovitis and necrotizing fasciitis require urgent identification with both medical and surgical management. It is common for diagnoses to be missed or delayed because clinical and laboratory indicators are often variably present. Read More

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January 2019

Coagulase-Negative Staphylococcus Skin and Soft Tissue Infections.

Am J Clin Dermatol 2018 Oct;19(5):671-677

Department of Dermatology, University of California San Diego, 10991 Twinleaf Court, La Jolla, San Diego, CA, 92131-3642, USA.

Coagulase-negative staphylococcus organisms may be normal flora of human skin, however these bacteria can also be pathogens in skin and soft tissue infections. A summary of skin and soft tissue infections caused by coagulase-negative staphylococcus species is provided in this review. We conducted a search of the PubMed database using the following terms: abscess, auricularis, biofilm, capitis, cellulitis, coagulase, contaminant, cyst, draining, epidermidis, felon, folliculitis, furuncle, haemolyticus, hominis, indolent, infection, lugdunensis, mecA, microbiome, negative, osteomyelitis, paronychia, saprophyticus, skin, simulans, sinus, soft, staphylococcus, systemic, tissue, virulence, virulent, and vulvar. Read More

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October 2018

PML in a person with multiple sclerosis: Is teriflunomide the felon?

Neurology 2018 01 6;90(2):83-85. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

From University of Cagliari (L.L., G.F., J.F., G.C., M.G.M., E.C.); IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital (S.G.), Milan; and Binaghi Hospital (M.A.B., F.C.), ATS Sardegna, Italy.

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January 2018

Clinical Mimics: An Emergency Medicine-Focused Review of Cellulitis Mimics.

J Emerg Med 2017 Oct;53(4):475-484

Department of Emergency Medicine, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Background: Cellulitis is a common clinical condition with low rates of morbidity and mortality if treated appropriately. Mimics of cellulitis presenting with erythema, edema, warmth, and pain can be associated with grave morbidity and mortality if misdiagnosed.

Objective: This review investigates the signs and symptoms of cellulitis, mimics of cellulitis, and an approach to the management of both cellulitis and its mimics. Read More

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October 2017

Medication-Assisted Treatment for Opioid Addiction in the United States: Critique and Commentary.

Authors:
Karen McElrath

Subst Use Misuse 2018 01 1;53(2):334-343. Epub 2017 Sep 1.

a Department of Criminal Justice , Fayetteville State University , Fayetteville , North Carolina , USA.

In the United States, buprenorphine products (namely buprenorphine/naloxone combination) and methadone are the primary forms of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) that are authorized for addressing opioid addiction. Although treatment ideologies differentiate MAT programs, much of the provision in the US reflects a model of "high threshold, low tolerance." This model is discussed with a focus on structural and programmatic barriers that shape access to and retention in MAT. Read More

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January 2018

Acute finger-tip infection: Management and treatment. A 103-case series.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2017 10 26;103(6):933-936. Epub 2017 May 26.

Centre de la main, chirurgie de la main, 47, rue de la Foucaudière, 49800 Trélaze, France.

Introduction: Acute fingertip infections (AFTI) are common. Surgical treatment is the norm in case of effusion. There is, however, no consensus on treatment modalities, or on adjuvant antibiotic therapy (AT). Read More

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October 2017

Aggressive Digital Papillary Adenocarcinoma of the Hand Presenting as a Felon.

Case Rep Orthop 2017 21;2017:6456342. Epub 2017 Mar 21.

Plastic Surgery Fellowship, Beaumont Hospital-Farmington Hills, Farmington Hills, MI, USA.

Aggressive digital papillary adenocarcinoma is a rare eccrine sweat gland malignancy that is frequently misdiagnosed at initial presentation. Histologically, this tumor is similar in appearance to many adenocarcinomas and as such may be diagnosed as a metastatic lesion. We present the case of a patient with digital papillary adenocarcinoma, which was initially diagnosed as a felon. Read More

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The importance of the patients deemed not guilty by reason of insanity for the psychiatric reform.

Psychiatriki 2016 Jul-Sep;27(3):165-168

Associate Professor in Psychiatry-Forensic Psychiatry, Director 2nd Psychiatry Department Athens University Medical School, "Attikon" Hospital.

According to the Greek Penal Law if someone "because of a morbid disturbance of his mental functioning" (article 34) is acquitted of a crime or misdemeanour that the law punishes with more than 6 months imprisonment, then the court orders that this individual should be kept in a public psychiatric institution if the court reaches the conclusion that this person poses a threat to public safety.1 Individuals who have broken the law and deemed "not guilty by reason of insanity" are treated in psychiatric units of Psychiatric Hospitals according to the article 69 of the Penal Code. In Athens, in the Psychiatric Hospital of Athens and the Dromokaiteion Psychiatric Hospital, and in Thessaloniki in the Unit for "Not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI)". Read More

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[Complicated course of a felon: prevention is better than surgical reconstruction].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2016;160:D192

Canisius-Wilhelmina Ziekenhuis, afd. Plastische Chirurgie, Nijmegen.

Infections of the hand can result in significant limitation of the function of the hand, and may even require partial amputation of a digit. A felon is an abscess of the distal pulp of the fingertip, which can spread rapidly through the flexor tendon sheath when not treated appropriately. Knowledge of the anatomy and the correct method of physical examination are essential when assessing a patient suspected of having a felon or flexor tendon sheath infection. Read More

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February 2018

The biasing effect of the "sexually violent predator" label on legal decisions.

Int J Law Psychiatry 2016 Jul-Aug;47:109-14. Epub 2016 May 18.

Department of Psychology, Claremont McKenna College, United States.

Public fear has driven legislation designed to identify and exclude sexual offenders from society, culminating in sexually violent predator (SVP) statutes, in which a sex offender who has served his prison sentence is hospitalized indefinitely if a jury determines that he is likely to reoffend as a result of a mental disorder. Jurors rarely vote not to commit a previously-convicted sex offender as an SVP. This study tests whether the mere label of "sexually violent predator" affects these legal decisions. Read More

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January 2018

Acute felon and paronychia: Antibiotics not necessary after surgical treatment. Prospective study of 46 patients.

Hand Surg Rehabil 2016 02 16;35(1):40-3. Epub 2016 Feb 16.

Service de chirurgie de la main, du membre supérieur et des nerfs périphériques, hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, université Paris-Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), 20, rue Leblanc, 75908 Paris cedex 15, France.

Paronychia and felon are the most common infections of the hand. Surgical treatment is required once an abscess develops, but systematic use of postoperative antibiotic therapy remains open for discussion. Antibiotics both favor the selection of resistant bacteria and increase the cost of treatment. Read More

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February 2016

Assessing Risk-Based Policies for Pretrial Release and Split Sentencing in Los Angeles County Jails.

PLoS One 2015 29;10(12):e0144967. Epub 2015 Dec 29.

Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States of America.

Court-mandated downsizing of the CA prison system has led to a redistribution of detainees from prisons to CA county jails, and subsequent jail overcrowding. Using data that is representative of the LA County jail system, we build a mathematical model that tracks the flow of individuals during arraignment, pretrial release or detention, case disposition, jail sentence, and possible recidivism during pretrial release, after a failure to appear in court, during non-felony probation and during felony supervision. We assess 64 joint pretrial release and split-sentencing (where low-level felon sentences are split between jail time and mandatory supervision) policies that are based on the type of charge (felony or non-felony) and the risk category as determined by the CA Static Risk Assessment tool, and compare their performance to that of the policy LA County used in early 2014, before split sentencing was in use. Read More

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[Analysis on allergen of clinical allergic rhinitis patients in north-west mountain area of Hubei Province].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2015 Jul;29(13):1203-5

Objective: To investigate the main inhaled allergens and the difference of that between city and rural suburbs in patients with allergic rhinitis in the mountain region of the northwest Hubei province and to provide epidemiological basis for prevention and treatment in the region.

Method: Eight hundred and thirty-five cases who were diagnosed as allergic rhinitis with standardized allergens in Taihe Hospital of Hubei University of Medicine from Sep 2009 and Dec 2011 were studied. The data of allergens and the distribution of the patients were recorded and analyzed. Read More

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Smoking, Methylation at AHRR, and Recidivism Risk in a Community Correction Sample of Individuals at High Risk for Recidivism.

Behav Sci Law 2015 Oct 10;33(5):691-700. Epub 2015 Sep 10.

Behavioral Diagnostics, Inc., Iowa City, IA, U.S.A.

Individuals supervised by community correction programs have a high rate of tobacco use and high frequency of tobacco dependence. As compared with supervisees without tobacco dependence, probationers and parolees with tobacco dependence were more likely to abuse other substances and report poorer health. In this sample of 374 predominantly felon and repeat offenders, at high risk for recidivism, over 95% of subjects smoked or used other tobacco products, 87% were actively smoking at the time of interview, and 70% met criteria for lifetime tobacco dependence. Read More

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October 2015

[Acrometastasis from breast cancer after the use of frozen gloves by adjuvant chemotherapy].

Ugeskr Laeger 2015 Jan;177(2A):26-7

Onkologisk Afdeling R, Odense Universitetshospital, Sdr. Boulevard 29, 5000 Odense.

A woman was referred to adjuvant chemotherapy after radical mastectomy. Frozen gloves were used to prevent onycholysis and neurotoxicity. Because of rapid progression of the cancer she received palliative chemotherapy. Read More

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January 2015

Hand infections: anatomy, types and spread of infection, imaging findings, and treatment options.

Radiographics 2014 Nov-Dec;34(7):1968-86

From the Departments of Radiology (D.B.P., N.B.E., G.R.M., C.J.G., D.M.F., E.A.W.) and Orthopedic Surgery (M.V.S.), Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1500 San Pablo St, 2nd Floor Imaging, Los Angeles, CA 90033-5313.

Infections of the hand are common, particularly in immunocompromised patients, and can lead to significant morbidity, including amputation, if not treated properly. Hand infection can spread far and wide from the original site of inoculation through interconnections between the synovium-lined and nonsynovial potential spaces. Because surgery is the mainstay of treatment, knowledge of the pertinent anatomy is imperative for accurately describing the presence, location, and extent of infection. Read More

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November 2015

Racial Variation in the Effect of Incarceration on Neighborhood Attainment.

Am Sociol Rev 2013 Feb;78(1)

Pennsylvania State University.

Each year, more than 700,000 convicted offenders are released from prison and reenter neighborhoods across the country. Prior studies have found that minority ex-inmates tend to reside in more disadvantaged neighborhoods than do white ex-inmates. However, because these studies do not control for pre-prison neighborhood conditions, we do not know how much (if any) of this racial variation is due to arrest and incarceration, or if these observed findings simply reflect existing racial residential inequality. Read More

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February 2013