135,432 results match your criteria Fecal Incontinence


Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in urban Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) populations: Epidemiology and the impacts of kill-trapping.

Zoonoses Public Health 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative, Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada.

Urban Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) populations can carry the bacteria methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). There are numerous knowledge gaps in the epidemiology of MRSA in these populations that limit understanding of its ecology in urban environments. For example, fecal shedding of MRSA, which may increase environmental contamination, has been reported in other species; however, it is unknown whether Norway rats carry the bacteria rectally. Read More

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December 2018

Clinical benefit of high resolution anorectal manometry for the evaluation of anal function after intersphincteric resection.

Colorectal Dis 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital East, Chiba, Japan, 6-5-1, Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa-City, Chiba, 277-8577, Japan.

Aim: Intersphincteric resection (ISR) is an advanced anus-preserving operation for treating low rectal cancer while avoiding colostomy. High-resolution anorectal manometry (HR-ARM) allows objective and accurate evaluation of anal function. However, correlations between anal function after ISR and HR-ARM parameters are unknown. Read More

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December 2018

Characterization of Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter upsaliensis, and a novel Campylobacter sp. in a captive non-human primate zoological collection.

J Med Primatol 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Division of Comparative Medicine, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Background: The aim of this study was to longitudinally investigate the prevalence and characterization of Campylobacter spp. from non-human primates primate (NHP) with a history of endemic diarrhea housed at Como Park Zoo.

Methods: Fecal samples from 33 symptom-free NHP belonging to eight different species were collected weekly for 9 weeks. Read More

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December 2018
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Contribution of the OC Sensor immunoassay in comparison to the Hemoccult II guaiac-test in organized colorectal cancer screening.

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Service d'Hépato-gastro-entérologie, CHU Angers, 4, rue Larrey, 49933, Angers Cedex 09, France.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of cancer-related death of worldwide with high incidence and mortality rate, accessible to a screening program in France, first with guaiac- based fecal occult blood test (g-FOBT) then with fecal immunochemical tests (FIT), since 2015, because of better accuracy. The aim of our study was to compare the characteristics of screen-detected lesions in two successive CRC screening campaigns, using two different tests (Hemoccult II and OC Sensor) in the department of Maine-et-Loire, and to precise the performance of these tests [participation rate, detection rates (DR), positive predictive value (PPV)]. Participants, invited by CAP SANTE 49, with polyps or cancer at the colonoscopy after a positive screening test between 01/01/2013 and 31/12/2016 were included. Read More

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December 2018

Intestinal Microbiota Is Altered in Patients with Gastric Cancer from Shanxi Province, China.

Dig Dis Sci 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Immunology Department, Shanxi Cancer Hospital, No. 3 Zhigong New Street, Taiyuan, 030013, Shanxi, China.

Background: Many diseases have been associated with intestinal microbial dysbiosis. Host-microbial interactions regulate immune function, which influences the development of gastric cancer.

Aims: The aims were to investigate the characteristics of intestinal microbiota composition in gastric cancer patients and correlations between the intestinal microbiota and cellular immunity. Read More

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December 2018
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Bonobos' saliva remaining on the pith of terrestrial herbaceous vegetation can serve as non-invasive wild genetic resources.

Primates 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Inuyama, Aichi, 484-8506, Japan.

Evaluating the genetic diversity of natural populations of endangered species is important for conservation. Although the genetic analysis of wildlife usually requires collecting DNA non-invasively, the variety of non-invasive DNA sampling methods is limited for each species. We present a method to obtain DNA of an endangered species, the bonobo (Pan paniscus), in which the pith of the terrestrial herbaceous vegetation (THV) that they consumed was newly utilized. Read More

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December 2018

Sacral neuromodulation and sexual function: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature.

Int Urogynecol J 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, TS4 3BW, UK.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Sexual function is being increasingly recognized as an important patient-reported outcome. Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is a treatment with an expanding list of indications. The effect of sacral neuromodulation on sexual function has been examined in a number of studies with variable results. Read More

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December 2018

Significant Morbidity and Mortality Associated with Fecal Impaction in Patients Who Present to the Emergency Department.

Dig Dis Sci 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Fecal impaction (FI) is defined as a large mass of stool in the rectum and/or colon that is unable to be evacuated. No study to date details demographics and outcomes in a sizeable sample of FI patients in the USA.

Aims: The present study aims to develop knowledge of FI by reporting descriptive measures and outcomes of patients presenting to a US emergency department (ED) with FI. Read More

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December 2018

Cross-sectional study of the G and P genotypes of rotavirus A field strains circulating in regularly vaccinated dairy cattle herds.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Laboratory of Animal Virology, Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Rodovia Celso Garcia Cid - Campus Universitário, PO Box 10011, Londrina, Paraná, 86057-970, Brazil.

Neonatal diarrhea is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in calves up to 30 days old, and rotavirus A (RVA) is the main viral etiology. RVA vaccines are one of the main tools for diarrhea control in neonates. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to monitor by RT-PCR the G and P genotypes of RVA strains identified in dairy cattle herds regularly vaccinated with the RVA UK strain (G6P[5]). Read More

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December 2018

IBDoc Canadian User Performance Evaluation.

Inflamm Bowel Dis 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Gastroenterology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Background: Fecal calprotectin (FC) is a stool biomarker that has been shown to be sensitive and specific for mucosal inflammation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The test is limited by the requirement for patients to collect and return stool samples. A home-based FC test may improve test adherence. Read More

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December 2018

Low magnesium diet aggravates phosphate-induced kidney injury.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Nephrology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Background: Magnesium is known to protect against phosphate-induced tubular cell injuries in vitro. We investigated in vivo effects of magnesium on kidney injuries and phosphate metabolism in mice exposed to a high phosphate diet.

Methods: Heminephrectomized mice were maintained on a high phosphate/normal magnesium diet or a high phosphate/low magnesium diet for 6 weeks. Read More

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December 2018

Starch Consumption May Modify Antiglycan Antibodies and Fecal Fungal Composition in Patients With Ileo-Anal Pouch.

Inflamm Bowel Dis 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Gastroenterology, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel.

Background: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are characterized by serologic responses to glycans. Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) after proctocolectomy with ileo-anal anastomosis (pouch surgery) may develop inflammation (pouchitis) that resembles Crohn's disease (CD). We hypothesized that patients' serologic responses were affected by their consumption of dietary sugars. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of dietary protein intake on energy utilization and feed efficiency of lactating sows.

J Anim Sci 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Animal Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, Tjele, Denmark.

The objective of the current study was to quantify loss of energy in feces, urine, heat and milk, to evaluate feed efficiency and to evaluate optimal ratio of dietary CP to energy for lactating sows fed increasing dietary CP. A total of 72 sows were included in the experiment from d 2 after parturition until weaning at d 28. Sows were allocated to six dietary treatments formulated to be isocaloric (9. Read More

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December 2018

The Role of Autologous Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Diversion Colitis: A Case Report.

Inflamm Bowel Dis 2018 Aug 24. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Preston Hospital, Fulwood Preston, United Kingdom.

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[Fecal microbiota transplantation through colonoscopy for Clostridium difficile recurrent infection. Report of eight cases].

Rev Med Chil 2018 Aug;146(8):823-830

Departamento de Medicina Interna, Clínica Las Condes, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Most cases of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) respond to a standard course of antibiotics, however recurrent CDI is becoming common and alternative therapeutic strategies are needed. In this scenario, fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been suggested.

Aim: To describe the efficacy and safety of FMT for the treatment of recurrent CDI. Read More

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Reproductive and Behavior Dysfunction Induced by Maternal Androgen Exposure and Obesity Is Likely Not Gut Microbiome-Mediated.

J Endocr Soc 2018 Dec 15;2(12):1363-1380. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine and metabolic disorder of unclear etiology in women and is characterized by androgen excess, insulin resistance, and mood disorders. The gut microbiome is known to influence conditions closely related with PCOS, and several recent studies have observed changes in the stool microbiome of women with PCOS. The mechanism by which the gut microbiome interacts with PCOS is still unknown. Read More

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December 2018

Characterization of Erythromycin and Tetracycline Resistance in Strains.

Int J Microbiol 2018 11;2018:3912326. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Department of Microbiology, Kazan Federal University, Kremlevskaya Str. 18, Kazan 420008, Russia.

colonizing gastrointestinal and urogenital tracts of humans and animals is widely used in manufacturing of fermented products and as probiotics. These bacteria may function as vehicles of antibiotic resistance genes, which can be transferred to pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, monitoring and control of transmissible antibiotic resistance determinants in these microorganisms is necessary to approve their safety status. Read More

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November 2018

Dissecting the Genomic Architecture of Resistance to Parasitism in the Chicken.

Front Genet 2018 26;9:528. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Coccidiosis in poultry, caused by protozoan parasites of the genus , is an intestinal disease with substantial economic impact. With the use of anticoccidial drugs under public and political pressure, and the comparatively higher cost of live-attenuated vaccines, an attractive complementary strategy for control is to breed chickens with increased resistance to parasitism. Prior infection with leads to complete immunity against challenge with homologous strains, but only partial resistance to challenge with antigenically diverse heterologous strains. Read More

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November 2018

Draft Genome Sequence of Faecalimonas umbilicata JCM 30896, an Acetate-Producing Bacterium Isolated from Human Feces.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Sep 6;7(9). Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Microbe Division/Japan Collection of Microorganisms, RIKEN BioResource Research Center, Tsukuba, Japan.

Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Faecalimonas umbilicata JCM 30896, an acetate-producing bacterium isolated from human feces. The genomic analysis reveals genes for acetate and vitamin B synthesis and will facilitate the study of the role of this strain in the human gut. Read More

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September 2018

Draft Genome Sequences of Escherichia coli Strains FP2 and FP3, Isolated from the Canada Goose (Branta canadensis).

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Sep 6;7(9). Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Biology, Franklin Pierce University, Rindge, New Hampshire, USA.

Draft genomes of two strains of Escherichia coli, FP2 and FP3, isolated from the feces of the Canada goose (Branta canadensis), were sequenced. Genome sizes were 5.26 Mb with a predicted G+C content of 50. Read More

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September 2018

Genome Sequence of a Single-Stranded DNA Virus Identified in Gila Monster Feces.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Aug 23;7(7). Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Biodesign Center for Fundamental and Applied Microbiomics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA.

The Gila monster (Heloderma suspectum) is native to the Sonoran Desert. Metagenomic analyses of a Gila monster fecal sample revealed the presence of a small, circular, single-stranded DNA virus that is most closely related to a gemykrogvirus (family Genomoviridae) genome from caribou feces sharing 88% genome-wide pairwise identity. Read More

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Draft Genome Sequence of Blautia sp. Strain BCRC 81119, Isolated from Human Feces.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Aug 2;7(4). Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Bioresource Collection and Research Center, Food Industry Research and Development Institute, Hsinchu, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Blautia sp. strain BCRC 81119 was isolated from a fecal sample from a 34-year-old male in Taiwan. The genome assembly comprised 4,098,441 bp, with a 43. Read More

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Complete Genomic Sequences of Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza Viruses Obtained Directly from Human Autopsy Specimens.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Dec 6;7(22). Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

The complete genomic sequences of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses were directly obtained from lung, trachea, and colon tissues and an intestinal fecal sample of a patient by using the next-generation sequencing technique. This is the first report on complete H5N1 viral genomes from human autopsy specimens. Read More

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December 2018

Draft Whole-Genome Sequences of Five Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolates from the Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Nov 21;7(20). Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Wildbase, School of Veterinary Science, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

Klebsiella pneumoniae is a Gram-negative bacterium that can be found in the environment, as well as on mucosal surfaces of humans and animals. Here, we report the genome sequence of five K. pneumoniae isolates from substrate samples and bird feces collected in the Subantarctic Islands of New Zealand. Read More

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November 2018

Fecal Metagenome Sequences from Lactating Dairy Cows Shedding Escherichia coli O157:H7.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Nov 8;7(18). Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Environmental Microbial and Food Safety Laboratory, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Services, United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, USA.

Cattle are primary reservoirs of Escherichia coli O157:H7, a causative agent of severe human infections. To facilitate analyses of the communities in which this pathogen is found, we sequenced the fecal metagenomes of 10 dairy cows shedding E. coli O157:H7 and added them to the public domain. Read More

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November 2018

Draft Genome Sequence of Bifidobacterium bifidum Strain ICIS-310, Isolated from the Feces of a Healthy 5-Year-Old Child from Orenburg, Russia.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Nov 8;7(18). Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Institute for Cellular and Intracellular Symbiosis of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Orenburg, Russia.

This report describes the draft genome sequence of Bifidobacterium bifidum strain ICIS-310, isolated from the feces of a healthy 5-year-old child from Orenburg, Russia. The size of the genome was 2,219,632 bp (62.4% G+C content). Read More

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November 2018

Complete Genome Sequence of the Arcobacter suis Type Strain LMG 26152.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Nov 1;7(17). Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Meat Safety and Quality Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Clay Center, Nebraska, USA.

Arcobacter species are prevalent in pigs, and strains have been isolated from pig feces and pork meat; some Arcobacter strains may be porcine abortifacients. Arcobacter suis was recovered from pork meat in Spain. This study describes the whole-genome sequence of the A. Read More

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November 2018

Complete Genome Sequence of the Arcobacter skirrowii Type Strain LMG 6621.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Nov 1;7(17). Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Produce Safety and Microbiology Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Albany, California, USA.

Arcobacter skirrowii is a species of veterinary importance, originally recovered from the feces, aborted fetuses, and preputial fluids of livestock. We present here the whole-genome sequence of the A. skirrowii type strain LMG 6621 (= 449/80 = CCUG 10374), isolated in the United Kingdom from a lamb diarrheal fecal sample. Read More

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November 2018

Complete Genome Sequences of Papillomavirus Isolates from the Oral Cavity, Skin, and Feces of Wild Rats.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Nov 1;7(17). Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China.

Six genome sequences of papillomavirus were determined from oral and skin swabs and fecal samples collected from wild rats. Three genomes were 7,722 bp, two genomes were 7,716 bp, and one was 7,730 bp, displaying typical papillomavirus genome organizations. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that these six genomes belonged to two different clusters. Read More

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November 2018

Complete Genome Sequence of the Arcobacter trophiarum Type Strain LMG 25534.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Oct 4;7(13). Epub 2018 Oct 4.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Produce Safety and Microbiology Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, Albany, California, USA.

Arcobacter species have been recovered from food and/or food animals, and several of these species are potential human pathogens. Arcobacter trophiarum was recovered from fecal samples taken from pigs on two Belgian farms. This study describes the whole-genome sequence of the A. Read More

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October 2018

Genome Sequence of Weissella cibaria M2, a Potential Probiotic Strain Isolated from the Feces of a Giant Panda.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Sep 20;7(11). Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Pathogenic Biology, School of Basic Medical Science, Chengdu Medical College, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Here, we report the complete genome sequence of Weissella cibaria M2, a potential probiotic strain isolated from the feces of a giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). The genome consists of one chromosome of 2.56 Mb and two plasmids. Read More

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September 2018

Genome Sequence of Kurthia Type Species Kurthia zopfii Strain ATCC 33403.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Jul 12;7(1). Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Biology Program, University of New Hampshire, Manchester, New Hampshire, USA.

The genome of the type strain of the Kurthia genus, Kurthia zopfii ATCC 33403, was sequenced. Nonpathogenic K. zopfii has been isolated from intestinal contents, fecal material, meats, meat products, milk, water, and air, including air at high altitudes. Read More

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July 2018
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Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profile of Serovars Isolated from Slaughtered Cattle in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Biomed Res Int 2018 4;2018:9794869. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

is one of the top causes of foodborne bacterial illnesses in humans. The primary sources of human infection are food producing animals such as cattle, poultry, and swine. A cross-sectional study was undertaken to estimate the prevalence and to determine the serovar distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of spp. Read More

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November 2018

Diversity of Free-Living Environmental Bacteria and Their Interactions With a Bactivorous Amoeba.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2018 23;8:411. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Queller/Strassmann Laboratory, Washington University in St. Louis, Department of Biology, St. Louis, MO, United States.

A small subset of bacteria in soil interact directly with eukaryotes. Which ones do so can reveal what is important to a eukaryote and how eukaryote defenses might be breached. Soil amoebae are simple eukaryotic organisms and as such could be particularly good for understanding how eukaryote microbiomes originate and are maintained. Read More

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November 2018

The Fecal Metagenomics of Malayan Pangolins Identifies an Extensive Adaptation to Myrmecophagy.

Front Microbiol 2018 23;9:2793. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Conservation and Resource Utilization, Guangdong Public Laboratory of Wild Animal Conservation and Utilization, Guangdong Institute of Applied Biological Resources, Guangzhou, China.

The characteristics of flora in the intestine of an animal, including the number and abundance of different microbial species and their functions, are closely related to the diets of the animal and affect the physical condition of the host. The Malayan pangolin () is an endangered species that specializes in myrmecophagy. Analyzing the microbiome in the intestine of the pangolin is imperative to protect this species. Read More

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November 2018

Selection of fast and slow growing bacteria from fecal microbiota using continuous culture with changing dilution rate.

Microb Ecol Health Dis 2018 30;29(1):1549922. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia.

: Nutrient and energy metabolism in human colon depends on bacterial growth rate that is determined by the colonic transit rate. : A novel approach, De-stat culture was used to distinguish the fast and slow growing sub-populations from fecal microbiota. : The enrichment and metabolism of bacteria from pooled fecal cultures of children was studied at dilution rates  = 0. Read More

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November 2018

Opportunities and challenges associated with fecal progesterone metabolite analysis.

Vet World 2018 Nov 20;11(10):1466-1472. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

Conventionally, plasma or milk progesterone evaluations are used to determine the reproductive status of female animals. Collection of such samples is often associated with difficulties of animal handling and restraint. Measurable quantities of progesterone metabolites are found in feces of animals. Read More

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November 2018

Occurrence of carrying Shiga toxin-producing genes in buffaloes on smallholdings in Bangladesh.

Vet World 2018 Nov 19;11(10):1454-1458. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Genetics and Animal Breeding, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Khulshi, Chittagong 4225, Bangladesh.

Background And Aim: Shiga toxin-producing (STEC) has emerged as significant foodborne pathogens. Ruminants are the primary reservoir of the zoonotic STEC. In Bangladesh, previous studies reported the presence of STEC in cattle, goat, and sheep; however, there is little information about STEC carriage by buffaloes. Read More

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November 2018

Streptococcus agalactiae is not always an obligate intramammary pathogen: Molecular epidemiology of GBS from milk, feces and environment in Colombian dairy herds.

PLoS One 2018 10;13(12):e0208990. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

For many years Streptococcus agalactiae has been considered an obligate intramammary and strictly contagious pathogen in dairy cattle. However, recent reports of S. agalactiae isolation from extramammary sources have contradicted that premise. Read More

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December 2018

Where Do Women With Urinary Incontinence Find Information About Absorbent Products and How Useful Do They Find It?

J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Nicholas Smith, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Kathleen F. Hunter, PhD, Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Saima Rajabali, MBBS, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Ian Milsom, PhD, Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden. Adrian Wagg, MB, BS, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Purpose: This study aimed to determine from what sources women with urinary and dual urinary and fecal incontinence sought and received information about incontinence and absorbent products. We also evaluated source utility.

Design: Descriptive, embedded, mixed-methods study with qualitative interviews nested into a survey design in a modified explanatory sequence. Read More

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December 2018

Composite Antropyloric Valve and Gluteus Maximus Muscle Wrap for Neoanal Reconstruction: Initial Results.

Dis Colon Rectum 2019 Jan;62(1):104-111

Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Severe fecal incontinence has a significant negative impact on patient well-being. Current surgical methods of total anorectal reconstruction to substitute a colostomy have suboptimal results. A composite graft using antropyloric valve transposition and gracilis wrap has been described with good outcomes. Read More

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January 2019

[A case of jejunal neuroendocrine carcinoma complicated with dermatomyositis].

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2018 ;115(12):1063-1068

Department of Medical Oncology, Shizuoka General Hospital.

A 65-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with dermatomyositis presented to the hospital with a small bowel mass. She had tested positive for fecal occult blood test and anemia at a medical checkup;therefore, computerized tomography (CT) was performed at the previous hospital and it had revealed thickening of the intestinal wall. Abdominal contrast-enhanced CT, single-balloon assisted enteroscopy, and biopsy led to a diagnosis of poorly differentiated jejunal adenocarcinoma. Read More

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January 2018

A semi-nested RT-PCR assay for detection of norovirus in rat fecal samples.

Exp Anim 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Hematology and Hemotherapy Center, University of Campinas.

Norovirus is a highly prevalent pathogen that can infect a wide range of host species. Thus far, there have only been two reports of norovirus infection in rats. Diagnostic assays for the detection of norovirus are well established, but a specific molecular assay for the diagnosis of norovirus infection in laboratory rats has not yet been reported. Read More

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December 2018

Investigating neurogenic bowel in experimental spinal cord injury: where to begin?

Neural Regen Res 2019 Feb;14(2):222-226

Department of Neural & Behavioral Sciences, Penn State University College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA.

The devastating losses following traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) encompass the motor, sensory and autonomic nervous systems. Neurogenic bowel is a slow transit colonic dysfunction marked by constipation, rectal evacuation difficulties, decreased anorectal sensation, fecal incontinence or some combination thereof. Furthermore, neurogenic bowel is one of the most prevalent comorbidities of SCI and is recognized by afflicted individuals and caregivers as a lifelong physical and psychological challenge that profoundly affects quality of life. Read More

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February 2019

l-Carnitine in omnivorous diets induces an atherogenic gut microbial pathway in humans.

J Clin Invest 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Lerner Research Institute.

Background: l-Carnitine, an abundant nutrient in red meat, accelerates atherosclerosis in mice via gut microbiota-dependent formation of trimethylamine (TMA) and trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) via a multistep pathway involving an atherogenic intermediate, γ-butyrobetaine (γBB). The contribution of γBB in gut microbiota-dependent l-carnitine metabolism in humans is unknown.

Methods: Omnivores and vegans/vegetarians ingested deuterium-labeled l-carnitine (d3-l-carnitine) or γBB (d9-γBB), and both plasma metabolites and fecal polymicrobial transformations were examined at baseline, following oral antibiotics, or following chronic (≥2 months) l-carnitine supplementation. Read More

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December 2018

Chlortetracycline enhances tonsil colonization and fecal shedding of multidrug-resistant serovar Typhimurium DT104 without major alterations to the porcine tonsillar and intestinal microbiota.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Food Safety and Enteric Pathogens Research Unit, National Animal Disease Center, ARS, USDA, Ames, IA, USA

is estimated to cause 1.2 million cases of human foodborne illness each year in the United States, and pigs can often be asymptomatically colonized with (>50% of farms). Recent reports state that 18. Read More

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December 2018

Changes in thyroid function of nestling tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) in relation to polycyclic aromatic compounds and other environmental stressors in the Athabasca Oil Sands Region.

Environ Res 2018 Nov 22;169:464-475. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Ecosystem and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 4Z6.

In the Canadian Athabasca Oil Sands Region (AOSR), nestling tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) raised near mining-related activities accumulated greater concentrations of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) that contributed to their poorer condition, growth, and reproductive success. Here, we report changes in thyroid function of the same 14 day old (do) nestlings (N ≤ 68) at these mining-related sites (OS1, OS2) compared to reference nestlings (REF1), and in relation to multiple environmental stressors that influence avian thyroid function. Thyroid function was compromised for OS1 nestlings but generally comparable between OS2 and REF1 chicks. Read More

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November 2018

Constructed wetlands combined with disinfection systems for removal of urban wastewater contaminants.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 28;656:558-566. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Agricultural, Food and Environment (Di3A), University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia 100, Catania 95123, Italy.

The removal efficiency of an urban wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) to obtain an effluent suitable for agriculture reuse was evaluated in a one-year period, taking into account the Italian wastewater limits and the recent European proposal for the minimum requirements water quality for agricultural irrigation. The secondary effluent of WWTP was treated by three full-scale horizontal sub-surface flow (H-SSF) constructed wetlands (CWs), working in parallel, planted with different macrophytes species, and combined with a UV device and a lagooning system running in series. The H-SSF CW system effectively reduced physico-chemical pollutants and its efficiency was steady over the investigation period, while, Escherichia coli densities always exceed the Italian limits required for wastewater reuse in agriculture. Read More

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November 2018

Detection and genetic characterization of kobuvirus in cats: The first molecular evidence from Northeast China.

Infect Genet Evol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, Jilin Province 130118, China. Electronic address:

Feline kobuvirus (FeKoV), a novel picornavirus of the genus kobuvirus, was initially identified in the feces of cats with diarrhea in South Korea in 2013. To date, there is only one report of the circulation of kobuvirus in cats in southern China. To investigate the presence and genetic variability of FeKoV in northeast China, 197 fecal samples were collected from 105 cats with obvious diarrhea and 92 asymptomatic cats in Shenyang, Jinzhou, Changchun, Jilin and Harbin regions, Northeast China, and viruses were detected by RT-PCR with universal primers targeting all kobuviruses. Read More

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December 2018

Diversity analysis of intestinal microflora between healthy and diarrheal neonatal piglets from the same litter in different regions.

Anaerobe 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Jiangxi Agriculture University, Jiangxi, Nanchang, China. Electronic address:

Though the problem of neonatal piglet diarrhea is well known, the differences in the bacterial diversity and community composition between healthy and diarrheal piglets are still unknown. We investigated these differences in neonatal piglets from Jiangxi Province, China. Healthy (H, n = 20) and diarrheal (D, n = 20) piglets were selected from six regions. Read More

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December 2018